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Soviet Has Achieved
Major Victory With Deceit of Allies Critical Days Just Ahead If World War III Is to Be Averted By David Lawrence These are the most critical days of what some day may be called the “pre-war period” If there Is to be a World War m. These are likewise the most critical days if World War in is to be avoided altogether. For in the ten days that have passed and in the weeks im mediately ahead, Moscow will have learned whether she is dealing with a loosely federated alliance of nations incapable of taking col lective action except in a falter ing, cumbersome way or whether she is facing a resolute foe ca pable of utilizing instantly hi! power to enforce peace. Already the Soviet regime has achieved a major victory. It has deceived the allied powers as tc the nature and scope of the strug gle it plainly intends to wage tc capture Europe. It has observed some of the military strategists and policy-makers of the United States obsessed with the idea that Russia will pursue conventional methods to gain her ends. It has caught the United States in a state of virtual disarmament in the Far East, its Navy largely in mothballs, its tactical Air Force down to a pitifully small number of units and the bulk of its money invested in large-sized bombers which are not able to do low level bombing in support of ground troops against tanks. Most of all, the Soviets have before them the spectacle of dispersed troop strength and a plan for mobiliza tion three to five years hence by the allies. Illusion of Atomic Bomb. The illusion that the atom bomb, presumably produced in large numbers, protects America in the interim has not yet been dispelled. The American people for the most part still believe it —and even in Congress they still think that air power alone will assure America’s safety and that there is no cause for real worry. Another illusion widely preva lent is that Russia will not fight because she is not ready and that five years from now she may fight because she will be ready. The truth is Russia is far better prepared to grab off Europe this year than the allies are to pre vent her. Prom a military stand point the time for Russia is now —but not with a conventional march across that continent which would permit atomic warfare. The Russian strategy is to stir up small wars and force American commitments in a half-dozen places if possible. In the face of such a growing danger, military men here are saying that the United States and its allies must not wait until such a program is well under way, but must get on a War footing as quickly as possible, strengthen European forces and demand /de mobilization of the Red army as a prerequisite to a‘ demobilization of allied armies. irresoiuteness or Ames. The irresoiuteness of the allies is indicated by their latest atti tude toward Russian deception— their refusal thus far to accuse Russia openly of fomenting the Korean aggression and of aiding it with her fighter planes and tanks. If the Western allies are to take no further steps except to send notes of protest and are not to forestall further aggres sion upon smaller countries, then Moscow will have a free hand gradually to carry out her pro gram of infiltration within West ern Europe and to start a series of local wars. Even in the first pronounce ments concerning Korea, the United States stated that when the North Koreans had been pushed back beyond the 38th par allel, our objectives would be at tained. So there would be no punishment for the aggressor— no action to discourage any other aggressors in the world? The opposite of such a policy is an nouncement now of an intention to occupy North Korea and de termination to hold it or any other country which engages in aggres sion until the aggressors are fully disarmed and prevented from par ticipating in any other military action. If such a resolution were pro claimed now, it would mean a warning that the territorial in tegrity of every member nation of the U. N. would be protected and that infiltration by Commu nist fifth columns is as much a justification for military action against an aggressor as the mass ing of the troops of a would-be aggressor on the boundary of any member country. These are the kinds of policies which many military men here feel are essential if America is not to drift into a war anyway and be caught with widely scat tered forces and a fateful interval of three to six months to be con sumed in a mobilization that should precede rather than follow the climax whether war breaks out or Is to be prevented. Already the lesson of Korea in 1950 can be stated in the historic words heard In the crisis of 1940—“Too Little, Too Late." Stalin, like Hitler, knows the weaknesses of slow-moving democracies. (Reproduction Rights Reserved) | ! This Changing World Red Army Has ‘Capability’ to Strike On Hungarian and Bulgarian Borders By Constantine Brown Europe is more tense today than It was on the eve of World War II. The Western governments are in continuous conversations with each other and with Washing ton. There are ominous rum blings from behind the Iron Curtain, but most officials across the At lantic still hope, that somehow or other World War m will be averted. For the last two weeks large quantities of c*rt“u“ Brown, war materiel have been rushed to the Hungarian and Bulgarian borders of Yugoslavia. No actual Russian troops have been re ported there. But an important increase in the puppet armed forces is occurring in that area. The intelligence services point out that the Red army has the “capa bility” to strike. Russian divisions are in Austria and Hungary and the Red air force is within strik ing distance. Yugoslavs Appear Calm. The Yugoslavs appear calm, on the surface at least. The seasonal leaves granted men in the armed forces to help with the harvests have been cancelled and those who have already gone to the villages have been ordered back. George Allen, American ambas sador to Yugoslavia, reports that Marshal Tito and his military men appear calm and confident. There has been no request on their part so far for military as sistance. But American arms stockpiles in various areas close to Yugoslavia are being increased and ships and planes are kept in readiness to rush help wherever needed . What worries American military observers is the fact that Tito does not take advice from anybody. They fear that when he becomes convinced that an attack is in evitable he may Jump the gun himself, on the sound military idea that offensive is the best de fense. In order to upset the plans of his potential foes he may attack in an effort to disrupt their con centrations. He is not expected, however, to take such an adven turous step until he is fully con vinced that a Cominform aggres sion is inevitable and imminent. The importance of the war games in Eastern Germany is minimized by the Allied intelli gence services. It appears that these games do not involve more Russian troops than last year and are taking place in an area some distance from Berlin itself. Nev ertheless, some new troop move ments are reported in Eastern Germany and in Czechoslovakia, not far from the Bavarian borders. Atomic Bomb Only Fear. Intelligence authorities are warning that the Russian forces in Europe are capable of staging an offensive without the need of adding immediately to their effec tives. Only the possibility that we may use the atomic bomb, in view of the weakness of our ground forces in Europe, may deter them. Moscow is believed to doubt that we would play our top trump card in the event of a campaign against Yugoslavia or against Iran or Iraq, where internal conditions are an invitation to the Kremlin. Economic and political troubles now are worse than ever in both those oil-rich countries. Commu nist propaganda has made much headway in the last 18 months. Subversives and saboteurs are to be found all over both countries. They are heartened by the fact that across the border in Soviet Azerbaijan and in the Caucasus there are strong Red military forces ready to back the enemies of the present regime by force, if necessary. There are no American or other Western forces anywhere near their borders. We are pledged to defend Iran, but the means to enforce this pledge are moral rather than material. It was pos sible to order American forces from Japan to Korea’s aid, but where could we get ready forces to support the weak Iranian army? The members of the Western bloc are not in a position to send even a corporal’s guard outside their boundaries. France is the only military power on the conti nent. But France is engaged in an active war in Indo-China where 150,000 of her best troops are asking for American support in order to continue the light against the Communists led by Ho Chi Minh. This temporary military weak ness of the West is worrying the governments and the peoples in Western Europe. They see the war clouds growing every day and fear that war may catch up with them before they have had time to prepare themselves for an emergency. Not Our War Alone Federal Union of Nations Fighting In Korea—First Time in History By Thomas L. Stokes Ten of our States were repre sented In the eleven names on the first casualty list of the Korean War issued by the Army. It com prised four offi cers, five non ;ommiss 1 o n e d officers and two privates. Two were from Pennsyl vania. The oth ers came from Arkansas, Flor ida, California, Massachuset t s, Indiana, Mary land, Illinois, Minnesota and Michigan, a wide cross-sec- Thom'* L- ®tok** tion. So it has been always in wars in which our own Federal Union of States has been engaged. Not Our War Alone. But this is not our war alone. For the first time in history a federal union of nations—the United Nations—is organizing a combined army in which the United Nations flag will be carried, along with the national flags from participating units, just as our State units once carried their flags with the United States flag. There have been combined mili tary operations of nations before on a grand scale as allies were drawn together when a war de veloped, each to protect, first and foremost, its own national inter est, such as in the First and Sec ond World Wars. That is nothing new. But never before has such a military force been drawn togeth er at the direction of a world-wide organization of nations for the purpose of preserving the peace and maintaining law and order in the world. This is a simple and obvious fact, but it is at the same time a sensational fact which can mean the beginning of a new era in the world. A single act of out lawry has brought about what diplomats had been unable to do for the United Nations in five years of its existence. It is un fortunate that it had to happen that way; but now that it has happened it has created a struc ture that can be utilized and built upon so that it can become possible for effective international union to come out of the ordeal of conflict—not for the first time, but for the first time on such a scale. 39 Nations Pledged. Thus far 39 nations have pledged their support to the United Nations and offered their assistance in coping with a situ ation which, in the case of many of those nations, is thousands of miles away and nothing, ordi narily, in which they would be come immediately involved vol untarily. The U. N.. once determined on action under its cnarter, neces sarily has had to feel its way as it went along, though it has done this with surprising speed and vigor and, as it proceeds from problem to problem, it has discovered that the charter is a broad instrument that is capable thus far of meeting recurring problems. Only the will was needed. Those who gathered at San Francisco in 1945 builded better than they realized. The U. N. first had to create an international police force such as the charter provides, but which had not been done through pro tracted and futile negotiations. While our forces moved in first, since we were prepared to as sume the leadership, others are being added to make this a truly international police force. Now there is the problem of a director for military operations. For this the Military Staff Com mittee was provided by the U. N. charter, but clearly it would be hamstrung by Russian representa tion. However, the Charter is broad enough to permit the na tions engaged in this enterprise —a majority of those associated with the U. N.—to set up another directorate, and the U. N. assumed this task. In this practical experience to meet the Korean crisis, the first of such magnitude encountered by the U. N., the world organiza tion is learning and will continue to learn much of value, so that ul timately the charter can be re vised. It is an experience similar to that through which our Nation has gone in amending and in terpretlng our Constitution. FORMICA SINK TOPS Replace your old work tops with new, colorful Formica, Stainless Steel or Hard wood tops I Careful, Unhurried Eye Examinations Most Modern Technical Equipment Frames and Mountings to Flatter Every Face ms gXAMINID PPgSOUPTIONS FILLtD cusses PITTiD Lenses | tHJPUCATSD I LOUIE I I'——." 1 —By Harry Hanan Wheat Wine May Be Added To Schuman Control Plan By th« Associated Press PARIS, July 5.—West European leaders studied a proposal today to add wheat and wine to the coal and steel which the Schuman Plan proposes to put under interna tional control. As experts on five committees began working out details for the coal-steel pool, heads of non governmental farm organizations in Prance and Germany recom-1 mended that the plan also em brace their produce. They sug gested wheat and wine as starters. The farm leaders proposed that France, an exporter, and West Germany, an importer, first put their wheat problems under the authority slated to control the steel-coal arrangement. Other countries would be asked to join later. Signs of labor unrest are seen in Bolivia, La Paz reports. McLemore— Sucker Is a Sucker In Any Country By Henry McLemore ALEXANDRIA, Egypt.—As I wrote once before after visiting a race track in Budapest, a sucker looks like a sucker In any coun try. In Hun gary years ago a tout took charge of me the instant I entered the grounds. Today, at the A 1 exandrla Racing Club, I wasn’t halfway through the turnstiles b e - fore the Egyp tian boys had me by the la pels and ex pressed a wholehearted desire to share their misinformation with me. With a discernment of which I am not at all proud I settled on a venerable looking old gentle man who assured me that three of his sons were Jockeys who pro vided him with inside dope on every race. Easy to Place Bet. When the field came out for the first race—for maiden Arabs, weight for age—my new-found friend said there was only one horse in the race, the rest didn’t matter. He told me to put all I could afford, and a little more, on Muselli, owned by Abdel Aziz, and trained by S. Solomonides. There is no trouble in placing a bet at an Egyptian track. Honestly, there is a window for nearly every customer. There is no such thing as waiting in line. The track craves your money and does everything possible to see to it that you can lose it quickly and comfortably. And the track has not over looked any possible means of betting. There is not one daily double, but daily doubles on the third and fourth races, the fourth and fifth, the fifth and sixth, the second and third, the third and fifth and the fourth and sixth. There is straight pari-mutuel betting and what is known here as the twin tote. The twin tote is nothing more than the quinella featured by our dog tracks at home. In the twin tote you bet on your ability to pick the first two finishers in a race. My tout had me betting in every conceivable fashion, and during the afternoon we managed to get one winner, who paid the hand some price of ten cents to the dollar. I discovered later that the one winner he picked was the Egyptian counterpart of Citation, and he didn’t need the assistance of his three sterling jockey sons to make the selection. The horse won by fifteen lengths if he won by an inch. Odds Never Posted. The odds are never posted be fore a race. If you want to know the price your horse will pay, you have to buy the odds from one of the dozen or so men whose sole job is to sell odds. As the odds are constantly changing you have to buy six or seven sets of odds before you make your bet. I have seen few if any more beautiful tracks than the Alex andria Racing Club. It is small compared to American tracks, but the shade trees and flowers make it twice as pretty as, say, Bel mont Park. The paddock is far and away the prettiest paddock I ever saw anywhere. It is a riot of color with bougainvillea, royal poinciana trees, roses, pansies, and a dozen flowers I have never seen before. It’s worth losing your money just to see the superb Arabian horses against such a background. No, I take that back. I would rather have a winner running in a brick factory than a loser going seven furlongs in the Garden of Eden. At the end of the day my tout with the fez on said I could give him whatever I wanted to for his services. I trust a dirty look is negotiable in Egypt, for that is just what he got. (Distributed by McNaught Syndicate, Inc.) _ y Sanding ° Cleaning Polishing tS Yean Settable Service noon Repaired. Suppliee Sold 1015 20th Place N.W. 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