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Weather Forecast Cloudy, showers today and tonight end ing in morning. High today, 78: low to night, 69. Cloudy, warmer later tomorrow. (Full Report on Page A-2.) Midnight 70 6 a.m.._ 69 11 a.m.__73 2 a.m._.70 8 a.m._.70 Noon 75 4 a.m.._70 10 a.m.__ 71 l p.m— 77 I__I Late New York Markets, Page A-17. mmem mmBmannm s h m m _ I Guide for Readers pm* Amusements B-10 Classified _.B-12-16 Comics .B-18-19 Crossword_B-18 Editorial _A-8 Editorial Articles A-9 HW Finance _A-17 Lost and Found. A-* Obituary _A-l# Radio ....B-17 Sports_A-13-15 Woman’s Sec. B-3-8 An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 205. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JULY 24, 1950—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. ~. _ ~ 1 City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday. $1.20 a Month; when 8 if /’'ITr'XP’FQ Sunday*. $1.30. Night Jinal Edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month. lO Americans Beat Off Red Attacks All Along 150-Mile Front But Foe Takes Kwangju in Western Push Invaders Obtain Position to Make Strike at Pusan By th* Associaltd Pratt TOKYO, Tuesday, July 25.— North Korean Invaders made at tacks yesterday all along a 150 mile front from Taejon eastward to the coastal town of Yongdok, but “continued to be repusled” by American and South Korean de fenders, Gen. MacAthur’s head quarters reported early today. • Field dispatches described two hard assaults on separate Ameri Text of Official Release on Fighting in Korea. Rage A-4 North Korean Losses Cutting into Red Reserre, Pentagon Announces. Pg. A-3 Dean tscaped Taejon Unhurt, Aide Re reals, Giring Hope for Safety. .Pg. A-2 can defense lines deep along back roads in rugged south-central Ko rea. A third Red column had slith ered down the west coast to Kwangju, near the southwest tip of Korea, in a broad flanking threat. Dispatches from the front late last night said Red pressure, mounted steadily all day against American lines astride the Taejon Yongdong highway, while 20 to 30 miles northeast another drive was in progress, pronging out along three roads. Tanks Clean Out Road Block. On the Yongdong Iront, Associ ated Press Correspondent Hal Boyle reported Red infantry at one time got behind advanced American positions and threw up a mortar-backed road block. This serious threat was cleaned out in two hours with the aid of American tanks and artillery, Mr. Boyle reported. “We didn’t fool with it; we sent the tanks to clean it up,” he Far East Air Force, Tops Expectations, MacArthur Reports By the Associated Press TOKYO, July 24.—Gen. MacArthur says the perform ance of the Far East Air Force in the Korean war ex ceeded “all expectations.” Lt. Gen. George E. Strate meyer, FEAF commander, to day relayed this MacArthur commendation to all of his commanders: “The contribution of the Far East Air Forces in the Korean conflict has been magnificent. They have per formed their mission beyond all expectations.” Quoted an artillery commander. (This was one of the few refer ences made to American tanks.) . Mr. Boyle added, however, that the North Korean frontal pres sure was still mounting, with steady artillery and mortar firing all Monday afternoon. North and northeast of Yong dong a force identified as the North Korean 2nd Infantry Divi sion pushed its three-speared at tack on other American positions. 5 of 8 Tanks Knocked Out. One 2nd Division column reached Poun, 22 miles north of Yongdong and 35 miles northwest of the rail highway hub of Kumchon. American planes and ground (See KOREA, Page A-3.) Bishop Byrne Is Safe At Embassy in Seoul ty the Associated Press VATICAN CITY. July 24.— American Bishop Patrick James Byrne, apostolic delegate to Korea who had been unheard from since war started there, today was re ported being held in the British Embassy at Seoul. The Congregation for Propaga tion of the Faith, which sponsors the Korean delegation, said it heard that the bishop, his secre tary, the Rev. William Booth, and Anglican Bishop Cooper, were all held at the Embassy. Bishop Byrne, who was bom in Washington, served in Kyoto, Japan, before being named apos tolic delegate to Korea April 7, 1949. Bishop Byrne was ordained in Washington. He graduated from St. Charles College, Ellicott City, Md. and from St. Mary’s Semin ary, Baltimore, ' He became a priest in 1915 and joined the Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America at Maryknoll, N. Y. Bishop Byrne’s brother, John F. Byrne, 7615 Thirteenth street N.W., has long been engaged in the practice of patent law here, Another brother, the late H. H. Byrne, was also a patent lawyer and had offices in the Washington Loan & Trust Building, Ninth and F Streets N.W. The Bishop’s sister, Mrs. David Braun, lives at 2101 New Hamp shire avenue N.W. f NEW RED DRIVES—Solid arrows locate Communist drives north and south of the main American defense line (sawtooth line) east of Taejon. In the south the Reds swept to Kwangju, almost at the tip of the peninsula, gaining position for a possible strike at Pusan, American supply port. An American counter-attack (open arrows) halted a Red thrust along the Taejon-Yongdong highway, but, to the north, increasing pressure was reported in the area where North Korean columns are moving toward Ham chang and Punggi. Broken line is approximate lino of Red penetration. —AP Wirephoto Map. Chinese Red Junks Near Quemoy Island Under Artillery Cover Invasion Attempt Seen But U. S. Indicates It Won't Interfere ty the Associated Press TAIPEI, Formosa, July 24.—A Defense Ministry spokesman said today a number of junks were ap proaching Quemoy Island under cover of a Chinese Communist ar tillery barrage. It may be the long expected in vasion attempt against the Na tionaliy-held island used as a blockade base against the Reds. The spokesman said Nationalist forces on Quemoy, just off the mainland port of Amoy, were ad equate to meet the expected Red attack. He said they would be sup ported by locally assigned Na tionalist air and naval units. (The State Department indi cated today that the United States won’t interfere if the Communists try to invade Que moy. An official said President Truman’s ban on fighting be tween the Nationalists and Chi na Communists applies to For mosa and the nearby Pescadores Islands. Quemoy is more than 100 miles from Formosa.) Artillery Opens Up. Communist artillery began bom barding the town of Guanau, on Quemoy’s northeast coast, at 11 p.m. (9 a.m. E.D.T.) yesterday. 1 The spokesman said President Truman’s July 27 request to halt air and sea operations against the Red mainland did not preclude the defense of Nationalist posi tions. Asked whether there was effec tive co-operation between Nation alists and the United States 7th Fleet, assigned to safeguard For mosa from Red invasion, the spokesman replied: "That’s a military secret.” He hinted that if invasion de velops Nationalist air and naval support would not be* given Que moy without Washington’s ap proval. Discounts Formosa as Target. The spokesman expressed doubt that a reported large concentra tion of Communist craft in the vicinity of Quemoy would pass the island for a direct attack on For mosa. “It looks as if Quemoy is going to be their target,” he said. The Nationalist garrison on Que moy is commanded by Gen. Hu Lien, rated one of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek’s most able com manders. He inflicted a smashing defeat on the Reds last winter when they attempted to conquer the island. Woman Runs for Sheriff IDAHO CITY, Idaho. July 24 (A1).—Boise County may have a fast-drawing woman sheriff. Mrs. Harriet (Babe) Hanson, 50, seeks the Republican nomination. Three men also seek the job. She can plink the eye out of a grouse at 100 yards, has killed about 75 cougars and for more than 12 years has been a guide' and packer in the Idaho primitive area. She was a WAC sergeant in World War II. - U. 5. Units' Job Plans Assailed in House As Careless Thinking Sikes Denounces 'Hoarding Workers' In Federal Agencies Representative Sikes, Democrat, of Florida, today took Government executive agencies to task for planning to add thousands of new employes. In a brief speech on the House floor, he charged that apparently “wholesale hirings are in process of being undertaken by the Gov ernment agencies.” He said he had heard reports that 12,000 jobs now are available here compared with 2,000 at the time of a previous announcement. Mr. Sikes said that at present no i analysis of expenditures requested I by President Truman to meet the (Korean emergency is available. | Although Federal sources had slated an additional 250,000 Fed eral employes will be hired, Mr. Sikes said the Government agen cies do not know yet how the money requested is to be spent. “They cannot possibly know how many new employes, if any, are required for the successful prosecution of the war in Korea,” he said. “To the business-as-usual, poli tics - as - usual, hoard - as - usual crowd, it appears that we can add Government-as-usual,” Mr. Sikes told the House. “There is as little patriotism in hoarding Government workers as there is in hoarding food.” U. N. Korea Meeting Asked LAKE SUCCESS, July 24 (IP).— The United States today requested a meeting of the U. N. Security Council tomorrow to hear the first report of Gen. Mac Arthur on the Korean situation. The meeting was asked for 3 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time. Quick Tax Boost Under Study by Congress Chiefs Proposal Would Leave Excess Profits Levy For Later Decision Democratic congressional lead ers discussed with President Tru man today tentative plans to get early action on a “simple” interim tax increase bill and hold up until possibly next year a full longer range revenue program. House Speaker Rayburn told re porters that individual and cor poration income taxes might be in creased in the interim measure and an excess profits tax left for action later in the year or early next year. He emphasized, however, that plans for attacking the problem of raising more revenue still are "only in the conversation stage.” W. Stuart Symington told a Senate committee the adminis tration will have an emergency tax measure ready for Congress “very shortly.” Senator Sparkman, Democrat, of Alabama, asked him if taxes would play a part in curbing in flation. “Yes, sir, a tax measure will come up very shortly.” the wit ness replied. Full Bill to Come Later. Senator Sparkman asked if the administration program would in clude an excess profits tax, and Mr. Symington replied, “I would hope so.” Mr. Rayburn said it has not been determined yet whether to seek action immediately on an interim tax measure to “take up some of the slack now” or leave the whole problem to be worked out in a few months. ine House Speaker, Vice Presi dent Barkley and House Majority Leader McCormack discussed the tax problem with President Tru man in a conference at the White House. Mr. Rayburn indicated that in any event it will be “sometime later in the year or the first of next year” before a “full” tax bill to produce the extra revenue needed to meet emergency defense expenditures is acted on. He said the question of an ad journment or recess of Congress will not be considered until action is completed on the President’s emergency program. Taft Urges Tax Increase. The rising movement for early tax increases was joined yester day by Chairman Taft of the Sen ate Republican Policy Committee. Some Democrats, including Senators O’Mahoney of Wyoming, Johnson of Colorado and Robert son of Virginia, also have come out for higher taxes now. The two men who have most to say about taxes in Congress favor (See TAXES, Page A-6.) Thomas Denied Parole From Federal Prison By the Associated Press The United States Parole Board today refused to parole former Representative J. Parnell Thomas, Republican, of New Jersey, who is serving six to 18 months on conviction of padding his con gressional payroll. The board gave no reasons. Thomas is serving his sentence in the Danbury (Conn.) Federal Correctional Institution. Members noted, however, in re sponse to inquiries, that in addi tion to his prison term, Thomas was also fined $10,000 and that no arrangements for paying this have been made. _ President Calls on All Citizens To Report Subversives to FBI Urges Law Enforcement Officers to Aid In Forwarding Spy or Sabotage Data President Truman today called on all Americans to report to the Federal Bureau of Investigation any information relating to espionage, sabotage and subver sive activities. He recalled that World War II directives put such matters under FBI jurisdiction to avoid confu sion. Text of the President's state ment follows: “On September 8, 1939, and January 8, 1943, a presidential di rective was issued providing that the Federal Bureau of Investiga tion of the Department of Justice should take charge of investigative work in matters relating to espion age, sabotage subversive activities and related matters. “It was pointed out that the investigations must be conducted in a comprehensive manner on a national basis and all information carefully sifted out and correlated in order to avoid confusion. “I should like to again call the attention of all enforcement of ficers, both Federal and State, to the request that they report all in formation in the above enumerated fields promptly to the nearest field representative of the Federal Bu reau of Investigation which is charged with the responsibility of correlating this material and re ferring matters which are under the jurisdiction of any other Fed eral agency with responsibilities in this field to the appropriate agen cy. “I suggest that all patriotic or ganizations and individuals like wise report all such information relating to espionage, sabotage and subversive activities to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in this same manner.” 47 Potential Draftees, First From District, Taking Tests Today Absentees' Alibis Checked After 10 Candidates Fail To Report With Group It was “hurry up and wait” again today for 47 potential draftees, the first District men called up under selective service in a year and a half. Reminiscent of scenes of an other war, ended only five years Pictures of First Draftees and Volunteers Getting Examinations. Page B-l ago, the candidates were ticketed for all-day physical and mental examinations at Arlington Farms. They were the first batch of 24 the 25 year-olds from whom draft officials will fill the District’s 101 man quota in the new selective service call resulting from the Korean war. Some indication of the task ahead was evidenced in the ap pearance of 10 fewer candidates than had been ordered to report today. William D. Leahy, District draft director, ordered a telephone check of absentees’ alibis. Some of those called obviously have slipped into the 26-year-old bracket and others probably are veterans, not required to serve again. Three men were rejected before (See DRAFT, Page A-6.) Commandos Land in North Korea to Blast Tunnel By Milton Marmor Associated Press War Correspondent AN AMERICAN FAR EAST NAVAL BASE, July 24.—Daring Navy and Marine commandos told today how they blasted a rail tun nel in a night raid on Korea’s east coast north of the 38th parallel. “This was not at all rough com pared to the last war,” said Marine Second Lt. Richard M. Johnson, 26, Oceanside, Calif. “We were glad to be able to do some infantry work for a change.” Lt. Johnson, on temporary duty from the First Marine Division, was the demolition officer. A picked band of commandos, their faces blackened with burnt cork, transferred from a cruiser to a destroyer. When close to the rocky Korean coast, they piled into a motor boat and cruised shore ward. “A fishing boat passed within 200 yards of us,” said Lt. Comdr. William Porter, 38, Bronxville, N. Y., the leader. “Just as we were abou^to hit the beach our propeller fouled. The water was too deep to jump so the skipper cut the motor and we drifted ashore. “It was so pitch dark we could not see the bow. Just as we got ashore a locomotive went through the tunnel. Its lights illuminated the area, but they did not see us. “We had to climb a 60-degree slope covered with loose rocks. “We were pretty well loaded with explosives. My biggest worry was that some ohe would slip and blow us up. It was the only worry we had. . . . “After we finished our work we doubled back.” Two seamen who set the charges said they didn’t wait to hear the explosion. They were Chief Gun ner’s Mate Myron K. Lovejoy, Long Beach, Calif., and Hastings, Nebr., and Gunner’s Mate Third Class Junior E. Wilson, Omak, Wash. Wilson wore a beard as did two other raiders, Paul A. Keane, 26, boatswains mate second class, Portland, Oreg., and Province town, Mass., and Howard Carl Scheundmann, 26, gunners mate first class, Okauchee, Wis. “Our only bad moment was climbing that mountain to get up to the railroad tunnel entrance,” said Keane. “Wilson grabbed Chief Lovejoy by the back of his pants and kept him from slipping down the hill,” Scheundmann recalled. “It was the longest hour and a half that I ever stood guard duty,” said Pfc Joseph Christ, 20, Con nellsville, Pa. Pfc. Robert Eugen, 25, St. Petersburg, Fla., and Pfc. Jack Lee Pope,. 21, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, nodded agreement. "There were many noises around,” said Pope. “It might have been birds or field mice. We didn’t investigate.” “We were too far away to hear any explosion,” said Porter. “On the ship a deck officer said he saw a train enter the tunnel but not come out.” V . District Signal Unit One of Score of Guard Outfits to Get Orders Camp Breckinridge, Ky., Reopens; Air Force Call Of Reserves Imminent One unit of the District Na tional Guard and more than a score of others throughout the country prepared today to report for active duty as the Army an nounced reopening of Camp Breckinridge, Ky., as a replace ment training center. Orders for the District Guard's 370th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit to report for active duty Au gust 14 came in the first call of an undisclosed number of Nation al Guard outfits to Federal service. For security reasons, authorities did not make known the sizes of the units or where they will go for training. At the same time plans for an Air Force call of some reserve units were expected to be made known later today or tomorrow. This would round out at least limited calls for reserve units by all the armed services. It is not known whether the Air Force, which has a potential supply of about 356,000 reservists, plans to include any of the 45,000 men in Air Guard units in the call. Six Training Centers Open. Meanwhile, the reopening of Camp Breckinridge, near Hender son, Ky., raises to six the number of training center which will re (See GUARD, Page A-4.) V-2 Missile Fired From Florida Coast After Earlier Fizzle By the Associated Press LONG RANGE PROVING GROUND, Cocoa, Fla., July 24.— The first giant V-2 missile to be fired from this East Coast proving ground zoomed into the air today Experts pronounced the pre- ( view of “push-button” warfare “successful,” but there was no immediate report on how the rocket behaved. The first missle fizzled on the launching platform last Wednesday. T^ie main part of the missile, a captured German V-2 rocket, uses 10 tons of fuel in approxi mately one minute. It was fired vertically but shortly after the takeoff a gyroscopic steering de vice turned it to go horizontally. Experts said its range was up to 250 miles. It stood 60 feet high, was 6 feet in diameter and weighed 14 tons. j§ Ferguson Hits Report On Red Inquiry, Cites Failure to Probe Hiss Says State Department Could Be Lulled Into False Sense of Security •Senator Ferguson, Republican, of Michigan today charged the majority report on communism in Government could “lull the State Department into a false sense of security” at a time when “we are on a hot war with communism.” The Michigan Senator, carrying on the Republican attack against the report, challenged it on these grounds: 1. That it failed to go into the Alger Hiss case. 2. That it contended four com mittees in the Republican-con trolled 80th Congress examined the same files and found no sub versives or Communists in the State Department. Reveals Memo to Marshall. Senator Ferguson made public a June, 1947, confidential memo randum from a Senate Appropria tions subcommittee to the then Secretary of State Marshall which declared: “It is evident that there is a deliberate, calculated program be ing carried out not only to protect Communist personnel in high places but to reduce security and intelligence protection to a nul lity.” This he used to back up his arguments that the 80th Congress did look into State Department Communists and found a number of them. Together with the previously secret memorandum, Senator Furgeson made public a confiden tial letter in reply from Assistant Secretary of State John E. Peu rifoy informing the committee what steps had been taken to in vestigate or rid the department of those listed. Another Memo Presented. Another confidential memoran dum given by Senator Ferguson was a report prepared by J. Anthony Panuch, then head of the State Department’s security division, on the “Hiss Plan for Reorganization of the State De partment.” It was dated March 7. 1946. Senator Ferguson introduced it in arguing that the Senate “never has been told the facts in the Hiss case.” Alger Hiss, one-time high ranking State Department planner, has been convicted on perjury charges. Mr. Panuch reported that under the Hiss plan, Hiss would enjoy (See MCCARTHY, Page A-6.) Christoffel Loses Plea For Time to Draft Case Harold R. Christoffel today lost a bid for more time in which to prepare his case before the United States Court of Appeals. The court denied motions by counsel for the former Milwaukee labor leader convicted of perjury for an extension of time in which to file the record of the case. Court attendants said it is un certain whether the action bars the door to further appellate pro ceedings. Christoffel’s lawyer, O. John Rogge, could file a motion for reconsideration of today’s rul ing. The United States Attorney’s office could request dismissal of the appeal. Christoffel received a two-to-six-year sentence. Christoffel was convicted by a District Court jury last March of lying to the House Labor Com mittee about Communist activities and affiliations. It was his second conviction on the charge. Earlier the Supreme Court reversed his 1948 conviction. The Supreme Court held the Government had failed to show that committee quorum was present when the perjury was commitjjfd. i. Symington Asks War Conversion Plan Be Sped Civil Defense Poses Manpower Problem, He Tells Congress By J. A. O'Leary The need for civilian defense in this atomic age adds a new factor to the manpower shortage in thia emergency, Chairman W. Stuart Symington of the National Secur ity Resources Board told Congress today. He went before the Senate Bank ing Committee this morning to urge prompt passage of the ad | ministration’s five-point bill to em power the President to mobiliza | industry and credit for the defenso program. i Other highlights of his testimony I were: I 1. Rationing and price control of consumer goods, which are ex cluded from the bill, should not be “immediately necessary” if pan ic buying is avoided. 2. Prices of 28 basic commodi ties have risen 10 per cent slnca the invasion of South Korea. 3. It is President Truman’s de sire to have existing Government departments handle as many of the new functions as possible and to hold down the number of new agencies. Progress Made on Civil Defense. Mr. Symington, whose board haa direct charge of civilian defense, said “we have made a lot of progress” and expect to have ready by September 1 a plan for the guidance of Governors and of Mayors. He testified that civilian defense will “have to be largely a grass roots program—it cannot succeed by coming down here to Washington.” The committee announced it will hear Secretary of Commerce Sawyer in open session tomorrow morning and Gen. Omar N. Brad ley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in closed session tomor row afternoon. It will cal! in Bernard M. Baruch, who handled industrial mobilization in World War I, Wednesday morning. Stresses Manpower Problem. Although the defense produc tion byj does not touch employ-, ment contracts or manpower prob lems generally, Mr. Symington called attention to the part that subject may play in future months. . “Manpower shortage in this emergency will be more pressing than ever before,” he said. “There will be military demands on the men and women working in the factories, on the farms and in such fields as transportation. Also, however, there is a great new ad ditional manpower requirement which for the first time has be come very real and practical to the security-of the United States in this air-atomic age—civil de fense. Mr. Symington told the Sena tors the question of “how warm is the cold war” is the theoretical today, but added this warning: “We know now that members of the international Communist movement will not hesitate to shoot down any who stand in tha way of their often expressed in tention to first defeat the peace loving democratic nations and then destroy their way of life. Red Power Growing. “It is now also clear that the military power of these Com munists is organized, very great and growing rapidly; and there fore if this Nation is to survive, it must increase promptly its own military stature as well as that of its allies.” As a former businessman now in Government, Mr. Symington said the President’s desira to have existing Government depart ments gear themselves to emer gency problems to hold down new agencies will pay off in speed and efficiency. * “I don’t know—it certainly will come later if necessary,” Mr. Symington replied. Under Title I, the President could require industry to give preference to defense work and could allocate supplies to achieve this purpose. Could Requisition Property. Other parts of the bill would empower the President to requisi tion property at fair prices; to guarantee private loans or make direct loans for industrial expan sion; to control consumer credit, and to issue any regulations nec essary for carrying out the fore going powers. Senator Capehart, Republican, of Indiana, wanted to know why the President left out rationing and price control. Mr. Symington replied that Mr. Truman is anxious to put on only those controls immediately neces sary and “at this time he doesn’t think that’s necessary.” Bulletin Acalotti Move Allowed The Government today Con sented to the request of Attilio Aoalotti that his appeal pend ing before the United States Court of Appeals be dismissed. Grounds given for the request were that Acalotti, serving an t to 24 month sentence for gam bling activities with William (Snags) Lewis, is now eligible for parole. Parole applications are not considered while an ap peal is pending.