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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 06, 1950, Image 19

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Against Russian Lies
Revealed as Inept
'Voice of America' Fails
To Reach World Masses
Due to Boring Programs
By David Lawrence
It is a sad commentary on the
irresolution and ineptitude of the
Government of the United States
In the field of counter-propaganda
against Soviet untruths and slan
der that now—five years after
the close of World War n—the
Senate Foreign Relations Com
mittee is just beginning to con
sider “a preatly expanded pro
gram of information and educa
tion among all the peoples of the
Inside and outside of Washing
ton the impression prevails today
that the “Voice of America” has
been doing just such a job. Now
Senator Benton, Democrat, of
Connecticut, and a dozen other
Senators of both parties have in
troduced a resolution designed to
put into effect a “Marshall Plan
of ideas.” Testimony as to the
need had been given by Gen. Mar
shall, Gen. Eisenhower and other
eminent men.
But why hasn’t this simple
thing been done before? What
has the “Voice of America” been
doing or failing to do? What
“ideas” can be broadcast by a
Government that doesn’t know its
own mind from one month to
another—and follows one policy
of indifference to a Communist
build-up in the Far East and
another toward communism in
Europe? >
Larger Sums Not Enough. -
Merely to appropriate larger
Bums than heretofore will not
avail anything. The problem goes
deeper. This correspondent has
just finished an examination of
the complete English’script of a
week’s broadcasts on the “Voice
of America” from which transla
tions are made. The material is
truthful, comprehensive and edu
cational, but it is more suited to
university classes in political
science or to the members of such
an organization as the Foreign
Policy Association—assuming that
they have such a group in Russia
—than it is to the knowledge .01
background of the average man
in Russia.
Nobody in American magazine
or radio management would use
the same editorial technique or
channels of approach to reach the
masses as would be utilized to
. reach the folks who are already
Informed on the fundamentals of
diplomacy and its intrigues.
The "Voice of America” pro
grams are well-written judged by
official standards but it may be
doubted whether many American
newspapers would ever print the
bulk of its material if the situa
tion were reversed. Interest in
high-level world politics and eco
nomic matters and statistics may
be very intense at the State De
partment and at the foreign em
bassies and legations but it isn’t
the kind of material which at
tracts the average man.
The “Voice of America” reads
like a press-association report of
30 years ago—stodgy, wordy and
without terseness or snap. The
language is too dignified and the
vocabularly is that of officialdom
with a little journalistic flavor
here and there. Out of it some
Russian newspapers—if they were
free from censorship—might se
lect a few items, but the average
listener could hardly be blamed
if he turned off the programs be
cause of sheer boredom.
This doesn’t mean that the
“Voice of America” doesn’t serve
a useful purpose for a limited num
ber of influential listeners, but it
is far from doing the mass job
which most observers here have
thought all along was being
done. If it is lack of money that
has held it back, then the funds
ought to be forthcoming. End an
appropriation of $100,000,000
would not be too much.
Job for Separate institution.
It may be doubted, incidentally,
whether the State Department can
do the assignment. The game of
propraganda and counter-propa
ganda is not one for individuals
who have to worry about how many
times they quote from. this or
that publication or how often they
mention thtf name of this or that
Individual. It is really a job for
private agencies or for £ separate
governmental institution which is
not responsible to any cabinet offi
cer but to a joint committee of
both houses and to the President.
Any one who wanted to win votes
in a campaign would hardly use
the technique of the ‘‘Voice of
America.” President Truman
wouldn’t. A news service is much
too prosaic and colorless to excite
attention. There has to be plain
speaking and satire and drama
and all the things that editors of
good radio programs or the fea
ture sections of newspapers or
magazines know best how to do.
It is a job for professionals in the
field of opinion making—not just
reporters of news.
But even with all these facilities,
there can be nothing effective ac
complished if the State Department
stumbles and the President hesi
tates and the makers of American
policy are timid about calling a
spade a spade. Example: A few
days ago the North Koreans, aided
and abetted by the Russians, in
vaded South Korea. Everybody
knows that the Kremlin was be
hind it. But the American Govern
ment hasn’t said so yet. Mean
while, the Communists have taken
the initiative by broadcasting
throughout the world, and par
ticularly to the Asiatic and Euro
peon peoples, an accusation that
America was the aggressor.
Ideas are plentiful, but a plan
for competent individuals to apply
those ideas and get their ideas
across international boundaries in
a well-conceived a gram of mass
education is som,. ;ng else again.
(Reproduction Rights Reserved.)
This Changing World
Arms Production Must Be Stepped Up
At Expense of Consumer Goods
By Constantine Brown
Unless production of armament
is stepped up considerably at once
—at the expense of consumer
goods, if necessary—we may find
ourselves in a
difficult posi
It is already
clear that the
campaign in
Korea is no
picnic. It will
take far more
forces than we
have now in the
Far East and
will require a
lavish expendi
ture of military
Output Of Cwnitanttae Brawn.
guns, tanks and planes meets our
peacetime needs. But it is not
sufficient to satisfy the recently
increased demand from odr Euro
pean allies.
Gen. MacArthur has sufficient
ammunition and some replace
ments for the guns, tanks and
planes which are being knocked
out in' Korea. As the fighting be
comes more violent and more
American troops are sent to meet
the situation, a larger quantity of
equipment will be needed.
Ban on Jap Production.
Japanese factories are forbidden
to produce war materials. As soon
as supplies in Japan begin to
dwindle everythipg will have to
be sent from the West Coast over
7,000 miles of ocean.
The administration cannot deny
any requests from Tokyo, lest our
troops suffer ignominious defeat.
There can be no repetition of the
Philippine tragedy in 1942.
At the same time, nobody at
the Pentagon suggests, even by
implication, that we slow down
shipments to Western Europe. On
the contrary.
The French already are com
plaining that the Western bloc
has not received much of the
equipment which is due those na
tions out of last year’s appropri
ation. And. of course, nothing
has been sent across the Atlantic
from the latest appropriation of
$1.2 billion under the Military Aid
Program. The French fear that
it may be a case of “too little and
too late’’ again.
Through their many spies in
Europe the Russians know exactly
what is being sent over from the
United States; and our well-inten
tioned propaganda, to the effect
that masses of American equip
ment now are reaching continen
tal European ports, may impress
the uninitiated but not the Soviet
general staff.
Question of Priority.
There is no intention on the
part of the administration to de
lay in the slightest shipments of
arms which we promised our allies.
But faced with actual war in
Korea, the spread of which no one
can gauge, we deal with a ques
tion of priority allocation from
the trickle of war equipment
which comes off American as
sembly lines.
Since last week the Pacific
theater has been given top prior
ity. Meanwhile, the threatening
situation in Indo-China requires
that we rush more equipment to
that French domain. Philippine
forces soon may be faced with a
real military problem in the Huk
rebels. President Truman an
nounced June 27 that military
assistance will be sent to tile
These global commitments must
come from available stockpiles in
this country and in the Pacific,
which were considered satisfactory
while we were faced only with a
cold war, but they are no longer
sufficient when our men are en
gaged in a shooting war in Korea
and our allies in Asia and Europe
are confronted with the threat
of Soviet armed aggression.
On the Other Hand
C6uld Be That Senator Russell
Is Just Kidding Republican Friends
By Lowell Mellett
Republicans who Ire Republi
cans just because their daddies
were and who would like to see
the Grand Old Party once more
must be con
fused by the
advice they
are getting
these days.
First they
get a mani
festo from e
group of liber
als within the
party, organ
ized under the
label of Repub
lican Advance,
declaring the
path to power Low*n **•*•«**■
will be found in a progressive
program and the abandonment of
negative opposition to the present
administration. The progressive
program, among other things,
would call for enactment of civil
rights legislation. Authors of this
new declaration of principles are
said to include such effective
party leaders as Governor Duff
of Pennsylvania, a new star in the
political firmament, and Senator
Ives of New York, whom nobody
While endeavoring to digest this
advice, the party faithful are
handed a completely different
menu by a dissatisfied Democrat.
Senator Dick Russell of Georgia,
one of the ablest of Southern
Senators, tells them how to obtain
a toehold in the South, long re
garded as forbidden territory.
Civil Rights in Mind.
In a radio interview, the Sena
tor said:
“If the Republican Party were
to go back to the philosophy of
defending the rights of the
States and protecting business,
and nominate men on a national
ticket in whom the South had
confidence, I think the people of
this Nation would be utterly
amazed by the strength that
would be developed for the Re
publican ticket in the South.”
It is just possible that the Sena
tor had his tongue in his cheek
when he said this. He is aware
that the Republican Party is a
perfectly good States’ Rights Party,
so far as the protection of busi
ness is concerned. In that re
spect, some of the party leaders
are disposed to go even further
than Senator Russell himself.
What the Senator really has in
mind, of course, is civil rights. He
would have the GOP abandon
Abraham Lincoln as its patron
saint and take up somebody like
Jefferson Davis. Which he knows
right well the GOP won’t do.
But the Senator has raised an
interesting question: In whom,
among the Republicans, would the
South have confidence? If the
issue is -solely civil rights, their
man would be Wherry of Ne
braska, Senate minority leader.
It was he who devised the new
and almost perfect method of
strangling civil rights legislation
with which the Senate is now
cursed or, from Senator Russell’s
point of view, blessed. If Wherry’s
name would not set the South on
fire, there are Hickenlooper, Mc
Carthy, Taft, Bricker and others
of the same group to consider.
May Be Up to Something.
The shrewd Georgian may be
up to something. He may be seek
ing to warn his Republican friends
in the Senate against listening to
men of the Duff and Ives stripe
and to remind them of the excel
lent working arrangement they
now have with the Southern bloc.
Either that or he is just kidding.
The latter hypothesis is supported
by another thing he said: ‘
"I think we have suffered and
been neglected and lost our pro
portionate strength in the Gov
ernment because of our devotion
to the one-party system.”
The proportionate strength of
the South in the Senate is the
chairmanship of 8 of the 15
committees that manage the Sen
ate’s business. In the House it is
11 out of the 19 chairmanships.
And, partly due to this situation,
in the matter of Federal ap
propriations it is hard to see
where the South has suffered and
been neglected.
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Difficult Days Ahead
Truman and Senator Bridges Discuss
Bi-partisan Foreign Policy Problem
By Doris Fleeson
A hard question for which Presi
dent Truman has not yet found
the answer is: What and how
many Republicans must he deal
with in order
to get bipar
tisan foreign
policy on a firm
basis for the
difficult days
The President
says wistfully
that he wants
to co-operate.
His problem is
to find Repub
1 beans with
whom to co-op
erate short of
taking the en- *>•*• "«“*•
tire minority into his personal
Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg
is unhappily still not strong and
he has no obvious successor. Other
minority members of Senate For
eign Relations do not have his ex
perience and qualities of leader
ship which would enable them to
dominate their side of the aisle.
Yet the President and Senate, too,
must respect their prerogatives or
suffer for it.
Complicating Factor.
The presidential ambitions of
three key Senators—Taft, Lodge
and Wherry—are a complicating
factor. Their colleagues, perhaps
unjustly, will not follow personal
ly ambitious men in such delicate
enterprises. Then there is the
basic, deep division on foreign
policy within the party.
Seeking answers to the prob
lem, the President recently sum
moned Senator Bridges of New
Hampshire to the White House.
Senator Bridges is a conservative
and somewhat given to sniping at
the administration on all fronts
behind the closed doors of the Ap
propriations Committee, on which
he is ranking Republican. But
when the chips are down he has
voted internationalist, even dur
ing the hard thirties.
The Senator and former Sena
tor did not need to discuss per
sonalities; both know the scoye.
They did talk frankly about the
Senator Bridges told Mr. Tru
man he would have to widen the
scope of his bipartisan confer
ence to get good results. Give the
Foreign Relations Committee all
its due. he urged, but in addition
bring into all vital conferences
the following: •
Minority Leader Wherry; Sena
tor Taft, chairman of the Republi
can Policy Committee; Senator
Millikin, chairman of the Repub
lican conference; the ranking Re
publican on Appropriations and
Armed Services, in both cases,
Encompasses Old Guard.
This selection encompasses the
Old Guard who run GOP Senate
affairs. It notably omits the pro
gressive bloc, including interna
tionalists like tiie ever-reliable
Morse of Oregon and the articu
late and well-informed Knowland
of California, a foremost expo
nent of Asiatic Intervention.
With the Foreign Relations
minority added to it, it would givf
Mr. Truman a GOP council
which could reasonably be ex
pected to line up about as follows:
Senators Vandenberg (if present),
Smith of New Jersey, Bridges and
Lodge, internationalists; Senators
Wherry, Taft, Hickenlooper and
Wiley, inclined toward isolation,
and as they prefer to call it, na
tionalism; and Senator Millikin,
swing man.
President Truman said "thank
you” to Senator Bridges; appar
ently, “no, thank you,” to himself.
John Foster Dulles. Gov. Dewey’s
advisor and now State Department
consultant, has been doing what
he can to bridge the gap. Mr.
Dulles has reported faithfully to
congressional Republicans and
carried the message of their de
sire for a personal report from
Mr Truman. But he has no party
status; Gov. Dewey’s defeat and
impending retirement have re
duced his prestige.
The President got good and bad
results from the Bridges visit.
Senator Bridges has firmly refused
to join the determined Wherry
T^ft-Jenner, etc., band calling for
the resignation of Secretary of
State Acheson. But Foreign Rela
tions Repub'if jns took a dim view
of the attr ition paid him, and
their rufflf'ji feathers had to be
smoothed down.
On the Record
Soviet Strategy in North Korea Permits
' Russia to Retire Without Loss of Face
By Dorothy Thompson \
Something extremely revoution
,ary is emerging from the logic of
historical events. That is the
passing of national armies.
A m e r i
cans are not
protecting the
Korean repub
lic as an Amer
ican national
force, nor is the
North Korean
army fighting
as a Korean
national force.
The North
Korean army
is acting as one
unit of an
Communist o«otkr
force directed by the U. S. fc. R.
It is as much so as the units of
the Soviet Red army or the Polish,
Czech, Hungarian, Bulgarian, Ru
manian, Albanian, and Chinese
Red armies, the latter in which
many ‘ North Korean soldiers
trained and fought.
We must see. this clearly, in
order not to fall for the Russian
claim that only Koreans are fight
ing in North Korea—as only Chi
nese fought in China—and that
Russik is not engaged.
Part of Aggressive Strategy.
The composition of the man
power of the Soviet forces Is
basically irrelevant. The North
Korean forces did not open a
civil war on their own initiative,
but as part of a Russian-led in
ternational Communist aggressive
strategy. If the Russian leader
ship intends a third World War,
North Korean forces will be
joined by Far Eastern Soviet and
Chinese armies. If not, North Ko
rean troops will have made a test
of international resistance, and if
defeated will be considered ex
pendable. This is one bright spot.
The Soviet strategy permits Rus
sia to retreat without loss of face.
And the resistance offered these
units of an international force
is not “American.” It also is in
ternational. The use of Oen. Mac
Arthur’s forces is sanctioned by,
and is in behalf of, the United
Nations without even a Soviet
veto, since the Soviets have, for
the time being, withdrawn from
the U. N.
Again, the composition of re
sistance manpower is not rele
vant. It is only the Soviet aim to
make it appear so. A collective
resistance, using the most efficient
available forces to uphold the
United Nations Charter, is oppos
ing a collective aggression, using
its most ertcient and available
forces—with a due eye to caution,
we hope.
There is a civil war in Korea,
but only as part of an interna
tional civil war started in 1944 by
the U. 8. 8. R.
Strategy Planned.
The Soviets have had the ad
vantage of previously planned
strategy. Before World War n
was over, they had selected their
next enemies. The tactic of
making World War m appear to
be a series of isolated and spon
taneous civil uprisings was then
planned and Implemented. While
the Western Allies were disarming
themselves and their late enemies,
the 8oviets were rearming and re
organizing every military factor
within their orbit, including recent
enemies, into a single force to
strike as separated or combined
units according to risk and cir
These aggressive units cannot
be effectively quelled without the
employment of the effective forces
of the resistance, which have no
Asiatic armies at their disposal,
the Chinese Nationalists having
been abandoned and Japan to
tally disarmed.
The effective forces of the re
sistance are American and Eu
ropean. These, too, in response to
challenge, are organizing a com
bined defense, emerging as a
United Nations international po
lice against aggressors.
It is urgently important to
make this clear to the world and
(Released by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I Engineering and
Drafting Supplies
Transits 'Tracing Paper
Laval, Measuring Tapes
Squares Slide Rules
Drawing Instruments
Visit* Monastery
500 Years Old
By Henry McLemore
CAIRO, Egypt.—Twenty min
utes from the heart of Cairo, hewn
into the Mokattam Hills on which
still stands the fortress built by
when he
is what
be the
monastery in
the world.
It is the
home of the 20
leaders of the
Moslem Whirl'
ing Derviph re
ligious sect,
headed by Sirry
Not many vis- MeL*»«r».
itors are privileged to visit the
monastery, but thanks to the
help of Salah Eddine Fadel Bey,
Director of Press of the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs, we spent a
pleasant two hours being shown
about this unique establishment
by Baba (Father). He is a vener
able old gentleman in his middle
seventies and he greeted us as
if we had been Whirling Dervishes
Nearly 500 Tear* Old.
This mountain monastery is
nearly 500 years old, having been
founded by Sheikh El Maghawri,
who came from his native Albania
in 1465. Sirry Baba lives in the
same room as did the founder
centuries ago. It is cut from solid
rock, and when Sirry Baba served
us coflee we sat on stone benches
covered with beautiful oriental
rugs and mounds of pillows.
The 20 high men of the church
have not been content to live
solely in the mountainside. Around
the monastery are wide green
terraces, fruit trees, vegetable and
flower gardehs, flowing streams
and reflecting pools, all of which
is in sharp contrast with the
desert that surrounds it.
There is a small but lovely
mosque in the confines of the
cavemlike monastery, a restful,
beautiful place of wdrship.
For centuries all the men who
have lived there have been buried
in the mountainside. The 20 who
live there now already have carved
out their own tombs, and It is
part of their daily labor to beau
tify their tombs with relief work.
The King of Albania’s sister is
buried there and the King, a de
vout Whirling Dervish, has his
tomb all prepared.
"3,000 in United States."
I asked Sirry Baba how many
Whirling Dervishes there were in
the world and he said that as
close as he could figure there
were more than 7,000,000. Most
of them are in Turkey, Albania,
Egypt and the Balkan countries.
I asked if there were anv of his
New York Hotel
For the convenience of its Wash*
ington patrons, the popular
Hotel New Yorker maintains
special reservation service lo
cally. Merely 'phone Executive
2111 and be certain of accom
modations on your arrival.
““New Yorker
Frank L. Andrews, Prttidtm
Private Tunnel Ram Penn. Italian
; *300 Lady’s diamond sol. % ;
et. — . - *10* 5
s *78 Lady’s diamond sol.
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5 480 Lady's diamond sol. i
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1% at.- SO* j
! 1,000 Lady’s plat, dlomond
sol. fins eolor iy« et. Ut ;
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S 8.000 Lady's food eolor dia- 5
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All Prices Include Mtgs.
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; Above prleea 4e net laelmds tax. ;
J These extremely lew prleea are 5
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j estates, banks, bankraptey and !
s sacrifice sales. Tea don’t pay faaey >
j prices fer overhead here.
1421 H ST. N.W.
| ME. 3440 ME. 2905 !
Takes “Starch” Out of
Whiskers in 3 Seconds
Now. a new scientific discovery revolu
tionizes shavlns. Called Dlexin (a patented
Ingredient found only In Krank’s Shave
Kreem >—it makes beard soak up water
like a blotter. Softens wiriest whiskers In
3 seconds flat. Like 10 minutes steamlns
with hot towel. Tou shave up to & faster!
You tet A cleaner, closer shave with
Dlexin. Face feels cooler, smoother. Blades
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Get Krank’s Shave Kreem (brush-lather
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Containing DIEXIN
?■ ■ ■ .ft i
sect in the United States and he
said yes, about 3,000.
Sirry Baba’s living room, where
we were served coffee, is'Jam
packed with relics of the past.
Ancient arms hang by the hun
dreds on. the walls, and there are
beautifully illuminated passages
from the Koran. Mixed with these
things, many of them priceless,
is also as fine a collection of junk
bric-a-brac as any one ever saw.
Light is provided by a massive
brass chandelier, whose sixty-five
shades of beautifully blown glass
cast a restful light on the white
washed walls.
A visitor literally feels that he
has stepped out of this world,
but modern conveniences bring
him back to the 20th century.
While we were there a telephone
We asked Sirry Baba if he would
pose for a picture with us and he
readily agreed. But he didn’t
pose before taking off his odd
shaped white felt hat, stroking
his white beard into place, and
apologizing for not having on his
robes of state.
The Egyptian government is
very kind to the order, and for
nearly 500 years the monastery
has known nothing but peace and
(Distributed by McNaught Syndicate. Ine.)
«j Closed Saturdays it
during July and August it
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J Tonight ’til <8:30 it
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