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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 05, 1950, Image 29

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Cost of Korea
May Be High,
Dulles Says
250,000 Routed
By Showers at
Monument Fete
Thousands of visitors were on
their way home today after one
of the solemnest, soggiest Fourth
of July celebrations Washington
has offered in years.
The solemn note came from j
John Foster Dulles. Republican
Text of John Foster Dulles' speech
on Page A-14
adviser to Secretary of State Ach
eson, who said of the Korean
"The task undertaken is not a
light one, and before it is finished
we shall all of us have to pay a
price. Already today in Korea
our youth is beginning to pay the
final price of life itself.
“The rest of us,” Mr. Dulles told
a holiday crowd estimated at 250,
000 on the Monument grounds
last night, “may have to cut down
on our economic indulgence so
that, out of our great productive,
capacity, we can help our friends
to match the offensive power
which the Soviet Union, out of
its economic poverty supplies to its
First Public Report on Korea.
It was Mr. Dulles’ first public
report on his recent trip to Korea.
He returned to this country
shortly before war broke out there
10 days ago.
His talk came near the opening
of the annual Independence Day
program at the Monument, and
he spoke under a cloudy sky. By
the time the festivities ended, half
an hour early, virtually all the
spectators were soaked by a series
of showers.
Of his trip. Mr. Dulles said he
“saw with my own eyes that j
(South Korea) was a land of free
dom. . . . The people were happy
and industrious and using ener
getically and co-operatively their
new-found freedom.”
The ruthless attack by North
Korean Communist forces, he said,
“was, in miniature, the kind of
attack that could hit us if we are
content to live in a world where
such methods are tolerated. The
struggle in Korea represents the
timeless issue of whether lovers of
liberty will be vigilant enough,
brave enough and united enough
to survive despotism.”
Truman’s Prompt Action Praised.
Mr. Dulles praised President I
Truman's action in offering
prompt American aid to the South
Koreans to prevent the commit
ting of “international murder.”
“We have today,” he said, “the
great opportunity to Join with the
other free societies to prove that
unprovoked aggression doe? not
pay. If we sternly teach that
lesson in terms of the North
Korean adventure, then our own
peace will be more secure than
ever before. But if the free world
fails to rally to the support of one
of its stricken members, then one
by one others would be struck
down and military despotism, in
toxicated by repeated victories,
would lose all sense of restraint.”;
Few Spectators Routed.
Although many out-of-town vis
itors left the city last night. Union
Station officials expressed surprise
at the small over-all exodus. It
was far under the number which
entered the National Capital over
the week end. One spokesman
surmised that many were remain
ing in Washington for the entire
Officials of the co-sponsoring
Board of Trade and National
Capital Sesquicentennial Commis
sion also expressed delighted sur
prise that so few spectators were
routed by the sudden showers.
Many who occupied the 15.000;
seats simply held the folding:
chairs over their heads and con
tinued to watch the show.
Almost half of the program had
to be cancelled because of the
rain, including singing cowboy and
wire - walking acts and the
pageant, "The Spirit of Inde
pendence Day.”
Fireworks Displayed Early.
However, it was decided not to
delay or postpone the fireworks,
which went on half an hour early
and at a stepped-up pace. Sev
eral displays went off simultane
ously, and the portraits of Presi
dent Truman and George Wash
ington blazed away under a
canopy of more spectacular fire
works. Many spectators didn’t
even see the flaring portraits.
Until the showers came, the
program for the most part went
off smoothly, opening with music
by Army, Navy and Marine Bands,
and a flag procesison which
marched on stage to a 21-gun
salute. During the opening music,
the 120-voice Sesquicentennial
chorus bravely rehearsed behind
the blue curtains.
Then several of the entertain
ment acts went off, including
songs by the chorus and Roy Rob
erts, an acrobatic team, and a
female vocalist, Nancy Donovan.
The National Ballet directed by
Marion Venable was performing
w'hen the downpour started in
earnest, and the girls were told
to stop dancing. They dashed
“It’s just a little summer shower
that we’re accustomed to here in
Washington,” desperately shouted
Master of Ceremonies Sam Jack
Kaufman over the loudspeaker.
It did blow over in a few min
utes—for a few minutes. When
the final “Good Night” shone in
fireworks, the rain had degener
ated into a mere drizzle.
Ton of Meat af Terminal
Is Condemned as Spoiled
The Health Department said
today it condemned about a ton
of meat last week as unfit for
human consumption.
Inspectors reported the un
usually large amount of spoiled
meat was found in two refrigera
tor cars at the Baltimore & Ohio
terminal. Delays encountered en
route from Chicago caused the
'Champion' of Bums
Held for Grand Jury
In Slaying on Mall
A self-styled champion of Ninth
street bums was ordered held for
action of the grand jury by a
coroner’s jury today in the
baseball-bat slaying of a former
flophouse bouncer.
He is Charlie Herbert (Three
Fingers) Brown, 55, of the 400
block of Sixth street N.W. He is
charged with the murder of Ray
mond Earl Lewis, 35, who worked
at the now-closed American House
j in the 400 block of Ninth street
At the coroner's inquest today,
police said Brown told them he
had hit Lewis in the face with the
bat last Friday on the Mall be
tween Seventh and Ninth streets
Refuses to Make Statement.
Brown, who had signed a writ
ten confession, according to po
lice. refused to make a statement
at the inquest, but at the end of
testimony by Sergt. Bernard
Crooke of the Homicide Squad, he
muttered that the officer's state
ments were “true.”
A slight, dark-haired, balding
man, Brown sat stiffly alert dur
ing the proceedings, his lips set in
a hard line.
Mr. Lewis was found about 3
p.m. Friday sprawled on the grass,
his face smashed. Coroner A.
Magruder MacDonald, presiding
at today's inquest, said the vic
tim had died from multiple frac
tures of face bones, brain con
cussion and shock.
Park Police Sergt. John H.
Compton said he found Brown
lying in the grass about 300 feet
away. “He was sort of bragging
about the fact he had done a
good job,” said Sergt. Compton.
"He thought this man <Lewis)
was a bad character, and had
done a lot of things to people
around Ninth street.”
No Witnesses to Slaying.
At his arraignment last week
Brown had said of Lewis and
another man he identified only as
Lewis’ “pal”:
"They’ve messed up a lot of
good fellows on Ninth street, j
They’re no good. They get these!
men, take all their money and
throw them out in the wilderness1
of Ninth street without a cent.
They’re the kind of people who i
deserve what I did.”
Although there were no actual
witnesses to the slaying, Mrs.1
Laura L. Gaertner of 933 L street
N.W., testified she was in the park
at the time. She said she saw a
group of men talking behind a
tree some distance away and “it
looked as if one man was swing
ing a baseball bat.”
She said she was too busy car
ing for her baby to pay much
attention when a man came up
to her and said:
“Here’s a bat for the baby. Be
sure you take it home.”
Mrs. Gaertner told Dr. Mac
Donald she would recognize the
man if she saw him again. How
ever, with Brown scarcely a dozen
feet away, her eyes swept the
courtroom and she said, “No, I
don't see him in the room.”
Tells of Borrowing SI.
James Stoddard, colored, of the
1400 block of Twelfth street N.W.,
said he had known Brown about
a year and a half, and last Friday
had borrowed $1 from him. He
said Brown told him Lewis “had
been beating people out of money
all his life, not out of 50 cents
and dollars, but out of hundreds
of dollars.”
Sergt. Crooke said Brown told
him he was in the park with a
couple of friends when he saw
Lewis come into the Mall and lie
down. Then, related Sergt. Crooke,
Brown told his friends:
“That’s my meat. I'm going to
get him.”
Sergt. Crooke said Brown told
him he went to a nearby sports
shop and bought a bat and came
back and struck Lewis in the face,
“I don't know how many times.”
District Area
Traffic Causes
One July 4 Death
Man, 61, Struck Down
Near Maryland U.
Is Only Fatality
Struck down as he walked across
Route 1, a Berwyn man died in
stantly to become the only Inde
pendence Day traffic fatality in
the Metropolitan Area.
He was Luther Gray Kirk, 61
who lived at the National Trailer
| Court. Dr. John T. Maloney
1 Prince Georges County coroner
said death resulted from a skull
fracture and loss of blood. The
accident occurred just north oi
the University of Maryland at
College Park.
Mr. Kirk's death raised the
Maryland traffic toll for the four
| day holiday to six. Virginia listed
just double that number for the
same period.
Driver Released on Bond.
In the College Park accident,
Maryland State police listed the
driver of the truck as William
Ralph Johnson, 39, of the 600
block of Roxboro place N.W. He
was released under $1,100 bond
pending a hearing on charges of
reckless driving and manslaugh
Mr. Kirk, w'ho was well known
in Prince Georges County, is sur
vived by relatives in Charlotte,
N. C., police said.
A taxi driver and his passenger
were injured early today when the
cab apparently got out of control,
crashed into a landing platform,
hit a tree and overturned in the
600 block of Rhode Island avenue
William Sincerney, 27, of 503
Fifteenth street S.E., the passen
ger, is in Casualty Hospital with
possible head and internal in
juries. The driver, Richard Spon
augle, 27, of 3067 South Buchanan
street, Arlington, was treated at
the hospital for a cut on his right
Hit-Run Case Reported.
Struck by an automobile that
reportedly sped away after the
accident, Mrs. Helen Harrison, 45,
colored, of 606 Barr alley N.E.,
suffered a compound fracture of
the right leg last night. She is at
Gallinger Hospital. A witness said
Mrs. Harrison was struck by a car
in the 600 block of H street N.E.
but the driver did not stop.
A Fairmont tW. Va.) youth suf
fered back injuries yesterday in
an automobile accident at Fair
fax Circle. He is Richard Cooper,
17, who was admitted to Arling
ton Hospital where his condition
was reported satisfactory today.
Three other persons were treated
for minor injuries as a result of
the accident.
Thrown from his bicycle, 9
year-old David Miller of 6609
North Sixteenth road, Arlington,
was admitted to Arlington Hos
pital for head and shoulder in
juries. The accident occurred
yesterday at Nineteenth and
North Roosevelt streets. Arling
ton police said no other vehicle
was involved.
Jeep Accident Fatal.
At Quantico, Va., an investiga
tion was under way in the death
of a Marine Corps Reservist, the
victim of a jeep accident Monday.
The man, Corpl. Shirley E. At
kinson, 24, U. S. M. C. R„ Peters
burg, Va., died in the base hospi
tal a few hours after the jeep in
which he was a passenger over
turned on the base where Reserve
detachments from Richmond and
Petersburg are in training.
The Marine Corps said the jeep
was driven by Pfc. Richard L.
Brinkley, U. S. M. C. R„ Hopewell,
Va., who was treated for minor in
Motorist Robbed of $8
While Family Dozes in Car
A Pennsylvania motorist today
reported that he was robbed of
$8 while he and members of his
family dozed in their car a short
distance north of the Fairfax
traffic circle, Route 50.
John G. Schweikort of Eldred,
Pa., told Fairfax police two young
men opened the door of the
parked car at 1 a.m. and stuck a
pistol into his ribs. He said they
took his wallet.
The victim’s wife and their two
sons were asleep. The robbers
were described as about 5 feet 8
inches tail and both in their 20s.
JULY 4, 1950—Bombs were bursting last night—over the Monument Grounds and, thousand of miles away, over Korea. Sym
bolic of America's fight for freedom, In Korea and around the world, a sentry stood beneath a bursting fireworks bomb at the
Monument Grounds. Subject of the double exposure is Pvt. Gerald Cole of Bolling Air Force Base.
___ —Star Staff Photo by Randolph Routt.
Should Auld Acquaintance?—Not to Four in Willard Lobby
By Harry Lever
In far-off Turkey Philip Ernst
i had noted the approach of July 4,
1950, for a long time. And as the
date moved closer his energies
were directed toward a single goal:
“I ve got to get to the lobby of
the Willard.”
He often looked at a document,
one of six exactly alike. It con
I tained his signature and those of
j five others, who sat around a
table on May 28, 1926. All of
j them were United States Marines
j working in the Supply Division of
•the Quartermaster's Office at
headquarters here.
The original agreement and its
| copies, pre-dated to July 4, 1925,
i called for a reunion in the lobby
! of the Willard Hotel 25 years later,
which was yesterday. Regardless
! of distance, each man was to make
: every effort to keep the date. The
: goal was renewal of friendship.
The American Consul in Izmir,
Mr. Ernst applied for leave which
would bring him to Washington
in time for the reunion. But the
outlook looked so dark that he
wrote a letter to O. Leslie Steidel,
50, of Franconia, Va.. expressing
his regrets. After more than 20
(years. Mr. Ernst wanted to see
Mr. Steidel and the others w'ho
had signed.
Close to Noon the Hour.
Looking at his copy of the
agreement, Mr. Steidel noted that
the rendezvous was to be in the
lobby between 10 a.m. and 6 p.m„
and preferably as close to noon
as possible.
He entered the Willard at 10
a.m. yesterday and stood near the
i old grandfather's clock. At 11:15
! no one else had shown up. Mr.
(Steidel couldn’t understand, for at
least two of the signers lived right
here in Washington. He had
hoped William P. Shanahan, 49,
11 LEAD HOLIDAY CELEBRATION—John Foster Dulles (left), who warned Americans they must
i sacrifice to achieve victory in Korea, is pictured at the Monument Grounds program with Sen
ator Fulbright, Democrat, of Arkansas (center), who introduced him, and Carter T. Barron, gen
eral chairman of the program. . 1 —Star Staff Photo.
,1 ' ", t
These four men kept a date to get together in the lobby of the Willard Hotel on July 4, 1950. ;
One of them flew from Turkey to be there. They are (left to right) Howard E. America, 208 Far
ragut street N.W.; William P. Shanahan, 4729 Tenth street N.E.; O. Leslie Steidel, Franconia,
Va., and Philip Ernst, United States Consul. —Star Staff Photo.
of 4729 Tenth street N.E. and
Howard E. America, 53, of 208
Farragut street N.W. would come.
You’d think a reunion would be
unnecessary for men who live so
close together. But Mr. Steidel
and Mr. America hadn't seen each
other in five years. And Mr. Shan
ahan and Mr. America had seen
each other only occasionally.
Three Shake Hands.
The clock was about to strike
noon when Mr. America and Mr.
Shanahan walked in. The three
men shook hands.
"Too bad about Phil not being
able to make it,” remarked Mr.
“But I have made it, boys,” said
a voice behind them.
It was Mr. Ernst. His leave had
come through and he had flown
here from Turkey.
Two men were still missing but
j there was no hope they'd be there.
Nathaniel J. Lytle died about a
year ago. William F. Michaud,
although still believed alive, has
; never been heard from since
shortly after the agreement was
made. There had been no reply to
j Mr. Steidel's letter to him. ad
dressed only: ‘‘Fall River, Mass.”
There was practically no cor
respondence over the years.
“We’re going to make up for it,
though,’’ Mr. Ernst said. “We'll
see each other often as long as
I’m here. That will be about 60
days and then I'm off for a new
The foyr men had plans. They
were going to drink a toast. And
| they signed another agreement,
calling for another reunion in the
i lobby of the Willard around Labor
Day. 1960.
“July is just too hot in Wash
ington,’’ said Mr. Shanahan, wip
ing his brow.
Anti-Rabies Vaccination Drive
Opens at 12 Stations Monday
A call for all dog owners to
bring in their pets for vaccination
against rabies was issued today by
the Health Department.
The animal anti-rabies vaccina
tion campaign will begin Monday
at 12 stations about the city. Last
year 22,000 dogs were vaccinated
and the department hopes to im
munize even more this year.
The annual vaccination is a
matter of law under regulations
issued by the Commissioners.
Failure to comply may result in
fines up to $300.
Walter W. Burdette, director of
the department’s Bureau of Food
Inspection, who will direct the
campaign, says all dogs brought to
the stations for vaccination should
be on a leash and accompanied
by an adult capable of controlling
the animal.
Dogs will be vaccinated on Mon
days, Wednesdays and Fridays
from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m., except on
rainy days. The work of vacci
nating the dogs is done in the
open. The stations are:
Northwest—Adams School. Nineteenth
and California streets; Alice Deal xiieh
School, Fort drive and Nebraska avenue;
Polk School. Seventh and P streets: Up
shur street hospital. Fourteenth and Up
shur streets: Whittier School. Fifth and
Sheridan streets, and the yard in the
rear of the Fussell-Young Ice Cream
Co.. .3206 N street.
Northeast—Burroughs School. Eight
eenth and Monroe streets; circus grounds,
Twenty-third street and Oklahoma ave
nue. and Merritt School, Fiftieth and
Haves streets.
Southeast—Kramer Junior High School.
Seventeenth and Q streets.
Southwest—Patterson School, South
Capitol street between Danbury and El
more street and the District Pound, South
CaDitol and I streets.
Housewife's Screams Foil
Burglary in Arlington
Screams of a frightened house
wife thwarted an Arlington bur
glary early today.
Mrs. Helen Buskey said she
awoke to find a bright light shin
ing in her face. Her outcry woke
her husband, William, 47, who
jumped out of bed.
An intruder fled from the house
at 839 North Harrison street. Ar
lington police said the back door
had been broken open.
The police reported a drug store
at 256 North Glebe road was
robbed pf $250 early today.
Star Movies
Playground Film
Program for Tonight
Washington, 8:30 p.m.
Chevy Chase, Forty-first and
Livingston streets N.W.; Takoma,
Fourth and Whittier streets N.W.:
Turkey Thicket, Tenth street and
Michigan avenue N.E.: Ridge,
Ridge road and Burns street S.E.;
Hine, Seventh and C streets S.E.:
Anacostia, between Eleventh street i
and Pennsylvania Avenue Bridges
S.E.; Howard, Fourth and W
streets N.W.; Happy Hollow,,!
Eighteenth street and Kalorama
road N.W\; Crummell, Gallaudet
and Kendall streets N.E.; Lincoln,
Sixth and L streets S.E.
Arlington, 8:30 p.m.
Shirley Homes, Twenty-eighth
and South Nash streets.
Alexandria, 9 p.m.
Washington, South Washington
i street.
Montgomery County, 9 p.m.
Rock Creek, East Leland street
j and Beach drive.
The movies in Prince Georges
County will be resumed tomor
1 row.
Marshall Join
In 'Voice' Plea
Acheson Also Asks
Expanded Program
In Propaganda War
By Cecil Holland
Two of this country’s most dis
tinguished soldiers—Gen. George
C. Marshall and Gen. Dwight D.
Einsenhower — today urged a
greatly expanded Voice of America
program to carry to the world the
ideals of freedom and democracy
In combating Communist propa
Gen. Marshall, former Secretary
of State, said “something more
dynamic” than procedures fol
lowed up to this time is needed
to offset Russian efforts to cap
ture the minds and hearts of
peoples in many parts of the
Gen. Eisenhower, now president
of Columbia University, empha
sized the need of a greatly ex
panded program to build up “the
morale factor” in the present
"struggle between freedom and to
“Confidence in Freedom.”
Gen. Eisenhower, who led the
Allied forces to victory over Hit
ler’s Germany, said there is no
victory in piling up just military
armaments. “In all these things,”
he added, “morale is what we are
talking about, to get the people
to have confidence in freedom. If
we get that there is no question
but that they will rally around to
maintain that freedom.”
Both Gen. Marshall and Gen.
Eisenhower testified before a Sen
ate Foreign Relations subcommit
tee in support of a resolution call
ing for a greatly expanded pro
gram of information aftd educa
tion among all the peoples of the
Secretary of State Acheson also
joined in advocating the broad
ened program.
Notes Communist Campaign.
Mr. Acheson said that interna
tional Communist propaganda has
been engaged in “a great cam
paign of falsification, distortion,
suppression and deception” with
this country as a special target.
“We have not been selected as
a targe® simply because the Com
munists don’t love us,” he con
tinued. “The Communist effort
to misrepresent and discredit the
aims and nature of American life,
and the aims and nature of Amer
ican foreign policy, has primarily
a great strategic value in the
furtherance of Communist world
objectives. This Communist cam
paign, therefore, jeopardizes the
security of the United States, and
is a threat to the security of the
free world.”
The resolution is sponsored by
Senator Benton, Democrat, of
Connecticut, and 12 other Sen
senator Benton, a former As
sistant Secretary of State in
eharge of the Voice of America
program, told the subcommittee
that the fighting in Korea today
is a result of “a direct failure of
this Nation to project the idea of
democracy in the world and to
publicize our determination to
stand up for the things we believe
in, and the principles we will
fight for.”
Charges Negligence.
He added that*this country has
been ‘criminally negligent” in
letting Russia get away with “very
insidious propaganda” that has
filled the North Koreans “with
hate and lies” about America’s
peaceful intentions throughout the
Gen. Eisenhower pointed out
that the United States went into
South Korea with the best of in
tentions of maintaining the free
dom of that country in the face
of aggression by the Communist
dominated North Korean govern
“We Must Try on Every Front.”
He stressed that such an under
taking should not be confined just
to broadcasting and added:
“We must try on every front.”
The Benton resolution suggests
no amount to be spent. Senator
Benton told the committee that
he understood the State Depart
ment would present a request to
the Senate Appropriations Com
mittee within a few days.
Senator Benton said the cam
paign of ideas that he and the
other Senators are urging is, in
his opinion, “the only way in
which we can boot Soviet propa
ganda where it deserves to be
“We've got to do it now.” he
added. “There is no time tomor
row. Already it is too late."
He pointed out that this country
has given South Korea nearly a
half-billion dollars for relief and
economic rehabilitation since 1945
—$356 million during the period
of occupation through ECA in the
last year.
Points of Program.
The resolution calls for a pro
gram of education and informa
tion that would include:
1. Constant efforts through the
United Nations and all available
diplomatic channels for freedom
of the press, radio and other
sources of communication “to sow
truth in the world.”
2. Backing of the United Na
tions Educational. Scientific and
Cultural Organization “with solid
American dollars” to promote its
3. Encouragement of a vast
two-way flow of students for all
the countries of the world to
America and from America to
those countries.
4. A five-fold expansion of the
Voice of America program.
5. Use of documentary motion
pictures and other means of get
ting across to the peoples of the
world this country's story of free
dom and desire for peace._„

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