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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 09, 1950, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Sunny, high in mid 70s today. Partly
cloudy tonight and tomorrow; possible
showers tomorrow. Low tonight in upper
50s. (Pull report on Page A-2.)
Midnight, 51 6 a.m. ___46 11 a.m. ...64
2 a.m. 49 8 a.m. ___49 Noon_67
4 a.m. ...47 10 a.m. ...58 1 p.m. -_.68
Lot* New York Morkats, Page A-21.
Guide for Readers
rut
Alter Dark B-15
Amusements A-16
Classified B-15-S0
Comics B-SS-SS
Editorial A-IS
Finance - ..A-SI
Put
Edit 1 Article* A-U
Lost and Found. A-l
Radio .. B-tl
Sports A-17-H
Obituary A-14 j
Women's Sec t. B*S-«
An Associated Press Newspaper
98th Year. No. 129. Phone ST. 5000 ★* S
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 9, 1950—FORTY-SIX PAGES.
City Horn* EteliTtry. Ev*'.:y «na 8una«j. »l *0 • Mont*. *b»b » 9 f rVTO
Sundoys. *5 30 Vl*ht Fin»i edition S! 30 end SJ *0 dot Month ** 3- O
Truman to Fight
'Greed' in West
Development
Says in Wyoming
Speech He Opposes
Teapot Dome Ideas
ly th« Associated Press
ABOARD TRUMAN TRAIN,
May 9.—President Truman de
clared today his administration
will push the development of the
West over the opposition of “re
actionary forces’’ of “privilege and
greed” with their philosophy of
"Teapot Dome.”
The President carried his day
and night cross-country stump
Partial Text of Truman's Nebraska and
Wyoming Speeches. Page A-6
Truman Trip Has Appearance of Seminar
on Fair Deal. Page A-6
Republican Answer to Truman Delivered
*by Senator Wherry. Page A-6
ing tour into Wyoming after tell
ing an agricultural crowd at Lin
coln, Nebr., enactment of the con
troversial Brannan farm plan
would help assure “peace and
prosperity for ourselves and the
world.”
In a speech prepared for an
audience today at Caspar, Wyo.,
the Chief Executive described the
new Korts Dam, 50 miles away, as
a source of “wealth and strength
for the people of the world.”
And he scoffed at those who cry
"socialism,” “regimentation,” or
"bonndoggle” at Government wa
ter and land resource develop
ment.
Solemn Note in Speeches.
Mr. Truman revived the old
"Teapot Dome” oil scandal, con
trasting the philosophy of “Tea
pot Dome” with that behind the
construction of the Kortes Dam.
The solemn note he sounded in
speeches yesterday in Illinois and
Iowa crept into his Casper talk.
“We are engaged in a world
wide struggle to bring lasting
peace to the world,” he said. “Irl
that struggle we are being opposed
by a cynical imperialism which
asserts that freedom and democ
racy are soft and Incapable of
strong action.”
By developing projects like the
Kortes Dam, Mr. Truman contin
uned, this country, “can prove
how false, how hollow, are the
claims of communism."
In the democratic tradition, he
added, “we shall move forward on
the path of freedom and peace.”
Congress “Moving Forward.”
In the same vein, Mr. Truman
told his farm audience at Lincoln
last night that the production
payment plan sponsored by Sec
retary of Agriculture Brannan “is
the best plan yet proposed for
getting an abundant production
of perishable crops consumed
without knocking the bottom out
of the farmer’s income.
Mr. Truman assured the Casper
(See SPEECHES, Page A-4.)
Late News
Bulletins
Jacobs Reprimanded
Because he “exceeded his au
thority as subcommittee chair
man,” Representative Jacobs,
Democrat, of Indiana today
faced abolition of his House
Labor Subcommittee. The ac
tion followed an angry session
over Mr. Jacobs’ announcement
he had subpoenaed John L.
Lewis to tell why Lloyd H. Sid
ener, Illinois miner, was barred
from his job and fined $50,000
by the union for trying to obey
Mr. Lewis’ back-to-work order.
Action against the Jacobs sub
committee was taken by Chair
man Lesinski of the full Labor
Committee, which will vote on
the abolition Thursday.
(Earlier Story on Page A-5.)
Earl D. Johnson Named
President Truman today nom
inated Earl Dallam Johnson,
New York investment counselor,
to be Assistant Secretary of the
Army, succeeding Archibald S.
Alexander, who has become Un
dersecretary.
Acheson, Bevin Meet to Discuss
Measures to Win Cold War
Communist Uprising
In Malaya Subject
Of London Talks
•y Auociatid Pr«i»
LONDON, May 9.—Secretary of
State Acheson and British Foreign
Secretary Bevin met today to
discuss ways of winning the cold
war.
Mr. Acheson came by plane
from Paris, where he talked yes
Western Leaders Coal te Med Han far
Berlin Withdrawal. Mate A-7
terday with French Foreign Min
ister Schuman and agreed that
the United States would give mili
tary and economic aid to keep
warring Indo-China out of the
Communist column.
Mr. Acheson and Mr. Schuman
also were reported in agreement
on giving more political and eco
nomic freedom to Western Ger
many by easing their occupation
(See ACHESON, Page A-3/>
Dozen Women Picket
U. S. London Embassy,
Shout for Acheson
fty tHt Associated Pras*
LONDON, May 9.—A dozen
women carrying posters say
ing ‘Yanks in Britain Mean
Bombs on Britain" tried to
picket the American Embassy
here today. They shouted for
Secretary of State Acheson.
who is here for Big Three
talks.
Police broke up the picket
line and took away the post
ers, but allowed two of the
women to go inside and talk
to an Embassy official.
An Embassy spokesman
said the women, who identi
fied themselves as members
of “The British Conscript i
Mothers’ Committee,” urged
“disarmament, world peace
and removal of United States
Air Force bomber squadrons
from Britain.”
Four Major Railroads
Cut Service as Strike
Deadline Approaches
Firemen Set to Walk Out
At 6 AM. Tomorrow;
Negotiations in Deadlock
ly th« A»*ciat«d Frill
CHICAGO, May Railroads
involved in a strike set for 6 a.m.
tomorrow, today began placing
embargoes on freight and pas
senger traffic.
The Pennsylvania Railroad,
largest of the four singled out
for the walkout by the Brother
hood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemen, announced it is pre
paring to halt operations of its
passenger and freight trains west
and north of Harrisburg, Pa., to
night.
All freight operations in the
area will come to a halt at mid
night, a Pennsy announcement
said, and passenger * train service
will be tapered gradually to pre
vent any travelers being stopped
by the strike before reaching their
destination.
Electric Train* Will Run.
The railroad ordered a similar
embargo two weeks ago when the
strike was first threatened. The
embargo was lifted when that
Strike order was delayed. Elec
tric engines operating on Penn
sylvania lines east of Harrisburg
are not affected by the strike or
der.
The Santa Fe Railway System
said it is curtailing passenger
service starting today. Plans for
a freight embargo remain to be
completed, the road said.
In Washington, the Southern
Railway System issued an em
bargo on movement of all freight
and passenger traffic which can
not reach its destination or clear
Southern System lines before the
strike deadline.
Plans to Hall Service.
In addition, the Southern said
that if the strike materializes it
will discontinue all passenger,
mail, express and freight service.
The action would affect about 38,
000 workers employed throughout
the Southern system.
At Indianapolis, a New York
Central spokesman said passenger
service will be discontinued in
Indiana if the strike materializes.
He said efforts will be made to
operate one freight train daily be
tween St. Louis and Cleveland.
Passenger trains which would be
discontinued, the New York Cen
tral spokesman said, include nine
each way between St. Louis and
Cleveland, and five between Chi
cago and Cincinnati.
Meanwhile, Federal mediators
strove desperately to effect a
peaceful settlement. Negotiations,
however, appeared to be hopelessly
deadlocked.
The firemen’s principal demand
is for a second fireman on multiple
unit Diesel locomotives. The de
mand has been rejected by the
carriers. Two presidential emer
gency fact-finding boards also
held that there is no necessity
for an extra fireman.
New Highway Bridge Hailed
By Gen. Young at Dedication
The new Fourteenth street
bridge across the Potomac River
opened to traffic today as Miss
Mary Jane Hayes, Miss Washing
ton of 1949, cut the red ribbon
at dedication ceremonies.
More than 300 persons were
present at the special ceremonies
Picture of Official Ceremony Opening
New Highway Bridge. Page B-l
on the Washington side of the
bridge. The new span will carry
northbound traffic. The old High
way Bridge will carry Virginia
bound traffic only.
Engineer Commissioner Gordon
R. Young, hailed the opening of
the $6 million structure as the
fourth large postwar traffic project
in the District.
He said such new projects often
bring a new traffic problem else
where because of the rerouting of
vehicular trafflfc.
"If this happens with the open
ing of this new bridge, we'll iron
the difficulty out in short order,”
he said.
After the ribbon-cutting cere
mony, a motorcade carrying top
District officials,*members of Con
gress and others concerned with
the bridge opening crossed the
2,430-foot structure to the Vir
ginia side. There the motorcade
turned around and headed back
for the District, leading across
the bridge traffic which had been
awaiting the opening.
Charles M. Upham. chairman of
the District Motor Vehicle Park
ing Agency, was master of cere
monies. Commissioner John Rus
sell Young welcomed the crowd
and Representative Smith, Demo
crat, of Virginia also spoke.
Russell Sees Victory
In Fight to Block
FEPC This Session
Feels Sure Administration
Can't Get Votes Required
To Force Decision
By J. A. O'Leary
Southern Democrats appeared
to be heading toward another vic
tory this year in their fight
against Senate passage of a Fed
eral Fair Employment Practices
bill.
Although the showdown will not
come before next week, Senator
Russell, Democrat of Georgia, floor
manager for the opposition, said
he feels sure the administration
will not get the 64 votes required
to curb debate and force a de
cision.
If the bill itself could be brought
to a vote a majority would be suf
ficient to pass it, but the current
battle is being waged to block the
motion to place the measure be
fore the Senate.
Unless Majority Leader Lucas
of Illinois can line up 64 votes—
two-thirds of the entire Senate—
to limit debate there will be no
opportunity to vote on the bill
itself. Senator Russell said he
feels sure supporters of the bill do
not have 64 votes.
Bill May Be Sidetracked.
After further debate this after
noon, the civil rights issue may be
sidetracked for two or three days
by parts of President Truman's
government reorganization pro
gram.
Senators Taft, Republican, of
Ohio, and Robertson, Democrat, of
Virginia, have served notice they
will try to get Senate action this
week to block two of the reorgan
ization orders. Senator Taft is
fighting the abolition of the office
of Robert N. Denham, independent
counsel to the National Labor Re
lations Board, and Senator Robert
son is leading a fight to preserve
the independence of the controller
of the currency. Another reor
ganization order would place that
office under the Secretary of the
Treasury.
Russell Opens Attack.
Senator Russell launched the
Southern attack on the PEPC bill
yesterday after short opening
speeches in support of such leg
islation by Senators Thomas,
Democrat, of Utah, and Ives, Re
publican, of New York.
Senator Thomas said the bill is
designed to right a wrong which
“fairly shouts for a remedy.”
Senator Ives said a similar law
has worked in New York.
Senator Russell called the bill
a “legislative monstrosity,” and
said it would create an “army of
thought police.”
There have been no indications
thus far that Senate leaders will
try to hold day and night sessions,
as they have during some past ef
forts to break filibusters against
civil rights bills.
Leaders apparently recognize
that, unless they can invoke the
new debate-curbing rule adopted
last year, late evening sessions
would not be enough to wear down
the number of Southerners who
could take turns talking.
The American Council on Hu
man Rights sent a letter to all
Senators, urging favorable action
on the bill, contending that “job
discrimination is the most ran
corous and damaging form of dis
crimination which Negro Amer
icans suffer'today.”
Western Maryland Fruit
Reported Hurt in Freeze
ly tho Associated Frost
HAGERSTOWN, Md., May
First checks indicated extensive
damage early today to Western
Maryland peach and apple crops
when the mercury dipped below
freezing.
Charles O. Dunbar, director of
the University of Maryland Fruit
Experiment Station at nearby
Hancock, said there “undoubtedly
was considerable damage in lower
orchards. Those on the mountain
sides apparently escaped heavy
damage."
Reorganization
Plans Acted On
By Senate Unit
Two Disapproved,
Mine Backed, One
Merely Reported
BULLETIN
President Truman, in a new
reorganization message to Con
gress, today proposed making
the chairman of the National
Security Resources Bo*-d
Nation’s mobilization “czar” in
event of war. The cabinet mem
bers of the board would be
merely advisors to the chairman.
Mr. Truman also recommended
placing the RFC under the
Commerce Department with
two RFC units transferred to
the Housing and Home Finance
Agency.
A Senate committee today dis
approved two more of President
Truman's Government reorgani
zation plans, while approving nine
others and reporting one without
recommendation.
The two rejected by the Ex
penditures Committee were:
Plan No. Four—broadening the
control of the Secretary of Agri
culture over his subordinates and
giving him three new assistant
seceretaries. disapproved 7 to 5.
Plan No. Seven—Increasing the
powers of the chairman of the In
terstate Commerce Commission,
turned down 6 to 5.
Commerce Plan Reported.
The one reported without recom
mendation was No. Five—increas
ing the authority of the Secretary
of Commerce over his agencies. It
had been objected to because of its
affect on the Patent Office. The
vote to send it to the Senate with
out recommendation was 7 to 4.
Of the nine that won committee
approval, six were endorsed unani
mously and will not have to be laid
before the Senate. They are:
No. 3.—Relating to the Interior
Department; No. 14. to co-ordi
nate the administration of labor
standards; No. 15. transferring
supervision of public works in
Alaska and, the Virgin Islands
from General Services Adminis
tration to the Interior Depart
ment; No. 16, transferring Fed
eral aid to local school districts
and for water pollution control
from GSA to the Federal Security
Agency; No. 19, transferring the
Bureau of Employes’ Compensa
tion from Federal Security to the
Labor Department, and No. 20,
transferring from the State De
partment to GSA functions which
have no connection with foreign
affairs.
Divided Votes on Three.
Three plans which were ap
proved by divided votes, and
which may be argued further in
the Senate are:
No. 11, to reorganize the Federal
Communications Commission, in
dorsed, 6 to 5; No. 9, to reorganize
the Federal Power Commission,
approved 7 to 4, and No. 8, to re
organize the Federal Trade Com
mission, indorsed 7 to 4.
The Senate committee is still
holding hearings on No. 21, to re
organize the Maritime Commis
sion. The six remaining plans in
the original batch of 21 submitted
by the President in March are
being held in abeyance to find out
whether any Senators are con
sidering resolutions of disapproval.
Under the law all reorganiza
tion plans go into effect auto
matically 60 days after being laid
before Congress unless in that in
terval one branch of Congress
adopts a resolution of disap
proval.
The committee earlier voted
against plans to abolish the office
of Robert N. Denham, inde
pendent counsel to the National
Labor Relations Board, and to
terminate the independence of the
controller of the currency by
putting his office under the Sec
retary of the Treasury. The Sen
ate is expected to kill these two
plans before the week end by
adopting the resolutions of dis
approval.
One Dead, 12 Missing
In Nebraska Floods
By th« Associated Press
AUBURN, Nebr., May 9.—At
least one person drowned and a
dozen were reported missing to
day in floods growing out of
torrential rains last night.
Rains of 6 inches and more
turned rivers and streams in this
Rising Waters Imperil Flooded Winnipeg;
12,000 Homeless. Page A-4
Southeastern Nebraska area into
raging torrents.
Known dead was Walter Adams,
about 50, of Syracuse. Flood
waters of the Nemaha River,
which flooded homes of an esti
mated 60 Syracuse families, took
his life. '
Mr. Adams was caught by rising
waters near his home. Firemen
tried to throw him a rope but
firemen themselves had to climb
trees to safety as the waters rose.
Mr. Adams’ body was recovered
this morning.
The flood area extended to Lin
coln, where flooding described as
the worst since 1908 came just a
few hours after President Tru
man’s special train passed through
tha city.
--- ■ " "» "■ • ■ ————————^
' ' ■ '■ -
V - % I
/ 4 / * I
I
Youth Held for Grand Jury
After Lansburgh Killing Inquest
Friend Tells of Plan to Rob Store;
51 Policemen Cited for Work on Case
A coroner's jury today ordered
William A. Tyler, 18, held for
grand jury action in the murders
of two night watchmen at Lans
burgh ifc Bro.'s department store
after hearing a friend of Tyler's
describe how they “cased'’ the
store the day ef the murders.
About the time the inquest was
starting, the Commissioners an
nounced they had approved com
mendations for 51 policemen for
their work in breaking the case.
Supt. of Police Robert J. Barrett
headed the commendation list.
Before the coroner's jury acted,
Tyler already faced grand jury ac
tion. He was held without bond
for the grand jury Saturday night
by United States Commissioner,
Ctyril S. Lawrence.
Until the inquest, police had
kept secret the name of the asso
ciate who. it was reported earlier,
gave police a detailed description
I of accompanying Tyler to Lans
burgh's April 6.
The bodies of John C. Carpenter!
and Oliver R. Hess, the two watch
men, were discovered shortly after
1 a.m. April 7 by an ironworker
iat the store.
On the witness stand today,
Howard B. Roy. colored^ 20. of the
1800 block of Alabama avenue S.E.,
'See MURDERS, Page A-5.)
H-Bomb Predictions
Now Range Between
100 to 1 and 50-50
Pike Says His Forecast
Of 'Probable' Success
May Be Over-Optimistic
By Thomas R. Henry
Eventual production of the
super-powerful hydrogen bomb
seems “somewhere between prob
able and possible.”
This seems to summarize the
opinions of some of America's
■.. .
ACC Official Assails Atomic War Scares,
Asks Medical Plans. Page A-4
__
most eminent physicists, Acting
Chairman Sumner T. Pike of the
Atomic Energy Commission told
a press conference today. The
opinions, he said, range from that
of Dr. Robert A. Milliken, dean of
American physicists, who believes
the chance Is about 1 in 100 to
those of some scientists who be
lieve there is a 50-50 chance.
His own previous use of the
word “probable,” he said, may
have been over-optimistic.
Mr. Pike confirmed by implica
tion recent statements that con
centration on the hydrogen bomb
may slow down the production of
the fissionable materials, uranium
235 and plutonium, needed for
the uranium bomb and for indus
trial development of atomic
; energy. He said the scientist
making them was “a competent
man.” The implication is that
the creation of tritium requires
the use of the same neutrons
used in the fission of uranium
and hence some of the same ap
paratus.
Mr Pike confirmed the recent
Defense Department report of the
production of “atomic weapons,”
presumably differing from the type
of plutonium bomb previously
described. He refused to com
I ment, however, when asked if any
of the weapons was of a class
which could not be described as a
bomb.
The major efforts of the atomic
power project, it was pointed out,
now are directed towards pro
(See ATOMIC, Page A-4.)
Cab Passenger Gets
Break as He Tries
Great Experiment
Curiosity, which tradition
ally kills cats, let William
Heuer off easier last night.
Mr. Heuer, 41, of Los An
geles, Calif., was riding along
in a taxi here when he won
dered what would happen if
he jumped out while the cab
was rolling. This, according
to Emergency Hospital, is
what he learned:
A fractured wrist, fractured
knee and bruises.
House Rejects Attempt
To Divert Budget Bill
As Final Vote Nears
Hoffman Tries to Take Up
Truman Proposal to
Cut NLRB Power
By John A. Giles
The House moved toward final
i action on the huge omnibus appro
| priations bill today after rejecting
a Republican attempt to take up
President Truman's plan to strip
the National Labor Relations
Board chairman of his powers.
As the session opened Repre
sentative Hoffman, Republican of
Michigan moved that the House
lay aside the appropriations meas
ure and consider the President’s
reorganization plans instead.
But Majority Leader McCormick
of Massachusetts, who was pre
siding, ruled that under a unani
mous consent agreement adopted
April 5, the $20 billion money
measure would have to be finally
disposed of first unless the mem
bers voted otherwise.
Hoffman Stresses Time Element.
Mr. Hoffman pointed out that
the reorganization plans submil-1
ted by Mr. Truman, including the
one to change the NLRB, would go
into effect May 24 if adverse
action was not taken before that
date, whereas Congress had until
June 30 to provide appropriations.
“The danger of permitting the
President to propose a reorganiza
tion plan without insuring the
right of either branch of Congress
to reject was time and again
pointed out and stressed when the
basic reorganization law was de
bated in the 81st Congress,” Mr.
Hoffman declared. "That such
danger was real is now appar
ent.”
“It is entirely strange that a
House that passed the Taft-Hart
ley Act and which has refused to
repeal that act, should permit a
President, politically allied with;
labor unions, by reorganization
plan No. 12 to repeal one of the
more important provisions of that
act—the provision creating ‘ and
defining the duties of the inde
pendent general council.”
Defense Fund Due for Boost.
The lawmakers were expected
to add $350 million to the de
fense-spending program, princi
pally for airplanes.
Economy advocates, who yes
! terday lopped $1.8 million off the
I (See APPROPRIATIONS, A-5.)
Storms Delay Elizabeth
LONDON. May 9 W—An air
plane carrying Princess Elizabeth
back to London from a Malta
vacation ran into heavy thunder- j
storms over France today and was
forced to return to Nice. The pilot
of Elizabeth's private plan# ra
dioed the news to London.
Mrs. Keleher Balks
Again at Eviction;
Won't Quit Her Bed
Marshals, Aided by
Locksmith, Force Way
Into Apartment
For the second straight day,
United States marshals broke into
the luxurious Woodley Park Tow
ers apartment of Mrs. Anna T.
(Dolly* Keleher today, and for
the second time she refused to be
evicted for non-payment of rent.
Aided by a locksmith, and using
their solid shoulders, two men
from the marshal s office and an
attorney pushed into the place this
morning, only to find Mrs. Keleher
in bed, with covers drawn up to
her chin.
After a conference, the marshals
decided to move the furnishings
from the seven-room, two-bath
apartment, and as the wo'rk began
Mrs. Keleher could be heard sob
bing inside.
The marshal s office meanwhile
had summoned an ambulance to
remove Mrs. Keleher. but had not
decided to which hospital she
would be taken.
In a conversation with report
ers standing outside the door,
Mrs. Keleher said she probably
would go to the Glenn Dale San
atorium. She said she has lost
40 pounds in a year and now
weighs 127.
Calls It “Persecution.”
"This is not prosecution, this is
persecution,” she sobbed as the
movers continued their work.
Yesterday the recently divorced
wife of John B. (Blackjack) Kele
her, well-known gambler, refused
to budge under similar persuasion
on the grounds she was ill. Later
in the day Municipal Judge Wal
ter J. Casey refused to grant a
stay on the Government's writ of
restitution.
Claiming that she owes more
than $600 in rental on the $169.90
per month apartment, the mar
shals went back today with the
idea of carrying Mrs. Keleher out
on a stretcher if necessary.
There was a brief colloquy
through & locked door during
which Mrs. Keleher asked for her
attorney. She was refused and
the officers. Assistant Chief Dep
uty James T. Mattingly and Dep
(8ee KELEHER, Page A-4.)
Jap Cherry Tree Donor
Flying Here Next Week
ly th« Atisclolvd Prtu
TOKYO. May 9—Yukio Ozaki,
the venerable Japanese who gave
Washington its famed cherry
trees, will leave May 16 by plane
to see for himself how the trees
are doing.
Ozaki gave Washington its
cherry trees in 1912 when he was
Tokyo's Mayor.
Senators Want
Postal Cutback
Order Rescinded
Committee Votes,
9 to 0, to Direct
Donaldson to Act
ly »H# trtu
The Senate Past Office Com
mittee today approved a resolu
tion directing that Pastmaster
General Donaldson drop his econ
omy cutbacks in the pastal aerv
ice. The vote was 9 to 0.
On April 18 Mr. Donaldson cut
down on a number of services,
explaining that the department
lacked the money to continue
them. One order cut residential
mail deliveries to one a day and
reduced deliveries in business
areas.
Mr. Donaldson also shortened
the hours of window service and
| dropped some night handling of
mail.
Barrage of Protests.
Since his orders were issued,
there has been a barrage of pro
i tests.
Mr. Donaldson said the reduc
tions were necessary because Con
i Stress had decided against mak
ing postal rate Increases he had
recommended. He proposed in
creases to bring in about *600
millions a year. The House
trimmed that to *100 million and
the Senate has not acted
For the fiscal year beginning
: July 1. Mr. Donaldson asked a
$2,235,607,000 appropriation. Con
gress has not acted finally, but
the House Appropriations Com
mittee has recommended that tha
department's funds be held to
$2,207,500,000. Mr Donaldson said
actual expenditures during tha
present fiscal year will top *2.
240,000,000.
Recommendations On to Senate.
The Senate committee * recom
mendations go to the Senate. The
committee approved a resolutloa
and two bills, wl\ich would hava
the effect of cancelling Mr. Don
aldson s cutbacks.
If the Senate and House should
take the same view as the com
mittee. Congress would be obli
gated to supply the money needed
for the restored services.
| Just before acting on the meas
ures the committee heard Presi
i dent William C. Doherty of the
1 AFL National Association of Let
i ter Carriers' protest that the cut
backs are working a hardship on
the men who carry mall and are
injuring their morale.
Cigar Excises Cult 5 Million
In Committee Reversal
By the Associated Press
The House Ways and Means
Committee reversed itself today
and voted to cut cigar excises by
$15 million a year.
I Cigar smokers now pay $41
* million taxes a year. The com
mittee previously had rejected ths
cut.
At the same time the committed
voted to close a tax law "loop
hole” which some members esti
mated has been depriving the Gov
ernment of from $25 million to
$30 million annually. Thla was a
technical amendment dealing with
tax deductions taken by dealers
in tax-exempt State and munici
pal bonds.
U. S. Plan to Build Homes
For Servicemen Dropped
By the Associated Press
The House Armed Services
Committee today shelved a plan
to let the Government build
$97,643,000 worth of homes for
families of servicemen in thla
country.
The committee struck the pro
vision from a multi-million dollar
military public works bill on the
recommendation of Chairman
Vinson. He said the job should
be turned over to private Arms
operating under the Wherry Act.
That act gives government aid
to contractors putting up houses
intended for military tenants.
In addition, the committee
knocked out about $1,072,000 au
thorized for expansions and Im
provements at several aUMtary
hospitals which Secretary Of De
fense Johnson has ordered closed.
Ex-Teacher to Mark 70th Year
By Walking to Top of Monument
By Charles J. Yarbrough
George Frederick Miller, who
have been in training for a long
walk since hiking 1,000 miles to1
school 37 years ago, is going to
take it tomorrow—on his 70th
birthday.
The spry, bike-riding retired
educator and publisher, is going
to walk up the Washington Monu
ment, “just for the exercise.”
Down to a good walking weight
of 140 pounds, he was almost
bored with confidence today. ‘ I
walked up the Monument six days j
ago,” he said, “as a sort of a
warmup and just to see if 1 could
io it.
"The trip took just 3 seconds
under 17 minutes with no stops.!
11 never make any stops,” he add
ed. as confidence bubbled over.
A one-time rural school teacher
in Missouri. Mr. Miller’s longest
I hike to school was the 1,000 miles
when he walked from Farmington.
Mo., to New York City to enter
classes at Columbia University.
That junket, he explained, “was
just to see if I could.” It took
him 26 days.
He bicycles form his home at
II Milmarson place N.W. to down
town about once a week, largely
because he likes it.
The Monument trip tomorrow
will be his third walk-up.
In his almost-70 yelks. Mr.
Miller has been a professor, a
lecturer and a United States Bu
reau of Education employe. Ha
also has invented an eraser (Pat
ent No. 2239793).

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