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Cloudy followed by showers and scattered thunderstorms late today and tonight. High about 80. Low tonight, 62. Clearing tomorrow. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 66 6 a.m_65 11 a m_72 2 ajn. —66 8 ajn. „-66 Noon_76 4 a.m. —65 10 a.m. _.-69 1 p.m. -.-79 _Lote New York Markets, Page A-27._ M Guide for Reeders fu* i Amusements-. B-1S Classified -.- C-4-S Comics C-10-U Crossword_ C-10 Editorial_A-10 Edit 1 Articles- A-11 I p»*« (Finance. A-17 | Lost and Found A-3 i Obituary _ A*S4 j Radio. C-3 j Sports .. C-l-S i Women s Sec. B-3-6 An Associated Press N*»spooer 98th Year. No. 151. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1950—FIFTY-SIX PAGES. City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday. $1 10 a Month when s * fii'VTQ Sundays. $1 30. Niaht Final Edition. S1.30 and SI 40 per Month. •* y~ till X O Acheson Asks Congress to Help Forge Unified Western Military Machine to Meet Russian Threat Collective Force Is Only Hope of Victory, He Says By Garnett D. Horner Secretary of State Acheson said today that development of the West’s military strength into “bal anced collective forces" is the only way to assure success in “any war that is forced upon us.” He called on Congress and the Nation to help make effective the Text of Acheson's Report to Congress on Situation in Europe. Page A-6 “revolutionary” principle for or ganizing common defense on a “partnership” basis agreed upon at the recent London meeting of the North Atlantic Council. Mr Acheson reported on his London conferences with the for eign ministers of the North At lantic treaty nations and separate “Big Three” discussions in an un usual address to the Senate and House in the Library of Congress auditorium. His talk was broad cast by three radio networks. Questions from Congress were in vited after his prepared speech but this portion of the session was not broadcast. Warning solemnly that Russia’s growing military might has cre ated a “dangerous situation,” Mr. Acheson reported that none of the London conferees said anything which indicated there is any “im mediate” threat of war. Kremlin Threat is Problem. “The problem,” he asserted, however, “is to meet a threat which, in view of the known pro gram of the Kremlin, will exist unless we act now to prepare our defenses against aggression.” Realizing that only a combined effort will be adequate” to meet the Soviet threat, Mr. Acheson •aid the most important action of the Atlantic Council was its recom mendation to member govern ments of the “balanced collective forces” principle. Under this principle, the At lantic community of non-Com munist nations would “look to each country to contribute what it is best able to contribute to the common defense in accordance with a common plan,” avoiding duplication by each partner of what the others are doing. Offi cials say this would mean that the United States would spend rela tively more on Air Force and Navy strength than on Army develop ment. Truman Agrees with Plan. Mr. Acheson said President Truman had authorized him to say that he agrees with him and Secretary of Defense Johnson that “we must make this principle work.” “We can see,” he added, “no other way to accomplish the job of defense and at the same time to get ahead with the constructive task of building a successfully functioning economy in the free world.” Describing the “balanced col lective forces” principle as the only one “which could reconcile the resources available with the demands upon them,” Mr. Ache son asserted: “It is the only way in which forces can be developed to meet successfully any initial attack and to carry through to a successful conclusion any war that is forced upon us.” U. S. Must Play Leading Role. He said the United States must play a “leading role” in making the principle work. “The job cannot be done.” he warned, “unless we do our full (See ACHESON, Page A-3.) Wadsworth Won't Seek Re-election to House By the Associated Press GENESEO, N. Y., May 31.— Rep. James W. Wadsworth, author of the World War I draft law and co-author of the second World War Selective Service Act, said today he would not seek another term in Congress. The 72-year-old New York Re publican said he had decided to retire at the end of his current term next January 3. He served 12 years in the Sen ate from 1916 to 1927. In World War I he was chairman of the Senate Military Affairs Commit tee. He is completing his 18th year in the House. Before going to Washington he served six years in the New York Assembly. Mr. Wadsworth was elected to the Senate In 1914 and re-elected in 1920. Liberty's Torch Burns Out NEW YORK. May 31 (/P).—For the first time in 10 years no light burned last night in the torch of the Statue of Liberty in New York harbor. N. H. Foster, monument superintendent, said a power fail ure in an electric cable was the cause. Story of Freedom Fair i How It All Started, How It Grew, And Why the Bubble Has Busted A year ago today a congressional joint resolution was ap proved, authorizing the National Capital Sesquicentennial Com mission to proceed with its plans for celebrating the 150th anni versary of establishment of the seat of Government in Wash ington. Tomorrow the commission will meet. Instead of the felicitous atmosphere of a birthday party, the meeting will assume some pf the grim characteristics of a coroner’s inquest. The commission’s Executive Committee will recommend that Freedom Fair—which a year ago had hypnotized everybody with its gay promises of spectacular razzle-dazzle that wouldn’t cost the Government a nickel—be decently interred and forgotten. Evidence Is Presented to Executive Committee. Evidence by distinguished counsel has been presented to the Executive Committee to show: (1) That the commission itself cannot, under the laws of the United States, build and conduct Freedom Fair. (2) That the commission cannot, under the laws of the United States, delegate to a non-profit corporation of its creation the building and administration of Freedom Fair. It is possible that a third plan may be advanced, based on some of the same Alice-in-Wonderland financial wizardry that has distinguished Freedom Fair discussions from the outset. The rudiments of this plan consist of speculation that Amer ican industry will lease building sites at $3 per square foot on land which has been promised free to the commission. Treasury Would Receive Unexpended Reserve. With the money from the leases (a substantial sum arrived at by the simple process of multiplying 3 million square feet by $3 and thus producing $9 million) the commission would have available for expenditures $450,000 for administration and promo tion, $4.5 million for construction of buildings for exhibits by those who will not build their own buildings and for the provision of water, sewage and other utilities; $900,000 for exhibiting the United States Government and $450,000 for selling the leases to industry. Industry would be expected to build its own exhibition buildings on the $3 per square foot building sites it leased from the commission. There would be a tidy unexpended reserve of $2.7 million— which would be turned back to the United States Treasury. But this plan, The Star suspects, will fall flat on its face if anybody, in the cold dawn of realities which has followed revelry Western Reich Police Mass at Zonal Border, Fearful of New Riots 7,000 Red Youths Stage Sitdown in Protesting Medical Examinations By the Associated Press HELMSTEDT, Germany, May 31.—Swarms of West German po lice reinforcements hurried to zonal border crossing points to day, fearful of new rioting in the homeward trek of 20,000 Com munist youth from the East Ber lin Whitsun demonstrations. Hostility toward the returning Communists was heightened by last night’s rioting at Helmstedt, where civilians attacked some 2,000 of the Communist youth, ripped off their blue shirts and burned the shirts in bonfires. Heavy police reinforcements were sent into Luebeck, on the British zonal frontier, where 10, 000 more Communists youth were expected l^te today. These will swell the ranks of 7,000 sitdown demonstrators at Luebeck who have squatted on the border since last night, refusing a state govern ment order to undergo medical ex aminations. German police were | stoned by some of the 7,000 last night. Reds Threaten Police. At Helmstedt, the main zonal (border crossing point in the Brit ish zone, 600 Communists this morning cracked through the bor der crossing point after threaten ing police who tried to inspect their luggage. But they submit ted to luggage inspection at the railway station, where most took trains to their West German homes. West Germans along the way booed and jeered at the Com munists. Townspeople in Helmstedt grabbed one youth and ripped off his Communist medals, but club swinging police rescued him. Many in the crowd of West Germans I (See GERMAN. Page A-3.1 Thundershowers Forecast This Afternoon and Tonight Thundershowers should strike the Washington area late this afternoon and early tonight, the Weather Bureau predicted today. The temperature is expected to reach 80 degrees by this after noon. Tonight the thermometer will drop to about 62 degrees and tomorrow the skies will begin to clear and the humidity will lessen. As the month of May drew to a close the Weather Bureau said it could find nothing unusual about it. The month did get one mark when the temperature rose to 93 degrees May 6, breaking an existing record by 2 degrees. Total rainfall so far has been 4.9 inches, just about 1.5 inches above normal. The temperature averaged about 1 degree above . normal for the month. ’over Freedom Fair during tne past year, has the nerve to pre sent it with a straight face. Its promoter is the commission’s new $25,000-a-year general man ager, Paul M. Massman. Some pressure remains for Free dom Fair—stimulated in part by Freedom Fair Illegal Under Sesqui Enabling Act, Bastion Says. Page B-l President Truman’s recent advice to Washington businessmen to wake up and get going, if they want Freedom Fair. There is reason to suspect, however, that none of this pressure comes from disillusioned members of the commission. Many May Have Been Dozing. Washington businessmen, with many other respected members of this community, the Congress and newspapers—including The Star— may have been dozing this past year. This somnolent state has been induced, in part, by the prospect of listening to the sweet music of tinkling coins, dropped by the millions into turnstile slots as the American people gather in Wash ington to see the wonders of American industry displayed at Freedom Fair, to watch colored lights play on fountains of gush ing water, to enjoy great pageants of pure patriotism, accompanied by symphony orchestras and bands. Busting of Bubble Begins. If there were doubts about how I all this was to come about, they were stilled by belief that, of course, somebody was looking after the details and that it could all be done within the law. The President of the United States was the head of the business. Con gress had approved it. Distin guished citizens and Government officials were on the Board of Directors and everything was jake. The busting of this bubble began (Continued on Page A-5, Col. 1.) Erickson Faces 60 Charges in Gambling Probe New York Grand Jury Alleges Conspiracy And Bookmaking By th* Associated Press NEW YORK, May 31.—A New York County grand jury today re turned a 60-count information against Prank Erickson, gambler, who recently testified before a Senate investigation that he net ted $100,000 a year from gambling enterprises. He was charged with conspiracy and bookmaking. The action was announced by District Attorney Frank S. Hogan. Bookmakers Don't Get Racing Data From AP, Probers Say Page 8-9 One count alleged conspiracy and the other 59 counts charge book making. The information charging book making covers investigation of a 20-year period from 1930 to 1950, Mr. Hogan said. One Other Named. Mr. Hogan said the informa tion, which was voted last Friday and filed today mentioned only one other person, Harry Richards, who is named as a co-conspirator in the information but not as a defendant. Richards is being held as a ma terial witness in $100,000 bail. Criminal informations, rather than indictments, are returned in misdemeanor cases. Bookmaking is a misdemeanof in New York The grand jury investigation followed a raid on Erickson’s Park Avenue office during which volu minous documents relating to his enterprises were seized. The raid followed Erickson’s testimony be fore the Senate investigating sub committee. EncKson has fought for return of the papers without success. Adonis Figures Sought. Meanwhile, the New York jury has subpoenaed New Jersey bank records of Joe Adonis, underworld figure, his wife and his son. Adonis is known as an associate of Erick son. The banks were ordered to give up the records by June 5 or show cause in court why they should not do so. The subpoenas also called for records of a Newark (N. J.) ac counting firm relating to the Colonial Inn, north of Miami, near Hollywood, Fla. Records seized during the raid on his office indicated Erickson profited heavily from gambling operations at the inn. The papers also linked a number of under world characters with the inn’s operations. Heavy Penalty Possible. Ordinarily, conviction on one count of a misdemeanor such as conspiracy or bookmaking carries a maximum penalty of up to three years in prison. I Conviction on a multi-count in formation could draw punishment | of a $500 fine and a year in prison | on each count. The 59 bookmaking counts, Mr. | Hogan said, embraced a total of $86,788 allegedly wagered with Erickson over the period from June, 1948, to April, 1950. These bets, Mr. Hogan declared, constiauted “only a minute frac tion” of money wagered with Erickson. The district attorney added that the information could have contained 10,000 counts.” D.C. One of 5 Big Cities Averting Downtown Business Decline ■ Washington is listed as one of only five major cities in the United States in which there has not been an actual decrease in ' the number of downtown busi ness retail stores between 1939 and 1948, the Census Bureau re vealed today. Census Director Roy V. Peel released figures on 32 major met ropolitan areas, illustrating a de cisive trend of retail business to outlying areas. The figures for the District also reflect this trend. However, un like 27 of the big cities, which show an average loss of 10 per cent in downtown establishments over the period, retail stores in the District rose from 6,893 to 7,074, or 2.6 per cent. Other cities showing similar small increases were Birmingham, Dallas. Houston and Memphis. At the same time figures for the balance of the Washing ton metropolitan area—including Prince George, Montgomery, Pair fax and Arlington Counties— j showed an increase in stores of 36.5 per cent, from 2,243 to 3,061. The business census figures also showed a rapid increase in business volume both for the cen tral and fringe areas. District business was up from $402,768, 000 to $1,107,732,000, or 175 per ! cent. In the rest of the area the sales increase was from $79, 735,000 to $373,103,000, or 368 per cent. In 1948 the District had 69.8 ; per cent of the stores and 74.8 1 of the sales, leaving the outly ! ing area 30.2 per cent of the 'stores, with 25.2 per cent of the sales. On the national level, retail sales in the 32 metropolitan areas in 1948 exceeded $58 bil lion—more than two-fifths of the national total of $130 billion of domestic consumer expenditure for goods. Compared with sales in 1939, the metropolitan areas recorded a sales increase of 192 per cent ip 1948, slightly below the national retail sales increase of more than 200 per cent. James E. Schwab Reappointed To Recreation Board for 4 Years D. C. Heads' Action Answers Question Raised on Race Issue James E. Schwab, whose con servative views on racial matters have been under attack, today was reappointed by the Commissioners to another four-year term on the District Recreation Board. The appointment was the an swer to a question which has been discussed here for weeks. It was reported—and confirmed by relia ble sources—that the Interior De partment was bringing pressure to bear on the Commissioners not to reappoint Mr. Schwab when his term expired. The term was com pleted two days ago. Interior Secretary Chapman de nied he had made any move to get Mr. Schwab off the board, but admitted he hoped he was not reappointed. Other Interior Department officials refused com ment. The Commissioners would JAMES E. SCHWAB. neither comment nor deny the reports of pressure. Mr. Schwab has been a mem ber of the Recreation Board since (See SCHWAB. Page A-4.> Mrs. Latta Lawrence Agrees to Drop Her Maintenance Suit Cash Settlement of Case Disclosed, Divorce Action Planned Later Mrs. Eilene Diana Latta Law rence has settled and agreed to drop her maintenance suit against her husband, Harold A. Latta Lawrence, 48, a Naval Reserve captain. A cash settlement was disclosed today by David Cobb and I. S. Weissbrodt, Mrs. Lawrence’s law yers. While the attorneys refused to go into details other than to say the settlement amount was “sat isfactory to both parties,’’ the 42 year-old wife of the former aide to the Chief of Naval Operations, told reporters: "I would have much preferred a happy marriage to a cash set tlement.” io seen Divorce Later. She is staying at the Wardman Park Hotel and will leave for her Hollywood home in a few days, Mrs. Latta Lawrence said. There, she added, she plans to sue for divorce in the near future. Mrs. Latta Lawrence refused to say whether the contemplated di vorce action was part of the out of-court settlement or whether she and her husband were present at discussions with opposing counsel ! yesterday. Trial of her suit, in which she sought $300 monthly maintenance, had been scheduled to begin to day in District Court. It was held over until Friday on the request of attorneys. By that day formal notice of settlement and dismissal is expected to be filed. Mrs. Rogers Cited. Representative Edith Nourse Rogers, Republican, of Massachu setts, was blamed by Mrs. Latta Lawrence in the original sui* ior much of the marital difficulties between her and her Navy hus band. Judge Matthew McGuire, how ever, later ordered that all men tion of Mrs. Rogers’ name be stricken from the court papers. The judge also refused to grant $150 monthly temporary mainte nance. After serving on the staff of former Naval Operations Chief Denfeld, Capt. Latta Lawrence was placed on inactive reserve status last November. Capt. Latta Lawrence, whose Washing ton address is the Shoreham Ho tel, was unavailable for comment today as were his attorneys Joseph McGroary and George Quinn. Finance Center Probe Told of Army Mutual Insurance Association General Censured for Giving Too Much Time To It, Committee Hears By John A. Giles A House Armed Services sub committee heard today how an Army officers’ mutual insurance association was organized at the Pentagon and was told that a former finance chief was censured because he gave too much time to it. Army inspectors told the sub committee that Maj. Gen. William H. Hasten, Army finance chief, now retired, was censured for his part in organizing the associa tion. The association devoted itself to providing insurance with j favorable rates for Army officers and at one time received 48-hour advance notice of the movement of officers. Maj. Gen. Louis Craig. Army inspector general, said the associ ation’s officers were not paid, but that Gen. Hasten devoted his full time to the group's activities after he retired. • During questioning by Repre isentative Elston, Republican, of | Ohio Gen. Craig and his deputy. Col. Rosser Hunter, said that Government desks and typewriters | <See FINANCE CENTER. A-3.) -- False Nose Bandit Gets $1,200 in 2d Holdup Of Tick Tock Tavern Owner's Wife Struck; Prince Georges Place Robbed 12 Days Ago A man wearing a false nose today held up and robbed the owner of the Tick Tock Tavern of about $1,200. It was the sec ond time within 12 days that the place, 2 miles west of College Park, had been held up in the early morning hours. In the first holdup, five men took $2,169. Two men already have been ar rested as ‘‘false nose" bandits and are being held under $45,000 bond each for three robberies in the District and one in Maryland. Walter “Jimmy” Longcope, 45. owner of the Prince Georges County night spot at University lane and Riggs road, is convinced that the robbery who broke into his place at 5 a.m. today was one of the men who robbed him earlier. Owner Was Asleep. Mr. Lqngcope and his wife, Betty, were asleep in one of two bedrooms in the rear of the tavern building. The tavern owner was awakened by a sharp rap on his shoulder. “Turn over and mind your own business,” said a voice. “I know where everything is." Mr. Longcope' described it as a “deep, commanding voice with a Southern drawl.” Rolling over, the tavern owner was confronted by a flashlight shining into hi* eyes. The man held what looked like a blackjack in one hand. “I knew exactly what to do—I knew exactly what was coming,” Mr. Longcope later told reporters. The previous robbery was on May 19. Bandit Strikes Woman. Mrs. Longcope, awoke, sat up and said: “What goes on around here?” At that, the robber moved around to her side of the bed and struck her on the shoulder with what she believes was a blackjack. The robber asked for her purse and then picked up her under wear from a dresser and threat ened to bind her. "My wife was doing all the yapping,” Mr. Longcope said. Mrs Longcope, who is 44, told the robber, "That won't be neces sary Wore Dark Clothing. About that time the Longcopes could see that the robber had a white handkerchief tied around his head with one corner draped over his left eye. He wore a false nose, but without glasses. He was dressed in dark clothing, a “salt-and-pepper” jacket, and (See TICK TOCK. Page A-4.) Send a Kid to Camp Underfed Children Add Weight On Two Weeks of Camp Food To some children, the best thing I about two weeks at camp is all the food they get to eat. These are the children whose pale cheeks and skinny bodies tell the story of many days without meat, orange juice and fresh vege l tables. Of all the undernourished chil | dren who went to Camp Good Will last year, the one everybody re members is a boy we’ll call Bobby.1 He was 9 years old and weighed 49 pounds. The reason the counsellors re member Bobby so well was his appetite. When he got to camp, instead of eating the one picnic lunch provided for the first meal, he ate three. That night at supper, Bobby ate so much his counsellor requested food for 10 boys at his table in stead of eight. Said the counsellor, "I’m used to hungry kids at my table but I have a fellow this time that I just can’t seem to All up.” After two weeks of eating sec ond and third helpings and drink ing the quart of milk a day that each camper gets. Bobby went home 6 pounds heavier and a lot healthier. Another child selected for camp by a hospital was 11 years old and weighed 50 pounds. At the end of his two weeks he weighed in at 55 pounds, which was more than the doctors expected the sickly child to gain. The largest individual gain by (See CAMP FUND. Page A-3.) U. $. Court Finds Arlington School Discrimination Circuit Court Reverses Decision in Suit by Negro Students |y A»tcxiat»d RICHMOND. Va. May 31 — Negro pupils of the Hoflman-Bos ton High School for Negroes in Arlington today won their appeal before the United States Fourth Circuit Court of Apueals in a school equalization case In a decision written by Circuit Judge Morris A Soper, the ap pellate court reversed the Alex andria District Court and ruled that racial discrimination is prac ticed against the HofTman-Boston students. It remanded the case for further proceedings. The plaintlfTs lost their dis crimination suit against the Ar lington County School Board and the division superintendent of schools when the case was heard in District Court. Judge Albert V. Bryan ruled then that: The advantages and disadvan j tages of the separate courses and > facilities available to Negroes at HofTman-Boston and to whita pupils at Washington-Lee High School balanced against each other to constitute substantial equality of treatment. rosmon Held Untenable. However. Judge Soper's opinion held: "In our view, this position is un tenable since the evidence indi cates that in plant facilities and courses of education the white students of Washington-Lee enjoy advantages which are not afforded to the students at the colored high school.” The appellate court s opinion made it plain it felt the discrimi nation was based primarily on th# race of the students concerned. Small Colored Population. At the outset the appellate court noted the two schools are located in a county “where the Negroes of ! school age constitute only a small (Percentage of the school popula tion, so that the expense involved ;in affording to the small minority ! in a separate school every course of study and every kind of equip ment and recreational facility that are given the majority is propor tionately very great.” But it pointed out that the cost involved in equalizing the two systems is not a factor in deter mining whether discrimination exists, and held: “A sufficient showing has been 'made by Peggy Council and Ju 1 lius Brevard < two of the plain tiffs) to justify further proceed ings on their behalf in the district court.” Spencer Is Nominated Member of PUC President Truman today nom inated Kenneth W. Spencer. 49, to a three-year term as a mem ber of the Public Utilities Com mission. mi. opencer was appointed last March to fill the unexpired term of James W. Lauderdale, who re signed. That term expires June 30. Before taking over his present post. Mr. Spencer had been a member of the Board of Real Estate Assessors since Septem ber, 1942. Previously, he served for more than eight years as an expert valuation analyst and en gineer of the PUC. He is a native of Zanesville, Ohio, and came to Washington in 1903. He attended grade schools here and McKinley High School before taking his degree in me chanical engineering at the Uni versity of Michigan. He also has studied law at George Washington University. Mr. 8pencer is married and the father of one daughter Elaine, a Maryland University student. He lives at 6800 Sixth street N.W The nomination is subject to confirmation by the Senate. John A. McCone Named Air Force Undersecretary President Truman today nomi nated John A. MoCone. Los An geles businessman, to be Under secretary of the Air Force, suc ceeding Arthur S. Barrows, who has resigned. Mr. McCone was a member of the President's Air Policy Cora | mittee which the present Air Force Secretary, Thomas A. Fine letter, headed three years ago. Mr. McCone is 48 years old and since 1937 has .been identified with the Bechtel-McCone-Parsons Corp., which specializes in the design and construction of indus trial plants. Thief Steals 'Hearts' List LONG BEACH. Calif., May 31 C^P).—Here's a man who figures to be pretty busy. An introduc tion service told police yesterday a burglar had taken its entire file of 100 lonely women's names, plus addresses, telephone num bers. physical specifications and income.