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GENERAL ^ ELECTRIC
KITCHENS Planned— Furnished—Installed by JOHN G. WEBSTER ...ONE RESPONSIBILITY TERMS Liberal allowance on yodr eld equipment. Call ST. 6100. (ESTABLISHED 1912) 627 F St. N.W-. ST. 6100 You Are Invited To Open | Your 1950 (EfrriBtmag j&tmttgg ACCOUNT NOWi Iflstrlct 2870 FIRST FCDCRRL SflVIDCS MASS'D Conveniently Located: 110 tSth St. N.W. (bit. F I 8) (No Branch Office*) „ FASTEST OCEAN ROUTH T0 EUROPE Whether you're heading for the French Riviera, Lon don's gay theatre season, or a business meeting, there is no better start to your trip to Europe than Cunard service and cuisine for five or more restful, zestful days. You save money by taking advan*. tage of seasonal rate reductions and devalued European currencies. You enjoy a wider choice of accommodations by travel ling' in the Fall and Winter. CHERBOURG-SOUTHAMPTON QUEEN ELIZABETH Dec. 10 - Dec. 29 - Feb. 23 QUEEN MARY Dec. 17 -<Jan. 12 - Jan. 28 DIRECT TO LIVERPOOL MEDIA Dec. 9 - Jan. 6 - Feb. 17 PARTHIA Dec. 23 - Feb. 3 • Mar. 3 COBH-HAVRE SOUTHAMPTON MAURETANIA Apr. 5—-Apr. 28—May 18 COBH-LIVERPOOL BRITANNIC Apr. 8—May 5—June 1 FRANCONIA *Jan. 20-*Feb. 2«-*Mar. 24 •Via Halifax HAVRE-SOUTHAMPTON CARONIA Apr. 13 - May 4 - May 23 Im your local Travel Ag*n» Cunard White Star l 1504 K N W 1 Budget Meeting Due Today as O'Mahoney Opposes Tax Increase Senator O’Mahoney, Democrat, of Wyoming has joined those who believe raising taxes in 1950 would be a mistake. He believes a better plan would be to revise the tax laws with a view to giving business an in centive to expand, which would produce more revenue without raising rates. The Wyoming Senator’s views are important because he is chair man of the Joint House-Senate Economic Committee, which will recommend broad policies the Gov ernment should follow to achieve maximum employment and a stable economy. Meeting to Be Held Today. One of Senator O’Mahoney’s subcommittees, headed by Senator Douglas, Democrat, of Illinois, will hold a closed session today with > Budget Director Pace on the Gov ernment’s income and outgo. Another subcommittee, over which Senator O’Mahoney will pre side, is preparing to start separate hearings this week on the supply of investment capital. Although Senator OMahoney said he regards it as “a practical impossibility” to raise taxes now, he also contended cutting the Federal budget will not be easy. Says Some Waste Can Be Cut. The committee chairman said he has no doubt that some waste ful spending can be eliminated by Congress. But he added that as an Appropriations Committee member he had found it easier to talk about budget cuts than to make them. “Any attempt to balance the budget by cutting off Government expenditures for such things as highways and fighting stream pollution inevitably would reduce the opportunities for business and cast a wet blanket over tho econ omy." he said. “The only substantial way of re ducing expenditures beyond what the President has attempted is by further curtailing necessary outlays to contain Communism, to prepare for National defense and to meet obligations arising from past wars.” Represent 75% of Coats. He said National defense, In ternational payments, veterans’ benefits, and interest on the pub lic debt rrjow represent 75 per cent of the budget whereas 10 years ago they accounted for only 30 per cent. He said Congress nas difficulty in paring these items. The Wyoming Senator said, however, that surveys by his com-’ mittee indicate “excellent” gen eral prospects for 1950. and that more revenue could be raised by wise adjustments in the tax laws. Meanwhile, former President Herbert Hoover made plans to come back to Washington with his plea tor economy in Govern ment by reorganization. To Speak Monday Night. ,He will speak next Monday night before the National Reor ganization Conference. His theme Wflrbe one that some Republican Party members are voicing as a rallying cry for the 1950 congres sional campaigns—a contention that excess spending and high tpxes are threatening the exist ence of the republic. Speaking at a non-partisan forum, Mr. Hoover is expected to j stick to his main topic that wide spread savings can be made by reorganization of the Government. In a preview of his speech in New York last week, however, he covered a broader field. He said that the principal danger to the republic lies in the attitude of many groups in the country who think they ought to be fed by the taxpayers instead of making a liv ing for themselves. Inflation (Continued From First Page.) Flanders of Vermont, a Repub lican manufacturer and member of the Senate-House Economic Committee who usually votes with the Democratic majority. He said: “I don’t see any reason for any inflation controls at all at this time. I think we are on a pretty even keel right now.” The committee may recommend, however, some change in the Fed eral Reserve Board’s powers over credit and interest—a topic which touched off last week’s squabble between Treasury Secretary Sny der and Federal Reserve Board member Marriner Eccles. All hands admit it is inflation ary for the Government to be pouring into the public's hands $5,500,000,000 a year more cash than it takes away from the pub lic. That is the estimated rate of red ink spending for this fiscal year, ending next June 30. Windfall for Veterans. Another 1950 lift will come in January when the Veterans’ Ad ministration starts handing out $2,800,000,000 in GT insurance re funds. Experience shows that most veterans spend such wind falls quickly. The real wallop may come when the steel, automobile and other industries have figured out the cost of the new pension packages won by organized labor—and then decide whether to raise prices, and how much. One small company, Sharon Steel of Pennsylvania, already has boosted prices $5 a ton. During j negotiations, United States Steel said the pension plan would add $3 a ton to its cost of making steel. Republic Steel is pondering out loud whether an increase is neces sary; Jones and Laugh! in Steel Corp. indicates strongly that prices are going up. Steel price increases could send an inflationary tremor throughout industry. put this^vould have no pro found effect In 1950. It will be THE HONEYMOONERS COME HOME—Vice President Barkley and his bride turned happy faces to the crowd as they arrived at Union Station for a brief stay here._—Star Staff Photo. Barkleys Back in Washington, But Plan More Southern Trips Vice President Barkley has brought his bride home to Wash ington—but only for a day or two. The beaming bridegroom and Mrs. Barkley arrived from New York at 6:40 p.m. yesterday. If he carried her over the threshold of his apartment at 2101 Connecticut avenue N.W. in tra ditional fashion, no photographers were on hand to record it. At the bridegroom’s request, the Barkleys went to their apartment alone. The newlyweds were spending today in a flurry of activity. Calls at their apartment brought the report they were “out and very busy.” After spending a day or two here, the Vice President explained at Union Station, he will go to Boca Raton, Fla., for a speaking engagement Wednesday. The Barkley’s will return to Washington, however, for his speech to the Gridiron Club Sat urday night. Then the speech-interrupted honeymoon will continue at Sea Island. Ga. The newlyweds plan to spend the Christinas .holidays there before returhing. to’ Wash ington for the opening of Congress in January. With the couple on the trip from New York, where the Bark leys spent three days, was Mr. Barkley’s daughter, Mrs. Max Truitt. Greeted at the station by the usual crowd of photographers and reporters, the Barkleys laughed and joked. When one photographer called the bride Mrs. Hadley—her name before she married the Vice Pres ident—she prompted: “Mrs. Bark ley, please.” The photographer said he couldn’t get used to the new name. Mrs. Hadley retorted with a smile that he’d just have to get used to it. As photographers snapped the Vice President’s wide grin, he quipped: “Some of these days, I’m going to have a serious pic ture made of myself.” Reporters complimented the Vice President on his appearance of ebullient good health. "I really feel wonderful,” he re ported. As the chauffeur opened the door of the Barkley car, he con gratulated Mrs. Barkley. “I understand congratulations are in order for you, too,” she re turned. The chauffeur, like his boss, is a newlywed. Mrs. Barkley wore a large clus ter of purple orchids on her black Persian lamb jacket.t . “well Into the year," says United States Steel, before it can figure out the full cost of the new pen sion plan and then decide whether any or all of the cost can be absorbed. Fourth Round Cost Studied, j- All over the Nation, big indus try has its pencils out. The Na tion will learn the cost of the unions’ "fourth-round,” three, six or nine months hence. Dr. Edwin G. Nourse, former chairman of the President’s Coun cil of Economic Advisers, gave this view of 1950 to a reporter: “The danger of inflation get ting out of hand is not imminent —but it’s not out of the question.” As a counter-trend and a break, the process that Dr. Nourse once called "disinflation” still goes on. The motor car and some other industries, which still enjoy lush markets built on pent-up wartime demand, must undergo their "re adjustment” to a buyers’ market, the economists say. Also many millions of dollars in wages or income were lost to workers in the great steel and coal strikes and lesser shutdowns. Sesqui (Continued From First Page.) for the occupants of the tempo rary buildings or money is ob tained from some other sources, the buildings will remain there. Housing officials were unable to give an estimate on the cost of moving the buildings. Relocating them on other park land also probably would meet opposition because the Interior Department is anxious to get all temporary buildings off park property now that the war-granted temporary permits tp use land have expired. If the buildings cannot be moved in time, plans will have to be re vamped to shift the structures for the fair to cleared land to the east in Anacostia Park, near Bennlng road. However, the commission wants to use that area for other purposes in connection with the fair. The Public Housing Administra tion position is that the agency has no funds or legal right to use them for developing a project such as the Sesquicentennial Commis sion has in mind. It likewise does not have any houses for the occu pants of the temporary buildings. PHA officials said they have lo cated some “possibilities,” but said they still are “trying to find the best solution for the problem.” 61 Dwellings Involved. Involved are 61 one-family dwelling units for colored war workers that are owned by the St. Joseph aspirin WORLD S :‘ PGEST SELLER AT IO< IT'S ASPIRIN St Joseph money can buy. _ million* for highest quality* U tab* lets 10c, 100 tablets 45c. Demand PHA but managed by the National Capital Housing Authority. Other buildings involved in the problem are under the jurisdic tion of the Public Buildings Serv ice. They are a girls’ dormitory, Langston Residence Hall, which houses 175 colored girls, Wake Hall, which houses PHA flies and personnel. Recreation Building and infirmary, and Guam Hall, which houses Census Bureau workers. James Ring, assistant director of NCHA, said the agency has no money to move the temporary buildings and no new houses for the occupants. He said the agency is "under obligation to rehouse other families that are being dis placed by the PHA elsewhere. They are in mobile units on sites being turned back to private owners.” Among the other fam ilies that NCHA has not been able to rehouse are some of those who have been living in Schott’s Alley, near First and C streets NJ2„ which is part of the site for the new Senate Office Building, Mr. Ring said. Attempting to House Others. “We are also attempting to re house families that the health de partment is putting out of houses that are being condemned,” he said. Those who were to attend this afternoon’s conference were Boy M. Little, deputy assistant com missioner, and John Dobbs, as sistant commissioner, PHA; John L. Nagle, deputy commissioner for real estate management; L. A. Ziemickl, in charge of District space and leasing, and John C. Junek, manager of residence halls, representing the Public Buildings service of the General Services Agency; John Nolen, Jr., director I of planning of the National Capital Parks and Planning Commission; Mrs. Florence T. Conlin, director of management, representing the NCHA, and Mr. Ring. Amvets Plan January Ball The District Department of the Amvets will hold its National Commander’s Ball honoring na tional commander Harold Russell, on January 25 at the Hotel Stat ler. Many District, Government and business leaders are expected to attend. Reservations may be made by contacting the D. C. De partment of the Amvets. House Reopens Probe Of UEW, Asking Two Top Men of Red Stand •y the Auociated Pr«» The House Committee on Un American Activities reopens an Investigation of the United Elec trical Workers Union today to ask two of Its top officials whether they are Communists. The officials are Secretary treasurer Julius Emspak and the director of the organization, Jesse Matles. Mr. Emspak and Mr. Matles have signed affidavits for the Na tional Labor Relations Board say ing they aren’t Reds. But the CIO recently kicked the union out on grounds it was too far to the left. The committee itself listed Mr. Emspak and Mr. Matles a year ago as “Communist officers’’ of the union. That was in an official pamph let called “One Hundred Things You Should Know About Com munism and Labor.” Committee officials said the two union leaders might be in trouble if they 'refuse to say whether they are Reds.' A labor subcommittee recom mended on December 20, 1948, that they be cited for contempt for such a. refusal, but the case never was pushed. The subcommittee received tes timony from J. B. Matthews, for* mer chief investigator for the Un-American Activities Commit tee, that Mr. Emspak was the “top labor union commissar” of American Communists. He called Mr. Matles an “old-time Com munist.” The committee also planned to hear an official of the Atomic Energy Commission today. The commission once ruled, in effect, that members of the UE couldn’t work on its contracts. China (Continued Prom Pirst Page.) out of Chungking when the Com munists arrived. Gen. Chiang said in his inter view, the first he has granted a foreign correspondent in five months, that Chinese Nationalists on the Asian mainland will fight on at all costs and sacrifices. His armies were reported re treating in the west and retiring from the mainland in South China to Hainan Island, 300 miles southwest of British Hong Kong. National' Gen. Pal Chung-hsi was reported evacuating most of his 250,000-man army to Hainan Island, where Red guerrillas are numerous. Some of his forces reportedly were being left behind to set up bases in the mountains for guerrilla warfare. Communist troops were report ed only 50 miles from Nanning, the provisional capital of Pai’s Kwangsi Province. The city’s fall was expected shortly. In Chengtu, where Gen. Chiang is momentarily, Mr. Moosa re ported most Chinese officials ex pected Sichang, 225 miles to the southwest in the 'mountains of Sikang Province, to be the next provisional capital of the Na tionalists. ' Movement to Taipeh, however, was not considered out of the question. Watchmakers to Meet Willard Cockeram will discuss the Hamilton counter-poised hair spring collet at a meeting of the Watchmakers of Greater Wash ington at 8 pm. Wednesday at the Natural History Building, Tenth street and Constitution av enue N.W. Two films on the Bu lova hairspring will be shown at the meeting. | O N 00 TRIDUUM To The IMMACULATE CONCEPTION Sermons m. By Vory Riv. Ignatius Smith, O.P> Shrine of The Sacred Heart V6th St. and Park Rd. N.W. Maim: 6:30, 7:00, t:00 a.m. Services: 7:30 pjB. . O K 00 Msgr. Sheen to Talk Thursday at Chest Report Luncheon Msgr. Pulton J. Sheen, profes sor of philosophy at Catholic Uni versity and a well-known radio speaker, will address the next general report luncheon of the Community Chest Federation campaign at 12:20 p.m. Thursday in the Washington Hotel. The talk will mark Msgr. Sheen’s first personal appearance at a Red Feather Campaign meet ing here in two years. General Chairman Frank J. Luchs an nounced today. The luncheon, featuring Msgr. Sheen’s appeal, will be made the spearhead of a final aggressive effort to raise the less than $700, 000 still needed to reach the drive's minimum goal of $3,991,719. Chairmen to Get Data. Meanwhile, the Government Unit, with 92 per cent of its goal in hand and $129,000 to raise, was to start a final push for the rest today under the leadership of Sec retary of Labor Tobin. * ' Secretary Tobin will send a spe cial bulletin to the approximately 1,700 division chairmen, showing by detailed breakdown of figures just where each department and agency stands in relation to re spective objectives. The bulletin, seven pages long, is one of the most complete analyses ever issued by the Government Unit. It is Secretary Tobin’s hope that these pin-pointed reports will arouse renewed interest in enroll ing some 17,000 additional givers. At the prevailing average, this effort should carry the Govern ment Unit over its $1,585,411 goal. Tomorrow, two other report meetings featuring returns from the Business I and n units and Alexandria and the four counties will be held at 12:20 p.m. in the Washington Hotel. Goals Are Listed. Advance gifts—Business I will drive for an additional $312,000; Business n for $65,000 more; the residential unit for an added $70,000; the Alexandria Chest for only $6,700 additional and the four campaign organizations in Arlington, Fairfax, Montgomery and Prince Georges Counties for a combined total of approximately $133,487, nearly half of which is assigned to Montgomery County. With the campaign now in its sixth report week. Chairman Luchs pointed out the 10 solicitat ing organizations, including the advance gifts general, are still intact and eager to keep on until the job is done. They began their solicitation in October. Mr. Luchs added that assign ments yet to be reported on cover amply the additional, $619,611 for a victory ceiebratidh.' ’ He will give a report of addi tional funds received at Thurs day’s general report luncheon to a special board jneeUag ypt .the Chest’s 89 board ^directors at <4 p.m," Friday in the American Se curity and Trust Co. Prague (Continued From First Page.) reservation that they would prom ise nothing contrary to the laws of God and the church and “nat ural human rights.” The govern ment said it would not acceptany reservations to the oath. In the letter published yester day the bishops said they acknowl edged “secular power and the right to direct matters of the state and we are willing to support the gov ernment in just administration, but we call for freedom of the church • • *. Beran Among Signers. “Not even in countries where the church is not recognized by the state has the freedom of the church been so restricted as in this country,” the bishops de clared. The letter to the government was signed by all members of the bishops’ council, including the na tion’s primate. Archbishop Josef Beran of Prague, who says he has been interned in his palace here since last June. The clerics’ letter listed five Chest Christmas Bureau Starts Work as Gift Clearing House The Christmas Bureau, a gift sorting and clearing house spon sored by the United Community Services of the Community Chest Federation will begin its first full week of operation today at 1101 M street N.W. The bureau will act as a chan nel between gift donors and those who will receive them. More than a score of volunteers will sort gifts of all kinds for all ages. Mrs. Eva Berkenbilt, director of the bureau, said requests for gifts so far have indicated a need for toys that can be used by groups of children such as wagons, tri cycles, phonographs, records and films for motion picture pro jectors. She reported gifts of food are already pouring in from WMAL announcer Jimmy Gibbons’ Coun try Store on G street between Thirteen and Fourteenth streets N.W.; toys from Bill Herson’s WRC Doll House at Eleventh and G street N.W. from Jerry Strong of WINX at the Christmas Corn er, Seventh and F streets N.W. Public and private welfare agencies, homes and institutions are urged to send in their re quests to the Chrismas Bureau his week. Receipt of applications from such organizations will con tinue through December 12. Ap plications from individuals will be accepted through December 17. Persons who wish to aid may send checks, money orders or gifts to the Christmas Bureau, which will allocate them to the proper agencies. major ways in which the control laws interfered with rights of the church over religious instruction,1 appointments, vacations for priests, church administration and clerical activity. All of these now are subject to government supervision.' New government regulations, said the bishops, “give state offices practically clerical powers, "Bishops can either be ousted or they must become mere instru ments of lay power,” the letter declared. i Coal (Continued From First Page.) Moody, president of the Southern, Coal Producers Association. Laurence T. Tierney, jr., presi dent of the Eastern Coal Corp. of Bluefleld, W. Va., and an official of the SCPA, commented tersley: Meeting Slated Here Today. “The abortive action of these fly-by-nights does not mean legit imate mine operators will follow suit. It is just another attempt by Mr. Lewis to get off the hook he is on.” Mr. Moody and his board of directors are slated to meet in Washington today to talk over the general situation. But no new contract talks are in sight. The union is scheduled to begin negotiations in New York tomor row with the hard coal operators, but a spokesman said Mr. Lewis will not be present. He explained this was because the usual anthracite-UMW bar gaining procedure will be followed. He said that in past years Mr. Lewis has not put in an appear ance' until the discussions were reaching a climax. The anthracite mines, which employ about 80,000 UMW mem bers, are chiefly in Eastern Penn sylvania. Like the soft coal mines, they are under a three-day week on Mr. Lewis’ orders. Historically, the hard coal op erators follow, rather than lead, the soft coal industry. Urges Contract Efforts. Last week, when Mr. Lewis called off his fourth walkout of the year only hours after it start ed, he directed his local repre sentatives to try and get con tracts with individual companies. In the coming weeks he’s ex pected to hammer away at that idea. Meanwhile, the Nation’s coal stockpile, estimated at 30, 000,000 tons, will be cut down gradually. And Mr. Lewis’ bar gaining position will improve. Throughout the country union representatives said the miners had greeted Lewis’ return to work enthusiastically. In Ala bama diggers were quoted as say ing: “Just what we needed for a Christmas present!” Jail Break (Continued From First Page.) Loyal Wood had gone for the: trusty. When they saw Smith on the floor Wagstaff jumped on me.” Mr. Moxley said the men in sisted that he turn over to them the keys which would unlock the outside doors. He said he told them those keys were hidden and that under no conditions would he say where they were. “We kept on struggling,” the jailer said, “and I tried to scream but he (Wagstaff) clapped his hand over my mouth.” Eventually the trusty wriggled free and raced the length of a corridor, where he pulled a cord sounding a siren. The alarm brought immediate response from a group of policemen at head quarters in the basement of the building. By this time, however, the prisoners had heeded Mr. Moxley’s advice and walked back into the cell block. “I’ve been a deputy sheriff for over 21 years,” Mr. Moxley said, “but I never saw anything like this before.” Received Blow on Head. Mr. Moxley received a large bump on the back of the his head and described himself as “very stiff” from the scuffle. Harold Smith, who teamed with Wagstaff in the break, is 24 and lives at Gaithersburg. He is being held on charges of forgery, assault with a deadly weapon, concealing weapons and disorderly conduct. Loyal Wood, 19, of Armore, Okla., is charged with bigamy. Wagstaff’s friends, who were ar rested in last week's attempted jail break are Alfred S. De Agro, jr„ 18, of the 8100 block of Uni versity lane, Silver Spring, and : Leonard W. Lewis, 21, of the 4600 block of Asbury place N.W. Lewis has obtained his release on $1,000 bond. Wafgstaff, who lives in the 5500 block of Grove street, has been in custody repeatedly in several States. 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