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Mostly sunny, warm and humid. High in upper 80s. Chance of thundershower. To morrow sunny, continued humid. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 72 6 a.m. ___69 11 a.m. -._78 2 a.m. 70 8 a.m. _._70 Noon_81 4 a.m. 69 10 am. ___75 1 p.m. ___82 § I Guide for Readers I Amusements _„A-9 Church News -A-6-8 Classified -.A-10-17 Comics _A-18-19 Editorial_A-4 Editorial Articles A-5 p»e« Lost and Found.A-S Obituary_A-6 Real Estate. Radio _A-19 Sports _B-8-9 Society, Clubs.-.A-5 An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 238. Phone ST. 5000 ** —-Jm WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1950—THIRTY PAGES. City Homs Delivery. Dally and Sunday. *1.20 a Month: when 6 M Sundays, *1.30. Ni*ht Final Edition. *1.30 and *1.40 p«r Month. ® J. O U.S. Planes Help South Koreans Check Fresh Red Attack in East; Enemy'Cut in Half'Near Taegu Foe's Divisions Pull Back for Regrouping By Russell Brines AtM<iat*d Prut Foreign Correspondent TOKYO, Aug. 26.—Korean Reds •hifted their attack to the east coast today after American de fenders “cut in half” Communist forces trying to smash through the Kumhwa “death trap” to Taegu American aircraft struck in force this afternoon at a fresh Red assault north of Kigye and Po hang, on the eastern end of the 120-mile United Nations defense line. Their rockets, bombs and ma chine guns helped South Koreans check a “heavy attack,” Associated Press Correspondent Jack Mac Beth reported. Airmen reported the rest of the front quiet. But Gen. MacAr thur’s headquarters said the spear head of at least 20,000 Reds hit South Korean forces for the sec ond consecutive day near Chong no, 30 miles northwest of Kigye and 13 miles northeast of Kum hwa. The United States 8th Army said the South Koreans were hold irig fast after launching a sharp counterattack which regained a mile of lost ground. Reds Withdraw to Regroup. This is on a more roundabout road to the American advance base of Taegu than the Kumhwa highway where Allied troops man gled three Red divisions who tried for a week to smash through the death trap corridor. These Red divisions pulled back, apparently to regroup. Associated i Press Correspondent Don White head reported the pullback mo mentarily eased the main threat to Taegu. Field officers said the badly mauled divisions couldn't! launch a new attack for at least 10 days. In Taegu itself, American Am bassador John J. Muccio said the threat to that important Ameri- ! ban base has passed. American infantrymen on the fouthern front blocking the gate way to Pusan, key American base, j beat off two Red a<taeks. In one of these Americans fought in their j Own foxholes, hand to hand with the Reds, Associated Pre^ Cor respondent Stan Swinton re ported. In the other, a company of grenade-throwing GIs stopped 1.000 Reds trying to take Mount Sobuk. New Pusan Drive Seen. Intelligence reports said around 15.000 Reds have assembled in this southwest sector for what may be another offensive toward Pusan. But in the north, American troops around Kumhwa relaxed. Associated Press Correspondent Don Huth quoted an 8th Army spokesman as saying these Ameri can troops “took sun baths” after seven days of bitter fighting. Mr. Huth said the Americans, In smashing the Red thrusts at Kumhwa, has passed the, major crisis since withdrawing to the piesent defense perimeter. Frontline officers told Mr. Whitehead that most of the 30, 600 Communists in this sector were withdrawing beyond range of American artillery. These officers said the effec tiveness of these divisions—the 3d 13th and 15th—and the two North Korean Division on the nearby Chongno road had been “cut in half.” Front “Well Stabilized.” A, spokesman at Gen. Mae Arthur's headquarters said this force—the Reds’ largest concen tration—is still the main Com munist threat. The entire front is “pretty well stabilized,” he said. But the Reds still outnumber United Nations de fenders and still “retain the ca pability of attacking at several places simultaneously.” But, he added, "during the past few weeks we have been able to meet those attacks on pretty even terms.” Admiral Arthur W. Radford, Pa (See KOREA, Page A-2.) What You Should Know About the Atom Bomb Can we survive an Atomic Bomb raid? What kind of shelters and buildings offer the most pro tection? Is fatal radiation inevitable? These and many other ques tions are answered in an of fical Government publication entitled “The Effects of Atomic Weapons.” Compiled and edited by nearly 100 top American scientists, the book is written in technical language but con tains, nevertheless, a vast fund of readily understood informa tion which will allay the fear that no defense Is available. A limited number of the books has been obtained from the Government Printing Of fice for sale at the business counter in The Star Building ** the official price of $1.25. Dazed Survivors of Ship Crash Tell of Hours in Bitter Cold \ Two survivors (center and right) from the hospital ship Benevolence, their faces showing their ordeal, are helped ashore at a Coast Guard dock. —AP Wirephoto. By the Associated Press SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 26.— To a man, survivors of the sunken hospital ship Benevolence talked last night of the bitter cold as they came ashore at the fog shrouded docks at Fort Mason. The shocked survivors were landed at the arc-lighted docks— along with the injured and dead— with their teeth still chattering so that some could hardly talk. Those who had been working in the ship's engine room had en dured for hours the icy water of the foggy Pacific, 4 miles off the Golden Gate. “I was on a raft for two and one-half days at Guadalcanal, but this hour and 15 minutes in the cold water seemed twice as long,” said Ronald Badkirk, a civilian chief carpenter of the Military Sea Transport Service, which was renovating the Benevolence for the Navy. Many survivors said they felt two shocks when the Benevolence (See SURVIVORS. Page A-3.) j Quiz of Red POWs Shows Russia Gave Weapons in June Disclosure of Soviet Aid Comes as China Masses Two Armies By John A. Giles The Army disclosed today that interrogation of North Korean prisoners “tends to confirm re ports that Soviet Russia sent equipment to North Korean Reds as late as last June.” The disclosure came as military strategists worried over reports that Chinese Communists have ! massed two armies in Manchuria near the Korean border. A spokesman announced that in one case a Red prisoner claimed he witnessed delivery of Russian weapons to the Koreans in June. Saw Seals on Boxes. “He said he saw Russian seals on boxes and among the weapons he claimed to have seen delivered were two dozen 76-millimeter and 22 122-millimeter artillery pieces.” The spokesman added that non American representatives of United Nations witnessed the question ing of the prisoner who “stated that he made the statement with out being subjected to threats or without being offered any re ward.” Disclosure that Chinese Com munists have massed forces on the border raised immediate ques tions of whether their presence, unofficially estimated at from 200, 000 to 500,000, along with the commandeering of shipping and the building of strong defenses, meant that the heretofore local ized Korean war was to become World War III. The Army s official spokesman disclosed the following reports had been received “through official channels”: 1. The two Chinese Red armies have been moved to the border. 2. The Chinese Communist ! Party is recruiting civilian labor (See CHINESE, Page A-2.) Mrs. Marjorie Simpson, Sculptress, Drowns in Bay By th» Associated Pres* ANNAPOLIS, Aug. 26.—Mrs. Marjorie Emory Simpson, 40 year-old sculptress, drowned last night in Chesapeake Bay near here. She had gone for a solo swim. Her body washed up on the heach not far from her Anne Arundel County home. It was found by her brother Alien B. Emory, and a friend, Joseph Pax ton. Mrs. Simpson was well known for her sculpture of famous race horses. Russian-Chinese Tiff Reported on Invasion Of Formosa by Reds Former Soviet Envoy Said to Be in Peiping To Stall China Plans By the Associated Press HONG KONG, Aug. 26.—A Chi ness Nationalist newspaper said today the former Russian chief in Japan is in Peiping wrangling with fhinese Reds over the pro posed invasion of Formosa. The newspaper Kung Sheung said Maj. Gen. Kuzma Devev ; yanko, who left Japan shortly be fore the outbreak of the Korean War was trying to stall Chinese Red plans for the invasion of Formosa. Gen. Derevyanko was reported aiding Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Molotov, Com munist co-ordinator for Asia, also in Peiping. It quoted diplomatic sources as saying Moscow wants Communist China to hold up the long threatened invasion until the Korean war situation clarifies. me newspaper gave this, ac count of the wrangle: 1. Mao Tze-tung, Chinese Red boss, indicated willingness to de lay the Formosa action only if Russia will supply submarines, transport planes and other sup plies. 2. Mao complained of the Mos cow timetable “for launching the invasion of South Korea before the invasion of Taiwan (For mosa).” The Korean action fired | up the United States into pro tecting Formosa, Mao argued, and made the invasion a much tougher job. Moreover, he said, the Korean war now looks like it will be a long, drawn-out affair. , 3: Russia and Red China may have reached complete accord on a policy of "exploiting to the hilt the existing differences between British and American policies to ward Red China.” Less Noise for Firemen BUFFALO, N. Y., Aug. 26 (£>).— The fire department’s last 16-inch gong has been replaced by a 6 inch type that is much quieter. Fire Commissioner Harold R. Becker figures the new gongs will be “easier on the nerves and probably cause less heart trouble.” Mrs. Attlee to Train LONDON, Aug. 26 (jP)._Mrs. Violet Attlee, wife of Britain's prime minister, enrolled today for special civil defense training. She will take a course in ambulance duties. 18 Known Dead, Others on Ship May Be Safe Navy Hospital Vessel Rammed and Sunk in San Francisco Fog By th« Associated Brest SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 26.* With 18 persons dead, the Navy today said it believed that it had accounted for all others of the ap proximately 515 aboard the hos pital ship Benevolence when it was rammed and sunk off the Golden Gate last night. The vessel, which was hit by the freighter Mary Luckenbach during a heavy fog, was not carry ing any hospital patients on its trial run, the Navy said. The survivors were scattered through various hospitals in the San Francisco Bay area, or had gone to their homes in nearby cities. The crash occurred south of the main ship channel entering San Francisco Bay, about four miles out from the Golden Gate Bridge. Visibility was zero as a blind ing white fog drifted in from sea. Tneoutgoing freighter ripped into the white flank of the hos pital ship which was entering the harbor. The freighter appeared little damaged. It crept into port during the night. Ship Lying on Side. As the fog listed this morning the E22-foot hospital ship could be seen lying flat on its side, thd lifeboat davits exposed and the giant red crosses shining on the white hull. The Navy said it expected to have a casualty list available about 10 a.m., PDT. Capt. T. R. Wirth, chief of staff of the 12th Naval District, said the Benevolence keeled over with in 15 minutes after the collision. Investigation Set Today. Admiral George D. Murray, commander of the Western Sea Frontier, ordered a court of in quiry convened at 8 a.m. (PDT) Capt. Cecil D. Riggs Of Alexandria Among Survivors of Sinking Capt. Cecil D. Riggs of 521 Hilltop terrace. Alexandria, senior medical officer of the sunken hospital ship Benevo lence. was among the sur vivors of the sea accident, the Associated Press reported to day. Before joining the ship about five weeks ago, Capt. Riggs was in charge of the Naval Dispensary here. He and the ship’s skipper, Capt. B. E. Bacon, are in Oak Knoll Hospital, Oakland. Calif. today to search out the cause of the accident. Surviving Navy officers and, presumably, the captain and other crewman of the freighter, will give their version of how the two ves sels came together. The Benevolence, until recently laid up with the reserve fleet at Mare Island Navy Yard, had been pulled out for duty in the Korean War zone. She was on her last shakedown cruise preparatory to entering duty. She was just off the Gate, heading in for her Mare Island dock, when the Mary Luckenbach loomed up out of the thick fog. Survivors said the Benevolence swung sharply to port (left) and the freighter rammed into her starboard side, ripping open her plates and causing her to sink rapidly. The hospital ship cap sized and went down in 75 feet of water, managing to send out one call for assistance just before sinking. 75 Coast Guard Craft Sent Out. The Coast Guard sent out 75 craft, the Army dispatched half a dozen tugs, and Ashing craft converged from all over the area (See SHIP, Page A-3.) DONT BE A . HOODLUM,SON... ^ NICE LITTLE BOYS \ DONT DO V THAT r State Dept. Assails Matthews Talk Urging 'Preventive War' Navy Secretary's Speed Sharply Disapproved; Not Cleared in Advance By the Associated Press The State Department today ex pressed sharp disapproval of a speech by Navy Secretary Mat I thews at Boston in which he said the United States should be will ing to start a war in the interest of peace. Reporters were told by Press Officer Roger Tubby that the speech “was not cleared by the Department of State." He added: “Mr. Matthews’ remarks about instituting a war for peace do not represent United States policy. The United States Government does not favor instituting a war of any kind." The White House refused com ment on the speech. White House i officials said in response to a | query that it was not cleared there in advance, i Against "Preventive War." In his address, at the Boston | Navy Yard last night. Mr. Mat ; thews said this country should be | willing to pay any price, “even j the price of instituting a war. to ! compel co-operation for peace.” He did not represent this view ! to be Government policy. State Department officials and many others in the administra | tion have always talked very strongly against any action by the United States or the Western powers to undertake what is sometimes called the “preven tive war." They contend that only by fol lowing a policy of peace until compelled to fight to resist ag gression—as in Korea—can the United States hope either to achieve the kind of world it wants or to maintain its position of leadership among peacefully in clined nations. Mr. Matthews, who said the text of his address was not cleared in advance by “any agency of Gov ernment," had this to say about the State Department’s reaction: “It was not intended to be any expression of administration pol <See MATTHEWS. Page A-3.) Firemen Go Bugs GRAND RAPIDS. Mich.. Aug. 26 (/P).—Smoke was reported swirling out of a tower of the Kent County Building. Firemen found otherwise. It was a swarm of bugs. 5,000 Raiding Huks Kill 167, Protest Filipino Aid n Korea By the Associated Press MANILA, Aug. 26.—Five thou sand rebels, shouting opposition to the Philippines’ entry into the Korean war, looted, burned and killed last night and today in terror raids on 11 Central Luzon towns. They left 167 dead and scores wounded. Heavy police guards were thrown around Manila, the capi tal. A national defense headquar ters spokesman said the Huk balahap raids would not change plans to send a Filipino combat team to Korea as soon as trans portation is available. The Hukbalahaps, peasant guer rillas who fought the Japanese throughout World War II, stormed out of canebrakes and foothills in their worst rampage. T^iey killed 100 persons at Tar lac, 70 miles north of Manila. Many were civilians. Philippines Army tanks were rushed to Tar lac. The Huks also roared into Spray at, only 10 miles from the United States Air Force base at Clark Field, northwest of Manila. Planes of the United States 13th Air Force stationed there are charged with the defense of the Philippines as well as Formosa. At Camp Macabulos, Philippines constabulary headquarters, the Huks killed 10 troopers in their beds. They also killed 16 enlisted men and 4 officers, including two women officers. Ddlense Secretary Ruperto Kan gleon called the raids a con certed attack on the government. An intelligence service spokes man said its agents recently had found Chinese language handbills urging the Huks to strike in aid of Communists on the Asiatic main land. These dodgers were signed “Mao,” the spokesman said. Mao Tze-tung is leader of the Chinese Communists. Woman Who Lived In a Shoe Now Has Rival in Cab Driver By the Associated Press SALFORD, England. Aug. 26.—Taxi Driver Tom Bow den was fined one pound <$2.80> yesterday for over loading his cab, licensed to carry four passengers. A policeman told the court he counted one grown-up passenger and 20 children— six standing on the back seat, five sitting on the seat edge, eight standing on the floor and one in the front seat j with the driver and the adult passenger. Legion Chief Demands War as Answer to Further Red Attacks Asks End to All Pacts We Have With Soviet; Speaks in Official Role By the Associated Press George N. Craig, national com mander of the American Legon, demanded today that the Unted I States construe any further Com munst satellite aggressions as j “the signal for our bombers to w'ing their way toward Moscow.” His get-tough appeal was voiced in an address prepared for de livery over the NBC network. Mr. Craig said he gave his views "as chief spokesman for the American Legion.” He said Marshall Plan countries should be required now to stop trading writh iron curtain nations, j and the tcalled for a prompt j world-wide understanding of where the various nations will stand if World War III comes. Asks Monroe Doctrine Extension. The commander proposed: 1. Extension of the Monroe Doctrine to all the free areas of the world desiring such protection. 2. Ruthless economic sanctions against Russia, and withdrawal of i American recognition of the Soviet Union. “If Russia is going to bring on World War III, let us have it upon | our terms.” he said. Mr. Craig said the United States should demand abrogation or clarification of non-aggression pacts between England and Rus-; sia, and Prance and Russia. “We should not leave legal grounds upon which our Allies, whom we are financing with bil lions of dollars, might justify their neutrality in case of a final show down,” the Legion chief added. U. M. T. Is Urged. 1. Universal military training be enacted. 2. Immediate legislation to wipe out communism in America, be- j cause “the Communists now con spiring and plotting in the United States are the same brand nowj killing American boys in Korea.”! 3. Political, economic and psychological offensives against communism, co-ordinated and strengthened under one Govern ment agency. 4. Immediate abrogation of the Yalta agreement “and every treaty we have with the Soviets,” on grounds that Russia has broken 68 pacts and treaties in recent years. Belgian Battalion to Join U. N. Forces in Korea By the Associated Press BRUSSELS, Aug. 26.—A bat talion of about 1,000 Belgian vol unteer troops is to join the United ; Nations forces in Korea. The Belgian cabinet decided yesterday on this contribution to i its U. N. obligation. House Meets Today To Pass $16.7 Billion Defense Supplement Bill Will Help Swell Budget to $70 Billion; Omnibus Package OKd By J. A. O'Leary The House meets today to pass a $16.7 billion defense bill that will help swell this year s budget to $70 billion. Leaders called the rare Satur day session last night after the House had: 1. Approved and sent to the Senate the $36.1 billion omnibus money bill, carrying part of the military program and all of the operating funds for other Gov ernment departments. 2. Accepted the Senate’s loan to Spain with the amount cut from $100 million to $62.5 million. 3. Restored the President’s Point Pour program of technical help for backward areas of the world to the Senate figure of $26.9 million, which had been cut tentatively Thursday night to $15 million. Temporary Job Vote Set. In the emergency defense bill today the House will vote on a far-reaching plan to make all new appointments to Government jobs temporary and to encourage the defense establishment to get need ed civilian personnel by transfer from non-defense agencies, as far as possible. The rapidly changing figures on the Government's over-all spending plans for the next 10 months indicate the preparedness plans of the United States and her allies are gaining momentum. A week ago unofficial estimates indicated the Federal budget would be at least $57 billion for the current year. At noon yes terday Chairman Cannon of the House Appropriations Committee revealed figures showing it would be close to $60 billion. Another $10 Billion Needed. Three hours later. Representa tive Mahon, Democrat, of Texas, in charge of the armed forces budget, revealed that the military services will need another $10 bil lion in a few months, in addi tion to the $16.7 billion measure up today. Before the fighting began in Korea two months ago it looked as though the Government would get by this year on $40 billion. Figures revealed yesterday show that the regular appropriations carried in the omnibus bill, plus $6.5 billion of fixed charges, such as interest on the public debt, bring the omnibus bill up to roughly $42.7 billion. When the emergency bill before the House today is added, the total becomes $59.4 billion, and Mr. Mahon's forecast of $10 billion more in the Pentagon ' planning stage (See APPROPRIATIONS. A-2.> Civilian Share of Rubber Cut 20% for Rest of Year The Government has ordered an approximate 20 per cent cut in use of both synthetic and natural rubber for civilian goods in the last four months of 1950. The Commerce Department order seeks to reduce consumption from slightly more than 100,000 tons a month to about 90,000 tons. Department officials first said the cut would apply only to natural rubber, but later said synthetic also is affected. The objective, they said, is "to provide for a proper apportionment of rubber between Government and civilian needs” The Government’s needs are! mostly for military use and stock- j piling. Army Preparing To Take Over Rails Tomorrow U. S. Seizes Carriers To Avert National Strike Monday The Army today rushed Its preparations for taking over operation of the Nation's rail roads starting at 5 p. m. tomor row. Late yesterday President Tru man ordered Government seizure Text of Truman Statement on Rail Seizure. Page A-5 of 131 railroads to forestall a strike of trainmen and conductor* scheduled for Monday morning. Half an hour after the Presi dent issued his order the two : unidns called off the strike of their 300,000 members and in a state Iment said the men “gladly” will [work for the Government “until ! this dispute can be settled on its i merits.” Seizure Called Imperative. Mr. Truman acted after a stale mate developed in the prolonged i negotiations between the opera I tors and the unions over demands j for increased pay. In a statement the President said. “Govern mental seizure is imperative for the protection of our citizens.” Mr. Truman designated Secre tary of the Army Pace to operate the carriers. Mr. Pace is expected to turn th« operating job over to Maj. Gen. Frank A. Weileman, chief of the Army’s Transportation Corps, and Brig. Gen. Andrew F. McIntyre, a reserve officer on leave from the Pennsylvania Railroad. Assistant Army Secretary Karl R. Bendet sen was designated as overall superviser. No interruptions in rail service were expected in view of the Gov ernment’s actions. But the Jus tice Department was ready with the necessary legal papers to seek a court injunction Monday in case any difficulties developed. Union Claims Big Victory. Both sides in the 18-month dis pute suggested that their differ iences might now be allowed to (simmer for a while. The unions (called the seizure order a “tre i mendous victory” because they 1 had been urging such action since August 4. Actually, however, seizure re lieves pressure from both sides. iThe carriers will operate as usual without the threat of a strike hanging over their heads. The 'unions won't have to worry about being militant enough in behalf j of their demands because strike action seems out. It seemed that neither side gained an advantage over the other due to seizure. A union spokesman suggested that new negotiators for the rail roads might be assigned to take over the bargaining. The unions have protested that “lawyers and junior executives.” instead of railroad presidents, have been do ing the bargaining for the rail roads. The unions want the same pay for a 40-hour week as now paid for 48 hours—requirnig a 31-cent hourly increase—for workers in yard service. For those in train service, the trainmen and con ductors want wage adjustments that would wipe out the pay dif ferentials enjoyed by firemen and engineers. 23-Cent Boost Offered. The railroads have gone as high as 23 cents increase for yard servicemen, and a 5-cent boost for train servicemen. Presidents W. Park Kennedy of the trainmen and R. O. Hughes of the conductors planned to leave Washington “for a short rest.” The carriers said their represen tatives would remain here in case they are called for data by the Army or Presidential Assistant John R. Steelman. Mr. Steelman (See RAILS, Page A-3.) Major Quake in Aleutians Recorded at Cleveland By th« Associated Press CLEVELAND, Aug. 26.—A major earthquake occurred at 12:48:20 a.m., (EDT) today at the eastern edge of the Aleutians. It was re corded today on the John Carroll University seismograph. Father Henry F. Birkenhauer, observatory director, said the quake registered about 3,400 miles northwest of Cleveland. The Aleutians are characterized by quakes close to the surface of the earth. The quakes usually art . strong enough to cause tidal wavdp if they occur off the coast, he sajQ. Stories Related To Page I News Relating to Korea. Allied Troops Hold Battle Moun tain After Hard Fight. Page A-2, Relating to Formosa. Full U. N. Hearing on Formosa Next Week. Page A-3. Relating to Rails. Negotiations Pushed in Canadian Rail Strike. Page A-5.