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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 17, 1950, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Cloudy, high in upper 80s today, chance
of evening shower. Cloudy tonight, low 72.
Tomorrow cloudy, cooler. Full report on
Pafe A-2.)
Midnight, 71 6 a.m. —72 11 a.m. —74
2 a.m. —71 8 a.m. —72 Noon-76
4 a.m_71 10 a.m. .--74 1 p.m. .—77
Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-25_
Guide for Readers
After Dark_B-8
Amusements ..A-22
Classified _.C-4-10
Comics_C-12-13
Crossword_C-12
Editorial _A-14
Edit’l Articles, A-15
Finance _A-25
Obituary _A-28
Radio _C-ll
Sports_C-l-4
Woman’s Sect. B-3-6
An Associated Press Newspaper
98th Year. No. 229. Phone ST. 5000 **
WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 1950-SIXTY-FOUR PAGES. SSB&.
Daily and 8unday. $1.20 a Month; when 6 a? /''rrvyTTFC!
■lit Pinal Edition. $1 HO and $1.40 per Month. •* JL O
30.000 KOREAN REDS OPEN ALL-OUT DRIVE
3 Give Details
Of Lt. Shimon's
Wire-Tapping
2 Policemen Tell .
About Assignment
To Job in 1947
By Don S. Worren
Wire tapping operations by Po
lice Lt. Joseph W. Shimon while
he was chief investigator for
United States Attorney George
Morris Fay, today were detailed
by three witnesses at a two-hour
open hearing before a Senate in
vestigating committee.
Two were policemen formerly
assigned to the staff of Lt. Shi
mon and a third was the head
of a recording device concern. The
stories they told paralleled gen
erally their accounts of the same
incidents at earlier and closed
sessions of the committee.
Precinct Detective James G.
Bryant and Pvt. John McHale ap
peared before the Pepper subcom
. mittee to testify they were as
signed in 1947 by Lt. Shimon to
tap the phones of the plane build
er, Howard Hughes, at the May
flower and Carlton Hotels during
a Senate War Investigating Com
mittee inquiry of Mr. Hughes’ war
contracts.
Tells of Loaning Devices.
The third witness, Joseph Tait
of the United States Recording
Co., 1100 block of Vermont ave
nue N.W., said he had many times
in the last 10 years loaned record
ing equipment to Lt- Shimon.
More testimony on his earlier
story that a “strange man” once
placed a $1,000 bill on the desk of
Lt. Shimon at his office at the
courthouse came from Officer Mc
Hale. Pvt. McHale said Lt. Shi
mon had pocketed the bill.
Pvt. McHale said this occurred
in August, 1947, about two days
after the conclusion of the Sen- j
ate inquiry into the Hughes con
tracts.
As the incident was described
by Pvt. McHale, the unidenified
man went into Lt. Shimon’s office
and the door was closed. He was
not in there more than five min
utes and when he came out, the j
witness said, “Lt Shimon came j
over and placed a $1,000 bill on
■ my desk. He then picked up the
$1,000 and inserted it in his wal
let.”
The witness said he did not say
anything, but added, “I was all
eyes.”
Tells of Conservation.
Pvt. McHale also told of a con
versation about payments to Lt.
Shimon with William J. Nolan,
formerly associated with Lt.
Shimon in a used-car business.
He testified that Mr. Nolan had
told him “Shimon never worked
on a wire job and not get at least
$1,000.”
Pvt. McHale said that shortly
before Lt. Shimon went on his
honeymoon, he had heard the of
ficer “at least 20 times” tell real
estate dealers that he had $19,500
in cash for a house.
Senator Darby, Republican, of
Kansas, pressed Pvt. MsHale about
the $1,000 bill matter and the
witness repeated his story, adding:
“I’ll say this: He was always
well heeled.”
Other Hearings To Be Held.
Chairman Neely of the Senate
District Committee asked what
was Lt. Shimon’s motive in dis
playing the $1,000 bill to Pvt. Mc
Hale.
“He was always the braggadocio
type,” Pvt. McHale answered.
He added, “When he placed the
$1,000 on my desk, he was about
to say something but clammed up.
(Continued on Page A-6, Col. 1.)
Russian Indicted
In Atom Spy Plot
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, Aug. 17.—A Fed
eral grand jury today indicted:
Anatoli H. Yakovlev, former Rus-:
sian vice consul in New York, on
espionage conspiracy charges.
Yakovlev, now believed in Rus
sia, was indicted with Mr. and
Mrs. Julius Rosenberg, New York
ers previously arrested by the FBI.
United States Attorney Irving
H. Saypol, who announced the in-1
dictment, said the three conspired
with Harry Gold, confessed atom
spy for Russia; David Greenglass,
Mrs. Rosenberg’s brother, and
Ruth Greenglass, his wife.
The indictment charged that
beginning about November 1,
1944, and up until as recently as
last June 16 the Rosenbergs and
the Russian, also known as
“John,” conspired with the Green
glasses and Gold, and others not
known to the grand jury.
Mr. Saypol said the conspiracy
“in the main centered around a
plot to obtain secretive and classi
fied data and information con
cerning the atom bomb project
at Los Alamos, N. Mex.”
If convicted, the defendants
are subject to the death penalty,
Mr. Saypol said. Gold and the
Greenglasses are named as co
conspirator* but not as defendants.
Truman Urges $120 Million Cut
In Federal Highway Funds
Letter to Chavez Cites Korean Expense;
District Area Projects Involved in Bill
President Truman today urged
Congress to cut $120 million from
the annual Federal-aid highway
program, as the Senate prepared
to vote Tuesday on a $1.24 billion
measure that includes funds for
the District and the Washington
Baltimore parkway.
The President called for the
reduction “in view of the rising
costs of the defense program as
now contemplated.” Increases
proposed by a Senate committee,
he said, would Be “inconsistent
with defense spending needs.”
In a letter to Senator Chavez,
Democrat, of New Mexico, Senate
public works committee chairman,
he wrote:
“I believe it is essential that
the amounts provided in the bill
for the Federal aid program be
reduced at least to the level of
$500 million, originally recom
mended in my budget message,
and that amounts earmarked for
secondary roads be reduced at
least to the level of $150,000 con
tained in the bill passed by the
House.”
The Senate committee has re
ported out a measure proposing
increases totaling $120 million in
National Banks Win
Appeals Test in Battle
Over D. C. Tax Rate
Board Ruling Involves
$600,000 in Claims
By Nine Institutions
Nine national banks In the Dis
trict today won the latest round
in the long tax rate controversy
with District assessing authori
ties.
In a decision involving some
$600,000 in claims by the banks,
the Board of Tax Appeals—of
which Lawrence Koenigsberger is
sole member—ruled the banks are
entitled to be taxed at 4 per cent
of gross earnings, less interest
paid depositors.
The District has been taxing
them at the rate of 6 per cent,
with no deduction permitted for
interest payments.
Both Sides Claim Legal Backing.
The controversy has been going
on for several years. The banks
contended they should be taxed
at the lower rate and the District
insisted on the higher. Each side
asserted it is backed up by court
rulings.
On May 8, the Tax Appeal
Board made findings of fact and
conclusions of law in the cases
of banks other than national
banks, holding they were entitled
to the lower rate.
Today, it reached a similar con
clusion with regard to the Ana
costia National, Columbia Na
tional, Hamilton National, Liberty
National. Lincoln National, Na
tional Capital, National Metro
politan, Riggs National and Sec
ond National Banks.
The cases involved the fiscal
years 1946 through 1950.
District Uncertain on Appeal.
The exact amount to which
each bank is entitled cannot be
stated immediately, Mr. Koenigs
berger said.
Assessor Edward A. Dent said
he did not know yet whether the
District would appeal the decision
of the courts. Similar claims by
the trust companies are pending
before the board.
Some of the appeals ruled on
today involved questions besides
the tax rate. Among these was
whether the assessor rightfully
included in gross earnings fees
received by the banks for ration
banking under OPA, and for cash
ing United States War Savings
bonds; included profits on the
sales of bonds and other securities
without deducting losses on such
sales, and whether the assessor
was right in holding that banks
could not deduct from their gross
earnings the expenses of main
<See BANK TAX, Page A-3.)
the $500 million annual highway
allotment outlay proposed by the
Budget Bureau and the President.
The House bill carries a $570
million figure.
Funds allocated by the Senate
bill to the District of Columbia
for each of the two years are
$3,681,000. This Federal aid is to
be matched by District revenues
on a formula carried in the meas
ure.
For work on the Washington
Baltimore Parkway the Senate
Public Works Committee inserted
a proviso that $3 million should
be available as soon as the high
way bill becomes law.
Administration leaders in the
Senate planned to call up the bill
today, if possible, during a lull in
debate over the 1950 war powers
bill on which the Senate has
agreed to vote Monday.
The President also recommend
ed other changes as follows:
A requirement that Federal aid
funds be limited to the Federal
road system rather than used for
local or county roads which are
not a part of that system.
Retention of the present match
(See H$GHWAY, Page A-5.)
U. S. to Support Prices
Of Major Crops in '51
At 90 Pet. of Parity
Bronnan Decides to Keep
Maximum Props to
Encourage Big Output
By Ovid A. Martin
Associated Press Staff Writer
The Government will support
grower prices of major crops in
1951 at maximum levels permitted
by law.
That level is 90 per cent of
parity. Parity, a standard far
measuring farm prices, is declared
by law to be equally fair to pro
ducers and those who buy their
products.
The Government could drop the
supports to 85 per cent ot parity
next year.
But because of the international
situation, Secretary of Agriculture
Brannan has decided to keep sup
ports high to encourage big crops.
Announcement Due Soon.
First formal announcement of
a 1951 support program may come
within a few days for wheat.
The winter wheat portion of
this grain crop will be seeded in
the fall. Hence, the department
| will announce the support pro
gram soon to encourage increased
] plantings over this year's crop,
j Other crops to be supported at
the 90 per cent parity rate include
| cotton, corn, rice, tobacco and
i peanuts. Formal announcement
of rates for these crops may not
come until after the first of the
year, because they are not planned
until next spring.
Higher Goals Expected.
The current wheat support rate
averages $1.99 a bushel at the
farm. Next year’s rate is likely to
be above $2, because the parity
price probably will be higher.
Parity prices rise and fall with
corresponding changes in prices
farmers pay for goods and services.
In all likelihood, the Govern
ment will set higher production
goals in 1951 for cotton, corn, rice
and peanuts as well as wheat.
It is anxious to maintain reserves
for possible spread of the Korean
war.
This year’s wheat and cotton
crops are falling below govern
ment production goals. But large
reserves from past crops will pro
vide ample supplies until 1951
crops are harvested.
--
Dr. Koo Flying Back Here
TAIPEI, Formosa, Aug. 17 (JP).
—Dr. V. K. Wellington koo left
by plane today for his post in
Washington as Nationalist Chi
nese Ambassador.
Sex Offenders to Be Prohibited
From Forfeiting Cash Collateral
In a move apparently aimed at
a closer check on sex offenders,
the Police Department soon will be
directed by Municipal Court
judges to prohibit collateral for
feitures at the precincts on sex
charges.
This would require persons
charged in such cases to appear in
one of the court’s two prospective
1 agencies for a preliminary hear
|ing.
Either the Corporation Coun
sel’s office or the United States
Attorney’s office then would be
able to decide whether the case
was serious enough to go in court,
or whether it could be dropped
outright or collateral forfeitures
allowed.
The judges also decided at a
| meeting late yesterday to instruct
police to require a $300 cash col
lateral or a $500 bond in sex of
fense cases, it was learned.
Chief Judge George P. Barse
refused to comment on any as
pect of the meeting at the close
of the two-hour session.
It was understood from a re
liable source, however, that Police
Supt. Robert J. Barrett would re
ceive a directive along tnese lines
within a few days.
The move was believed intended
to end the frequent practice
whereby persons have been allowed
to forfeit relatively low collateral
at precincts on certain disorderly
conduct charges which actually
involve sexual misconduct of
some lesser degree.
In a recent meeting, it was re
called, the judges decided to ask
Congress for a new law raising
the maximum penalty for dis
orderly conduct from 25 days in
jail or a $30 fine to 90 days orj
a $100 fine.
Congress Eyes
Labor Day for
Adjournment
Senate Seeks to Clear
Final Hurdles; Myers
Gets G. 0. P. Support
By J. A. O'Leary
A move to wind up this session
of Congress by Labor Day was
gaining momentum today.
For the first time since the
fighting started in Korea, Senate
leaders of both parties were ex
pressing hope the remaining
"must” bills may be disposed of
by an early date.
Observers never have doubted
the ability of the House to finish
its work before fall. The Senate,
because of its liberal debating
rules, is always the bottleneck in
the closing weeks of a session.
Hurdles Must Be Cleared.
Here are the hurdles to be
cleared before the lawmakers can
go home for the election cam
paign:
Home-front economic controls
—Passed by the House and
scheduled for a Senate vote Mon
day.
Taxes—Senate will take up next
week the President’s $5 billion
emergency revenue-raising bill,
substituting it for excise tax cuts
the House had voted before the
Korean crisis made it necessary
to abandon these reductions.
Social Security Vote Due.
Social Security liberalization—
Due for final Senate approval to
day or tomorrow, following House
adoption of the conference report
yesterday.
Appropriations — Passage by
both houses of an emergency sup
plemental bill, carrying new de
fense funds, and adoption by both
houses of a conference report on
the omnibus bill containing the
regular 1951 budget.
Internal security—Both houses
are trying to get a decision be
fore suiting on some type of law
to curb subversive activity with
in the United States.
Myers Outlines Plans.
Acting Majority Leader Myers
said Congressional floor managers
arc trying to complete the pro
gram by September 2, the Satur
day before Labor Day.
“We have a lot of important
things to do, but that's what we
are aiming at now,” he said.
This followed earlier reports
that Republican Senators Taft of
Ohio and Wherry of Nebraska
would co-operate with the Demo
crats in trying to dispose of all
major business within two weeks.
No firm decision has been
reached yet on whether to ad
journ until after the November
elections, or to take a series of
three-day recesses.
Senator Wherry said he is cer
tain a big majority in the Senate
wants to get through by Labor
Day, and that a majority of the
Republicans will co-operate to
that end.
Senator Taft said one sugges
tion under discussion calls for re
cessing from Labor Day until
October 12 or 15, when another
recess could be taken until after
election day unless important new
business develops by mid-October
Late News
Bulletins
Tax Boost Approved
The Senate Finance Com
mittee today unanimously ap
proved President Truman’s
“first installment” $5 billion
tax boost, to help finance the
Korean war and to arm Amer
ica against Communist aggres
sion.
(Earlier Story on Page A-3.)
Gl Allowances Approved
Senate and House committees
today approved legislation to
provide quarters’ allowances for
privates first class and corporals
in the Army and similar grades
in the other services. The leg
islation would provide from $85
to $125 a month, with the man
himself paying $40 of the total.
Propaganda Unit Set Up
The State Department today
announced establishment of a
national psychological strategy
board to make plans for propa
ganda “to cope with various
types of emergencies that might
possibly arise.” The board in
cludes representatives of the
State and Defense Departments,
the Joint Chiefs of Staff and
the Central Intelligence Agency.
Dulles to Return to U. N.
John Foster Dulles announced
after a conference with Presi
dent Truman today that he
would return to the General
Assembly of the United Nations
as a member of the American
delegation next month. He said
this would preclude him from
seeking the Republican sena
torial nomination in New York.
Experts Doubt Reds Will Order
Attack on Yugoslavia This Year
Survey Shows Little Desire for War
Among Soviet Satellite Nations
By th« Associated Press
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, Aug.
17.—Chances of a Russian
inspired invasion of Yugoslavia
this year have been discounted
by Western power military stra
tegists on the basis of a survey
which be^an soon after the first
shots were fired in the Korean
war.
This information came from
two responsible officials who dis
closed separately results of their
own investigations and conclu
sions by their superior officers.
Piecemeal reports leaking out
from inside the Iren Curtain thus
far have shown little desire for
war in the satellite nations bor
dering Yugoslavia. In fact, theie
are some signs that a Soviet or
der to fight Yugoslavia might
boomerang into widespread oppo
sition and perhaps levolt.
A general survey was ordered
immediately after the North Ko
rean attack because the Western
'powers wanted to know how far
they could become commit ted in
Asia without risking u»cn security
' as they now have on the European
continent.
Inside Yugoslavia the survey
| found there Is plenty of prepared
ness but little evidence that the
country and leaders expect a
Balkan war.
On top of this, there has been
a marked decline in reported bor
der incidents recentiy. When
Russia wishes to apply pressure
on the government of Premier
Marshal Tito, these border inci
I dents increase.
Reports of Western observers
here emphasized that a Commu
nist invasion such as that in
South Korea would not have the
same advantage of surprise in
Yugoslavia. Tito has one of the
best armies on the continent out
side Russia.
Three Polish Officials
At Embassy Here Ask
For Political Asylum
Ignore Recall Orders
From Red-Dominated
Warsaw Government
The Minister, Counselor and
second secretary of the Polish
Embassy have appealed to the
State Department for asylum in
this country after defying recall
orders from their Communist
dominated government.
The department said today it
was studying requests for asylum
received from Minister Janusz
Zoltowski, Counselor Stefan Rog
ozmski and Wladyslaw Nizinski,
second secretary.
Only Two Still on Job.
Only Ambassador Josef Win
iewicz and Commercial Counselor
Zygmunt Litynski still are at their
posts at the Embassy, according
to the latest issue of the depart
ment’s monthly diplomatic list.
The Embassy is at 2640 Sixteenth
street N.W.
The latest defections bring to
approximately 25 the number of
Polish officials who have quit their
government since 1946, electing
to remain in the United States.
Among them was Lt. Gen. Izydor
R. Modelski, former Polish mili
tary attache, who gave testimony
before the House Committee on
Un-American Activities on the ex
istence of an espionage ring oper
ating from the Embassy.
Mr. Nizinski, who lives at 6630
Seventh street N.W., told The Star
he resigned for “political reasons.”
Told Envoy He Was “Fed Up.”
"I told the Ambassador in a let
ter of about two lines that I was
fed up because Poland was be
coming more and more under the
thumb of the Soviet Union,” he
declared.
Mr. Nizzinski said he felt that
after Russian Marshal Rokossovsky
was placed in command of the
Polish armed forces last November
the situation became hopeless for
Poland.
Mr. Rogozinski and Mr. Zoltow
ski appealed for permission to re
main in the United States about
two months ago. Mr. Nizinski filed
his appeal earlier this month.
Mr. Zoltowski, who is believed
to be living in New York City, had
acted as Poland’s top financial
representative in the United
States. Mr. Rogozinski’s address
is listed as 1439 Spring ro£d N.W.
European Nations
To Study Churchill's
Plans to Unify Armies
Group Is Named, Agenda
Set Up; British and
Scandinavians Lose
By the Associated Press
STRASBOURG, France, Aug.
17. —The European Assembly's
General Affairs Committee today
overrode British Laborite and
Scandinavian opposition and
voted to take up Winston
Churchill’s proposal for a unified
European army to guard against
Soviet aggression.
The 28-member committee voted
19 to 6 with three abstentions
to examine proposals for a Euro
pean defense convention, a uni
fied army and defense ministry.
All 15 member nations of the
Consultative Assembly—the lower
house of the unofficial parliament
—were represented in the vote.
It broke a two-day deadlock and
gave the go-ahead to further
elaboration of Mr. Churchill's
proposal made last week.
Former French Premier Georges
Bidault, chairman of the General
Affairs Committee, disclosed the
vote at a news conference. He
refused to reveal which delegates
opposed the committee’s final de
(See EUROPE, Page A-5.) 1
Reds Bind and Slay
32 American Captives
On Hill Near Waegwan
Five Others Live to Tell
Story to 1st Cavalry
After Ridge Is Retaken
By th« Associated Press
WITH UNITED STATES 1st
CAVALRY. Korea. Aug. 17.—
Thirty-two American prisoners
with hands tied behind their backs
were shot dead today by Red Ko
reans on a hill west of Waegwan
just before a United States patrol
|
reached the spot.
The Reds tried to kill 37 pris
oners in all. But five lived to tell
the story. They said the Com
munists also massacred the
wounded as they lay moaning on
the ground.
This was in the area that was
bombed yesterday by 98 B-29s in
the heaviest air raid of the war.
Killing of prisoners in this fash
ion is typical retaliation for such
an assault.
Bodies Found on Ridge.
i
The execution of the prisoners
was on Hill 303, which was cap
tured by the Reds this morning.
Their bodies were found in a
gulley recaptured by the 5th Cav
alry this afternoon. The Ameri
can prisoners were killed only two
hours before troopers re-took the
ridge.
The Americans seized the ridge
at 6:30 p.m. (4:30 a.m. EDT).
The hill had been fought over for
three days.
Mowed Down by Gunfire.
The 37 Americans were mowed
down by bursts of gunfire.
Three North Korean prisoners
were taken after a sharp fire fight
nearby. One of them was posi
tively identified by an American
survivor—Corpl. James Melvin
Rudd of Salyersville, Ky.—as a
member of the squad of killers.
This prisoner denied he had
taken any part in the action. Reg
imental officers said he would be
sent back with recommendation
that he be tried as a war crimi
nal.
Corpl. Roy L. Day, jr., El Paso,
Tex., looked at the North Korean
prisoners in the back of a truck
and said:
“If you ask me, I think they
should be shot just as they shot
our men, rather than be given a
trial. Or else we ought to string
them up right now.”
Corpl. Rudd, member of an 81
mm. mortar company, told the
story like this
“We were captured on the
(See ATROCITY, Page A-3.)
Teacher's Car, Driven 61 Miles,
Kills Printer at 14th and Irving
A District Junior High School
teacher driving her new automo
bile with only 61 miles on the
speedometer struck and killed a
pedestrian at Fourteenth and
Irving streets N-W. at 7:45 a.m.
today.
The victim was Robert S. Dyke,
45, a printer, of 1471 Irving street
N.W., who was crossing Irving
street with a green light when he
was struck, according to police.
His body was hurled across the
sidewalk and struck a liquor store
on the corner. The car mounted
the sidewalk and stopped near the
body. Mr. Dyke was pronounced
dead at the scene.
Police said the automobile was
driven by Miss Angeline E. An
derson. 35, of 3253 Twenty-third
street S.E., a teacher at Hine Jun
ior High School. During the sum
mer she works in the payroll divi
sion of the District Recreation De
partment at Sixteenth and La
mont streets N.W.
Miss Anderson told police she
was driving her new car to work
for the first time when the acci
dent occured. Witnesses said she
was driving south on Fourteenth
street and entered the intersection
with the green light and made a
wide right turn into Irving street.
Police said Miss Anderson told
them she sounded her horn as she
made the turn and then lost con
trol of her car. She obtained her
driver’s permit three months ago.
Mr. Dyke’s death was the 40th
traffic fatality of the year, as
compared with 38 at this time last
year.
Enemy Divisions
Only 15 Miles
North of Taegu
Pour Out of Area
Blasted by B-29s
During Big Raid
By the Associated Press
TOKYO, Friday, Aug. 18.^
Thirty thousand North Koreans
opened a massive drive on Taegu
on the Central Korean warfront
yesterday.
"the Reds poured through steep
mountain passes 15 miles north
of the South Korean emergency
capital. They were east of the
Naktong River. j
Only two South Korean divi
sions ■ stood between them and
Taegu. South Koreans controlled
the mountain pass roads.
Gen. MacArthur’s headquarters
omitted its midnight summary for
the third consecutive day. A
I spokesman said there was no
; change in the battle situation
since the release earlier of an
American 8th Army communique.
Tells of Heavy Buildup.
That release told of the heavy
buildup of Communist forces in
the Waegwan area and said the
area is now the “most serious
one” to United Nations forces in
Korea.
The Communists poured out of
the area hit by B-29 bombers
west of the river. They jumped
off from an area between Wae
gwan and Kunwi.
I heir attack started a few
hours after United States Marines
and the 24th Infantry Division
struck a new Allied blow at the
12,000-man Red bridgehead on
the east bank of the Naktong
River near Changnyong, 23 miles
southwest of Taegu.
The Marines had been pulled
out of the south coastal area
where they had made advances,
on Chinju. They were ordered
back 20-odd miles to the east
and then shunted northward for
j the Changnyong attack.
' The United States 25th In
fantry Division took the Marines’
places in the coastal line just
west of Masan, Southern port
which is 27 airline miles east
of Pusan.
Most Serious Threat.
It was on the North Central
front, north of Taegu, that th®
Reds were making their most
dangerous threat, however.
It followed a massed bombing
attack by 98 B-29s yesterday
which was aimed to slow the Red
offensive.
Leif^ Erickson, Associated Press
correspondent, at 8th Army Head
quarters in Korea said the North
Koreans were attacking with
between 25,00t) and 30.000 troops.
In the path of the invaders
were two South Korean divisions.
Counterattack Launched.
The sudden outburst to tha
north developed after United
States Marines and the United
*>-ates 24th Infantry Division
jumped off with a counterattack
in the Reds’ Changnyong River
crossing bulge in a bloody effort
to drive the enemy back across
the Naktong.
The Marine-Army attack roared
up a steep hill near Changnyong,
23 miles southwest of Taegu.
The Changnyong fighting was
the fiercest of the war.
Don Whitehead, Associated
Press correspondent, said the
Marines advanced over a sav
agely contested slope.
He said it was the type of fight
the Marines made in the Pacific
in World War II.
Jack MacBeth, Associated Press
correspondent, reported from the
24th Infantry positions that the
Army doughboys had reached
their objectives. They are on the
Marines’ northern flank.
Mr. MacBeth reported the
(See KOREA, Page A-5.)
Stories Related
To Page 1 News
Relating to Korea.
rexts of Official Reports on Fight
ing in Korea. Page A-5
Old Timers in Korea Give Tips on
How to Stay Alive. Page B-ll
rNT Held Better Than Atom As
Korea Weapon. Page A-4.
Russian Grab of North Korea
Seen if U. N. Forces Win.
Page A-4
Hard-Won Four-Day Gains of
Marines Given Up. Page A-4
Wiley Asks All-Out Effort to Keep
Chinese Reds From Korea.
Page A-2.
Relating to Defense.
rhird of Series on Development of
the H-bomb. Page B-14.
Low Ceilings Hinder Practice by
D. C. Air Guard. Page C-ll
five Area Army Bases Prepara
for Trainees. Page A-2.).

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