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Sunny, humid, high 90 today. Chance of thundershowers late today and tonight, low 68. Tomorrow cloudy, cooler. Full re port on Page A-2.) Midnight, 74 8 a m. 70 11 a.m. —77 2 am. -.-72 8 a.m. _-.71 Noon-81 4 a.m. __.72 10 am. .--73 1 p.m. _..83 Lofe New York Morkets. Poge A-19. Guide for Readers PM* Amusements ..A-14 Classified .. B-7-14 Comics-B-16-17 Crossword_B-16 Editorial _A-10 Edit’l Articles, A-ll rwi Lost and Found, A-3 Finance _A-19 Obituary_A-13 Radio_B-15 Sports_A-15-17 Woman's Sect., B-3-5 I - -■ An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 230. Phone ST. 5000 *★ WASHINGTON. D. C., FRIDAY, AUGUST 18, 1950-THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. City Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday. *1.30 a Month: when 6 ST /~1TivV'fr'Q Sundays, *1,30. Night Final Edition. *1.30 and *1.40 per Month. X O TWO RED THRUSTS AGAINST TAEGU SMASHED Ex-Navy Worker Here Seized On Mexican Border as Red Spy; Ninth Named as Conspirator Seeled Complaint j Is Filed Against Morton Sobell, 33 Morton Sobell, an electrical engineer who worked in the Navy j Department and married a Wash-1 lngton girl, was arrested today as ! a conspirator in the Soviet atom bomb spy ring. Thirty-three years old. New York-born of Russian parents, he fled to Mexico last June after; the roundup of Soviet spies in this country began, the FBI said. He is the ninth alleged member of the ring to be named. The Mexican government de ported him and FBI agents were waiting on the border at Laredo. Tex , to arrest him on espionage charges. Following his arrest, Sobell was taken to the Webb County jail at! Laredo. He is scheduled to be arraigned before a United States Commissioner in Laredo later today. A sealed complaint was filed | with the United States commis sioner in New York August 3 charging Sobell with conspiring; with Julius Rosenberg and others in sending national defense in formation to Russia. Came Here in 1938. Sobell came to Washington in 1938 after being graduated from the City College of New York as a bachelor of engineering. In January, 1939. he got a job as an electrical engineer with the Navy Ordnance Bureau and worked there until September, 1941, when he resigned to attend the University of Michigan. At that time, according to the Justice Department, he lived at 4925 Seventh street N.W. After obtaining his master’s degree in electrical engineering, Sobell returned to Washington and lived for a time in apart ment 303 at 2225 N street N.W. In June, 1942, he got a job with the General Electric Co., which was working on radar and other restricted war contracts. He worked in both the electrical con trol unit and the metallurgical radar section and the marine and aeronautics sections of GE. Two Children Born. While in Washington Sobell met Helen Levitov Gurewitz, whose mother and brother live at 2135 Lee highway, Arlington. She was born in Washington in 1918. On March 10, 1945, Sobell. on leave from his job at General Electric, came to Arlington and married Miss Gurewitz. They now have two children. Before fleeing to Mexico, Sobell resided with his family at 164-17 73d avenue, Flushing, N. Y. Sobell left his job at General Electric in mid-1947 to go to work as an engineer with the Reeves Instrument Co., 215 East 91st street. New York City. On June 16, the FBI said, Bobell learned of the arrest of David Greenglass, who had been stationed at the Atom Bomb project at Los Alamos, while he was a soldier in 1945. Never Returned, FBI Says. Sobell never returned to his job at the Reeves Instrument Co. He left by plane for Mexico on June 22, the Justice Department said. Sobell lived for "a year or two” with another man at the Seventh street address. Mrs. Sol Aron said the two oc cupied an apartment on the sec ond floor of her home, but that she saw little of Sobell since they had only a speaking acquaintance. Mrs. Aron, whose husband is a liquor dealer, said the two men gave no reason for leaving. Records of the Henry J. Robb real estate company reveal that Sobell lived at the apartment at 2225 N street N.W. from Novem 'See SPIES, Page A-6 > Negro Woman Lawyer Seen as U. N. Choice By the Associated Press President Truman was reported today to have decided to name Mrs. Edith Sampson, a Negro lawyer in Chicago, as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly meeting at New York next month. Mrs. Sampson's appointment to the American delegation was pro posed by the State Department as a way of striking back at Rus sian propaganda that Negroes are an oppressed people without op portunity, influence or position in the United States. Quite apart from this consid eration, State Department offi cials said, Mrs. Sampson is well qualified to serve as a result of her legal training and interest in social and political problems. Officials said that Secretary of State Acheson will head the dele gation which will be named by Mr. Truman next week. I MORTON SOBELL. Government Freezes Surplus for Check on Defense Requirements Larson Order Leaves No Agency Exempt, but Officials Disagree The Government today placed a freeze on disposal of all Gov ernment-held surplus property pending a check to see what the defense needs are in the light of the Korean War. The order, issued by Adminis trator Jess Larson of General Services Administration, covers war plants, supplies, equipment and material, both civilian and military, regardless of previous au thority for disposal. No Government agency is ex empt under the order, not even General Services itself. Chiefly affected by the order is personal property. The Govern ment now holds only a handful of war plants and previously had liquidated all of its World War II surplus material. GSA estimated that during the past 12 months it has approved the disposal of around $200 million worth of property (valuation based on original cost), ranging from type writers to bulldozers. The order therefore would have no effect on private firms operat ing war surplus stores here and in other cities, according to officials. An official said it would be im possible to estimate in dollars the total surplus holdings of all Gov ernment agencies. screening Necessary. Mr. Larson said the order re mains in effect until further no tice, but other officials indicated that once a new survey has been made and the military and other agencies have decided on what they need, the order might be lifted. Mr. Larson explained that GSA regulations require that any prop erty earmarked for disposal must be screened with all other Federal agencies before it can be declared | surplus. The agency's action comes just a day after President Truman iSee SURPLUS. Page A-3.> Marines to Accept Men For Duration of War By the Associated Press NEW YORK. Aug. 18. —The Marine Corps has authorized en listments for the duration of the I emergency only, recruiting officials said today. Previously recruits had to sign up for four years. Maj. Louis H. Wilson, chief re cruiting officer here, said the new policy, similar to one adopted for World War II, was expected to bring in more men. Crime Probers Urge Tighter Tax, Alien Laws Miami 'Stranglehold' Described in Report Of Kefauver Group By Miriam Ottenberg The Senate subcommittee in vestigating crime today proposed tighter income tax and immigra tion laws to strike at the full purses of racketeers or get the foreign-born ones out of the country. In a 10.000-word progress re port, the investigators told the Senate they have found that criminal organizations are mo nopolizing certain channels of interstate commerce by means of “violence, bribery, corruption and intimidation.’’ To complete its coast-to-coast inquiry before the February. 1951, deadline, the committee asked for more money. So far the five member committee, headed by Senator Kefauver, Democrat, of Tennessee, has got $150,000. The investigators reported spe cifically on the results of their Miami investigation where, they '[ found, known gangsters have gained a “very strong strangle hold on the community.” Measures Suggested. The committee asked the Seriate to consider these meas ures: 1. Tightening of immigration laws to remove notorious crijpi nals who are not citizens. 2. Mandatory severe prison terms for narcotics violators and for second and third offenders. 2. Tightening of income tax laws under w'hich racketeers can now report huge sums in cash in come and disbursements without supporting details from their books. 4 Requiring persons who get their income from illegal activi ties to submit a complete finan cial statement annually showing any increase or decrease in n^t worth. 5. Using anti-trust laws where there is a monopoly in sending gambling information across State lines. 6. Using mail fraud statutes to prevent the use of the mails in i See CRIME, Page A-4.) Steamer Catches Fire While Battling Storm ly the Associated Press MIAMI, Fla., Aug. 18.—A 7,247 ton steamship caught fire 400 miles off Fort Pierce. Fla., while battling the fringe winds of the Atlantic hurricane today. The Coast Guard said the ] freighter Russel R. Jones, bound 1 from Norfolk for Los Angeles, flashed an SOS but later reported "don’t need immediate assistance.” Her messages reported she was afire in the No. 1 and No. 2 holds. The hurricane was passing be tween the ship and the Florida coast at the time. Finletter in London LONDON, Aug. 18 </P>.—Air i Secretary Finletter flew here from Washington today for conferences with Maj. Gen. Leon W. Johnson, ] commanding the United States Air Force 3d Division in Britain. Fierce-Looking but Palsy Dog Holds Up Due Process of Law He was only a nice, shredded wheat-eating dog, but how were the cops to know? Buddy, a great big Great Dane, unwittingly stood off a squad of police for an hour last night be fore the truth came out that he was, indeed, a buddy to everybody. The squad then served a war rant on Mrs. Marjorie Hughes. 52, of the 1200 block of Allison street N.E., who today pleaded guilty to charges of failing to pay board bills totaling $655 at three hotels—the Roger Smith, Carlton and Lee House. Municipal Court Judge George D. Neilson frowned. “Understand you’ve been feed ing that dog turkey and chicken dinners,” he said. “Nc, your honor,” Mrs. Hughes replied. “All he will eat is wheat cakes and shredded wheat.” Judge Neilson had no rejoinder! save to remand Mrs. Hughes to the District Jail pending sentenc ing and a study of the case by the probation officer. The process-serving policemen did not find Mrs. Hughes at home when they first called last night. Instead, they found a relative who hinted rather broadly that “there's a mean dog in the house.” The police called in reinforce ments. headed by Night Supervi sor George E. Cooper, re-grouped their forces, and re-laid their strategy. Ltr. Cooper decided to go in, dog or no dog. As he walked up the stairway, Buddy came lumbering toward him. Listening for a growl, Lt. Cooper saw a wagging tail—the universal canine language of friendship. Pretty soon Mrs. Hughes came home and accepted the warrant. Shimon Admits 8 Instances of Wire-Tapping Income Tax and FBI Data Requested by Pepper at Hearing By Don S. Warren The Senate subcommittee in vestigating wire-tapping today called on Treasury and Justice Department officials for their in formation on Police Lt. Joseph W Shimon as he appeared befdre the S- ? investigators and ad-; mitted eavesdropping activities. The hearing .was a closed one but what happened was described! to reporters by Chairman Pepper.! Lt. Shimon admitted he had rm.de wire tappings in eight spe cific instances, according to Sen ator Pepper. In one of these, the1 Senator said, the officer admitted he had done wire-tapping at the time of the 1947 Senate investi gation of the war contracts of plane-builder Howard Hughes. Looking for Brewster Shadow, j “He said he made taps in con nection with that Hughes in vestigation,'’ Senator Pepper told reporters. “He intimated that he was making the tap in that instance to see if anybody had i been shadowing Senator Brewster, Republican, of Maine.'’ Senator Brewster at the time | was chairman of the Senate War Investigating Committee. The ; inquiry into the contracts of Mr. i Hughes was conducted by a sub committee headed by Senator Ferguson, Republican, of Mich igan. Lt. Shimon's alleged wire-tap ping activities in the Hughes in quiry have been the most widely publicized of all the accusations [against him. Separate Tappings Listed. The lieutenant, said Senator Pepper, listed the following as some of the other instances of ! his wire-tapping, i 1. At the Occidental Hotel at a time not specified. 2. At the Carlton Hotel, where I Mr. Hughes had resided while •here fdr tf# it>47 inquiry. 3. At a place in the 2500 block of Q street N.W. 4. At a place in the 2000 or 2100 block of Connecticut avenue N.W., where he installed some of his equipment on a telephone, pole. 5. At some place where he lis j tened in and got information jwhich led to his solution of miss i ing antique jewels, reportedly taken from Otis Kent. The O street job has been men tioned in connection with re ports that the wires of the late Senator Bailey, Democrat, of North Carolina, were tapped in an aviation bill dispute in 1945. First Chance to Tell Story. Lt. Shimon’s appearance today was his first chance to tell his side of the accusations that have been made against him and to answer before the Senate group questions raised by the testimony of numerous other witnesses, in cluding five police officers for merly under his command. In the Kent jewel case, Mrs. I Frances had been tried on a i charge of stealing the jewels and j acquitted of that charge. But j Mr. Kent had protested he had not got all of the jewels back. Senator Pepper said Lt. Shimon had used wire-tapping which en abled him to go to Mexico City, where he found Mrs. Dolmage and jewels. That was in connection with a perjury case. Dope at Police Reauest. In numerous instances, Lt. Shimon said that his wire-tap ping was done at the request of police authorities of other cities who wanted aid in finding fugi tives from justice. In one instance, as Senator (See WIRE-TAPPING. Page A-4.> Ousted Florida Sheriff And Brother Indicted By the Associated Press FORT LAUDERDALE. Fla.. Aug. 18.—Walter Clark, ousted as sheriff of Broward County, and | his brother and chief deputy, i Robert Clark, were indicted by a ; grand jury and surrendered last \ night on charges of operating a | lottery and possesion of slot ma [ chines. Gordon Williams, third partner with the Clai'ks in ownei'ship of the Broward Novelty Co., also was indicted, as wrei'e two employes, James Johnson and Truman Lytle. All five posted bonds of $1,000 each and were freed. Senator Kefauver, Democrat, of Tennessee, chairman of a Senate Icommitee investigating crime, disclosed during a hearing at Miami in July that the Clarks were partners in the novelty com pany, which paid taxes on $750, 000 in Bolita lottery operations in three years. Gov. Fuller Warren suspended Clark and appointed Amos Hall; to the sheriff's post. Business as Usual Byrd Says U. S. Would Pull Out Of Korea if Russia Declares War Senator Asserts He Has Seen Plans for Move; Avers Peninsula Has No Military Value By Robert C. Rollings If Russia declares war on the United States, our troops will evacuate Korea because it has no military value. Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Virginia told the Virginia American Legion con vention today. Senator Byrd said he has seen plans prepared for this eventual ity and did not think he was re vealing any secrets in making his statement. Senator Byrd, said the Korean fighting has done nothing to set tle the situation that confronts us. He said the war may develop into “sideline wars” and that the country is faced with “dangerous inflation at home.” He charged that Congress is mystified by the complete breakdown of the United States intelligence. “I say to you the intelligence service of bur government should be completely reorganized,” Sen-1 ator Byrd asserted. His remark brought loud ap plause from the several hundred legionnaires assembled in the Virginia Theater. Senator Byrd termed the in (See BYRD, Page A-6.) j Panic Gripping Taegu As Exodus Follows Evacuation Order Streams of People Fleeing South Look Like Long Lines of White Ants By Hal Boyle Associated Press War Correspondent TAEGU, Korea, Aug. 18.—Fear that has shadowed a half mil lion hearts here exploded in panic today as a mass exodus began from this besieged city. For several hours chaos ruled the streets of this refugee-swol len provisional capital of South Korea. The civilian populace was swept by hysteria. The scene on the ground was utter confu sion. From the air the exits leading south looked like clogged lanes of frightened w'hite ants. The story of this flight of an entire city can best be told by telling w’hat happened to one household. This family lives beneath the window of a mission school where foreign war correspondents have been billeted more than one month. Its home was in a jammed corridor that looked like the shanty communities that spring up around American city dumps—except the huts here are covered with picturesque old tile i roofs. As the Red Army slashed closer down the Seoul-Taejon-Taegu road unease increased in the city. It has 39 Presbyterian churches— but it also has more native Com munists than any other South Korean city. Reports spread that the Com munists had been secretly armed and would rise up in a riot of bloodshed and pillage against Re publican sympathizers whenever (See REFUGEES. Page A-6.) Late News Bulletin Turkey to Send Troops The United States today ac cepted Turkey’s offer to send a combat force of 4,500 men to Korea. The Turkish offer is the third to be formally ac cepted by the United States. Thailand’s offer to send 4,000 officers and men was accepted earlier this week as was a Philip pine offer to send a regimental combat team of about 5,000 men. I Two Congressmen Arrive in Korea As Naval Officers By the Associated Press A KOREAN PORT. Aug. 18.— Two Representatives on active duty with the Navy arrived today. They are Comdr. Hugh Scott of Philadelphia and Lt. Comdr. Henry J. Latham of New York. Comdr. Latham flew with the Navy yesterday in a carrier raid on Wonsan. “The naval air arm is doing a corking good job.” he said, “and naval aviators are working almost around the clock.” , Comdr. Latham is studying naval supply problems. Comdr. Scott is reporting on intelligence. They will report to Admiral Ar thur W. Radford, commander-in chief of the Pacific Fleet. Joseph Flack Nominated Ambassador to Poland President Truman today nom inated Joseph Flack to be Am bassador to Poland, replacing John W. Gallman. Both men are career diplomats. Mr. Flack is now Ambassador to Costa Rica. Mr. Gallman, who resides in Chevy Chase, Md„ is taking an assignment as deputy for foreign affairs at the War College. Sir Francis Lindley Dies ALRESFORD, England, Aug. 18 (JP).—Sir Francis Lindley, for mer British Ambassador to Japan, died at his home here yester day. He was 78. Collins and Sherman Leave Tomorrow for Visit With MacArthur Quick Trip Will Give Chiefs Chance to See 'What Is Going On' By John A. Giles The military heads of the Army and Navy will leave for Tokyo to morrow for conferences with Gen. MacArthur on the progress of the Korean War. A Pentagon spokesman, making this announcement today, said it was not known whether Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army Chief of Staff, and Admiral Forrest P. Sherman, Chief of Naval Opera tions, would make an inspection of the Korean battle zone. He added, however, that they will "see what is going on for them selves.” Gen. Collins and Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Air Force Chief of Staff, made a hurried trip to the* Far East on July 10 and returned five days later. Asked why Gen. Vandenberg was not going with Gen. Collins and Admiral Sher man, an Air Force spokesman pointed out that Lt. Gen. Lauris Norstad, the vice chief of staff, had only recently returned from the area after talks with Gen. McArthur. Trip “Short as Can Be.” The two chiefs will leave Na tional Airport at 8 a.m. tomor row. The spokesman said their trip will be “as short as it can be." The spokesman said that it was the policy of the military chiefs to make trips to the battle area as frequently as possible and that there had been no special call for the Collins-Sherman trip by Gen. McArthur. Meanwhile, defense officials ex pressed concern over the heavy buildup of Korean Communist forces and what appeared to be a lack of any appreciable results from the massive B-29 raids west of the Naktong River Wednes day. The Reds were reported to be moving large numbers of troops into an area slightly north of the sector plastered by the Super Fortresses. And though battle front dispatches tend to make the raid sound as though the entire area had been smothered, routing massing Reds, the Air Force here was more reserved. An Air Force briefing officer (See DEFENSE. Page A-6.1 Bodies of 36 Tortured GIs Recovered From Bloody Hill By the Associated Press WITH UNITED STATES 1ST CAVALRY, KOREA, Aug. 18.— Bodies of 36 American soldier vic tims of Red battlefield torture killings were recovered today from bloody Hill 303. Their hands and feet were bound with rope, wire and shoestrings. Three Amerjcan soldiers who survived the mass execution identified two Red Korean pris oners as having been among the group that bound and executed 32 American mortar men. They tentatively identified a third Red captive as having taken part in the slaughter. Army officials said the accused slayers would be tried as war criminals. Seven tankmen and the 32 mor tar men—39 in all—were executed by the Korean Reds on the hill before United States cavalrymen recaptured it. Bodies of the seven tankers were found on the road near their two wrecked machines. “Their faces were blackened as if gasoline had been thrown on them and set afire,” said Pfc. Robert S. Mauro of Revere, Mass., a stretcher jeep driver. Pfc. Ellis R. Barner of Paris, Tex., a survivor of the 10 men in the two tanks, told how one tank man was killed as he pleaded for his life. He said: "They found him in a culvert with their flashlights. He begged them not to kill him. They took off his clothes, all except his shorts. Then they kicked him a couple of times and hit him with the butt end of his rifle and then they shot him with a (Russian automatic) burp gun while he was moaning and begging for his life.” South Koreans Stop Foe North Of Periled City Enemy Division Given 'Hell of a Licking' By Marines and GIs By Reiman Morin Associated Press Foreign Correspondent TOKYO, Saturday, Aug. 19.— Allied troops, tanks, artillery and air bombs turned two Red Korean thrusts—42,000 men—ayay from threatened Taegu city yesterday. South of Taegu a crack Red Korean division took what an American general called a “hell of a licking" at the hands of United States Marines and in fantrymen. The city itself was turned into a steel-rimmed fortress by an Allied evacuation order sending more than a half million civilians trekking away as refugees. The South Korean government also was sent aw>ay to establish it* new refugee capital somewhere. The war-swollen populace was removed mainly so it would not get underfoot in military opera tions—and to reduce the possibil ity of uprisings by infiltrated Communists among the refugees. Stopped by South Koreans. A thrust by 30,000 North Kore ans was stopped 12 miles north of Taegu by South Koreans. Then American and South North Korean Dead Pictured as Wearing Chinese Red Uniforms By th« Associated Press WITH UNITED STATES 25TH DIVISION IN KOREA, Aug. 18. — Photos showing them in Chinese Red army uniforms were found tonight on the sprawled bodies of North Korean soldiers on three peaks retaken by the United States 35th Regiment near Masan in the southern sector. Evidence indicated the homes of some of the dead were in Manchuria. Battalion Comdr. Bernard G. Teeters ordered bodies of North Koreans brought back for examination by experts to see if they were Chinese or Koreans. Communist prisoners said a Russian officer was seen before a battalion attacked the 35th. An American in telligence officer said one Russian is known to be with the Red’s 6th Division. Korean troops lunged at the big Red force last night with a blaz ing counter-attack. At Changnyong, where 12,000 North Koreans had bulged east ward on the Allied bank of the Naktong River 23 miles southwest of Taegu, American Marines and Doughboys whipped the Com munists in a bitter battle. Many Reds retreated back across the river, abandoning their weapons in panic. Maj. Gen. John H. Church, commanding the joint Marine-In fantry attack at Changnyong, was jubilant. Two South Korean divisions stalled the 30,000 Communists north of mountain-walled Taegu (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.) Hurricane's Danger To Florida Passes By the Associated Press MIAMI, Fla., Aug. 18.—Florida was given the “all clear” signal on the Atlantic hurricane today. The alert, sounded yesterday as the violent tropical disturbance containing 140 mile winds inched toward the coast, was lifted by Chief Forecaster Grady Norton of the Miami Weather Bureau. “Barring some totally unex pected development, the storm will swing clear of Florida,” said Mr. Norton. "I am hopeful I may have the same good word for Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina later.” He said the high pressure area which blocked the storm’s north ern turn for a week is collapsing. A Navy hurricane hunter at 11:15 a.m. today located the cen ter of the storm at Latitude 28.2 north, longitude 75.1 west, or about 350 miles east from Mel bourne. Fla. An advisory said the hurri cane is moving north-northwest ward about 8 to 10 miles per hour and tending to curve more northward. “Indications are the hurricane will move on a broad curve north ward today and tonight at con tinued rather slow rate of 8 to 12 miles per hour and should pass east of Cape Hatteras late Satur day or Saturday night,” the ad visory said.