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Cool today with high near 60. Fair and cooler fbmght; low about 40 in city, 35 in suburbs. Tomorrow mostly sunny and continued cool. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 64 6 a.m. __-52 10 a.m. -__48 2 a.m. -.-59 8 a.m._48 11 a.m._49 4 a.m. _.-55 9 a.m._48 Noon_55 Late New York Markets, Page A-Z9. Guide for Readers rM' j After Dark-A-I' Amusements C-* Comics -D-14-15 Editorial -A-l* Edit'l Articles. A-19 Finance - A-59, — U>st and Found. A-3 Obituary _A-2* Radio_0-13 Sports ..-C-l-3 Women’s Secnon . B-S-6 An Assoc toted Press Newspaper_ 98th Year. No. 110. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1950-EIGHTY PAGES. City Horn* Dallaary. Dally and Sunday. $1 10 a Month. *han » K C!FXTS Sundays. *1.30. Niaht Final Edition, SI.30 and *1*0 par Month. w _—-- - .......... .....------ ♦ - Truman Asks Campaign of Truth By Editors to Stop Communism President Makes Firm Attack on Soviet Practices By Joseph A. Fox President Truman today told the American Society of News paper Editors that “we must make ourselves heard ’round the world in a great campaign of truth” to halt the advance of communism. Addressing the men who mold the policies of the Nation’s press, Text of President's Address to Editors. Page A-2 the President emphasized the ne cessity of combating "deceit, dis tortion and lies,” with a plain ex position of this Government's pol icies. He added that "unless we get the real story across to people in other countries, we will lose ihe battle for men's minds by de fault." Mr. Truman, who spoke at a luncheon at the Hotel Statler, in dulged in some of the harshest criticism he has yet directed at the Soviet regime. At the same time, however, he reiterated that the United States seeks only peace —Russian arguments to the con trary notwithstanding. Defense Is Only Need for War. “We have no purpose of going to war except in defense of free dom,” he said. The President bolstered his plea for wider dissemination of the ideas the United States is seeking to get across to other lands, with a call for increasing Acheson to Deliver Major Policy Talk Saturday Night Secretary of State Acheson will make a “major policy speech” Saturday night at the dinner of the American So ciety of Newspaper Editors here, the State Department announced today. The address is scheduled for 9 p.m. It will be broadcast by the Mutual Broadcasting System and probably other networks, the department said. support from the press. At the same time, he explained that he had instructed Secretary of State Acheson to strengthen the pub licity weapons this country uses “to promote the cause of free dom against the propaganda of slavery.” He lauded the efforts of the newspapers in this direction, but warned against partisan presenta tion of the news. Censures a Few Editors. Saying that most editors are meeting their responsibilities well, he nevertheless was “sorry to say a few are meeting it badly.” “Twisting the facts might change the course of an election at home, but it would certainly damage our country's program abroad,” Mr. Truman amplified. And with an obvious dig at the lampooning to which the Ameri can diplomatic service sometimes is subjected, the President as serted: “There is too much nonsense about striped trousers in foreigr affairs. Far more influence is exerted by the baggy pants of the managing editor.” Freedom Is Being Challenged. The President told the editors there had never been a time in our history when there was great er need for a well-informed citi zenry. “The cause of freedom is being challenged throughout the world today by the forces of imperial istic communism,” he continued “This is a struggle above all else for the minds of men. Propaganda is one of the most powerful weapons the Communists have ir this struggle. Deceit, distortion and lies are systematically used bj them as a matter of deliberate policy. “This propaganda can be over (Continued on Page A-2, Col. 1.1 3 Accused by Russia Handed Over by Finns By th« Associated Press HELSINKI, Finland. April 20. Finland delivered to Russia threi persons, accused Soviet war crim inals, this week, it was reliabl; learned today. A well-informed source said tw< of the Soviet citizens delivered tc the Russians were among 51 “grave war criminals” whose sur render wasfciemanded in a Sovie note handed to Finland on Nev Year’s eve. The third person surrendered this source said, was an Esthoniai who had collaborated with th< Germans during the war. [ State Department Has Improved Press Relations, ASNE Is Told McCarthy Attack Has Helped Tighten Link, Committee Reports as Convention Opens By Robert K. Walsh The State Department’s attitude toward the press has improved greatly in recent months, es i pecially since the controversy aroused by Senator McCarthy, Re publican, of Wisconsin, the Ameri can Society of Newspaper Editors was told here today. A special committee created last year to study the department’s method of furnishing information to the press reported at the open ing of the ASNE annual conven ! tion that “at one time the depart ment thought it was getting a better break from the press than from some administration people in Congress.” The committee was referring to the reaction it obtained after talking with Washington report ers and State Department officials particularly concerning press cov erage of charges by Senator Me Cai'chy that the department har bors Communists and fellow travelers. The association's three-day con vention got underway this morn ing at Hotel Statler with an ad dress in which ASNE President B. M. McKelway, editor of The Star, cautioned the association against adopting the role of “po liceman, judge or jury” in dealing with members reported to be “guilty of malpractice^’’ Mr. McKelway urged the associ ation to continue its efforts to improve newspaper standards. He noted that some editors have urged that the society eject or otherwise discipline any news papers it deems guilty of malprac tice. He cautioned against such an approach, however. George Cornish of the New York Herald Tribune, chairman of the (See EDITORS, Page A-4.) Judge Rules Reporters Have Right to Remain In Closed Courtroom Hands Down Decision In Protest on Exclusion At Defense Request Municipal Court Judge Aubrey B. Fennell today ruled the press is one of four groups with an inherent right to remain in a closed courtroom during the hear- i ing of a criminal action. Judge Fennell, in a decision written since the question was raised yesterday, listed as the four; categories having the right to remain: 1. Parties to the action and their counsel. 2. Officers of the law. 3. Members of the bar. 4. Representatives of the press. Judge Fennell said the question was properly raised yesterday, when three Washington news papermen entered a courtroom from which the public had been excluded by order of the court and insisted the press had the right to remain. Hearing Is Resumed. Judge Fennell said that as far as his efforts have gone, he was; unable to find any decision in the; District squarely settling 1he question. “Therefore, this opinion is be lieved to be the law,” the judge said. Resumption of a hearing in I which Robert S. Williams, jr„ <5, . a lumber estimator, of the 4500 ! block of Foity-ninth street N.W., is charged w.th indecent exposure was delaytd nearly a half hour after the judge came on the bench while opposing attorneys held a j bench conference and the judge ! delivered nis opinion Judge Fennell later announced that Defense Attorneys Paul Con nolly jr., and James C. Rodgers | had stated they originally asked the courtroom be cleared because j they had such a “firm and abid ing faith in the innocence of the defendant tnat they thought re gardless of the outcome of the' case irreparable damage would be done to the reputation of the| defendant if the case was heard in open court.” .'newsmen *sked to Leave. Judge Fennell added that the defense attorneys said that the purpose sought for in the clear ance of the court oom could no longer of accomplished since the story had been published. At yesterday’s session, two re porters—George Norris of the ! Times-Herald and Wallace E.| Clayton of The Star—entered the | courtroom where Mr. Williams was I being tried while the defense was; presenting character witnesses. The reporters had made no effort to go into the court earlier when the complainants in the action, two teen age girls, were testifying. Even the parents were kept out at that time. When the reporters walked in [yesterday. Judge Fennell said 1 every one had been excluded at ■ the request of defense attorneys. He said the request had not been opposed by the Government. Mr. Connolly said he wanted the [ reporters kept out, and they left. ' A short time later, accompanied by Joseph Pauli of the Washington [ Post, Mr. Clayton and Mr. Norris re-entered the courtroom and re quested a review of Judge Pennell's ■ decision. 1 Judge Fennell immediately re > __________ ‘ (See REPORTERS, Page A-5.) DAR Voting Underway At Record Speed; Early Decision Seen Results May Be Known By 11 P.M. as 25 Booths Double Balloting Pace Daughters of the American Revolution today voted at record; speed for new national officers. Balloting opened at 8 a.m., and officials voiced the hope that re sults might be known by 11 o’clock tonight. In past years, elections often have dragged on into the early morning hours, but 25 booths in the brand-new DAR Administration Building at least doubled the pace of voting today A line of voters three deep already extended at opening time from the voting room at the east end of the building through a corridor to Constitution Hall, a distance of more than half a block. All but about $340 of the dele gates had voted by noon-time. 2,340 Eligible to Vote. A total of 2,340 delegates were eligible to vote out of the 3,255 registered for this 59th Continen tal Congress. Total attendance at the congress is in the neighbor hood of 6,000. The polling place will be closed by vote of the congress following an hour’s advance notification by Mrs. Roscoe C. O’Byrne, the presi dent general. A spokesman said this might be in mid-afternoon. Trimmed - down and snappy nomination speeches for 34 candi; dates were kept within the two hours and four minutes set as the time limit at last night’s session in Constitution Hall. Applause from the 4,000 dele gates and alternates, allowed only at the close of the speeches for cabinet aspirants, heavily favored the slate of Mrs. James B. Pat ton, Columbus, Ohio. Head of the opposition ticket, snowy-haired Mrs. Edwin S. Lammers, Dallas, Tex., fanned herself nervously. Both are candidates for president general and are members of The present cabinet. Mrs. O’Byrne Silent. Retiring President General Mrs. Roscoe C. O’Byrne scattered ru mors right and left by remaining inscrutable and completely void of any announcements of the di rection of her aupport. Although Mrs. Lammers, repeatedly said to be the administration's choice, was seated in Mrs. O’Byme’s box during a band concert last night, the president general did not at (See DAR, Page A-5.) Rival Burma Rebels Set for Prome Battle By th* Associated Press RANGOON, Burma, April 20.— Two insurgent factions in Burma’s several-sided civil war today were reported lined up for a decisive battle for the Irrawaddy River city of Prome. 1 Unofficial reports reaching Ran goon said forces of the White Band PVO’s had thrown an ar mored ring around Prome in preparation for a full-scale at tack to retake the Communist held city. Prome, an important communi cation center 160 miles north west of Rangoon, was taken by the Communists last month after a fierce battle with PVOs. Baltimore Called Clearing House For Bookies D'Alesandro Says City Is Powerless to Halt Race News Service By the Associated Press Mayor Thomas D'Alesandro said today that Baltimore is a regional “clearing house" of in formation for big time Eastern bookmakers. He said the city is powerless to halt this operation which “seems District Crime Probers Plan Laws to Tighten Enforcement. Page B 1 to be a perfectly legal enterprise under current law." Mr. D'Alesandro testified before a Senate Commerce subcommittee in support of a bill which would forbid the sending of gambling information across State lines. He described the measure as designed to take bookmakers “out of the billion dollar class” by cutting off bookies information. Syndicate Clearing House. “Just how many big-time book makers operate in Baltimore is a moot question,’’ Mr. D’Alesandro said. “It is general knowledge, however, that the racing news syndicate, which provides vast in formation service to bookmakers, operates in Baltimore a regional information clearing house.’’ He said city and State authori ties do not have the power to con trol the flow of information to bookies and for this reason need Federal help. The Senate took one step yes terday in the direction of helping the States deal with gambling. It passed a measure to ban the ship ment of slot machines and other gambling devices into States where their operation is illegal. The bill now goes to the House. Hearings to Continue. Mr. D’Alesandro said he doubt ed if there were a dozen slot ma chines operating in Baltimore, but that the numbers racket and bookmakers operate there. “There is a continual stream of numbers men and bookies—most ly small fry—being tried in our criminal courts,” he said. “In nearly all cases they are con victed.” Mayor D’Alesandro is chairman of the Legislative Committee of the United States Conference of Mayors and he conferred with Justice Department officials in the drafting of the pending anti gambling legislation. The committee plans to held at least several days of hearings before deciding what to do about the bill. Senator Capehart, Republican, of Indiana said he wanted to know why the city and State officials are unable to handle the gambling problem themselves. Other witnesses Called. “I want them to tell me how much gambling going on in their cities and States.” he said; “whether the situation is out of hand—and how the Government can help them.” Other witnesses summoned are Police Chief William O’Brien, At torney Charles Preusse, Police In spector August Flath and Com missioner of Investigation W. Shields, all of New York City; Assistant Police Chief Kennedy Lawrence and Attorney Nathanial Goldstick of Detroit, W. F. An derson. chief of the North Caro lina State Bureau of Investiga tion, and Florida Attorney Gen eral Richard Ervin. The legislation was proposed by the Justice Department primarily as a way to choke off horse race bookmaking by denying bookie< the prompt information they must have for betting. | Vargas Agrees to Run | For President in Brazil By the Associated Press RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil, April 20.—Brazil’s former President, Getulio Vargas, today agreed to run for President in the forth coming election as the Labor Party candidate. Gen. Vargas, ousted in 1945 by a military coup after 15 year$ in ; power, was asked in a Labor Party i manifesto yesterday to enter the race. The invitation came as he : was celebrating his 67th birthday. His followers indicated their eagerness to have him run by shooting off thousands of fire crackers and plastering the city with pro-Vargas posters. OME DELIVERY VA DAY MAY GET / YOU CUT OF ■X TH E RED... Miss Renner Thrown Into Well While Alive, Nassau Police Say Bahamas Manhunt Started for Killer of D. C. Woman Lawyer Miss Bettie Renner, murdered 37-year-old Washington attorney, was struck on the head and thrown into a well while still alive, the Associated Press reported from Nassau, Bahamas, today. The body of the vacationing lawyer, clad only in a brassiere, was discovered about 3 p.m. yesterday by a woman who went to draw water from the well about 6 miles from the resort city. Maj. G. H. Ranoe, Nassau chief of police, said a manhunt was on for a “very dark man of the hotel waiter type" seen cycling with Miss Renner a short time before she disappeared Tuesday. The AP quoted Nassau police as saying Miss Renner was struck heavily on the head and then dragged across the rough coral surface of the land, her clothing stripped off and her body dumped into the well. Her slacks were found in the well beside her. Medical examination disclosed that she died of suffocation. There was no evidence of rape. The scene of the slaying was MISS BETTIE RENNER. —AP Wirephoto. only 3 miles from Westbourne, where on July 8, 1943, Sir Harry Oakes was found bludgeoned to death and his body burned. Sir Harry's son-in-law, Alfred de Marigny, was tried and acquitted and the case remains unsolved. At an inquest in Nassau today. Dr. H. B. Taylor, medical officer _(See RENNER, Page A-3.) Connally Urges Senate To Lift Foreign Policy Above Political 'Mists' Opens Debate on Aid Bill With Appeal to Push Cause of World Peace By th« Associated Press Senator Connally, Democrat, of Texas, appealed to the Senate to day to join in a non-partisan for eign policy and thus lift the cause of world peace “above the mists and fogs of party politics.” The veteran chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Commit tee made his call for unity in foreign affairs in a major speech prepared for the opening debate on a $3,372,450,000 foreign aid bill. “There should be no partisan politics involved in our foreign affairs,” Senator Connally said. “That field should not be invaded by demagogic appeals to gain per sonal popularity at home.” Senator Connally's appeal came on the heels of a Republican an nouncement that GOP leaders “will be glad to consider” any pro posals made by President Truman for co-operation in foreign affairs. Republicans Back Bridges. Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio said late yesterday the Re publican Senate Policy Commit tee agreed with Senator Bridges, Republican, of New Hampshire, who has told Mr. Truman the adr ministration must consult with a cross-section of GOP Senate lead ers to win co-operation in a bi partisan foreign policy. “If the President wants the re establishment of a bipartisan policy on matters of wide import ance,” Senator Bridges said, “then he must consult with the Senate Republican leaders and keep the Republicans informed by con sultation in the development of policy.” Mr. Truman has announced (See FOREIGN AID, Page A-4.) Russian MVD General Dies in Moscow at 45 After 'Long Illness' Gen. Nasedkin Had Been In 'Operative Work' for Beria's Former Agency By tht Associated Press MOSCOW, April 20.—Lt. Gen. Viktor Grigorievich Nasedkin, a high official in Russia's Ministry of Internal Affairs, died here to day. He was 45. Nasedkin started* his career as an ordinary soldier and rose through the ranks. The death an nouncement said he had been in “operative work’’ in the Interior Ministry prior to his death after a lengthy illness. He formerly was an administration chief in the ministry. Russia's Ministry of Internal Affairs, otherwise known as the MVD, has charge of the Soviet internal security troops or militia. Earlier this week an Associated Press tabulation of high Russian military deaths showed that 15 Soviet generals and admirals, some only in their 4Qs, have been re 9 ported dead in recent months. Speculation has been that a new purge may be under way. As a high official in the Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs Gen. Nasedkin would have been more or less directly connected with Deputy Prime Minister Lavrenti P. Beria, who is reported to be involved with Vyacheslav M. Molo tov and G. M. Malenkov—both members of the Politburo—in a struggle for power when Prime Minister Stalin dies. Until he was relieved of admin istrative work two years ago Beria was directly in charge of the se cret police, which in all likelihood would be conducting any purge going on now. London Dock Walkout Spreads; 7,000 Idle; Red Backing Charged Government May Call on Troops to End Strike; 41 Food Ships Halted |y the Associated Press LONDON, April 20. — Nearly 7.000 dock workers were out today in a growing wildcat strike which Labor Minister George Isaacs branded as ‘‘clearly Communist inspired.” Strike leaders denied Communist influence. Isaacs hinted the Labor Govern ment might use troops to end the unofficial walkout. The strike, called to demand the reinstatement of three ex pelled union men, began yester day with a walkout of nearly 2.000 dockers. By today it had immobilized at least 41 ships carrying food for Britain's skimpy larders. Report Given to Commons. Reporting to the House of Commons on the situation, Mr. Isaacs said: “The present stoppage is clearly Communist-inspired and is noth ing else than an attack on the democratic and constitutional rules of the Transport and Gen eral Workers Union.” The three expelled dockers be long to the TGWU, once headed by Foreign Secretary Bevin. It had expelled the trio on charges that they led a Communist-sup ported walkout last year. Besides the ships immobilized.1 about 10 were undermanned when, by afternoon, the number of work ers on strike rose to 6,737, the National Dock Labor Board said The Port Labor Executive Com mittee which represents unions and management, condemned the strike as a “break of national and local agreements” and called—ap parently futilely—for an imme diate resumption of work. Strike leaders planned new meetings at the docks to recruit new suDDort “Cold, Deliberate" Red Plot. Mr. Isaacs, who had called the 1949 dock strike a "cold and de liberate” Communist plot, told Commons today: “This stoppage, in no way con nected with any dispute with em ployers regarding rates and con ditions of employment, shows once again the lengths to which the Communists are prepared to go in their losing attempt to gain con trol of the trade union movement. “. ,. We are determined that the vital interests of the Nation must be safeguarded.” This was taken as a hint that the government might soon step in, with troops, as it did in the 1949 stoppage. That walkout had tied up thousands of tons of ship ping for weeks and resulted in the expulsion by the transport union of Ted Dickens, G. H. Saunders and Harry Constable. The TGWU issued a statement tonight insisting that the expul sions will stand, and demanding that members involved in the strike return to work "immediately.” The statement said the TGWU was “determined to uphold the rules and constitutionality of the union." Ypres Commander Dies BEXHILL, Sussex, England. April 20 (JP).—Brig. Gen. Norman William Webber, 69, commander of the Canadian 2d Division in the World War I Battle of Ypres, died yesterday in Bexhill Hospital. Frederick Field And Jaffe Called Soviet Agents Witness Describes Communist Orders To Organize Writers BULLETIN Louis Budenz testified under questioning this afternoon that outside of what he has been told by Communist leaders he had no "personal knowledge” that Owen Ivattimore Is a Communist. He said, however, "there is corroborative evi dence in existence." By Cecil Holland Louis F. Budenz. former Com munist leader, said today that Owen J. Lattimore was a mem ber of a "Communist cell" and "can be placed" in a Communist conspiracy in 1937 to influence American policy toward Red China. He said Mr. Lattimore was re ferred to in secret Communist Party documents under the initials "L or XL" and was a member of & Communist “cell" in the Institute of Pacific Relations. Mr. Budenz testified before a Senate Foreign Relations sub committee as the key witness in charges brought by Senator Mc Carthy. Republican, of Wisconsin that Mr. Lattimore. widely-known Far Eastern expert, is the top Communist spy in this country. Senator McCarthy has said that he is willing to let his case of Communist infiltration into the State Department stand on his ability to substantiate his charges against Mr. Lattimore. But after an hour and a half of hurling accusations. Mr. Budenz said he was not saying that Mr. Lattimore is a Communist,. Committee Counsel Edward Morgan asked him: “Did you re fer to Lattimore as a Commu nist?” Mr. Budenz: "Oh, no. no, no, no.” Describe* Meeting. Testifying before a packed hearing room in the Senate Office Building, Mr, Budenz described a meeting of'top American Commu nist leaders which he said he be lieved was held in October. 1937, Its purpose, the witness said, was to announce a change in party line opposing the Chinese Nation alist government of Chiang Kai shek and of making plans to in fluence American policy in favor of Red China. Mr. Budenz said it was at that meeting that he first heard of the name of Mr. Lattimore in refer ence to Communist affairs. Dur ing his testimony he said that specifically, he had been told, it was Mr. Lattimore's role to influ ence American writers to take a favorable position toward the Communist cause in China. The witness, formerly manag ing editor of the Communist Daily Worker, who renounced the party doctrine in 1945 and is now an as sistant professor at Fordham Uni versity, said Mr. Lattimore did not attend the policy-making meeting in 1937 but that he had been instructed to be guided by what Mr. Lattimore had to say on Far Eastern affairs. Earlier in his testimony Mr. Budenz said that up to 1940 or 1941 what he described as the Politburo of the Communist Party 'American) "issued onion skin official documents which to the best of my knowledge were sent to Moscow ” He said that various individuals were referred to in the documents by initial* and that Mr. Lattimore's designa tion, he was told, was "L or XL.” Paper* Strict Secret*. Mr. Budenz said the onion skin papers were considered so confi dential that the party workers were forbidden to even burn them. He added they were instructed to "tear them up in small pieces and flush them down the toilet. ’ He said he didn't know how the 'Continued on Pace A-3. Col. 1.) Clear Weather Expected With Cooler Evening The showers which greeted Washington residents this morn ing were expected to go away by this afternoon leaving tonight cool and clear, the Weather Bu reau, said. Elsewhere in the Nation, the coolness took on definite aspects of a chill. The mercury was below freez ing over most of Nebraska, the Dakotas, Minnesota and Wiscon sin. It also touched 32 degrees in parts of Kansas. Missouri. Illi nois. Indiana and Iowa. Snow fell around the Great Lakes. The forecast for the Washing ton area called for the tempera ture to climb to the upper 80s by this afternoon and drop to about 40 degrees in the city and 35 in the suburbs tonight.