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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 04, 1950, Image 4

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Nehru Urges Pakistan,
India to End Strife
And Unite in Policies
• y th« A>»ocio>«d frtjj
NEW DELHI, May 4.—Indian
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
today urged a change in the “poi
sonous atmosphere” between India
and Pakistan. He said the two
countries should have common
foreign and defense policies.
Mr. Nehru told a joint meeting
of Indian and Pakistani newspa
per editors that the two neighbors,
by following a common policy, can
play a large part in Asian and
eWorld affairs.
India and Pakistan, he said, "in
a hundred ways are so closely con
nected that this is the natural, in
evitable course for them to follow.”
Points Up Necessity.
He added this was necessaryj
"not merely from an idealistic, but!
a sheer opportunistic point of
view.”
He urged that fear and suspi
cion be removed from the minds
of the Hindu and Moslem minori
ties, whose communal clashes
along each country’s borders have
grown into threats of war.
This religious conflict, which
was fanned into an open flame
when the two' countries gained
their independence from the 300
year British rule, “only tended to
(Usable both countries for genera
tions to play their joint part in
Asian and world affairs,” Mr.
Nehru said.
Press Group Arrives.
Pakistan Minister of Interior K.
Shahbuddln appealed for the cre->
ation of conditions where the!
minorities could spend their lives
in peace, safety and honor, and
in exercise of their religious, cul
tural and civic rights.
A 28-member Pakistan press
Relegation arrived here Tuesday
2to confer with Indian editors to
Revise a common code for carry
ing out the terms of the agreement
^signed April 8 by Mr. Nehru and
Pakistan’s Prime Minister Liaquat
Ali Khan. The agreement is
aimed at ending the religious
strife and settling other differ
ences between the two countries.
$■
Prime Minister
(Continued From First Page.)
.received an invitation to visit Mos
cow before he accepted President
Truman’s invitation, was asked
-about his plans for a trip to Rus
aia. He answered that “no date
has yet been fixed” for such a
visit.
Democratic Path Chosen.
Later, the Prime Minister told
Congress that “No threat or per
suasion, no material peril or ideo
logical allurement can deflect us
from the path we have chosen.”
That path, he said, is based on
.“the principles ‘.Pt democracy,
freedom,’ eqaulity! tolerance and
social justice as enunciated by
Islam. ... It believes in the
right of all men and in the right
of each individual to enjoy the
, fruit of his or her effort, enter
prise, capacity and skill—provided
*that these be honestly employed.
It Armly b*liev**.~uk-itae right-of
private ownership, although it
frowns on large accumulations of
unearned wealth . . .”
The Prime Minister urged the
“leaders 'of world opinion will
pursue the path of understanding
and will use their wisdom and
power to dispel and not to en
„ hance the fears of an apprehensive
~ world.”
"Our people.” he said, “are
deeply distressed at the thought
that world-wide destruction might
overtake, not only the fuller life
to which they aspire but the entire
civilization with all its magnificent
achievements and illimitable op-i
portunities for good.”
Speaks at Press Club.
Prom the Capitol, the Prime
Minister drove to the National
Press Club, where he spoke on
Pakistan’s foreign policy. In the
course of the talk, the name of
Russia was not mentioned once.
As an Asiatic country that has
only recently achieved independ
ence, he said, Pakistan has “the
greatest sympathy for and under-:
standing of the resurgent na
tionalism” in the countries of
Southeast Asia.
“The belief is growing in our
minds,” he continued, "that peace
and stability in Asia are essential
for peace and stability in the
world. We regard with great
anxiety any disruptive movement
(nywhere in Asia which might
ttidanger this stability.
“It Is with these objectives in
mind that we have established
friendly relations with the govern
ment of the Indonesian Republic
ahd with Premier Thakin Nu's
government in Burma.”
* Pakistan, he added, has recog
nized the Communist government
In China "as accepting an estab
lished fact and m order to iase the
flow of trade.” An early peace
treaty with Japan and the res
IF.USED "1
f SPINETS 1
I *195 *245 *2851
1*395 *425 .|
Good Makes
PIANO MART <
1915 Seventh St. N.W.
PRESIDENT GREETS MOSLEM PEACE-MAKER—Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan of Pakistan
is welcomed to this country by Mr# Truman with a brisk handshake at National Airport. Mrs.
Truman smiles a hello to the Minister's wife, the Begum. —Star Staff Photo.
toration of Japan’s economy, he
said, would be welcomed.
The basis of Pakistan’s foreign
policy, said the Prime Minister, is
the “irrisistable national demand ”
of its people, which brought about
the creation of the separate state.
The creat'ion of Pakistan in 1947
came about, he said, “because 100
million Moslems found themselves:
in a minority in British India and
w'ere convinced that under the
majority rule of Hindus their cul
ture was in danger of efface
ment... ”
First Trip to America.
Liaquat Ali Khan is here on a
good-will tour which will take
him from coast to coast before
his return to Pakistan. It is his
first trip to the United States.
Concerning the explosive issue
of Kashmir, which lies on the
northeast border of Western Pak
istan. the Primp Minister said
in his press conference that the
future of the area will be de
termined by the will of its peo
ple. Both India and Pakistan
have claimed the territory of
Kashmir.
Although the Prime Minister
spoke of Pakistan’s hope for eco
nomic aid, he avoided any spe
cific discussion of possible loans
from the United States or • the
Wdiltf Bank'. He said that ohe of
the great problems of the country
is getting arms.
Busy Schedule Today.
A busy schedule wras laid out
today for the visiting Prime Min
ister.
First item was a shift of qualteil
Prime- Minister and htt
wdfe from Blair House, where they
spent the night with the Presi
dent’s family, to Prospect House
where they will stay for the re
mainder of their three-day visit.
This afternoon, following the
usual procedure prescribed for
visiting dignitaries, Liaquat Ali
Khan w ill tour Mount Vernon and
lay a w-reath on the tomb of the
Unknown Soldier at Arlington.
- Then the party will go to the
Pentagon for a meeting with De
fense Secretary Johnson and the
Joint Chiefs of Staff. The day
will be topped off by a dinner at
Anderson House, given by Secre
tary of State and Mrs. Acheson.
Arrived Yesterday.
There was something of an Ori
ental flavor to the ceremonies at
the Airport yesterday, w'hen the
Independence nosed down through
the overcast, bearing its distin
guished passengers.
Most of the diplomats repre
senting the British Commonwealth
nations were on hand, conspicuous
among them Madame Pandit, the
Ambassador from India, whose
government, and that of Pakistan
have not always been on cordial
terms.
President Truman and his cabi
net led the welcome.
The Prime Minister and the
Begum were guests of honor at
a dinner given by the Trumans
at Blair House last night.
The pace of the Prime Minister’s
visit will relax somewhat tomorow,
when the main item on the
schedule is a trip to the Naval
Academy at Annapolis.
Saturday, the party will leave
I for New York.
Minnesota Quadruplets
'Doing Nicely' in Incubators
•y th« Associated Press
SLEEPY EYE, Minn., May 4.—
Quadruplets born to a farm wife
—the first 20 minutes after she
reached a hospital here yesterday
:—were "doing mceJl” to.incuba
tors today. ’ . *
Dr. Elmer E. Keitliahn said the
j three girls and a boy w'ere de
livered in two and one-half hours
to Mr and Mrs. Arthur Feifert.
who live 7 miles from Sleepy Lye.
The couple had expected triplets.
The babies ranged from two
pounds, four* ounces to four and
one-half pounds. The smallest,
while feebler than the others, ap
pears healthy, the doctor reported.
Mrs. Feifert is the mother of
six other children, including a pair
of twins. She was reported in
fair condition.
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Two Identify Gunman
As Warring Robber
A thrice - convicted gunman
under arrest in New York has
been “positively identified” by two
witnesses in the $24,000 robbery
of Emmitt Warring, Police Chief
Robert J. Barrett has announced.
Local police will lodge retainers
against Arthur Pelkisson, 38, who
is being held in New York on an
other robbery charge, and may be
imprisoned for life there if con
victed again, police said.
The identification was made in
the Bronx County court yester
day by Warring’s brother-in-law,
William Cady, and a maid, Louise
Enos, who previously had been
shown Pelkisson’s picture.
The two had been tied up by
three gunmen who invaded the
Washington gambler’s home in the
3900 block of Macomb street N.W.
last January, waited for Warring
and forced him to open his safe.
The other two suspects also
have been identified — Sidney
Stromberg, being held in Potts
ville. Pa., in a gang killing, and
Malcolm Epstein, under arrest in
Pittsburgh for a series of robberies.
Police were doubtful today
whether any of the three suspects
could be brought here for trial be
cause of prior charges lodged
against them in other jurisdic
tions.
Begum Discourses on Love And Life in Far-Off Pakistan
The wile of the Prime Minister
of Pakistan discussed marriage
and life in Pakistan with 30
American women today.
Begum Liaquat Ali told a li
brary full of newspaperwomen in
Prospect house:
“For me it was a love marriage,
although marriages are arranged
in my country. There is a lot to
be said for this system because
I’ve seen so many cases of love
! marriages go bust."
The slight, olive-skinned Begum
I (which is a courtesy title of aris
tocracy) said that polygamy is
allowed—but rare—in Pakistan.
“You see," she explained, “a
man can't marry more than one
woman unless he is fair and just
to all wives. It thus boils down
to his being able to keep only
j one. And really, today a man can
i afford only one wife.
I “I know only one wife is allowed
in the West—but look at the
1 things that go on."
Met Husband During Speech.
The Begum said she met her
husband w'hile he was making
“one of his famous speeches" in
the assembly.
“That got me." she chuckled,
“you know how college girls are.”
Pakistan women differ from
their Western sisters in many
ways, she said. For instance, they
don’t wear skirts: rather, they
affect “gararas” or divided pants.
The Begum stood up and ex
plained that she was wearing 14
yards of flimsy lime silk chiffon.
This included the trousers, a
“kurte” (tunic) and a “dupatta"
(veil).
The women of Pakistan left the
seclusion of their homes only
after partition 2’2 years ago when
the country was flooded with 7
million refugees. The Begum co- :
ordinated women's activities with
the formation of the Pakistan
Women's Voluntary Service.
Moslem girls were pried from
old prejudices and customs to man
the Employment Exchange Bu
reau, Lost and Pound Bureau.
Marriage Bureau. Widow's Home
and Abducted Women's Home.
More than 60,000 women'' were
kidnaped during the upheaval.
Organization of a Women's Na- j
tional Guard came next. As a
brigadier, the Begum paraded and
footadrilled with the rank and
file.
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The mother of two sturdy boys
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president of the Pakistan Cottage
Industries Association. Its aim is
to revive and encourage hand in
dustries which provide steady
and fair employment and wages
for village and refugee men and
women.
The Begum has Master of Arts
degrees in economics and soci
ology. She can type and play
the piano and guitar.
King Receives Jessup
LONDON. May 4 (Ah —Dr. Philip
C. Jessup. United States Ambassa
dor-at-large. was received by King
George VI at Buckingham Palaca
yesterday
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