2 Park Police Privates
Get Civic Awards for
A park policeman and police
woman who pretended they were
on a date in order to capture a
rapist, received medals for their
ingenuity and courtage today from
Secretary of Interior Chapman.
The secretary pinned the bronze
awards on Pvt. Gertrude E. Wil
son, one of five women members
of the Park Police, and Pvt. Wal
ter R. McEwen. The medals were
given in behalf of the Lincoln
Pvts. Wilson, 36, and McEwen,
38, both of whom are colored,
were chosen by the 300-member
association as “public servants
who have rendered the most out
standing service to the com
30 Attend Ceremony.
Dr. E. F. Harris, association
president, explained to more than
30 persons gathered in the secre
tary’s office for the presentation
that the association’s area had
been “terrorized by a felon as
aaulting and raping women, some
times in the presence of male com
panions.’’ A student on her way
to Francis Junior High School,
Twenty-fourth and N streets N.W.,
was attacked and a teacher was
threatened. Dr. Harris said.
“Night classes at the school
were about to be closed when the
felon was captured by the park
police team,” he said.
Pvts. Wilson and McEwen were
assigned to the case December 5.
1948, after a 14-year-old colored
girl was attacked and her life
threatened at Banneker Recrea
tion Center, Georgia avenue and
Euclid street N.W.
“We played the old police theory
that a criminal returns to the
scene of his crime,” Pvt. McEwen
recalled. Sometimes he and Pvt.
Wilson held hands in their effort
to look like a “couple” out stroll
ing.” Pvt. McEwen said, as they
walked the playground from 4
pm. to midnight.
On the second day they found
the man who answered the de
scription of the attacker and ar
rested him. As a result, William
H. Massey, 37, colored, is now
serving from 4 to 12 years on four
Chapman Praises Group.
Secretary Chapman congratu
lated Dr. Harris in bringing the
public service performed by the
‘two privates to the public’s atten
Pvt. McEwen has been a park
policeman for three years. He lives
at, 843 Twenty-first street N.E.
Pvt. Wilson, who lives at 4542
Eads street N.E.. has been a
policewoman for five years. Both
are married and both are from
PARK POLICE EARN MEDALS—Secretary of Interior Chapman (right) awards a medal to Mrs.
Gertrude E. Wilson and Walter R. McEwen (second from left), who are privates in the Park
Police force. Dr. E. T. Harris (left) is president of the Lincoln Civic Association, which spon
sored the awards. * —Star Staff Photo.
Foreign Aid Program Hinges
On Expanded Trade. NAM Told
ly th« AueciatMl trait
NEW YORK, Dec. 7. — The
United States will lose most ob
jectives of its vast foreign aid
spending unless it closes the for
eign trade gap by greatly expand
ing exports, the National Associa
tion of Manufacturers was told
The 3,000 big and little busi
nessmen who flocked here yester
day for the 54th annual Congress
of American Industry also re
ceived a proposal by the NAM di
rectors that a uniform manufac
turers’ excise tax be levied on fin
ished, or end, products.
This suggested tax would re
place retail and miscellaneous ex
cises, except on liquor and tobac
co, which would be retained. Food
and food products would not be
taxed. Revenues from the manu
facturers’ excise would amount to
about $4,000,000,000 annually, the
total obtained from present ex
cises, the directors estimated.
Delegates gathered for the open
ing session today to hear Curtis
E. Calder, chairman of Electric
Bond & Share Co., Economic Co
operation Administrator Paul G.
Hoffman, Secretary of Defense
Johnson and Walter Chamblin,
jr„ NAM vice president in charge
of the Washington office.
Predicting that the United
States will be forced to discon
tinue large-scale foreign aid after
1950, Mr. Calder declared it is
obvious “we cannot continue in
definitely to pour our national
wealth and substance in unre
And. he added, a workable solu
tion toward elosing the foreign
j trade gap must be found before
; the European recovery program is
Unless the problem is solved, he
said, the United States will be
j faced with the disquieting altern
j ative of continuing foreign aid or
! of losing most of what it has ven
! tured in its postwar program.
The solution most compatible
j with the role of the United States
as a creditor nation, he said, is
expansion of imports.
Mr. Hoffman told the indus
trialists and businessmen that the
cold war in Europe must be won.
“At best,” he said, “we will have
to become a garrison state on a
war footing, with the return of
controls, allocations, rationing
and all the rest of the war setup.”
The first of three days of con
ferences at the Waldorf-Astoria
opened with discussion of Amer
ica’s problems in foreign trade.
It was sparked by Mr. Calder,
who heads the NAM’s Interna
tional Relations Commttee.
Mr. Calder listed three alterna
tives in the effort to balance ex
ports and imports—substantial re
duction of exports; a material in
crease in foreign investments; a
large scale expansion of imports.
The expansion of imports, Mr.
Calder said, appeared most com
patible with our world role as a
j creditor nation, but he added the
foreign trade gap might be
bridged ultimately by a combina
tion of the three.
A substantial reduction in ex
ports. he said, might create serious
repercussions in the domestic
economy of the United States.
Expansion of private loans and
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investments abroad would be only
a partial solution, he said, be
cause the investments would have
to be serviced and additional
dollars would be needed for this
The increase of imports, he said,
might adversely affect some ele
ments of industry and agricul
ture at home.
But, he added, imports are rec
ognized as a means for drawing
on the productivity of other lands
and a necessity of assuring our
Concern Over Economic Future.
Stockpiling of strategic mate
rials, Mr. Calder suggested, might
be considered as a national de
fense measure and a means of
bolstering depleted mineral re
He said, too, there is a growing
concern over the future of our
economic system, which, he added,
is increasingly burdened by heavy
taxation, inflated costs and the
increasing interference of Gov
ernment in our economic affairs.
Mr. Hoflman spoke of the cost
of foreign aid—approximately
$15,000,000,000 from Mart to finish.
But Mr. Hoffman compared the
cost with the $350,000,000,000 to
$380,000,000,000 World War II
cost the United States and asked
that the $15,000,000,000 be meas
ured against the goal—"the kind
of peace under which free men
If we lose the cold war,' Mr.
Hoffman said, it means huge
deficits. Instead of the $13,000,
000,000 we now contemplate
spending annually on defense, he
said, our budget for that purpose
would be possibly doubled.
Johnson Pledges Budget Cut-.
Mr. Johnson, speaking on the
anniversary of Pearl Harbor,
pledged a savings in the cost of
sperating his department.
He said the $15,000,000,000
budget of 1949-50 for his depart
British Bid lor Closer
By tht Associated Pross
LONDON, Dec. 7.—Britain’s bid
for closer economic ties with
Scandinavia met with some skep
ticism today in some West Eu
The general reaction was that
it was a good idea, but probably
won’t be put into effect for a
Britain’s recent invitation to
Denmark, Norway and Sweden to i
talk about better integration of
trade and economy was viewed by
some politicians and economists
as an attempt to meet recent de
mands by Paul O. Hoffman, Mar
shall Plan chief, that Europe
break down trade barriers for
closer economic co-operation.
•The three Scandinavian gov
ernments already are in touch
with each other on the matter
and have shown willingness to
discuss the whole -problem with
Skepticism has arisen princi
pally out of Britain’s traditional
refusal to tie her pound sterling
economy too closely with any
other nation outside the Com
monwealth. Some Scandinavians'
have adopted a “wait and see”
attitude; they want to see just
how far Britain will go toward
Danish financial circles already
have declared that Britain’s sug
gestion for freer movement of
currencies and goods is not as
simple a problem as the British
say it is. They say many other
problems have to be solved first.
A Swedish informant wanted to
know if Britain would allow her
pounds to be converted into dol
lars—something she almost went
broke trying to do two years ago.
ment will be reduced in 1950-1
And, he added, the reduction
will be made without any lessen
ing in the Nation’s state of pre
“Our defenses will be appre
ciably improved,” he said. “There
will be less waste, less duplication
and more efficiency.”
He promised America will be
ready for “any future 4-o’clock
Mr. Chamblin urged the Na
tion's businessmen to get into pub
lic affairs if they wished to save
the private enterprise system.
"If you do not interest yourself
in matters of politics and legisla
tion." he said, “then the vast prop
erties which you own will be man
aged and directed by those who
neither understand nor care about
He said the Southern Democra
tic-Republican leaders estimate a
change of about 12 Senators and
30 House members in next year’s
election would give President Tru
man actual as well as numerical
control of Congress.
Bandits Who Knew Name
Rob Jewelry Salesman
•y thi Atiociatcd Pr««»
DES MOINES. Iowa. Dec. 7.—
A New York jewelry salesman was
robbed of $30,000 to $40,000 In
gems late last night by two thieves
who called him by his first name.
Detective Capt. Robert E.
O’Brien said the salesman, Henry
Nevens, gave this account:
Mr. Nevens alighted from the
Omaha train in the Des Moines
station last night. Two men
ranged themselves alongside him,
“Pardon us Henry, but you're
going for a walk.”
They forced him to walk 75
feet down the tracks with a gun
in his ribs, took two packets of
gems from him and then pushed
him between a freight car and a
building. They left, saying:
"Stand right where you are,
Henry. We don’t want to hear
anything out of you."
Douglas fir spreads over 70 per
cent of the northwestern United
Dimes Drive Leaders
Special Dispatch to The Star
FREDERICKSBURG, Va., Dec.
7.—J. Thomas Pitts and Walter
Lowry, jr.( have been appointed
co-directors of the 1950 March of
Dimes campaign in Fredericks
burg and Spotsylvania County.
The new director for Stafford
County is Mrs. Sidney Snellings.
The 1949 sum collected in Fred
ericksburg was $4,171 and in Staf
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