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Increasing cloudiness with rising tem perature, highest near 50 today with some rain likely by night. Tomorrow clearing with moderate temperature. Noon_36 6 p.m.-.37 11 p.m. 30 2 p.m...39 8 p.m.--35 Midnight 30 4 p.m.-_40 10 p.m.--32 1 am.-.29 Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star is delivered by carrier to all subscribers at $1.20 per month when 4 Sundays; $1.30 per month when 5 Sundays. Night Final edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per month. Telephone ST. 5000. An Associoted Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 333. ★ WASHINGTON, D. €., DECEMBER 4, 3949—204 PAGES._ Washington TTTXT PFXT'T’R i? cPrr8 and Suburb* X JLI> to_EjJ> X to. Elsewhere | Lewis Demand for Raise in Pay And Royalty Reported Agreed to By Kentucky Operators' Group ♦ __ ■■ --— Miners Would Get 95c A Day Boost, 15c a Ton More for Welfare Fund By James Y. Newton John L. Lewis was reported last night to have reached agreement with a group of Kentucky soft coal operators on the terms of a new contract providing a 15-cent per-ton increase in the United: Mine Workers' welfare fund and a wage raise of 95 cents a day. The agreement, it was under stood. was worked out yesterday at a meeting of Samuel Caddy, UMW district president, and the Pike County Truck Coal Opera tors Association, and the contract will be signed at Mr. Lewis’ office here tomorrow. Association mem bers mine about 3,000,000 tons of coal a year. The report came from well-in- j formed sources. It would mark the first contract signed in the! coal industry this year and the first fruits of Mr. Lewis’ new policy of negotiating with any individual company or operator group which is willing to “talk turkey” with him. In other years he insisted on industry-wide negotiations. First Specific Demands. Mr. Lewis had not previously in-! dicated what his specific contract demands are this year, although he has neogtiated with the oper-i ators. off and on, for many, months. The old soft coal contract l expired June 30. Mr. Lewis merely said in general terms that his demands would cost the operators from 30 to 35 cents per ton of coal. So now the operators know spe cifically what it will cost them to make peace with Mr. Lewis and his miners. The 15 cents increase reported in the Kentucky agreement would raise operator contributions to the Welfare and Retirement Fund to 35 cents a ton on all coal pro duced. When Mr. Lewis first won the fund, the contribution was 5 cents per ton and it stands currently at 20 cents. In the reported Kentucky pact,! Mr. Lewis also wins a fourth-; round wage increase for the min ers involved, something which was denied the CIO Steelworkers in the recent settlement of their strike against the steel industry. The 95 cents increase would raise the pay of the average miner to $15 a day. It was understood that Mr. Lewis waived his demand for shorter working hours and the Kentucky miners will continue to work eight hours a day and 40 hours a week before overtime rates begin. .. •' However, the operators *are said to have given in on twiy^important changes-w>y|ft the Jareer owner havemsisted must be made in a new contract. These are the provision of the old agree ment allowing the union to call unlimited periods “of mourning” and the part which states that the miners will work only when -able and willing.” These sections are retained in the new agree ment. Mr. Lewis has used those provisions to call several work stoppages. The operators contend It gives him control of their mines. The Pike County association is not a member of the Southern Coal Producers Association, which represents nearly all of the big operators in the rich East Ken tucky coal fields. Joseph E. Moody, president of the Southern association, said sev eral of his members in the area notified him that the UMW had made the agreement with the truckers. He was inclined to mini mize the importance of the pact, saying that it indicated to what lengths Mr. Lewis would go in his “desperate” efforts to get con tracts. Mr. Moody referred to the agreement as a “shot-gun wed ding” which the comparatively small truck operators were forced to make in order to stay in busi ness. Mr. Moody summoned directors (See COAL, Page A-7.) Bridegroom Is Hit By Auto 6 Hours After Wedding 1 Less than six hours after he was married. Earl D. Lurton, 50, was struck and injured critically by an automobile here yesterday, poliee reported. Mr. Lurton was walking with his bride near their apartment at 445 Burbank street S.E., accord ing to police, when he was struck by the automobile. He _was taken to the operating room at Gallinger Hospital last night for a compound fracture of his light arm. He also suffered severe head injuries and was de scribed as being in critical con dition. The couple was crossing Texas avenue near Bums street, accord ing to police, when Mr. Lurton was struck by an automobile driven by Jack S. Duvall, 20, of 2604 Dewitt avenue, Alexandria. Mr. Duvall told police he was blinded by the setting sun. He was charged with unreasonable speed and held In $500 bond. Irish Beat Southern Methodist In Thrilling Grid Battle, 27-20 The bitter battle waged by Notre Dame and Southern Meth odist yesterday brought a worried look to the face of Irish Coach Frank Leahy. He frowned and chewed his nails during Most of the thrilling game. —AP Wirephoto. By the Associated Press DALLAS, Dec. 3.—Notre Dame’s Fighting Irish thundered 57 mag nificent yards to a touchdown in the last minutes today to beat Southern Methodist 27-20 and finish four years without defeat on the football field. It marked the thirty-eighth game that the Irish have playedj in the four-year period, with 36 victories and two ties. Thus, Notre Dame finished the season as na Interest in Hiss Trial I Centers on Whether ; Wadleigh Will Testily I Speculation Arises That U. S. May Block Defense By Not Calling Him By Newbold Noyes, Jr. Star Staff Correspondent NEW YORK, Dec. 3. — Federal Judge Henry W. Goddard has ordered attorneys in the Alger Hiss perjury retrial not to an nounce their witnesses in advance, and this fact makes speculation inevitable as to what the Govern ment plans to do about a number of key witnesses in the case. Most of the interest is now cen tering on Henry Julian Wadleigh. who testified at Mr. Hiss’ first trial that he supplied ex-Com munist agent Whittaker Cham bers with secret government docu ments while he was working for the State Department in the 1930s. That first trial, testing whether Mr. Hiss lied to a Federal grand jury in denying he too gave se cret material to Mr. Chambers in his State Department days, ended with a hung jury last July 8. Wadleigh Not Yet Subpoenaed. In his opening statement to the jury of eight women and four men on November 18, Defense Attorney Claude B. Cross said he would try to prove Mr. Wadleigh gave Mr. Chambers most of the secret papers the latter says came from Mr. Hiss. It is known that Thomas P. Murphy, Assistant United States Attorney, has not yet subpoenaed Mr. Wadleigh for an appearance at this trial, and observers are wondering whether he may not be preparing to block Mr. Cross from the indicated line of defense by leaving Mr. Wadleigh out of the Government line-up this time. The fact is that Mr. Wadleigh’s testimony is not essential to the prosecution case. It serves simply to back up Mr. Chambers’ asser tions about espionage activities in high Government circles by showing that he was certainly re ceiving secret information from at least one source. Yet the prosecu tor might well decide that the secret data which Mr. Chambers has produced as evidence against Mr. Hiss are themselves sufficient proof of this point. Legally, it is pointed out, the , defense’s position would be quite ! (See HISS, Page A-6.) _ Beaverbrook in Jamaica KINGSTON, Jamaica, Dec. 3 (JP).—Lord Beaverbrook, publisher of the London Daily Express and Britain’s wartime minister of supply, arrived at Montego Bay, Jamaica, yesterday in a chartered plane. He will spend a vacation at his winter residence there. tional champion for the seventh time. It also was the thirty-eighth victory for the Irish since they were last defeated in 1945 and this was the tenth season in 61 years of football that the Irish were undefeated and untied. The tie games in the 38-game string were in 1948 and 1946. Today's game was one of the all-time thrillers of southwestern i football history. The men of [ (Continued on Page B-l, Col. I.) ( British Call on Soviet To Let World See Fate Of 1,500,000 Balts Latvians, Esthonians and Lithuanians Declared Put In Forced Labor Camps By the Associated Press NEW YORK. Dec. 3.—Britain challenged the Soviet Union today to let the world see what has happened to 1,500,000 Balts—Lat vians, Esthonians and Lithuanians —who, the British charge, have keen driven into Russian forced labor camps. The Russians remained silent on the challenge during bitter British - Soviet debate in the United Nations Assembly. In a counter blast, Soviet Delegate Alexander Panyushkin charged the British were dissemi nating "Goebbels-like propagan da” against the Russian govern ment. Joseph Goebbels was Nasi Germany’s minister of propa ganda. Assembly President Carlos P. Romulo struck all reference to Goebbels from the General As sembly's record, including British Delegate G. T. Corley Smith’s angry reply. Mr. Smith said: “We had no other connection with (See U. N„ Page A-3.) Probe to Sift Hopkins Atom Leak Charges McMahon Tells Staff To Investigate Story Of Uranium Gifts EX-GI RECALLS ‘Hands-Off’ Policy in Alberta for Loaded C-47s Going to Reds. Page A-4. ARMY OF SPIES would harass U. S in Red War, Expert Says. Page A-7 Chairman McMahon of the Joint Senate-House Atomic Ener gy Committee yesterday directed the committee staff to investigate charges by a former Air Force captain that atomic bomb ma terial and secret United States: documents were turned over to Russia during the war with the approval of a high American of ficial. According to statements made by the former officer, G. Racey Jordan, in a radio broadcast Fri day night, the materials and se cret documents were given the Russians with the approval of the late Harry Hopkins. Mr. Hopkins, confidant of the late President Roosevelt, was lend-lease expedit ter. Some of the shipments were of uranium, which the Russians re ferred to as "bomb powder,” Mr. Jordan said. There were immediate congres sional reactions yesterday, and also statements casting doubt on Mr. Jordan’s story. Extent of Probe Not Disclosed. While Senator McMahon direct ed the committee staff to make an inquiry, he refused to say whether a full committee inves tigation would follow. He said to the Associated Press at Norwalk, Conn.: “From what I have been told about the broadcast it occurs to, me that the patriotic and efficient military men who were directly1 responsible for the security of our! atomic bomb project can throw some light on the matter. I have requested our committee staff to inquire from these gentlemen what they know about it.” During the war and until Jan uary 1, 1047, when the Atomic Energy Commission took over, the bomb project was carried out by the Manhattan District of the Army Engineers. Johnson Calls Charges Another member of t— -- committee. Senator Edwin C. Johnson, Democrat, of Colorado, described the charges as “serious” and said they "should be cleared up or explored by Congress. He would not say whether the Atomic Energy Committee or some other congressional agency should go into the matter. Senator. Hickenlooper of Iowa, former chairman and now ranking) Republican member of the joint committee, likewise was unde cided whether there should be a full-scale investigation. But, he said, the committee will want to see what is behind the story. “It's a very important thing,”; he said at Fort Dodge, Iowa. "Itj certainly sounds like Russia might: have' been able to develop an atomj bomb more quickly because of this.” Senator McCarthy, Republican.! of Wisconsin, who is not a mem ber of the Atomic Energy Com mittee, asserted that if that com mittee does not make an investi gation he will urge that one be made by the Senate Investigat ing Subcommittee headed by Sen ator Hoey, Democrat, of North Carolina. Says Hopkins Phoned Him. Mr. Jordan made his charges in the course of an interview by Ful ton Lewis, jr. He said that during the war he had been stationed at Great Falls, Mont. It was a way station for lend-lease planes being (See URANIUM. Page A-7.) Corregidor Hero Found Dead With Service Pistol in Hand Gen. Moore Feared He Was Losing His Mind, Coroner Says By the Associated Press BURLINGAME, Calif., Dec. 3.— Maj. Gen. George F. Moore, com mander of Corregidor in the long Japanese siege, was found dead near a lonely road last night, a bullet through his head and hfs service pistol in his hand. The 62-year-old Texan and his wife, Lucille, had lived here since his retirement last August, after 40 years in the Army. Contents of a note found on 'the general’s bed were not dis | closed, but Coroner William Crosby said the soldier, who spent more than three years in Japanese prison camps, expressed fear he was losing his mind. In 1940, he went to Manila to take command of harbor defenses. Shortly before Corregidor fell to the Japanese on May 6,1942, Gen. MacArthur awarded Gen. Moore the Distinguished Service Cross. After the surrender of Bataan and Corregidor. Gen. Moore and his top commander in the area. OtH. liKUMst; t\ MUUHt. Gen. Jonathan W. Avainwright, with other officers and American and Filipino enlisted men, were harshly treated by the Japanese. In his long captivity Gen. Moore was moved to prison camps in the Philippines, Formosa and Japan, finally ending up in Manchuria, where liberating troops freed him in 1945. (Jen. Moore later took over other * (See MOORE, Page A-O Citizens Federation Awards Star Trophy to Mother of 3 Mrs. Henry A. Bartlett' Cited for Work on Nursery Epidemics The Federation of Citizens’ As sociations last night selected Mrs. Henry A. Bartlett. 3817 Seven teenth place N.E., the mother of three children, as the winner of The Evening Star Trophy as recog nition of her outstanding public service to the District. The federation also decided: 1. To seek reconsideration by the Public Utilities Commission of its order granting the Washington | Gas Light Co. a 6 per cent In crease in its rates. 2. To do all it can to bring to a vote the District home rule bill, passed by the Senate and now pending in the House. The bill became sidetracked in the House! District Committee. A petition is now on the Speaker's desk to discharge the committee from consideration of th$ bill, permit ting it to be brought to a vote. Mrs. Bartlett was cited by the federation for working to avert MRS. HENRY A. BARTLETT. —Star Staff Photo. epidemics among the newborn in hospital nurseries. It said she al most single-handed brought about a revision of Health Department regulations and inclusion in the ( See FEDERATION,'Page' A-4.>~ U. 5. Demands China Warships Quit Firing On American Vessels Note to Nationalists Protests Attack on Craft Near Shanghai • y Hi* A»<xiat*d Pr«i In a strong note of protest, the United States has demanded that the Chinese Nationalist govern ment warn its warships that they cannot fire illegally on American vessels running the China coast blockade. The State Department disclosed yesterday that the rebuke was delivered Friday to Chinese For eign Minister George Yeh in British Hong Kong. Whereas Secretary of State Acheson had emphasized in a news conference Wednesday that he wished all American ships would stay out of the “hazardous" Shanghai area, yesterday’s note hammered the reverse side of the case—insistence that Nationalist warships should not illegally at tack American vessels. The protest was directed spe cifically against the attack Mon day on the Isbrandtsen Line’s vessel, the Sir John Franklin. It was entering the Yangtze river leading to Shanghai. Previously the State Department had pro tested an earlier attack on Is brandtsen’s Flying Cloud in the Shanghai area. 4 Points Made in Note. The new note made these ma jor points: 1. The United States, from the beginning of the blockade last June, has refused to admit its legality for many reasons. 2. The attack on the Sir John Franklin was carried out “indis criminately and wantonly” and was “unjustifiable and contrary to the law and practice of na tions.” 3. The United States Govern ment therefore holds the Chinese Nationalist government “fully re sponsible for any losses sustained by American natipnals as a re sult of these reckless acts.” i 4. The United States views se riously the attack on American life and property and reqijests that the nationalists prevent an other “incident of this nature.” The department appeared to draw a distinction between what a nation has a right to do in its own waters, and an attack which (See PROTEST, Page A-6.) Hungary Lays 5-Year Plan BUDAPEST, Dec. 3 W.—Hun gary plans to invest 51,000,000,000 forints (about 14,100,000,000) in the new five-year plan beginning January 1, it , was announced tonight. Use of Andrews Base To Supplement Airport Suggested by CAA Report to Budget Bureau Rejects Routing of Planes To New Baltimore Field By W. H. Shipped, Jr. The suggestion that part of An drews Air Force Base be used as a supplement to National Airport has been made by the Civil Aero nautics Administration-in a re port to the Budget Bureau. < The confidential report, it was learned yesterday, rejects the idea advanced by Maryland mem bers of Congress that congestion at Washington's air terminal can be relieved by routing passenger aircraft to Baltimore’s new air port under construction at Friend ship Church, Md. The new airport is about 8 miles south of Baltimore, and some 40 miles from Washington. The point has been made by spokesmen for the project that it would have easy access to the new highway being developed between Washing ton and Baltimore. The CAA committee appointed to explore the situation urged im mediate action in view of the fact that National now cannot accommodate more traffic during critical hours, and available sites in this area are rapidly being built up into residential subdivi? sions. The experts pointed out that Washington needs the best air transportation the industry can (See AIRPORT. Page A-7.) McCabe Says Treasury And Federal Revenue Work in Harmony Directive Fixing Fiscal Authority Is Approved By Board Chairman Chairman Thomas B. McCabe of the Federal Reserve Board yes terday gave Congress a picture of harmony and co-operation be tween his board and the Treas ury in solving monetary problems, in contrast to the sharp criticism of Treasury policies voiced Friday by his predecessor, Marriner S. Eccles. The mild-mannered, pleasant spoken Mr. McCabe was on the witness stand before the joint House-Senate Economic subcom mittee for three hours without ever mentioning the Eccles charges that the Treasury's de sire to finance the public debt as cheaply as possible has interfered j with the power of the Federal Re serve Board to regulate the supply of money and credit as a means of combatting inflation. Mr. Eccles is still a member of the Reserve Board, but President Truman put Mr. McCabe in his place as chairman 10 months ago. The whole tenor of Mr. Mc Cabe's testimony coincided with that of Treasury Secretary Snyder that the two agencies have been getting along well. Mr. McCabe refused, however, to comment on a report that within the past week the Treasury had disregarded a Federal Re serve Board request for delay in announcing the refunding terms un Government certificates ma turing in January. Mr. McCabe said he could not go into that without violating a confidence between the Federal Reserve Open Market. Committee and the Treasury. The Reserve Board chairman questioned the wisdom of having Congress attempt to draw up a directive, spelling out more pre cisely the powers of the Treasury and the Reserve Board to expand credit in time of recession and to tighten it up when inflation is on the horizon. He agreed, however. (See ECONOMIC, Page A-3.) 10.000 Japs Reported Pacing Soviet Charges By the Associated Press TOKYO, Dec. 3.—Three former Japanese army officers just home from four years in Siberian prison camps asserted today the Russians have indicted 10,000 Japanese as war criminals. The three repatriates told Jap anese newsmen the charges in clude spying, propaganda Work, guerrilla activity and planning a war of aggression. Some diplo mats were said to be included. There was no confirmation of the repatriates’ story. Occupation authorities insist, however, that 300.000 Japanese held by Russia still are unaccounted for. May Is Receiving U. S. Pension; Thomas to Get One in 8 Years ly the Associated Press Former Representative Andrew J. May, Democrat, of Kentucky, will receive a monthly Govern ment pension of about $280 all the time he is in prison and for the rest of his life when he gets out. But Representative J. Parnell Thomas, Republican, of New Jer sey, awaiting sentence on a fraud charge, won’t fare so well because he isn’t as old as May.. Thomas will have to wait eight years be fore he starts drawing a Govern ment. pension estimated at $290 ° month. T'-y’s conviction on a war * uds charge and Thomas’ deci sion not to defend a charge that he got "kickbacks” from fictitious employes on his payroll do not affect their benefits under the 1946 law making members ef Con gress eligible for civil service pen sions. Both May, who is due to start serving eight months to two. years in Federal prison at Ashland, Ky., starting tomorrow, and Thomas, who faces the court’s decision on his nolo contendere plea next Fri day, were among the first to make themselves eligible for the pen sions. . Although May, then chairman of the House Military Affairs Committee, was defeated for re election in 1946, the Kentucky Democrat paid the required $2,716 lump sum Contribution and, ac cording to House sergeant - at - arms spokesmen, started drawing his pension early in 1947. Because he then was an ex-member and already was past the retirement age of 62, he made no further pay ments. • Thomas can’t draw a ptension as long as he is a member of Con (See~MAY, Pagein.) New FHA Rules Allow Landlords To Pick Tenants Policy in Restrictive Covenants Clarified By Housing Agency Franklin D. Richards, head of the Federal Housing Administra tion, said last night the Govern ment's new anti-discrimination housing policy is not designed to prevent landlords from selecting their own tenants or buyers. Moving quickly to dispel wide spread confusion over the Gov ernment'* action Friday forbid ding FHA aid to builders who file covenants racially restricting use or occupancy of a property, Mr. Richards said: “These amendments do not at tempt to control any owner in determining what tenants he shall have or to whom he shall sell his property.’’ The FHA head took the un usual step of calling his staff to gether on a Saturday so that a statement could be prepared to clarify the policy outlined by Solicitor General Philip B. Pearl :man in New York Friday. Policy Praised and Criticized. The housing official's clarifica tion came in the form of a state ment to all FHA field offices and authorized them to use it “in any way advisable to make clear what the FHA amendments will and will not cover.” Mr. Richard's action came after a storm of praise and criticism had greeted Mr. Perlman's state ment before the New York State Committee-on Discrimination in Housing that the FHA is amend ing its rules “so as to refuse to aid the financing of any properties, the occupancy or use of which is restricted on the basis of race or creed or color.” Typical of the mixed reaction were statements yesterday from Representatives Boggs and Hebert. Louisiana, Democrat, and from Edgar G. Brown, director of the 'National Negro Council. The entire FHA program in the South might be undermined by the new policy, the Louisiana Representatives said. Repudiation of Congress Seen. “The ruling is a repudiation of the wishes of Congress,” Mr. Boggs asserted. “Whenever a housing bill has been considered in Congress, attempts at barring segregation have been defeated”. Mr. Herbert declared “the Ad ministration is again taking ad vantage of the South. It gives further proof and clearly indi cates that those of us who have been and are presently fighting Mr. Truman’s administration have just cause to fight. As the day* go on, our position becomes clearer and clearer.” Acting for the National Negro Council, with headquarters in Washington, Mr. Brown wired President Truman, who is vaca tioning at Key West, Fla., that the action "speaks volumes for your statesmanship, official integ rity and personal sincerity.” Both Mr. Perlman in his ad dress and Presidential Secretary William D. Hassett explained that Mr, Truman was aware the pol icy pronouncement would be made. Richards Explains Rules. In seeking to clear up what he termed "any misunderstandings” in connection with the policy statement as made public by Mr. Perlman, Mr. Richards said: “The essential statement re garding this action is the follow ing paragraph from the initial public statement: “ 'Under the amendments to be issued, no property will be eligible for FHA mortgage insurance if. after a date to be specified in the amendments, and before the FHA insured mortgage is recorded, there has been recorded a cove nant racially restricting the use or occupancy of the property.’ “The^ate referred to is a future date wfflch will be covered in the amendments when they are issued. The amendments will be issued sufficiently in advance of the effective date to put all interested parties on notice.” In Line With Court Decisions, Emphasizing that the policy was adopted to bring FHA practices in line with Supreme Court decisions declaring that restrictive racial covenants cannot be enforced in State or Federal Courts. Mr. Rich ards told field office directors: d wjyjt particularly to call your 1 attention to the following facts, I (See HOUSING, Page A-4.) ’ Book Supplement The Star’s annual book sur vey and readers’ guide appears as a special supplement with this issue. It presents an evaluation of books published in 1949 under the classification of fiction, biography, history, Americana, world affairs, sci ence, childrens books, poetry, j criticism and others. Designed to serve the full range of readers' interests in all age groups, books in each field are reviewed and discussed by Star staff specialists, and well-known guest contributors present authoritative articles on the American literary scene.