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Mostly cloudy, high in upper 70s today. Cloudy with scattered showers late tonight and tomorrow. Low in mid 50s. tonight. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight. 60 6 a.m. ...56 11 a.m. ...70 2 a.m. —60 8 a.m._58 Noon_72 4 a.m. ...58 10 a.m. ...67 1 p.m. ...75 Guide for Readers After Dark -- B-19 Amusements - B-19 Comics_B-26-27 Editorial.A-10 Edit! Articles. A-11 Finance _A-19; Lost and Found. A-S Obituary_A-18 Radio .B-35 Sports_A-15-17 Women's Section"-B-S-6 An Associated Press Newspaper Lote New York Markets. Page A-l>. 98th Year. No. 108. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 18, 1950—FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. City Horn* Dellrery. Daliy and Sunday. SI SO a MontS: »ftyn & * PTriCTS Sunday!. SI.30. Nlaht Sinai Edition. $1.30 and SI »0 per Month. ** A ^ U. S. Charges Russians Shot Down Unarmed PlaneOverOpen Baltic, Demands Punishment, Indemnity - A -- ■ ■ . -■ ■—■■■■■ -. ....-. ■ Soviet Distorted Facts, Note Says; Warning Given By Garnett D. Homer The United States today charged that Russian fighter planes shot down an unarmed American Navy plane over the open Baltic Sea April 8. The State Department charged that the Soviet Government’s Text of American Note to Russia on Baltic Plane Incident Page A-4 * attitude in the matter ‘‘shows clearly the insincerity of its oft proclaimed desire for peaceful re lations with the United States"’ In a stern note to Moscow, this Government called for prompt and severe punishment of Russians responsible for the attack on “de fenseless" Americans, “appropriate indemnity for the unprovoked de struction of American lives and property," and measures to pre vent any repetition of the inci dent. The United States note corrects "distortions of fact" the State Department said, which were made by the Russians in protest ing last week that the American plane had violated Soviet-occu pied territory and shot first at the Russian fighters. Note Delivered by Kirk. American Ambassador Alan G. Kirk delivered ’che American note to the Soviet Foreign Office in Moscoow today. It was in reply to a Soviet note of Aprfl 11, charging that an American B-29 Superfortress had flown over Soviet-absorbed Latvia on April 8, opened fire on Soviet planes which demanded that it land and then disappeared toward the sea when the Russian fighters; returned the fire. Moscow was informed today that the only American military plane in the Baltic,area on April 8 was a Navy “privateer” which disappeared on that date with no trace of its crew having been found. The “wholly unarmed” Navy plane carried 10 persons. The note today said investiga tion convinced this Government that the Navy plane “did not fly over any Soviet or Soviet-occupied territory or territorial waters ad jacent thereto.” “It must be concluded.” the note added, “that Soviet military aircraft fired upon an unarmed American plane over the open sea, following which the American airplane was lost.” Statement by McDermott. In a statement accompanying publication of the note here, State Department Press Officer Michael J. McDermott put it this way: “An unarmed American Navy plane with 10 persons aboard was •hot down by Soviet fighter planes over the open waters of the Baltic »» OvB. The note to Moscow protested •in the most solemn manner.” It demanded that the Soviet govern ment make a “prompt and thor ough investigation” to confirm for itself the American version of the incident. The United States also de manded that strict instructions be Issued to the Soviet Air Force to avoid repetition of such incidents which increase the difficulties of maintaining peace. Without making further flat de mands, the note said the United States “confidently expects” that Moscow will apologize, punish its flyers responsible for the incident and pay indemnity. In his statement, approved by Secretary of State Acheson, Mr (See PLANE, Page A-4.) Expert 'Almost Sure' Raft Came From Lost U. S. Plane By the Associated Press COPENHAGEN, Denmark, April 18.—Capt. D'Jack Klingler said today it was a “fair guess” that the raft found in the Baltic by a British freighter came from the ill-fated United States Navy patrol plane which disappeared last April 8 with 10 men aboard. He added that he was “almost sure” that the users of the raft had been alive after it hit the sea Capt. Klingler, who directed the search operations for the missing plane, examined the raft after il arrived here by plane from Helsinki. “The pockets on the raft have undoubtedly been opened bj human hands.” he said. “I can not say who did it or when it was done but I am convinced it was done by a man.” All pockets of the raft were empty. Normally they contair food and medicine. The raft was sent on by plane to Wiesbader for further examination at Unitec States Air Force headquarters then. t * Truman Promises to Maintain True Bipartisan Foreign Policy Tells of 'Very Satisfactory Talk' With Acheson and Senator Bridges By Joseph A. Fox President Truman today pledged his administration to the main tenance of “a true bipartisan foreign policy,” declaring that the views of the Republicans will be solicited and “taken into account in both the formulation and im plementation” of world relation ships. The President .expressed his viewpoint after what he described as a “very satisfactory talk” with Secretary of State Acheson and Senator Bridges of New Hamp shire, ranking Republican mem ber of the Senate in the absence of Senator Vandenberg. After the conference, Senator Bridges said the President’s pro gram "might be a good way to get a new approach” to a bipartisan policy and said if it could be de veloped it might result in a bet ter working arrangement. President Truman's statement follows: “I have had a very satisfactory talk with Secretary Acheson and Senator Bridges, who is the rank ing Republican of the Senate in Senator Vandenberg’s absence. We discussed a number of the more important problems facing this Nation in the field of foreign (See FOREIGN POLICY, Pg. A-6.) 15 Top Military Deaths Arouse Speculation on New Purge in Russia Frequent Obituaries on Generals and Admirals Hint Drive Is UnderWay By the Associated Pres* NEW YORK, April 18.—Moscow has announced, in the past half year, the deaths of 15 Russian generals and admirals—some of them rather young. The appearance of such obitu aries so frequently in the Soviet press naturally arouses speculation in the West over the possibility of a new purge in the Soviet Union. However, there has been no hint in the advices which pass through Moscow censorship that a purge actually is under way. Even if the Soviet press has re ported all the deaths of the top military brass, a rather high mor tality rate is indicated, particular ly since a number of the officers were in their forties. The Russians also have reported the deaths of a considerable num ber of civilian, as well as military, officials. The latest obituary of this type published by the Soviet press was that of N. V. Egorov, 48-year-old official of the Coun cil of Ministers, whose death was announced today. Other high-ranking Soviet func tionaries also have passed away recently. They include Peter Anurov, a counsellor first class in the Soviet Foreign Ministry. His age was not given in the March 5 death notice, but it said the death was “untimely.” An other such was Anatoli Kopytov, Minister of Cinematography, who died March 10. He was only 43. Alexander Petukhov, deputy chief of the Communist Party Central Committee Organization Bureau, died April 13. His age was not given. Scientist Nikolai died sudddenly March 3. He was once under fire on a charge of being servile to the ideas of Western scientists. Last week the Berlin newspaper Tagesspiegel published a report that Maj. Gen. Pavel Kvashnin, former railway chief in Germany, killed himself and his family when he was caught trying to escape from Poland to Sweden. The newspaper gave directors of the Soviet-run rail system as its source for the report. Communist of (See RUSSIA, Page A-3.) Frenchman Father 36th Time AMIENS, France, April 18 (jP) —Paul Demaie, 70, a bricklayer last night announced the birth ol his 36th child. Mr. Demaie’s first wife died in 1927, after giving birth to 24 children. He married again in 1935. House Republicans Expected to Attempt 10% Cut in D. C. Fund Economy Bloc Also May Seek Same Reduction In All Appropriations By J. A. O'Leary An effort to cut the $12 million Federal payment toward District expenses by 10 per cent may be one of the first Republican econ omy moves against the $29 billion omnibus appropriation bill in the House. Chairman Cannon of the Ap propriations Committee announced in the House shortly after noon that chapter 1, containing the District item, is being put off until tomorrow, but that the com mittee will stand on its $12 mil lion figure. The House will de vote this afternoon to a general debate on chapter 2, which ap propriates $56.8 millions for the annual expenses of Congress it self, including the Government Printing Office and Library of Congress. Early adjournment to day is expected to permit members to attend the ball game. Asked about the reports of a G. O. P. economy drive on his return from New York this morn ing, Representative Taber of New York, ranking Republican on the Appropriation Committee, said he has not decided to offer such an amendment, but believes some one else will. May Try to Extend Cuts. He mentioned 10 per cent as the probable scope of the amend ment if it is offered, which gave rise to speculation that the Re publican economy bloc may make that percentage of reduction their general goal. Mr. Taber indicated the Repub lican aim may be to cut 10 per cent from budget estimates which have not already been trimmed to some extent by the committee. He implied that where the committee already has made some reduction, no further floor fight is likely. If the House should cut any thing from the $12 million Fed eral share of the cost of running the Nation’s Capital it would be a departure from substantive law passed by Congress only three years ago. At that time, when it was re vising the District income tax. Congress made permanent provi sion for a Federal payment of $12 million a year, and specified that (See APPROPRIATIONS, A-6.1 f Hirohito Calls on MacArthur TOKYO, April 18 (IP).—Emperor Hirohito made his semiannual call ! on Gen. MacArthur today. The | subject of their talk was not dis closed. NLRB Fires Woman Attorney Who Married Colored Leader Action by Denham Is Described as for 'Good of Service' Ruth Weyand, National Labor Relations Board attorney whc married a Washnigton colored leader, has been discharged from her job “for the good of the service,” an NLRB official said to day. Miss Weyand, who had beer employed for 12 years by the NLRB and recently as an assist ant general counsel in charge cl Supreme Court cases, was dis charged effective March 30, by Robert N. Denham, board genera] i counsel. A friend of Miss Weyand’s said ! that she had hired an attorney (See WEYAND, Page A-4.) . i RUTH WEYAND. I —AP Photo. Cripps Eases Tax On Labor, Curbs Welfare Costs Moves in New Budget To Save Policy of Freezing Wages By the Associated Press LONDON, April 18.—Sir Staf ford Cripps eased income tax bur dens for sorely pressed British workers today, but clamped a checkrein on runaway costs of the welfare state. The income tax change is de signed to save his wage freeze policy against which masses of unionized British workers are threatening a serious revolt. Cripps firmly clung to his two and one-half year old policy of holding down wages and profits. *‘It is vital that the policy of wage, salary, and profit restraint should not be broken down,” he said near the end of his long budget speech to the House of Commons. Export Prices Rise. He regards this policy as neces sary to stave off the continuing threat of inflation and to keep down prices of exports, which he said are booming again as the re sult of devaluation of the pound last September 18. Devaluation of the pound from its former level of $4.03 to $2.80 has turned out better than ex* pected, he told a crowded house. Tightening up the welfare state, he sharply trimmed food subsidies, which keep down Dnces of basic necessities, and declared flatly that costs of state medicine must be held at their present levels. The chancellor turned a cold eye on the political angles of the national purse. aii me attractive suggestions put forward for remission of taxa tion which, if added together, would reach about £1 billion ($2.8 billion), must be firmly set on one side,” he said. He soaked individual industrial ists with a retroactive tax that will take almost half of huge bonus payments they received last year in the belief these were tax free. Hardst hit were automobile bosses Sir John Black, managing director of the Standard Motor Co., and Leonard P. Lord of Aus tin Motor Co. Both received £100,000 ($280, 000> payments from their firms last year for promises never to make automobiles for any other firm. Cripps levied surtax on these payments. Surtax rates range from 10 per cent on the first £500 up to 52 V2 per cent on all above £20,000. No Health Service Increase. Of state medicine—under which the government provides feeless treatment—Sir Stafford declared “it is not possible * • * to permit any overall increase in the ex penditure on the National Health Service.” He promised, however, not to impose a 1-shilling (14-cent) charge on each state prescription. This charge was announced last autumn, but had not come into force pending the working out of methods to levy it efficiently. Cripps fixed a top level of £410 million ($1,138,000,000) on food subsidies—a decrease of £55 mil lion ($154 million) from last year’s ceiling. No immediate increase in food prices will be necessary, how ever, because the new ceilings is based on economics already made during the last six months, Cripps said. rooa prospects seller. Food prospects look much bet ter, Cripps said. He noted that 1949 showed “a marked improve ment” and the present outlook is (See BRITAIN, Page A-3.) Canadian Jetliner Flies From Toronto To N.Y. in Hour •y th« Associated Press NEW YORK, April 18.—The Avro Jetliner, America’s first jet transport, landed at International Airport at 10:30 a.m. today after a one-hour flight from Toronto, 365 miles away. The normal flying time between the two cities is one hour and 50 minutes. The plane took off from Toronto at 9:04 a.m. and checked in with the tower at International Airport at exactly 10:30 a.m. The 60-passenger Canadian built Avro Jetliner, produced by A. V. Roe, Canada, Ltd., resembles an ordinary transport plane except for its absence of propellers. There are two jet engines on each wing. The plane bore gifts and invita tions on behalf of the Canadian International Trade Fair at To ronto, May 29-June 9. r Love Triangle Seen as Motive In Attempted Airliner Bombing Last-Minute Warning by Husband Saves 16 on Plane. Including Wife and 2 Children By the Associated Press LOS ANGELES, April 18.— Love for a red-haired air line stewardess was advanced to day by police as a motive for the action of a young father who sought to destroy his family by planting a time bomb on an air liner carrying them and 13 other persons. Police Lt. C. E. Ream said Miss Betty Suomela of Hermosa Beach told him she was in love with John Henry Grant, 32, and that at the approximate time yester day that he placed the bomb on a United Air Lines DC-3, she thought he was appearing in ! court getting a divorce from his wife. The stewardess, who is not em ployed by United, told Lt. Ream that Grant led her to believe that he would marry her after the divorce. Lt. Ream questioned the stewardess after Grant drove her to the airport. Lt. Ream said he was convinced that the stewardess was in no way implicated in the case and that she would be re leased. Grant lost his nerve at the last moment and no one was injured. Just as the airliner was about to leave Los Angeles International Airport for San Diego yesterday. (Continued^on Page A-6, Col. 1.) FCC Opposes Measure To Curb Gaming News As Too Broad, Vague Coy Expected to Back Aide in Fighting Bill; Plan Called Impossible By Miriam Ottenberg T1 ' Federal Communications Commission is flatly opposed to the kind of bill the Justice De partment has sent to Congress to cripple organized gambling, it was learned today. FCC Chairman Wayne Coy, who is scheduled to testify before a Senate Commerce subcommittee on the bill next week, is expected to take the same position as his representative took when the bill was being drafted. The measure, advocated by At torney General McGrath in testi mony before the subcommittee yesterday, would forbid the use of interstate communication facil ities for transmission of gambling information. Me McGrath mentioned to the subcommittee that the FCC rep resentative on the drafting panel “dissented” on two points, but he did not come right out and say the FCC opposed the bill. Bill Is Called “Impossible” Benedict P. Cottone, FCC gen eral counsel and its representative on the drafting group at the Jus tice Department, said today he had told the drafting panel and the legislative committee that the bill was “completely impossible to administer.” He explained he was bearing in mind that the whole burden of administering it would fall on the FCC. Mr. Cottone attacked the meas ure as “too broad, vague and in definite.” The way it is now written, he said, it would be up to the FCC (See CRIME, Page A-4.‘) Indonesia Requests Membership in U. N. By th* Aisociatcd Prlil JAKARTA, Indonesia, April 18. —The United States of Indonesia officially requested membership in the United Nations today. The Foreign Ministry announced Prime Minister Mohamed Hatta had made the request in a cable to U. N. Secretary General Trygve j Lie. The Foreign Ministry also con firmed that General Assembly President Carlos P. Romulo had been invited to make an official visit to Indonesia. Officials said Gen. Romulo had been asked to make his visit coincide with that of Indian Prime Minister Jawa harlal Nehru, scheduled to arrive here in mid-May. Accountant Testifies Maragon Admitted His Texas Bank Account Says Defendant Told Him of Matter on Day After Senate Denial By W. H. Shippen, Jr. The jury trying John F. Mara gon on four perjury counts was told today that Maragon admitted he had a bank account in Texas on the day after he testified under Judge Tells Jurors They Can See Game; Trial Is Adjourned Judge Jennings Bailey in formed the jury at John F. Maragon’s perjury trial this morning that if they had tickets for this afternoon’s opening baseball game they need not worry. He adjourned court shortly after noon until tomorrow morning. Maragon told reporters he would take advantage of the recess to mow the lawn at his home in McLean. Va. oath before a Senate subcommittee that his only account was in a Washington bank. Carmine S. Bellino, public ac countant for the committee which investigated “five-percenters,” tes tified that on July 29, last year, Maragon told him about an ac count which he had opened in San Antonio in 1942, or 1943, while accompanying tourists to Mexico. ■ The defendant was quoted as say ing he had opened the account (Continued mi Page A-6, Col. 4.) Two More Witnesses Listed by McCarthy To Support Charges Senator Won't Reveal Names of Pair, Says Both Worked for FBI By Ceqil Holland Senator McCarthy announced today he has lined up two more witnesses he said will support his charges that the State Depart ment harbors Communists and fellow travelers. He made the announced wnt shortly after returning from New York where he said he conferred with the witnesses. The Wisconsin Republican re fused to reveal their names. He said one is a former undercover agent for the Federal Bureau ol Investigation who Joined the Com munist Party to carry on his work. The other, Senator McCarthy said, is a former FBI agent who was engaged in counter-espionage work. Will Give Names to Counsel. Senator McCarthy said he would give their names this afternoon to Edward P. Morgan, general coun sel of the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee investigating his charges. He added that he would ask that subpoenas be issued for them. He also said he plans to give the committee the names of one or two more witnesses "in the next few days." Senator McCarthy said the two witnesses would “corroborate and supplement the Budenz testi mony." This was in reference to Louis F. Budenz. 59, former Communist Party member who has been sub poenaed to testify before the Sen ate group Thursday. Called in Lattimore Case. Mr. Budenz, now a Fordham University professor, was called at Senator McCarthy's request. The Wisconsin Republican said that Mr. Budenz would support his charges that Owen Lattimore, Far Eastern expert, is or was a mem ber of the Communist Party. Senator McCarthy also has charged that Mr. Lattimore was Russia's top spy in this country and has exerted an important in fluence in the shaping of Ameri can policy in the Far East. He has said he would let his charges against the State Department "stand or fall” on the Lattimore case. Mr. Lattimore. after returning from Afghanistan, vehemently de nied the charges in a public ap pearance before .he investigating committee and said that any one swearing he is or has been a Com munist would be guilty of per jury or worse. “Evidence in the Lattimore case,” Senator McCarthy said to (Sec COMMUNISTS, Page A-6.) Jachym Goes Out to Ball Game, Setting Pace for Early Birds It took an early riser to beat John J. Jachym, the Nats' chief minority stockholder, to Griffith Stadium for the baseball opener today. As eager as any fan, the Jamestown (N. Y.) manufacturer was m the stands at 10:30 a.m. Mr. Jachym, who picked up 40 per cent of the stock last year, said he will see the Nats play as often as he can. He expects to take in most of the club’s games at Cleveland, which is handier to his home town. To Pitcher Joe Haynes went the somewhat perilous distinction of heading off any foul balls hit President Truman’s way. Haynes can fend for himself as a fielding pitcher, but he has no control over I a jinx that has plagued holders of the' same job in other years. Milo Candini had the chore one year and a short time later was on his way to the Pacific Coast League. Now he is hurling for the Phillies. Another stint was reeled off by Pitcher Mickey Haef ner. He was later traded to the White Sox. Not the least resplendent ar ticles in the park were 100 high school athletes who served as ushers. Their bright blue uni forms and red caps brightened up the well manicured park. Any doubt about spring's ar rival was erased by Oroundkeeper Jimmy Ritche’s crew when they earned part of their pay by pick ing dandelions from the infields. That necessary adjunct to any ball game, the hot dog, was pres (See NOTES, Page A-3.) I Truman to Lead 31,000 Fans as i Nats Open Today Sun Brings Perfect Day forGameWith A's; Other Teams Ready Unt»> PHILADELPHIA. WASHINGTON. Joost. s» Cp»n. If McCosky, If Dente «s Velo. rf Norm, cf F»m. lb Rrbmson. lb Dlllinger ,'ih Ste«»rt rf Chspmen. cf Yom. tb Hitchcock or Ko««t ’b Wahl, \'b Evans c Guerra c Soarborouih 9 8cheib p By Burton Hawkins Baseballs 1950 inaugural was touched ofT at Griffith Stadium today with President Truman and | some 31.000 other fans on hand for the festivities. Three hours before game-time, a warm sun broke through hazy i skies, portending almost perfect 'weather conditions for the Nats’ [struggle with the Philadelphia Athletics. Early arrivals began trickling into the brightly bannered stands [before noon, many of them hoping [to gain a vantage point from ! which to see the President and his [party seated in a box to the right !of home plate. Promptly at 3 o'clock the ambidexterous Chief Executive is to grasp a glossy, white baseball and toss it into a group of scram bling players. On seven fronts today and one more tonight—the St. Louis Cards’ opener with Pittsburgh will be under lights—baseball became the top topic, with Mr. Truman's presence among other fans focus RAY SCARBOROUGH. CARL SCHE1B. ing attention on remodeled Grif fith Stadium. The President, who delights in confounding photographers at tha opener, refused to divulge whether he would throw with his right hand, his left, or both, but 87 year-old Connie Mack, launching his 50th successive season as man ager of the Athletics, and the Nats’ Bucky Harris were more specific (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 4.) Today's Schedule Of Major League Opening Games By th« Asiociot*d Pr*u Today’s opening day schedule of the major leagues with starting times (Eastern Standard), prob able pitchers with last year's rec ords, probable attendance, and expected weather: American League. Philadelphia at Washington (3:00)—Scheib (9-12) vs. Scar borough (13-11) (31.000) partly cloudy. 71. New York at Boston <2:00>— Reynolds (17-6 > vs. Parnell (25-7) (32.000) fair. 64 St. Louis at Chicago (2:30) — Garver <12-7) vs. Wight (15-13) (18.000) risk of showers. Near 70. Detroit at Cleveland <3:00) — Houtteman (15-10) or Hutchinson (15-7) vs. Lemon *22-10) (63,000) partly cloudy. 68. National League. Boston at New York <2:15) — Spahn (21-14) vs. Jansen *15-16) *30,000) partly cloudy. Tempera ture 67. Brooklyn at Philadelphia *1:30) —Newcombe (17-8) vs. Roberts (15-15* (32,000) partly cloudy. Near 70. Chicago at Cincinnati (2:30)— Schmitz (11-13) vs. Raffensberger (18-17) (32,000) cloudy. 63. Pittsburgh at St. Louis (night. 9:30)—Chesnes (7-13) vs. Staley (10-10) (30.000) partly cloudy. Near 70.