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Partly cloudy today and tonight with high today in mid 70s, low tonight about 58. Tomorrow partly cloudy and warmer. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 58 6 a.m. _.-58 11 a.m. ...61 2 a.m. .--58 8 a.m. -.-58 Noon -J„-62 4 a.m._57 10 a.m._60 1 p.m._63 Lote New York Morkets, Page A-27. Gulda for Raadars rW After Dark-D-4 Amusement* ..A-tS Comics_D-18-1S Editorial -.A-18 Edit 1 Articles. .A-18 Finance ..A-57 ru< Lost and Found. A-l Obituary .A-t« Radio .D-lt Sports_C-l-5 Women's Section_B-I-* An Assoc ic fed Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 124. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MAY 4, 1950—SEVENTY PAGES. Cit» Hens* D»Ut«t7. DftllT ftsd Sued*?. ftl.SO ft HtwUl. WB.n ft m f't’VT'Q SundiTS. *1 JO. Nt*ht Pln»! Bditioo. *1 30 udIMOMf Manib •* '-/AL.Xft A O McCarthy Says Amerasia Gave « Atom Data to Russia 6 Months Before U. S. Bombed Hiroshima - t-: Fight Just Begun, Irate Democrats Tell Senator By Cecil Holland Senator McCarthy, Republican, of Wisconsin said today testimony will be given Senate investigators indicating that operators of the magazine Amerasia in 1945 were “collecting and transmitting to Russia the secrets of the atomic bomb.” A Senate group is studying the Amerasia case as part of its in vestigation of Senator McCarthy’s charges of communism in the State Department. He told a news conference that State Department employes “were part of the espionage ring.” He said atom bomb data were handed to the Soviet Union as early as six months before the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. Senator McCarthy named the witness he said could give this tes tomony as Frank Bielp.ski, once an agent for the wartime Office of Strategic Services. While Senator McCarthy was holding his news conference, Mr. Bielaski was being questioned be hind closed doors by the subcom mittee. Meanwhile, Senate Democratic leaders said “we've just started to fight” after confronting Senator McCarthy with a blistering chal lenge to prove his charges of communism in the State Depart ment. The challenge was hurled in an uproarous Senate debate late yesterday during which Senator McCarthy's truthfulness was ques tioned. He was told he ought to be “scourged from the society of decent people” if he fails to pro duce proof to support his charges The verbal battle, marked by bitterness seldom seen in the Sen ate, revolved around whether Senator McCarthy had said in a February 9 speech at Wheeling. W. Va., that he held in ?his hand “a list of 205” names of State Department employes known to the Secretary of State to be Com munists and who, -nevertheless, were still working and “shaping policy” in the department. Denies Using Figure. Senator McCarthy has said re peatedly. on the Senate floor and elsewhere, that he did not use that figure. Armed with affidavits from two officials of a Wheeling radio station that broadcast the speech, the Democrats, in an organized way, undertook to show that he did—and, moreover, that he had been guilty of misrepresentation to the Senate itself. Before the debate was over, Senate Democratic Leader Lucas of Illinois had been ordered to take his seat after Senator Wherry of Nebraska, the Repub lican leader, angrily charged that he had called Senator McCarthy "a liar.” Closed Session Held. With the promise of more and angrier charges still to come, the Senate Foreign Relations sub committee investigating the Mc Carthy charges met in a closed •ession today. Chairman Tydings of the five man subcommittee indicated the group would begin an inquiry in to the 1945 Amerasia case with Frank Bielaski, agent of the war time Office of Strategic Services, as the witness. This case involves the illegal possession of secret Government documents. The committee also may con sider contempt citations against Earl Browder, former Communist leader, and Frederick Vanderbilt Field. Lucas Starts Debate. The latest in a series of Senate debates on the McCarthy charges was touched off by Senator Lucas in what seemed to gallery observ ers as a well organized—and cer tainly well-staged — demonstra tion. It was opened after two recent events which, in retrospect, seemed to set the background for (See COMMUNISTS, Page A-3.) Oxford Professor Succeeds Fuchs in British Atom Post By th* Aisociattd Pre«« LONDON, May 4.—Britain ap pointed an Englishman today to succeed atom spy Dr. Klaus Fuchs In Its top atom research post. Dr. Maurice H. L. Pryce. 37, who studied at Princeton on a fellowship from 1935 to 1937, was named chief of the theoretical physics division at Harwell, the Ministry of Supply’s atom city. Dr. Fuchs. German-born but naturalized, was sentenced to 14 years in prison March 1 for be traying secrets to Russia. Dr. Pryce, a professor of physics at the University of Oxford, has been acting as a consultant at Harwell. Remington Says He Didn't Know 7936 Roommates Were Reds Admits Receiving Unfavorable TVA Personnel Report By Robert K. Walsh William W. Remington, Com merce Department economist, told a House committee today that in 1936-7 he was unaware that two men he lived with while a TVA messenger were Communist Party workers. As the House Committee on Un American Activities reopened the case of the 32-year-old Govern ment employe, once cleared by the Feleral Loyalty Review Board, he admitted that while in Tennessee he knew several other persons de scribed by investigators as Com munists. He also admitted that he re ceived an unfavorable personnel report by his TVA supervisors in Knoxville, Tenn. The report, read to the commit tee, commended Mr. Remington's potential ability but complained that the then 18-year-old youth seemed lazy on the messenger job and too much interested in out side activities. i But Mr. Remington, in testi mony and in a prepared state-! ment he gave out at the start of today’s hearings, asserted he never | has been a Communist and never knowingly worked or associated [with Communists. "I was encouraged in the hope Gen. MacArthur Slaps At Reds for Complaint About Bases in Japan Provocative Impertinence, He Says to Charge U. S. Violates Allied Policy By the Associated Press TOKYO. May 4.—Gen. Mac Arthur today rebuked as “pro vocative impertinence" a Russian claim that maintenance of Ameri can military bases in Japan violates Allied occupation policies. In a sharp 250 words the Supreme Commander dismissed yesterday's demand by Lt. Gen.! Kuzma Derevyanko for an ex planation of the “reconstruction: of the former Japanese naval and air bases" in Japan and Okinawa. MacArthur told the top Russian representative in Japan that Okinawa does not come under international control. He con tinued: “The United States Govern ment is entirely free to take such military measures therein as it may deem advisable. Your inquiry' concerning this matter is there fore a presumption without the| slightest excuse of validity." Gen. MacArthur told Gen.! Derevyanko that “your professed anxiety with reference to Japan proper, which is subject to limited international supervision, is quite groundless." The Allied commander went on to say the demilitarization ordered by the Far Eastern Commission jhas been accomplished, and he ' added: ‘As for bases and installations: for the forces of occupation noth' American and British, they are— and will continue to be so lo^g as occupation lasts—maintained in a condition of such adequacy I and preparedness as will insure j the fullest security, operational efficiency, and most complete readiness for any eventuality " He bluntly informed the Rus sian that, military details about Japanese bases “are matters which concern only their commanders.”j Gen. MacArthur said the fu ture of these bases can be deter-! ! mined only by a Japanese peace treaty. The occupation chief eon ; eluded: "Ah of these facts are so well j Known to you, who have been here from the beginning of the .tccu* ration, that I cannot accept t* t integrity of intent of your letter It can only be regarded as a vehicle c-f propagand* o'- -. pro vocative impertinence.” Bulletin Senate Passes Harbors Bill The Senate, by a vote of 44 to 24, today passed and sent to the White House the $1,730,251,825 omnibus rivers and harbors bill already passed by the House. It carries a long-range program of flood-control projects on the Anacostia River to cost about $4.5 million and a project for removing water chestnuts from the Potomac River to cost about i $142,000. f' WILLIAM W. REMINGTON, As he testified today. —Star Staff Photo. that my loyalty had been estab lished beyond further question by the settlement, for a substantial sum, of a libel suit which I had <See REMINGTON, Page A-6.) Russia and Red China Prepare World War, Nationalists Charge Formosa Leaders Declare Soviet Threw Warships, Planes Into Civil War By the Associated Prete TAIPEI, Formosa. May 4.—Na tionalist China’s top leaders told visiting American newsmen today | that Russia and Red China are preparing for world war. The Russians, they said, have ; thrown planes, warships and men into the fight to knock out the Nationalists, now standing on a few fringe islands with their : backs to the sea. Gen. Chou Chi-jou, chief of the joint general staff, said: One hundred Chinese Commun ist divisions are being “Sovietized” in organization and equipment. Russia has promised the Chi nese Reds 600 planes. Already 237 are in the Shanghai area. At least 20 have been identified as jets. Subs Prowl China Coast. Soviet submarines are using Tsingtao as a base in addition to Dairen and Port Arthur. Russian subs prowl the entire China coast, have been spotted near Shanghai, Formosa and Hainan. Russia gave the Chinese Reds 34 warships, totaling 37,000 tons, received from Japan as war rep arations. A total of 23,000 Soviet advisers and technicians are in Red China. Of these, 12,000 are with the army, 8,000 with the navy and 3,000 with the air force. President Chiang Kai-shek told the 19 newsmen who arrived here yesterday they had come to For mosa "at the critical moment in our history... in which we are engaged in a life-and-death j struggle.” “See for yourselves and reach your own conclusions,” he urged. Premier Chen Cheng said: Premier Asks Help. "You’ve come at a time of cold war throughout the world to For mosa from which a hot war is being fought—We not only are I determined to fight to the very last, but are also confident of final ; victory.” The Reds must attack Formosa before July or wait until next j spring because of rough weather, I Chen said. He pleaded for help— ; equipment, money, moral support. Reds Say U. S. Organizes Nationalist Air Brigade SAN FRANCISCO, May 4 UP).— The Chinese Communists said yes terday that an “international air brigade is being organized under American leadership” to fight for the hard-pressed Chinese Na tionalists. A broadcast by the Peiping radio, heard here by the Associ ated Press, charged “complicity of the American government in this new plot.” It added: “This brigade is being formed in close connec tion with other imperialist coun tries as well as America.” The Red radio said an organi zational meeting was held in St. Louis April 29 under the leader ship of N. Castle, a former United States Air Force captain. ] Truman Says He's Optimistic About Peace House Committee Votes to Extend Draft Two Years President Truman said today he is not alarmed over the cold war situation. He said conditions now are much better than in 1946 and that he is optimistic over hopes for peace. While he was expressing his views at his weekly press confer ence, the House Armed Services Committee, meeting in closed ses sion, voted to report favorably a bill to extend the draft act for another two years. The President’s optHnism ex tended to a forecast of a lower defense budget next year. In speaking of that, Mr. Tru man had in mind the Government fiscal year beginning July 1, 1951. The present year, as he used the phrase, is the 12 months begin jning next July 1. Questioned About Tydings Speech. Mr. Truman’s news conference remarks were touched off by ques tions about a speech Seriator Tyd ings, Democrat, of Maryland made to the Rotary Club here yes i terday. Senator Tydings, chair ; man of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said he feared a war might start "accidentally” at any j time. A reporter told Mr. Truman that Senator Tydings said this country i( close to a shooting war with Russia. The President said he thought Senator Tydings was unduly alarmed if he said that. Mr. Truman withheld comment on an assertion by Dr. Edwin G. Nourae that the United States is spending too much on arma ment. The President said that he had presented a good budget and a tight budget. 14 Billions Requested. His budget calls for the spend ing of $13,911,000,000 on defense needs. An additional $350 mil lion has been voted by the House Appropriations Committee, mainly for air power. In the same optimistic note, he said there was nothing in the in ternational outlook to scare us into putting more money into de fense than strategic planning al lowed. One reporter told the President that the argument is being heard in the Senate that due to the size of the National deficit this country cannot afford the Mar shall Plan. The President responded by asking if that isn't the same old argument that’s been raised all the time. He added that the rea son for the deficit lies in the re fusal of Congress to provide ade quate taxes. Calls Marshall Plan Necessary. The President said that the Marshall Plan is necessary in the conduct of the cold war and that it’s cheaper than a shooting war. Chairman Vinson promised that (See DEFENSE, Page A-6.) $7,000 Goes Unclaimed DAYTON, Ohio, May 4 (JP).— Four months ago trash collectors found more than $7,000 in cash in a paper box—and so far no one has come to claim it. City Manager A. C. Bergman of subur ban Oakwood said the money was discovered in the back yard of Louis Prenoas' home. Weather Forecast Two Gargotta Partners Refuse to Say if They Serve Bookmakers Continental Race Service Hit by Tobey as Trying to Put Probers Off Track By Miriam Ottenberg Two acknowledged partners of Charles Gargotta, slain Kansas City mobster, today refused to tell Senate gambling investigators! if any of the customers of their! race news distributing company are bookmakers. The two witnesses, however,! supplied enough information to a Ousted Commissioner Says Binoggio * Hoped to Become State Cter. Pg. A-15 Erickson Paid Involves Gambling figures in New Jersey and Sf. Louis. Page A-23 Kefauver Crime Probe Waits Naming el Committee by Barkley. Page A-2 --— Senate Commerce Subcommittee for Senator Tobey, Republican, of !New Hampshire to charge that ; Continental Press Service—Na tion-wide race wire service—is playing “ducks and drakes” with the subcommittee. ! Senator Tobey made the charge after one of the witnesses. Eddie “Spitz” Osadchey, testified his dis tributing company — Standard News Service—gets its racing in formation from the General News Service Bureau of Chicago and used to get it from the Midwest News Service of Chicago. Denied Having Outlet. Both outfits, it was brought out, have been listed by Western Union as subdistributors or sub-sub distributors on the Continental network. Neither firm was on the; list of customers supplied the sub committee by Continental, which flatly denied it had an outlet in Kansas City. Senator Tobey accused Conti nental of trying to throw the committee off the track. “I hate to see this crowd think they can put things over on us,” Senator Tobey declared. Sutyommittee Chairman Mc Farland, Democrat, of Arizona assured his colleague that “they’re not going to.” The chairman I said he had intended to close the hearings with today’s testimony (Continued on Page A-6, Col. 1.) Czech Reds Attack Pope PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, May 4 (jP>.—Rude Pravo, official news paper of the Czechoslovak Com munist Party, attacked Pope Pius XH today for his recent audience with representatives of the United States Chamber of Commerce. The Pope had wished the Amer icans well in the development of their business. -——---I Midweek Time Change Brings Yawns, Yipes From Early Risers Four days late, Washington j and its suburbs went on daylight saving time at 2 a.m. Tangled in congressional red tape, the bill authorizing the Dis trict to get in step with the Northeastern States became effec tive at that hour, when it sud denly became 3 a.m. For everybody who had to be at work today it meant an hour s loss of sleep—an hour that will not be repaid until the last Sun day in September, when standard time goes back into effect. It brought moans and groans from early risers. But it was a short night—or shorter by 60 minutes at least— for workers on the midnight to 8 a.m. shift. This is the first time Washing ton has made the big shift in mid week. Usually, it comes at 2 am. on a Sunday, as it did this week for other big Eastern cities. Most of the 23,000 clocks in United States Government build ings were set ahead by master control mechanisms, but nearly 500 had to be advanced individual ly by hand. The same went for; timepieces in District offices. Hardest job of all was advanc ing the hands of the huge clock atop the old Post Office Building, at Twelfths street and Pennsyl vania avenue N.W. It meant one worker had to climb inside and juggle the cumbersome cogs. Newspaper offices got the usual sporadic phone calls from worried citizens who wanted to know whether they should set their clocks ahead or back. At the Naval Observatory, the time change meant very little. The usual time signals, based on the stars and not on congressional action, went out every two hours One girl at the observatory said she had received several inquiries on how clocks should be set and (Spe DAYLIGHT 8AVING, A-*.) Jail Guard Says He Put Towel Around Davis' Neck in Struggle Employe Placed on Annual Leave After Adding To Earlier Report in Prisoner's Death Here Authorities have placed on an nual leave a District Jail guard j who told police he put a towel around the neck of Leroy Davis, i 31. colored, an inmate who died suddenly Friday as guards strug gled to subdue him. The guard, James Kirkpatrick, added the information about using the towel to a statement he earlier had given police about the struggle. He said, however, that "the towel was around his neck just a minute or so and wasn't held tight during all that time.” Donald Clemmer. corrections di rector, said the placing of Kirk patrick on annual leave was or dered because of his report about the towei. Use of the towel, he said, was an "improper custodial method.” After reading a routine police account meanwhile, the Commis sioners today ordered a further investigation and report of the death. The Commissioners instructed Police Supt. Robert J. Barrett to order a more thorough inquiry after reading a report filed by De tective Sergts. Walter B. Vogel sang and Bernard Crooke of the homicide squad. Contents of the preliminary report were not dis closed. Davi$ awaiting trial on house breaking charges, died after being taken from his cell where police said he had been acting "very j wild.” A struggle ensued, it was re- j ported, before guards succeeded in restraining Davis while a Gal linger Hospital intern attempted to administer a sedative by hypo dermic injection. Lt. John K. Baker, of Homicide, has been assigned to supervise (See PRISONER. Page A-6.) Pakistan Needs Aid, Particularly Arms, Prime Minister Says Didn't Get Full Share on Partition From India, Liaquat Ali Declares Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan of Pakistan said to^ay that his country is on the lookout for foreign aid, particularly in the matter of arms. The visiting Prime Minister told a press conference at Prospect Nehru Urges Pakistan, India ta Unite far Peace. Page A-4 House that Pakistan did not get “her share” of arms when the country was divided from India in 1947. Since that time, she has been buying some equipment from countries other than the United States, and this, he said, “has been a heavy drain on our re sources.” “We have the best human ma terial in the world,” he added, “and I want them to have the finest equipment we can afford.” The Prime Minister did not say that he is seeking arms aid from the United States. However, he praised the quality of American equipment. Red Spread Doubted. The Prime Minister said the religious convictions of his people will prevent the spread of com munism in the country. He admitted that Pakistan like most countries has some Com munists. But he added: “If you ask if communism is a threat of any import in Pakistan, it is not." "The vast majority of Pakistan are Moslem. We have our own way of life and other ways of life are not likely to find fertile ground there.” He added that to his way of thinking the Communist and Is lamic ideologies are mutually ex clusive “to a very large degree.” The Prime Minister, who had • See PRIME MINISTER, A-4.) Bombs Blow Up in Sicily, Killing 14, Wounding 40 I, the Auociated Prut CATANIA. Sicily, May 4.—A store of large aerial bombs ex ploded near here today, killing 14 persons and injuring 40. The 14 killed were workers dis arming the bombs to take the ex plosives for industrial uses. The store contained 30 bombs weigh ing 3,600 pounds each. They blew up when a workman was taking ' the caps off one of them. Truman Says Taylor Wasn't Asked to Join Train Tour in Idaho Adds Local Politicians In State Primaries Won't Get Aboard By Joseph A. Fox | President Truman today denied published reports that Senator Taylor. Democrat, of Idaho has been invited to tour his State aboard the presidential special train next week. The President added that it was not intended to ask local politi cians to accompany him as he travels through their territory. This was the same rule followed in the "non-political” June trip: West in 1948, and the President was emphatic in saying that it: would be applied particularly in States where there are primary, contests. Senator Taylor has sev- i eral primary opponents, including former Senator Clark, whom he defeated in 1944. Senator Taylor, who bolted his party in 1948 to run as Vice Presi ! dent with Henry Wallace, was quoted by the Associated Press | yesterday as saying that National j Committee officials had asked him \ to accompany the President | through Idaho. The repercussion from angry Democrats was prompt. The President said he would be glad to see Senator Taylor when j he reached Idaho and shake hands with him, just as he would any other public official. With a chuckle, he said he wanted to be courteous but that he intended to preserve his neu trality where primary fights are i See TAYLOR. Page A-6 > House Committee Bars Cuts In Whisky and Beer Taxes ly the Associated Press The House Ways and Means | Committee today voted against any cut in Federal taxes on whis ky and beer. Working on a proposed tax cutting bill, the committee reject ed motions to: 1. Reduce the $9-a-gallon liquor tax to $7.50. This would have trimmed Federal revenues by $200 million. The whisky tax was raised $3 a gallon during the war. 2. Cut the $8-a-barrel beer tax by 50 cents. If approved, thisi would have saved beer drinkers about $40 million a year in taxes. No proposal was made today to reduce wine excise imposts. Chrysler Strike Settled; Pension Of $100 Granted Union Says It Got 10-Cent Package, but Is Bitter at Company By tK# Auetiottd fr«ti DETROIT, May 4 —The billion dollar-plus Chrysler strike was settled today—an hour and a half before it became 100 days old. The CIO United Auto Workera and Chrysler Corp. signed a con tract at 9:25 a m. (EDT» carry ing $100 monthly pensions, in cluding social security benefits, for workers 65 with 25 years’ service. The contract also boosts wages in some parts plants, and in creases medical, hospital and in surance benefits of employes. The pension section runs five years, that covering wages and other items for three. The wages and insurance sec tion may be reopened once after July 1, 1951, and once after July 1. 1952. by either side. Bitterness Persists. The union claims its gain* equal the “lO-cent-an-hour pack age” it demanded when it called the walkout. Bitterness persisted after the announcement of the settlement. Union negotiators refused pho tographers’ requests to pose with Chrysler officials in a show of •friendliness customary under such j circumstances. The 89.000 striking Chrysler unionists will begin returning to work Monday. Most of the 50,000 idle in supplier plants will follow them, though some supplier firms already have recalled their workers. Chrysler is shooting at maxi mum car and truck production within two weeks in its 25 Chrys ler, Dodge, De Soto and Plymouth plants across the country. Locals to Vote Saturday. Local unions will vote on rati fication of the contract Saturday, but none is expected to reject it. Approval usually is automatic. UAW President Walter Reuther claimed these gains in addition to pensions and hospital-medical and insurance benefits: Three cents an hour more for workers in Chrysler plants at Ko komo, New Castle and Evansville. Ind. Three to 13 cents an hour more for workers in several Chrysler parts plants. A boost of $31.10 a year in va cation pay for workers with three to five years’ service. (It is cus tomary in the auto industry to take pay in lieu of vacations.) A check-off of union dues. (A plan under which the company deducts union dues from wage payments). The UAW lost its demand for a ! union shop, under which all work ers would have been forced to j join the union—after obtaining jobs if not before. The company still contends the union could have got virtually | what it received today without the strike, which cost an esti mated *1,383,720,880 in lost wages and sales. Only the General Motors strike of 1945-6 lasted longer or cost more. It cost *1,457,000,000 and lasted 113 days. Mr. Reuther and other union negotiators were bitter as they told reporters of the settlement. His voice unsteady with anger, Mr. Reuther declared: “Chrysler Corp. has sunk to a low never before attained in the auto industry.’’ There was not even a surface show of amity, such as usually at tends the end of negotiations. Asked to prose for pictures with Chrysler negotiators, the union men voted to refuse. “The committee will not dignify the Chrysler Corp. by posing with them,” Mr. Reuther said. “As late as yesterday.” he added, See CHRYSLER, Page A-5.) British Boat Reported Seized by Russians By th« Associated Prato LONDON. May 4.—The British ; government today was investigat ing the reported seizure by Rus sians of a British fishing trawler in northern waters near the Scan dinavian Peninsula. A Russian Embassy spokesman here said he had heard nothing about it. The Standard Steam Pishing Co., owner of the 373-ton Etruria, said yesterday the ship was board ed by Russians in the White Sea. The owner said the ship and it* crew of 24 were taken to Mur mansk. North Russian port. The British admiralty said a British mine sweeper on fishery protection duty in Northern Nor wegian waters is standing by In case of need. ^ The Etruria was said to have been picked up once before—last December—by a Norwegian gun boat for fishing inside Norwegian waters. The skipper. James Chap man. was fined the equivalent of $5,600. The Russians claim their terri torial waters extend 12 miles out. British fishing vessels are allowed to enter the White Sea outside this limit.