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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 02, 1950, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Rather cloudy with scattered showers likely
today; high 66. Cloudy tonight and to
morrow with occasional rain. Low tonight
56. (Full report on Page A-2.)
Midnight, 61 6 a.m. 59 11 a.m. 60
2 a m. ...60 8 a.m. ...60 Noon_61
4 a.m. ...60 10 a.m. ...58 1 p.ra. ...62
Lote New York Markers, Page A-23.
Guide for Readers
r*ft
After Dark... B-15
Amusements A-19
Comics _B-22-23
Editorial_A-12
Edit'l Articles A-13
Finance —.. A-23i
Put
Lost and Found. A-3
Obituary. A-14
Radio _ B-21
Sports _a-;o-;i
Women's
Section B-3-6
An Associate^ Press Newspaper
98th Year. No. 122. Phone ST. 5000 ★★
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 2, 1950—FORTY-EIGHT PAGES.
City Home DeUyery. Dolly and Sunday. $1 CO a Mont*; »nen 6 ■» /^TT V’T'C
Sundays, $1.30. Ni«ht Sinai Edition. $1 30 and $1 *0 per Mont* X O
Gen. MacArthur
Prods Japan to
Ban Red Party
Assails Communism
On 3d Anniversary
Of Constitution
By the Asiociated Press
TOKYO, May 2.—Gen. Mac
Arthur today urged the Japanese
to defend their new constitutional
liberties against the “international
political perfidy” of communism.
For the second time in 10 months
he suggested the possibility of
outlawing Japan's Communist
Party.
The Allied occupation com
mander took the third anniver
1,284 Arrested by Nationalists in Drive
on Reds in Formosa. Page A-S
sary of Japan's "no war” consti
tution as the occasion for a state
ment denouncing anew commu
nism here and abroad.
"Pawn of Alien Power."
Japan’s Communist Party, Gen.
MacArthur said, is “an avowed
satellite of an international preda
tory force and a Japanese pawn
of alien power policy, imperialistic
purpose and subversive propa
ganda.” Then he added:
“That it has done so at once
brings into question its rights to
the further benefits and protec
tion of the country and laws it
would subvert and raises doubt
as to whether it should longer
be regarded as a constitutionally
recognized political movement.”
The occupation chief raised the
same question last July 4 when
he labeled Communism “national
and international outlawry.”
Today he called it “this form
of international politcal perfidy,
social deception and territorial
fraud.”
Cautions Japanese.
Gen. MacArthur cautioned the
Japanese that the question of out
lawing the Communist Party
“should, of course, be resolved
calmly, justly and dispassionately
with the same consideration and
safeguards extended to any anti-!
social force in a peaceful and law-!
abiding community.”
The general made it clear he
felt no danger of the Communists
coming to power through consti
tutional means, but warned that
“communism now makes but a
shallow pretense of seeking such
•n objective.”
Instead, he said, there was the
danger of the small Communist
minority making “abusive use of
freedom” to create conditions of
lawlessness and unrest to open the
way for seizure of power through
“Intimidation and force.”
Issue Declared Clear.
He declared “the issue is there
fore clear and unequivocal—how
far may the fundamental human
rights be exercised unabridged
Without becoming the instruments
of their own destruction?
"It is an issue which confronts
all free peoples, forewarned that
others have lost their liberties be
cause, blindly following an ideal,
they have failed to see the dangers
inherent in reality.”
The issue, he stated, “may not
be ignored without hazarding the
survival of liberty itself.”
Gen. MacArthur’s attack on the
Japanese Communists comes at a
time when they have heavily lost
prestige with most segments of the
population.
The Reds reached a high point
of popularity in January, 1949,
when they elected 41 members to
the Diet. They since have fallen
off for several reasons, of which
these are the main ones:
1. The suspicion that the party
had a hand in delaying repatria
tion 9f non-Communist prisoners
of war from the Soviet Union:
2. Strikes by Communist-led
unions which seemed aimed pri
marily at creating confusion;
3. Communist-directed attacks
on government offices by groups
seeking relief from high taxes and
unemployment; and
4. The obvious subjugation of
Japanese Communists to the lead- j
ership of Russian communism—a
shocking thing to the average
Japanese, who is highly national
istic and suspicious of all things
Russian.
Recalls Jap War Disaster.
Gen. MacArthur’s statement j
drove home this last point. He
reminded the Japanese that in the
recent past a minority, “the mili
tarists and their collaborators,”
had brought Japan to disaster.
The Reds, he said, now were
pushing Japan toward an even
greater disaster—“this time with
out even the pretense of service to
legitimate national ends, but un
der foreign dictation to establish a
domestic basis favorable to the
utlimate subjugation of Japan to
the political control of others.”
Turning to the constitution it
self, he praised the Japanese for
having shown “a marked ability
to live and advance within the
framework of these great consti
tutional precepts,” and suggested
that “history may finally point to
the Japanese constitution as the
Magna Charta of free Asia.”
Tobey Charges Race Wire Aide
With'Half Truth' About Clients
l
Officials Deny Bookies Get Their Service,
Call Customers 'Very High Class'
By Miriam Ottenberg
Senator Tobey, Republican, of
New Hampshire, today accused a
Continental Press Service witness
of “falsifying” and “half-truths”
because the witness failed to tell
Senate gambling investigators
that one of the race wire services'
customers once served time for
defrauding the Government.
Senator Tobey’s blast came while
the Continental Press spokesmen
were telling a Senate Commerce
subcommittee about the character
of their customers.
The Continental Press witnesses
have already refused, under re
peated prodding, to admit that
their race wire service goes to
bookies.
They likewise denied connec
tion with any crime syndicate or
any association with such reputed
gambling big shots as Frank Cos
tello and Frank Erickson.
The witnesses also denied that
their wire service goes into Kan
sas City, where a Federal grand
jury last week reported that a
Continental outlet served -the
bookies there. The grand jury
said the Kansas City outlet was
Standard News Service, a Kansas
City enterprise of which one of
the owners was Charles Gargotta,
slain mobster lieutenant of
Charles Binaggio.
A Continental spokesman'said
the wire service has never done
any business with Binaggio or
Gargotta but suggested the possi
bility that some Continental sub
scriber ‘‘bootlegged" Continental's
service to Standard.
Testifying for Continental.
(See GAMBLING, Page A-6.)
Gen. Bradley Appeals
For Draft Extension,
Cites Red Aggression
Situation Unimproved
Since Committee Took Up
Bill in January, He Says
By John A. Giles
Gen. Bradley asked Congress
today for continuation of the
draft law because there has been
“no letup in the aggressive exten
sion of communism toward its goal
of world domination.”
The Joint Chiefs of Staff chair
man lold the House Armed Serv
House 'Economy Fight' Turns to Defense
and Engineer Projects. Page A-4
ices Committee there had been no
improvement in the international
situation since the committee took
the subject of draft extension
under consideration last January.
He added that he understood
the lawmakers were awaiting to
see if the world situation improves.
“As far as I can see there has
been no improvement,” he said.
"There has been no letup in the
pressure that the Soviet Union has
exerted wherever there has been
an opportunity for disagreement.”
Vinson “Disturbed.”
Chairman Vinson in opening the
hearing called for extension of the
Selective Service Act because “I
have become disturbed by what
has taken place in the last three
months.” He favors a watered
down version of the law.
Under amendments proposed by
Mr. Vinson the law would be ex
tended beyond its expiration next
June 24 for two years. There
could be no inductions under the
law or utilization of industry with
out t,he specific approval of Con
gress through a concurrent reso
lution.' This proposal was ac
cepted by President Truman last
January.
Mr. Vinson said that “you can’t
get around the fact that a standby
law would save four months mo
bilization time.”
Feels Russia Does Not Want War.
“In my opinion Russia does not
want war but we can go only so
far on the assumption,” he de
clared. “The decision on war is
in their hands and will remain
there. We must be ready.”
Several committee members said
they were not convinced as to the
gravity of the world situation and
the need for draft extension after
hearing Gen. Bradley and Mr.
Vinson. They asked for an execu
tive session.
Although at first opposed to
such a meeting, Mr. Vinson finally
announced that an executive ses
sion would "be held tomorrow. He
said either Secretary of State
Acheson, Secretary of Defense
(See DRAFT. Page A-6.)
Arlington Youth Killed
When Car Hits Truck
Robert Thomas Adams, 16, son
of an Arlington and Fairfax build
ing contractor, died of injuries re
ceived in an automobile accident
today near Falls Church.
He was pronounced dead at 11
a.m„ an hour and a half after
he was admitted to Arlington Hos-;
pital with head injuries.
John P. Moss, 27, of Fairfax, an
employe of the Asplund Tree Co.,
said he was standing on top of
his truck parked on the Leesburg1
pike about 1 y2 miles from Falls
Church. The road was slippery
from rain.
Without warning, Mr. Moss said,
the rear of his truck was struck
by an automobile which turned
around and skidded on down the!
road. The Adams boy was the
only occupant, he said.
Mr. Moss was thrown to the
pavement and taken to the hos
pital with bruises but was not
admitted.
Young Adams was the son of
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Adams. 903
North Larrimore street, Arlington.!
He also is survived by a sister,
Mrs. A. Padgett, 23. of 2313 North
Edison street.
The boy was a student at Wash
ington-Lee High School, Arling
ton. The family has lived at the
North Larrimore street address
for about three years.
A
Maragon Sentenced
To 8 to 24 Months
In Perjury Case
Equal Terms on Each
Of Two Counts Ordered
To Run Concurrently
John F. Maragon was sentenced
in District Court today to from
8 months to 2 years in jail fol
lowing his conviction on two
counts of perjury for lying to Sen
ate “five-percenter” investigators.
Judge Jennings Bailey gave the
58-year-old Greek-American the
8 month to 2 year sentence on
each of two perjury counts, but
added the sentences would be
served concurrently.
Maragon was found guilty April
26 on two counts of perjury be
fore the Senate subcommittee.
Immediately after his convic
tion, the 58-year-old Greek-Ameri
can was sent to jail by Judge
Bailey, who presided at the 10
day trial.
The jury deliberated only an
hour and 36 minutes before find
ing Maragon guilty of lying to the
Senate subcommittee when he tes
tified last July that:
1. He had only one bank account
in 1945-1946. The evidence showed
he had one here and another in
Texas.
2. He had severed connections
with Albert Verley & Co., Chi
cago perfume firm, when he took
an overseas job with the State
Department in 1945.
The jury, however, cleared Mar
agon of one of the charges the
Government had brought against
him—that he perjured himself in
saying he negotiated no business
with the Government and re
ceived no fees for such negotia
tions from 1945 to the middle cf
last year.
Maragon was on a first-name
basis with officials from Capitol
Hill to the White House last sum
mer when the “five-percenter”
group started taking an interest in
his affairs. The Senators were
investigating men who sell their
supposed influence with public
officials for a fee.
Last July 28, they called Mara
gon to a closed session. It was his
testimony there—and subsequent
conflicting testimony from other
witnesses—that led to his indict
ment on perjury charges last Jan
uary 3.
At the outset of his trial, his at
torney, Irvin Goldstein, described
Maragon as a “peanut vendor
among princes.” But Assistant
United States Attorney Charles B
Murray described him as a man
who tried to coerce Federal em
ployes into doing his bidding by
making use of the name of his
one-time friend, Maj. Geh. Harry
H. Vaughan, the President's mili
tary aide.
Huks Raid Manila Area,
Kill 6, Kidnap Officials
8y the Associated Press
MANILA. May 2.—Communist
led Hukbalahap bands shattered
the May Day peace last night in
raids on four towns, one only 15
miles from Manila.
They fired buildings, killed six
law officers and kidnaped a Mayor
and police chief. They left at
least four Huks dead.
Lattimore Blasts
Budenz Charge
As 'Hogwash'
Lashes at Miss Utley
And Calls McCarthy
Character Assassin
By Cecil Holland
Owen Lattimore today bitterly
assailed as “impure hogwash” and
“the product of a twisted and
malignant personality” the testi
mony of Louis F. Budenz seeking
to link him with Communist
machinations in this country.
He said the testimony was “a
fabrication” and that Mr. Bud
v
McCarthy Has Failed to Back Up
Charges, Peurifoy Declares. Page A-6
Reds' Lawyers Win New Delay in Serving
Contempt Sentences. Page A-2
Red Says Control Bill Aims to Stifle
Protests on 'War Policies'. Page A-4
enz. a former Communist, is
“either a plain old-fashioned liar
or a pathological liar.”
Mr. Lattimore, a Far Eastern
specialist, went before a Senate
group for the second time to deny
accusations of Senator McCarthy,
Republican, of Wisconsin, that he
was a Communist and Soviet agent
who has influenced American pol
icy in the Orient.
His testimony principally was
in answer to that of Mr. Budenz,
who has testified that.Communist
leaders told him Mr. Lattimore
was a member of a Communist
cell and subject to discipline of
the party.
Also Assails McCarthy.
While most of his long state
ment was in reply to the Budenz
testimony, Mr. Lattimore also
scored Senator McCarthy as “a
character assassin” and struck
back at Miss Freda Utley, lecturer
and writer, and others who have
testified in support of the Mc
Carthy charges.
we cnargea that senator Mc
Carthy has debased the processes
of the United States and "has
lied, distorted and villifled."
He added that Senator Mc
Carthy also has “improperly re
ceived and used classified infor
mation” and that he has “used
d i s c r e d i table and disreputable
sources of false information.” He
said the Wisconsin Republican
has "disgraced his party and the
people of his State and Nation”
and has "greviously prejudiced
the interests of our country.”
Declares Charges Are Unsupported.
He called on the Senate Foreign
Relations Subcommittee investi
gating the McCarthy charges of
communism in the State Depart
ment to point these things out
"in clear and unambiguous terms”
and of the specific charges against
him he declared: '
“You need go no further than
the undisputed facts—you need go
no further than the charges,
which are not supported by a
shred of evidence, perjured or
otherwise—to establish that the
Senator criminally libeled me.”
He called Senator McCarthy
“clearly a bad policy risk” and
ripped into the Wisconsin Republi
can's own background with ref
erence to official criticism of Sen
ator McCarthy’s conduct as a
State judge and alleged difficulties
over wartime income tax returns.
Mr. Lattimore asked the Senate
committee in evaluating the Bu
denz testimony to take into ac
count "a time-honored test of
credibility.”
With that he launched into a
description of what he said were
some of Mr. Budenz’s activities
before, during and since his mem
bership in the Communist Party.
Budenz’s Career as Agitator Cited.
He said Mr. Budenz, before he
joined the party in 1935, was “a
(See COMMUNISTS, Page A-A.f
Liaquat Ali Off for U. S.
LONDON, May 2 (JP).—Pakistan
Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan
left for Washington today aboard
President Truman’s private plane,
the Independence. He was ac
companied by members of his
staff and Mr. Truman's military
aide, Maj. Gen. Harry Vaughan.
Liaquat Ali will spend a month
touring the United States and
Canada.
D. C. Area Women, Lost on Hike
For 12 Hours, Are Found Unhurt
Two Washington area women,
lost for more than 13 hours during
a mountain hike west of Roanoke,
Va., were found early today un
harmed except for blistered feet
and scratches.
They were Mrs. Rayburn Miller,
28, wife of the manager of the
Washington Hotel, and Miss Edith
Snyder, 19, of Herndon, Va.
Some 200 men formed small
parties and struggled through the
underbrush, working into ravines
and over mountain tops after the
women failed to return from their
mountain hike at nightfall, the
Associated Press reported.
The two had left the Mountain
Lake resort hotel at Pearisburg,
Va., without saying which trails
they planned to follow. Mr. Mil
ler, who had motored to Roanoke,
returned in time to help organize
the searchers.
The young women were found
a
when their cries for help were
heard by searchers about 1:30 a.m.j
some 12 miles from the hotel andj
the nearest highway. They were
rain-drenched and frightened.
Mr. Miller, who is the supervisor
of the resort hotel owned by the
Washington Hotel, had gone to
Pearisburg with his wife and Miss
Snyder to get ready for the sum
mer opening on June 1. Miss
Snyder is the new secretary at
the hotel.
Searchers included State police.
Giles County deputy sheriffs,!
members of the county life-saving
crew, experienced guides, the
Pembroke Volunteer Fire Depart-1
ment and many volunteers from
the community. ,
Mr. Miller has been manager
of the Washington Hotel for the
last three years. His wife is a
native of New Orleans.
Florida's Man of the Hour . . .
La Fontaine Left $2,245,430,
With Bulk of Estate in Cash
Gambler's Widow to Receive Income;
Holdings Most Liquid Recorded in Years
! James A. La Fontaine, a domi
nant figure in gambling opera
| tions here for more than half a
century, left an estate conserva
tively valued at $2,245,430.84, of
which $1,818,763 was in cash,
i This was revealed today when
his will was filed for probate in
District Court by Charles E. Ford,
executor, trustee and attorney for
the estate.
Mr. La Fontaine, who died No
vember 21 in a Baltimore Hospital
at the age of 82, directed in his
will that the income from the
estate should go to his widow,
Mrs. Annie La Fontaine of 470
Maryland avenue S.W., during her
lifetime. Upon her death the for
tune will be divided among 11
nephews and nieces.
The will gave the first public
breakdown of the distribution of
the income acquired by Mr. La
Fontaine from gambling opera
tions at “Jimmy’s Place" on
Bladensburg road, just across the
District line, and at various other
establishments in and around
Washington during his long career
as a gambler.
Veteran court attaches said the
estate was the most liquid, con
sidering its size, that has been re
corded in the probate office in
many years.
In addition to his cash hold
ings, Mr. La Fontaine owned real
estate, the assessed value of which
was $252,000, and stocks and
bonds valued at $183,667.
Mr. Ford said the actual cash
value of much of the real estate
is far in excess of the valuation
noted for tax purposes on books
of assessors in the District :>nd
nearby Maryland.
Real estate holdings of the de
ceased gambler were widely di
versified, ranging from undevel
oped acreage in Maryland to
properties in some of Washing
ton’s most exclusive residential
sections.
Pepper and Smathers
Hold Spotlight in Four
State Primaries Today
States' Righters Face
Test in Alabama; Ohio
And Indiana Voting
By the Associated Press
National interest was focused
today on two Southern Democratic
primaries—in Florida, where Sen
ator Pepper is opposed for re
nomination by Representative
Smathers, and in Alabama, where
the States’ Righters are. facing a
test of strength.
Two other contests in Ohio and
Indiana were overshadowed by
the Southern elections, but North
ern politicians were watching the
results in Ohio, where Democrats
are picking a November opponent
for Republican Senator Taft.
In the four States nominations
are being made for a total of
three Senate and 49 House seats.
Alabama and Ohio also are nom
inating candidates for Governor.
600,000 Ballots Expected.
In Florida the veteran Senator
Pepper carried into the deciding
day a record of supporting almost
all the Truman “Fair Deal” pro
gram. Representative Smathers,
36, has been accusing Senator
Pepper of dodging the Fair Em
ployment Practices Commission
issue and of being too friendly
with Red-tinged organizations.
Senator Pepper, in turn, blasted
the Smathers’ camp for circulat
ing “dirty, vile literature trying to
discredit me.”
About 600,000 registered Demo
crats were expected to go to the
polls.
The possibility of a Pepper de
feat was taken into account in
(See PRIMARIES. Page A-6.)
John G. Erhard! Nominated
Envoy to South Africa
President Truman today nomi
nated John G. Erhardt. now
Minister to Austria, to be Am
bassador to the Union of South
Africa. He succeeds North Win
ship. resigned.
Mr. Erhardt. 60, is a career
diplomat who has been in the
foreign service since 1919.
From 1941 to 1944, he was on
duty here as chief of the Division
of Foreign Service Personnel.
He was appointed Minister to
Greece when the new government
there was recognized in 1946.
a
Two Women and Child

Flee Through Smoke
Of Burning Apartment
Girl, 7, Rouses Mother
And Relative in Time;
Boy Turns in Alarm
A mother, her daughter and a
relative escaped from a smoke
filled and burning home early to
day when fire raced through their
apartment and forced two families
in adjoining apartments to flee.
The blaze started in the apart
ment of Mr, and Mrs. Robert H.
| Pictures et Mother and Daughter Who
Escaped Eire. Page A-5
Clark, of 756 Yuma street S.E.,
one of the multiple dwelling units
in the Highland development. Mrs.
Clark, their daughter, Judith
Carole, 7, and Mr. Clarke’s cousin,
Miss Mildred Cronin, 21, made
their escape down a stairway
which was smoking as they walked
over it. Mr. Clark, an employe of
the Naval Ordnance Laboratory
at White Oak, Md., was at work.
Finds Room Afire.
Mr. Clark said his wife told him
their daughter awakened about
2:30 a.m. The mother, on being
awakened, smelled smoke, went
part way down the stairway and
saw the living room ablaze.
She called to Miss Cronin and
the three of them made their way
down the stairs through the
smoke-filled living room and out
a kitchen door.
In the adjoining apartment of
the four-family building. Mr. and
Mrs. Frank Bailey and their two
sons were awakened by a man
shouting "Bailey,” Mrs. Bailey
said. Fire did not get into their
(See FIRE, Page A-5.)
Overdue Rains to Keep
D. C. Damp Most of Week
Showers which should have
come in April are due to keep
things damp most of the rest of
this week, the Weather Bureau
said today.
Rain today, rain tomorrow, rain
Thursday and rain again Sunday
is forecast, on the heels of an
April that was the driest since
1942—just 1.8 inches when it
should have been 3.2, the bureau
said.
Even with all the rainy days
the total isn’t going to be more
than about half an inch this week,
the experts guessed. Tempera
tures are expected ttr'Vmain mild.
Central High Students
Won't Take Name to
Roosevelt With Them
Education Committee
Votes Down Merger of
School Designations
The name of Central High
School will be dropped from the
rolls of the public schools next
September, after 68 years.
This complete elimination of
Central High—both in name and
in fact—was determined by the
Board of Education's Buildings’
and Grounds’ Committee today.
The question before the commit
tee was whether to change the
name of Roosevelt High School to
Roosevelt-Central. The commit
tee decided against it. The full
board is expected to agree tomor
row.
The School Board voted recent
ly to transfer colored students
at Cardozo High School Into
the present Central High build
ing by this fall to remedy
overcrowded conditions at Car
dozo. The students at Central
were to be sent to other schools,
mainly Roosevelt.High. In an ef
fort to preserve at least the name
of Central. School Supt. Hobart M.
Corning recommended that Roose
velt’s name be changed. At a pub
lic hearing Roosevelt supporters
protested vigorously.
JVo further Recommendations.
After the- committee action to
day, Dr. Corning said that Central
was dead and that he would make
no further recommendations to
preserve even the name. He
pointed out, however, that some
provisions would be made for the
trophies, memorials and trust
funds of Central High School.
Representatives of parents of
the present Central students ap
peared at the hearing but turned
it into an opportunity to plead
with the board to rescind its ac
I tion in transferring Central to
colored students.
Mrs. Michael Troiano of the
Central Parent-Teacher Associa
tion summed up their stand when
she said they were “very disillu
sioned” over the hostility with
which the name change was re
ceived by Roosevelt.
She urged the board to rescind
its transfer of Central and instead
transfer Roosevelt High School
to colored students.
Miss Bradshaw Objects.
Others who presented approxi
mately this same point of view
were Mrs. Charles H. Repp, Mrs. I
Edwin Chappelear. W. Elwood
Baker, president of the Mount
'See CENTRAL. Page A-2.)
Alger Hiss Disbarred
In New York State
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK. May 2—Alger
Hiss, former high State Depart
ment official convicted of perjury,
was disbarred today from prac
ticing law in New York State.
The appellate division of the
Supreme Court formally struck i
Hiss’ name from the roll of attor
neys.
It ruled that his two-count per
jury conviction in Federal Cotart
here constituted commission of
felonies and that Hiss therefore
ceased to be a qualified attorney.
Hiss was convicted by a Federal
Court jury January 21 and four
days later was sentenced to a term
of five years in prison. The case
is being appealed.
The former State Department
official was found guilty of lying
under oath in denying that he
ever gave secret Government
papers to Whittaker Chambers,
jelf-styled courier for a prewar
Boviet spy ring. .
Daylight Time
Bill Is Speeded
To White House
Senate's Quick Vote
Expected to Assure
Shift This Week End
BULLETIN
The Commissioners said they
would order daylight-saving
time here "as soon as practi
cable after they ate notified
President Truman has signed
the bill authorizing it. Unless
the notification comes too lat«
in the day for most of the public
to learn of it. the daylight time
will go in effect at 2 a m. the
next day. Otherwise it will be
postponed a day.
By Don S. Warren
The Senate unanimously passed
a one-year daylight saving plan
for the District today, practically
assuring adoption of the longer
daylight hours by next Sunday.
The bill now goes to President
Truman for his approval. Be
cause the District is lagging be
hind other parts of the country
in the time switch, Mr. Truman is
expected to act immediately.
Only a minute was required for
the Senate to act once Chairman
Neely of the Senate District Com
mittee got the floor and asked for
the necessary unanimous consent.
The Senate previously had
passed a bill authorizing the Com
missioners to decide each year
whether the District would have
daylight time. Yesterday the
House ignored that decision, and
passed its own bill authorizing
daylight time this year only, thus
necessitating today's Senate ac
tion. •
O'Conor Lauds Neelv.
Senator Neely had paved th*
way for the quick Senate action
by consulting with Senate leaders
at the opening of the session.
Both Democratic and Republican
leaders were willing to have the
issue settled and out of their way.
Senator Neely also had polled
the membership of his commute*
and found that they favored ac
cepting the House bill.
Just before the Senate acted,
Senator O'Conor, Democrat, of
Maryland, rose to applaud Senator
Neely for his interest in the Dis
trict and to declare that it was
“ridiculous” that Congress should
have to take its time each spring
i to determine a question “that
[ought to be left to the discretion
of District authorities.”
The Maryland Senator added *
hope that there would have to b«
no repetition “of this sorry spec
taels" next year.
Nearby Arras to Follow.
The District already is out of
step with other big cities, which
started on daylight time Sunday
morning. Because of the result
ing confusion, there had been
renewed demands that Congress
act quickly to settle the matter.
Nearby communities are prepared
to follow Washingtons example.
Spokesmen for the District
Commissioners said they are ready
to order the time change within
a few hours after they get th#
authority.
Many of the old argument*
about daylight time were heard
yesterday in the House from farm
bloc opponents and big city sup
porters before the bill was passed.
The roll call, ending at 4:30
p.m., showed passage by a ,194-87
vote, or six more than the needed
two-thirds majority. A total of
122 Democrats, 71 Republicans
and 1 Farmer-Laborite voted for
the bill. Voting against the bill
were 42 Democrats and 45 Re
publicans.
Eight members of the House
District Committee voted for the
bill, and an equal number voted
against it.
mow mey voted.
Those voting for were Chair
man McMillan and Representa
tives Klein of New York. Harris
of Arkansas, Teague of Texas,
Kennedy of Massachusetts and
Granger of Utah, all Democrats,
and Auchincloss of New Jersey
and Allen of California, Repub
licans.
Those voting against were
Representatives Abernethy of
Mississippi, Davis of Georgia.
Smith of Virgniia, fbfcdden of
North Carolina and Jones of
Missouri. Democrats and Simp
son of Illinois, O’Hara of Min
nesota and Talle of Iowa, Re
publicans.
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