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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 05, 1949, Image 9

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1949-12-05/ed-1/seq-9/

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GAS HEAT
Conversions, Furnaces, Boilers
39 Montht to fay on Cat Bill
TA. SOM E. L. POE TA. 3394
Formerly 17 yon with Cm Cowi
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TROUSERS
To Match «/i .95
Odd Coat. up
EISEMAN’Sv—F at 7th
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SAME FAST RELIEF IN ROTH
! Voluntary Codes Set
By Sawyer as Goal in
New Anti-Trust Study
ly the Associated Press
Some voluntary ‘'codes of fair
practice1’ may come out of a broad
new study of Federal policies in
the anti-trust field.
That was one of the major goals
set up by Secretary of Commerce
Sawyer, in announcing plans for
the study. He listed as others:
A reduction of confusion about
existing anti-trust laws and clari
fication for the businesman on
what he can and cannot do legally.
Mr. Sawyer, announcing the
campaign yesterday, said:
“It is my observation, confirmed
by my recent Nation-wide discus
sions with business groups, that
while most businessmen want to
obey the law and try conscien
tiously to do so. there is much
unnecesary confusion at present
as to what the law prohibits and
w'hat it permits."
Truman Indorses Step.
! President Truman himself in
dorsed the idea of seeking volun
tary action rather than swinging
a big stick. The President asked
for recommendations to “encour
age legal and desirable practices,
<and> to discourage and bring
about voluntary abandonment of
illegal and questionable practices.”
Mr. Sawyer released a report on
concentration of production in a
j small number of big firms. It
I showed that in 46 industries doing
a combined annual business of
more than $10,000,000,000. the top
four companies produce more than
75 per cent of all the goods.
Mr. Sawyer said “the problem
of bigness will be on the agenda.”
He was asked whether the cam
paign was undertaken because of
concern over growth of economic
empires or because of a need to
clarify the laws. Mr. Sawyer said
clarification was the major reason. j
Sawyer to Head Committee.
In the study Mr. Sawyer will
head a committee including rep
resentatives of the Justice Depart
ment, Federal Trade Commission
and other agencies which deal
with unfaii- competition, price-fix-,
ing combinations and monopoly.
The Treasury, Reconstruction i
Finance Corp. and probably other
agencies also will take part.
Among the findings in the con
centra tion-of-production report: ;
Three companies make all this
country's aluminum, four compan-j
ies do 95.7 per cent of all business
in the field of telephone and tele-!
grap equipment, four firms make1
91.8 per cent of light bulbs manu
factured, four firms account fori
90.4 per cent of cigarette making. |
Others listed.
Other highly concentrated in-,
dustries, as measured by the per- j
centage of total output contrib- j
uted by the leading four com-j
panies in each, include:
Small arms ammunition, 99.9,
per cent: aircraft propellors, 98
per cent; aluminum rolling and
drawing. 94.2 per cent: locomo
tives. 90.7 per cent: petroleum and
coal products. 88.2 per cent; flat
glass. 88.1 per cent: matches, 82.7
per cent: soap and glycerine, 79
per cent; tires and tubes, 76.6 per
cent.
In 130 industries—those in
which comparisons with 1935 are
possible—the study shows that
the degree of concentration has
increased in 58 industries and de- j
creased in 72.
However, among the biggest in
dustries—those with annual out- 1
put exceeding $500,000,000—there,
were more increases of concentra- j
tion than decreases, by a score of!
14 to 9.
Getting Bigger Share.
In other words, in each of 14
large industries, the four leading
companies were getting a bigger'
share of the total business than
they were 12 years before: in nine
industries they were getting less.
Concentration had increased,
the department found, in steel in
$50, $300, $500, up to $10<X>
FOR ANY GOOD PURPOSE
It YOU NIID CASH to pay hospita] or dental bills, repair
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courteous and friendly attention you receive at HFC.
An HFC loan is the fast, sensible way to pay
$17 A oil your bills in one lump sum. Then repay one
HtSH STAA7 obligation in small monthly instalments arranged
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Payments abort include toils of the loon if re
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Repayment plans at House
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8237 Rhode Island Ave., 2nd Floor
ever Bowling Center, PHONl: wahi*W 3100
«» cilVKi SHIN6 MD
fM4 Georgia Ave, Ground Floor. PHON* sua* «00
AlIXANDRIA, VA.
fll Ktag St , 2nd Floor, PHONfc AU«.»*i. 303a
rn lTfcMu<rH *fiet Hmt»4 te H00m Usi-at ‘he Am mtmiUy
Opon Saturdays Until 1:00 P.M.
dustry blast furnaces, paper board
boxes, synthetic fibers, distilled
liquor, malt liquors, soap, cig
arettes, confectionery, leather,
pulp, wire, cane sugar, soft drinks
and cottonseed oil.
The report measures only the
extent to which production of
goods is concentrated; it does not
measure “economic concentration”
| in terms of the bigness of cor
porations, which may have grown
by branching into new fields. The
FTC has made several reports on
the latter situation.
Neither does the Commerce De
partment study indicate the ex
tent to which one corporation may
control others through stock own
ership. Further, its scope is lim
ited to manufacturing; it does not
cover companies in the retail,
transportation, eommunications or
service fields, such as food store
chains, insurance companies, pub
lic utilities, shipping and rail
roads. Mr. Sawyer said these
would be covered in his commit
tee's future studies.
Bethesda C. of C. to Dine
Robert E. L. Johnson, manager
of branch store planning for
Woodward & Lothrop, will address
a dinner meeting of the Bethesda
Chamber of Commerce at 7 o'clock
tonight at the Kenwood Club.
Archbishop Cushing
Calls Protestant Group
Refined Form of Klan
By th* Associated Press
BOSTON. Dec. 5.—The Most
Rev. Richard J. Cushing, Roman
Catholic archbishop of Boston, has
denounced a Protestant group as
a “refined form of the Ku Klux
Klan.”
The archbishop named Protest
ants and Others United for Sep
aration of Church and Stale yes
terday in one of his most vigorous
speec hes.
Called Modern A. P. A.
“The activities of organizations
like Protestants and Others United1
for Separation of Church and!
State are, of course, the modern!
form of the old A. P. A., and the
refined form of the Ku Klux
Klan," the prelate declared.
«A. P. A. were the initials of
the American Protective Asso
ciation, a late 19th Century 1
anti-Catholic organization
which now is defunct.)
Archbishop Cushing told the
annual convention of the Arch
diocesan Union of Holy Name
Societies “it is most important to
remember that these people do
At
SLOAN’S AUCTION GALLERIES
715 Thirteenth Street
English. French and American Antique and Modern Fur
niture, Large Collection of Oriental Rugs in Room and
Scatter Sizes, Valuable Paintings by Artists of Note,
Chinese Furniture and Art Objects, Sevres, Capo di Monte,
Coalport. Meissen, Wedgwood, Limoges, Porcelains, Fine
Table Linens, Satsuma, Kutani Imari Ware. Table China
and Glassware, Sterling Silver and Plated Ware, Chinese
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Draperies, German Steins, Mirrors, Lamps, Etc., Including
Many Articles Suitable for Christmas Presents.
AT PUBLIC AUCTION
Within Our Galleries
715 THIRTEENTH STREET N.W.
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From the Estate of Ella Mace Spalding; Colonel
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ON EXHIBITION
Today, 9 to 6
C. G. SLOAN & CO., Inc.
Auctioneers and Appraisers
ESTABLISHED 1891
not speak for all, or even most of
our non-Catholic neighbors.”
The archbishop said that “our
people are in a very precarious
position, thanks to the extremely
hard, though evil, work which
contemporary anti-Catholics have
done.”
Says Prejudice Is Created.
He referred to the Protestants
and Others United for Separation
of Church and State and said:
"The damage they are ac
complishing in creating prejudice
on the one hand and uneasiness
on the other is very considerable,
indeed.”
In Atlanta Dr. Louie D. Newton,
a prominent Baptist and chairman
of the Executive Committee of the
Protestant group, .said “it’s just
another instance of resorting to
abuse when you have no argu
ment.”
‘ ’The leaders of our organiza
ttion are nationally respected
churchmen,” Dr, Newton said,
“They include such men as the
head of the Princeton University
Divintiy School and the presidents
of several colleges and universi
ties.”
Tragedy Follows Tragedy
In Paris a man shot and killed
his sweetheart, shot himself
through the head, fell down
stairs, drove off in his car. wrecked
it in a ravine and dropped dead
at the sight of two gendarmes.
Since 1919
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He has the spirit ot service
on the job
... and off the job
The “spirit of service” is more than a phrase
or slogan to telephone men and women. We see it in
action every day of the year. It may be an
operator making an all-out effort to get an urgent
call through. It may be a gang of linemen
working all night to rebuild a damaged cable line.
You also see it in the interest telephone
people take in their home town. They may
be active in your church or service club.
They help in Scout work, in school associations and
welfare campaigns.
In short, our folks with the spirit of
service are interested not only in better telephone
service, but also in helping to make your
town a better place to live.
Hm CHsiopseks It Potomac
Totophono Company
FINE VALUES in
QUALITY FOODS!
Dole or Del Mo«te
piNEAPPLE
JUICE
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
EXTRA LARGE ICEBERG
Lettuce 2 h*od‘ 25*
FLORIDA LARGE JUICY
Oranges ,76SII^, 33*
PASCAL (36's)
Celery
LOUISIANA
Yams
large
stalk
15
PORTO RICAN
3 - 35«
FROSTED FOODS
BIRDS IYI OR STOKELY'S
Peas 2 K 49*
STOKELY'S CUT
CLOSE-TRIMMED
’%teati
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PORK CHOPS
* 39,
11A |i w \rr~_
FANCY 5LIC10
CODFISH
STEAKS
l\\ *• 33*
111 Qoian Pircfc *U<H * m
LEAN, FRESHLY
GROUND
BEEF
»>- 49C
MORRELL'S PRIDI
SLICED BACON
" 53c
Tomatoes t£2m? 2 2T«
Bartlett Pears mmti ™!s 31*
Applesauce 2 23e
Pork & Beansc<,mpb'"'* 2 «V„b, 23*
Sauerkraut 2"^ 23*
Green Giant Peas 19c
Niblets Corn 2 33c
Apple Butter S 2 *£ 33*
Tomato Soup c”mpk*"'* 3 “n* 31e
Pink Salmon s™£m «!! 39c
Sardines 3 - 25*
Salad Dressing »« 39e
_ STRAWBERRY
Preserves ann page
Tomato
LIBBY
|ar
35e
r 27c
20 ez.
VERMONT MAID
Pancake Flourj.An2>4'. 33*
27*
b«37«
«> 45*
Syrup
Family Flour
Mild Cheese
Milk
Tide,
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12 ox.
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Above Deity Frieee IHectiv* in D. C. Only

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