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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 16, 1950, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Cloudy, possible afternoon shower today;
high 82. Partly cloudy tonight, low near 70.
Tomorrow partly cloudy with possible late
shower. (Pull report on Page A-2.)
Midnight, 71 6 a.m. ...70 11 a.m. —.73
2 a.m. 70 8 a.m. 71 Noon-73
4 a.m._70 10 a.m. ___72 1 p.m. „_76
Lote New York Morke»s. Page A-23.
Guide for Readers
Amusem’ts, A-16-17
Classified —C-4-10
Comics -C-12-13
Crossword _C-12
Edit’l Articles_..A-9
Finance -A-23
Lost and Found, A-3
Woman’s Sect., B-3-6
An Associated Press Newspaper
98th Year. No. 228. Phone ST. 5000 ★★
City Home Delivery. Deity and Sunday. *1.30 a Month: when * ar r]T7]'VTG
Sundays, *1.30. Night Final Edition, *1.30 and *1.40 per Month. *• J
Knowland Insists
Reds Quit Korea
Before U. N. Talk
Bipartisan Bloc Calls
Senate Conference on
World Police Force
Senator Knowland. Republican,
of California, urged in the Senate
today that the United States insist
on withdrawal of the Red Ko
reans to the 38th parallel before
any plan for having the six lit
tle nations on the United Nations
Security Council consider peace
The California Senator said he
had reference to a plan India is
considering for discussion in the
Security Council tomorrow.
Meanwhile, Senator Sparkman,
Democrat, of Alabama, called an
afternoon bi-partisan conference
of Senators interested in the
legislation to promote plans for
an international police force in
the U. N.
Senator Sparkman said Commu
nist aggression in Korea has dem- j
onstrated the need for speedy es-,
tablishment of a mobile police j
force capable of stemming any;
aimilar attack in Europe or else
“There could be no better argu
ment then what is happening in
Korea right now for an inter
national contingent of balanced
land, sea and air forces, such as
we have proposed that the United
Nations set up,” Senator Spark-1
man added.
Stassen Calls for Action.
One of the demands for speedier
mobilization came from Harold E.
Stassen. former Governor of Min
nesota and now president of the
University of Pennsylvania, in a
radio address last night.
Mr. Stassen said the United
States should put Russia qn no
tice that if it sponsors further
aggression by its satelite coun
tries it will be starting World War
III and that “we and our asso-1
ciates in the United Nations In-1
tend to finish it. in due time,;
against the Kremlin itself.”
He emphasized that he was not
suggesting a preventive war, but
was urging this country to pre
pare itself for a world conflict in
the event of further aggressions.
$35 Billion Outlay Urged.
“If the persistent ruthless ac
tions of others make a world fight
unavoidable.” he added, “a ready,
alert, wise Uncle Sam must move
directly into the main fight.”
To prepare for this Mr. Stas
sen said the United States must ;
spend $35 billion or more in mili
tary prepardness for several years1
to come. Requests this year al
ready total $31 billion with in
dications that more is to come.
"Thus we must turn our atten
tion to how we can do this job
and yet not so overextend or dam
age our own economy as to 'cause
our own crash at home if no
war comes,” he added.
"In other words, we must be
prepared to fight a world war and
also be prepared to remain sound
and strong at home if no war
Truman Criticized Again.
Among his suggestions were:
1. Increased taxes “of all types
upon everyone” to raise a mini
mum additional $10 billions 9
year in revenue.
2 Reinstatement of credit I
3. Stand-by price and wage
4. A special emergency agency
divorced from politics, t< admin
ister such controls as may be
As other Republicans have
done, Mr. Stassen criticized the
Truman administration for what
he described as a "series of tragic
major mistakes” in foreign policy
over the last five years
"This administration of our
country has sown so many pink
aeeds that now the American
people must reap a red wnirl
wind,” he declared. “I do believe
that history will adjudge our
country’s administration in these
five years to be one of the most
incompetent in our Nation’s life
In the larger sphere of foreign
policy, Mr. Stassen called for an
Asiatic economic program with
reductions at the same time in
Marshall plan aid for Europe and
cuts in non-defense spending at
Mr. Stassen’s suggestion for a
direct warning to Russia was re
ceived cautiously by members of
Congress and most of them did
not want to comment publicly.
However, Senator Smith, Republi
can, of New Jersey, a member of
the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, said the proposal “is
worth exploration.”
Finnish Quadruplets Born
HELSINKI, Finland, Aug. 16 (JP).
—Quadruplets were born last night
prematurely to 27-year-old Mrs.
Olivia Ritola of Kristinestad. The
four babies, two boys and two
girls, were strong and healthy.
The doctor said there was a good
chance they will all survive.
> i
Naming Daughter
Of Elizabeth Now
Pet British Sport
Suggestions Pour In,
Including Numerous
Victorias and Marys
By th« Associated Pres*
LONDON, Aug. 16.—Happy
Britons had a favorite new guess-'
ing game today—naming their |
new princess.
A 6-pound girl was born yes
terday to Princess Elizabeth, first
in the line of succession to the
British throne. Attending doc
tors reported last night that both
mother and daughter were doing
The newest member of Britain’s
royal family is the second child
of 24-year-old Elizabeth and her
naval officer husband. Prince
Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Their
son, Prince Charles, is 21 months
Britons shelved their usual re
serve to cheer the new baby and
toast her health. Royal salutes
of 41 guns were fired in Hyde
Park and by Royal Navy ships.
From the ancient gray battle
ments of the Tower of London a
52-gun salute boomed.
The bells of Westminster Abbey
pealed for a full hour, and those
of St. Paul’s Cathedral rang out
tor 45 minutes in her honor.
There was no indication that
(See BABY. Page A-5.)
France's Will to Resist
Russia Sagging Under
U. S. Reverse in Korea
American Officials Press
For 5 Troop Divisions
To Bolster Morale
ly lh« Associated Pross
PARIS, Aug. 16.—American of
ficials in France are pressing
Washington for a solid promise
of aid to Europe in the form of
United States troops to build up
badly sagging West European
Their proposals are doubled
1. The United States should de
liver at once, or promise to deliver
quickly, at least five more divis
ions on European soil.
2. A commander, preferably
American, should be appointed to
unify present undirected efforts
at rearmament.
The same officials believe Britain
also should agree’ now, to send
five more of its own divisions to
Germany or Northern France.
The crisis in Korea has brought
the American position in France
to a low point. The first blush of
gratification at American inter
vention in Korea has been suc
ceeded by a wave of dismay at
United States reverses.
V. S. Determination Hardens.
The French long have expected
the strength of American arms—
especially the atom bomb—to give
them time to get well from the
last war, and to rearm.
Americans newly arrived on this
side of the Atlantic report that
the defeats in Korea have hard
ened American determination to
re-arm and,' if necessary, to be
ready for a showdown with Rus
There has been no such reaction
in France. Top French govern
ment officials are facing the prob
lem to a degree that generally is
pleasing to American observers.
But a sampling of sentiment
among the French population,
brings no such responses.
The lack of a “will to fight,”
such as resulted in the French
collapse of 1940, is in evidence
again. Many Frenchmen solemn
ly weigh these alternatives:
Would another war be worse
than simply to sit down and wait
to be occupied by the Russians?
Or would it be better to try to
take a neutral course in the hope
that Russia would not march into
It staggers Americans to hear
Frenchmen they have known for
(Continued on Page A-5, Col. 1.)
Thailand's Offer
Of 4,000 Troops
Accepted by U.S.
U. N. Force May Be
First Allied Infantry
To Enter Korea War
The United States today ac
cepted Thailand's offer of 4,000
ground troops to join the fighting
in Korea.
Defense Secretary Johnson said
that Thailand’s troops may be the
first United Nations ground forces
to join American and South Ko- j
rean forces.
The announcement came after
a conference of Mr. Johnson and
the Ambassador of Thailand,
Prince Wan Waithayakon, in the
Pentagon. Mr. Johnson said dis
cussions had been going on be
tween Thailand's representatives
here and at the headquarters of!
Gen. MacArthur in Tokyo for
several days and that the offer
was accepted yesterday.
Mr. Johnson said that he,was
“very happy that Thailand's
ground forces were joining our
forces.’’ and the Ambassador
commented that “my people at
home will welcome your remarks
as evidence of good will.”
Says Aggression Must Be Stopped
"Thailand’s troops will be used
to defend the cause of peace, free
dom and justice," the Ambassador
declared. “Aggression must be
stopped in Korea or anywhere
else or otherwise every small na
tion will fall.”
Secretary Johnson said that
Thailand's ground forces were
the “type of contribution to the
cause” which the United Nations
armies need.
He added that the Tailand
troops would be “welcomed by the
Americans fighting in Korea and
that the American forces will be
proud to have them fighting side
by side.”
There was no estimate as to
when the 4,000 Thailand ground
troops would join the American
and South Korean forces other
than Mr. Johnson’s remark that
they would probably be the first
to arrive.
Aid Is of Type Needed.
It has been no secret that high
military officials here have been
greatly concerned about the lack
heretofore of ground force con
tributions to the United Nations
cause in Korea. Officials have
pointed out that such aid was
needed now and that it was ex
pected that such forces would be
initially equipped and supplied
| upon arrival at the battle front.
Later the United States will take
over the job of supplying and
equipping the United Nations
I forces.
There have been offers by sev
eral other United Nations coun
tries including Great Britain,
Australia, New Zealand and
Turkey. Britain is expected to
send some'5,000 to 6,000 troops,
and along with other British Com
monwealth nations, a full United
Kingdom division eventually is
expected to participate in the
Bomber Ditched at Sea;
Crew Reported on Rafts
By the Associated Press
QUARTERS, Korea, Aug. 16.—A
United States Navy Neptune patrol
bomber ditched in the Yellow Sea
today off Ongjin, northwest of
Seoul. The crew was reported
afloat in rubber rafts. A Neptune
usually carries a crew of seven.
A Grumman amphibious rescue
plane with escorting Mustang
fighters was dispatched on a res
cue mission.
An American destroyer 40 miles
away also sped to the rescue.
Bolt Kills 5 Shepherds
TUNIS, Tunisia, Aug. 16 (A*).—
Five Tunisian shepherds took ref
uge in a haystack during a storm
yesterday. All were killed when
lightning struck the stack.
Old Maids Have Day at Last
And Texas Town Showers Gifts
By the Associated Press
DENTON, Tex., Aug. 16.—Den
ton rolled out the carpet for the
old maids—and they giggled and
joked about their spinster hood—
and loved it!
“Bless their hearts, why didn’t
somebody think of this before,”
one man remarked.
It was an old maid who thought
about it. The idea took hold. The
Mayor proclaimed yesterday as
Old Maid’s Day. Merchants gave
free corsages, free movies, free
taxicab transportation, free sham
poos all during the day. The Den
ton Record Chronicle gave a tea.
Unashamedly, the old maids ad
mitted their emphasis was on
“Everybody and everything has
a special day except an old maid,”
said Miss Dorothy Babb, Latin in
structor at North Texas State
College in Denton. “In my adult
lifetime I estimate that I have
spent not less than $1,500 on
bridal and baby showers and wed
ding gifts and never even got a
birthday present—because old
maids don’t have birthdays.”
Miss Babb, who will admit her
spinsterhood but not her age, was
the one who started it all.
Backing her up was a bunch of
old maid schoolteachers going to
summer school at Denton’s two
colleges—North Texas and Texas
State College for Women.
But the men changed their
names — “Glamor Gals” they
called the 150 self-admitted spin
sters who came to the tea at the
country club.
Everybody wanted to meet Miss
Babb, m a ruffled green dress
and big brown picture hat, and
“especially shake her hand.”
Senate Investigators
Study 'New Leads'
On Wire-Tapping
Late Senator Bailey
Was Victim in 1945,
Pepper Declares
By Don S. Warren
Senators investigating wire-tap
ping here were following up “new
leads” today on who listened to
what and why in a bizarre variety
of cases, as the probers prepared
for the first public hearing to
Among the latest reports being
checked by the Pepper subcom
mittee of the Senate District
Committee were those alluding to:
1. The reported wire-tapping of
the telephone of the late Sen
ator josiah W. Bailey. Democrat,
of North Carolina, during his
1945 fight against a monopoly
overseas airplane subsidy plan.
2. Metropolitan Police Depart
ment suspicion that one of its
own members indulged in wire
tapping in 1944 to beat regularly
assigned police to the so-called
solution of a $61,000 theft of an
tique jewels.
3. An alleged “contact” between
wire-tapping Washington police
and the 1947 War Investigating
Committee of the Senate, involv
ing a mysterious and still missing
witness sought by the District
grand jury, who may be sub
poenaed to appear before the
Pepper subcommittee.
Woman in the Case.
On top of this, Senator Pepper,
Democrat, of Florida, last night
spoke of a “woman in the case.”
Then, having aroused the curi
osity of reporters, he said he re
gretted he could not say more “at
this time.”
In this last mentioned case, it
was presumed Senator Pepper
was referring to "a girl from
Florida,” who last week made a
fleeting appearance before the
grand jury investigating wire
tapping cases.
In all these cases, according to
closed-hearing testimony related
by Senator Pepper, there was
sworn testimony about the activi
ties of Police Lt. Joseph W.
Shimon, allegedly such an “ace”
wire tapper that he never was
caught in the act.
Focal point in the recent grand
jury wire-tapping probe, he was
left in the clear, as the jury re
turned no true bills last Friday
when a three-year statutory limi
tation period ran out in the so
called Hughes case.
This referred to reported tap
ping of the telephones of Howard
Hughes, West Coast plane builder,
in 1947, while he was here for a
Senate inquiry into his wartime
(Continued on Page A-4, Col. 1.)
Late News
House Votes Ifo Restore
Mail Delivery Service
The House voted today to re
store city mail service to two
deliveries a day. It passed and
sent to the Senate a bill order
ing the Post Office Department
to cancel an April 17 order cut
ting city home deliveries to one
daily and curtailing other serv
ices. A Senate committee has
approved a companion bill.
There is no assurance, though,
that President Truman would
not veto the bill.
Mightiest Air Blow ofWarT urns
Area Into Gigantic Smudge Pot
Reds Appear Stunned and Paralyzed
To Correspondent Aboard Plane
By Hal Boyle
Auociattd Pros War Corropondtnt
16.—A force of 98 B-29 bombers
striking the mightiest air blow
of the Korean war is turning a
26-square-mile target north of
here into a gigantic smudge pot.
That's how it looks from a
grandstand seat in this transport
plane—or as if the earth had part
ed in a sudden volcanic burst.
It is now 12:30 p.m. and the great
Superforts have been coming over
in waves of eight for an hour and
a half. Not one single flak shell
has been thrown up against them
here where ack ack is ordinarily
reported heavy.
The enemy appears stunned and
paralyzed by the shock of the
massive air attack. The bombers,
glinting like sleek swans as they
swim with lazy grace through a
blue sky flecked with light clouds,
have dropped to 7,000 feet now to
unload their bombs—10 tons for
each plane. And still there is no
enemy challenger of any kind.
Somewhere hidden in that in
ferno of smoke, flame and con
cussion below are some 60,000
North Koreans massed for a
knockout blow at Taegu. But to
day they are keeping their heads
As another flight lets go. its
cargo our pilot, Capt. James R.
Young, of Denver, Colo., calls:
"Look—right on the nose!”
As the bombs strike the ground
<See BOYLE, Page A-4.)
Draft to Take 50,000
More in November,
250 From District
By Robert K. Walsh
The draft will take another
50.000 men in November, includ
ing about 250 from the District,
and probably additional thou
sands in later months, selective
service officials estimate.
September and October draft
orders will bring in a total of
100.000 men, 500 from the Dis
trict. Maj. Gen. Louis B. Hershey,
selective service director, in con
gressional committee testimony
made public yesterday, said he
expects a November call within
two weeks.
Meanwhile, as another 100 ihen
from District draft boards 2 and
7 reported for examination at
the Arlington Farms center today,
the Military District of Washing
ton took first steps to fill a Dis
trict quota of 270 Army enlisted
Initial Quota Set.
That initial quota was set yes
terday by 2d Army headquarters
at Fort Meade in announcing that
5,320 enlisted reservists from the
District, Maryland, Virginia and
five other States would be called
up by mid-September.
That 5,320 total is part of a
Nation-wide quota of 62,000 Army
enlisted reservists to be ordered to
active duty in September and Oc
tober. The 2d Army quota for the
two months is 13,012. The re
maining 7,692 in the 2d Army
area will go on active duty in
The Military District of Wash
ington explained today that the
enlisted reservists to be called
here will be In the 19-25 age
group. Men with no dependents
(See DRAFT, Page A-3.)
Core Given Wytheville
Polio Victims Is Told
About 100 children have
been returned to their homes
from the hospital in Wythe
County’s current polio out
break. The effort of the fami
lies and health authorities to
provide them with the care
they need is described today
by George Kennedy in the
fourth of his series of articles
on the Wytheville epidemic on
Page B-l.
U. 5. Lines Hold Better
Than Was Expected,
Military Discloses
By John A. Giles
A top military planner said to
day that United Nations forces
were about two weeks ahead of
the position it was first thought
they would be pushed back to
when the enemy began his all-out
offensive with a surge past Seoul
and then over the Kum River.
Asked about the constantly
growing strength of the enemy
and our situation in the Korean
beachhead, the officer disclosed
the top planners’ original time
He also pointed out that while
the enemy appears to be continu
ing to build up his forces, the
American troops are being
strengthened, too — toward the
time of offensive.
He had high praise for the work
of the Military Sea Transport
Service in moving the men and
weapons to Korea.
The MSTS had 174 ships in its
own fleet and had under charter
(See DEFENSE, Page A-5.1
98 Bombers Unleash
Attack Just Short
Of Atomic Strength
Blast 60,000 Communists
Poised for Naktong Push;
New U. S. Troops Arrive
ly the Associated Press
TOKYO, Thursday, Aug. 17.—Red Korean troops were
reported retreating in panic across the Naktong River yes
terday under bombing of 98 American B-29s.
The bomber smash was probably just short of atomic
explosive power in concentrated effect.
It was aimed at breaking the back of a 60,000-man North Ko
rean offensive build-up along the river.
The air blow came as large-scale reinforcements arrived from
the United States for Negro infantrymen at the front to bolster
the Allied defense of the peninsula.
First reports from observer pilots indicated the B-29s may
have turned the tide with decisive effect for the present.
They saturated a 26-square-mile area with 3,500 quarter-to*
bombs. The area is slightly larger than New York Manhattan
Island. In it was believed to have been the greatest Red forca
yet put together.
The B-29 strike was made on an emergency tactical Dasis.
American soldiers in their foxholes cheered the bombers M
they attacked.
There was evidence that the Reds, in expectation of followup
ground attacks, were trying to blow’ up the Russian-style underwater
tank bridges they had thrown across the Naktong.
Reds Retreat Across River.
Fifth Air Force pilot observers saw the Reds splashing across
the river from the Allied east side to the Communist west bank after
the bomber raid.
Army scouts probing out to see how severely the enemy’s
striking power had been hurt found Communists digging in—appar
ently expecting an Allied ground attack.
Field reports said the South Korean 1st Division followed the
Reds in hot pursuit.
American Army patrol scouts also crossed the Naktong to the
Red side and met little enemy opposition.
United States air observers over the battlefront brought back
the first reports that the Reds were fleeing in terror after the
They fled "in all directions,” one observer said.
Indications were that the Reds backing across the Naktong
for safety were driven out by a combination of air bombings and
South Korean ground attacks.
Pilot observers said the Reds in some areas had thrown away
Red Officer's Jitters
Cost North Koreans
2 Tanks and Crews -
By th« Associated Press
Aug. 16.—A jittery North Korear
tank commander cost his arms
two tanks and the lives of the
crews as well, American observa
tion flyers said today.
Lt. Bill Turner, Dallas, and
Capt. Irving S. Coryell, Atlanta,
were out this afternoon hunting
seven enemy tanks that had
crossed to the Allied side of the
Naktong River.
After three hours they found
five tanks—all knocked out. Then
they spotted a sixth.
It was shelling a north-south
road over which elements of the
United States 1st Cavalry were
trying to advance.
The observers directed fighter
bombers to the spot. One bomb
smashed into the road about 50
yards from the tank, Lt. Turner
and Capt. Coryell said. The tank
whirled around and scuttled back
up the road at high speed for
about four miles.
There it tipped over the lip of
a bomb crater. The seventh en
emy tank was already in the
crater, dug in and waiting for the
Americans. The first one crashed
into its side and their treads
Fighter planes were directed to
the spot. Red crews still were
trying to disentangle the two
It was lost labor. In another
instant both were destroyed.
Open Wounds May Pave Way
For Polio, D. C. Doctor Says
By the Associated Press
A Washington doctor advanced
the theory today that you must
have some kind of a wound in
order to get infantile paralysis.
And, says Dr. James G. Cum
ming, the tendency of children
toward a higher injury rate dur
ing summertime—when they have
full freedom of play—may ac
count for the fact that polio is
more prevalent during the sum
mer months.
He believes that direct damage
to nerve fibers is necessary to al
low the polio virus to invade the
nervous system and produce dis
ease. Dr. Cumming said natural
wounds like the cavities of lost
baby teeth could provide such
He also said tonsillectomies and
other surgical operations, as well
as accidental wounds could dis
rupt these nerve fibers and lay
the nerve system open to attack
provided sufficient virus got into
the wound.
No one previously had advanced
the theory that an^open wound
of some kind is a requisite of polio
It is Dr. Cumming’s theory th^t
the virus of polio is transmitted
from person to person by direct
or indirect contact—and then de
velops on the linings of the mouth,
throat and intestinal canal.
But in this stage, he theorizes
the virus does not produce disease.
It feeds, as a parasite, but re
mains passive. It is only when
nerve fibers become sufficiently
disrupted to enable virus invasion
of the nervous system that disease
can occur, Dr. Cumming suggests.
Dr. Cumming. now retired, was
formerly director of the Bureau
of Preventable Disease, District
Health Department. He set forth
his theory in "The Military Sur
geon,” official publication of the
Association of Military Surgeons
of the United States.
He also said that in the 1945
polio epidemic, a group of 59
patients were investigated to de
termine whether they had had
wounds of any kind prior to com
ing down with polio. Fifty-four
had some type of damage to the
skin, mouth or thro^.,
rifles and packs and taken to the
hills. They seemed dazed and de
moralized, two pilots said.
Hours after the raid observer
pilots saw Red troops retreating
from the area to the north, west
and south of the blazes and smoke
left by the bombers. Many seemed
dazed and demoralized.
Lull in Fighting Follows.
A general lull in the ground
fighting followed the air strike.
A United States 8th Army com
munique issued in Korea at 8:10
p.m. (6:10 a.m. EDT^ said the
battlefront was extremely quiet
except for small local actions.
The bomb load of 875 ton* in
Soldier Five Weeks
In Combat Gets First
Letter From Home
By th« Associated Press
IN KOREA, Aug. 16.—After
five straight weeks of bitter
combat, Pfc. Frederick A.
Corser, 20, of Gregory, Mich.,
received his first letter.
It was an ordef for induc
; tion from his draft board.
effect equalled 30,000 rounds of
; heavy artillery. It left an area
7 Vi by 3<2 miles smoking and
! burning.
American foot patrols crossed
the river to the Communist west
bank to learn the results of the
stunning raid.
They found the Reds digging
into foxholes and apparently ex
pecting an Allied ground attack
to follow the air strike.
The first American patrol wa*
fired on with rifles.
Hal Boyle, Associated Press cor
(Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.)
Stories Related
To Page 1 News
Relating to Korea.
Text of Official Reports on Fight
ing in Korea. Page A-3
8th Army Issues New Security
Guide for Correspondents.
Page A-11
Wounded GI Begs for Death in
Mill Trap. Page A-5
Experts Divided on Meaning of
Pohang’s Fall. Page A-14
Relating to Draft.
Speedy Action Seen on GI Family
Allotments. Page A-17
Relating to Europe.
Last of Richard Wilson Series on
“Is Russia Ready?” Page B-2
British Laborites Try to Block
Churchill Army Plan. Page A-5
Relating to Defense.
Hydrogen Bomb Job Likened to
Building Gun Without Barrel.
Page B-8
Relating to U. N.
India Pursues Peace Plan Without
U. N. Backing. Page A-6
Messages Denouncing Malik
Swamp U. S. Delegation.
Page A-8
Malik Studied Political Sabotage
in Soviet School. Page A-8
U. S. Reported Convinced U. N,
Must Take Over North Korea.
Page ^-28

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