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Son of Deputy Premier
In East Reich Flees To American Sector By the Associated Press BERLIN, April 19.—The son of a deputy prime minister of So viet-occupied East Germany be came a political refugee in West Berlin today. Ralph Kastner, whose father is leader of the Eastern Liberal Democratic Party <LDP), an nounced he had fled with his wife and children to escape “unbeara ble Communist pressure." The newspaper Neue Zeitung reported that the son telephoned Deputy Prime Minister Hermann Kastner of his flight after safely arriving in the American sector. The LDP office refused to com ment. The father, whose own career has been endangered by Communist-instigated purges of the LDP this year, answered no further telephone calls at his East Berlin home. Young Kastner told the Amer ican official newspaper that “there is no democracy to speak in the East Zone any longer.” He accused East German Com munists of arranging for a single list election next October “al though most of the people are fully determined to vote no.” Young Kastner said he had re sisted demands that he join the Communist-controlled trade union federation in Dresden, and had lost his secretarial job there as a result. Neue Zeitung reported he asked his father on the telephone whether he would leave the Rus sian zone, too. But the elder Kastner replied: “You have done a great wrong.” The son explained he reached West Berlin by the ruse of telling officials in Dresden he was going to East Berlin. Bottle Clubs (Continued From First Page.) tions forbid sale of liquor on a licensed or unlicensed basis. The proceedings before Judge Tamm today involved the Gov ernment's presentation of so called ex parte proof. Such steps are taken in cases where the de fendant in a civil action fails to appear to answer allegations. Blick Is Only Witness. In each case Assistant United States Attorneys Ross O'Doh oghue and Bruce G. Sundlun summarized testimony against the clubs made several weeks ago be fore a special House subcommit tee investigating crime in the District. Lt. Roy E. Blick. chief of the Metropolitan Police Vice Squad was the Government's only wit ness. The officer's testimony in cluded such points as his per sonal knowledge of vice squad raids on certain of the clubs and of criminal convictions on liquor law violations and gambling charges resulting from some of the raids. Lt. Blick was asked by Prose cutor O'Donoghue at one point whether he had ever seen any social activity at the Acropolis Club, whose charter mentioned one of its purposes w'as “social.'’ "Well, the only social activity I ever saw there was conducted on & table. It was a Greek crap game called barbudi,” the Lieu tenant said. Asked about the “literary” ac tivity at the United Family Club, the lieutenant replied that the only thing he had seen approach ing literature there was numbers pads. The charter of the Star Dust Whist Club was dissolved on the basis of Congressional testimony that the place no longer was operating anyw'ay. In each case Judge Tamm held that affidavits regarding the Con gressional testimony, as well as affidavits sworn to by Lt. Blick, as well as the lieutenant's testi mony today, provided sufficient evidence for the charter dissolu tions. Sugar Cane Fluid Sugar cane sap consists of about 80 per cent water. 16 per cent pure sugar, and 4 per cent molasses.' Camp Fire Girls, Inc., reports a membership of more than 360, 000 in some 260 local councils in the United States. WORKMEN BURIED ALIVE—This was the scene at Sixth street and Riggs road N.E. this morn ing as rescue workers dug frantically to reach two workmen buried in a sewer ditch. The men were dead when uncovered more than an hour later. The man at left, looking at camera, is Fleming Porter, 26, who escaped from the ditch as the sides caved in. (Story on Page A-l.) —Star Staff Photo. Czech (Continued From First Page.) by the State Department, operat ed libraries and circulated films and recordings. (Mr. Kolarek, 34, formerly was a reporter and copy editor on the Washington Times Herald and is well known in this city. A native of Balti more. he worked at the Times Herald for several years prior to World War II. His mother in-law, Mrs. John Reynolds, lives at 1533 Monroe street N.W. Mr. Kolarek last week was ac cused by the Czech government of using Czech nationals as spies, a charge which United States Am bassador Ellis O. Briggs denied. The charge was made during the trial of two Czech employes r,of U. S. I. S. who were convicted on charges of spying and sen tenced to prison. The Foreign Ministry note ac cused U. S. I. S. of spreading hos tile and slanderous news. In addition to Maj. Nechansky, the Czech neyvs agency identified the other five Czech defendants in today's treason trial as Veleslav Wahl, Milos Sprysl, Jiri Dohnale||, Karl Loris and Miss Zdenka Vad kova. The official Czech news agency gave this account of the indict ment and testimony: The defendants “provided the Americans with important in ! formation including a report on Czechoslovak uranium mines." The espionage ring aided in the escape to Western. Germany of Dr. Jaromir Smutny, former chancellor of the office of the late Czech President Eduard Benes. The spy ring was organized by Walter Birge of St. Louis. Mo., former second secretary of the embassy. Mr. Blirge, Maj. Nechansky told j the court, reported to him on conversations he held in the United States with members of the Council of Free Czechoslo vakia “as well as on his con versation with Cardinal Spellman on the Czechoslovak situation." The Czech news agency broad cast did not elaborate on the ref erence to Francis Cardinal Spell man, Archbishop of New York. Other Officials Accused. Other former embassy officials accused of directing the spy ring were Spencer Taggart, Miss Louise i SchafTnar of Lancaster. Pa., and Samuel Meryn, Czech-born nat uralized American of New York.! Mr. Meryn, a clerk in the mili-! tary attache's office, was called the “main figure of the whole ring." He was arrested last Oc tober, was held incomunicado for several weeks and then was ex pelled from the country. Mr. Birge, Mr. Taggart and Miss Schaffner had left the country previously. The Czech news agency's ac (“Therm Engineered” Tssm w 15 HEAT PAYS FOR ITSELF IN FUEL SAVINGS . . . Aged heating equipment is costly and dangerous. Replace with Chrysler fully automatic Gos Heat and get the tem perature to suit Washington's ever chonging weather. count of the indictment contin ued: The six defendants were en gaged in spying activities from 1948 until their arrest. Mr. Tag gart instructed Maj. Nechansky in actual spying activities and took over the leadership of the ring from Mr. Birge in the sum mer of 1948. Mr. Meryn distributed radio transmitters and the necessary codes. Miss Schaffner led a group organized to function as “liaison” with the present United States Air Attache in Prague, Col. Andre Dechaene. "The American spying net spe cially picked its members from former members of the Czecho slovak armed forces which served in the West during World War II and who were educated for the reinstallment, of the capitalistic regime in Czechoslovakia.” Accused of Aiding Escapes. The group “gathered informa tion and helped in illegal escapes across the froniter into Western Germany.” Mr. Birge, former second secre tary of the embassy, “even before February, 1948 (when the Com munists came to power in Czecho slovakia ) drafted a plan for estab lishment of espionage centers which would work in case of war or if normal channels of intelli gence failed on account of other political events. . . . “The espionage group was sup plied with wireless transmitters, radio spare parts, cypher keys and other material by the Ameri cans.” The organization “was techni cally well equipped so as to be able to start work in earnest as soon as war broke out, which American diplomats even in 1948 thought imminent.” Two other embassy officials were expelled from Czechoslo vakia last October on charges they directed the alleged spy ring. They were Isaac Patch of Glouces ter, Mass., head of the embassy’s political department, and John Heyn of Springdale, Conn., an assistant to Mr. Patch. Engineer Dies in Cab, Fireman Saves Train By th« Associated Press GLEN ROCK. N. J.. April 19.— A railroad engineer died at the throttle last night, but a fireman piloted the train to safety. James Arthur Lamb, 57, .col lapsed of a heart attack while driving the 5:46 P. M. Erie Rail road train from Jersey City to Ramsey. Fireman William D. McMahon seized the controls, after which relief engineer took over. ^kMy, SALE •&S x <>F spring J ur^w2 V\' ^ MERCHANDISE AT BARGAIN XV ^ PRICES OFFERED YOU ^ ^ IN ALL OF OUR THREE STORES FOR SERVICE... TENDER, YOUNG f^f L. I. DUCKS «■ 35e - Fresh Caught Buck Shad *• 23c Call Dl. 8250 T) HtBH, GREEN ARTICHOKES 2 ° 29£ Mew Texes Yellew Onions . 4«» 19e HCdson 4500 (' V- /" * GOLDEN RIPE BANANAS 2 ibs AOc L Fancy White Mushrooms * 49c ORdtvay 6300 (Tr ) a TANGY NEW YORK STATE H WP 1 w" ” . I ■ « W I ,b* l Magruder Mayonnaise g ** 43c This is Crosse & Blackwell week in our stores. See our window displays of C.&B. delicacies including Kieller’s im ported foods. Prices effective in all stares thrauth Saturday, April 22. North Dakota Floods | Rout Hundreds More; New River Overflows • y A*»ooo»#d Pr#s* BISMARCK. N. Dak., April 19 —Rampaging rivers poured new torrents overJarge parts of North Dakota and Western Minnesota today to drive additional hun dreds of families from their homes. The Red Cross estimated 3.000 persons were homeless In North Dakota. Jamestown, N. Dak., where 500 lamilies were ousted by the nor mally plaeid Pipestem River, faced a new threat as the James River started to move over its banks, Richard Stoudt, Red Cross dis aster Committee chairman, said one-half of the houses in James town, a city of about 10,000, al ready were under water in the south-southwest section along the Pipestem. Dormitory Set Up. Crews of National Guard and Jamestown College student volun teers last night moved families from the north-northwest section, imperiled by the James’ rapid rise. In Northeastern North Dakota, the fleldhouse at the State Uni versity was converted into a giant dormitory for refugees as the rap idly rising Red River of the North hit a 41.10-foot level, 13.10 feet above flood stage. Boat crews evacuated 200 fam ilies from their Grand Porks homes last night and early today. An added 100 families were taken to the campus haven from East Grand Forks, Minn., City Engi neer A. F. Hulteng said. City Cut Off. Mr. Hulteng predicted a 44.5 foot crest for this week end, 16Vi feet above the flood mark and greatest height reached since the Red hit a 50.2-foot level in 1897. Grafton, 20 miles north of Grafld Forks, moved 200 families into public buildings when the Kolarek, Expelled by Czechs, Is Former District Newsman Joseph C. Kolarek. 34-year-old State Department press attache whose expulsion from Czecho slovakia was ordered today, is well known in Washington as a former newspaperman and District resi dent. A native of Baltimore, Mr. Kola rek worked on the Washington Times-Herald prior to World War n. He is married to the former Miss Frances Reynolds of Wash ington. She is in Czechoslovakia with him. They have no children. His wife is a chemist and a graduate of George Washington University. Her mother, Mrs. Johns Reyn olds, lives at 1533 Monroe street N.W. She said that her son-in law apparently had been expecting trouble. "He pot along fine before,” she said of Mr. Kolarek. “Then about a week ago,” she continued. “I got a cablegram from them. It said not to worry and that they were returning " Earlier, she said, her daughter had written her that the "Com munists are out to get Joe. I know he hasn't robbed a bank or anything like that. I don't quite understand It It s just one of these Communist things." The couple were married nine years ago when Mr. Kolarek was a reporter here. His wife is 30 Mr. Kolarek has been in Prague since 1946. He attended Amer ican University Graduate School here in 1940-1942 and was foreign news editor of the Office of War Information in 1943-1945 before being sent to Czechoslovakia by the State Department. Red River rose at the rate of one foot an hour there last night. Floodwaters cut off the city of 4,000 population from all but wire communications as the Park River, flowing into the Red there, gushed from its banks. U. S. May Retaliate Against Czech Ban Czechoslovakia's demand for re call of the American press attache may be follewd by similar action banning Czech publications in this country, it was indicated to day: Michael J. McDermott, State Department press officer, indicated that the press attache, Joseph C. Kqjarek, will be recalled as re quested. He said the department is “studying'’ what to do about the demand. The Russian-dominated coun try's action “can only be ascribed to fear of the expression of the truth regarding the United States and’the free world, and the desire to insulate the Czech people," Mr McDermott added. In Washington the Czech Em bassy distributes a Czech language news summary to American news papers and in New York City the consulate distributes two English language papers printed in Prague Czech papers are published in Chicago, Pittsburgh and else where. Radio Interview Planned Harold F. Hammond. Silver Spring, newly appointed mpmber of the Montgomery County Council, will be interviewed by Ernie Tannen at noon tomorrow over Station WGAY. Silver Spring. Farm Home State About one-half of Arkansas' area is farm land and nearly 80 per cent of the people live under rural conditions. Stained Towels Offer Clue In Slaying of Physician ay AuaciaWW Br*»t SAN DIEGO. Calif.. April II.— Sheriff * investigators have their first definite clues in the slaying of wealthy Dr. A. Antonio Da Costa. 47. Two bath towel*, one stained with what appeared to be blood and the other containing four bullet holes, were hauled up from a well outside the British Guiana born physicians country home yesterday. Investigators said the slayer may have used the towels to muffle the gun used in the shooting,. The physicians son John. 1*. who has been closely questioned since his father s body was dis covered last Sunday, was taken to Los Angeles, w here he will take a lie detector test. The youth's mother. Mrs. Margia J Da Costa of Pasadena, suggest ed authorities would “be wise to be looking for a woman. Instead of holding my son ” No charga has been placed against the youth. Mrs. Da Costa and the physician were divorced in 1942. Dr. Da Costa, a graduate of Howard University Medical Col lege at Washington. D. C., had an office in a Negro district. He was rated highly by county medical society associates. [FENCE POSTS’] I Wooden posts of ALL kinds! 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