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Senator Smith's Slap At Their Shenanigans Talk Demonstrated Women's Superiority In Common Sense By Dorothy Thompson The Senator from Maine, Mar garet Chase Smith, is emerging as a figure of national importance. The “declaration of conscience” which she made in the Senate June 1 on behalf of seven Re publican Senators was overdue and came with particular appro priateness from the only woman member of that body. For, if women have something particular to contribute to political life, be yond the gifts of men, it is, I think, the combination of con science and common sense. Men praise women for their superior intuition. I think they are wrong. The imaginative and intuitive sex is the male. Senator McCarthy, for instance, is just full of intuition and imagination! Women are the sex with their feet on the ground. I hate to admit it, but there never has been a woman writer, composer, philosopher, sculptor or painter, in the five arts calling for the highest intu itive imagination, to compare with the loftiest male creators in these fields. What superiority women have, to a superior degree, is the sense of balance and proportion. They are less likely than men to indulge in flights of fancy. Many years ago the British author, George Meredith, wrote a delightful “Es say on Comedy’’ in which he de fined comedy as that spirit which, contemplating folly—manifest in everything pompous, dispropor tionate, and overblown—throws an oblique light on it, followed by volleys of silvery laughter. Noted German Weakness. Meredith thought that it was the peculiar function of civilized women to bring down to earth the overblown fantasies of men; and observed that the chief fault of Germany was that it was a male dominated society in which women seldom laughed at men, or re buked them, pricking the balloons of their inflated self-esteem, and thus civilizing them. It is this quality of bombarding nonsense plus an innate sense of responsibility to the race, rather than to special interests or parties, which has made women—if gifted with logical brains—such aston ishingly good rulers in the few cases where they have had oppor tunity to exercise the art for which they are best fitted: gov ernment. When, by dynastic laws, they have become queens, they have been extraordinarily good at it. Britain’s greatest eras were the Elizabethan and Victorian. Byron called Catherine of Russia “the greatest of all sovereigns’ —as well as something else. Eleanor of Acquitaine has not disappeared from memory. Maria Theresa was the most popular monarch in Austrian history. And a peasant girl called Joan of Arc whose chief qualities, despite her visions, were courage, horse sense and judgment of people, pulled Prance out of her doldrums when a lot of pusillanimous males had failed. Every Woman Knows. When to praise and when to slap are things every normal woman knows. And Senator Smith did some stern but kindly slapping, which the recipients richly deserved. The goings-on in Congress have been too much of a muchness, and it was time some members of both sides were told to go stand in a corner. The Democratic adminis tration has, indeed, been seriously lacking in candor regarding its own past errors, which cannot be covered by whitewash. Neither can they be countered with mis cellaneous smears. When the lady Senator said, "The American people are sick and tired of seeing innocent peo ple smeared and guilty people whitewashed,” she told the truth. And when she said, "There are sufficient reasons to make it clear that it is time for a change. . . . But I don’t want to see the Re publican Party ride to victory on the four horsemen of calumny— fear, ignorance, bigotry, and smear,” she spoke for countless would-be Republicans who, re peatedly and disappointedly, find themselves unable to take what the Republican Party offers. The Republican Party, is to be congratulated on having a Sena tor who can call a spade a spade. I am sure she spoke for the con science and common sense of hun dreds of thousands of politically Independent Americans. (Released by the Bell Syndicate. Ine.l Publishers Ask Probe Of Rates on West Rails ly the Associated Press The American Newspaper Pub lishers’ Association has asked the Government to investigate what it calls “unjust and unreasonable” newspaper transportation rates on Western railroads. : The organization filed a petition on behalf of 235 papers published west of the Mississippi River, ask ing the Interstate Commerce Com mission to order a. cut in the fates. ICC hearings will open in New York next month on a previous ANPA petition for a study of rail way express rates on newspapers in all parts of the country. The latest petition applies to papers handled in Western rail road passenger service only. • DEAR MADAM: •Taint easy to be a "Femme Fatale" in these days. That we know. But ■ we suggest that you visit Cody's _ Bervlcenter. They'll lengthen or ■ shorten suits, dresses or coats, re- ■ place rippers, lengthen, widen, shorten m or. dye your shoes. They'll repair ■ your handbags, glovas and umbrellas. ■ In (act. they’ll fix anything but a _ busted romance. Cody’s Servieenter. ■ *1* ISth Street N.W. An entire ■ building devoted to services—Located _ right in the heart of downtown! ■ Bhone STerling 709S for pick-up and ■ delivery service. Mail orders ac- _ eepted. ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ This Changing World Handful of Subversives Broke Down French Resistance in World War II By Constantine Brown Only a few thousand subver sives and saboteurs in key po sitions succeeded in breaking down the resistance of French forces in World War II. This was re called strongly to members of the Senate Ap propriations subcommittee who heard in April a cold and factual statement by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. To the aver age American the fact that there are some c»niunti»« Br*wn. 545,000 Communists and fellow i travelers in this country—that is J to say about one-third of 1 per cent of the total population— would seem inconsequential. It is for this reason that so many well meaning persons cry “witch htmt” when an accusing finger is pointed at those who are associated with the various front organizations which are devised by Moscow’s agents and which carry some high-sounding labels. Men high in the French govern ment—such as Pierre Cot, former secretary of aviation who showed his true Communist colors only after the war when he became a Red member of Parliament—did their utmost to interfere with an effective armament plan. At the height of the crisis, between 1938 and 1939, the French aviation in dustry was actually producing only three planes a month. Persons serving Moscow were placed in responsible posts in the once highly efficient Surete Gen erate (French counterpart of the FBI) where they were able to watch and counteract the security •measures taken by that organi zation. After the war began in earnest between France and Germany the Communist fifth column placed its members at sensitive points, par ticularly in the communications system (railways and telephones) and within the fighting French units, where their job was to cause panic at a given signal. Harm Already Done. Premier Daladier belatedly or dered the arrest of the leader of the Communist Party, Maurice Thorez. The harm had been done, however. During the years of the French Popular Front—inaugu rated in 1936 by Premier Leon Blum—only a few thousands of these dangerous fifth columnists were placed at their posts. They were all “good French citizens,” some of them with backgrounds of nobility dating back to the days of the French empire. Any interference with these | persons was denounced by the gullible Liberals and Socialists as tyranny or a takeoff on Hitler’s totalitarianism. France collapsed as much under the blows of the Nazi military machine as under the treachery of the fifth column, which was carefully prepared by France's erstwhile friend and ally—Russia. These thoughts, based on proved historical facts, will weigh,*it is hoped, in the minds of American officials who in recent years have been alerted to the dangers of the fifth column in this country. They may duly impress the members of the Tydings subcommittee, which for the last four months has been engaged in a vital investigation not only of Senator McCarthy's charges but also of the "glossed over’’ Amerasia case. So far this committee has been churning water to make butter. The fact that some of the cases are concerned with matters of the past makes no difference. It is the pattern of the fifth column in this country which must be un raveled if the present heavy sacri fices being demanded of the American taxpayer to support the fight against Russia’s aggressions here and abroad are to produce results. By and large we are a nation of optimists who are loath to suspect men in public office of misdeeds, except an occasional lapse of financial ethics. Assurances Believed. When *our top men assure the country that there are no subver sives in the Government they nat urally—and necessarily—are be lieved. Occasionally we get a shock, as was the case with Wil liam W. Remington, who was in dicted Thursday by a grand jury for perjury in connection with his statement that he is not now and never has been a Communist. The shock was caused princi pally by the fact that the Loyalty Review Board went thoroughly into his case after he’ was re moved from his position in the Commerce Department as a poor security risk and cleared him. Mr. Hoover feels duty-bound, by the nature of his position, to make understatements, but he has been emphatic before the Senate Appropriations subcommittee in his warning about the seriousness of the small but highly dangerous fifth column in this country. The fact that there are only half a million such persons in America means nothing. They can paralyze this country’s most vital efforts at a critical time. The job of unearthing and neutraliz ing them is not technically diffi cult. The difficulty comes in mis guided political thinking among officials in the executive and legis lative branches of the Govern ment. On the Other Hand Interesting Sidelight on Thinking Of Folks Supporting Propagandists By Lowell Mellett From what sort of folks does an organization such as the Commit tee for Constitutional Government get the money that keeps it going? For several years this prop aganda organi zation has re ported annual receipts of hun dreds of thou sands of dollars. Part of this comes from the sale of books and part of it from contribu tions. What kind of people buy the books and make the **"■ *•*"*“• contributions? Representative Andy Biemiller of Wisconsin has been delving into the literature distributed by the Committee for CG and thinks he has a line on the answer. The supporters of the elaborate edu cational operation, he finds, in clude citizens who do not believe in the income tax or collective bargaining or labor’s right to strike. And some who think the voters shouldn’t be told how their congressmen vote. From a pamphlet written by Prof. H. L. Lutz of Princeton, tax qjcpert for the National Associa tion of Manufacturers, and dis tributed by the well-heeled CG committee, Biemiller quotes this passage: “When a future Edward Gib bon writes a history of the de cline and fall of the American Republic, the date he will use to mark the beginning of the decline will be March 1, 1913. On that date the people sanctioned Fed eral taxation of incomp.” Pamphlet Quoted. From a pamphlet written by John W. Scoville, this is quoted: “We must not be defeatists. We must not say that collective bar gaining is here to stay and there is nothing we can do about it. . ” From “Paul Revere Letter No. 75,” written by Dr. Willford I. King, the committee’s principal publicist, the following tidbit is taken: “Is it not time for thoughtful Americans to stop talking about ,the right to strike and recognize EDUCATIONAL. the truth that . . . strikes are un justified in a civilized society?” The Paul Revere Letters gallop out of committee headquarters every other week. An earlier one, No. 35, contains this paragraph: “The probabilities are that we could greatly improve the quality of our legislation were we to sacri fice the privilege of knowing how our Representative votes.” Edward A. Rumely, executive secretary of the CG committee, does not think the House Special Committee on Lobbying is en titled to know the names of'his contributors or book buyers, not even those who buy in large quan tities for their own distribution. He is now seeking a Federal injunc tion to prevent the House commit tee from enforcing its demand for this information. For its part, the House committee is trying to make up its mind whether or not to cite Rumely for contempt of Congress. Not First* Conflict. It is not Rumely’s first conflict with Congress. He was cited by the House' Investigation Commit tee in 1944 for withholding infor mation. The first trial resulted in a mistrial, the second in acquittal. Irf the present instance there seems to be a division of opinion within the House committee as to Rumely’s behavior, Represen tative Clarence Bvown, Ohio Re publican, being inclined to defend it to some extent. In the course of one shouting ex change with Representative Hen derson Lar.ham, Georgia Demo crat, Brown declared the House committee might be jeopardizing freedom of the press. Representa tive Clare Hoffman, Michigan Re jublican. offered in the House a resolution to investigate the com mittee’s investigator-;. During the first World War Rumely was charged with buying and operating the New York Mail for German owners. Convicted un der the Trading with the Enemy Act, he was pardoned after » short period in prison. EDUCATIONAL. BERLITZ 73d Year—Preach. Saanich, Italian. Ger man er any ether lancaace made clay b> ,h —erasable enly at the BERLJTZ SCHOOL Of LANGUAGES S3S 17th It. (st Eye) STerltny Nit m^vrove^Oj^^ETtRAf^RAININGB Italy's Press Ignores Benton's Criticisms Of Use of Dollar Aid ROME. June 10 (CDN).—Watch dog Congressmen, viewing Ameri can aid to Europe, can bark as loudly as they wish about the misuse of dollar help by European j governments. Nobody will get of fended because nobody will hear them. So it seems at least, from the experience here this week of Sen ator Benton, Connecticut ex advertising tycoon, former assist ant secretary of state for public affairs and publisher of the En cyclopedia Britannica. Senator Benten made a searing public attack Wednesday on the Italian government’s “failure to bring up the land reform law” and “failure to modernize the tax system.” He deplored the in dividualist attitude of Italian big business and declared that if communism is a threat in Italy it is because capitalism is not working here. Senator Benton's attack, de livered before the American Chamber of Commerce with many Italians present, was flashed fully to the United States, doubtless bringing cheer to reformists of the aid program. When the Marshall plan au thorities distributed Senator Ben ton's speech to 18 Italian agencies and newspapers, however, his flery words were quenched in silence. The rightist newspapers ignored his jabs, evidently because they showed dissatisfaction with the De Oasperi government’s lagging reforms. The Communists appar ently buried Senator Benton’s remarks because they showed that Americans were hitting the in ertias which the Communists often hammer, thus undermining their program. Mute Numbers Writer Here Wins Consideration of Court Maybe Willie Wolfe, 60, could neither read nor write nor speak, and was further handicapped by a partially paralyzed right arm. District Court Judge Alexander Holtzoff nonetheless was con vinced these disabilities failed to stop Willie from following his numbers—“writing” bent. The judge had information that the elderly colored man not only had been probationed for num bers activities in 1947, prior to pleading guilty to a numbers charge before the court yesterday, but that Willie had been locked up only last Thursday on a similar offense. Judge Holtzoff, however, felt kindly disposed. He had also been told lhat Willie was saddled with the support of eight children. “And.” reflected the judge, “I don't like to send a mute to jail.” He forthwith struck from the rec ord Willie’s guilty plea to the fel ony of lottery operation and al lowed him to plead guilty to the misdemeanor of numbers posses sion. Otherwise, under the law, •Over M f—n •# MMy Urr ku” YOUR RUGS CLEANED »< STORED, In our Moth-Proof Vaults Fast, Efficient Service I MERCHANTS Transfer St Storage Co. ese ■ st. n.w. na. see# the defendant could not be granted probation a second time. “But if I give you probation this time will you go out and op erate the numbers again?'’ de manded the judge. Willie's emphatic affirmative nod. was quickly interpreted by his counsel. Clifford Allder. “What he's trying to say. your honor, is ‘never again,' ” Mr. All der interposed. Once again on probation. Willie, who lives in the first block of L street N.W., now has only to worry about a commissioner s hearing on June 21 on the charge placed against him Thursday. IBP Estimates i Complete Showroom K&W 644 H St. N.E. ATIantic 3188 Open Evet. *til 9. P.M. McVane Named Adviser To U. S. Mission of U. N. By AiMcoHd ►ft** LAKE SUCCESS. June 10 — John McVane. radio commenta tor, was named yesterday as ad viser on press and radio relations to the United States mission to the United Nations. He is president of the Associa tion of Radio News Analysts. War correspondent and broadcaster, ha has covered U. N meetings since the war for the National Broad casting Co. Lately he has served as a moderator for U N corre spondents' interview programs on the American Broadcasting Co. network The Farallon Islands. 26 mllea west of San Francisco, have a population of 30. Long & Stone Floor Service, Inc. 1767 Columbia Road N.W. Telephone Hudson 8919 STORE OPEN UNTIL 9:00 P. M. FRIDAY AND SATURDAY, JUNE 9th AND 10th SPECIAL ARMSTRONG LINOLEUM Inlaid standard gauge marbleized patterns in stock $1.65 “ ■ . w p#r ,qUar# yQr(j ARMSTRONG ASPHALT TILE "B" Group Vs" at 5c per tile or $^50 or on* box MQI of 96 piece* I Cape Locn Haven 1 | On$€aufi$u( South River Q' i gP^C^\’S°NLY'25 MILES FROM D. jj ^“7fih#Op^c^^\ / VVI FIRST SECTION COMPLETELY SOLD OUTl | I | NIX^tifeTlON NOW READY! I WASHINGTON'S FINEST "CLOSE-IN" SALT WATER DEVELOPMENT I AN OPPORTUNITY TO BUY A BEAUTIFUL WOODED COTTAGE SITE I Cape Loch Haven is a vacation land for people who seek a change from overcrowded resorts to surroundings in which they can relax and enjoy their own sports and summer activities. It has a special appeal for the family who wants to enjoy a desirable cot tage site, and yet keep it well within their budget. Cape Loch Haven offers health ful, life-giving tonic for children and all the family in the pungent scent of verdant woodlands, com bined with sparkling sunshine and the tang of invigorating salt air. Cape Loch Haven offers excel lent boating, bathing and fishing. Crabs and oysters are abundant. Excellent boat harbors. Cape Loch Haven invites you to drive down and see for yourself how this cape fits your every need. It is hard to realize that there is a haven of rest and re laxation so close to Washington which may be reached by a short, pleasant drive over scenic and well-paved, wide highways for easy commuting. 1 WAYS TO PROPERTY 1. Via 15th and H N.E. 2. Peace Cross, Hyattsville. 3. Out Penn. Ave. S.E., left on Alabama Ave. Route 5 through Marlboro, right at Wells Comer to Wayson's Comer, straight ahead at Mt. Zion, Route 4 becomes Route 2, straight ahead to Route 214, turn right, follow signs to property. PROPERTY OWNERS ENJOY OVER A MILE OF PRIVATE SANDY SHORES |£ C KMrmAL AVfMJ/S * H “"it NOW 0FFERIN8 r°neys LARGE COTTAGE SITES Esso Station Loch Haven *395 ftmitt Pna. m*. Field Office on Property'