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Sunny today with high near 80. Showers likely tonight, low about 47. Tomorrow sunny with high in low 60s. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 58 6 a.m. ...57 11 a.m. ...72 2 a.m. —58 8 a.m. ...60 Noon_75 4 a.m. —57 10 a.m. 67 1 p.m. 79 Late New York Markets, Page A-15. Guide for Readers rx> Amusements .. C-4 Classified - C-4-11 Comics _C-14-15 Editorial _A-10 Edit'l Articles -A-11 Finance _A-15 r»€« Lost and Found-A-S Obituary -A-12 Radio .C-1S Sports _C-l-J Women's Section -B-S-6 An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 109. Phone ST. 5000 *★ 4 WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19, 1950-SIXTY-FOUR PAGES. City Home Delivery. Datiy and Sunday. SI "0 a Month when S r r'PVTQ Sundays, $1.30. Night Sinai Edition. $1.30 and $1 40 her Month ** V'Xju.s A O 1 Prague Cuts Off U.S. Information Activities and Expels Director; 6 Czechs Tried as American Spies Turning on Heat Now/ Embassy Spokesman Says By th« Associated Press LONDON, April 19.—Czecho slovakia today ordered the expul sion of Joseph C. Kolarek, director of the United States Information Service, and demanded an imme diate halt to USIS activities in the country. At the same time dispatches from Prague said six Czechoslo vakia/ AP Coverage Resumed At Prague. Page A-14 Text of Czech Accusations. Page A-12 Kolarek is Former District Newspaper man. Page A-6 vaks, one i)f them a woman, went on trial in Pankrac State Court in Prague, charged with belonging to a spy ring directed by the American Embassy. The Czech news agency said the chief de fendant, former Army Maj. Jaro mir Nechansky, confessed to charges of high treason and spying. In a telephone call to Berlin, Mr. Kolarek, press attache of the embassy in Prague, said the Czech government accused him of “grossly abusing” his diplomatic office by using Czech nationals for spying and propaganda work against their government. Mr. Kolarek denied the charges. The Czech government last Oc tober had announced it had smashed a spy ring directed by six former American Embassy officials. Secretary of State Ache son said in Washington at the time that these charges obviously had been “trumped up.” "Turning on Heat. “They (the Czech Communist government) are really turning on the heat against us now,” a Prague embassy spokesman com mented in the Berlin telephone conversation. The USIS library long had been under Czech secret police pressure. Czechs who patronized the library frequently were stopped and warned not to return there. In another development, J. Zastera, an American citizen, 20 years old, was sentenced to 18 years in prison on his conviction on charges of high treason and spying. Zastera, a student, also was ordered expelled from the country, the dispatches say. This is the usual procedure in Com munist Czechoslovakia and other Iron Curtain countries. The in dication is that the sentence must be served before the prisoner is expelled from the country. Sentenced With 15 Others. Zastera was reported sentenced along with 15 Czechs, but details of the accusations against them were not immediately disclosed. The Czech foreign ministry sent a note to the United States Em bassy demanding that the USIS offices in Prague and Bratislava, Slovakia, be closed down by noon Saturday and that Mr. Kolarek leave the country within “an ap propriate time.” This is another way of saying he is expelled. Mr. Kolarek, 34, who comes from Baltimore, has been in Prague since 1946 and is the sec ond oldest Embassy employe in terms of length of service. The Information Service he has di rected distributed news broadcast (See CZECH, Page A-6.) Czech Regime to Seize Catholic Monasteries fty th« Associated Press PRAGUE, April 19.—'The Czech oslovak news agency announced today that all but a few Catholic monasteries will be taken over by the government and converted to "social and health purposes.” "Some of the monasteries will be used to ease the housing short Son of last German Official Flees to U. S. Zone. Page A-6 age in the respective districts,” the official news agency said. “It has been lately ascertained that Catholic orders have become a tool of the enemies of Czecho slovakia,” the announcement added. “During recent proceed ings it has been proved that monasteries concealed enemy agents, spies and murderers, as well as kept illegal transmitters and became centers of anti-state activities." (In this the Prague agency was referring to the recent trial and conviction of 1© Catholic clergy men on charges of treason, spy ing for the Vatican and plotting armed revolt.) The Czech news agency ac count said that especially since the enforcement of the new church laws "the reactionary Catholic hierarchy under the or ders of the Vatican” directed the monasteries in anti-state activi ties. A » ' - " ...--- - Truman Is Planning to Draft 'Best Brains' for Key Posts President Working on New Non-Partisan Approach to Problem of Filling Top Jobs By Joseph A. Fox President Truman is working on a plan to draft the "best brains’’ in the country for key posts in the Government. Announcing the program today, Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said it is only in preliminary shape but that the President is planning an approach that is en tirely non-partisan pr "un-parti san." The idea was made public as the President met with several mem bers of the "little cabinet’’ who have been set up as a committee under the chairmanship of Donald S. Dawson, presidential adminis trative assistant, to draw up the blueprint. Mr. Ross also made it clear that the President is not thinking of jobs that ordinarily rate as pa tronage, but rather for those spe cialized offices such as member ship on the Atomic Energy Commission—for knowledge rath er than political background should be the chief requisite for an appointee. ‘‘The object," Mr. Ross said, ‘‘is to make a sort of catalogue of people throughout the country who are worth considering for presidential appointments.” “There are a lot of good people, whose light is hidden under a bushel,” Mr. Ross emphasized, adding that the President wanted to get a line on these. The President himself has often complained of his inability to get good men for Government posts either because of salary or—often more importantly — because the prospective appointees resent the rawhiding they often take from Congressional or other sources. .Mr. Ross recalled that almost every time a top Government post (See KEY POSTS, Page A-4.) Reds Pour New Troops Onto Hainan Beaches; Formosa Worried Chiang Calls Chiefs; Defense Fighting Said To Lack Co-ordination By the Associated Press TAIPEI, Formosa, April 19.—A reliable source said tonight the Chinese Reds have landed rein forcements on Hainan Island, where they won two beachheads Monday, (A civilian pilot who arrived in Hong Kong today from Hainan said the Reds have landed 5,000 more troops on the northern beaches.) Jubilation over earlier National ist claims of a smashing victory gave way to anxiety in this Na tionalist capital. Generalissimo Chiang Kai shek called his service chiefs into a huddle to find what went wrong on the South China island. They sought to develop quickly a smoother co-ordination between commanders there. Defense units apparently fought j independently of each other. This permitted the Reds to make deep inroads. One high official said the situ ation was serious. The informant said, however, the Reds landed only a few new troops. He said many troop-laden craft were sunk before they could reach the beachhead. Admiral Kewi Yung-ching, Na tionalist naval chief, said it was hard to stop all invading craft. “One of the most difficult things in the world to sink is a wooden junk,” he said. “We (See CHINA, Page A-4.) Senate Votes Awards For Missing Flyers BULLETIN The Senate unanimously ap proved today a resolution by Majority Leader Lucas author izing and directing the Secre tary of the Navy to make post humous awards and decorations to the 10 officers and crewmen of the Navy Privateer plane shot I down in the Baltic by Russian airmen. The vote was 66 to 0. ly th* Aiiociotad Pr*» MOSCOW. April 19.—The au thoritative Soviet weekly New Times charged today that the Baltic Sea plane incident was de liberately prepared by the United States as an international provo cation. The weekly, which comments on foreign policy matters, charged Picture of Raft Found In Baltic. Page A-7 Symington Says Russia Can Hit Any Part of U. S. in Atom Attack. Page A-14 that the United States had rescue planes waiting in Denmark even before the United States plane involved in the incident had taken "off from Wiesbaden April 8. Thus, it said, “It was a pre viously prepared provocation.” New Times said the incident was a “plain intentional provocation,” and described it as “training in the fabric of international in j cidents.” “After the American provoca tion in the Baltic it is evident that Washington has set out upon the same risky path of provocations and instigation of international incidents and conflict along which the German and Japanese Fascists traveled,” it added. Maragon Molasses Case May Be Dropped On U. S. Data Refusal Trial Recessed to Give Murray Time to Study Withdrawal of Charge By W. H. Shippen, Jr. Refusal of Federal departments to produce confidential records resulted in a recess today at the perjury trial of John F. Maragon until tomorrow to give the Gov ernment time to decide whether evidence will be brought against Maragon in a molasses deal here. Officials of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Agricul ture Department have refused to produce the full record relating to Maragon’s association with the Allied Molasses Co. of Perth Am boy, N. J. The prosecution had called Harold M. Ross of Plain field, N. J., president of the com pany, when Defense Counsel Irvin Goldstein demanded that the full record on Federal investigation of the case be produced. Judge Jennings Bailey sum moned the attorneys to a bench conference on the issue and ad journed court until tomorrow to give Assistant United States At torney Charles B. Murray time to decide whether the molasses case will be dropped. Key Point in Case. The case is a key point in sup port of the Government’s charge that Maragon lied to the Senate investigators on July 28 when he denied negotiating any business with Governments departments or accepting fees for such services between 1945 and last July. Maragon also is on trial in Dis trict Court on three other perjury counts alleging false statements in connection with his bank accounts and financial affairs. Attorneys defending the 58 year-old Greek-American had sub poenaed from the FBI “all papers, statements, reports, memoranda and records relating to Milton R. Pollard” of Milwaukee, an official of the molasses company, "in con nection with the matter of John F. Maragon.” Alex Rosen, assistant director of the FBI, appeared in court with the records yesterday, but said he (See MARAGON, Page A-4.) House Cuts 10% From LumpSum For District G. 0,. P. Wins Victory In Attack on Omnibus Bill, 86 to 82 BULLETIN The House today voted a 10 per cent cut in the Federal pay ment toward District expenses for next year by the narrow margin of 86 to 82. It was a victory for the Republicans in their first attack on the $29 billion omnibus appropriation bill. The motion by Repre sentative Taber, Republican, of New York cut the Federal pay ment from $12 million to $10.8 million. By J. A. O'Leary Representative Taber of New York opened the Republican econ omy drive on the $29 billion single package appropriations bill today with a move to cut the Federal share of District expenses 10 per cent. His motion, if adopted, would require the United States to pay only $10,800,000 instead of the $12 million lump sum fixed in perma nent law by the Republican Con gress in 1947. This reduced Federal payment would leave it up to the District to meet the remainder of a budget which totaled more than $119 I million as submitted by the Presi dent in January. In support of his motion, Mr. Taber charged that the tax rate on real estate in Washington is about half the rate in most communities. He said the tax rate here “runs $17, $18 or $19 per thousand—I don’t remember the figure.” Elsewhere he argued, it runs in most communities from $35 to $40 per thousand. Committee Opposition Seen. Mr. Taber’s motion is expected to be opposed by the Appropria tions Committee, led by Repre sentative Bates, Democrat, of Kentucky, in charge of the Dis trict budget. Before the opening of debate Mr. Bates had denounced the j move to cut the Federal payment. : He said any reduction in the Federal share of National Capital costs was not justified and hoped the House would repect it. The District’s budget for next year will come up later as a sep arate bill, but congressional lead ers threw the Federal payment into the omnibus measure in order to get all national expenditures into one package. Meanwhile, another controversy developed over the District chap (See APPROPRIATIONS. P. A-4.) Truman to Address Editors Tomorrow President Truman will talk for eign policy when he addresses the American Society of Newspaper Editors at the Statler Hotel to morrow, White House Press Sec retary Charles G. Ross said today. Mr. Ross said he felt that the speech is ‘‘of some importance.” The President, in contrast to the customary informality of his luncheon speeches, will talk from manuscript and is, expected to speak about 15 or 20 minutes. It is assumed his speech will be [given about 1:45 or 2 o’clock. Suspects Captured 20 Minutes After Holdup of Barry Farms Two holdup suspects were cap tured today less than 20 minutes after the office of the Barry Farms Dwellings. 1230 Sumner road S.E. was robbed of $175. The men, both colored, led two pursuers in another car on a wild Four Holdup Suspects Face Police Lineup. Page A-4 chase from the National Capital Housing Authority project to Fourth street and Independence avenue S.W., where a motorcycle policeman caught the suspects. James W. Eighmie. assistant manager of the development for colored, gave this account: Shortly after 11 ajn. a colored man about 25 entered the office and began asking questions of a clerk. Geraldine Carter, colored, 31, of 1340 Perry place N.W. When Mr. Eighmie became sus picious, the man drew a gun, forced him and the clerk to the rear of the office and scooped $175 from the two cash registers. Then the man ran outside and met his companion. They fled in a waiting cab. he said. At this point, Samuel Briscoe, colored, 24, of 2508 Stanton road S.E., a maintenance man at the ofiice, was outside and noticed the pair fleeing. He was joined by John A. Mann, 1169 Third street N.E. They got in Mr. Mann's car and followed the cab. At Fourth street and Indepen dence avenue the pursuers hailed Pvt. Ralph W. Holder of the Traf fic Division. Pvt. Holder stopped the cab and arrested the men They were being questioned this afternoon by the robbery squad, tit. E. E. Scott, head of the squad, said they will be charged with robbery. The suspects were identified as George Earl Taylor, colored, 24, of the 1100 block of Sixth street N.W., and Everett Perry Jones, colored, 31, of the 1500 block of Sixth street N.W. Lt. Scott said the gun andi money were found on Jones. n JE DAR Says Economic Planners Seek to Lead U. S. to Socialism 'Left Wingers' Threaten American System In 3 Different Fields, Resolutions Charge The Daughters of the American Revolution today charged that “economic planners”—some of them in the Government—are "united in a design to lure this country into socialism.” "Left-wingers,” the DAR as serted, are threatening the Amer Pictures of DAR Convention Activities Here. Page A-4 ican system not only in economic affairs but in the fields of educa tion and health. The Daughters called for a reaffirmation of faith in this country’s heritage and vigorous opposition to subversive influences. In a series of militant resolu tions passed unanimously, the organization’s 59th Continental Congress charged specifically that: Economic planners in labor un ions, professional groups, teacher organizations, political and reli gious bodies, racial groups “and even Governmental agencies” are trying to make plans "for all forms of business.” Planners want to decide production quotas, and fix priorities, prices and wages, the DAR asserted. Left-wing educators, by urging “world-mindedness,” are "condi tioning our people for subjugation to world government.” Powerful forces are at work to enforce the passage of a com pulsory health insurance or a “so (See DAR, Page A-4.1 Four Bottle Clubs Lose Charters; Tamm Finds Privileges Misused Star Dust, Stage Door, United Family and Acropolis Affected Judge Edward A. Tamm today dissolved the charters of four Washington after-hours bottle clubs, after the Government pre sented evidence showing abuse or misuse of their corporate privi leges. This action was the first to be taken against a total of 11 clubs whose charter dissolution is sought by the United States attorney’s office. Put out of business today were the Star Dust Whist Club, 1919 Fourteenth street N.W.; United Family Club, 609 New Jersey ave nue N.W., reportedly the biggest Negro club' of its kind here; Stage Door Social Club, 1820 Seventh street N.W., and the Acropolis Club, 719 Ninth street N.W. Receiver to Be Named. Judge Tamm granted the Gov ernment’s request that a receiver be appointed to dispose of all of the corporate property of each club. This move ostensibly was sought to forestall possible efforts by the management of the clubs to re incorporate and go right back into business with a different charter. All the 11 clubs against whom court action has, been instituted specialize in keeping bottles of whisky on hand for their club “membership.” Their most ac tive hours are after 2 a.m. when Alcohol Beverage Control regula (See BOTTLE CLUBS. Page A-6.) Late News Bulletins Airport Bill Blocked Senator McCarran, Democrat, of Nevada today blocked Senate passare on the consent calendar of the Johnson biU authorising: the construction of a second ; major airport for the National , Capital estimated to cost about |14 million. Body Found in Branch The body of an unidentified colored map, about 28, was found floating: in the Eastern Branch shortly after 1 p.m. to day by fishermen about 700 yards west cf Benniny Bridye. 2 Men Die in Cave-In Of 13-Foot Sewer Ditch Despite Rescue Effort One Workman Escapes As Walls Crumble on Project in Northeast Two workmen were killed this morning when they were buried alive in the cave-in of a sewer ditch at Sixth street and Riggs road N.E. Policemen and firemen joined about 30 construction workers in Picture of Workers Digging for Buried Men. Page A-6 a frantic race to rescue the two men after the sides of the ditch fell in at 10 a.m. The bodies were recovered more than an hour later. The dead are: Euster Morgan. 21. colored, of 609 Atkins street N.E., and Harold Turner, 25, colored, of 87 S street N.W. A third man, who was in the 13-foot deep ditch with them, managed to scramble out, suffer ing only a cut on the arm. He was Fleming Porter, 26, colored, of 2843 Allendale place N.W. Bodies Taken to Morgue. District Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald said the two workmen apparently died of suffocation. The bodies were removed to the morgue for autopsies. Mr. Porter said the sides of the ditch caved in with a “rumbling noise” and without warning. The walls were shored up with planks and Mr. Porter and the other two men were in the ditch smoothing out the bottom, preparatory to laying the sewer. As he climbed out of the ditch, Mr. Porter said he heard Mr. Turner cry out, “Lord, have ' mercy.” That was all. Brother Working Nearby. Mr. Porter joined the others in trying to save the men who were caught between the boards lining the sides of the ditch and then covered by tons Of sand. A brother of one of the dead men, Samuel Morgan, 42, of 427 L street N.W., was working only a few feet away. He, too, joined in the digging until he was over come by emotion. He then sat on a truck fender with his head in his hands until the bodies were recovered. Last rites were administered to the two men by the Rev. John J. Dressell, assistant pastor of St. Anthony's Catholic Church. The sewer was being laid for the District government by the Bles St Muns Construction Co., McLean, Va., to give sewer fa cilities to a new apartment de velopment. House District Group Backs Daylight Time By Close IO-io-9 Vote Floor Action Due Monday; Senate May Consider Similar Bill Today By Don S. Warren Daylight saving time for Wash ington for this summer was ap proved today by the House Dis trict Committee by an unexpect edly close vote of 10 to 9. The bill now goes to the House Soor and District Committee Chairman McMillan plans to call it up for action next Monday which is District Day. The Senate may act on similai legislation today when it consider: bills on its calendar. The Senate bill would give the Commissioners continuing annual authority to in voke daylight saving time Instead of for one year only. Action Behind Closed Doors. The Senate has passed the per manent authority bill in other years but the House always ha: insisted on the one-year limit. This has brought the daylight time issue before Congress every year since the war days when the program was begun. The action of the House District Committee was taken behind closed doors. There was no annoucement of how the committee members voted. Some of the committee members who are engaged in farming businesses or who repre sent agricultural districts are known to be opposed to daylight saving time and some of these may take the floor to oppose the bill when it comes up Monday. The report of the Commission ers on their polling of thousands of District residents on daylight saving time was said to have had some influence in getting the bill out of the committee. The re port of the city heads was deliv ered to the committee this morn ing. It had been held up to await a release by the Budget Bu reau. Commissioner John Russell Young advised the committee that the Budget Bureau had made no objection to presentation of the Commissioners’ report. The city heads urged enactment of the legislation and voiced a pref erence tor the bill which would give them continuing annual au thority, saying this would obviate the necessity of legislating on the subject from year to year. 3 to 1 Favor Daylight Time. The District Committee, how ever, clung to the one-year mea sure. The report of the Commission ers showed that 143,583 persons had been polled and that the voting was three-to-one for day light saving time. Voting for daylight time were 92.669, and voting "no” were 33,196. The re maining 17,718 were listed in the "don’t care” category. If the measure becomes law,; daylight time will start April 30 and continue until the last Sun day in September. The nearby sections of Maryland and Virginia usually follow the District’s lead. In another action, the House District Committee today sent to the floor a bill to permit a retired member of the Police Department, former Inspector Clarence Taller, to serve as a member of the Dis trict Boxing Commission, a post be held while in the Police De-! partment. 25 Huks Killed Near Manila MANILA, April 19 The Department of National Defense said today 23 Huks were killed yesterday ih Pampagna Province, north of Manila. 40 Overcome In 4-Alarm Fire At Bowling Alley Brookland Building Ruined, Smoke Fells Men in 3 Vi-Hour Fight More than 40 firemen were overcome or injured today battling a $100,000 four-alarm fire a* the Brookland Bowling Alleys. 3726 Tenth street N.E. Two of the nen were hurt when u 15-foot wall collapsed inside the building after the fire was extinguished An entire block of 12 stores was threatened while firemen strug Pictures of Bowling Alley Fire Page A 3 gled in choking smoke and gas 'fumes for 3'2 hours before bring - | ing under control what Fire Chief | Joseph A. Mayhew called "the I most stubborn fire I have ever seen.” They were hampered by the black, acrid smoke, but even more by phosgene gas released in the burning of nitrocellulose con tained in lacquer coating the 28 bowling alleys. Despite gas masks, a steady stream of firemen were carried from the building to a lawn across Tenth street and given oxygen. Most of them returned to duty. | but 13 were removed to hospitals i for additional treatment. 46 Pieces of Apparatus Used. John L. Freeman, president of the corporation operating the popular alleys, estimated damage at more than $100,000. When firemen got the fire under con trol at 8:15 am, the interior and equipment appeared to be a total loss. Two special alarms were sound ed after the four alarms, bring ing out an additional five com panies. In all, 46 pieces of equip j ment went into action. Of the 120 firemen engaged, more than a ! third of them were knocked out by the smoke. Four others were treated for hand injuries. About 10:30 am. a wall col lapsed between a barber shop and areaway in the front of the building, falling on Pvt. Raymond F. Henry. 37, of 5035 Fifty-fifth avenue, Rogers Heights, Md., a member of No. 15 Engine Com pany, and Pvt. James O. Balder son, 40. 5730 Fourth street N.W, j with No. 14 Engine Company. Pvt. Henry was treated at Emergency Hospital for back in I juries and Pvt. Balderson was re i leased from Casualty Hospital j after treatment for scalp cuts. Building inspectors saw little | danger of other walls collapsing, but firemen were ordered out of | the structure and a rope barri cade strung around it. The heavy black smoke, billow ing over a wide area, attracted [hundreds of spectators to watch | what for a time was an uneven struggle between man and fire. Flames Were “Like Torch.” Before the arrival of Engina Co. 17. answering the first alarm at 4:43 a.m., an explosion had blown out most of the windows and flames had eaten through ths front door! "Flames were shooting from th# alleys like someone holding a torch,” said Corpl. T. V. Howes, a policeman and one of the first I to see the fire. Edward Dunn. 5108 Crittenden street, Hyattsville, a bus driver on his way to work, was a block away when he heard an explosion. "I saw flames shooting 20 feet high,” he said, “and turned in an alarm from the box at Tenth and Otis streets.” Pvt. N. F. Bulman, 30. of No. 17 Engine Co., was the first flre (See FIRE. Page A-3.) Legations Bombed At Damascus, Beirut •y »h« Auociatad Pro, DAMASCUS, 8yria, April 18 Bombs were tossed into American Legation compounds at both Damascus and Beirut last night. This appeared to be an expres sion of growing anti-American and anti-British sentiment stem ming from Arab-Israel tension. A United States Marine guard in Damascus was slightly wounded. United 8tates Minister James H. Keeley, jr., in Damascus said the two bombs were thrown at almost the same time. News of the Beirut incident, where a grenade exploded back of the Legation garage, was be ing telephoned to Staff Sergt. El bert Cassel of Bedford, Va., at the Damascus Legation when a bomb shattered the glass in the switchboard room where he was sitting. He was cut about the hands and face by glass. The Damascus grenade was tossed over the back wall of the Embassy compound. No arrests were made immedi ately by police, who were called to the legation by Mr. Keeley. The bomb incident came a month after hand grenades were thrown at the British legationi here and in Beirut.