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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 23, 1950, Image 5

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Soviet Attack on Tito
Unlikely at Present,
West Observers Say
4'* ' By the Associated Press
BELGRADE, July 22.—Respon
sible Western observers discounted
today the likelihood of a Russian
led Cotainform attack on Yugo
slavia in the immediate future.
>- This much, they say, seems cer
tain: There is no possibility the
Moscow - dominated Communist
neighbors of Yugoslavia could du
plicate here the surprise invasion
by which North Korea’s Russian
* equipped troops scored the initial
advantage over South Korea in
June.
Schooled in military and po
i litical tactics as practiced by the
‘ Soviet army and the Kremlin,
Premier-Marshal Tito has had his
tough, trained army on the alert
Since the Cominform denounced his
independent brand of communism
and ousted him in 1948. His army
is now perhaps 800,000 strong.
Watchful patrols are maintained
t.to block frontier sallies from Hun
gary, Romania and Bulgaria on
the east and Albania on the west.
Border Incidents Continue.
Official Yugoslav figures report
Soviet satellites have carried out
more than 800 border “provoca
tions" since the break between the
Cominform and Tito—nearly half
of them this year.
Many of them have gone un
published. Most of them appar
ently have been in the nature of
scouting forays to determine the
strength and depth of Yugoslavia’s
’ border ■ security arrangements.
rMany also have been a part of
the Cominform's cold-war pres
sure campaign against this coun
try.
This campaign obviously has
three major objectives:
1. To keep Yugoslav defenses
spread as thinly as possible.
2. To find the best possible spots
for invasion should the Kremlin
decide on such a step.
3. To force Yugoslavia to main
tain a large standing army, drain
ing off manpower needed for do
mestic reconstruction and eco
nomic development.
By belt tightening at home and
through trade agreements with
the West, Tito has managed so far
to offset the Cominform pressure
and—in some ways—to use it to
promote Yugoslav unity.
Tito Strengthens Hand.
Divided by race and religion and
by customs partly Western and
partly Eastern, Yugoslavia has one
common characteristic—historical
determination for independence.
Tito has played upon it to the
utmost.
This has strengthened his hand
now at a time when Yugoslav con
cern over the possibility of an in
vasion has reached its highest
point—much more so than during
the so-called August crisis of 1949.
That concern has been gener
ated by the Korean war and the
possibility it may turn into a gen
eral world conflict, plus the usual
wildfire of rumors at this time of
year when Balkan preparations
for autumn army maneuvers get
underway.
This year those maneuvers ap
parently have begun earlier than
usual. But, according to experi
enced Western observers, while
there have been plenty of rumors,
there have been no solid reports
of any gathering of Cominform
forces for an attack on Yugoslavia
as yet.
Atlantic Pact
(Continued From First Page.)
Import Bank from which Tito al
ready has gotten $40 million in
credits since his break with Mos
cow.
Yugoslavia and Germany are
the critical points in the Euro
pean picture. The Balkan coun
try is a source of great weakness
to the Soviets because it is a
symbol of successful rebellion
against Russia. Germany repre
sents the greatest concentration
of industrial potential in Central
and Western Europe.
Both the President and Mr.
Acheson consider Europe the ma
jor front in the conflict with Rus
sia even though the outbreak of
actual fighting in Korea has
focused attention on the Far East.
they are determined that West
ern defenses must keep pace with
the dangers of war. Some of
ficials say Mr. Truman is pre
pared to underwrite this view with
a new $5 billion appropriations
request to Congress, provided the
Europeans can effectively handle
that much American help.
Will Be Acheson Deputy.
Mr. Spofford, a newcomer in
diplomacy, will be Mr. Acheson’s
deputy in the Atlantic Council,
■which next week will begin to
function for the first time as a
continuously meeting body rather
than as an agency which meets
only occasionally.
As he departed from New York
for London, Mr. Spofford said the
mission of the council would be
to “speed up the North Atlantic
defense program along the lines
of the President’s message regard
ing the urgency of North Atlantic
defense at the present time.”
“One of the aspects of the meet
ing will be to get on with the
vitally important task of defense
planning,” he added. “We hope
to work out a common solution to
a common problem.”
Germany’s place in the defense
of the West is regarded by many
officials as among the most im
portant of the group’s problems
The. industrial wealth of the Ruhr
Valley and other facilities which
produced huge Armament supplies
for Germany in two wars, could
serve the defense of the whole
Western world in a third, these
authorities believe.
Decision Forthcoming.
In addition there is a question of
German manpower and whether it
should be armed. At the moment
the American Government is not
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HIS WAR HAS ENDED—A South Korean military policeman marches a North Korean prisoner
of war to a stockade somewhere in South Korea.
prepared to press this problem,
being keenly sensitive 1:0 French
fears, but in time it is expected
to come to a* decision.
On military production, Secre
tary Acheson went to London last
spring prepared to urge the manu
facture of non-combat equipment
in German factories, but finally
let the point ride over until bis
next meeting with foreign min
isters of Britain, France and the
other treaty nations in New York
in September.
The work to be done by the
deputies will be pointed toward the
New York session as the place
where men with the full power of
final decision will come together.
France and some of the other
continental countries are ex
tremely reluctant to see German
resources put to military use
against because of the danger of
reviving German military power.
Rests on Three Points.
The American answer to this
French view in the long run
probably will rest on three points:
1. That the Atlantic alliance
j gives France maximum protection
against Germany.
2. That the Soviet menace is the
danger of the moment, not the
German menace.
3. That German armies do not
have to be recreated in order to
make use of German manpower.
No serious effort to rearm Ger
man men is in prospect until such
time as the Atlantic powers have
organized their own defenses to
the point of establishing some
kind of international force or
military command.
Leopold
(Continued From First Page.)
Strength”—and promised his best
efforts to conciliate his opponents.
Friends and foes were kept at a
distance by security precautions
on the arrival of Leopold from
Switzerland soon after dawn. Pla
toons of soldiers and police were
his shield. Before Leopold ar
rived, four gendarmes were killed
and 22 injured by overturning of
a truck moving to the processional
route.
Brother Doesn't Meet Him.
Snubs were evident:
Leopold’s brother Prince Charles,
deposed as regent by the Catholic
Social Christian majority in Parl
iament Thursday at the same time
Leopold was recalled, failed to
meet him. Prince Charles was
reported suffering from an eye in
fection.
The flag on the city hall of anti
Leopoldist Liege was lowered to
half-staff and draped with mourn
ing crepe.
Cleanup squads had work cut
out for them removing roadway
“abdication” signs and anti-Ieo
poldist wall posters.
The Socialist newspaper Le
Peuple printed the word, “Resist
ance,” in big type alongside its
title. The Liberal Derniere Heure
complained that reporters had
been held under armed guard like
prisoners 100 yards away when
Leopold alighted from his plane.
But flowers from Leopold’s ad
mirers piled up at the royal palace,
filling the salons and staircases.
Future Uncertain.
If the return of the ruler
brought joy to his supporters, it
brought political humiliation and
an uncertain future to the leaders
who oppose him. Fifty-seven per
cent of Belgian voters are on rec
ord in favor of the king.
A concentration of police, troops
and security forces such as might
have been imagined in a Holly
wood spectacle surrounded the
king from the moment his army
plane from Geneva landed at the
Haren military field until he dis
appeared inside Laeken Palace.
Because of the hour of the ar
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Refugees from the Red invasion of South Korea crowd into
a boxcar in an effort to reach safety from the battle zone.
—Dept, of Defense Photos.
rival, 7:19 a.m., together with
strict government aecrecy on the
arrangements, few Belgians other
than soldiers and gendarmes ac
tually saw him return to the soil
he left in 1944 as a prisoner of the
Germans.
At 1 p.m., in a broadcast to the
nation, the king offered his hand
to “all those who, like me, think
only of serving the country.”
Expressing hope for “good faith
and tolerance,” he paid tribute
to "my former comrades in arms”
in the two world wars and to the
Belgian war-time resistance, and
pledged support to social reform
and to the North Atlantic and
West European defense pacts.
These were all gestures to win
the Socialists and Liberals, who
opposed his return primarily be
cause of his surrender to the
Germans in 1940 and his failure
to fight from exile.
Five hours after his return,
the Liberals indicated their unity
with the Socialists in demanding
that he abdicate. They said they
found it impossible to accept any
political co-operation with Leo
pold.
The eight Socialist ministers of
state, among them former Premier
Paul-Henri Spaak, resigned so
that they were not present at a
crown council meeting called by
the king this afternoon.
Premier Jean Duvieusart, whose
ministers tendered their resigna
tions as the last government of
the regency, was asked to remain
in office to form a new regime for
the king.
Texas
(Continued From First Page.)
centered in a runoff between
Senator Elmer Thomas and Rep
resentative Mike Monroney foi
nomination for Senator Thomas
seat. Senator Thomas trailed Mr.
Monroney July 4 in the first pri
mary.
Oklahomans also will select
Democratic nominees for Gover
nor, two congressional posts and
State officers.
Johnston Murray, 48-year-old
son of former Gov. William H.
(Alfalfa Bill) Murray, gained a
wide lead over his runoff oppo
nent. William O. Coe, in the first
election.
: Hottest Race in Fifth District.
The hottest congressional race
i is in the Fifth District which in
cludes Oklahoma City. Mr. Mon
roney’s try for the Senate left
I the post open. John Jarman, who
resigned as State Senator, and
William A. Berry, former United
States District Attorney, seek the
; nomination.
Representative Victor Wicker
sham, Seventh District, is the only
other House member who was
forced into a runoff. He is op
posed Tuesday by Lloyd Church,
Clinton dentist. Mr. Wickersham
held a wide lead in the first pri
mary.
In Louisiana, young Russell Long
—son of the late Governor and
Senator Huey P. Long—seeks his
first full term as Senator.
He was elected in 1948 to fill an
unexpired term. Senator Long’s
opponents are Malcolm Lafargue,
42, Shreveport attorney, and Newt
V. Mills, 50, Monroe real estate
dealer and former Representative.
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6 Killed in Action
37 Wounded and 121
Missing in Korea
By the Associated Press
The Defense Department re
ported six killed in action, 37
wounded, two injured and 121
missing in action in two casualty
lists made public today.
The lists were numbered 35 and
36. All those mentioned were in
the Army. None were from the
District of Columbia, Maryland or
Virginia.
Chinese
(Continued From First Page.)
learned from reliable sources that
the Reds were feverishly prepar- J
ing for an attack on Formosa and
declared, “the security of the is-’
land should not be overestimated
nor too much reliance put on
United States Navy support.”
At the same time Nationalist
authorities closed the beach of
Tansui. It is northwest of Taipei
and is in an area considered to
be the best possible landing site
for hostile forces.
The whole situation posed a
question both difficult and delicate.
__
Defense Officials Study
Report of Quemoy Shelling
By tha Associated Press
State and Defense Department
officials are reporting giving
promp consideration to the ques
tions raised by the reported Chi
nese Communist shelling of the
Nationalist island of Quemoy.
First indications were that of
ficials do not regard American
requests to the Chinese National
ist to withhold military moves
against the Communist as pre
venting purely defense operations.
.There was no indication that
the American 7th Fleet, which
President Truman has assigned
to protect Formosa, would have
any responsibility for the pro
tection of Quemoy. That small
island, though Nationalist-held,
lies just off the mainland and is
far over on the Communist side
of the line of the 7th Fleet patrol.
Statement Expected Soon.
A statement of the American
attitude is expected to be sent to
the Chinese Nationalist govern
ment on Formosa in a few days
Meanwhile, the State Department
said no official report on the
Quemoy incident had been re
ceived from Nationalist head
quarters at Taipei.
On June 27, in his statement
announcing that American forces
had been ordered to support South
Korea against Communist attack,
President Truman announced also
that he had ordered the 7th Fleet
to prevent any attack on Formosa. I
He called on the Chinese Nation-'
alist government “to cease all air:
and sea operations against the
mainland.”
Clarification Sought.
About two weeks later the
Chinese asked the United States
for clarification of the President’s
stand. Did it mean, for example,
that reconnaissance flights to ob
serve the movement of Chinese
Communist forces should not be
made?”
This Chinese note, officials made
clear, has not yet been answered,
but an answer will be sent shortly.
In response to inquiries as to what
the United States thinks the
Chinese Nationalists should do
about an attack on Quemoy, the
State Department would say only
that the President's statement
speaks for itself.
Actress June Lockhart
To Marry Doctor in Fall
ly tht Asiociatod Pr«»
NEW YORK, July 22.—Actress
June Lockhart said today she
plans to wed in the fall. Her
fiance is Dr. John Frances Ma
loney, New York‘physician.
Miss Lockhart is a daughter of:
Gene Lockhart, stage and screen;
actor. She made her broadway j
debut in “For Love or Money.” !
Texts of Commuaiaues
Ey th« Associated Pret*
(TOKYO, Sunday, July 23.—
Teart of MacArthur Headquar
ters Communique No. 126, is
sued at 2:00 p.m. Japan day
light time, midnight Saturday,
EDT):
North Korean Communist for
ces of approximately regimental
strength attacked and retook the
town of Yongdok, on the East
Coast yesterday.
There was no substantial enemy
activity in other sectors during
the past 24 hours. Red units in
the central sector, supported by
artillery, increased their pressure
in the Hamchang area.
The text of Far East Air Force
Communique No. 125, covering
the period from midnight Fri
day until midnight Saturday,
Korean daylight time, 10 a m.,
Thursday to 10 a.m., Friday,
EDT) :
United States Air Force and
Royal Australian Air Force activ
ities in Korea were cut to a bare
minimum on July 22 by bad
weather.
Typhoon Grade, which has been
slowly working its way in a north
erly direction across the Pacific,
was responsible for low visibility
and ceilings prevailing all target
areas during the day.
Using radar sighting, B-29
medium bombers of the FEAF
Bomber Command dropped more
than 100 tons of high explosives
on selected targets north of the
28th Parallel. Determination of
the results of these attacks awaits
reconnaissance flights after the
weather has cleared sufficiently
to permit photography of the
targets.
Fifth Air Force F-80s succeeded
in getting under the overcast in
the Taejon area for only one ef
fective mission. Pilots reported
attacks on 13 trucks, six horse
drawn artillery pieces and two
miscellaneous vehicles.
Except for weather reconnais
sance flights, other Fifth Air Force
fighters and light bombers and
RAAF fighters were grounded by
weather.
Cargo airlift was continued on
a reduced scale. Approximately
43,000 pounds of essential military
supplies were flown to Korean
bases during the day.
No enemy air opposition v/as en
countered and all our aircraft re
turned safely to base.
Men of 19th Infantry Given
Medals for Bravery in Korea
By me Associated Press
The Defense Department yes
terday made public a list of deco
rations to officers and men of the
19th Infantry Regiment. 24th Di
vision, for action on the front
near Taepyong, Korea, on July
16.
These included the award of
the Bronze Star to Pvt. Charles
L. Shanholtz, whose father, Jacob
F.^ Shanholtz, lives near Win
chester, Va. Pvt. Shanholtz re
ceived the award for heroism
against the enemy.
The following were awarded the
Silver Star posthumously:
Maj. John M. Cook, whose widow
lives in Columbus, Ga.; Pvt. Leo
E. Killingsworth, Kuse, Okla.; Pvt.
Laverne Smith, Butler, Iowa; Pvt.
Leonard M. Schlinghoff, Los An
geles, and Pvt. Dennis J. Nyhan,
Corona, L. I.
Maj. Cook’s award came for
gallantry in action while the four
privates won the Silver Star for
holding off the enemy while the
rest of their platoon withdrew
after the North Koreans had
flanked their position.
Pfc. Charles Allen Tabor, Louis
ville, Ky„ also received the Silver
i *
CHINA BASE SHELLED—Chi
nese Communists began shell
ing Quemoy Island (under
lined A) yesterday in an
apparent preparation for an
assault on the Chinese Na
tionalist blockade base. Que
moy is an island off the main
land port of Amoy opposite
the Nationalist base of Formo
sa. This is the first report of
action in the China war’since
the invasion of South Korea
(B) June 25.
—AP Wirephoto Map.
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Star, for gallantry In action near
Taejon.
The Bronze Star was awarded
posthumously to:
Second Lt. Thomas A. M. Mahar,
San Francisco; Capt. Allen P.
Hackett whose widow lives at
McKinly Colony. Philippine Is
lands, and Pfc. Jack C. Arakawa,
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Two others were awarded the
Bronze Star:
Sfc. Chester W. Van Orman,
Togus, Me., and Sfc. Chester H.
Brown, Fresno, Calif.
• (The designation Sfc. denotes
sergeant first class, a classifica
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to replace the old one of technical
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