Newspaper Page Text
Malik's Attack on U.S.
As ’Aggressor’ Shows Soviet Weakness Politburo Afraid Truth About Korea Will Get Back to Russian People By David Lawrence What is the true importance of the tactics being pursued by Jacob Malik, the Soviet delegate to the United Nations, in constantly calling America an “aggressor”? Why does the Kremlin place so much emphasis on the Malik speeches? To accept offhand the theory that the Russian purpose is just to convince the people of the United States that American forces instigated the episode in ‘Korea is to credit the Soviet prop agandists with less intelligence than they probably have. They certainly know that a powerful American system of newspaper, periodical and radio distribution of the facts would prevent any widespread acceptance of any such Russian charges. Then what is the real idea back of the Malik propaganda? It is beginning to be believed here that Melik is leading from weakness rather than strength and that the Politburo is afraid the truth about the Russian aggression in North Korea will get back to the Russian people. It is, therefore, to argue with their own people that the spectacular attack at Lake Success has been staged. What better platform for seem ingly authoritative statements could have been erected to suit the ( Russian propaganda directed to j their own populate? Lesson to Be Learned. There are lessons to be learned from the episode. The Soviet government evidently respects propaganda far more than does the American Government as an Instrument of international policy. The Soviets have sympathizers in small groups in different parts of the world who hear over the radio the official party line, and it may bo, the Kremlin strategists think they can sway public opinion in Asia and Latin America. The | United Nations is an excellent' sounding board apparently. If this is so, then the Allied nations have not used it to the extent that they might. Certainly the rebuttals of the Malik speeches are not sharp and incisive nor planned from the propaganda standpoint of coun terattack. The speeches thus far of the American and British rep resentatives have been meritori ous as scholarly arguments and oratorical efforts, but propaganda techniques require offensive as well as defensive strategy. Thus, the failure of the Russian government to return prisoners to Japan and Germany is being announced as a subject for the United Nations Assembly to con sider next month, but it is a much better subject for debate • right now in connection with the j Korean episode, for it shows that | the Soviet government is conceal ing the truth on a very important j subject. The prisoners etiher have been liquidated or else are still j working at hard labor. The in humane aspects can be empha sized as proof of ruthlessness. North Korean Atrocities. Similarly the atrocities com mitted by the North Korean i troops do not seem to have oc- j casioned much attention at Lake j Success. The Russian delegate,! who protects and defends North Korea in debate, has not been j put on the spot for requesting a North Korean representative to attend peace conferences when that representative is the head of a faction guilty of inhumane warfare. Likewise, the cablegram from the Chinese Communist foreign minister to Delegate Malik has not been condemned as it should have been by every member of the United Nations Council whether or not diplomatic recog nition has already been extended by some of those countries. For the Communist government in China to accuse the United States of aggression is to reveal publicly that the government at Peiping is under Soviet control even to the extent of voicing Moscow propaganda. Under such circum stances, it is difficult to see why action should not be taken con demning the Communist govern ment in China and declaring that government to be incapable of carrying out honorably its inter national obligations. Plainly the future admission of Communist China into the United Nations should be blocked because of the charges leveled against the United States, whose traditional friend ship for China and Korea is well established. If the government of China is under the control of Moscow, it is not an independent government but a tool of the Com munist mechanism. The use of a strong counter attack against Malik's propa ganda would perhaps have more effect inside Russia than most people in this country have been inclined to believe. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) TRANSFER k STORAGE CO. 460 New York Are. N.W. NA. 1070 LOCAL HAULING OUR SPECIALTY Ave. ft 31st St. A 4 7 IDIfttlyOpp.Ffm.Stmiio*} if /4 MINUTES FROM PENN STATION AND NO CAB FARE 1300 rooms with both, radio, (to water, servidor A CARTE* HOTEL too Vow Friendly Travel Agent 1 >--4 This Changing World * Wider Coalition Now, Declared Vital To Nations Under the Atlantic Pact By Constantine Brown The Atlantic Pact in its present form has become obsolete. When it was created two years ago po litical considerations dominated military reali ties. Its framers thought origi nally that an other world war was unlike ly in the fore seeable future. Even the realis tic intelligence services of the United States. Britain and Prance believed that Russia would not be Cob»UbUb« Brown, ready to start anything before 1955 or 1956. Thus the military provisions of the Atlantic Pact were intended to inspire confidence among the Western Europeans and in this manner hasten their economic and financial recovery, which had be gun with the Marshall Plan. The members of the 12-nation coalition were selected from among the countries which needed a moral boost. Thus the Benelux countries—Belgium, the Nether lands and Luxembourg—and Por tugal, all of which possess negli gible military potential, were in cluded in the pact. So was Italy, although the republic is not by the wildest stretch of the imagination an "Atlantic power.” Italy’s in clusion was prompted by political, not military, considerations. Turkey and Greece Kept Out. Turkey and Greece, which have far more important and effective military potentials than Italy, were not permitted to join this military alliance. It is true that these two countries received mili tary assistance in the form of war materials and military advisers from the United States. But the Atlantic pact members so far have refused to integrate the military power of Turkey—which is far greater than any of the Western European members—into this or ganization, which is intended to fight off a Russian onslaught. Military observers admit that the Turkish government has put to such good use the half billion dollars worth of military equip ment we have sent it that it has a ground force larger and better trained than any other country in Europe. It also has an efficient air arm. The Soviet aggression in Korea, through its puppet regime there, has caused the original members of the Atlantic Pact to change their point of view as far as the imminence of new Russian ag gressions in other parts of the world is concerned. Henceforth we may witness similar satellite moves in any corner of the globe, and particularly in Iran, Indo Ching and Germany. Nobody can guess the Russian timetable. Nobody knows Mos cow’s next targets, and this fact is worrisome, since the armed forces of the West are still so weak they cannot be everywhere at onee. Some military men fear that the Soviet may try to take the strategic islands of Iceland and Greenland, whieh have no defenses. Diplomats doubt this because, they say, "Moscow knows that this would mean war.” The fact that there is a war in Korea, where, it is true, only Rus sian satellites are lighting, does not seem to dismay the Western diplomats. Demand for Expansion. Stark realities demand now that the Atlantic Pact be ex panded at least to the other na tions which are receiving direct assistance from the United States. Under the present setup a new attack on Greece would not be considered a challenge to the Western nations, because Greece is not a member of the pact. Similarly, in the event of an at tack on Western Germany Turkey would not be called on to give us any assistance unless it were under the flag of the United Nations. There is no logical reason, it is admitted in many official quar ters in Washington, why the other countries which receive money and materials from Amer ica should not be banded together in a wider coalition than that which was set up two years ago, more for psychological than ac tual defense reasons. The United Nations forces, on which so many diplomats are relying and which are being over advertised now as the defenders of Korea, actually are composed of American and South Korean troops. Even if all the military forces reach the battle front in time, they will represent less than one and a half divisions. A conservative estimate of the force needed to push the Reds back beyond the 38th parallel is put at 8 to 10 additional divisions, a larger number than the com bined available forces of the pre sent European members of the Atlantic Pact. These facts may result, despite opposition by the diplomats, in overhauling the Atlantic Pact to make it include all nations which are willing to participate in de fense against Russian imperialism. :i, ' ■■ Loans on Apartments for £ Buying-Building or Refinancing ~ Long Term Loans With Moderate Interest Rates H. G. Smithy Company 811 15th St. N.K. 8T. 8308 Mortgage Representative-Travelers Insurance Co. \ PROPERTY MANAGEMENT—SALES—LOANS—INSURANCE ■ .= Ill ' M Furniture . . . Draperies . . . Rugs . . . Blankets... Curtains... Silver... Dishes Everything movable in your house will be safe HI in our big, clean, safe warehouse. The Cost Is Very Low I HI Phone Us for Information I idelity Storage HI Established 1905 * | [I 1420 You St. N.W. Phone NO. 3400 I Mt?s • • • - ' i I I I .: •.. and so comfortable in our alr conditioned banking room and safe deposit booths. Safe deposit boxes at moderate rates THE MUNSEY TRUST COMPANY Munsey Building . . . 1329 E Street N.W. xC Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation -----i mT ■■■ ;--jr [LOUIE —By Harry Hanan PSiPii! I Mark of Confidence Sparkman and Lodge to Represent Congress at U. N. General Assembly By Doris Flee son Senator John J. Sparkman, Alabama Democrat, and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., Massa chusetts Republican, have been chosen to rep resent Congress on the United States delega tion to the United Nations next month. In the selec tion of eon g r e ssional spokesmen the principle was adopted that no one should be named who is standing for election this d«l fall. This automatically ruled out Representatives, since all the House is up. It is planned that next year two Representatives shall be chosen. The Korean crisis, which finds the real contestants, the United States and Russia, slugging toe to toe in all-out diplomatic war in the United Nations, insures that the coming General Assembly will be one of the most fateful gatherings in history. An As sembly appointment therefore is an unusual privilege and mark of confidence. Focal Issue of Campaign. Furthermore, Korea is the focal issue of the coming campaign and the Republicans are building around it a massive effort to wrench control of Congress away from President Truman. Viewed in this light, the best choice of a Republican Senator was a real levy on the conscience of the President. Chairman Connally of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the State De partment. They resolved the problem with a handsome salute to the bipar tisan foreign policy. 8enator Lodge is able and articulate; he is Senator Vandenberg’s protege and choice of successor to Repub lican foreign policy leadership. But Senator Lodge twice recently has provoked the Democrats to spasms of rage by actions in the foreign policy field they felt were motivated solely by politics. One was his refusal to go along with the Tydings subcommittee’s destruction of the McCarthy charges. Instead Senator Ldttge issued a one-man, “plague on both your houses” report which lent a cover of respectability to Republican adoption of McCar thy’s cause. The other was last week’s Republican manifesto on foreign policy in which Senator Lodge and his GOP colleagues on Foreign Relations claimed all that was good for bipartisanship and put off all that was bad on the administration alone. Incidentally, the name Lodge figures prominently in this fall’s election though the Senator doesn’t. His brother, Representa tive John Lodge, is the Republi can nominee for Governor of Connecticut, a State vital to the Democrats this year as two Demo cratic Senators, McMahon and Benton, are up. to zealous internationalists, these may seem petty points, they are of a kind seldom disregarded in the political clinches. Southerner as Spokesman. The Sparkman appointment Is equally interesting since it places a Southerner as spokesman for the whole Nation in an interna tional arena where the color issue is being exploited by the Russians for all it is worth. The Russian propaganda is beamed not at America but at the area where Americans are dying for a free world. Senator Sparkman is an inter nationalist and a Pair Dealer ex cept for his conventional corn pone attitude on civil rights. He is about to be placed in an uncon ventional situation where the sup port of that more than half the world which is another color is vital to the war on the slavery of Communism. President Truman is already counter-attacking the Russian line with the appointment of Mrs. Edith Sampson, a Negro lawyer of Chicago, as alternate delegate to the U. N. Assembly. Inciden REDUCED FARES* TO EUROPE • AIR-STEAMSHIP • SuH infermatien anil rasarvatien* an all lina* AT NO EXTRA COST TO YOU (INI laianrfliMi New AaaepferfJ ^©ber Mssawme a veeaiat unn, mm, M» Sam. in, N.W. Mart* MM i. R. VAN SlYCKI, RraiiSant I WaMwa'i OWwf ttdm* *eW •araea—frtaSIMM IfSS - .... -nr tally, Senator Connally, a Texan, passed this appointment; it was warmly advocated by another Texan, John D. Hickerson, Assist ant Secretary of State for United Nations Affairs. How far Senator Sparkman can move with the world perhaps depends on the degree to which Alabama takes pride in the in ternational recognition accorded him. The battle over civil rights has lately been robbing Southern ers in Congress of otherwise earned recognition by their part>. The fight on Communism, ot course, transcends all local lines. Senator Sparkman is one of the Senate comers and an adminis tration pillar on the important Banking and Currency Comm’ttee which handled the economic con trols biU. Formerly House whip he is adept politically, and a Phi Beta Kappa key, University ol Alabama, attests to his brain power. His personality is humor ous and homespun in contrast to the polished Harvard Yard Lodge; they will make a picturesque pair McLemore— Anvils Never Beat In Swedish Heads By Henry McLemore STOCKHOLM. — In the United States the announcement of a positive cure for hangover would result in the discoverer being in stalled in the Hall of Fame before sundown and, before two weeks were up, depositing two or three billion dollars in his c h e c k i n g ac count. The same dis covery in Swe den would get less attention by newspapers than the out come Of a race ■*“** MeLemors. between two kayaks, and the dis coverer would have to go around begging his smorgasbord from door to door. You see, there is no such thing as a hangover in Sweden. Anvils never beat in Swedish heads. But terflies never perform their amaz ing antics in Swedish stomachs. The expression “morning after” here means only Thursday morn ing if the day before were Wednesday, or Friday morning if the day before were Thursday. Bootleggers Unknown. There are no hangovers be cause Sweden has prohibition Without calling it prohibition. Don’t be misled by the word “pro hibition” because of our experi ence with it. There are no boot leggers here. Sweden’s laws have INSULIN i U~40 - Zinc. Phot.....$9$ U-40- Plain.6# U-80 - Zinc. Phot..1.89 U-80-Plain./«* teeth like barracudas, and no one wants to be bitten by them. A man is allowed the American equivalent of one and one-half jiggers of spirits between noon and three o’clock, and it must be accompanied by at least two kro ner worth of food. From three P.M. until midnight he can have, if accompanied, by food, three jig gers of the strong stuff. In. other words, he can have four and one half jiggers during a twelve-hour period. Women—Sweden still consider ing them the weaker sex—can have just a shade more than one half of that amount. Cafes Abound With Spies. To see to it that there is no cheating, all the places which serve liquor abound with govern ment spies posing as guests. In talking to the owner of what is far and away the best restaurant in Stockholm I learned that the restaurant owners have to pay half of the salaries of the gov ernment agents, plus half of what they eat while spying. This same man told me why there was no drinking at the bar. The spies couldn't keep track of what was served across a bar, whereas they are capable of keeping an accurate count of what is served on a tray to the diner. Let a waiter serve an eye dropper too much, and off lie goes to jail. Let an owner have a couple of waiters go to jail and he is minus a license to operate. Sweden is merciless with drunk en drivers. No one questions that stand.. But one is forced to ques tion what Sweden considers a drunken driver, with a month in jail and the revoking of the driver’s license for a year as the penalties. In Sweden a man would be a fool to drive a car after having so much as one cocktail or one highball—even hours after he has had the one drink. The slightest odor Df whisky on a man’s breath is tantamount to a jail sentence. (Distributed by McNsught Syndicate, Ine.) You CAN Buy that Dream! - - . • Yes indeed, you might just as well pay on a home of your own as pay monthly rent. Oriental's Direct Reduction Loan is paid back just as you pay your rent —at terms that are sure to meet with your approval. Como in and talk your plans over with our officers, they will tell you how it can be done. i:'r Washington’s Oldest Savings and Loan Association 600 F St. N.W. ESTABLISHED 1861 NA. 7300 ■.OPEN THURSDAY NITE TIL 9—CLOSED SAT. DURING AUGUST ■ PRICES REGROUPED and Further Reduced in Grosner9* Semi-Annual 100% All-Wool GABARDINE SUITS Were $55.00 & $6750 39.75 Solid colors . . . 100% all wool worsted lightone and medium shade gabardines, also iridescents. WHITE SHIRTS — Our Grog-Modern broad cloth. Were (3.95, now_$2.95 S for (8.50 GROS-MESH WHITE SHIRTS — Lightweight combed yarn. Were (3.65, now —- $2.65 3 for (7.50 HOSE—Cottons, rayons, nylons, anklets, sizes 10& to 13. Were 75c. -—49c 3 for (1.25 UNDERWEAR — Boxer shorts; Swiss ribbed undershirts. Were (1.00 and (1.25, now 79c 3 for (1.25 • NYLON SHORTS AND UNDERSHIRTS—Boxer style. Were (2.95, now_$1.95 SLACKS—Rayon tropicals, solid colors. Were (9.95, now —*-$7.95 All-Wool tropical worsteds, solid colors and stripes. Were (16.75, now_$10.95 SPORT SHIRTS — Short sleeve, rayons and eottons. Were (3.95 and (4.50, now_$2.95 3 for (8.50 Long sleeve rayons and gabardines. Were (5.00 and (5.95, now__$3.95 3 for (11.50 lOO-O/o Dupont—Reg. $8.95 - NYLON SHIRTS Pine gauge, single needle, p* /-'v ocean pearl buttons, slotted ^ U W collar, barrel cuffs. All kJ sizes and sleeve lengths. _L_ All Straw Hats y2 PRICE .Were $5 to $12.50—Now $2.50 to $6.25 100% All Wool Fall Weights WORSTED SUITS Were $49.75 & $59.00 A Jr 100% all-wool hard - finished \ | ^ worsteds. Sharkskins and two-ply 1 ■“#■ twists, single and double-breasted. I drape and semi-conservative models, solid colors, sharkskin weaves and chalk stripes. Browns, start payments greys and blues. Not all sizes in m September each lot. Tropicals $35.00 & $40.00 .. Now .*.*«; ■ •*. “ - > i Wrinkle-resistant rayon suits in blue, tali, grey and willow, plain shades and fancy patterns. ^1 =———-* - Worsted Tropicals Were $50.00 . . . . . Now 100% all-wool tropicals, fine hair lines, stripes, and plain shades, in blue, tan and grey. $34.75 Nationally .Advertised Famous Make TROPICAL SUITS . _ * ■ "•* ? *“7* ^ i ' These are the product of the largest maker of Summer Suits in America . . . all fresh stock ... all sizes, regulars, longs, shorts and stouts. The Famous blend and sparkling patterns will thrill you at the savings price. SAVE $10 ON EVERY ONE YOU BUY Stetson Shoes Cobbler Shoes $18.50 & $20 i 2 Q C $11.95 to$13.95 q r Now_Now_—iPy-'* Groups of Scotchgrains, calfskins, brushed calfs, moccasins, wing tips, hand wovens, vents, tan and white or black and white in gen uine buck. Not all sizes in every lot. $10.95 Handmade Moccasins ___$8.95