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Partly cloudy with high about 60 today. Fair and mild tonight and tomorrow. Low tonight near 42. (Full report on Page A-2.) Temperatures Today. Midnight, 40 6 a.m. --44 11 a.m-48 2 a.m. ---40 8 a.m. ---45 Noon-52 4 a.m_42 10 a.m. —-46 1 p.m. —55 Late New York Markets, Page A-19. ,, Guide for Readers Pate After Dark __.A-18 Amusements ..B-14 Comics_B-22-23 Editorial _A-12 Edit. Articles. _A-13 Finance -A-19 ! P**e Lost and Found-A-3 Obituary -A-14 Radio -B-23 Sport? _A-16-17 Women’s Section_B-3-6 97th Year. No. 328. Phone ST. 5000 ** S WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1949—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. An Associated Press Newspaper City Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday. $1.20 a Month; when 5 Sundays, $1.30. Night Final Edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per Month. 5 CENTS 28 KILLED AS AIRLINER CRASHES AT DALLAS --------• - Cominform Calls World's Reds to Overthrow Tito Meeting in Hungary Decrees Duty for All Party Members By tl.« Associated Press MOSCOW, Nov. 29.—The Com inform called on all Communists in the world today to help Yugo slav peasants and workers over throw Premier Marshal Tito's re gime. The Cominform has held its first meeting, the official press and ra dio said, since it expelled the Tito regime from its membership in June, 1948. The meeting was secret and was held the latter part of this month in Hungary. A resolution passed by the Com inform said the “fight against Tito’s clique—the hired spies and murderers—is the international duty of all Communist and work ers parties.” (Communist leaders in the past have urged the overthrow of Tito’s regime. The new blast touched off speculation by Western diplomatic observers on whether the Cominform had secretly drafted concrete plans for action to oust the Yugoslav ruler. (Foreign diplomatic quarters in New York last week said they had heard reports an anti-Tito coup was planned for sometime between Christmas and Easter. According to the necessarily unconfirmed reports, the coup would start with a staged revolt in Belgrade with plot leaders calling in immediate help from Hungary and Romania.) Tito Party Held Not Communist. The-duty of all Communists,: the Cominform resolution said, “is to give their utmost help to the Yugoslav workers class and work ing peasantry in their fight for the return of Yugoslavia into the camp of democracy and socialism.” The resolution added that the Yugoslav Communist Party under Tito’s leadership “has lost the right to be called a Communist Party.” Yugoslavia was expelled from 'the Cominform in June, 1948, on charges that the Tito government was anti-Soviet and refusing to follow traditional Stalin-Leninist principles of communism. The resolution was made public on the anniversary of the found ing of the Tito government in 1943. It denounced Tito's “spy clique” | and said they are “enemies of the; workers’ class and peasants, ene- i mies of the nations of Yugoslavia.”! “This espionage group does not express the will of the nations of Yugoslavia (Serbia, Slovenia, Cro atia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Monte negro and Macedonia),” the reso lution declared, “but the will of the Anglo-American imperialists, in consequence of which it be trayed the interests of the coun try and liquidated the political Independence and economic sov ereignty of Yugoslavia.” The communique published in (See COMINFORM, Page A-6.) Lease Signed for Courts To Use Oil Building (Earlier Story on Page A-4.) The sixth floor of the Standard Oil Building, on Constitution ave nue, today was leased by the Fed eral Government to provide court rooms and chambers for three newly appointed District Court judges. Terms of the lease call for an annual rental of $19,000. It was signed today. It is expected that at least two Judges will begin holding court In the building early in January. Mine Fire Casualties Total 19, Reds Assert Sy the Associated Press BERLIN, Nov. 29.—The Soviet Army newspaper Tageliche Rund schau confirmed today that a fire had occurred at an Eastern zone uranium mine, but said' the cas ualties were slight—only 19 cases of light smoke poisoning. The British-licensed Telegraf said yesterday that 2,000 miners died in a mine fire in the Erz mountains of Western Saxony. It said the blaze broke out last Thursday. Taegliche Rundschau was the first of the East Berlin press to mention the fire. It said it oc curred at Johanngeorgenstadt and was caused by a short circuit. The British licensed paper had reported the blaze broke out at the Johanngeorgenstadt and spread to two more mines and set off a dynamite dump. In its morning edition today the British Telegraf charged that wholesale arrests of German offi cials at the mine were being made by the Russians. It said some 40 German en gineers, chiefs and foremen have been seized by Soviet police. The Johanngeorgenstadt work ings are run by a Soviet-controlled •ompany. 1 Freedom of Speech vs. Loyalty -- Gen. Arnold Points to Discipline As Big Issue in Unif ication Row Retired Air Forces Head Compares Mitchell Case With Tactics of Admirals (First of a Series of 10 Articles.) By H. H. Arnold Former Commanding General. United State* Army Air Force* The recent inter-service squabble has left many Americans in a fog. Does a man entering our armed services lose one of his basic rights—freedom of speech? Do the citizens of the United States expect their military leaders to broadcast military secrets and restricted information to probable enemies or to friends just because they are witnesses before a congressional committee or have chips on their shoulders? These have always been important questions, questions that have existed as long as we have had armed forces, but they were thrown out to the middle of the table with a bang recently when the admirals “went to town." Practically all officers ol mgner ranks in our Army, Navy and Air Force have had it firmly impressed | upon them, time and time again, that congressional committees have certain inherent rights. One of those rights is that all questions asked by members of the commit tees must be answered. Formerly ;the ultra-secret matters were ! usually discussed in closed ses sion, but recently the principle of freedom of speech outweighed the principle of national security, and military secrets have been spilled all over the place. And the point closely tied in with this matter is that of loyalty. Every officer in our armed forces must be loyal to his seniors, to the laws of the land, to principles laid down by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Such loyalty must be maintained. But how can it be if every officer who thinks his particular service is not getting all he, personally, thinks it should is permitted to shout to the high heavens his criticisms of orders issued by his Commander in Chief and by the Secretary of Defense, as well as by the Joint Chiefs of Staff? Should he be encouraged to pro Chambers Identifies 4 Papers as Material Given Him by White Names Mystery Men In Case as a Mr. Lovell And Richard Post BULLETIN NEW YORK.—Four docu ments on yellow paper, hand written digests of secret Gov ernment papers, were identified by Whittaker Chambers this afternoon as material obtained for him in 1937 by the late Har ry Dexter White, former Assist ant Secretary of the Treasury, j Mr. Chambers said these papers | were found by him last year, • along with the 47 typed copies of documents which he claims to have received from Mr. Hiss, '■ and that he turned them over to the FBI. By Newbold Noyes, Jr. Star Staff Correspondent NEW YORK, Nov. 29.—Whit taker Chambers swore today, in the Alger Hiss perjury retrial, that while he may have received one piece of the Government’s docu mentary evidence from the late Harry Dexter White, all the rest came from Mr. Hiss. “That is my testimony and noth ing can ever change that fact,” he said, under redirect examination by Thomas F. Murphy, assistant United States attorney. Under questioning by the pros ecutor, meanwhile, Mr. Chambers identified “Mr. X” and “Mr. Y,” the two mystery men he said yes terday were Communists in the State Department. Identifies Two Men. He said “X” was Richard Post, who worked around 1937 for the department’s Foreign Service Journal. He said “Y” was a man named Lovell, whom he had never seen but who had been mentioned to him as a Communist by David Carpenter, another paid Com munist functionary. Neither of the men gave him any secret material, Mr. Chambers added. He testified that Mr. Post was recruited into the party in 1937 by the treasurer of the Maryland Communist organiza tion, Henry Collins. Mr. Post had a job with a WPA (See HISS, Page A-4.) GEN. H. H. ARNOLD. —Harris-Ewing Photo. vide material as to why the laws of our land governing our armed forces’ organization are not—in his estimation—satisfactory? Free (Continued on Page A-8, Col. 3.) High Court Review Of Joint Bus Fare Decision Is Sought Capital Transit Petition Emphasizes Question of 'Confiscatory Rates' The Capital Transit Co. today petitioned the Supreme Court for a rehearing on its recent decision upholding authority of the Inter state Commerce Commission to regulate joint bus fares between the District and nearby Arling ton County points. “Irreparable injury” will be done unless the court withholds its mandate, issued November 14, pending a rehearing on constitu tional “issues of confiscating,” at torneys for the transit company contended in their petition. The transit company petition said two paramount issues were before the court when it handed down its ruling: (1) The question of the jurisdiction of the ICC to regulate fares on vehicles operated solely within the District. (2) The question whether the ICC in reg ulating such fares had imposed confiscatory rates. * Issue of Confiscation. “The attention of the court, i however, as shown by the numer ous questions asked of counsel during the oral argument and by the court’s written opinion, was centered on the first issue,” the brief declared. “In the majority opinion the issue of confiscation was disposed of in five lines; it was not mentioned in the dissent ing opinion.” (The five lines of the major ity opinion referred to in the petition said: “It is also ar gued here that orders should be set aside because they are confiscatory. But the record fails to show that this issue was properly presented to the ICC for ifcS determination. There fore, the question of confisca tion is not ripe for judicial review.”) The transit company petition contended the question of confis cation was presented to the ICC in “uncontradicted evidence” that it was allowed compensation of only 5.83 cents and 7 cents for service which cost 9.968 cents per passenger. If the transit company is pre (See BUS LINE, Page A-2.) Kopel Insists He Knows Nothing About Gambling Slip Evidence Under cross-examination in Dis trict Court today, Harry S. Kopel, proprietor of Hammel’s Restau rant, said he had never seen two slips of paper allegedly taken from him by United Stated mar shals when the restaurant was raided in March. Written in pencil, one was a typical notation on a combination horse play, the other on a com bination numbers play. Kopel and one of his waiters, Walter C. (Danny) Plummer, went into their defense today with two counts against each. Judge Richmond B. Keech narrowed the charges by dismissing three counts against the defendants. The clforges eliminated were: Setting up a gambling place (dropped against both Kopel and Plummer), setting up a gambling table (dropped against Kopel) and accepting a bet (dropped against Kopel). The eliminations left Kopel de fendant on charges of permitting gambling and possession of lot tery slips, and Plummer of ac cepting a bet and violation of the catch-all section against gambling in the District code generally re ferred to as "setting up a gaming table.” Assistant United States Attor ney Arthur J. McLaughlin asked Kopel particularly about three items which United States mar (See HAMMEL’S, Page A-6.) Chiang Leading Showdown Fight For Chungking Red Troops Reported Along Yangtze River; Last Plane Leaves 0. S. DRAFTS Strong Protest to Nationalists on Ship Attack. Page A-14. By the Associated Press HONG KONG. Nov. 29.—Chung king battled tonight to stave off Communist hordes. Nationalist messages said Gen eralissimo Chiang Kai-shek per sonally was directing the fight. The last plane from the be leaguered city arrived here at nightfall. Passengers said . the Reds were at the Yangtze River bank skirting Chungking. The Reds fired on the plane as it took off from an fsland airport in the river. None was injured. Passengers left their baggage in their haste to escape. Reds Declared Stopped. Taipeh, Formosa, Chiang’s is land redoubt headquarters off the South China coast, reported crack troops from Szechwan had stopped the Reds before Chungking. But a dispatch from Spencer Moosa of the Associated Press indicated Chungking would nestle easily in the Communist bower within hours. Chiang seemed to be using the Chungking battle as a springboard to get back as head of the Na tionalist government. He retired from the presidency in January, when he fled Nanking, first of three Nationalist capitals to totter before the Communists this year. Acting President Li Tsung-jen is in a hospital in this British colony with a stomach ailment. His imminent departure for the United States was forecast by one Chinese newspaper. Passport Reported Arranged. Dr. Wellington Koo, Nationalist Ambassador to Washington, was said to have arranged his pass port. Mme. Li would not accom pany him, the paper said. Authoritative sources said he may be followed, or even accom American Consulate 'Unknown/ Shanghai Reds Reply to AP By the Associated Press TOKYO, Nov. 29.—Efforts by the Associated Press Bu reau here to send a message to American Consul Walter McConaughty at Shanghai brought this reply from the Chinese Communist tele graph office today: “American consulate un known. Rush street address and house.” The address was supplied, but no answer had been re ceived nine hours later. panied, by his strong right arm, Gen. Pai Chung-hsi, Nationalist commander in Central China. ^ These sources said Pal had ap plied to the American consulate here for a passport. (The State Department has authorized a trip to the United States by Li. Officials said to day that the American con sulate general at Hong Kong has been instructed to issue a visa if Li applies.) At* Hong Kong 11 American Congressmen opposed immediate recognition of Red China by the United States or Britain. The China Mail quoted Nation alists as saying Chiang had urged Li to resign if he persists in staying outside of China. Reconciled to Split. The newspaper said Chiang was reconciled to the fact his split with Li was irreparable and that he wants Li to renounce the ofl}ce of President so he may resume power. The letter, said the Mail, also stressed that Li should not go abroad as Acting President but as an ordinary citizen. (China’s constitution pro vides the head of the state may go abroad for three months.) Li and Chiang have differed (See CHINA, Page A-6.) Gambler's Wife Killed When Auto Blows Up By the Associated Press DALLAS, Nov. 29.—Mrs. Mil-, dred Noble, wife of a widely known Dallas gambler, was killed today when an automobile she started blew up. Mrs. Noble was the wife of Her bert Noble, 40, who was wounded in a running gun battle with un identified men September 9- On two previous occasions Noble was wounded in gun fights. Neighbors said Noble left home earlier today in a Cadilllc which his wife usually drove. It v^s his 1946 Mercury which -blew up. A daughter has not been located. She is believed to be at a girls’ school in Virginia. A Good Place to Be . . . From! Deputy, Lewis Case Witness, Sues Fay For $25, CJ Damages Foster Asks Injunction To Bor Ouster from Job; Charges Conspiracy BULLETIN Deputy Marshal Donald H. Foster today sued United States Attorney George Morris Fay, United States Marshal W. Bruce Matthews and Salvadof A. Andretta, administrative as sistant to the Attorney Gen eral, for $25,000 damages. He asked for an injunction to keep them from ousting him from his job and charged them with conspiring against him. United States Attorney George Morris Fay said today he called the Justice Department’s atten tion to ‘‘all the facts” in the case of Deputy Marshal Donald H. Foster, but did not prefer charges against him or ask for his suspen sion. Mr. Foster, who was put on an nual leave a few days after testi fying against the Government in the William (Snags) Lewis gam bling case, said he was told by a Justice Department official that he is going to be suspended. The official was Salvador A. Andretta, administrative assistant to the Attorney General. Mr. Foster said Mr. Andretta told him all he knew about the case as of yesterday was a phone call he had got from Mr. Fay. Mr. Andretta denied to The Star today that he had told Mr. Foster he was going to be sus pended. Mr. Andretta said he only told Mr. Foster what the normal procedure is in the cases of deputy marshals where an in vestigation may be justified. Mr. Foster’s version of his con versation with Mr. Andretta was backed up by the attorney who accompanied him to the Justice Department. That attorney is Joseph Sitnick, who is associated with Myron Ehrlich, the attorney who asked Mr. Foster to testify for the defense in the Lewis trial. Mr. Sitnick said Mr. Andretta told the deputy marshal, “You will be suspended and you will be given a chance to reply. If an investi gation proves there is nothing to the charges, the suspension will be lifted. If the charges are sus tained, the suspension will re main.” Mr. Andretta told The Star, through Justice Department pub lic relations, that Mr. Fay called him about Mr. Foster and was going to send him a letter with <See"FOSTER, Page A-4.) Two Men From District Area Known Dead in Plane Crash War Claims Official And Air Force Major Among Victims Three Washington area residents were listed among the passengers of the American Airlines DC-6 liner which crashed and burned at the Dallas Airport early today. Two of them are known to be dead. They are: David N. Lewis, about 38, of the Dorchester House, 2480 Sixteenth street N.W., a member of the three-member War Claims Com mission. Maj. William Johnstone Small, jr.. 32, of 500 Belleview drive, Palls Church, attached to the Ah' In stallation Section, Air Force deputy chief of staff for materiel. Also on the plane was— Jerome B. Shaw, 38, of 5054 Just street N.E., director of the Negro branch of the National Employ ment Service, 1708 G street N.W., a private employment service. He is feared dead. Led Glider Wing. Mr. Lewis, an attorney, led a glider wing during the invasion of Southern France, but his first legal brush with the approaching war came during his part in prose cution of the German-American Bund. The investigations led to conviction of six of the bund’s leading members. Shortly after, he went Into the Air Force as a second lieutenant. Graduated from glider pilot school, he was assigned to a glider division as intelligence officer. In 1944, as a captain, he commanded a glider wing in North Africa, saw action at Anzio, the Rome break through and then in the Po Valley. He did rescue work among pris oners of war in 1945 and became a major. In Alien Property Office. On leaving *the service in 1946, he returned to private practice and went to the Alien Property Custodian’s office, Justice Depart ment. and was sent to Berlin and Munich. He returned to the United States in June of last year and shortly thereafter was ap pointed to the commission. For his war service, he was awarded the Air Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters, the Presiden tial Unit Citation, the Purple Heart and Bronze Arrowhead for the invasion of Southern France. A native of New York, he at tended Cascadilla Preparatory School and Columbia University and the Brooklyn Law School. He married the former Anna Licht blau of Brooklyn, N. Y. They have one son, Peter, 14. His par (Continued on Page A-2, Col. 2.) 'L____ _ . .... " .. Watchman Tells How He Aided 7 Persons From Burning Plane ly the Associated Press DALLAS, 'Nov. 29.—A night watchman who saw a huge Amer ican Airliner crash at Dallas’ Love Field before dawn today said the plane came roaring up and dropped one engine when it hit a building. This is the eyewitness account of L. Boyd, nightwatchman for the Dallas Aviation School, who was sitting in a small lookout house on the field: “I was sitting in my little house when this plane came roaring up and hit the Dallas Aviation School. One engine fell off when it hit and then it kept on going across the road and hit some buildings on the other side. There was no one in the building as far as I know. The minute it hit the building big flames burst up. And there was a big explosion. The Dallas Aviation School was on Are, too. 5 ran over to what was left of that plane. I figured no body would get out of that one. “The fire was everywhere. The plane was broken up into just chunks. When I got up to the plane two men staggered out. I helped them away from the fire. Then I ran around on the other side and five other people were getting out. Two of them were women. They were hurt and cry ing. "I never heard any one else cry. There weren’t any screams when the plane hit. I helped the women away from the flames. I don’t know how bad they were hurt or (See EYEWITNESS, Page A-3.) List of Passengers Included Many For Mexico City By the Associated Press DALLAS, Nov. 29.—Following is the list of injured in the crash of an American airliner at Love Field today: William B. Forsythe, 52, Stam ford, Conn. Dr. Luis De La Rosa, 46, Mexico City. Laurence Claude, 53, pilot, Fort j Worth, Tex. William S. Forbes, 27, flight en gineer, Dallas. Benjamin Burillo, 33. Flora Burillo (wife), 25, both of Mexico City. Benjamin Bogish, 58, an official of Style Art Clothes, New York City. Gerald jQseph Mullowney, 23, American Airlines employe, Dallas. Andress Sagardoy, 32. Pilar Sagardoy, 25, wife, Mexico City. Albert Brody, 35, Brooklyn, N. Y. (released from hospital). Clara Lelaurier, 27. Juan Lelaurier, husband, 34. Albert Lelaurier, 22 months, all of Mexico City. Co-Pilot Robert Edgar Lewis, Forth Worth. A list of other passengers and crewmen aboard the plane follows: Crew members: Stewardess Josephine Cadena, 23, San Antonio, Tex. Stewardess Margaret Van Bib ber, 24, Madison, N. J. Mrs. Ernest G. Wadel of Dallas, national chairman of the Women’s Division of the United Jewish Appeal. Harry Goldberg, 49, Jamaica, N. Y„ production manager of the Ruthrauff & Ryan advertising agency. Mrs. Harry Goldberg. Lt. Col. A. P. S. Fane, 54, of London, a King’s courier. Joseph Stanley Smith, employe of the War Claims Commission, recently of Albuquerque, N. Mex. Irvin, Mayflower Hotel, Wash ington. M. G. Krivor, Seattle, Wash. Alvin J. Belden, Mexican man ager of Arthur Anderson & Co., New York city accountants. J. Quincy Corbett, about 54, a prominent rancher in Texas and Virginia. He grazes cattle on the Walter Chrysler estate near War renton, Va. C. L. Chappell. ■ Henry Edison, Dallas. Lewis Copeland, New York City. Mr. and Mrs. Anders Iriso, Mex ico City. Escobedo Marinano, Mexico City. John Cowan Londres, 75, Mex ico City. Albert Ceen, Queens, N. Y. Guadalupe, Opelia, Jose and Flora de la Mora, Mexico City. Jack Cloud, New York City. Julio and Carolina Cobard, Mex ico City. Cowen, Quirino Confer MANILA, Nov. 29 (£*).—Ameri can Ambassador Myron Cowen and his military adviser conferred with President Elpidio Quirino today on Philippine defenses. Bulletin Chest Drive at 80% Community Chest workers reported collections of $85,068 today to reach $3,197,859, or 80 per cent of the campaign’s goal. Chairman Frank J. Luchs made a new appeal for extra efforts to attain the fall quota of $3,991,719. 17 Escape Alive/ Another of 46 Aboard Missing Passengers Include 11 Who Boarded Plane in Washington (Pictures on Page A-3J By the Asiociated Press DALLAS, Nov. 29.—An Amer ican Airlines plane crashed into | buildings on the border of Love Field early today and burned. ; Twenty-eight of the 46 aboard | were killed. Fourteen persons were in hos pitals and one was missing. Three I others left hospitals. The big DC-6 was en route to Mexico City from New York and | Washington. i It struck a hangar and plowed broadside into a chemical plant after swooping over the filed in an [attempt to land. A crew member, who staggered dazed and bleed ing to a nearby house, said one of the engines was afire and he had stopped the other three. Three Crewmen Survive. Three of the crew members and 14 passengers survived. Identification of the dead was difficult because the bodies were badly burned. Survivors not badly injured scattered to hotels, add ing to the task of rescue workers in determining casualties. Lt. Col. A. F. S. Fane, a British Six or More Reported Killed in Crash of Air France Plane By the Associated Press LYON, Prance, Nov. 29.— Six or more persons were re ported killed today in the flaming crash of an Air France plane about 15 miles northwest of Lyon. Air France said in Paris 37 persons were aboard the plane. The crash occurred near Saint Just-Ch'aleyssin, a town of about 500 population, at I 4:45 p.m. f King’s messenger, was among those presumed dead. The Brit ish Embassy said he was en route to Mexico City and Guatemala on ;an official mission. Two prominent Mexicans, Dr. ! Luis De La Rosa and Jose De La Mora and his family, also were ' aboard. Dr. De La Rosa was president of the Mexican National Chamber of Broadcasting. Mr. De La Mora is a director in the | Mexican Aviation Co. Dr. De La j Rosa was among the survivors. Other prominent passengers in cluded Mrs. Ernest G. Wadel, Dal las, national chairman of the Women’s division of the United Jewish Appeal; David N. Lewj&-~" employe of the War Claims Com mission, recently of Albuquerque, N. Mex., and Maj. W. J. Small, as signed to the Department of Na tional Defense, Washington. C. A. B. Begins Inquiry. Justice of the Peace Pierce Mc Bride said he had viewed 28 bodies —those of 17 men and 11 women. The Civil Aeronautics Board be gan an investigation. Hours after the crash flames licked the one-story galvanized building into which the larger part of the plane fell. Firemen used grappling hooks to pull apart the mixture of plane and building. It was about 5:45 a.m. (CST) when the big plane struck the Magnaflux plant on the northwest edge of the field. The plant in spects plane engines by chemical means. Both the plane and plant ap parently burst into flames. Small explosions followed. Sightseers Crowd In. An American Airlines spokes man said crew members in the hospital were Capt. Laurent (Tommy) Claude, the pilot; Rob ert Lewis, first officer, and Wil liam S. Forbes, flight engineer. Hostesses on the plane were (See PLANE, Page A-3.) Temperature in 60s Forecast Here Today It’s going to be a bit balmy in Washington for a few days, the Weather Bureau said today. Clearing skies, bringing a halt to 0.31 inches of rain which fell last night, were due during the day with a temperature around 60. Tonight is expected to be clear with a low about 42. Tem peratures about 60 are predicted for tomorrow. The high yesterday was 45 de grees at 2:22 p.m., and the low 39 degrees at 12:20 a.m. ...... * Soviet Economist Dies MOSCOW, Nov. 29 (/P).—'The Soviet press today announced the death of Vladimir B. Obraztsov, 75, leading Soviet economist in the field of transportation. He was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the U. S. S. R.