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Senate Probers Hear
3 Witnesses Detail Shimon Wire-Tapping (See WIRE-TAPPING. Page A-2.) I do not know what purpose it was lor.” Both policemen who preceded Mr. Tait on the stand were as signed to help Lt. Shimon in his work for Mr. Pay's office before the time of the alleged wire-tap ping incidents. Detective Bryant said he thought his assignment to listen In on private telephone conversa tions was “rather unusual.” He said he asked Lt. Shimon if Mr. Fay was aware of it. He said Lt. Shimon replied. “Mr. Fay knew of the investigation and of what we were doing." He said Lt. Shimon had told him the work was for a Senate investigation committee and that from reading the papers he learned of the* inquiry which was about the wartime contracts of Mr. Hughes. “Proud” of Assignment. “I was proud to have such an assignment for a Senate commit tee,” Detective Bryant said, but later he declared he became sus picious and finally refused to do any more tapping. Today’s open hearing in the Senate Office Building caucus room followed efforts by con gressional and judicial groups to determine whether police here supplied services, for fees, in the 1947 investigation of plans for a monopoly overseas airplane service, involving a Government subsidy. Brought Up Feud. In that battle a bitter feud de veloped between Senator Brewster, Republican, of Maine, and Mr. Hughes over the suggested merger of Pan American and Trans-World Lines. “Then I knew this was not for any Senate committee because Lt. Shimon never criticized me or did anything about it. "A member of the Police De partment simply does not refuse to carry out instructions or he would be taken before a trial board.” Detective Bryant said he first became suspicious when he and a fellow officer on the same as signment. Detective Sergt. George Robison, were walking through the Mayflower Hotel lobby one night and saw' Mr. Nolan sitting there. - “When we approached, Mr. Nolan raised a newspaper so that it hid his face,” Detective Bryant said, and “we concluded Lt. Shi mon had sent him there to spy on us.” He said he and Sergt. Robison were “very angry.” "I was right upset and it brought doubt to my mind that we had been working for a Senate committee. I couldn't believe Mr. Nolan would have any part in this.” Didn't Want to Continue. He said he called up Lt. Shimon to talk about Mr. Nolan and told him thai he didn't want to go on with the investigation. Lt. Shi mon. he said, hung up the tele phone. The name of Henry W. Grune wald, reportedly a former employe of Pan-American Airways, which was involved in the 1947 Senate Inquiry, was brought into the testimony. Mr. McHale said at one time he saw' Lt. Shimon confer with Mr. Grunewald at a place near the Mupsey Trust Building. Detective Bryant, during his account of conversations he over heard at the Mayflower, said there was a lot of talk about Mr. Hughes’ business. He said these conversations were w'ith either a Mr. Dietrick or a Mr. Slack, w'ho w-ere agents of the plane-builder. This was a refer ence to Noan Dietrick of the Hughes Tool Co. and Thomas Slack, a Hughes attorney, both of whom participated in the 1947 hearings. Detective Bryant said at one time there was an incoming call from Mr. Hughes and when he started to tell Mr. Dietrick on Mr. Slack where he was, the man told Mr. Hughes he did not want to know because he might have to testify as to where Mr. Hughes was. Tells of Demonstration. Lt. Shimon. Detective Bryant taid, took him to a room in the . Carlton Hotel, demonstrated how to hookup a telephone wire tap to a telephone box in the room and how to attach a microphone to the bottom of a door to eaves drop on non-phone conversations. He said the lieutenant gave him a notebook, paper and pencils with which to write down any thing he might hear over either tap. "He told me advance men for Howard Hughes were going to oc cupy the adjoining room and it was my job to listen and report to him on the conversations. Detective Bryant testified that the tapping of Mr. Hughes’ phone took place at the Carlton and that the eavesdropping on Hughes' staff was at the Mayflower. The witness told of going to the Mayflower with Lt. Shimon and of being instructed by Lt. Shimon to remove his coat and tie and to roll up his sleeves so it would appeal he was a workman. Lt. Shimon did the same. Detective Bryant said. He said he and Lt. Shimon then went a floor above a room occu pied by two members of Mr. Hughes’ staff, Mr. Dietrich and Mr. Slack. "Shimon explained to me,” the detective said, “that he was goinj to run a wire down the air-con ditioning shaft to the room below.” Bryant told of helping Shimor Into the shaft and added: "He cut into the air-condition ing shaft, inserted a microphom and lowered it,” the witness said Efforts Not Successful. "I don’t think his efforts t< Install the microphone were sue cessful, although he never tol< me so.’’ “Detective Bryant said a hote a mmm , j DETECTIVE JAMES G. BRYANT, I Says he was assigned to tap i phones. JOSEPH TAIT, Testifies he loaned recording devices. Star Staff Photos. PVT. JOHN McHALE, Tells story of $1,000 bill. watchman came along while he and Shimon were working on the shaft, but apparently was under the impression that they were workmen sent to make repairs. Later Mr. Bryant said, he and IMr. Shimon went to a room ad joining that of Mr. Deitrich and I Mr. Slack where they installed wire-tap equipment to the tele phone of Mr. Hughes representa j lives. Detective Bryant said he re called one incoming call from Mr. j Hughes. He said Mr. Hughes started to tell either Dietrich or Slack of his whereabouts in Washington, but that the other party on the phone urged Mr. Hughes not to do so. Mr. Tait. in his testimony, de clared he had known Lt. Shimon for about 12 years. From time I to time, he said, Lt. Shimon came to his place of business at 1121 Vermont avenue N.W., and ob tained recording equipment. Could Be Easily Obtained. He said that with one exception all this equipment was merely loaned to the officer. The one exception, he said, was the sale of some accessories, for $22.50, in 1947 or 1948. Mr. Tait said the loaned equip ment consisted of regular types of (recording machines and explained 'that such equipment was adapta ble to a microphone or telephone hookup. Such devices for hookups of this kind, he said, could be easily ob tained, in fact were available at any radio shop. Lt. Shimon is to be called at a later hearing, probably tomorrow. At the conclusion of today's hear ing Chairman Pepper said he hoped to hold the session at 10 a.m. tomorrow. Meanwhile, a solid indorsement of the inquiry by the Senate sub committee came from one of its Republican members. Senator Darby of Kansas. In a press release intended most ly for Mid-Western papers, but also made available here, he sug gested that a police department member guilty of illegal wire tapping should, be ousted. Assails Wire Tapping. When this was brought down ! to the case of Lt. Shimon, how ever, Senator Darby said he was reserving judgment, since he had not yet heard all sides of this case. Senator Darby declared, how ever: “The practice of wire-tapping, I'm sure, is offensive to every good American. Wire-tapping is an instrument of the all-powerful police State to which I am un alterably opposed. “This practice must be stopped here in Wrshington. If permitted to continue, it might spread even to the point where it will be going on in any of our towns. . . . “No police force should tolerate the practice of wire-tapping nor allow any person guilty of this grocer-ee always reach for BUMBLE BEE In tnnhnds it'i Bymbit ItW xrZZ-r \ ■ \ «.k«,r \ i --* M ECA Reports Europe Is Closing Dollar Gap As U. S. Sales Decline fty tK# Associated Press The Economic Co-operation Ad ministration reported optimistic ally to Congress today on gains in Western Europe's battle to close the dollar gap and on efforts to shore up the economy of Formosa. The ECA also noted that the Communist invasion of South Ko rea has "completely disrupted" the economy of the country and cut short "impressive gains" made in reviving agriculture and industry. •Covers Three Months. President Truman forwarded the ECA’s quarterly report to Con gress without comment. It covers the first three months of this year. ECA expressed enthusiasm in reporting that Western Europe as a whole is getting her trade with ; the United States more closely in line and at the same time is re opening the pre-war world-wide trade pattern—a major long range objective of the Marshall Plan. It said, too, the drastic cuts in United States purchases by West ern Europe and other countries have not adversely affected American business. Foreign countries began slash ing their United States purchases. American business activity at home jumped, increasing United States purchases abroad, and a string of countries followed Brit ain's lead in cutting exchange rates. United States sales world-wide during the first three months of this yesr dropped 60 per cent over the comparative period a year ago. With Western Europe the decline was 40 per cent. The result was that the Marshall Plan countries sharply cut their United States trade deficit below last year’s rate. Other trading areas of the world—for the first time since the end of the war— reported a surplus in trade with the United States. Formosa Resists Inflation. Regarding Formosa, the agency reported steady efforts to stabi lize the island’s economy which "staggered under an increasing burden of military expenditures.” At the end of March. ECA said, the Chinese Nationalist govern ment was resisting strong infla tionary pressures. practice to remain in public of fice.” The statement of Senator Darby was taken as support for sug gested Police Trial Board action against Lt. Shimon—if stories about his wire-tapping are sub stantiated. p/ay $afe! BUY QUAKER STATE THE ONLY MUSHROOMS > PACKED UNDER CONTINUOUS INSPECTION OF THE tl.S. DEPARTMENT OF OF AGRICULTURE • This k your protection . .. look For it on every con of Ouiktr State Mushrooms. Ricked at the peak of perfection ... Racked in their awn juices for added Raver end tenderness. 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La Buy dis missed the charges against the associates in Federal Court in Chi cago August 8. His action went unnoticed by the press until yes terday. The charges’ were dis missed at the Government's re quest. Otto Kerner. jr„ United States District Attorney in Chicago, said last night he obtained the dis missal on orders from the Attor ney General's office in Washing ton. Mr. Kerner said the order came from Assistant Attorney General James Mclnemey. head of the Justice Department's Criminal Di vision. Mr. Kerner said he doesn't know why the Justice Department ordered the dismissal. "I really don't know much about the case,” Mr. Kerner said. The indictments dismissed were those against the Erie Basin Metal Products, Inc., of Elgin, 111.: its president, Allen B. Gellman: its treasurer, Joseph T. Weiss, and its comptroller, Harry S. Glick. With the Garsson brothers they were charged in the Baltimore in dictments with conspiracy in con nection with World War II ma terial contracts and with filing false statements about the trans actions. i ' the nomadic Nunatagmiuk es kimos built portable dome-shaped | willow huts. ( He cant wait to eat when PARD'S on the menu/) Ho’s your lucky dog—when you feed him Pard! For every can gives him as much nourishment as you get in many dinners of your own! Start feeding PARD today. Do as millions do . . . feed your dog ss well es you feed yourself! M VF.W Chief Demands Johnson Quit or Be Fired \ By th« Associated Press DETROIT, Aug. 17.—Clyde E Lewis, commander of’the Veteran! of Foreign Wars, charges "gros! incompetency” to Secretary oi Defense Johnson. He says that Mr. Johnson should leave office or be removed. Mr. Lewis denounced Mr. John son in a speech here last night ir which he accused the Defense Secretary of having “gambled’ with American security “in the name of vote-getting ‘economy.’” He said Mr. Johnson had “lost’ and added that the Secretarj “should go” and so should hi: “little oligarchy” in the Defense Department. The VFW chief said that Sec retary Johnson had left the im pression that the Nation was ir "excellent shape” militarily bu that “we stand revealed as unbe lievably weak.” Ignorance or Bad Faith Charged “I indict Johnson,” Mr. Lewi said, "on a charge of eithei abysmal ignorance in not recog nizing the ominous threat of Com munist aggression in Asia . . . oi of bad faith with United State! citizens in not informing them o the great dangers we faced . . ,’ Mr. Lewis spoke at the presen tation of a citizenship award to Mrs. Fred T. Murphy of Detroit, mother of Michigan Secretary of 'State Fred M. Alger, jr. "The war map, as of this mo ment,” he said, "is sufficient proof to the average man of the gross incompetency of Louis Johnson.” Cites Contradictions. Mr. Lewis also charged that Mr. Johnson “repeatedly uttered con tradictory and misleading state ments” concerning America's de ! fense. He mentioned Mr. Johnson’s statement regarding Russia that "if they hit us at 4 (o’clock), we’ll be at them at 5,” and said: "It is now definitely known that there never were any plans made that involved offensive action in Korea by United States troops, only withdrawal plans.” Mr. Lewis accused Johnson of a policy of "politics, not prepared-1 ness” and said the Secretary had given Congress “misinformation and coverup statements.” Soviet Reported Building China Submarine Bases ■y the Associated Press TAIPEI. Formosa, Aug. 17.— Chinese Nationalists say their in-i telligence reports indicate Russia is building two submarine bases in Communist China. Nationalist sources said the bases are at .Mamoi. near Foochow ’ 120 miles northwest of Formosa, and at Yulin on the south coast of Hainan, about 150 miles from Indo-China. (Communist China has al most no navy. There has been no indication the Chinese Reds have submarines.) Nationalist sources said a com mission of Soviet submarine ex perts arrived about two weeks ago to visit Mamoi. These sources said Yulin was being developed into a major base for undersea craft, capable of every kind of repair and serv ice. The Japanese developed Yulin as a base for their south ern operations in World War II. Nationalist intelligence reports also were credited with disclosing the Chinese Communists are en larging two air fields and build ing at least one air strip on the mainland facing Formosa. .• vs, • y.% • "You can cook a spaghetti dinner in 12 minutes!" ~ •. ; V *■' It’s no trick at all, if you fol low this simple method: Just get a package of Chef Boy-Ar-Dee Spaghetti Dinner. 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