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Climax Believed Near
In Struggle Between Lewis and Truman Mine Union Boss in Jam, Hopes for An Injunction To Blame Government By David Lawrence The inside story of the strange maneuvers of both the White House and John L. Lewis in the critical situation that has arisen in the coal industry is the story of an incredible struggle between the President of the United States and the most powerful boss union labor has ever known. | Mr. Lewis is in a jam. To'get out of it he wants to see an in junction issued that will enable him to blame the Government and yet order the miners back at work. President Truman,is in a di lemma, too. He has used the powers of the Taft-Hartley Act several times and because he is reluctant to ask for an other in junction now, he is being accused of an unwillingness to utilize the very law he has asked Congress to repeal. So the President has hesitated, hoping against hope that Mr. Lewis would enter into some com promise agreement with the mine operators that would end the in termittent work stoppages. Last to Compromise. But Mr. Lewis has won many a fight by persistence. He wields an economic power which few men ever have been able to exer cise before. He never makes a compromise until the last ounce of pressure has been exerted. The President has known for some time that Mr. Lewis has a weak case and that the mine operators have enough economic strength to stand the strike even though it is pinching them con siderably. Should Mr. Truman ask for the Injunction and give Mr. Lewis an out? His advisers have told him to stand pat. But Mr. Lewis knows how to force the issue. The so called “rebellion” of the miners who wouldn’t go back to work after Mr. Lewis “suggested” it and are now “ordered” to go back isn’t a rebellion at all. It is part of the system of complex manipulation of local unions which is inherent in any movement where the dicta tor operates through secret orders to his henchmen. Because Mr. Truman wouldn't order an injunction to be issued, claiming that no "emergency” ex isted, Mr. Lewis promptly began to help create the very emergency that would bring the injunction. He may succeed. Solves Nothing. An 80-day injunction, however, solves nothing. It merely post pones the existing situation. But after 80 days the bargaining posi tion of Mr. Lewis will be weakened because, if the miners obey a court order and go back to work, the country will be closer to spring when demands for coal begin to taper off. Another type of injunction Sought by Robert Denham, coun sel for the National Labor Rela tions Board, cannot bring the miners back to work unless Mr. Lewis wants to grab that device as a means of extricating himself from the jam. Actually one of the kinds of in junction that the Taft-Hartley law permits under the various al legations just outlined by Mr. Denham is subject to prolonged argument in court. It took months for this type of injunction to be litigated recently in the In ternational Typographical Union dispute. Both Senator Taft, Re publican, who helped write the present law, and Senator Thomas of Utah, Democrat, who is trying to get it repealed, agree that the Denham injunction cannot end the strike even though it can ob tain court orders to make Mr. Lewis bargain “in good faith”—a rather flexible point yet to be tested when an ingenious tactician like Mr. Lewis is at the receiving end of such an order. The struggle cannot go on much longer. The whole business situa tion may be adversely affected by 'it. especially if the so-called "re bellion” actually closes down more and more of the mines. Then the President will act and it may be assumed that a Federal court will order the men back to work for 80 days. The climax isn’t far off (Reproduction Rithts Reserved) TROUSERS 1 To Match C J QSJ § Odd Coat, up i EISEMAN’S—F at 7th f SPECIAL SALE! 1 Steel \ Lockers | for trai, schools, churches’ > Institutions, stor s »** space. A call able in groups of 3 openings or :• more. Comes with > legs or flush to floor. Made of : heavy steel. Each opening Is 6'xl2"g 13" reconditioned. I $4-95 S I _ Per Opening lOjbkWBJij Brakes Relined Whilo You Wait FORD '39-'48 j PLYMOUTH - CHEVROLET L • Fraa Adiuttmentt far Ufa at Hniaaa Daalleat* at D. 0. Teeilnr KatUit CLIFT'S <!1 Md. Art. S.W. Ml. <232 At «tk A Independence At*. S.W.. • Macke from D. C. Teetinr Itati**, C. I. Kaate* 1 and M. This Changing World New Russian Diversionary Moves Expected by Diplomatic Observers By Constantine Brown The time is approaching, ac cording to a number of diplomatic and military observers, when a new Russian blowup should be expected some where in Eu rope or the Near East. These observ ers do not claim to have positive information as to when and where it may happen. Their fears are based principally on the Russian strategy of cre ating diver sions in one Constmntine Brown. sector of the world in order to help themselves in another. The Berlin blockade and airlift are mentioned as particular in stances of Russia’s deceptive diplo matic strategy. From the strictly military point of view Berlin was of no conse quence either to the Russians or the Western Powers. At the time when the blockade was established Moscow’s plans for the conquest of China had ripenetl. “Incidents” Cooked Up. The reorganization of the Chi nese Communist armies Jiad been completed and they were facing fairly efficient Nationalistic forces, which were weakened by the State Department’s undeclared embargo on arms shipments. The Nationalist forces were sup ported, however, by the America* Congress. The Republican-domi nated 80th Congress was deter mined to carry out the commit ments of President Roosevelt to the Nationalist government. More over, at that time—the winter of 1948—President Truman himself wished to follow the policies of his predecessor. It became essential to distract the minds of the American Gov ernment and its people from the Par East. The Berlin “incidents” and blockade then were cooked up. This was countered by an Amer ican-British move in which pres tige took precedence over military necessity. We were not going to be pushed out of the shambles of the former German capital by the Russians, it was said, and the spectacular airlift was decided on as an answer to the Soviet block ade. For more than a year the atten tions of the Western peoples were focussed on Berlin. Whenever it appeared that public attention in America and Western Europe was relaxing, as the airlift became routine, inflammatory incidents— such as collisions between airlift planes and Soviet flghters-*-were concocted by the Russian authori ties. This revived Western inter est and rumbles of an immediate war between East and West began to spread in the West. But all this time the real Soviet action was taking place on the Chinese mainland. With America chiefly interested in the airlift, lit tle thought could be given to China. Reds Gained Objectives. The Nationalist armies gradu ally lost heart, while the Chinese Communist forces gained strength. Finally the Russians gave up their spectacular plan of decep tion in Berlin and lifted the block ade. By this time, however, they had achieved their objectives. The Soviet puppets in China de feated the Nationalists. Moscow helped itself to three juicy slices— Mongolia, Sinkiang and Man churia, while the rest of that vast country was placed under the leadership of Moscow’s Charlie McCarthy—Mao Tze-tung. By the time we awoke to what had happened to us in the Far East it was too late. We were faced with an accomplished fact in China, alteration of which we are neither willing, prepared nor capable. We discovered belatedly—de spite statements to the contrary by those who muffed the ball— that our strategic position in the Pacific and Indian Oceans had been dangerously weakened. The arguments advanced by the ad ministration supporters, both in and out of Congress, and the un precedented official attacks on Chiang Kai-shek, chief of state of one of our allies, are clear indica tion that American officials feel our policy may have missed lire. While we were looking across the Atlantic the Soviets stole China. Now we are looking across the Pacific, wondering what happened. It is probable that this interest on the part of politicians and the people in general will con tinue for some time. Meanwhile, the Russians are suspected, and not without well founded reason, of preparing to resume their diversionary tactics somewhere in Europe or the Near East. On the Other Hand Troubles of a Statesman Who Would » Like to Keep the Lions From Roaring By Lowell Mellett There was a time, many years ago, when Dean Acheson could de vote to his own family some of the same attention he now gives to the family of nations. One sunny Sunday afternoon i n that period he* spoke to his small son, say ing, "David, would you like for me to take you to the zoo to see the lions?” David considered the proposition and replied, “Yes, Father, but for L®w*u Meiutt. God’s sake, don’t let them roar!” The present Secretary of State, himself the son of a bishop, was moved to wonder where his son had picked up such language. He was moved even more to wonder how his son had acquired such faith in a father’s powers. As for the task the boy gave him, he made no promise he couldn’t be sure of keeping; he said only that he would do the best he could. Characteristic of Man. This was characteristic of Mr. Acheson then, as it is now. He promises to do no more than his best, even when asked to do the impossible. Since at times, how ever, it is a brilliant best he has come through his first year in one of the world’s most difficult jobs in a manner to arouse general admiration. He hasn’t kept the lions from roaring, of course. With some of our own statesmen, and former statesmen, prodding the lions through the bars, at what they deem a safe distance, that hasn’t been possible. Nor has he been any more able than anybody else to keep the jackals quiet. The jackals, journalistic and political, are in full cry now, demanding his blood—his resigna tion. This, to be sure, they know they won’t get. First, because the President, taking satisfaction from the Secretary’s intelligence and courage, would not accept the resignation. The President and the Secretary see eye to eye in the situation that is causing their critics so much real or pretended anguish. Second, because the policy of avoiding any action that might precipitate a third world war is meeting with the instinct ive approval of the American people. It is a policy that calls for patience and patience is not al ways a comfortable virtue. In the face of Communist provoca tions, in which the Chinese are becoming as adept as the Rus sians, the temptation to abandon restraint and start shooting grows strong. Sense of Proportion. It is a policy that calls for some sense of proportion. We need to remember the picture of the United States that has de veloped in the minds of the Chi nese Communists as a result of the aid we have given the Chiang regime and of the loud demands, loud enough to be heard across the Pacific, that we continue this aid to the bitter end. It is a policy that calls, above all, for some sense of history. The Secretary expressed a little of this in his notable speech last week before the National Press Club. Calling attention to the fact that 500 million people had won their independence in Asia since the end of the war, he said this was due largely to two fac tors: First, a refusal any longer to accept poverty and misery as the normal condition of life; second, a refusal any longer to accept foreign domination, either colonial or imperial. The people of Asia, he said, were determined to direct their own, lives and make their own mistakes. He indicated, by inference, that this is a determination we cannot propefly oppose. Since this ac cords with the philosophy of most liberty-loving Americans, the Secretary should be able to count on its eventual acceptance. But it isn’t easy for most of us to be philosophical when we are annoyed and the Chinese Com munists have become annoying. All the Secretary can do, and what he is trying to do, is to make our policy clear and so to pacify them before the present snarling becomes a roar, not only in China but throughout all the jungles of Asia. Heor ROD HENDRICKSON—Tues. and Thurs., 4:30-4:45, WTOP LOUIE —By Harry Hananj E2L=£ Il 111 lit ■ Matter of Timing Democrats Need Every Possible Vote To Stave Off Dixiecrats in House By Doris Fleeson Because the Democrats would not bury their Dixiecrats yester day, tomorrow they may have to bury civil rights, the Fair Deal and the Tru man budget. House leaders admit that as matters stand they are at the mercy of Dixie crat Gene Cox of Georgia with respect to the timing of a vote on the resolu tion to return the Rules Com mittee to its former dicta torship over D#rl* *>«*»«■• legislation. Hence their frantic efforts to fix Friday as the date for a vote. Any certain day is better for them since they can then get all their people to stand by. They admit they can't keep their Congress men from the big cities of the East on hand for an indefinite period. Boon to Phone Company. They need every vote they can get, too. The rules fight is a boon to the telephone company; the White House, National Com mittee and legislative leaders are on the wire steadily advertising their plight and demanding that all good men come to the aid of the party. A year ago these same plead ers were complacently holding out the olive branch to Dixiecrat Cox and other members of Congress who tried to defeat the Truman slate. Instead of listing them as Dixiecrats and reassigning tham to committee posts as freshmen, they allowed them to return to their ranking posts on crucial committees. They could detour these rebels, explained the peace makers, by a change in the House rules. It worked — last year. Whether the detour can be sus tained is this year's problem and a bigger one. Last January the President was at the peak of his influence. That always slips in off-years and there are signs, too, that the anti spending campaign is taking hold. The rules change won last year. 275-143, following a caucus in which Democrats were “bound” to it. Leaders claim now that the caucus still is binding but the safely seated Southerners dispute it. Chastened by the Truman vic tory, 82 Southerners voted for the change. So did 49 Republicans, chiefly from city districts where the Fair Deal is popular. Must Hold Republicans. Unless they can hold most of those Republicans, the Fair Deal ers stand an excellent chance of returning to the “papa knows best” control of the Republican Southern rules coalition. The coalition is frankly promising to pigeon-hole spending programsr which has a big appeal to Repub licans. But the Republicans are not altogether happy. The coalition’s price is death also to civil rights and the party of Abraham Lincoln has been caught a little too fre quently playing footie with the Southerners on that issue for the best possible public relations. It was clear from the wrangling on the House floor that most of them do not relish being trapped pub licly once more. Republicans will strive to ex tricate at least one civil rights bill. It is not impossible that Demo crats Cox, Smith, Colmer and company will yield In order to ge* a free hand with the axe on the rest of the Fair Deal. They can figure that the Southern Senators will filibuster, aided by the stiff ened cloture rule passed by a GOP-Southern Senate coalition last year.__ On the Record Policy Advanced by Acheson for China Declared ‘So Extremely Comfortable’ By Dorothy Thompson The Secretary of State, Dean Acheson, speaking at the National Press Club last Thursday, ad vanced a policy for China (and we presume, for the rest of the world) which has all the charm of extreme novel ty. “The single, most important fact shaping American pol icy in the Far East,” Mr. Ach eson said, “was the attaching by the Soviet Union Of the »«r*thr ThompiM. four Northern areas of China." The United States must not now do anything which might divert Chinese attention from Russia, he continued, for the division of China “must bring upon the Rus sians the hatred and righteous anger of the Chinese people." Planned It That Way? Be we planned it that way? The reason for the secret treaty at Yalta, giving Russia special privileges in Manchuria, was Just to encourage Russia to overreach herself? The reason for forcing the truce upon Chiang Kai-shek in November, 1945, and allowing tens of thousands of Communist troops to escape; and for insisting in 1946 that the Kslgan Pass be opened to permit a million Communists to move into Man churia and be armed by the Rus sians with the entire equipment of the Japanese Kwantung army, was to be sure that by Russian encroachment in China, the Chi nese people would recognize their real enemy? Do we, perhaps, have a secret agent in the Russian Politburo who directed the Soviet Union to annex the four Northern prov inces of China, since this is going to make the Chinese "people” awfully sore? We don’t like the Nationalist government (runs the argument), so it is well for the Communists to defeat it. But coqamunism being synonymous with Russian imperialism is “hostile to the real interest of the people of China,” and they will revolt. Ergo, the more successful Russian com munism is, the less successful it will be. No wonder George Kennan, author of the containment policy, resigned from the State Depart ment! To contain communism is "putting the cart before the horse,” said Secretary Acheson. “It is the United States’ aim to develop within the people a re sistance to communism based on the dignity and right of every people to develop their own way • • • any one who violates the integrity of China is the enemy of China and is acting contrary to our own interest.” But, apparently, you can’t de velop a resistance to communism until you first have it, nor rise in righteous anger against the vio lation of territorial integrity until it is violated. This is certainly a subtlety out subtling the Kremlin. Another Tito, Obviously? What we want to know, how ever, is just how the indignation of the Chinese (and other) peoples is going to express itself once the Russian noose is around their necks and all anti-Commu nist leaders assassinated or exiled? There are at present some mil lion Nationalist guerrillas on the Chinese mainland. There are 300,000 Chinese Nationalist troops (trained by the United States) in Formosa. There is a leadership, now very reduced, but still a leadership, and all these express “the hatred and righteous anger of the Chinese people.” But we mustn’t support them. No, we must wait for something more Inspiring—obviously another Tito. Maybe Secretary Acheson has one in mind. We suggest, however, that the Russians have thought of that possibility, and aren’t goihg to let it happen twice. „ At any rate, we have a new foreign policy, surely the most re markable in our history—and so extremely comfortable. Under it we don’t have to do a thing except "keep our own purposes perfectly straight, perfectly pure, perfectly aboveboard," and our enemies will do all the rest for us! Stalin doesn’t know it, but he’s our ally. The more peoples he sub jects, the more he will be hated and, conversely, the more we, sitting still in our perfect purity, will be loved. Obviously, too, we were wrong about Hitler. If we had just let him take the world, people would have been plenty sore, and would have revolted—the Jews, for in stances. It is incredible. But it’s true; It’s the policy. (fUleued by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.) FLAKY EVERY TIME WITH FLAKO PIE CRUST MIX Your pie crusts can’t fail with Flako. Flako ingredients are pre cision-mixed for sure results at every baking. And no other pie crust mix has been able to equal Flako quality. Just add water. McLemore— Hope Still Dwells In Warm Springs By Henry McLemore WARM SPRINGS, Ga.—From the Warm Springs Foundation an nual report: “So it was, in 1927, that gentle men in plus fours collected their golf clubs and checked out o f Meriwether Inn. Ramps re placed the front porch stairs, and men, wom en and children in wheelchairs, on crutches or witfi canes, checked in. Women in crisp white uniforms replaced women in sports clothes. "And an unseen guest checked; into an old inn. Not as a tran sient but as a permanent resident. "Her name was Hope.” And Hope is still there, 23 years1 later, touching all the patients, j who come from all over the world —from Colorado to Colombia, from Texas to Turkey. No Unhappy Faces. I have yet to see an unhappy face at Warm Springs, even on those who know in their hearts that they never will walk again but will always remain twisted and torn by polio. If you have ever felt sorry for; yourself, indulged in self-pity, then you should come here and watch the patients as they laugh and joke from their chairs and crutches and braces as they gather for ^ meal, or when they pack the movie theater, some on stretchers, or when they worship in the lovely little chapel, or when they put on a wheelchair review. You should see, too, their bub bling will to be strong and well again, as they wait in the brace shop for an adjustment on a brace, or a fitting for a pair of shoes, or a spinal jacket, or long leg braces or long leg splints. I have seen “South Pacific,” “Kiss Me, Kate," “Mr. Roberts,” and most of the other top musical shows of the past 20 years, but no show ever got me quite as much as did a wheelchair review. All From Wheelchairs. All the performers work from wheelchairs, or depend upon canes, braces and crutches to move about. The scenery and costumes are all handmade. They do the Virginia Reel, and a good one, too, in wheelchairs. They turn tragedy into high comedy with skits based on the morning baths in the swimming pool and the physiotherapy given by the nurses. The first impulse of the spectator is to cry, but he finds himself laughing long and loud with the patients. I mentioned this in my column yesterday, but I want to repeat it again—it is a serious miscon ception to believe that the March of Dimes campaign is for Warm Springs, and Warm Springs alone. The foundation gets its share, and no more. The money raised is spread among all the chapters of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, and any and all of these chapters are free to call upon the national body for help when an epidemic exhausts local funds. But the national body doesn’t have enough funds—not nearly enough. And polio is gaining each year, and it will require money, and lots of it, to check the disease. Please make any con tribution you can, and if you are able to make it a hefty one, please do. (Distributed by McNaught Syndicate, Inc.) -i r i n r^i .7,1111 ^ i ■ |»l & L\ k I 1* I - * ill get... Sefundkri PEANUT BUTTER IN THE ECONOMICAL 1-LB. JAR i I X » Tiny, tender, sweet as spring! ^ k How the men go for these pretty Hi green babies! You'll want to serve P Seabrook Farms quick-frozen green baby lima beans ojttn— \ buy several boxes now and save! JJI SAYS THE MAN FROM SEAIROOK FARMS, "We grow our own so we know it's good, send we freeze it right on the spotV* SEABROOK FARMS QUICK FROZEN FOODS distributed by SOUTHERN DAIRIES INC _ MANUFACTURERS OP . . .