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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 08, 1950, Image 9

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Home-Front Morale
Called Big Problem of
Truman and Advisers
People Should Be Assured
Mobilizing Purpose Is
To Prevent Major War
By David Lawrence
If the American people could
somehow be assured, for instance,
that there would be no more
fighting after Korea is pacified
and that the main purpose of
mobilization now is to prevent a
large-scale war, there is no sacri
fice of time or convenience or dol
lars that would not be enthusi
astically made. Such assurance
can’t be given, but what is the
plan If large-scale war doesn’t
break out for years?
The big problem now for Presi
dent Truman and his advisers Is
home-front morale. Young men
who did their bit and more in
World War II are being asked to
give up their jobs and detach
themselves from their families—
and many of these men now have
responsibilities they did not have
when they went to war before.
A long-range program of as
surance that the reserves now
being called up will be replaced
in a year or thereabouts is abso
lutely essential. The reserves be
ing called now for the Army, the
Navy, the Marines, and the Air
Force will go away to service
with more enthusiasm and much
less anxiety if they can be told
that there is a plan to replace
them and let them go bacjc to
work—in the event that large
scale war doesn’t break out in a
Need for Universal Training.
If Russia doesn’t make another
move like that in Korea and holds
off further aggression, then it
would not be fair to keep those
American reservists in uniform
doing police duty in various parts
of the globe.
What is clearly indicated is the
need for a system of universal
military training to be author
ized at once and a wider and
wider application of the draft, to
gether with more and more offi
cers’ training camps. Such a plan
should be organized now so as
to give some degree of assurance
to the reservists that they will
not remain in uniform indefinite
ly during a period of several years
of tension in which hostilities dot
not occur.
Every day that passes seems to!
prove that the present period is
unlike any other in the past. For
while there is a readiness to meet
audden war, there is also the pos
sibility that no large-scale war
may break out at all. Preparation
for either contingency must be
the same, so as to prevent war.
The assumption in the Korean
affair has been that Russia wanted
to test out America's determina
tion to resist. If this is so, then
the young men who have died and
those who are making heroic sac
rifices every day In Korea are per
forming a service for the rest of
the American people which has
not yet been pointedly explained
or fully appreciated. Those sol
diers in Korea who wonder whyj
they are there should be told that'
they are preventing a large-scale
war—that they are giving an
example of American resistance!
which may prevent further ag
gression altogether.
To support the morale of men
who are now in Korea and those
in the United States who are
donning uniforms, the Secretaries
of the Army. Navy and Air, to
gether with the Secretary of De
fense, should be able soon to an
nounce that a system of replace
ments is planned. If the money
isn’t specifically authorized for
this as yet. Congress should be
apprised of it, so that plans can
be laid immediately to bring back
after a few months or a year the
veterans who have just responded
to the call.
Chances of Large-Scale War.
"What are the chances of large
scale war? This question cannot
be answered by any one, but t
larger mobilization of trained men
can prove valuable in the event
that war does break out. Then,
Incidentally, America would have
the newly trained men plus the
first line of reserves, and this
could mean a force big enough to
assure victory.
There’s one piece of news in
this connection that hasn't been
printed yet which may or may not
be a straw in the wind. For sev
eral days now, Russian subma
rines have appeared in Korean
waters. They have been engaged
In patrolling and getting informa
tion. They have not made a single
maneuver of hostility. Instruc
tions to our ships and planes at
sea are to shoot or drop bombs
only if a submarine gets itself in
a position close enough to fire a
torpedo. The mere fact that the
Russian subs have refrained is
proof that the Soviets do not in
tend to extend the area of hostili
ties and involve their own forces—
at least, that’s the present picture.
But it is an encouraging one
nevertheless, for if the Soviets had
Intended to start a war, they have
had plenty of chance to do so these
last ten days by firing from a sub
marine hiding behind a North Ko
rean flag.
There are other evidences that;
Moscow may intend to harass the
Western Allies but not to start
large-scale war. The policy of
America and her associates is to
mobilize in the hope that the‘
steps taken now will prevent war.1
Hence those who serve in uniform1
today and those behind them on
the home front are playing a vital
part, the Importance of which they
do not perhaps yet realize them
selves. More should be said by
the Government about the im
mense contribution to peace being
made by our armed forces today,
even though they are operating in
a relatively small area.
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This Changing World
Tito Government Wary as Russia
Steps Up War of Nerves on Frontiers
By Constantine Brown
Russia’s war of nerves in Cen
tral Europe is being stepped up on
the Yugoslav frontiers, particu
larly those shared with Hungary
and Romania.
While the ac
tivities in these
areas are riot
greatly differ
ent in pattern
from those
which have
been going on
i n t ermittently
since the Mos
cow - Belgrade
split, their pace
and continu
ance serve to
keep the Yugo
slav govern- ComUntine Brown.
ment increasingly wary and have
had an admitted effect on that
country’s official position with re
gard to the Korean issue.
Yugoslavia has the biggest
army today west of the Iron Cur
tain, probably 30 divisions of rea
sonably well trained and equipped
fighting men who would provide
no easy target for Russia itself
and are much more than a match
for satellite troops of Hungary,
Romania and Bulgaria. When and
if overt military action is directed
against Tito’s forces, however, it
is taken for granted that satellite
participation will provide only the
necessary “incident” to bring full
fledged Soviet strength into play.
Won’t Provide Excuse.
While Tito has shown no indi
cation whatever of weakening in
his defiance of Moscow, and is not
expected to. a spokesman for his
government has admitted frankly
that their obstentions on the
United Nations declaration of ag
gression in Korea and their vote
against military action were
prompted by their determination
to provide no excuse or provoca
tion for Russian reprisal.
In recent weeks extensive Rus
sian maneuvers have been held
in Hungary with a reported em
phasis on aerial bombardment,
airborne-troop dropping and par
tisan guerrilla - type operations.
Mine fields and two broad belts
of barbed wire, tank obstructions
and so forth have been refreshed
and deepened along the entire
Hungarian-Yugoslav frontier. Sev
eral important factories, remain
ing from an earlier dismantle
ment program in the border area,
are now being disassembled and
groups of civilian population are
reported moving reluctantly east
ward as military forces appear in
the cleared areas.
On the Yugoslav - Romanian
border similar developments have
been observed. At one point a
“forbidden zone” some 35 kilo
meters in depth has been estab
lished. Several thousand civilians
have been moved out of this area
and normal communications and
transit shut off by a military
Western Policy Not Set.
Western policy in event of a
Russian attack on Yugoslavia is
not fully determined. While there
was disappointment, there was
not great surprise at the Tito
government’s position on the Ko
rean issue and it is likely that
aggression against Yugoslavia
would be so branded by the ma
jority bloc in the United Nations
Security Council.
A vote for collective action, how
ever, is not so certain and in any
case there is the realistic problem
of what and how quickly tangible
assistance could be provided. If
time permits the rebuilding of
the Western arsenals, Tito prob
ably can expect aid in armaments
and supplies. These would be
most important since fighting
manpower is not an immediate
problem to a country already
highly mobilized.
The next few weeks are expect
ed to provide the answer as to
whether Moscow is prepared to
undertake this Balkan gamble.
Unless the political picture
changes unexpectedly in Belgrade,
time is not calculated to help the
'Hatchet Men’ Ready
Democrats See Brewster as Victim
In Coming Wire-Tapping Probe Hearing
By Doris Fleeson
The Democrats who have not
been getting many breaks lately in
investigations are indulging them
selves these days in a roseate
dream. They
see the chair
man of the
Committee, Mr.
Brewster of
Maine, in the
witness chair of
the famous
ctucue room.
There with the
f 1 o odllghts
beating down,
the cameras
popping and DorU Flee,0B
the reporters writing furiously,
Senator Brewster is answering
questions about whether he did or
did not tap the telephone wires
of Howard Hughes during the 1947
plane contract hearings.
Both wire-tapping and Senator
Brewster are provocative subjects.
They are linked together in the
case of a local detective. Police Lt.
Joseph Shimon, whose supposed
wire-tapping activities became the
subject of a secret report by his
superiors. In turn this report is
scheduled to be the basis of an
investigation by a Senate sub
committee headed by Senator
Pepper of Florida.
Coant on Pepper's Skill.
It is generally conceded that
Senator Pepper who'was defeated
for re-nomination last spring in
large part by Republican funds
will put his heart in his work. His
colleagues who do not know his
equal in forensics are counting on
his skill and puckish humor to
produce hearings that will quite
blot out memories of McCarthylsm
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and the Korean expert, Mr.
Actually Senator Brewster, hav
ing hit the headlines with Lt.
Shimon, will probably ask to ap
pear. The Senator told a grand
jury he had paid “$100 or a little
more” to a man he assumed was
Lt. Shimon for getting rid of a
man who shadowed him during the
Hughes investigation.
The Senator said he had dis
covered he was being followed,
so he complained to the police.
He said a man showed up then,
presumably Lt. Shimon, and
checked his office. Later, he said,
the same presumed-Shimon came
back and said he had had some
expenses, so the Senator paid
Senator Brewster explicitly de
nies that he had anything to
do with wire-tapping or had
knowledge of it in the Hughes case.
Aided by 2 Hatchet Men.
Aiding Senator Pepper will be
two veteran Democratic hatchet
men, Senators Neely and Kefauver.
In contrast the two subcommittee
Republicans, Senators Hendrick
son and Darby, are relatively in
There are cold political reasons
for the Democrats to exploit
any Brewster-Shimon connection.
They know Senator Brewster as
the prime promoter of McCarthy
ism as a campaign issue. They
have not had very good luck in
dissipating the high emotional
content of the McCarthy charges,
despite the Wisconsin Senator’s
utter lack of proof. They are
hoping Mr. McCarthy’s income
tax returns will discredit him.
If they can put the Senator from
Maine on the defensive or make
him look ridiculous, that will
help too, they think.
The pitfalls of Senate inves
tigations are clearly seen by the
Pepper committee counsel, Ger
hard Van Arkle, former counsel
to the National Labor Relations
Board. Mr. Van Arkle is New
Dealer enough to feel that any
thing that happens to Senator
Brewster is legal, but he is also
a careful young man who plans
first to lay his foundations in
secret sessions.
Either political party might well
wish for box office rights to a
repeat Brewster-Hughes show that
would even approach the hear
ings that panicked Washington
in the dog days of 1947. It could
almost be promised that the take
would float a national campaign.
Wins Seven Bets •
At Danish Track
By Henry McLemore
COPENHAGEN.—If kidnaping
weren’t such a serious offense
here in Denmark, and the average
Dane weren’t such a big, husky
fellow, I’d be
out today try
ing to put the
snatch on one
of them.
The one I’d
like to take
home with me
is a horse han
dicapper for a
morning paper
who makes his
selections un
der the head
ing, “B. T.’s
Galop -Tip s.”
He’s the hot- Henry McLemore
test thing around a track since
Ben Hur, and thanks to him, I'll
be able to buy the stuffed rein
deer which caught my fancy the
first day I went window shopping
in Copenhagen. (For years I
have had to go along being em
barrassed when guests in our
home would ask to see our stuffed
reindeer and I’d have to admit
that we didn’t have one.)
Seven Out of Seven.
Yesterday good ol’ B. T., who
ever he is, picked seven winners
out of seven at the track a few
miles outside of town and, glory
be, I went down the line with
him. Actually, I shouldn’t take
too much credit for following B.
T. because I found a Danish news
paper with his selections in it
in a taxi riding out to the course,
and it was the only information I
had all day.
In fact, I have never been to a
race track where I was as com
pletely ignorant of what was going
on as I was yesterday. I talked
to no one, bought no tip sheets,
I couldn’t read any of the signs
around the track—in fact, B. T.
and I were in a little world of
our own, thank goodness.
I never knew the odds of any
horse I bet on. I just waited
until twenty minutes after each
race and then presented my ticket
at a window marked “Udbe
taling” and gathered in my kro
ner. About all I could make out
was the names of some of the
jockeys—Knut Hanson, Eli Jen
sen. H. Olsen and Ejv Petersen.
B. T. furnished reasons for his
selections, but see if they would
help you any more than they did
me. He had this to say about the
first race, or lob, as the Danes
foolishly pronounce race. “Bois
Mill Lob for Treaarige, der ikke
har vundet, 1600 meter. 7 Star
tende, Ingen i dette Felt har nogen
Form vaerd at regnc med, hviilket
fremgaar allerede deraf med,
hviilket fremgar allerede deraf, at
samtlige 7 endui i deres fjerde
Aar er unden Sejr. Crown 11 har
den tilsyneladende bedste Chance
foran Cutty Sark og Ma Petite.”
Rang Familiar Note.
I did get a bit out of that.
Crown 11 sounded like a race
horse’s name, Cutty Sark rang a
familiar note, and my mastery
of French gave me a hint as to
what Ma Petite meant.
I can’t get over the way the
Danes behave during the running
of a race. Exuberant, fun-loving
people most of the time, they
don’t so much as make a chirp
when a race is on. Nor do they
utter a single yell, even when
three or four horses pass the finish -
all in a bunch.
An attractive feature of the Co
penhagen track is the dispatch -
with which the races are run.
They go off on schedule, with none
of that stalling while 'the last
dollar is being given time to get
in the pari-mutuel machines that
we have at home. The horses
break from a webbing and they
don’t average more than 30 sec
onds at the post.
Of course, the fact that I had
seven winners may have caused
me to see the Copenhagen track
through exceptionally rose-colored
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