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Some cloudiness, mostly sunny, pleas ant today, high near 85. Tomorrow partly cloudy, little change in temperature. (Full Report on Page A-2.) Noon -.-77 6 p.m.--80 11 p.m._.70 2 p.m..-82 8 p.m.._76 Midnight 68 4 p.m--82 10 p.m.._72 1 a.m..-68 W)t un day , ^^ WITH DAILY EVENING EDITION Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star Is delivered by carrier to all subscribers at $1.20 per month when 4 Sundays; $1.30 per month when 5 Sundays. Night Final edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per month. Telephone ST. 5000. An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 204. WASHINGTON, D. C., JULY 23, 1950-132 PAGES. S MESS. TEN CENTS. Korean Reds Retake Yongdok; Americans Bracing for New Enemy Attack in Taejon Area rresn U. y Iroops Enter Lines; Foe Hit by Mortars By the Associated Press TOKYO, Sunday, July 23.— North Korean troops have re captured Yongdok on the East Korean Coast, Gen MacArthur announced today as American and Communist patrols probed along the Western front. Yongdok, destroyed by Allied naval gunfire and taken by United j First Korean Casualty Returns: ‘There's1 No Place Like U. 5. Page A-3 Cl's Fought Way Through Fire, Tanks, Snipers to Flee Taejon. Page A-2 Men of 19th Infantry Given Medals for Bravery in Korea. Page A-S States and South Korean forces Friday, was lost yesterday before a Red attack in regimental strength, Gen. MacArthur said in a Sunday communique. The town is 26 air miles north of Pohang where the First Cavalry Division landed Tuesday in the first American amphibious opera tion of the war. It is an impor tant point on the Reds’ southern thrust down the east coas toward the vital supply port of Pusan. It also controls a highway through the high costal mountains to the central front around Yechon. Gen. MacArthur also reported "increased” Red pressure in the area of Hamchang, 15 miles southwest of Yechon which was taken by American forces Friday New Taejon Assault Awaited. Field dispatches reported Red armor and infantry building up for assault on new American posi tions south and east of fallen Taejon where First Cavalry ele ments have gone in as reinforce ments. American artillery and mortars pounded away moderately through out the night. Associated Press Corespondent William R. Moore reported from a command post, Big Aircraft Carrier, In Fastest Crossing, Gets Planes to Japan By th« Associated Press TOKYO. Sunday. July 23.— A big American aircraft car rier loaded with reinforcing war planes arrived here today after what is believed to be the fastest Pacific crossing— eight days and seven hours from the United States West Coast. The^ft,000-ton carrier, iden tity of which can’t be revealed, also brought what its officers believed was the largest num ber of aircraft ever carried on a flattop. Navy Capt. Cameron Briggs commanded. but there was no major ground contact. Communist patrols probed at new defense lines of the First Cavalry. The First Cavalry also sent out patrols to scout Red positions and concentrations. Skies were clearing. It was be lieved American aircraft would have opportunities to return to full-scale attack after being ham pered by bad weather. The American artillery concen trated on roads and valleys where (See KOREA, Page A-4.) Carrier Planes Hit West Coast of Korea By the Associated Press ABOARD A U. S. SEVENTH FLEET AIRCRAFT CARRIER, off Korea, July 22.—Navy carrier planes turned their hammering attention today to the West Coast of Korea and knocked out vital railroad bridges and oil instal lations. After riding out a typhoon for two days, the Navy launched its jets, attack bombers and fighters before dawn but found the weath er too thick for the proposed di rect support of American ground forces. Therefore, the planes roared up to the 38th Parallel and de stroyed one railway bridge and damaged another in the Kaesong Sariwon area. (Kaesong is just inside the South Korea border and was one of the first cities to fall to the Red invaders June 25. Sariwon is 60 miles northwest of Kaesong and well inside North Korea.) The Navy planes also eliminated five locomotives and set a series of fires and explosions in a train of 24 cars carrying oil drums. Four power stations, a cement plant and two locomotives were ®n the damaged list. A few hours later another strike by Navy jets with 20-millimeter guns exploded eight of nine big oil tanks in the Inchon area, 20 miles west of Seoul. The first loss of a naval pilot was reported in the second of four planned strikes during the day. Radio Programs, Pages C-8-9 Complete Index, Page A-2 1 i • China Reds Reported Shelling Nationalist Island of Quemoy Formosa Awaits U. S. Decision in View Of Truman Ban on Attacking Mainland By the Associated Press TAIPEI. Formosa, Sunday, July 23.^The Chinese Nationalists re ported that the Chinese Reds began shelling the Nationalist is land of Quemoy (Chinmeni last night in evident preparation for an attack. Quemoy is a 50-square-mile is land 100 miles west of Formosa and just off the Chinese mainland. It blocks entry to the Communist port of Amoy. The Nationalist'Defense Minis try, announcing the shelling, said more than 1,300 Communist small craft were massed around Amoy in apparent readiness to attack Que moy. Nationalist official quarters said early today they had notified American authorities both in Washington and Taipei of the Quemoy situation. They would not say whether they had requested lifting of Presi dent Truman's order against Na tionalist air and sea operations against the Red mainland. Desisting from such attacks was requested by Mr. Truman when he ordered the American Navy last month to protect Formosa from a Red invasion. One high Nationalist source said Red conquest of Quemoy could be a prelude to an invasion of Formosa. “Or,” he added, “they may in tend to bypass Quemoy altogether and attack us here in Formosa. How do we know?” This source, insisting on ano nymity, said that in the past the Nationalists had been able to break up such Red concentrations by air and sea attacks, but that now Washington had the say. (Whereabouts of the United States 7th Fleet, which is pa trolling the Formosa Straits, is not known. The fleet apparent ly, however, has kept well clear of the Communist mainland.) Formosa Public Warned. Before the Quemoy develop ments, the Nationalists yesterday chose the mimeographed English language China News to warn the Formosan public that danger of an invasion of Formosa still exists. The China News said it had (See CHINESE, Page A-5.) U. S. Counter-Drive In Korea May Come In Mid-Fall or Spring Heavier American Tanks Will Arrive on Peninsula Within Next Few Weeks By John A. Giles Heavier, harder-hitting Ameri can tanks will arrive in Korea within a few weeks but it may be mid-fall or even next spring be-i fore a major counter-offensive; against the North Korean Com munists can be launched, a high military official said yesterday. I The official, who cannot be named, thus joined several others District Guard Troops Head tor Home After Fort Meade Training. Page A-17 Air Force Plans to Call Reserve Units May Come Out Tomorrow. Page A-7 in cautioning the American public against hoping for a swift victory. In fact, he said, the public should not be discouraged or alarmed to find still further with drawals in the days just ahead. It is, he explained, a planned time gaining maneuver, a part of a gen eral pattern of resisting steadily and inflicting on the enemy the heaviest losses possible while re inforcements from this country are in transit. However, this official added that it was thought here that Gen. MacArthur could stabilize his lines within a matter of a few weeks—that is, get to a point where suitable supporting artil lery Are can- be set up. The estimates, of course, do not encompass the possibility that the North Koreans might collapse suddenly for internal or other reasons or abruptly withdraw to the 38th parallel with the propa ganda explanation that they have “punished” the South Koreans for "invading” their territory. Light Tanks to Be Replaced. The 47.5-ton medium tanks with high velocity 90-millimeter guns and wide treads to enable them to operate on the poor Korean roads and on soft ground will re place the outgunned, outclassed light tanks which have been maul ed by Red armor. Together with the stepped-up air and sea shipment of new tank killer bazookas, the tanks are part of the build-up toward the day when a major counterattack can be launched. The tanks that Gen. MacArthur had at the beginning of the hostil ities when Russian-built T-34 tanks spearheaded the Red drive southward were 35-ton jobs. They (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.) U. S. Plans New Effort To Use Germany in West Europe Defense Moves to Be Launched At Tuesday Meeting of Atlantic Pact Council By John M Hightower Associated Pros* Staff Writer A new effort to add German re sources to the defense of Western Europe has been decided on by the American Government. It will be launched at a session of the - North Atlantic Treaty West Germans' Right to Defend Own Soil Implied by McCoy. Page A-14 Red East Germans Ask West to Sabotage U. S. Militory Plans. Page A-9 Europe Able to Give Little Help in Fighting or Paying for a War. Page A-7 Council beginning in London Tuesday. Ambassador Charles M. Spof ford, special American envoy who left by plane for London yester day. will determine how far and how fast Atlantic pact nations are willing to go in pressing more of Western Europe’s industrial pro duction and manpower into mili tary service. Mr. Spofford carried instruc tions from President Truman and Secretary of State Acheson to get new Atlantic Treaty machinery into high gear fast and begin planning how to increase the speed and scope of rearmament throughout the Atlantic defense area. Meanwhile it was learned that this Government will promptly supply arms t6 Yugoslavia if Soviet satellite countries attack it. No Advanced Aid Seen. All indications are, however, that no American military aid will be given in advance, partly because Premier Marshal Tito’s forces are considered adequately equipped and partly because such action now might be considered provocative. Yugoslav Ambassador Vladimir Popovic has been pressing Ameri can Government and Internation al Bank officials for a new dollar loan, but so far has no assurance of early action. However, the State Department has decided as a matter of policy that Tito must get the basic fi nancial assistance he needs to keep going. Thus if action by the International Bank on his $25 million loan application is not forthcoming soon, the Ameri can Government may give an other loan through the Export (See ATLANTIC PACT, Pg. A-5.) Youth, 19,Tells Court He Sought Prison Sentence to Avoid Draft Nothing apparently would suit Lawrence A. Beach, 19, more than a year-and-a-day prison term. He figures it would keep him out of the draft. The youth virtually said as much before an incredulous Judge Thom as D. Quinn in Municipal Court yesterday. Brought in on a charge of un authorized use of an auto taken from a used car lot last Monday, Beach waived counsel and a hear ing in the course of being held for the grand jury under $1,000 bond. During the proceedings, Assist ant United States Attorney Martin J. McNamara declared that Beach ;old Auto Squad Detectives John J. Wolf and John L. Connors he took the car “so they won’t get me in the draft.” Judge Quinn glowered at the youth. “Is that correct?” he de manded. “Yeah, I guess that's about it,” was the response. The law specifies that any man, otherwise eligible, be disqualified from the draft if he has been con victed of a felony and sentenced to serve more than a year. Maxi mum penalty of the charge against Beach, who lives in the 400 block of Fifth street N.E., is five years. Even if convicted, he could get probation, which would leave him as eligible as ever. Nation Has Enough Food for All, Agriculture Department Says Report Seeks to Discourage Hoarding, But Concedes Possible Price Jump Soon By Malcolm Lamborne, Jr. The Agriculture Department yesterday assured consumers there are enough food stocks in the Nation for all and that spec ulative buying and price increases “are not warranted.” In a detailed. 22-page report on the national food situation, the Deportment Stores Study Limit on Soles to Prevent Hoarding. Page A-19 Government sought to persuade the public to go easy in their food buying in the face of re ports from many sections of the country of hoarding, following the outbreak of war in Korea. “Supplies of food available to civilians in the United States are expected to continue at about the same high level as in the past two years,” the report prepared by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics declared. ‘‘Even if the Korean situation results in some increase in mili tary procurement of food in com ing months, supplies available for civilians would not be noticeably affected,” it stated. The agency said the principal effect of the Korean war for the next six months is "likely to be the strengthening of consumer demand as employment and con sumer incomes rise with the im (See FOOD-PRICES, Page A-2.) Opposition Parades And Breaks Windows As Leopold Returns Soldiers and Police « Shield Belgian King Ending 6-Year Exile By the Associated Press BRUSSELS, July 22.—The re turn of King Leopold, III, from six years in exile set off militant demonstrations by his foes in downtown Brussels tonight. Windows of the pro-King Cath olic newspaper Libre Belgique were smashed. In Martyr's Square, Socialists vowed, with upraised fists, to drive 48-year-old Leopold from th» throne. Leopold supporters heckled the demonstrators, led by ex-Premier Paul - Henri Spaak, and were chased down a side street. Some of the demonstrators broke open a newspaper truck and scattered the contents in the street. They were seeking copies of Libre Bel gique, but that truck contained other newspapers. Police arrived after the incident was over. Communists paraded in down town boulevards. Resistance Ordered. The Socialist-controlled Belgian Trade Union Federation ordered the labor movement to open re sistance against Leopold “at the opportune moment.” A special manifesto said: "Leopold III dare not face pub lic opinion nor the people of Brussels. For us, Leopold III is no longer King of the Belgians, even less of the workers.” These were highlights of the mixed reception of the monarch, who bid somberly by radio for a national unity—recalling the na tional motto that "Unity Is 'See LEOPOLD, Page A-5.) Two-Alarm Fire Damages Junk Yard in Northwest A two-alarm fire in a junk yard at 3212-16 Grace street N.W. sent flames leaping 50 or 60 feet in the air shortly before midnight when the roof collapsed on burning paper and rags. Firemen fought the stubborn blaze for over an hour. The roof burned through and caved in on a large quantity of junk stored in the one-story building. Jack Shebien, the proprietor, was summoned from his home. He began to look for his watchdog, Rex, a German shepherd, and found the bewildered animal in the custody of spectators. Cause of the fire was undeter mined. Mr. Shebien said he would have to check further before es timating the damage. W.L. Mackenzie King, Ex-Prime Minister of Canada, Dies at 75 Former Leader of Liberals Was Stricken Thursday With Pneumonia By the Associated Press OTTAWA, July 22.—William Lyon Mackenzie King, 75, former prime minister of Canada and a veteran of British commonwealth and world political affairs, died tonight at Kingsmere, his sum mer home 20 miles from Ottawa. Mr. King’s physician said his death was caused by "hypostatic pneumonia, preceded by an at tack of acute pulmonary edema” (accumulation of body fluid). Stricken Thursday, he lapsed j into unconsciousness, and his con- j dition was termed grave earlier today. Quit Leadership in 1948. Mr. King voluntarily relin quished the Prime Ministry and leadership of the Liberal Party; in 1948 after setting a record for holding such posts in the British' commonwealth and empire. One of his outstanding achieve ments in office was the strength ening of relations between Canada and the United States. His efforts in this direction were intensified i during World War II and were made easier through his close personal friendship with Presi dent Franklin D. Roosevelt. Mr. King was a bachelor. Sev eral nieces and nephews were at his bedside when death came. When he stepped down from of fice November 15, 1948, he had ended 21 years, five months and (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 4.) Togo Dies in Prison; Japanese War Leader By the Associated Press TOKYO, Sunday, July 23.—The death of Shigenori Togo, one of the top Japanese war lords con victed on charges of mastermind ing the December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor, was announced today by United States Army au thorities. Togo, sentenced in 1948 to 20 years imprisonment, died in Su gamo prison. Army officials said they had no details on the cause or time of his death. He was 68. When Pearl Harbor was at tacked, Togo was foreign minister in the cabinet of Gen. Hideki Tojo, premier of Japan. As a diplomat, he served in sev eral countries and in 1925 was first secretary in the Japanese Embassy in Washington. He was found guilty by the In ternational Military Tribunal for the Far East of conspiring to wage aggressive war from 1928 to 1945 and of helping wage aggressive war against the Allied powers. | A Shivers Leads, 4 fo 1; Opponent Concedes In Texas Primary Thomas and Monroney Meet in Oklahoma Run-off Tuesday By the Associated Press Texans nominated Gov. Allan Shivers yesterday for his first full term as Governor while voters in the adjoining States of Oklahoma and Louisiana prepared to cast \ their ballots Tuesday in Demg cratic primaries featuring contests for the Senate. Gov. Shiver’s opponent in the Democratic primary in Texas— Caso March—conceded the race to the incumbent early last night when he was trailing almost four to one. Returns from more than 72 of the 254 counties gave Gov. Shivers 100,383 and Mr. March, 26.476. In Texas, nomination in the Democratic primary generally is tantamount to election. Gov. Shivers, 42, was lieutenant governor when the death of Gov. Beauford Jester July 10, 1949, put him into the governorship. House Speaker Sam Rayburn was one of the eight congressmen without opposition. 4 Seek Guilt’s Post. Twelve incumbent Democrats had one or more opponents. In the Panhandle, four Democrats sought the nomination for the post now held by a Republican, Ben Guill of Pampa. They were Mrs. Altavene Clark of Amarillo, Walter E. Rogers of Pampa, Pete LaMaster of Perryton and J. Blake Timmons of Amarillo. Chief interest in Oklahoma^ (See TEXAS, Page A-5.) Alexandria Couple Married In Atlanta Railroad Station •y the Associated Press ATLANTA, July 22.—A railroad! ticket clerk married a young Alex- ] andria (Va.) couple in Atlanta's! busy Union Station today. One! policeman gave the bride away,1 and another served as best man. Roland Hardin, 26-year-old bull dozer operator, and his 21-year old bride, the former Ruth Rhodes, said their vows as trains rumbled by and scores of travelers looked on. The couple was returning home after vacationing in Florida, and decided to get married during a stopover in Atlanta. They obtained a marriage license, but couldn’t find a minister. Finally, they ap pealed to Officers Joe Moore and Paul Dodgen, who rounded up Ticket Clerk R. B. Clements. It was legal. The ticket clerk is an ordained minister. i Nation's Population Reaches 150,520,000 For 19 Million Gain District Population 36th Among* States, Ninth Among Cities When the census of the District of Columbia is compared with the States it ranks 36th, having a larger population than 13 States. But when it is counted among cities it ranks ninth. The prelimi nary figures of the Census Bureau gave this ranking of the States: 1. New York; 2. California; 3.j Pennsylvania; 4. Illinois; 5. Ohio; 6. Texas; 7. Michigan; 8. New Jer sey; 9. Massachusetts; 10. North Carolina; 11. Missouri; 12. Indiana;: 13. Georgia; 14. Wisconsin; 15. Tennessee; 16. Virginia; 17. Ala bama; 18. Minnesota; 19. Ken tucky; 20. Florida; 21. Louisiana; 22. Iowa: 23. Oregon; 24. Washing-; ton; 25. Maryland; 26. Oklahoma; 27. Mississippi; 28. South Carolina; 29. West Virginia; 30. Connecticut; 31. Arkansas; 32. Kansas; 33. Colo rado; 34. Nebraska; 35. Maine; 36. District of Columbia; 37. Rhode Island; 38. Arizona; 39. Utah; 40. New Mexico; 41. South Dakota; 42. North Dakota; 43. Montana; 44. Idaho; 45. New Hampshire; 46. Vermont; 47. Delaware; 48. Wyo ming; 49. Nevada. Vote Pay-off to Allow Wide Open Gambling Charged by Kefauver Miami Bookmaker Tells Probers of Doing Favors For 'Friends in Politics' By Miriam Ottenberg Chairman Kefauver of the Sen ate crime hunters said last night the committee has uncovered evi dence that racketeers are paying off public officials in votes to run wide-open gambling. Just back from a road trip that took him to Miami, St. Louis and Kansas City, Senator Kefauver said protection for gamblers was bought with votes as well as money. , He said he had found instances in Kansas City where “sheriffs looked the other way because a fellow had a lot of votes.” Pay-offs in votes, he added, applied to both city and county officials. Secret Testimony Revealed. Along with these disclosures, the committee made public secret testimony taken in Miami last May 26 and 27. In these hearings, an acknowledged big-time book maker testified he “did favors” for “friends in politics” and a sheriff explained that gambling! places operated openly because “the city wants it liberal.” Although gambling has been stressed in the early hearings, Senator Kefauver said the com mitee plans to look into violations of Federal statutes, including mail fraud, lotteries, fugitives from jus tice and dope traffic. Distributions of narcotics will be one of the targets of a forth coming inquiry in Tampa, Fla., Senator Kefauver indicated. The committee has been told that Tampa is a headquarters for the operations of Mafia, the Sicilian "black hand” society that repu tedly engaged in the dope traffic along with extortion and murder. More Miami Hearings Seen. Along with the Tampa investi gation, he said, the committee will have to hold more Miami hearings, as well as open hearing in Kansas City and St. Louis. In Kansas City, Senator Kefau ver said, the committee made a number of inquiries about the slaying of Charles Binaggio, the political boss, and even visited the scene of the slaying—a club on Truman road — but uncovered nothing new. What the committee did find, the chairman said, were firm con (Continued on Page A-4, Col. 7.) Navy Veteran of Sinking Saves 3 After Boat Burns in Patuxent A District Navy veteran helped keep three persons afloat nearly four hours in the Patuxent River at Benedict, Md., yesterday until a boat took them to shore. The rescuer ^is Thomas Bridges, 37, of 305 Webster street N.W., who works for the Otis Elevator Co. Mr. Bridges gave his wife this account: Shortly after midnight, he saw two women and a man jump into the river when their boat caught Are. Fishing from a rowboat about 40 feet away, he tossed a cushion life preserver to one of the women and dived to help the other. The man was staying afloat. The women, apparently unable to swim, became hysterical. One of them fought Mr. Bridges, drag ing him under the water until he had to strike her. He finally got both women to cling to the small preserver. He and the other man then took t turns clinging to the preserver treading water while they tried, to attract the attention of other, fishermen in the darkness. •‘It was almost like the time! he was on a ship that was sunk during the war,” said Mrs. Bridges. Several fishing boats passed without noticing them until short ly after 4 a.m., when they were picked up by fishermen and car ried to shore. Mr. Bridges immediately got; another fisherman to take him out to his anchored boat. The three he had helped save were gone when he got ashore. All three had been burned, but no hospital in the area reported treating them. Mr. Bridges returned home with1 numerous scratches from the frantic women—and two four pound croakers to show for his1 fishing. ft Census Figures Show Greatest Growth For Any Decade The United States now haa 150,520,000 men, women and chil dren, a 10-year gain of nearly 19 million persons, the Census Bureau estimated last night. This swift growth, greatest of any American decade, was tabu Population Totals for All the States and District of Columbia. Page A-6 Some Factual Odds and Ends on 1950 U. S. Population Count. Page A-6 Listing of 100 Largest U. S Cities Reveals Close Battles. Page A-6 lated from the 17th Decennial Census preliminary figures of the 48 States and the District. Ten years ago census enumer ators counted 131,669,275 persons. Fifty years ago the Nation had only 75,995,575, approximately half the present estimated population. The District figure was an ear lier-anounced 792,234, a gain of about 19 per cent over the 1940 total of 663,091. Many Predictions Borne Out. Many of the predicted trends were borne out, such as a tremen dous gain for California, and other shifts in population which will be reflected in a revision of seats allotted each State in the House of Representatives. The influence of World War II and greater farm mechanization was shown in the migration of workers to the city, another move ment which eventually will bear on the readjustment of congres sional districts. Census officials said the figures announced last night must be carefully checked and revised be fore steps are taken to re-allocato those districts. But they said 1948 estimates by the House Post Office Committee giving Califor nia eight new seats, and clipping three and two each from New York and Pennsylvania, would not be off by more than one. Likely to Gain One Seat. Other 1948 estimates: Likely to gain one seat—Florida, Indiana. Michigan, Oregon, Texas and Washington. Likely to lose on* seat—Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri. North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Tennessee. Comparing these estimates with new census figures, Deputy Census Director A. Ross Eckler said the greatest departures from the es timates might occur in the Pacific Northwest, which did not gain as heavily as predicted, and the South, which grew faster than ex pected. One reason why the congres sional realignment must wait is that 700,000 of the total United States figure has yet to be classi fied by States. These persons are seamen and transients whose home States are not _deflnitely known. Census Bureau officials figure that, since House membership is expected to remain at 435, there will be one Representative for each 344,000 persons as compared with one for each 301,000 per sons at present. The final census count should be completed sometime before (See CENSUS, Page A-6.) MacArthur to Make First Report to U. N. By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, July 22.—Gen. MacArthur’s first report as com mander of United Nations forces in Korea will be presented to the U. N. Security Council early next week. The eight-page report reviews the military situation in which American and South Korean ground forces and air and naval arms of other nations are fighting under the blue and white U. N. flag against North Korean Com munist invaders. It reached Washington today. Word the report is coming takes the edge off complaints voiced by some delegates that the United Nations collective effort has not been stressed enough by 3en. MacArthur. Those who have seen the report say he speaks with high praise of the co-operative effort so far. Gen. MacArthur’s American troops and American - trained South Koreans are still the only U. N. troops involved in ground eombat. Bolivia has offered 30 army officers in the only formal tender so far of troops. A num ber of countries have offered bther aid, such as planes, ships and hospital supplies, but many have said flatly they can’t spare Sghting men. Belgium was the latest to offer its help—air transport from the United States to Korea and back. This, however, is only “a first measure,” the chief Belgian dele gate to the U. N. said.