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Rather cloudy, less humid today. Fair, cool tonight, low near 62. Tomorrow sunny, pleasant, high near 80. (Full re port on Page A-2.) Midnight 70 6 a.m.— 66 11 a.m... 70 2 a!m.— 71 8 a.m.„ 66 Noon...72 4 a.m... 68 10 a.m.—68 , 1p.m.—72 Late New York Markets, Page A-21. Guide for Readers rue i Amusements - B-16 Classified ...B-6-12 Comics_B-14-15 Crossword_B-14 Editorial_A-12 Edit’l Articles. A-13 Finance _A-21 Lost and Found A-3 Obituary_A-14 Radio.B-13 Sports_A-16-19 Woman’s Sec. B-3-6 I———.,—I 1 ....I An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 202. Phone ST. 5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, JULY 21, 1950—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday, $1.20 a Month; when 5 /"VTrvrmCJ Sunday*, $1.30. Night Final Edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month. V'-dX’l X O \, Red Drive Slows as Yanks Dig In; Senate and House Groups Vote To End Curbs on Size of Services Americans Hold Hill Positions South of Taejon By the Associated Pres* TOKYO, Saturday, July 22.— The battered American 24th Di sion was reported holding high ground southeast of burning Tae jon today, blocking the North Ko rean Red Army’s advance. Field dispatches said the Reds had failed aggressively to follow U. S. Laying Basis tor World War III, Soriet Press Says. Page A-4 Britain Turns Down Soriet Plan tor Korea, Backs U. N. Page A S up their conquest of Taejon yes terday as the Americans dug into their new positions. Gen. MacArthur's Tokyo head quarters did not issue its usual midnight communique on the Ko rean fighting, saying, “There has been no change in the situation.” In the last headquarters com munique issued yesterday after noon, the 24th Division was de scribed as stalling the Communist t i U. S. Flyers Destroy Own Supply Train To Keep It From Reds By the Associated Press AN AMERICAN AIRBASE IN KOREA, July 21.—Ameri can Mustangs bombed and blew up a United States am munition train in the Taejon railway yards today—to pre vent it falling into Red hands. The yards are in the north sector. Capt. H. Moreland of Mo bile, Ala., leader of the mis sion, said "the train blew sky high. It was like the Fourth of July.’* He said Taejon looked very still and deserted. advance after the fall early yes terday of the devastated rail and highway junction city of Taejon Reds Lose 12 Tanks. Superior numbers of North Ko rean tanks, infantrymen and guer rillas won Taejon after two days of fierce and costly attack. That victory cost them at least 12 tanks—all knocked out by the GIs’ new 3.5-inch rocket launch ers—and others damaged. Apparently, Associated Press Correspondent William R. Moore reported late yesterday %from a command post in Korea, the Reds "are without tanks now” and are awaiting new armor before resum ing the offensive. The North Korean armored drive into Taejon probably won t sweep far beyond the city at present, an 8th Army headquar ters spokesman said. The Communists have -'shown little inclination to send their foot soldiers very far ahead of their tanks, he explained. Bridges, Tunnels Mined. South of Taejon retreating American forces have mined bridges—and presumably tunnels —on the main highway and rail routes. The spokesman said the Ameri can withdrawal from Taejon after bitter fighting wass ‘‘planned . . and not a precipitous flight.” Earlier, Gen. MacArthur in an nouncing the fall of Taejon had said “the 34th Infantry Regiment withdrew ... to previously se lected defense positions a few miles south of the city.” The 8th Army spokesman said the Communists had built up their forces three and one half days prior to the main as sault on Taejon. They paved the way for the main fight with a mortar barrage and infantry action Wednesday. Red infantrymen were sighted moving over hills on the Ameri can left flank as the Americans consolidated their defense posi tions after the withdrawal. The Reds appeared to nave (See KOREA, Page A-4.) U. S. Must Find 7 Million Able to Fight, Hershey Says By the Associated Press CINCINNATI, July 21.—The di rector of Selective Service says the United States has got to find “7 million men of critical skill and the capacity to fight.” Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey warned against urging draft boards to defer men because of their skills, claiming “if we don’t find them (the 7 million men), you won’t have any industry anway.” Gen. Hershey spoke at a lunch eon here yesterday. He explained there are 10.6 mil lion men betwen 18 and 27 and that, of these, 7.6 million are clas sified, w'ith 1.2 million classified 1-A. He added that 1.2 million have not been classified because they are 18-year-olds, 2.7 million are reterans, 742,000 have dependents, 536,000 are 4-F, 133,000 are in farming and 133,000 are in the reserves. I B-29s Raids Halt Rail Traffic Through Communist-Held Seoul Reconnaissance Photos Show Heavy Damage To Reds' Repair and Assembly Shops By Russell Brines Associated Press Foreign Correspondent TOKYO, July 21.—B-29 bombers have brought rail traffic through Communist-captured Seoul almost to a standstill, the Far East Air Forces reported today. Detailed analysis of reconnais sance photographs shows heavy damage to repair and assembly shops and a sharply reduced Com munist ability “to replace their rapidly decreasing supply of roll ing stock.” An FEAF communique said this damage, resulting from 500 tons of bombs dropped in a mass raid Sunday, will “prevent rail move ments through Seoul to the south ern battle lines and to the north west coastal area for some time.” The communique said repair and assembly shops damaged in Seoul had been capable of manu facturing and repairing over 2,500 locomotives and railroad cars a year. A number of bombs fell across the whole stretch of the Ryuzan marshalling yards in the capital, severing all lines. Several build ings in the area were set on fire. The attack was made by bomb ers of the newly constituted Far Eastern Bomber Command. Their primary job is to cut communica tions between the front lines and North Korea and between North Korea and the Siberian railroads which are believed to be carrying Soviet war supplies to the in vaders. Air analysts said one remaining bridge across the Han River south of Seoul did not appear sufficient ly strong for rail traffic or North Korean tanks. Other spans have been either bombed or dynamited. The Air Force reported signs to day that the North Koreans are building up their air force. Briefing officers said several Russian-made Yak-9 fighters gave B-29 Super Fortresses “a pretty good scrap” over the east coast of Korea yesterday. Super Fortress pilots also re (See PLANES. Page A-4.) U. S. Colored Troops Rout Reds in Yechon In 16-Hour Battle Negro Doughboys Credited With Americans' First Sizable Ground Victory By Tom Lambert Associated Press War Correspondent WITH A U. S. INFANTRY TASK FORCE IN SOUTH KO REA, July 21.—United States Negro troops today drove North Korean Communists out of Ye chon and occupied the rail and highway city. It was the first siza ble American ground victory in the Korea war. The Negro doughboys captured Yechon after a 16-hour battle which began yesterday afternoon and ended shortly after dawn to day. Our casualties were light. The extent of enemy losses was unknown. necapiure ncporira e.aruer. Yechon is 60 miles northeast ol Taejon and 55 miles north ol Taegu. (Gen. MacAthur’s Friday af ternoon communique had said one regiment of the South Ko rean Capital Division counter attacked and retook Yechon from the Communists. It is not clear from this story whether the South Koreans again lost the city and it was retaken again by the American Negro soldiers.) Today at Yechon was a far dif ferent story from the past few dark days when gallant, but out numbered 24th Division soldier: battled the surging Reds farthei west as United Nations force: traded space for time. In the Yechon action, the power and strength of the United States assault made it look as if the period of trading time for space is over. The battle began yesterday afternoon when the American task force moved against the city which nestles in a cup of a moun tain ridge. Crouched on a hillside in a soy bean patch with Capt. Carlton S. Johnson of Chester, Pa., and M/Sergt. Kenneth E. Brown ol La Mesa, Tex., I watched the as sault. Flanking Move Begun. Under a barrage of artillery and mortar fire which splashed fire into villages on the slopes of the mountain behind Yechon, two companies began a hanking move —a tactic which the Reds pre viously have used successfully. To the West, small groups ol soldiers legged it across the rice fields. A machine gunner ran heavily up the slopes and into a grove of trees. There was silence for a moment, then the gun: opened up. Directly north, down a deserted road into Yechon, the colored sol diers stalked warily into cluster: of houses, firing as they went. To the east, a small knot oi soldiers clustered about a smai: mud hut, then broken into sud den life, and the men dived intc fields for cover as a machine gun rattled. . Huks Attack Near Manila MANILA, July 21 (/P).—Com munist-led Hukbalahap guerrillas last night attacked three army vehicles about 40 miles north of Manila and wounded seriously tfcree soldiers. The attackers were driven off by troops. Dean 'Will Gel Out,' Friends Say as Fear For General Mounts Officer Lost Seen With Bazooka Team In Taejon Fighting By the Associated Press AN AMERICAN COMMAND POST IN KOREA, July 21.—Fel low officers today held firm hope that Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, unreported nearly 24 hours in the thick of the Taejon fighting, "will get out." But fear for his safety grew by the hour. The front-line fighting commander of the United States 24th Infantry Division was last reported leading a bazooka team fighting off Red tanks. Gen. Dean's staff tried to re assure themselves with this de claration: "The general can take care of himself. He may have to walk, but he’ll get out!” ^ The last report of Gen. Dean came from a corporal. He said he saw the general passing am munition to a bazooka team and directing fire in Taejon. That was several hours before the city fell last midnight before the blaz ing tanks of the North Korean Communists. Corpl. Ralph Vargason of New ark Valley, N. Y.* said: “All of our regular bazooka teams were so busy Gen. Dean took a couple of men downtown and went after two tanks. I saw him passing ammuntion to the men and directing fire.” The Red tanks moved to Taejon (See DEAN, Pape A-4.) Beatification of Pius X Not Likely Before 1951 By the Associated Press VATICAN CITY, July 21.—The Vatican newspaper Osservatore Romano says the beatification of Pope Pius X probably cannot take place before earty 1951. Some Vatican sources earlier | said they hoped Pius’ beatification might be one of the closing events of the 1950 Holy Year. Osservatore pointed out that despite the “unanimous hopes of the Catholic faithful” that the pontiff, who died in 1914, be ele vated to the honors of the altar, many details remain to -be com pleted. American-Marked Tanks Used By Korean Reds in T ae jon Battle By Leir trickson Associated Press War Correspondent U. S. 8th ARMY HEADQUAR TERS IN KOREA, July 21.— Doughboys and air observers said today the Korean Reds used four American-marked tanks to sur prise two United States companies j in the battle for Taejon yesterday. The doughboys knocked out two of the American-starred tanks Mustang fighters and F-80 jet fighters stopped the others with rockets on a road northeast of Taejon. Corpl. Richard A. Johnson, 20, Sioux Falls, S. Dak., said men of his company thought the tanks were* American. ■ (Johnson told Associated f Press Correspondent Willlamfe. ► - Army Is Calling Non-Divisional Guard Elements I BULLETIN The Army announced today that it was in the “process of progressively calling non-divi sional elements of both National Guard and Reserves to active duty as the need arises and fa cilities for their reception and training can be provided.’’ It added that it did not contem plate, at present,' the calling of units the size of a division. The Senate and House Armed Services committees today voted to lift all restrictions on the size of military forces and to extend all enlistments for a period of up to a year beyond their present terminations. The*vote of the Senate commit tee was unanimous on both bills, i while the House group voted, 18 to I, in each case. Representative Towe. Republican, of New Jersey, voted no, saying he wanted more ! information on the problems in volved. Action in the Senate committee came quickly after Vice Admiral J. W. Roper, Navy personnel chief, declared the services expected to lose 193,000 men through expired enlistments by next July 9. Under the bill, the President could act until that time to extend enlistments. The Selective Service Act, which allows calling up of men from 19 to 26 for 21 months’ duty, also runs out on July 9 1951. Marine Restriction Lifted. In acting on the bill to lift the 2,005,882-man ceiling on the mil itary, the Senate committee agreed to kill a restriction that the strength of the regular Marine Corps be limited to 20 per cent of the authorized size of the reg ular Navy. Despite Admiral Roper’s state j ment that the Navy did not want | to increase the size of the regular i corps beyond the 20 per cent flg : ure, and that this limit would not prevent an unlimited expansion of Marine Reserves, if necessary, the committee decided otherwise. Senator Russell, Democrat, of Georgia, declared he didn't be lieve we could have too many Marines under present world con ditions. Expected Losses Outlined. Admiral Roper, in testifying for the bill to extend enlistments, gave the committee this break down on expected losses among the services: Army. 72,500; Navy, 61,000; Air Force, 50,000, and Marine Corps, 10,000. He said peacetime experience showed that only 50 per cent of enlisted personnel sign on for new hitches. He added there was no assurance this percentage would be followed in the current emer gency. Under questioning by Chairman Tydings, the Admiral, who is chief of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, promised that all urgent hardship cases would be carefully studied and those men released from serv ice. In this connection, Senator Tydings told the witness he wanted a recommendation from the armed services on family al lowances for enlisted personnel as soon as possible. Tydings Promises Quick Action. Senator Tydings said he would try to get both manpower bills before the Senate as soon as possible. “We might even be able to act today,” he asserted. Chairman Vinson of the House group announced he would call up the bills on the floor next Tuesday. The Senate committee took about 55 minutes and the House group about two hours to carry out the first steps of President Truman's request for expansion (See MANPOWER, Page A-3.) Moore at a command post in Korea: ("Later, we thought they were some American tanks we had given the Russians during World War II because they had stars on them.” (Whether the tanks were American-made, or any model resembling American types, could not be learned officially, ; Mr. Moore said.) The first two passed right be tween two United States in fantry columns without firing a shot. Then the commander of another white-starred tank fired a shot. He in turn was killed with a single shot by Sergt. Martinson. The last tank in line opened up with an 80 mm. gun on the infantrymen, who spread ofAon both sides of the road. D. C. Marine Reserves Ordered To Camp Lejeune in 10 Days 500 Officers and Men Are First to Go; Navy Also Calls Units to Active Duty Washington's 5th Infantry Bat talion of the Marine Reserve to day was ordered to active duty at Camp Lejune, N. C.. on or about July 31. The unit of about 500 officers and men is the first reserve con tingent from the area to swing into action as a result of the Ko rean conflict. Its mobilization orders came swiftly on the heels of a general order calling up all Marine organ ized ground reservists in the country, numbering some 47,000 officers and men. In othei steps to strengthen the armed forces, the Navy said several of its air reserve units, con sisting of about 9,000 officers and 30,000 men, have been ordered to lie to Break Silence On Korean Aid Plea At Conference Today U. S. Delegation Official Voices Satisfaction With Response by Members By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS. July 21.—The United Nations’ top executive breaks a week's public silence at a news conference today to discuss his urgent appeal for aid to U. N. forces in Korea. Secretary General Trygve Lie has kept quiet about the results of the call for aid he sent to the 52 non-Communist U. N. mem bers last Friday. • His aides have revealed noth ing to correspondents here which would match the optimism of an American delegation spokesman who said his group is satisfied with the responses. Their attitude is that a week is little enough time to get the answers from the member na tions. As of early today, it was known that eight or nine coun tries had made preliminary offers of help—none of them included sending a foot soldier. Lie Asked for Effective Aid. Mr. Lie’s appeal asked for ef fective — not token — aid, and stressed a particular need for ground forces. Dispatches from world capitals have announced that various coun tries would send combat and transport planes, war vessels and commercial shipping bottoms, and (See U. N„ Page A-5.) Toledo Haircut Price Up TOLEDO, Ohio, July 21 (jP).— Haircut prices here jumped today from $1 to $1.25 and shaves 50 to 75 cents. Barbers said it was necessary because of higher over head and decreased value of the dollar. Bulletin Missile Base Obtained Agreement with Great Britain for operation of a long range proving ground for guided missiles in the Bahama Islands was announced by the State De partment today. The agreement provides for joint operation of techhical facilities in the Ba- | hamas to help maintain con tinuous control of test missiles launched from the east of Florida. active duty, and the Army alerted combat troops in each of its six Continental areas. For security reasons, the Navy did not identify the units. Twelve Navy air reserve squa'drons, as well as a wing staff and two Ma rine reserve squadrons are based at Anacostia Naval Air Station. Col. Bruce Hemphill, director of the 5th Marine Corps Reserve Area, said the Washington bat talion would strive for total mo bilisation "on or about July ilJ' However, since 15 per cent* of i the reservists have families, a reasonable time will be permitted i for them to wind up their jobs and business affairs, he said. The 5th Infantry Battalion will (See RESERVES, Page A-3.) !---TZ-— Belgian Police Forces Called to Keep Peace On Leopold's Return Socialist Leaders Discuss Strike Plan, As Protest Measure ly fht Associated Press BRUSSELS. July 21.—Strong security forces were mobilized iri Brussels and other Belgian cities today against possible demonstra tions against King Leopold ni on the eve of the exiled monarch’s return. With Belgium celebrating her national independence today, pa triotic fervor may run high among the King’s supporters and oppo nents. (In Geneva, Switzerland, it was said that JKing Leopold will leave hi* home in exile there tomorrow to return to his throne. The time of his depar ture will be governed by an in ternational motorcycle race be ing run past the only exit from his Swiss estate. Crown Prince Baudouin is expected to accom pany his father on the flight to Brussels.) "■ Although the government an nounced last night that Leopold will not return until tomorrow, Interior Minister Albert de Vlee schauwer—himself an ardent Leo (See LEOPOLD, Page A-5.) Joint Committee Asks Tax Increase on Both ! Firms and Individuals Price-Wage Controls Sought to Take Profit Out of Korean War The House-Senate Joint Eco i nomic Committee today unani-j mously recommended an immedi ; ate increase in taxes on both individuals and corporations. | The action was taken as ad t ministration circles in, Congress i•t Allocationj and Priorities Enforcement Job May be Givaa Commerce Deportment. Page A-6 | discussed possibility of wage and I price controls. And demands were I being made to take profits out of j the war effort by enactment of an excess profits tax aimed at profiteering. Chairman O’Mahoney of the Economic Committee said the members representing both houses were in agreement that increased; i levies would be needed and should j so far as possible be levied to put! ! the Korean campaign on a pay-as you-go basis. Credit Controls Urged. Consumer credit also should be controlled, the Wyoming Democrat said the committee recommended. | With a Federal deficit of $3^ billion, bank loans running high,! consumer credit rising and the level of prices going up, commit tee mftnbers felt that some ac- [ tion should be taken. An in crease in taxes and consumer credit controls have a tendency to keep down prices, it was pointed out. Senator O’Mahoney said that the economic committee did not go into details about proposed measures since the problem of taxes was in the hands & the House Ways and Means Cor i mittee. Favors Excess Profits Taxes. Senator O’Mahoney reiterated his previous position that there should be legislation for in creased excess profits taxes. Asked how much of an increase (See CONTROLS. Page A-6.) Jap Criminals Paroled TOKYO, July 21 (IP).—Eight Japanese war criminals, including; former Lt. Gen. Chujiro Miura, 62, will be paroled from Sugamo Prison August 2, Gen. MacArthur announced today. Holtzoff Rules Information Given to FBI Is Privileged •y the Associated Prats NEW YORK. July 21.—A ruling that information given to the Federal Bureau of Investigation is privileged was on file in Federal Court here today. It was said by Federal attorneys to be the first of its kind. The ruling was made by Judge Alexander HoltzofT of Washing ton, sitting here as a visiting judge, in dismissing a $350,000 defamation suit brought against Moore-McCormack Lines, Inc. The suit was brought by a former shipmaster, Cecil E. Foltz, jr. He charged that the line maliciously gave false informa tion about him to the FBI, caus ing him to lose a job with the Economic Co-operation Admin istration. Mr. Foltz, after retiring as a shipmaster, was named to an ECA post in Pusan, Korea. The ap pointment was subject to a favor able report by the FBI. After he had already moved his family to the Korean pert, he was informed last October that the FBI report was unsatisfactory. fr In his suit, Mr. Foltz Contended that an official of the steamship line, who was unfriendly to him. made “false, misleading and de famatory statements” about him to the FBI. The statements, he said, included a charge that the | ex-shipmaster had been person- ' ally responsible for damaging the < hull of a troopship he commanded I in the war, and another charge that he had been guilty of mis- , conduct. The Government took over the j defense of the shipline since the line had acted as a vessel-operat- ; Ing agent of the War Shipping Administration during the war. , In a 19-page brief. Assistant j United States Attorney Benjamin : H. Berman argued that the For- ] eign Assistance Act required FBI checks on loyalty and security as . a condition to Government em- : ployment outside the United 1 States. Mr. Berman held that “any- i thing short of absolute privilege i in a communication” to the FBI, when that agency was conducting 1 an investigation, would tend to i “nullify the possibility of a com- ’ plete and thorough lfcuiry into - the background of an $plicant.” j Ives Leads Off D.O.P/s Attack On Tydings Senator Says Inquiry On Reds Became Probe of McCarthy BULLETIN Senator Ives, Republican, of New York today led off the Re publican counterattack on the Communism - in - Government majority report. He declared that charges of "a fraud and a hoax” in that report should not be allowed to serve as camouflage for dereliction in duty on the part of those pre fering the charges. He con tended that the subcommittee making the report disregarded the will of the Senate by ex clusively investigating Senator McCarthy, Republican, of Wis consin. More high-powered verbal blasts on the Senate floor were in pros pect today in the wake of a shout ing debate that nearly started a fist fight over the Communists-in Government majority report. The Senate has accepted the report labeling the charges of Senator McCarthy, Republican, of Wisconsin, a ‘‘fraud and a hoax," but the arguments linger on. Democrats and Republicans are doing their shouting and voting solidly along party lines. Wherry and Morgan Clash. The verbal scrapping yesterday was highlighted by: 1. A near fist fight between Sen ator Wherry of Nebraska, the Republican leader, and Edward P. Morgan, husky chief counsel of the Senate Foreign Relations sub committee which investigated Sen ator McCarthy’s charges. 2. An unprecedented and un successful effort by Senator Tydings, Democrat, of Maryland chairman of the subcommittee, to play a phonograph record in the Senate. 3. Two orders compelling Sen ator Tydings to sit down on the ground he violated Senate rules by what he said about Senator Jenner, Republican, of Indiana. 6oth times, the Senate voted to let Senator Tydings go on with his rip-roaring denunciation ^of Senator McCarthy. i yarns* Denies metanny. In one of the most bitter at tacks on a colleague heard for years on the Senate floor. Senator Tydings at one point shouted that Senator McCarthy’s charges were "foul and vile" and "ought to make the blood of Americana boil.” For once, Senator McCarthy bad little to say. He issued a statement later declaring that Senator Tydings had “tried to lotify Communists in Govern ment that they are safe in their positions?’ The Wisconsin Sen ator added, however, that “they ivill be dug out one by one.” In advance of today’s session. Senator Wherry told reporters! several Republicans are set to take ip the cudgels today in reply to Senator Tydings. The Democrats made it clear they have no inten sion of sitting quietly if the Re publicans let fly. Wherry Fails to Block Report. Yesterday’s wrangling got un lerway in parliamentary fashion. Senator Wherry tried and failed to block Senate acceptance of the majority report made by the three Democrats on the subcom mittee investigating Senator Mc Carthy’s charges that the State Department was a haven for Communists. Principal target of Senator Wherry’s ire was the section of the report quoting Emmanuel S. Larson—key figure in the 1945 Amerasia stolen documents case— is saying Senator Wherry told bim: “Oh, Mac (McCarthy) got him self out on a limb and now we lave to back him up.” After Senator Wherry’s denial )f that remark, the Senate took sime out to round up absent Sen iors. It was during that lull that Senator Wherry walked up to Mr. VIorgan, the subcommittee coun sel. Angry words were exchanged jetween the Senator and the 6 oot counsel and they left the loor. Just outside the chamber, ;he words got louder and may or nay not have led to something nore. Some of those present said blows (See McCarthy, Page A-6.) Cominform Agents Warned )f Vacation Deadline CHICAGO, July 21 (CDN).— Special and secret orders have ust been issued by Moscow to all Cominform executives in Western Surope to be back from summer vacation not later than August 31. These orders especially apply to ill paid agents of the Cominform n Prance, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Western Ger nany. Some will interpret the orders is a sign that Moscow has set the irst fortnight in September as he deadline for another aggres sion, Korean fashion, this time igainst Western .Germany, Yugo slavia or Greece. Another less ominous interpre ation is that Moscow wants its igents in Western Europe to be veil back at their dc^u when the Assembly of the Un*>d Nationj fleets September 19. "