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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 05, 1950, Image 13

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1950-07-05/ed-1/seq-13/

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Text of Address by John Foster Dulles at Moriument Grounds
The text of the address by
John Foster Dulles at the Ses
quicentennial Fourth of July
celebration at Washington Mon
ument last night follows:
We meet here to celebrate our
day of freedom. Our thoughts
turn back to the glorious past,
when our forebears fought despot
ism and won liberty. We should
always keep those memories fresh.
Happily, however, we are a Nation
that lives not only on its past,
but in its present. Tonight our
thoughts are irresistibly drawn to
Korea, that young republic where
our soldiers, sailors and airmen
are again lighting for freedom.
We can say with pride that our
spirit today is the spirit of ’76
and that our living today is faith
ful to the principles on which our
Nation was founded.
Our founders felt that they
were conducting a great experi
ment in human liberty. Prom the
beginning they were inspired by
a sense of mission. They were
consciously building not for them
selves alone but for the benefit of
all mankind.
Moral Rights Expressed.
The Declaration of Independ
ence is expressed not in terms of
American rights, but in terms of
the natural moral rights of all
men. It proceeds from the premise
that “all men are endowed by
their creator with certaiii inalien
able rights” and the Founding
Fathers made it clear that they
were setting a pattern of freedom
for men everywhere.
Largely under the inspiration of
that example, the 19th century
became a great period of liberal
ism, when human beings freed
themselves from the yoke of
despotism. Wherever they sought
to do so they had the support of
the United States.
We early established the Monroe
Doctrine, to warn Czarist Russia
and its allies to keep their hands
off the republics of this hemisphere
whose continuing independence,
we said, was vital to our own peace
and happiness. Toward the end
of the 19th century we enunciated
the “Open Door” policy for China,
to help the Chinese people develop
in their own way free of alien
domination. In this 20th century
we have joined in two World Wars
when the freedom of the West
was imperilled by military despot-:
ism. Five years ago we signed the
United Nations Charter and there
by pledged ourselves to seek uni
versal respect for human rights
and fundamental freedoms and
the preservation of political inde
pendence as against violent attack.
U. S. Cannot Be Isolationist.
The history of our Nation makes
il consistent, unfolding pattern. We
have supported human free
dom and political independence
throughout the world, both as a
matter of good morals and be
cause we saw that our own free
dom was an integral part of total
human freedom.
The United States can never be
Isolationist and it never will be
so long as we are true to our
heritage. An isolationist America
would be a contradiction in terms,
for America has from the begin
ning been a symbol of the univer
sal cause of human liberty. What
we are doing today is in keeping
with the tradition of our past.
I was in Korea only two weeks
ago and saw with my own eyes
that that republic was a land of
freedom. The people had just had
their second general election.
Eighty per cent of the eligible
voters had gone to the polls. A
majority of the representatives
elected were independent of the
party which controlled the elec
tion machinery and the police
force. That is proof of real po
litical liberty*
I talked with leading educators
and attended a gathering of pro
fessors and students at one of
their leading universities. I spent
an evening of religious worship
with 3,000 Christian refugees who
had fled from the northern dicta
torship of atheistic Communism
so as to enjoy the religious and
intellectual liberty of the Repub
lic of Korea. There was no doubt
as to the reality of that liberty
The people were happy and in
dustrious and using energetically
and co-operatively their new
found freedom.
The society was so wholesome
that it could not be overthrown
from within. That had been tried
and failed. So early Sunday
morning, nine days ago, open ag
gression was brought into play.
Without warning heavy tank for
mations drove down from the
north, moving through the val
leys to converge first upon the
capital of Seoul, then to fan out
to the south. They were preceded
I and covered by combat planes
which, swooping low, machine
gunned and terrorized the civilian
population. The defending forces
of the Republic had no combat
planes, tanks or heavy artillery
with which to oppose them.
Attack Called Ruthless.
The long-prepared, suddenly ex
ploded, ruthless attack was char
acteristic of military despotism. It
was, in miniature, the kind of at
tack that could hit us if we are
content to live in a world where
such methods are tdlerated. The
struggle in Korea represents the
timeless issue of whether lovers of
liberty will be vigilant enough,
brave enough and united enough
to survive despotism.
The United States, as a mem
ber of the United Nations, had
helped to create the Korean Re
public. We had given it economic
aid. We alone of the free world
had military strength in the
immediate area. We were the
logical first defenders of the
liberty that had been assaulted.
It was, however, important that
we should not act alone or with
out international sanction. The
United Nations had been estab
lished for the very purpose of
dealing with such situations. Its
Security Council met within a
few hours of the opening of the
assault. All of the members were
present, except only the Soviet
Union, which sought by absence
to veto restraint on the aggressive
action of its satellite in North
Korea. The Council neverthless,
acted. It had a direct report from
its own commission in Korea and
in the light of that report, un
hesitatingly, branded the attack
as a breach of the peace. It
called upon the member states to
assist to repel it.
President Truman, with bipar
tisan support, acted promptly and
vigorously to bring the United
States to respond to that Appeal.
The governments of many other
members of the United Nations did
likewise.
“International Murder.”
Thus we see international au
thority at work to prevent the
committing, against the Republic
of Korea, of what I call “inter
national murder."
The task undertaken is not a
light one and before it is finished
we shall all of us have to pay a
price. Already today in Korea
our youth are beginning to pay
the final price of life itself. The
rest of us may have to cut down
on our economic indulgence so
that, out of our great productive
capacity, we can help our friends
to match the offensive power
which the Soviet Union, out of its
economic poverty, supplies to its
friends.
I am confident that what has
happened will arouse the Amer
ican people. We have never
flinched when a great principle
was involved. We are engaged
today in the same battle which
was begun in 1776. Our own lib
erty cannot long be safe in a
world where despots can strike
down liberty, piecemeal, with fire
and sword.
We have today the great oppor
tunity to join with the other free
societies to prove that unprovoked
aggression does not pay. If we
sternly teach that lesson in terms
of the North Korean adventure,
then our own peace will be more
secure han ever before. But if
the free world fails to rally to the
support of one of its stricken
members, then one by one others
would be struck down and military
despotism, intoxicated by repeated
victories, would lose all sense of
restraint.
The United States has been ever
bound, by faith and by sacrifice,
to the cause of righteousness.
Washington, under the shadow of
whose monument we stand, com
mitted our Nation in its youthful
dedication. Lincoln, whose shrine
adjoins, said that our Declaration
of Independence envisioned liberty
“not alone to the people of this
country but hope for the world for
all future time.” We have never
sat idly by when despots at
tempted by violence to snuff out
that hope. Today we face a new
test. I am confident that our re
sponse will be worthy of our great
heritage, and that we shall not be
afraid to live sacriflcially and even
dangerously in a righteous cause.
11 Groups Attend Parade
Of Cabin John Fire Company
Eleven fire companies and res
cue squads from nearby Maryland
and Virginia participated last
night in the annual carnival and1
parade sponsored by the Cabin
John Volunteer Fire Department.
A $50 prize for the best band
went to the Potomac Band, while
the Elks Boys and Girls’ Band of
Silver Spring won a $25 prize.
Other winners in the parade were;
Glen Echo Volunteer Fire De
partment, best-appearing com
pany; Bethesda-Chevy Chase Res
cue Squad, best ambulance; the
squad auxiliary, best-appearing
ladies’ auxiliary; Accokeek (Va.)
Fire Department Company coming
the longest distance, and the
Daughters of America, Cabin
John, best non-firemen's march
ing unit.
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Bodies of 2 Who Drowned
Recovered in Maryland
The bodies of twa week-end
drowning victims were recovered
in Southern Maryland yesterday.
Taken from the Potomac near
Marshall Hall was the body of
Corpl. William T. Mulcahy, 20, of
Fort Belvoir. Corpl. Mulcahy, a
member of the Headquarters Co.,
First School Battalion, drowned
Saturday while swimming.
The body of R-ymond Dulin, 39,
Front Royal, Va„ was found in the
Patuxent River near Holland Point.
Mr. Dulin drowned Sunday while
swimming near Benedict.
Pike Renomination
Before Senate Today;
Chances Are Slight
The nomination of Sumner T.
Pike for reappointment to the
Atomic Energy Commission is
scheduled to be called up in the
Senate today.
Informed Senators said there
was less than a 50-to-50 chance
Mr. Pike would win confirmation
for a new four-year term on the
commission in the face of an ad
verse report from Senate members
of the Joint Atomic Energy Com
mittee.
Last week five of the nine Sen
ators on the committee—four Re
publicans and one Democrat—
voted to reject the Maine Repub
lican for the Important atomic
post. Pour Democratic Senators
voted for him.
Senator McMahon, Democrat,
of Connecticut, the committee
chairman, said he would urge con
firmation and point out that those
opposing Mr. Pike had failed to
make any specific charges against
him.
He added that he thought the
Senate should confirm the 58
year-old Pike on the basis of his
experience of three and a half
years on the commission. His
service on the commission is
longer than that of any of the
agency’s directorate.
Lined up against him are these
five members of the Atomic Com
mittee—Senators Hickenlooper of
Iowa, Millikin of Colorado, Brick
er of Ohio and Knowland of Cal
ifornia, all Republicans, and
Johnson of Colorado, Democrat.
Mr. Pike's term expired last
Friday night. Gordon Dean of
California has been designated
acting chairman.
As the Senate prepared to con
sider the nomination, the Fed
eration of American Scientists
said the AEC and the Nation face
a crisis and that the Senate
should put aside “petty considera
tions” in debating the nomination
of Mr. Pike for another term.
Austria now has 643 corpora
tions registered, compared with
526 before 1938.
I Jimmy Doolittle Is Named Top Aviator In last Decade!
•y th» Aisociattd Pr«»
NEW YORK, July 5.—Lt. Gen.
James H. (Jimmy) Doolittle, leader!
of the first bombing raid on Tokyo,
yesterday was named winner of
the Harmon International Avia
tion Award as the outstanding
aviator of the 1940-50 decade.
Miss Jacqueline Cochran was
cited as the world’s greatest avia
trix for the period and Vice Ad
miral Charles E. Rosendahl, com
mander of the Navy’s wartime
lighter-than-air activities, was
named the No. 1 aeronaut.
The awards were established in
1925 by the late Clifford Burke
Harmon, pioneer American aviator,
as a means of promoting world
peace and International good will.
The awards will be presented
in Washington this fall.
Walther Brecht Dies
BERLIN, July 5 (JP).—The death
if Walther Brecht, 74, German
philologist and literary historian,
was announced today in the Ber
in press. He died at his Munich
pome.
•» • ^
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