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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 09, 1950, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Fair today and tonight. High today near
86; low tonight about 68. Partly cloudy to
morrow with possible afternoon showers.
(Full report on Page A-2.'
Midnight. 71 6 a.m. --67 11 a.m. —-76
2 a.m_69 8 a.m. —68 Noon-79
4 a.m. —-68 10 a.m. —73 1 p m. —82
Late New York Markets. Page A-23._
Guide for Readers
PM*
Amusem’nts A-16-17
Classified-. B-15-20
Comics_B-22-23
Crossword_B-22
Editorial_A-12
Edit’l Articles. A-13
PM*
Finance_A-23
Lost and Found A-3
Obituary-A-14
Radio_ B-21
Sports_A-18-21
Woman’s Sect. B-3-6
An Associated Press Newspaper
98th Year. No. 221.
Phone ST. 5000 **
WASHINGTON, D. C„ WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1950-FOKTY-EIGHT PAGES.
CUy Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday, $1.20 a Month: when 6 /'rrrvrmc!
Sunday*. $1.30. Night Final Edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month. ® X O
REDS REPORTED PREPARING TO FLEE CHINJU
-
Clark Leading
Senator Taylor
In Idaho Vote
Robins Trails Welker
In G. 0. P. Race;
Dworshak Wins
By th# Associated Pre*»
BOISE. Idaho, Aug. 9 —Former
Senator D. Worth Clark forged
ahead of Senator Glen H. Taylor
early today in a close battle for
Idaho’s Democratic nomination
for a six-year term in the United
States Senate.
Climaxing a torrid campaign
which reached every corner of the
State, returns from yesterday’s
primary election showed Mr. Clark
pulling away from Senator Taylor
after running almost neck and
neck.
With 675 of the State's 839
precincts reported, unofficial re
turns gave Mr. Clark 23,882 and
Senator Taylor 22.427 votes. The
third aspirant, veteran Congress
man Compton I. White, trailed
With 13.041.
The Nation watched the out
come of the primary as an indi-!
cation of the State's reaction to
Senator Tayior—a guitar-strum
ming former-cowboy singer who
ran for Vice*President on Henry
Wallace's Progressive Party ticket
In 1942.
Linked to Red Fronts.
Mr. Clark accused Senator Tay
lor of associating with Com-,
munist-front organizations — and
Senator Taylor denied it during!
the campaign.
Senator Taylor also is a vig
orous supporter of the proposed
Columbia Valley Authority, which
is a top issue in the Pacific
Northwest and power and irriga
tion-conscious Idaho.
In the Republican race, the two
opponents of Senator Dworshak
conceded his nomination for the
four-year Senate term. The two
were Abe McGregor Goff, former j
Representative from Moscow.!
Idaho, and Fentress Kuhn, a Boise
businessman. The vote from 646
precincts gave Senator Dworshak
29.908, Mr. Goff 16,106 and Mr.!
Kuhn 5.208.
Herman Welker a State Sen-;
ator had an early lead for the
Republican nomination for the j
six-year Senate term.
With 628 precincts in, the re
turns gave Gov. C. A. Robins!
14.286; Representative John San
born. 15,461, and Welker, 18.788.
Repetition of '44 Fight.
The Taylor-Clark contest was a
repetition of their 1944 fight when
Senator Taylor finally came out
winner by 216 votes—two weeks
after the election w’hen the official
canvass was made.
Claude Burtenshaw. Ricks Col
lege professor, took an early lead
for the Democratic nomination for
the four-year Senate term and
held his advantage in the five
way contest.
The vote in 603 precincts was
Burtenshaw, 14,366; F. M. Bist-:
line, former Democratic national
committeeman. 9,081: Edwin M.
Holden, former Supreme Court
Justice, 11,730; Robert L. Summer
field, Twin Falls jeweler, 11,465,
and Mrs. La Vera Swope, Boise,
businesswoman, 6,310.
Another close race developed
between Mrs. Gracie Pfost, Can
yon County treasurer, and State
Senator Harry Wall of Lewiston
for the Democratic congressional
nomination in the 1st District.
The vote in 325 of the district’s
371 precincts was Mrs. Pfost,
11.031: Mr. Wall, 10.426: Burnis
Birgham, Genesee farmer, 2.998
For the Republican nomination
in the same district Dr. John T.
Wood of Coeur d'Alene polled
9.563 votes and B. E. Lewis, St.,
Marie's Mayor, 7.842, in 319 pre
cincts.
Homer Budge, Boise attorney,
led for the Republican nomina
tion for Congress in the 2d Dis
(See PRIMARY, Page A-6.)
---
GE Ready to Double
World War II Output
By the Associated Press
, SCHENECTADY, N. Y., Aug.
8-—The huge General Electric Co.
is ready to double its World War
II production rate in the event of
all-out national mobilization.
President Charles E. Wilson said
yesterday that GE had accelerated
its mobilization planning because
of the Korean fighting. He added
that the company now was
geared more effectively for war
production than at any time in
its peacetime history.
About 20 per cent of GE’s cur
rent business is defense work, Mr.
Wilson said. He reported that
some defense contracts had been
increased since the start of the
Korean war. Details were not
revealed for security reasons.
Mr. Wilson said GE had ex
panded from 61 to 115 plants
since 1941, and now had about
180,000 workers. About half that
number were employed before the
last war.
Lone Airman Drops From Sky,
Boards Batory 100 Miles at Sea
U. S. Pushes Inquiry; Coast Guard Declines
Action, With No Life-Saving Involved
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK. Aug. 9—The
Polish motorship Batory, watched
with a gimlet eye by Uncle Sam
during three days in port, was en
route to Poland today with a
surprise passenger.
He was picked up by the vessel
nearly 100 miles at sea yesterday
from a seaplane he had rented
from a Hackensack tN. J.) firm
and which he had brought down
on the sea.
The Batory's skipper radioed
the Coast Guard to come get him.
But the Coast Guard replied its
business was saving lives.
The Batory said the lone air
man who settled his seaplane
near the ship gave the name of
Guillermo San Sebastian, a tour-,
ist from Mexico City.
But in Hackensack a spokesman
for the Tombross Seaplanes Co.
said its only missing plane, a
Piper cub, was rented by a man
who gave the name of "Mr. New
ton’’ of New York. He rented it
for a 15-minute flight, the spokes-1
man said, then disappeared over
the horizon. The firm reported
the plane stolen.
The airman told the Batory
’ skipper he was lost and out of
fuel.
The Immigration and Natural
ization Service said today it was
investigating the incident. The
line had informed officials about
it last night, a spokesman said.
Last Friday the Batory became
the first Iron Curtain country ves
sel subjected to the new close
security check in New York Har
bor. Ever since Gerhard Eisler,
German Communist, jumped bail
and escaped on the Batory in
May, 1949. she* has been under
close surveillance here.
But this time the watch was
even stricter. All visitors to the
vessel were checked by customs
agents.
The immigration service was
described as particularly anxious
to learn why the flyer had landed
close to the Batory when there
w'ere other ships in the vicinity
and why he»gave his name as San
Sebastian although the plane was
rented in the name of Newton.
In Washington, both the Justice
and State Departments were pur
suing active inquiries into the
incident, but refused comment im
mediately.
U. S. Payment to D. C.
Reduced $1.2 Million
By Joint Conferees
Economy Advocates
In House Score Point,
Citing War Expenses
By Don S. Warren
House and Senate conferees to
day agreed to cut the Federal
payment to the District for this
year by $1.2 million.
The action, taken in one brief
meeting, represented a victory/or
economy advocates in the House.
The House originally had re
duced the lump sum payment
from $12 million to $10.8 million
but the Senate in its action on
the omnibus appropriation bill
had restored it to the full $12
million.
Increase Provided by Law.
The conferees acted in the face
of the 1947 District Revenue Act
which fixed the Federal share at
$12 million. The increase in the
Federal payment to this figure
was ordered in legislation which
laid heavy new taxes on residents.
Some of the conferees, it was
reported, argued that to reduce
the Federal share would con
stitute a “breach of faith,” but
they lost their fight. The war
in Korea furnished a persuasive
argument for all possible domestic
economies, members said.
Further, members said, the re
port of the conferees would de
clare that the cut was “not a
precedent.”
Beginning of Series.
Also, there were arguments that
while the Federal payment wras
fixed at $12 million in the 1947
tax act, this did not really
amount to basic law, but was an
authorization subject to change.
This wras the beginning of what
may be a tedious series of con
ferences between the two bodies
over their many differences in the
big budget bill for the Federal
agencies
The Federal payment to the
District is contained in the first
chapter of this bill, although the
spending program for the city is
outlined in a separate bill, already
enacted into law.
Bag With Atomic Data
Is Reported Stolen
By tht Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 9. — Scotland
Yard hunted today a large brown
suitcase containing atomic secrets
which reportedly was stolen yes
terday from an American scientist
aboard a train.
Scotland Yard was silent, othei
. than to say it was looking for the
j suitcase. The British press saic
[the suitcase contained a briefcase
filled with atomic information.
Owner of the case variously was
reported to be an American named
Frank Greenleaf, F. W. Greentree;
and Frank Miller Greenlees.
“We’ve never heard of him,’
said a spokesman at the American
Embassy.
(In Washington the Atomic
Energy Commission said today
there was nothing to indicate
i that any of its secret docu
ments had been lost on a train
in England.!
The suitcase reportedly was
taken from a first class compart
ment on the London to Blackpool
train. The owner stepped out of
the compartment for a few min
utes. When he returned, it was
gone.
The British Press Association
said the man worked for the Sup
ply Ministry’s atomic energy re
I search establishment at Risley.
One-Year Limit Put
On Control Powers
By House Committee
Other Provisions Follow
Senate Bill; Vote Due
Today or Tomorrow
By J. A. O'Leary
The House Banking Committee
voted today to put a one-year
time limit on the broad discre
tionary price, wage and rationing
powers both houses now appear
likely to give President Truman.
The Senate Banking Committee
has recommended the home front
control bill remain in force for
two years.
With this one basic difference
between the two branches, the
House was ready to resume debate
on the issue this afternoon where
it left off Friday.
Administration leaders would
like to pass the bill late today
but admitted it may take until
tomorrow. The Senate is to begin
floor action tomorrow.
Passage Likely Within Week.
The House and Senate Banking
Committees now are in substantial
agreement on a bill which would
give President Truman the free
hand he insisted on to decide when
and to what extent prices and
wages should be regulated, and
when rationing of scarce articles
should be applied.
In both the House and Senate
these committee decisions are
subject to possible change, but all
indications are Congress will send
the President a descretionary bill
within a week.
The first thing the House did
today was to defeat again the plan
of Representative McKinnon,
Democrat, of California, which
would have required Mr. Truman
to begin applying price and wage
controls when the cost of living
rises five per cent above June 15.
This cleared the track for House
approval later today or tomorrow
of the discretionary bill.
Mr. McKinnon indorsed the dis
cretionary bill as finally worked
out in committee this morning,
and asked the House to reject his
own plan, which the President op
posed when it was tentatively
agreed to last week.
Even with the McKinnon plan
(See CONTROLS, Page A-6.)
Fall Injures Lineman
Carl L. Bullard, 47, of 1911 C
j street N.E. was injured seriously
today when he fell 18 feet from an
electric light pole at Benning road
and E street N.E. He is in Cas
ualty Hospital with spine injuries.
| Mr. Bullard is employed by the
Utilities Line Construction Co.
Democrats Plan
New Legislation
On Subversives
Senate Policy Unit
Agrees to Use
Truman Suggestions
The Senate Democratic Policy
Committee today decided on a new
and overall bill dealing with sub
versives and security.
Senate Majority Leader Lucas
announced this decision after a
Text of Truman Subversive Mes
sage. Page A-9
meeting of the committee to con
sider President Truman's request
for legislation during this session
to cover loopholes in exising law.
“We're having a bill prepared
taking in all suggestions of the
President as well as some of the
suggestions made up here," Sena
tor Lucas said.
He added that no decision had
been reached on whether the new
measure would be offered as a
substitute for the Mundt-Fergu
son bill dealing with the problem.
President Truman, in his message
yesterday asking for legislation on
the subject, by implication criti
cized the Mundt-Ferguson bill.
Flaying Politics Charged.
Members of both praties were
maneuvering, meanwhile, to get
their owm versions before the
Senate. Each side charged the
other w'ith playing politics.
In the House two committees
were in a race to get to the floor
first with legislation.
Led by Senators Ferguson of
Michigan and Mundt of South
Dakota, Republicans talked over
parliamentary plans to force
action oh then- bill.
Chairman Celler, of the House
Judiciary Committee said he will
begin work immediately to put
the President’s ideas into legisla
tive form, and that he hopes to
begin public hearings next week.
But the House Committee on Un
American Activities already has
held extensive public hearings on
proposals to curb Communism.
Chairman Wood said he hopes to
have a bill ready before the end
of this week. That committee
was meeting today.
Wood Proposal Explained.
There was speculation that a
bill by Mr. Wood himself might
form the basis for the committee
bill. This -proposal would make
it unlawful for a member of the
Communist Party to work for the
Government or to hold a job con
nected with defense production.
It presumably would be broad
ened to include at least some
features of a controversial meas
ure sponsored by Representative
Nixon. Republican, of California,
and generally referred to as the
Mundt-Nixon bill. But by using
Wood's bill as a starting basis,
the Democratic majority of the
committee would be getting away
from a Republican label.
Would Register Spies.
Mr. Truman left no doubt he
was talking about the Mundt
Ferguson bill in the Senate when
he said that measures proposing
to “impose severe penalties for
normal political activities on tne
part of certain groups, including
Commtinists and Communist-line
followers” may do more harm than
good.
Asserting that “We must not be
swept away by a wave of hysteria,”
Mr. Truman called in a message
read to both houses for:
1. An extended statute of limi
tations (now three years) on
peacetime espionage.
2. Registration of foreign
trained spies and subversives.
3. Broader presidential author
ity to fix security regulations on
military bases and defense estab
lisnments.
4. Authority for the Attorney
General to supervise aliens sub
ject to deportation, especially
(See SUBVERSIVES, Page A-4.)
Reds Use Women and Children
To Prevent Bombing of Troops
By tit* Associated Press
TOKYO, Aug. 9.—United States
Marine pilots reported today that
North Koreans are using women
and children to prevent bombing
of some Communist troop concen
trations.
Leatherneck airmen said when
they flew over some villages where
the enemy is known to be assem
bling, the streets were teeming
with women and children.
• No men or troops could be seen.
They presumably were concealed
in houses.
The Marines said they refrained
from bombing these areas for fear
of inflicting heavy casualties on
non-combatants.
The carrier-based Leathernecks’
first strikes this week were along
the flaming southern front. They
were supporting ground troops
attacking to stop the Red drive
on Pusan, last-ditch supply port.
They hit machine-gun positions,
artillery and mortar emplacement
and troops, as well as tanks and
transport. Fliers estimated that in
one attack Monday they knocked
out 40 trucks, two tanks and start
ed large fires at Chinju and Tan
dong.
An air war summary released
by Gen. MacArthur’s headquarters
said B-29s struck key rail yards at
Pyongyang as well as important
bridges on rail lines and highways
channeling war material to the
Reds on the fighting fronts.
Twin-engine B-26 light bombers
lashed out in a heavy foray against
the Communist-lield seaport of
Inchon. They dropped 32 half-ton
bombs on industrial and dock in
stallations in a daylight assault.
11 HEADQUARTERS *
DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL COMMITTEE
WAR OR
NO WAR...
BOSS... WEVE
CURED THE
HOUSING
.SHORTAGE'
Taft Asks Tax Boost
Of $13 Billion Yearly
To Finance Rearming
Pay-as-You-Go Plan
Would Raise U. S. Levies
To Record $50 Billion
By the Associated Press
Senator Taft. Republican, of
Ohio, proposed today a $13 billion
to $14 billion a year Increase in
taxes, to put the Korean war and
America’s rearmament program
on a pay-as-you-go basis.
This would increase the an
nual tax load to about $50 billion,
far above the previous $44.2 billion
record top in 1945, the last year
of World War II. The Treasury
has estimated tax collections this
year, under present rates, at $36.2
billion.
Senator Taft described Presi
dent Truman's $5 billion tax
boosting measure, now under con
sideration by the Senate Finance
Committee, as “merely a stopgap.”
with heavier taxes to come later
Meanwhile, Secretary of the
Treasury Snyder said at a news
conference that a comprehensive
tax plan will be sent to Congress
in January and “it will certainly
include some type of tax to pre
vent undue War profits.”
Knows of No Plan Now.
Mr. Snyder said he has no per
sonal knowledge of any immedi
ate plan to submit an excess
profits tax, but said the President
has made it known he will move
at the proper time to prevent un
due w-ar profits.
In suggesting his pay-as-you-go
plan, Senator Taft emphasized
that not all the increased tax
collections' would be by raising
rates. He said a large part of
the increase will come from a
broad expansion of the economy
in the rearmament program.
“No one likes to increase taxes,”
the chairman of the Senate Re
publican Policy Committee said,
“but today there appears to be no
alternative in view of the mess in
which we find ourselves through
out the world and the strong posi
tion in which our policy has
placed the Russian Communists.
"The President is asking $10
billion more for the armed forces
and, in view of the world situa
tion, it looks as if we would have
to spend at the rate of at least
$25 billion on our own forces for
a number of years.
Increase Estimated.
“Military aid to foreign coun
tries is now requested at the rate
of $4 billion and other expenses
incidental to preparedness cer
tainly means a gross increase of
$15 billion.
“Savings in domestic expenses
are even more important now, but
it is hard to see how much savings
could exceed $5 billion a year.
That means that we face a net
increase of $10 billion in our Gov
ernment expense, giving us an an
1 nual expenditure, when we get
going of $50 billion.”
“There is no reason at all why
a tax system should not be devised
to meet our present expenses as
we see them now.
Chairman George of the Senate
Finance Committee spoke out
strongly against consideration now
of an excess profits tax. He said
conditions may justify one later,
but it can’t be effective before 1951
even if paseed now—“unless we
want to throw a monkey wrench
into the economy.”
Marines' Battle for Korean Hill
'Worse Than Tarawa' to Some
Many Collapse From Heat and Exhaustion;
Water Lost as Cans Dropped by Planes Burst
By Keyes Beech
Foreign Correspondent of The Star and
the Chicago Daily Newt
WITH THE UNITED STATES
MARINES ON THE SOUTH
WEST KOREAN FRONT. Aug. 9.
—The hill is nameless but not the
Marines who died to take it.
Some said it was "worse than
Tarawa or Iwo.” Some said it
wasn't. But that isn’t very im
portant.
What is important is that the
Marines have taken their first as
signed objective of the Korean
war. They are holding it under
machine gun and mortar fire as
this is written in a battalion com
mand post in a clump of trees
1,000 yards to the rear.
More wounded came into the
aid station a few minutes ago.
One had most of his face shot
away.
The Marines went up the hill,
sheer and precipitous—yesterday
morning. They met the Army
coming down, happy and deserv
ing of relief after four days of
concentrated hell.
"They opened up on us with
Brazing fire the minute we rc-chcd
the top of the hill.” said Pfc. How
ard M. Varner, 19. Danville, 111
"You cannot stand up under fire
like that, grazing along at you
about knee high,” said Pvt. Var
ner. “Our company commander
was among the first to get hit.
“He saw the lieutenant get hit
so he went up and tried to drag
(See MARINES. Page A-4.)
3,000 Gas Stations
On Strike in Jersey
To Halt Price War
Police Alerted Against
Possible Violence; Minor
Disturbances Reported
By tht Associated Press
NEWARK, N. J., Aug. 9.—About
3,000 gasoline stations went on
a week-long shutdown strike to
day and police were alerted
against possible violence in the
fight to halt a New Jersey “price
war.”
Flying squads of strikers, mem
bers of the Nev/ Jersey Gasoline
Retailers Association, checked on
stations still open. “Shock troops”
were dispatched to persuade non
co-operating dealers to join the
shutdown.
State Police Supt. Charles H.
Schoeffel ordered State police
road commanders on the alert. He
called for immediate reports
“should it be necessary to take
police action in any incidents in
volving disorder, particularly
where violence occurs.”
There were isolated reports of
minor disturbances. One inde
pendent station In Passaic, N. J.,
was blockaded.
Few stations remained open in
the metropolitan North Jersey
area. Those that did were doing
a landslide business.
The strike was decided on at a
mass meeting of the gas retailers
association at Trenton yesterday.
Association leaders said they
wanted to halt the present down
ward price trend which they
blamed on the Sun Oil Co. Prices
have dropped an average of 4
cents a gallon.
The Sun Oil Co. said it had
cut its prices to meet the com
petition of an independent brand
dealer. Sun owns five stations in
New Jersey and has 900 others in
the State selling its products.
Ezio Pinza Injured
As Horse Throws Him
By the Associated Press
MONTEREY, Calif., Aug. 9.—
Singing Star Ezio Pinza was
thrown from his horse and
dragged a short distance yester
day.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios
said he suffered badly bruised
legs. X-rays were to be taken.
Mr. Pinza is here making a
movie. The accident occurred a
mile from the spot where Greer
Garson nearly drowned on loca
tion last year.
Truman Gets Report
From Harriman on
Korea War Situation
Meeting Lasts 25 Minutes;
Presidential Aid Praises
Fighting of South Koreans
W. Averell Harriman, presiden
tial assistant, returned today from
a brief mission to Tokyo and after
seeing President Truman told a
reporter that “there is confidence
on the part of Gen. MacArthur
and his troops" of ultimate vic
tory in Korea.
Mr. Harriman left here last
Friday in company with Lt. Gen.
Lauris Norstad, acting deputy
chief of staff for air, and Maj.
Gen. Frank A. Lowe, to confer
with Gen. MacArthur on what
President Truman described as
political affairs affecting the Far
East.
Mr. Harriman would not dis
cuss this phase of his trip today
on arrival but was expected to
have something to say at a news
conference later in the day.
At the 25-minute meeting with
the President, Mr. Harriman said
he told him of his conversation
with Gen. MacArthur and of his
own observations on a visit to the
(See HARRIMAN, Page A-4.)
Beauty Shop Maid
Dives Through Door
To Escape Dummy
A ghastly ghostly figure slumped
in a chair convinced Mrs. Carrie
Bain, 23, colored, that she had
reported for work too early in a
downtown beauty parlor this
morning, so she left—right
through a plate glass door.
At Emergency Hospital, where
she was treated for cuts on her
face, arms and legs, police told
Mrs. Bain, who resides at 1212 U
street N.W., that the frightening
figure was made of pillows and a
wig. Fellow workers at Carl’s
Beauty Salon, 607 Twelfth street
N.W., explained they built the
dummy to frighten one of the
beauty operators. They wanted
to make her believe she had left
one of her customers behind when
the shop closed. They left a note
for Mrs. Bain, a maid, explaining
the purpose of the dummy and
asking her not to disturb it.
Mrs. Bain did not see the note. |
but she left the dummy undis-j
turbed. i
Enemy Retreats
On Western and
Southern Fronts
1). S. Patrols Drive
Within Seven Miles
Of Wrecked City
By the Associated Pros*
TOKYO, Thursday, Aug. 10.^.
North Koreans today retreated be
fore American ohslaughts on the
Southern and Western fronts and
pilots said the enemy was prepar
ing to flee his southern base at
Chinju.
American patrols were only
seven miles east of that bomb
wrecked city 55 miles west of the
main supply port of Pusan.
Chinju is the apparent objective
of a United States counteroflen
sive on the south coast.
Gen. MacArthur’s war summary
said American forces farther
south had run into heavy oppo
sition in their attempt to trap
North Korean troops by linking
up with the main body east of
Chinju.
ims pincers southeast o: cmnju
last was reported within seven
miles of closing.
Gains Average Three Miles.
Gains averaging about three
miles were reported along the
southern front.
The summary, covering fight
ing of the last 24 hours, said two
enemy battalions—possibly 1,600
men—supported by tanks were
“eliminated’’ from one bridgehead
on the Naktong River.
But the enemy still was trying
to breach the river line, which
protects Taegu, front line city and
refugee South Korean capital 55
miles northwest of Pusan.
The enemy was putting the
pressure along the northern front
—the roof of the shrunken Allied
position in southeast Korea.
South Koreans Withdrawn.
South Koreans were forced to
make a two-mile withdrawal at
1 unspecified points on the northern
Reds Shoot Comrades I
Scrambling to Get
Back Across River
By the Associated Press
UNITED STATES 8th
ARMY HEADQUARTERS IN
KOREA, Aug. 9.—North Ko
rean troops shot down some of
their own comrades today in
a mad scramble back across
the Naktong River.
An 8th Army source said
about 100 Communist soldiers
tried to cross with vehicles.
Th^y were mowed down by
fire from the Red-held west
bank.
sector, the headquarters summary
reported.
The North Koreans also were
building up their forces in the
Yongdok center, on the east coast
end of the front.
In combat ranging from bayonet
attacks to tank-busting, Ameri
can doughboys forced the Reds
to retreat In the deep south.
South Koreans slammed in
vaders back across the Naktong
River on the central front.
U. S. Attacks Gain Momentum.
American attacks in the south
picked up momentum and reeled
the Reds backward toward ruined
Chinju, Communist base.
The 5th Regimental Combat
Team was only seven miles from
a link-up with the 35th Regi
mental Combat Team.
The juncture may trap many
(Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.)
Thom McAn Shoes Upped
Average of 50 Cents Pair
By the Associated Pre»«
NEW YORK, Aug. 9.—Melville
Shoe Corp. today announced an
immediate average increase of 50
cents on shoes in its 562 Thom
McAn stores.
A spokesman for the company
said a few styles will retail at
current prices and one or two
high-cost items will go up $..
Ward Melville, president of the
company, said that since June 25
there has been a substantial in
crease in the costs of leather,
rubber and other materials going
into shoes.
Stories Related
To Page 7 News
Relating to Korea.
Texts of Official Reports on Fight
ing in Korea. Page A-3
Relating to Defense.
Draft Exams Watched as Key to
Future Course. Page B-l
French Say Europe Needs 12 U. S.
and British Divisions. Page A-2
Pentagon Anxious Over Red Threat
to Taegu. Page A-2
Relating to Politics.
Henry Wallace Quits Progressives
over Korean Stand. Page A-7
Relating to Controls.
Symington Picks Advisers on Civil .
Mobilization. Page A-7

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