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Cloudy and humid today with high about 90. Scattered thundershowers this after noon and tonight. Low tonight about 70. Tomorrow sunny, warm, not so humid. Midnight, 75 6 a.m. ___73 10 a.m. _--80 2 a.m._73 8 a.m. _~75 11 a.m_81 4 a.m_72 9 a.m. 77 Noon-86 « - - - - ■ New York Morkets Closed Today. Guide for Readers Pill After Dark-B-9 Amusements -B-16 Classified __B-17-20 Comics_B-22-23 Crossword_B-22 Editorial -A-6 Put Edit! Articles—A-T Lost and Found, A-3 Obituary_A-4 Radio.B-21 Sports_A-8-9 Woman’s Sec., B-3-6 An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 185. Phone ST. 5000 *★ WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, JULY 4, 1950-THIRTY-FOUK PAGES. . City Home Delivery. Daily and Sunday, S1.20 a Month: when 5 BT mTXTTSt Sunday!, 91.30. Nliht Final Edition, *1.30 and $1.40 per Month. ** 25 MORE TANKS SPEARHEAD BIG RED PUSH ■ - 4 i Suwon Is Taken; Invaders Press Encircling Move South Koreans Forced To Flee as Armor Drives Into City BULLETIN TOKYO, Wednesday (£>).— Gen. MacArthur’s headquarters announced today that 25 more Red tanks had moved into the Korean fighting zone as invader columns pushed a wide flanking movement southeast of Suwon. The Red movement threatened encirclement of the South Ko rean forces in the Suwon-In chon-Seoul triangle. The com munique reported fighting at the port of Inchon, 20 miles west of Seoul. The Southerners were still holding Inchon, Gen. Mac Arthur said. By th« Associated Press TOKYO, July 4.—Suwon and its important airfield fell to the North Korean Reds today, a spokesman for Gen. MacArthur's advanced headquarters in Korea announced. He said the Communist victory followed a day-long battle with all elements of four or five North Korean divisions participating. Suwon airfield was the center of the early stage of the American airlift assist to Korea. It accom modated big Skymaster planes (C-54s> and possibly B-29s, which were all important in the early stage of the Korean battle. The Reds quickly sent patrols farther southward, toward Ameri can outposts. Reds & Miles South of Suwon. There was no indication how close any American units are to the Suwon area. The Red patrols already had pushed 5 miles south of that town. The Reds presumably are “push ing with all they have” toward American positions, the spokes man added. He expressed doubt that the captors of Suwon would pause there, as they did last week after capturing Seoul. Today’s attack represented “the most effective” and perhaps the largest concentration of Commu nist troops yet used in the 10 day-old war, the spokesman elab orated. He added that no American troops were involved and—despite MacArthur Warns North Koreans on ROW Rules of War By the Associated Press ' TOKYO. July 4—Gen. MacArthur said today he intended to observe the rules of war in the treatment of prisoners. “I will hold responsible any individual acting for North Korea who deviates from the principles of treatment of war prisoners,” the American gen eral said. an earlier announcement here that Yanks had seen minor ac tion—that no GIs yet had been in combat in Korea. "fteal Punch” by Reds, v The spokesman said today's Red effort was “a real, honest-to-God punch.” The Communist lunge against Suwon held to the pattern the Reds have followed in their drive southward. Tanks pushed for ward, driving the Southerners back. In past moves Red cavalry or infantry has followed closely astern the tanks. The spokesman was unable to say if Red infantry had entered Suwon, but it can be presumed Red soldiers are not far outside (See KOREA, Page A-5.) Evacuees From Korea Due in Seattle Tonight By the Associated Press SEATTLE, July 4.—The first planeload of American evacuees from Korea is scheduled to reach Seattle at midnight tonight (PST, 3 a.m. Wednesday EST) 34 hours after leaving Tokyo, Northwest Airlines reported today. The flight inaugurates a twice a-week shuttle service the airline is operating from Anchorage, Alaska, to Tokyo to bring out sev eral hundred persons forced to flee from Southern Korea. They include Army, Air Force and Navy dependents and civilians connected with the military and the State Department. No Late Editions Of The Star Today Because of the Fourth of July holiday, the Night Final editions of The Star will not be printed today. Subscribers to these will re ceive the regular edition. Tough, Long Campaign Seen In Mac Arthur Call for Marines Manpower Problem Under Consideration; More B-29s on Way to Far East By L. Edgar rrina The dispatch of Marine ground and air units to the Far East along with additional B-29 Super | Forts, is a strong indication that the fighting in Southern Korea is going to be tougher and longer than was at first supposed, mili tary observers agreed today. Gen- MacArthur’s request for Marine Support was believed to be prompted by a realization he would need more than the Army troops now available to defeat the northern Communist invaders. While there has been no official announcement of what use the supreme commander will make of the units of the 1st Marine Di vision, it is held unlikely here that they would merely sit it out as garrison troops in Japan while Army troops are -sent to the front. The Navy’s brief announce ment yesterday stated only that Marine ground and air units from Camp Pendleton and El Toro Air Station, both in California, had been ordered to report to Gen. MacArthur. Brig. Gen. E. A. Craig will com mand the first unit of Marines to; -! leave, and Brig. Gen. Thomas Cushman will head the Marine air components. Current strength of the battle ready 1st Division is believed to be less than 10,000 men. But the unit contains many veterans of World War n, and since 1947 they have been under orders to be ready for action on four days’ notice. Full war strength of the rein forced division is about 24,000. Navy sources said the Marines would board fast transports within a few days for the more than 4,000 mile trip to Japan. That would put them on the scene in a little more than two weeks. The Air Force announcement that more B-29s—perhaps as many as 75—had been ordered from West Coast bases to the Far East also points up the problem of ob taining more trained manpower for the armed forces, especially if the Korean fighting is long and costly. A top-level conference at the Blair House yesterday, in which President Truman reviewed the Korean situation for an hour with cabinet, defense and congressional leaders, pointed up the manpower problem. Friendly Planes'Atlack Near U. S. Positions In Korea Investigated Australian Commander Denies Craft Were His; Identity Held 'Impossible' ly tb* Associated Press TOKYO, July 4.—Friendly planes staged a machine-gun and rocket attack near advanced American positions in South Korea yesterday and American air officials said an investigation is under way. An American sergeant was slightly wounded and a train load of ammunition bound for the South Korean Army was blown up. Associated Press Correspondent Tom Lambert in the field said the planes were Mustang fighters bearing Australian markings. Lt. Gen. H. C. H. Robertson, commander of British Common wealth Occupation Forces in Japan, said no Australian planes were aloft then and the attackers were American F-80 jets and a “Korean Mustang.” United States air officials said positive identification was "vir tually impossible.” “They Happen in Every War.” They said this was not the first, and probably will not be the last time, that friendly air craft fired near or perhaps on their own troops. The Korean battle is fluid and confused. “All of these incidents are re grettable,” said one officer, "but they happen in every war.” A spokesman at advanced head quarters in South Korea said flatly the identity of the planes was not known. _ * Mr. LAmDert said m a telephone call to Tokyo after Gen. Robert son made his statement that he saw no jets in the attack which sent him diving to cover. The F-80 mentioned by Gen. Robertson is the Lockheed Shoot ing Star jet fighter. Mr. Lambert said he saw five F-51 Mustangs in the air. At that altitude, he added, it would be difficult to mistake a Mustang —with its conventional engine and rather bulky design—with a streamlined jet. He said the raid was not made on the American positions but on targets near them. The sergeant was out on a road when hit. Mistakes Held Unavoidable. While diving for shelter, Mr. Lambert said he saw wing mark ings of a white dot in a blue circle. Gen. Robertson said his planes now were marked with red, white and blue circles without a ‘central dot. An Australian officer said wing markings are changed whenever standard designs are so similar to other participating planes as to cause confusion. The American planes have a white star in a blue circle with bars on each side of the circle in red, white and blue. The speed of aerial warfare makes such mistakes unavoidable, United States air officers declared. Before pilots leave their bases they are given a “bomb linf” which shows the limit or expected; limit of the advance of friendly ground troops during the aerial mission. Battle conditions frequently change quickly. Infantrymen often exceed their planned advances at the time of air strikes. When aircraft are supporting ground troops with strafing attacks, as in this conflict, the margin is narrower because the ground forces are closer together. There still are few fixed positions on the Korean front. After the meeting, about which there had been no prior announce ment, Presidential Secretary Eben Ayers said no decisions had been made. Reserve Mobilization Favored. And Defense Secretary John son replied “not at this time” when asked about the prospect ftf a partial mobilization. Some military leaders, however, were reported to be in favor of calling up some reserve units composed largely of World War II officers and to be filled out with volunteers. The manpower needs, according to these leaders, would arise under three situations: To cover losses in Korea and provide reinforce ments further, if necessary; to meet the threat of possible Chi nese Red troop support to the Northern Koreans, and to guard Japan if Gen. MacArthur were forced to commit more of his oc cupation forces. Possibility of federalizing the National Guard has been con sidered, but put aside Jor the present, military leaders''said. Chinese Red Threat Stressed. As to the possibility that Chi nese Communists would aid the North Koreans with troops, Chi nese Ambassador Koo had a re port for the State Department yesterday. He said 200,000 Communist troops, Chinese and Korean, are in North Korea, the jumping-off place for the invasion. He added that the Chinese Reds have a “large group” poised on the North Korean border and ready to enter the battle if needed. In another development yester day, the Navy announced that it would send the 45,000-ton aircraft carrier Midway and four destroy ers to join the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean. The ships are scheduled to leave Norfolk about July 10. The Navy said it was normal procedure to augment overseas fleets at the time station vessels were preparing to return, but it did not say that the 27,000-ton carrier Leyte and 13 other war (See MARINES, Page A-3. " Scottish Miners Strike GLASGOW, Scotland, July 4 (JP).—A strike for a pay increase of 28 cents a shift for lower paid help has taken 6,000 men out in the Lanarkshire coal fields closing 11 pits today. The wage demand previously had been rejected by the National Coal Board, which runs Britain’s nationalized coal mines. j MBWaMMaaMBanMa > Soviet Demands U. N. Oust U. S. Army in Korea Armed Aggression by Americans Charged In Gromyko Blast By the Associated Press MOSCOW, July 4.—A high level Russian demand for the United Nations to expel American armed forces from Korea today high lighted a flood of Soviet press criticism of American military in tervention in the Far East. In a lengthy statement bristling with accusations against the United States, Soviet Deputy For eign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko declared: “The United Nations will only fulfill its obligations to maintain peace if the Security Council de mands the unconditional cessation of American military intervention and the immediate withdrawal of the American armed forces from Korea.” Headlines Echo Gromyko. His words were echoed in the leading Russian papers. Here were some of the headlines: “Soviet people demand immed iate ending of American aggres sion in Korea”—Izvestia, the gov ernment organ. “Soviet people demand cessa tion of American aggression in Korea”—Pravda, the Communist Party organ. “Hands off Korea—workers of U. S. S. R. wrathfully protest against American aggression”— Soviet Sport. Gromyko’s statement also charged that President Truman by committing the United States 7th Fleet to maintain Chiang Kai-shek’s hold on Formosa was violating Big Four Cairo and Potsdam agreements that Formosa was a part of China. The Rus sians contend the island should be governed by Mao Tze-tung’s Peiping regime. Armed Aggression Charged. The statement, published by Soviet news agency Tass, accused the United States of commiting "armed aggression,” “a hostile act against peace” and of waging “open war against the Korean people.” (In Washington the State j Department said it would not comment immediately on Gro- : mkyo’s statement.) Reiterating previous Soviet claims that United States-backed South Korean forces had started the fighting, Gromyko asserted American "aggressive circles” sought to gain control over all of Korea to use it as a “military and strategic bridgehead in the Far East.” (Both American and United Nations observers previously had charged the Communist-led North Koreans with opening the lighting with an invasion across the 38th parallel that separates Russian-dominated North Ko (See RUSSIA, Page A-3.) Water Supply Normal Again in West Berlin ly the Associated Press BERLIN, July 4.—West Berlin’s water supply was back to normal today, city engineers reported, aft er a local shortage caused when the East Berlin Communists shut off mains at the sector borders. The American-sector borough of Neukoelln was temporarily dry. This was remedied by putting on extra pumping pressure. Since Saturday West Berlin has been also operating on its own electricity supply after the Com munists shut off supplies which had been delivered from the sur rounding Russian zone. Quirino's Daughter Is Married In Palace to Wealthy Manilan By th« Associated Press MANILA, July 4.—Amid the splendor of Malacanan Palace, Vicky Quirino, 19-year-old daugh ter of the President of the Philip pines, was married today to Luis Gonzales, 24, American-educated member of a rich Manila fatnily. The bride wore an all-satin Filipina dress from which extended a train 5 yards long and 6 yards wide. Her tulle illusion veil, 15 yards long, was held in place by a tiara decked with diamonds and pearls shaped from a family heir loom. She had six bridesmaids. Msgr. Gabriel Reyes, Archbishop of Manila, performed the cere mony. which was blessed by Pope Pius xn. The palace gardens were re splendent in multicolored lights. Outside the palace gates a small crowd waited. This was not the first wedding in the Malacanan Palace. In 1921 Lt. Osborne Wood, son of then Gov. Gen. Leonard Wood of the Philippines, was married to Miss Katherine Thompson of New York. During the Japanese occu pation a daughter of Jorge Var gas, then executive secretary of the government, was married at the palace. Today about 1,000 invitations were issued to the highest officials of the islands, the diplomatic and consular corps. Vicky was led to the altar by her father, President Elpidio Quirino. In March of this year she was reported to have been interested in Lennart Jakell, 26, a Swede liv ing in San Francisco, who was attending a Junior Chamber of Commerce convention in Manila. Mr. Jakell has since returned to the United States and both she and he said their meeting resulted only in friendship. The bridegroom was. graduated from the University of California. Six Masked Gunmen Invade Havana Court And Seize Documents Papers Taken Relate To Fraud Charges Against Ex-President •y tH* Associated Press HAVANA. Cuba, July 4.—Six gunmen invaded a courtroom here today and seized documents charging former President Ramon Grau San Martin and others of misappropriating $174 million. Police held for questioning two officers on guard at the court. One of them said he opened the locked door of the courtroom early today in response to a knock in the belief it was a police captain making a regular inspection. The officer said that six gun men carrying pistols and auto matic rifles forced their way in side. They wore women's black stockings as masks. The guard said the gunmen tied them up and then made away with the documents. Former Treasurer Indicted. The court had only recently in dicted Isauro Valdes Moreno, for mer secretary of the treasury under Grau, and other former officials on charges of misappro priating $9.5 million. Tne prosecutors in the case an nounced last week that they had asked indictment of Grau and others in his administration. Grau said at the time he would welcome a complete airing of the charges. Under Cuban court procedure a prosecutor or citizen may go into court and file charges. The court investigates and then decides whether to return an accusation— similar to an indictment by a grand jury in the United States. Police said the gunmen stole more than 30 principal documents on the case. Familiar With Documents. Judge Federico Justiniani, who recently assumed charge of the case, said it was obvious the rob bers were thoroughly familiar with the documents desired. They left others not related to the case. Grau was President from 1944 to 1948. He handed over the office to his long-time friend and po litical follower, Carlos Prio So carras, at the end of his term. There have been numerous charges in the press and in Con gress of wholesale thefts of gov ernment funds during Grau’s ad ministration. Various persons in his regime became tremendously wealthy—among them the late Senator Jose Aleman, whose wealth was estimated at between $70 million and $200 million. Official Washington Prefers The Star In a recent survey this is how top Government officials in Washington rated The Star among the Capital’s four news papers: FIRST for complete ness of news coverage, FIRST for reader confidence and FIRST for total readership. At home or on vacation, the best way to keep informed on the important Washington scene is to read the Washington newspaper official Washington reads—The Evening and Sun day Star. For efficient home or vaca tion delivery, phone Sterling 5000 now. Panama Restores July 4 As an Official Holiday By the Associated Press PANAMA CITY. Panama, July 4.—July fourth has been restored to the list of official Panama holi days. President Arnulfo Arias signed, a decree restoring it today. It was in his first administration in 1940 that the United States In dependence Day anniversary was removed from the list. He said that Panama's recognition reci procates celebration of Panama’s Independence Day November 3 as a holiday in United States-con trolled areas of the Canal Zone. Showers May Curtail Oklahoma Voting By th« Associated Press OKLAHOMA CITY, July 4 — Showers dropped on Oklahoma today as voters named their fa vorites in a heated Senate pri-i mary race and 212 other congres sional, State and local contests. Just what effeet the rains will have on this unprecedented holi-! day election isn’t known—but most political observers predict it will cut the vote* National interest was centered on the bid of Elmer Thomas for a fifth term in the Senate. Chal lenging him in the Democratic primary is Mike Monroney, fifth district Congressman for 12 years. Observers look for a close battle. The vote was expected to range from 350,000 upward. In 1946 and 1948 the primary vote was between 350,000 and 400,000. Before 1946, primaries were held on the second Tuesday of July. The Legislature changed it to the first Tuesday—thus today's un usual holiday balloting. There are five other candidates in the Democratic Senate race, but they are not expected to pull many votes. It is possible that Senator Thomas or Mr. Monroney can win a majority of all votes cast and avoid a July 25 runoll. Republicans also have a heated Senate primary, an unusual oc curence in normally Democratic Oklahoma. The race is primarily between the Rev. W. H. “Bill” Alexander, pastor of Oklahoma City’s first Christian Church, and Raymond H. Fields, Guthrie news paperman. Pole Gets 38 Death Sentences WARSAW, Poland, May 4 (IP). A Warsaw military court yester day meted out 38 death sentences to Wiktor Stryewski for wartime mqrders of Communists and aid ing the Gestapo. Stryewski had been tried on 70 charges. There was no announcement of the ver dict on the other 32 counts. Two Die, Two Injured As Fire Razes Home Along C. & 0. Canal Firemen Bridge Water With Aerial Ladder To Battle Flames Two persons died and two others were injured early today in a fire which destroyed a one-story frame dwelling at 3814 K street N.W., one of a group of small homes located between the Chesapeake St Ohio Canal and the Potomac River. Firemen were forced to fashion an aerial-ladder boardwalk across the canal to get fire-fighting equipment to the scene. Fatally injured in the fire, police said, were: George Pickett, 52, of the K street address, who died at Emergency Hospital. Stephen J. Woods, 51, of the 300 block of E street N.W., who was pronounced dead on the scene by a Gallinger Hospital doctor. Blaze Starts in Kitchen. Injured, police said, were Maisey Shrout, 43, of the 3900 block of K street N.W., who was treated at Gallinger Hospital for shock and a possible back injury and re leased, and Henry Swartz, 50, of the 600 block of North Tazewell street, Arlington, who was treated at Gallinger for body burns. The blaze apparently broke out in the kitchen of the small wooden structure and destroyed the in terior rooms. Firemen extin guished the flames before therroof fell, however, police said. Cause of the fire, which broke out at about 2 a.m., was unde termined. Capt. Virgil Thompson 'of No. 5 Truck Company said firemen were blocked temporarily by the canal and a steep incline. An aerial ladder was quickly thrown across the canal, however, and a straight ladder lashed to its far end, form (See FIRE, Page A-2.) Baltic Refugees Seek To Join Korea Fighting By th* Associated Pre»» 'COPENHAGEN, Denmark, July 4.—A group of refugees from Bal tic countries now held by Russia met here today to ask to be al lowed to go to Korea to fight the Communists, the United States Embassy reported. The refugees asked that all Es tonian, Latvian and Lithuanian men in Denmark between the ages of 18 and 35 be allowed to go to Korea. They were told that the United States State Department had issued no orders on which the Embassy could act on the request. Accident Toll for Long Holiday Counted at 1 Every 10 Minutes ly the Associated Press Traffic and other accidents have killed at least 534 persons since' the Nation began a four-day July 4th celebration last Friday night. Traffic fatalities seemed cer tain to exceed the 385 predicted by the National Safety Council for the period. Between 6 p.m. Fri day and last midnight, 345 per sons had died on the highways. Another 113 had drowned and 75 « were killed in other miscellaneous accidents. The deaths were at the rate of more than one every 10 minutes. The only reported death from fireworks was in New Hampshire. The council estimated that by midnight tonight there will have been 36 million vehicles on the highways during the four days and that the Nation will have ex perienced its worst traffic jam in history. Korean Struggle Bears Heavily on Nation's Fourth Many Working Here At Vital Departments; Dulles Speaks Tonight America celebrated its inc|p pendence today while American troops were battling to preserve independence in Korea. Echoes of that struggle were heard in the Pentagon, the State Department and other vital Gov ernment' departments where thou sands of employes gave up the holiday to help the fight. Other thousands of Washing tonians were winding up what for some has been a four-day respite from work. For them, and a large comple ment of visitors, it was the typical Washington Fourth of July—pic Inics, baseball, boating, fireworks— all pointing to a grand climax at 7:30 p.m. on the Washington Monument Grounds. Capped by a mammoth fireworks display, the annual Monument program takes on added signifi cance this year with Washington observing its 150th anniversary. Dulles to Speak on Korea. The Sesquicentennial Commit tee and the Board of Trade, co sponsors of the show, hope for a crowd of 250,000. Seats selling at half the price of other years—50 cents for adults and 25 cents for children—still are available. The Korean struggle appropri ately will take a prominent spot on the program. John Foster Dulles, special adviser to the Secretary of State and recently returned from the war-torn country, will speak on "America and Korea—the In terdependence of Independence.” A threat of showers hung over this and other community celebra tions this evening. The forecaster said thundershowers were more likely today than yesterday, when .04 of an inch of rain was recorded at the airport. Tableau to Be Presented. The Monument Grounds’ elab orate "Salute to Independence" will open with tunes by the Army. | Navy and Marine Bands, followed !by the massing of 200 flags. Introduced by Senator Ful bright, Democrat, of Arkansas, Mr. Dulles will begin speaking ; shortly after 8 p.m. One of the highlights is a tableau by Allen Zee, depicting such scenes as “The Spirit of ’76,” "The I Liberty Bell,” and "Signing of the Declaration of Independence.” On the diversified program will be popular and cowboy songs, high-wire and balancing acts, a ballet and songs by the Sesqui centennial chorus of 120 voices. At 9 p.m. the fireworks display begins. Called the “biggest yet," it will include impressive set pieces. In one of them, huge portraits of George Washington and President Truman will be bridged by an arch of fire spelling “Faith of Our Fathers,” title of Paul Green's new symphonic drama opening at the Sesqui centennial * Amphitheater, Au gust 4. inner programs scheduled. Throughout the day, other pro grams of games, swimming, pa rades and oratory were scheduled at playgrounds and parks in Washington and nearby counties. The Sesquicentennial motif will feature a program at Coolidge Recreation Center, Third and Van Buren streets N.W., at 7:30 p.m. Miss Mary Jane Hayes, “Miss Washington," will reign as “Queen of the Sesquicentennial,” and there will be a historical tableau, talent show and finally, a “Grand Display of Fireworks.” The North Wash ington Recreation Council is sell ing $1 family membership cards for admission to the reserved area. East Reich Reported Expanding Red Police By tH« Associated Press BERLIN. July 4.—East Ger man’s Communist government is expanding its “People's Police” army by about 15,000 men to a total of nearly 100,000 Russian zone political sources reported to day. These forces also are to receive new weapons and to become highly motorized through an in creased budgetary appropriation of nearly 50 per cent, sources close to the East German Ministry of Interior said. The dark-uniformed “People's Police” have been branded by the Western powers as an illegal Ger man Communist army, created and equipped with infantry weap ons under Russian auspices in violation of four-power agree ments for Germany’s demilitari zation. The Communists also have announced they are creating a naval division of these forces. German anti-Communist Spokes men have expressed fears that the Communists might some day use this police army to create “an other Korea” here with an attack on West Germany if the Western occupation powers withdrew.