Newspaper Page Text
With Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, D. C. Published by The Evening Star Newspaper Company. SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN, President. B. M. McKELWAY. Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. NEW YORK OFFICE: 110 East 42d St. CHICAGO OFFICE. 435 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier—Metropolitan Area. Dally and Sunday Dally Only Sunday Only Monthly ..1.20* Monthly — 90s 10c per copy Weekly —30c Weekly — 20« 10c per copy •10c additional when 5 Sundays are in a month. Also 10c additional for Night Final Edition in those sections wh«r# dslivsry is madt. Rates by Mad—Payable in Advance. Anywhere In United States. Evening and Sunday Evening Su.T.doy*n, 1 month — 1 JO 1 month ... Wc 'month We 4 months „ 7 JO 6 months -. 3.00 4 month. 3.00 1 year_13.00 1 year —.10.00 1 year —4.00 Telephone STerling 5000. Entered at the Post Office, Washington, D. C„ os s#cond-class mail mattor. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press U entitled exclusively to the use lor republication of all the local news printed tn this newspaper, as well as all A. P. news dispatches. A—10 • MONDAY, December 5, IW Fairfax School Crisis The proposal lor a $10,500,000 bond issue for new schools in Fairfax County, Vir ginia, is a moderate one, considering the disgraceful conditions found by the Fair fax County Parent-Teacher Association during a recent tour of the county s ele mentary schools. It is hard to see how any citizen of the county could remain apa thetic about the situation after reading the association’s report. In Annandale, for instance, the group saw overflow classes from the Annandale School being held in two nearby churches and in a partitioned section of the school auditorium. At Baileys Cross Roads 284 children were packed into outmoded, poorly heated classrooms, with the band using the furnace room for practice ses sions. At Lee-Jackson, despite use of the shop and part of the auditorium for class room purposes, two classes have had to be sent to a rented hall a mile and a half away. They must return to the school for lunch each day. At the Gum Springs colored school 183 children were divided among four rooms and a lodge hall, with outdoor privies and no running water. At Groveton 860 pupils were using a building designed to hold 250, the overflow being housed in quonset huts. No wonder that Fairfax citizens are demanding that something be done with out further delay to improve the county school system. The County Board, in co operation with the School Emergency Committee, has recommended a bond issue as the only practicable way of remedying conditions. That Is the wise course recently chosen by Falls Church and adopted In many other progressive communities. The School Emergency Committee has called for a referendum to determine the wishes of the county as to the bond issue plan. If any Fairfax citizen is in doubt as to the urgent necessity of immediate action, let him but read the report of the parent teacher survey—or, better still, make an Inspection tour himself. The bpnd Issue proposal should win overwhelming ap proval, once the crisis facing tfi^ bounty school system is brought to the attention of the voters. A Regional Problem In Toting to support the Sasscer pro posal for effecting a better eo-ordlnatlon of certain governmental activities in the Washington Metropolitan Area, the Prince Georges Civic Federation has evidenced Its understanding of a serious regional problem. The Federation Is aware that the Sasscer bill, of Itself, calls for no specific methods of bringing about such eo-ordlnatlon. The measure merely pro vides for creation of a joint District Maryland-Virginia commission to study the need for teamwork in meeting com mon problems of this urban region, and to make recommendations for considera tion of Congress and of the legislatures of the adjoining States. That is an orderly and promising way to attack the task of eliminating uneces sary conflict and confusion among the three jurisdictions. The conflicts and the confusion arise in a number of fields— police and fire protection In fringe sections, public utility regulation and the like. The time has come when Washington and its suburbs must work more closely together than ever before, for the mutual benefit of the entire area. That Is the goal of the Prince Georges County Civic Federation, the Interfederation Council and other groups which have indorsed the Sasscer bill. A joint commission of Inquiry, re presenting all jurisdictions, should be able to point the way to a new era of co-opera tion among the communities composing Greater Washington. North Branch Pollution The .Federal Security Agency’s grant of eight thousand dollars to the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin will enable the commission to tackle what is probably the worst industrial pollution problem in the whole basin. The money, It is announced, will be used to study means of cleaning up the Potomac River in a notoriously contaminated stretch, from Luke, Maryland, on the Northern Branch of the river, to Cumberland. The FSA grant could not be put to better use. The thirty-five-mile stretch of the river between these two cities has been described by conservation authorities as a “dead" stream. Harold A. Kemp, chairman of the Interstate Commission, recently had this to say of the Luke-Cumberland river link: “For long stretches all oxygen is depleted and nowhere is the water suitable for use. The North Branch and its trib utaries are also plagued with about 170, 000 pounds of acid per day from abandoned and active coal mines. Long reaches are devoid of any fish or plant life.” That industrial co-operation can be ob tained in the anti-pollution campaign has been demonstrated strikingly in another once-polluted Potomac tributary, the Shenandoah. This Virginia offshoot of the main river once was so full of in dustrial waste that fish could not live in It. But factories have installed waste-dis posal facilities which have greatly reduced the fish-destroying material dumped into the stream. It is predicted that the Shen andoah again will become a fisherman’s rendezvous. What has been done to the Shenandoah can be accomplished just as surely on the North Branch of the Potomac and else where along the river. But the industries responsible for the contamination need advice and guidance before they can make definite plans for waste disposal or treat ment plants. The- special study by the commission will trace the pollution to its sources and provide a basis for a compre hensive waste-reduction program. It then will be up to business interests and com munities in the affected area to carry out their part of the clean-up Job. Red Flop in Italy Nothing better reveals the decline in power and prestige of the Italian Commun ist Party than the fiasco which resulted from the general strike of last Thursday. This 24-hour walkout was planned by Com munist leadership as a mass demonstration of organized labor in sympathy and soli darity with landless peasants, especially in the South. Incited by Communist agita tors, mobs of these unfortunates have been squatting on private agricultural property and in some instances have resisted the police when the latter tried to evict them. In one such fracas two peasants were killed. And it was upon this relatively minor in cident that the strike was undertaken. Comiminism’s chief asset in Italy is its control over the General Confederation of Labor. But the Confederation has been weakened during the past year by the secession of a substantial part of its mem bership, which adheres to a new organiza tion or to the Catholic unions, both strongly anti-Communist. These promptly advised their members to defy the strike order and stay on their jobs. The test, therefore, came as to the response of the Confederation’s membership to the orders handed them. And it is here that the breakdown of union discipline becomes most apparent. Only in the heavy-industry trades of the North were the orders measurably obeyed. Elsewhere, the walkout was either spotty or virtually ignored. The outstand ing failure was in the South, where the strike was an almost complete flop. This is significant, because it was on account of the southern peasantry that the strike had been ordered. The contrast between this and previous Communist-led demonstrations is extra ordinary. Two years ago, such an order would have been obeyed everywhere almost to the letter. At that time, every one feared the Communist “goon squads” which terrorized all who dared flout the will of the Red high command. That, however, was before the parliamentary elections of April, 1948, which not only administered a sharp set-back to the Com munists, but installed in office a govern ment determined to maintain order and protect all citizens against Intimidation. Premier de Qasperl found a perfect in strument In the person of Mario Scelba, his Minister'of the Interior, who promptly purged the police and Carabinieri of Red malcontents and built up an armed force capable of handling any domestic situa tion. These facts have become common knowledge among the Italian people, and enable the humblest dissident from bowing to his former labor bosses. The resultant defections show to what extent Commu nist labor discipline rested on sheer terror ism rather than Ideology. In view of the outcome, it may well be asked why this strike was ever undertaken. Communist leadership is, or should be, reasonably well informed as to the temper of the workers. Perhaps the strike action was forced upon them from Moscow. If so, it is an indication of how badly the super-bosses of the Kremlin are kept abreast of trends beyond the Iron Curtain. Truth or Smear? Although there is good ireason to be highly skeptical of the story accusing the late Harry Hopkins of shipping uranium materials and atomic secrets to Russia dur ing the war, the charges involved are seri ous enough to warrant a thorough investi gation to determine whether there is fac tual Justification for them or whether they are merely a lot of irresponsible poppy cock. Made by a former Army Air Force cap tain in an interview with Fulton Lewis, whose crusading is never identified with dispassionate objectivity, the charges have been lodged at a strangely late date against a man who is not here to answer them. Furthermore, although the accuser claims to have reported on the situation, during the war, to the Air Inspector General, that officer—now in another command—de clares that he can recall no such report and knows nothing whatever about the alleged shipments. Nevertheless, although these and other surrounding circumstances cast much doubt on the validity of the charges, Sena tor McMahon has done well in directing the stall of the Joint Congressional Com mittee on Atomic Energy to look into the matter without delay. The need for such action is obvious, particularly in view of the fact that General Groves —head of our wartime A-bomb project—has been quoted as making the somewhat cryptic state ment that he cannot see how the charges can be ignored and that he has been won dering about “what the defenders of Harry Hopkins would say.” Moreover, as made public several months ago, it is a fact that the Shattuck Chemical Company of Den ver shipped 720 pounds of uranium oxide and nitrate to a Russian army officer at Great Falls, Montana, in March of 1943. Uranium oxide and nitrate, of course, are far from being the pure nuclear fuel that makes up the explosive content of the A-bomb, and 720 pounds of such materials would be of little help in producing that weapon. But the fact that the shipment was made long before we ourselves had succeeded in harnessing the atom for war (how could anybody give away the bomb making secret at a time when nobody knew it?) lends some plausibility to the charges against Mr. Hopkins. Plausibility, however, though it may be superficially impressive, is not necessarily the same thing as validity. In this in stance, the congressional atomic commit *tee should not find it too difficult to deter mine how the two relate to each other. In fairness to the dead Mr. Hopkins, who cannot speak, and in order to end any public confusion, this matter should be cleared up in a way that will leave no doubt at all as to whether the charges add up to the truth or to a' recklessly cruel smear. Madam Ouspenskaya The American theater was well supplied with competent actresses when Maria Ouspenskaya arrived in the United States in 1924, but it had ample room for her, so great was her art. Once she had shown what she could do, she was welcome to stay as long as she liked. She adjusted herself to conditions on Broadway and in Hollywood with a philosophic shrug of her shoulders. The first requirement, she saw, was that of learning the language. To master it quickly she studied at Columbia University and informally everywhere she went. Within a few months, she had acquired a working command of the pre vailing idiom. Of course, she never spoke it without an accent. It would have been a pity if she had become entirely acclimated. Her manner of speech con tinued to be European. Back of all her achievements was her Tartar ancestry. Madam Ouspenskaya belonged to the Mongolian-Turkish stock which stormed into Russia in the thir teenth century. Her face was as plain, she said, as mud. In body she was undersized and frail, weighing only ninety pounds. But a compelling spirit burned in her. She had the driving force of an army, and her major objective was the governance of her own talents. By the moment when Stanislavsky accepted her for the Moscow Art Theater in 1911 she was a veteran in the provinces, thirty-five years old. The number of roles she knew to perfection exceeded a hundred. The best of them were old women parts, old women with wisdom and skill for the management of life. Performing before the camera gave her a “close up” opportunity which she never had had before. People watching her on the screen beheld the details of her acting as audiences sitting far from her as she trod the boards of huge Conti nental playhouses never did. Madam Ouspenskaya made the most of her chances. She will be remembered especially for her beautiful representations of the German countess in “Dodsworth,” the Maharani in “The Rains Came” and the grandmother in “King’s Row.” Fifty when she essayed the earliest of these in 1936, she proved again, if it needed proving, that the theater still has rewards for artists no longer young. Her school for players was a tremendous personal suc cess. The pupils loved her, yielded gladly to her influence. Her “family” Included Katharine Hepburn, Joan Crawford, Anne Baxter, Anne Seymour, Roberta Light, John Garfield, Franchot Tone and others who rejoice to acknowledge their debt to her example as well as to her creative in struction. This and That By Charles E. Tracewell Templeton Jones says the house cat has been overlooked as a watch dog. Watch cats, lfe declares, are just as good as dogs, and more likely to attract atten tion. Dogs as watchmen, as every one knows, are none too steady. People are so used to their barking, that often it is just another case of “wolf, wolf." The big police dog on the corner barked his head off, but no one paid any attention to him, so that the burglars had plenty of time to look over the house next door at their leisure. * * * * Little dogs at times respond to candy, or even a swift kick. And they, too. are so bark-inclined that people get used to them and pay little attention. The properly trained watch cat, on the other hand, as Jones points out, is not one to fuss for nothing. When a cat suddenly pricks up its ears, and begins to growl, even the most careless will notice it. Growling cats? Yes, they do growl, and almost always at some sudden and unusual noise. * * * * Thus, the other evening a snapping sound from the yard next door caused Templeton Jones’ two watch cats—seated on the dining room table, of all places—to come to at tention. Their ears went to points, and from the lower depth of their stomachs issued veri table growls. The big tiger one, as might have been expected, gave the largest growl. Such a growl is no light matter with a It is not something he does every day, by any means, or even every week. Hundreds of noises might occur near him and he would not growl. Scores of smells might assail his delicate nose without drawing any vocal protest, only a laying back of the ears. Cat ears are sensitive indicators, along with the tail, of the feline emotional states. The tail has been over-praised, in this re gard. It is a vestigal growth, of not much use except when in a fight. Then its lashing tells the other fellow to watch out. The tail is an indicator to the cat owner of the health or lack of it of his pet. The healthy cat has a fluffy, plump tail, while the one in ill health is inclined to have a scrawny tail. The difference is easily seen by ex perienced persons. But the tail, all in all. is somewhat over estimated. It is there because it is there. The Manx cat, so called, shows how little a cat needs a tail. Whereas ears, by their inclination, show all that goes on in cat brain and heart. The modem cat, just like his ancestors, needs his ears, not only to hear with, as they did, but also to express to others of his own kind, and to his human friends, the emotions that run riot through him. He needs no hearing aids. Nature has equipped him with aural abilities quite on a par with those of the dog. While dogs may be able to smell better, it is very doubtful that they hear any better. And the real point of the watch cat, as compared with the dog, is that its response to sudden sounds is based on ancestral ac tions and reactions to a degree not seen today in the dog. Templeton Jones’ cats really growling at a sudden snapping sound in the yard next door showed that they thought of fire, when they heard it, and they knew this because of the ancient days, when small branches were broken by their human friends to Stert Hyps As it turned out, this was precisely what had happened in this instance. Getting home from a trip, the folks next door found their house chilly, and looked through the yard for small branches fallen from the trees to make kindling for their fireplace. The watch cats, true to nature, to them selves and their human friends, sensed at once that fire was involved. So they started up, sat erect, with ears up, and growled. It turned out to be nothing, but at any rate the watch cats had done their job and once more shown how cats still help humanity. Letters to The Star Expresses Disappointment That Gen. Arnold Has Not Allayed Public's "Natural Fear” To th* Editor of The Star: First, I would like to acknowledge respect for Gen. Arnold and appreciation of all his past accomplishments which indeed have helped maintain our way of life. This statement, however, must be followed by the Inevitable "but.” As one who an ticipated his series of articles with the hope of reassurance on the subject of our na tional security, I found disappointment be fore finishing the third paragraph of Gen. Arnold’s opening article. In the recent hearings it was the very top men of the Navy who genuinely questioned the adequacy of our proposed de fense. The public is not to be educated away from recollection of that by articles that merely reiterate unification, loyalty within the services, etc. These things are accepted law and now are not the issues involved. In early August disquiet was cre ated when Secretary Johnson announced his planned cut in Navy craft. Since that time not one article by those in authority has. appeared to allay the natural fears re sulting from such action. It is true that we welcome cuts in Federal spending and would like to see the saving reflected in our income taxes, but not at the cost of our national confidence. All of us suffer humiliation over the Chinese Com munists’ unprovoked detention of Messrs. Ward and Stokes who, as Americans, should have been respected as representatives of our Government. If that situation had become worse, would it have been possible for the Navy to carry out any practical kind of blockade? If Gen. Arnold’s article of November 29 had appeared beside David Lawrence’s col umn of the same evening the gulf between what the public needs and what it is getting would have come into clear focus. MRS. V. F. P Says England Does Better By Old People Than the U. S. ' To the Editor of The Star: Because a great many more men than women die around the age of 50, It stands to reason that old-age pensions should begin at 52 for men and at 60 for women. Moreover, after the average male has passed the age of 45, it is practically Impossible for him, in case he is thrown out of work, to secure a position that pays enough to meet the*cost of living. Old-age pensions should average $175 a month for both sexes. At present, while Uncle -Sam is giving away billions of dollars, old-age pensions average $30 a month, which is not sufficient to buy 30 square dinners a month. In jolly old England, the home of John Bull, the fellow who makes Uncle Sam jump at the snap of his fingers, old-age pensions average $33.50 a month. I shall never cease to deplore the shame ful and disgraceful way in which we neglect our old peaple. HARRY DANIELS. Would Have D. C. Dogeatcher Operate in Maryland To the Editor of The Star: Takoma Park, Md. has a quarantine on dogs which is not to be lifted until February 15, and police are supposed to pick up all dogs found on the streets. But I have seen the same dogs running wild for days. When the authorities in Takoma Park cannot take their jobs serious ly, could not the dogeatcher or whatever authority carries this responsibility in the District, step over the line? I believe the quarantine touches parts of D. C. I don’t see how any dog owner who knows the least little bit about the seriousness of rabies could be heartless enough to so jeopardize the .lives of others. Can’t some thing be done now? MARJORIE ALLEN. More on the Subject Of Crowded Schools To (he Editor of The Star: The overcrowded situation in the schools is one that is jeopardizing the all-around development of the students. Let us delve into this situation deeper. If in January, 1952, the Spingam High School is ready for use, it will have taken only 23 years to execute a proposal made in 1929. At this time there will be a sum of four high schools in division 10-13 while division 1-9 boasts a total of eight high schools. When should patience end? Statistics compiled since 1890 show the most outstanding change in the American high school to be the growth in mere num bers of pupils. Fifty-nine years has been the span of time required to increase the school population from 300,000 to 6,750,000. We know, of course, that World War n rather upset the equilibrium established in the preceding years, but the same trends presumably will reappear. . If the campaign being conducted by the students of Cardoso High School arouses enough sympathy, it is probable that the Board of Education (which operates on a foundation of public sentiment) will vote on the best solution to the problem. LARRAINE JEFFRIES. Deplores Radio Advertisers* Appeal To Envy Among Children To the Editor of The Star: Why do these "box top” people persist on wanting their little listeners to be the envy of their little friends? They broadcast, "For one box top and a dime you will get a ring that will make you the envy of all your little friends!” Couldn’t they use* some other appeal? Haven’t we enough to contend with in the envy of nations, the envy of politicians, the envy of unions, the envy of big business? Couldn’t we spare the children? MRS. V. E. MILLER. Arnold Line Request for Increase Resented By a Counter of Passengers Carried To the Editor ot The Star: If the Interstate Commerce Commission, or any Virginia regulatory body having jurisdiction over motor bus fares, allowed the petition of the Washington, Virginia & Maryland Coach Co. (Arnold line), for a zonal fare increase of approximately 5 cents, in my opinion, such a decision would be a crime against the people, and the regulatory body ought to be subjected to a thorough public investigation. The Star of November 28 reports the company claims a daily loss of $600 under present fare rates. However, further along in the same story your 'reporter writes: “About 50,000 passengers daily ride the line, which operates between points in Ar lington and Fairfax Counties and the Dis trict of Columbia.” Assuming that your reiiorter knows whereof he writes, it is obvious that a small fare increase of 1 cent per passenger would add $500 daily in revenue, and that an increase of lVi cents would give the com pany approximately $750 in added Income daily. As a patron of the Arnold line, X fre quently count the number of fare paying passengers they crowd onto their buses during the rush hours. And when on oc casion I observe as many as 80 to 100 passengers being carried during one trip through two fare zones, I wonder what part of the $8 extra the company proposes to collect will be used to pay the 17 cents per hour wage hike the operators are claiming, and what part Will be used for purposes other than providing the people of Arlington and Fairfax Counties with an adequate surface transportation system. By my arithmetic it takes about 1ft i hours for the complete run from the down Letters for publication must bear the signature and address oj the writer, although it is permissible lor a writer known to The Star to use a nom de plume. Please be brief. town Washington terminals to Falls Church, and the bus driver would get about 25 cents of the fare increase, while $7.75 would go into the kitty for other purposes. The Interstate Commerce Commission has been in business a long time, in fact since February 4, 1887. As one of the residents of Arlington who has no alternative other than walking, I trust that the slickers who have cooked up this latest petition for a fare increase will not be able to pull thfe wool over the eyes of the Commission’s hearing examiner when it comes to making a full disclosure of operating costs that have no actual relation to the business of hauling the public from and to Wash ington, D. C. PAUL O. PETERS. Outlines Revolutionary Chances In the Arab World To Ui« Editor ot The Star: In his recent visit to the Near East, Jus tice William O. Douglas, addressing the American University of Beirut commence ment, said: “We come as friends, we have no imperialism to impose on you. Some of you may smile and think I speak with my tongue in my cheek.” Many did smile, not because they doubted the Justice’s integrity but because any political statement coming from a big power is bound to be taken with a smile. This cynicism is illustrative of the crisis of political maturity in the Arab world. The Arabs are undergoing several changes in political, economic and intellectual dispo sitions. The nature of the changes emanates from the desires of the Arab people to liber ate themselves from old patterns of thought which have kept them classified among the backward areas. Probably Dr. George Hanna was expressing the intellectual and political attitude of most Arabs when he said: “Unless the plans of the Zaim are backed with scientific considera tion and theoretical background from which to draw solutions to arising problems, any such regime is bound to fail; changes in the Arab world will not be a sudden eruption or an enthusiastic negativism but a change re sulting from the intrinsic demands of the people to survive in the 20th rather than in the 17th century.” No doubt the American University of Beirut is a factor of change whose influence is most widely spread. This institution has become the meeting place of East and West and the cultural center of the Arab world. Under the leadership of President Stephen Penrose new projects are being installed, such as the enlarging of the school of engi neering made possible by oil companies’ contributions and the graduate school for Arabic studies endowed by the Rock feller Foundation. Said Taky Deen, president of the uni versity’s powerful alumni association, re cently said: “The A. U. B. is the best in vestment the United States has undertaken in the Near East. It has served as an offset for many blunders of American policy to ward the Arabs.” Seeking an explanation of the latter remark, he said: “From how things are going it looks as if Americans are interested in two things (1) getting the oil in the tankers, (2) getting the Communists out; in one way or the other Americans are breeding more Communists while they think they are cracking down on them.” In an area like the Near East, where power politics Imposes two alternatives of reactionary status quo and communism, the crisis of democracy and liberalism is truly a story of immense courage and solidarity. Djumblat Wins the Young. Kamal Djumblat, 9 young Druze leader, symbolises more than anybody else this crisis. Coming from an old feudal family, he was expected to follow the pattern of his ancestors. Instead, he revolted against feudalism and exposed the intrigues of all Arab government. He formed with a group of Intellectuals and labor leaders the So cialist Progressive Party. Though he had lost Influence in government circles, and has been harassed in parliament, he has made inroads into the hearts of many young Arabs. Conservative elements dismissed Djum blat as a child and whispered that he was influenced by some crackpot’s magnetism. He is trying to integrate his Indian spiritual disposition with an evolutionary pragmatism into a total philosophy. In his unsettled idealism he has the charm of a saint. Perhaps the most revealing change is the Interest in classical music. Concerts given by Nadine Charmoun are gaining more at tendance. She is considered one of the most inspiring Interpreters of Chopin, Liszt and Strauss. Diana Taky Deen, scheduled for a brilliant musical career, has been urged by European musical experts to continue her studies in Paris or New York. Art is taking a new lease for life. In the field of literature it is noteworthy to observe the impact of rationalism and positivism on a traditional romantic and metaphysical frame of mind. These are far-reaching symptoms of shange in the Arab world. They indicate strength and determination. The revolu tionary nature of change cannot be con trolled but can be influenced. CLOVIS 7. McSOUD. Portraits in Harte’s Bible Book Praised as Pictures of Poor Peasants To the Editor of Tht Star: I agree wholeheartedly with your views on the high merits of Grug Rowe’s artistic portrayals in Houston Harte’s “In Our Im age.” He is to be highly commended for the piercing realism of his work. I am surprised so many of your readers express such ve hement dissatisfaction with his representa tion of biblical characters. Those men were peasants who spent their lives in poverty, performing the hardest types of manual labor. They were assaulted daily by the elements. To picture them as other than red-faced, coarse-skinned, wild haired Individuals would bo to indulge in childish fancy. And who doubts there is more saintliness in one sweating peasant than in a hotel-full of three-tub-a-day Park Avenue socialites? ROBERT J. McGRATH. Prefer* Mr. Stokes* Ancle On Mr. Byrnes’ See in* the Li*ht To tho Editor ot The Star: The writer of your editorial. “Mr. Byrnes Sees the Light” picked the wrong night to run that piece. Across the page was the best writer in Washington. Thomas L. Stokes, who showed what made Mr. Byrnes "see the light.” As an apostle of the Dixiecrats, Mr. Byrnes has come home, to lend an air of re spectability to the machinations of the oil people, out to make a “grab” under the ban ner of States’ rights. A, P. Lenin’s “Flan” terica’s Destruction <To the Editor ot The Star: I wonder if you have published and if your readers have thoughfully read what Lenin, Stalin’s predecessor, wrote shortly before his death: “We shall force the United States to vend Itself into destruction” As was the case concerning Germany, when Hitler told us in his “Mein Kampf” what his plans were., and we, while having ears, heard not, so this Russian leader made plain Russia’s plan. Will we again fall to heed? W. H. K. New Treatment Found For Victims of Angina Some Hopeless Cases Enabled To Walk and Return to Work By Thomas R. Henry A remarkable advance in the treatment of angina pectoris, most painful and disabling of heart maladies, is reported by a Boston physician working under an Office of Naval Research project. Victims bedridden for months and given up as hopeless cases have been put on their feet and enabled to return to work, in a limited fashion at first. The improvement is believed to be permanent, though the treatment as yet is on an entirely experi mental basis. The method devised by Dr. H. L. Blum gart, working with a small group of Harvard Medical School researchers at Boston’s Beth Israel Hospital, is to slow down the activity of the thyroid gland by means of radio active iodine. His reasoning is that anything which slows down the metabolism of the body will be beneficial in angina by relieving the load on the heart. The thyroid is a regu lator of metabolism. The novelty in the new treatment is that an entirely healthy organ is treated to cure a diseased one. Radio-active iodine, for which thyroid tissue has a special affinity, has been used in the past to treat goitre and hyperactivity of the thyroid itself. The success has been somewhat debatable. Dis eased tissue apparently does not attract the element as well as healthy tissue. In Dr. Blumgart’s cases the thyroid itself is per fectly normal. Tissue Destroyed. The radio-active iodine destroys a certain amount of the tissue. Thus the normal se cretion of thyroxine is cut down and the whole tempo of the body slowed to the point where the affected heart can handle the blood flow. Once destroyed, the thyroid tissue never is restored. Thus, unless something else intervenes, any improvement should be permanent. Whatever good can be accomplished us ually is apparent after three or four doses, which can be given by mouth. Patients cease to complain of the excruciatingly pain ful smothering sensation in the chest which usually comes with slight exertion. The results, Office of Naval Research doctors believe, are among the most dra matic yet achieved with the use of radio active isotopes as medicines, rather than as research tools. Even if the results should not hold up over a long period, they say, no harm will be done since radio-active iodine is a short-lived iso tope, which is eliminated by the body in a few days. Dr. Blumgart’s work has been financed in part by a grant from the Atomic Energy Commission. • • • • Atoms of elements as heavy as iron are being found in cosmic rays—the mysterious radiation which bombards the earth from outer space. , , , , Latest tests with the Navy’s 20-mile-high “sky hook” balloons, according to Office of Naval Research physicists, show that the great showers reaching the outer atmosphere of the planet propelled by energies of billions of volts, contain nucleii of the atoms of essentially all the elements from hydrogen to iron. The abundance is about in the same ratio as the abundance of these elements in the composition of the universe, as indi cated by studies of the sun and other stars. The greater part of the radiation is made up of protons, the positively charged particles which make up a large part of the atomic nucleus. These might be considered nucleii of hydrogen, lightest and by far the most abundant of all the elements in the uni verse as a whole. They, in varying degrees, are found the nucleii of such abundant substances as helium, nitrogen, oxygen and carbon. No particle of anything heavier than iron has yet been found, although heavy elements are known to exist. Revisions of Theories Necessary. The findings, Office of Naval Research physicists say, are forcing far-reaching re visions of theories of the origin and nature of cosmic rays. First, tljey settle definitely that they are material particles rather than immaterial bits of radiation like extremely powerful X-rays. The relative abundance is confirming concepts of the chemical make up of creation. » There now are two major theories as to the origin of the radiation, based largely on the Navy findings. One, propounded by Dr. Edward Teller, noted physicist of the University of*Chlcago, holds that they must be emanations from the surface of the sun. The other, of which the chief proponent is Dr. Enrico Fermi, is that—as has been sup posed in the past—they come from the whole body of the Milky Way galaxy, tra versing thousands of light years of empty space to reach the earth. Crucial data on this controversy, it is expected, will be obtained when it is possible to carry out “sky hook” tests at night. In the past these have not been very success ful and most of the reliable data has been obtained in daylight. Questions and Answers k ruder can get the *n*w*r to anj_ quutlon of fact by wrlttn* The EYtninf Star Information Bureau. 318 Ere it. n.e., Waahlntton 3, D. C. Please Indent three (3) cent* for return postal* By THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. Has Edgar Allan Poe’s ’"The Bells’* reference to any specific church bells?— E. M. B. A. The poem was Inspired by the bells of Grace Church, New York. Poe lived for some time in Greenwich Village. Q. Have any States passed laws requiring people to have chest X-rays?—F. H. A. Some States have specific requirements in this respect. The State may require that food handlers have X-rays. In at least six States, the sanitary code provides for reg ular X-ray examinations of all school teach ers. Some States require that foster home parents have their chests X-rayed period ically. In New York, theater matrons are required to have X-rays regularly. Each State varies in its requirements and special health requirements may be invoked. Q. Of what is the ball made that is used in the game of softball?—F. J. L. A. The ball used in playing softball is made of kapok wound with yarn and covered with leather. Q. What Is done with the money obtained through the purchase of duck stamps?—J. O. A. The Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of Interior has jurisdiction over the duck stamp. Ninety per cent of the money realised from the sale of the stamp is used by the Fish and Wildlife Service to supplement other funds for the maintenance of waterfowl refuges throughout the coun try. The remaining 10 per cent is used for printing and distribution of the stamps, en forcement of the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act and other Federal activities for migratory bird conservation. Gulliver, Junior Catch that butter dish before It crashes! He’s not able Whose glass, bewitched, just hit the floor, Whose jam be-decks the table. A sudden Quiliver, he can Be neither deft nor neat, This giant-statured almost-Man Who is all hands and feet! VIRGINIA SCOTT MINER.