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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 30, 1950, Image 12

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Television
GET-TOGETHERS
CALL FOR SNACKS
Industry Output Rises 15-30 Pet. in Europe After 2 Years of EC A
By Bill Ross
Associated Pross Staff Writer
Just across Lafayette Park
from the White House, at Con
necticut avenue and H street, is
a modernistic twelve-story build
ing that is the nerve-center of
America’s mightiest offensive in
the “cold war” with Russia.
From this headquarters is di
rected the Marshall Plan which
on Monday passes its second
birthday.
The building houses the Eco
nomic Co-operation Administra
tion. the agency established by
Congress to run a program due to
cost American taxpayers about
$13 billion by the time it ends on
June 30, 1S52.
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HEINZ
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CHUCK
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73c
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39*
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Freshly | PORK
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Lobster Meat fresh-caught
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APPLE BUTTER «*-»* 2’t” 23«
SPANISH RICE ■"* 17°
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APPLES 3 - Z3i"-:-2;'"49<
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Marvelous Discovery
TIDE
To mark the second anniver
sary, and half-way point of the
multi-billion-dollar project, Sol
dier-Statesman George C. Mar
shall—who, as Secretary of State,
first devised the plan—will make
what ECA officials call a “major
speech.”
Acheson Also to Talk.
Gen. Marshall's words will be
directed to employes of the agency
at a birthday rally to be given by
them at the Statler Hotel. But
you can be sure the world will be
listening. Secretary of State
Acheson and Paul G. Hoffman,
ECA administrator, also will
speak.
For the Marshall Plan today is
far more controversial—both in
the United States and abroad—;
than when the general first sug
gested it in a speech at Harvard
University in June, 1947.
Gen. Marshall's idea in the be
ginning was this: All Europe—
including Russia—should get to
gether to rebuild the continent in
a co-operative effort whch would
restore production and trade. The
United States would provide the
countries with necessary aid to
give them the chance to make
good the losses of war and to
build for the future.
The Soviet Union refused to
have any part of the scheme.
Moscow charged the proposal was
a “sinister attempt of American
capitalistic imperialism to con
trol the destiny of Europe.” Thus
Russia, taking the satellite coun
tries of Eastern Europe along,
turned its back on the Marshall
Plan.
Calls Strategy Obvious.
Because of these developments
—and subsequent moves by the
Kremlin to counteract the re
habilitation of Western Europe
under the Marshall Plan—the
program has become a prime tar
get for Communist propaganda
attacks.
Mr. Hoffman, who has bossed
the recovery effort since it
started, feels the Soviet strategy
is obvious. Russia doesn’t want
Western Europe to get to its feet.
Mr. Hoffman argues, because an!
economically sound Europe, ade
quately fed and housed would
never go Communist.
And so the Marshall Plan—
which seeks to help Europe at
tain these goals—has become this
country's foreign policy "big stick”
to stop the westward thrust of
communism.
And so the Marshall Plan—
which seeks to help Europe at
tain these goals—has become this
country's foreign policy “big
stick” to stop the westward thrust
of communism.
The program so far has cost the
United States nearly $9 billion.
Has it been worth the money and
natural resources? Here's what
the record shows:
Fiance, Italy and Greece
seemed on the verge of having
Communist - controlled govern
ments two years ago. Now' the!
power of communism in those
countries has w'aned.
Industrial production across1
Western Europe, as a whole, is 15
to 30 per cent above prewar levels.
After World War I It took the
countries that make up the Mar
shall Plan bloc seven years to
regain a peacetime output; this
time it took only three years.
Western Europe now has an
adequate diet. Europeans still
aren’t well fed by American
standards, but the threat of star
vation. which existed when the
Marshall Plan started, is no more.
Trade between Western Euro
pean nations is nearly back to
prewar levels. But less and less
commerce is flowing to countries
behind the iron curtain.
Marshall Plan nations have
boosted exports to North America
by nearly a third in the past two
years. They largely have whipped
the problems of inflation. With
the exception of Berlin and Italy,
there virtually is no unemploy
ment in Europe.
Those in this country who are
critical of the European Recovery

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program point out that the Mar
shall Plan countries, in accepting
the billions of aid dollars, prom
ised an all-out effort at mutual^
self-help. The critics argue that
Western Europe has fallen down
on this promise; that the Marshall
Plan countries, in effect, are
merely getting what they can from
Uncle Sam and doing little or
nothing to help themselves: that
Europe still faces a heavy threat
from communism when the Mar-;
shall Plan ends in 1952.
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