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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 07, 1950, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Increasing cloudiness but mostly sunmr
today, high 74. taeudy untgM, Hv 5a x
Tomorrow cloudy, occasional rain. (Full
report on Page A-2 )
Midnight, 64 6 a.m. ...57 11 a.m. ...70
2 a.m. ...63 8 a.m. ...59 Noon_72
4 a.m. 59 10 a.m. 67 1 p.m. 73
Late New York Markets, Page A-27.

Carrier Home Delivery
Evening and Sunday
$1.50* Per Month
Phone STerling 5000
Washington's Groat Home Newspaper
•Night Pinal 10c Additional
An Associated Press Newspaper
98th Year. No. 250. Phone ST. 5000 *
Horn* Delivery, Monthly Rates: Evening and Sunday, $1.60; er /TijivrrpQ
Evening only, $1.10; Sunday only. 46c; Night Final. 10c additional. ** V-'XIjXv X O
Chapman Blasts
Red Charge as
Another 'Smear'
Says Schoeppel Attack
Was Attempt to Block
Alaska Statehood
By J. A. O'Leary
/ Secretary of the Interior Chap
man today labeled the request for
an investigation of his loyalty an
other case of “smear technique
which has become the stock in
trade of little men in high places.”
“Propagandists for Soviet Rus
sia are not the only ones who are
skilled in the use of the ‘big lie,’ ”
the cabinet officer added.
At his own request, he went
before the Senate Interior and In
sular Affairs Committee to answer
a series of allegations made on
the Senate floor Tuesday by Sen
ator Schoeppel, Republican, of
Mr. Chapman also charged the
attacks on him and other Interior
officials are “a last-ditch attempt
to block Statehood for Alaska.”
Schoeppel Sits by Chapman.
Senator Schoeppel was on hand
In the big Senate Caucus Room
to hear the cabinet member’s an
swer. Before the hearing started
the Kansas Republican sat beside
Secretary Chapman to accommo
date newsreel men and photogra
phers. The two men chatted
pleasantly while the flashbulbs
went off.
In his Senate speech, Senator
Schoeppel insisted that “I do not
at this time charge any of these
officials with disloyalty, with
treasonable acts, or with perjury.
I merely ask that the facts which
I present, which themselves raise
the question, be fully explored ...”
After he had answered com
pletely every question raised in the,
Schoeppel speech, Mr. Chapman
turned toward the Kansas Sena
tor and, in a voice full of indigna
tion, said:
“I challenge you and dare you
to shed the cloak of immunity;
and repeat the speech you made
on the floor of the Senate.”
Schoeppel Asks No Questions.
“I have no money to leave my
family,” the Interior Secretary;
continued, “I have only my repu-j
tation, and, by the grace of GodJ(
no man Is going to take it from
Senator Schoeppel made no im
mediate reply. Later, when Chair
man O’Mahoney invited him to
cross-examine the witness. Sena
tor Schoeppel asked no questions.
He suggested a day or two be set
aside next week for further hear
ings after his administrative as
sistant, Frank Bow, who is out of
the city, returns. He said he had
consulted Mr. Bow in preparing
the speech, and that he would
give the chairman the names of
witnesses to be called later.
“I have no other comments at
this time,” Senator Schoeppel con
cluded. “I want to go over the
statements Mr. Chapman has
Senator Schoeppel said he ap
preciated the fact that Secretary
Chapman “has been forthright
about this.” The Senator added
that the Secretary had been “a
little harsh,” but he was not ob
jecting to that.
Mr. Chapman told Senator
Schoeppel a telephone call to the
Interior Department before the
Senate speech was made would
(See CHAPMAN, Page A-10.)
Reds Add 3 Americans
To 'War Crime' List
By the Associated Press
MOSCOW, Sept. 7.—The Lit
eray Gazette today added three
American generals to its list of
“war criminals.”
They were Maj. Gen. George E.
Stratemeyer, Far East commander
of the United States Air Force;
Maj. Gen. Earle E. Partridge, com
mander of the United States 5th
Air Force in Japan, and Brig. Gen.
Edward J. Timberlake, jr„ vice
commander of the 5th Air Force.
The Moscow weekly publication
called the three “executioners of
the Korean people” and cartooned
them in uniforms dripping with
blood. The drawing also showed
a bomb falling to earth labeled
“Made in U. S. A. With Tradi
tional Friendship for China, signed
Earlier this week the Gazette
predicted that Harold Stassen,
American Republican leader, would
some day be tried as a war crim
The Gazette said Gen. Strate
meyer was “famous for his ability
to cotton up” to Gen. MacArthur,
and that Gen. Timberlake “even
In the American Army is famous
as a model ignoramus” who
“startled West Point with his stu
pidity.” Gen. Partridge is well
known not so much for his mili
tary Qualities, but for his “love
of comfort which does not desert
him even at battle stations,” the
Gazette added. ,
a personal apology to the Marine Corps League, saying that
“whenever I make a mistake, I try to correct it as quickly as
possible.’’ Gen. Clifton B. Cates, Marine Corps commandant, is
at left. —Star Staff Photo.
Truman Will Address
Nation Saturday Night
On His Control Plans
Home-Front Measure
Being Analyzed, but
Signing May Wait
By Cecil Holland
President Truman said today
he would address the Nation
Saturday night to explain what
home-front controls would be in
' voked in meeting the situation
brought about by the fighting in
He made the announcement at
a news conference but he refused
to say at this time what controls;
are being contemplated and how!
they woQld be used. The time of
the broadcast has not been an
The President said the home
front mobilization bill passed last
week by Congress may not be
signed for a few days. He added
that the legislation is being
analyzed by the departments con
cerned and that a great deal of
work remained to be done.
Will Answer Questions.
However, Mr. Truman said he
would attempt to answer all the
questions in the Saturday night
speech and in advance of that he
could not discuss the details of
administering the control pro
Mr. Truman said also no plans
are under consideration at this
time for setting up a single agency
to stabilize prices and wages. He
has said repeatedly that price
wage controls are not yet in sight.
Before the President’s news con
ference, it had been reported in
administration and congressional
circles that a new agency would
be created as a sort of “cadre”.—
probably within the framework of
an existing agency—for planning
a program of wage and price con
trols for use if and when such
controls are needed and for fol
lowing price developments in all
major industrial areas.
The President’s statement that
a wage-price stabilization agency
is not being considered now em
phasized that the administration
is planning to rely for the time
being on increased taxation, credit
controls and other limited actions
for combatting any trends toward
However, the whole wage-price
structure has been under study by
interested agencies and it is un
derstood that consideration has
been given, below the White House
level, to setting up some agency
for checking on prices and plan
ning a program for possible future
Administration officials have
(See CONTROLS, Page A-4.)
President Won't Sign
Red Registration Bill
If Congress Passes It
McCarran's Measure
Worse Than Republican
He Tells Conference
By th* Associated Press
President Truman said today
he won’t sign the McCarran Com
munist registration bill if Con
gress sends it to him. "
He told a news conference the
; bill, sponsored by Senator Mc
| Carran, Democrat, of Nevada, is
! the same as the Republican
Mundt-Nixon bill, but revised by
McCarran to make it a little worse.
The bill is now pending in the
Senate. It aims to tighten up
generally existing anti-subversive
laws and would also require regis
tration with the Government by
Communists and Communist
front organizations.
The bill has strong support in
the Senate Republican Leader
Wherry of Nebraska said todav
most GOP Senators will vote for it.
The House already has passed e
Communist registration measure.
Pocket Veto Possible.
If the bill reached Mr. Truman
and he refused to sign it, the pos
sible effect would be to kill it,
since Congress is rushing to recess
as quickly as it can.
By withholding his signature,
the President can kill a bill if Con
gress is not in session 10 days after
the bill reaches him. This is gen
erally known as a “pocket veto.”
If Congress still is in session 10
days after a bill goes to the White
House, the measure becomes law
even if the President does not sign
it—provided he does not return it
to Congress with a veto message.
Mr. Truman would not comment
to reporters on a substitute for the
McCarran bill that is being pushed
by some administration Senators.
Concentration Camps Provided.
The substitute, sponsored by
Senator Kilgore, Democrat, of
West Virginia and five other
Democrats, would give the At
torney General power to put per
sons who were members of the
Communist Party any time after
December 31, 1948, in concentra
tion camps during war or declared
national emergencies.
Indications are that the Senate
(See SUBVERSIVES, Page A-3.)
Czechs Execute Two
PRAGUE, Sept. 7 (&).—'Two
convicted spies were put to death
yesterday after their appeals had
been turned down by the Czecho
slovak Supreme Court, the official
news agency reported today. The
men, both Czechs, were Jaroslav
Vetejska and Prantisek Havlicek.
FBI's Head Quoted as Ready
To Arrest 12,000 if War Comes
By the Associated Press
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover
was reported to have told Sena
tors today his agents ar% ready to
arrest 12,000 dangerous Commu
nists if war should break out with
A member of the Senate Appro
priations Committee, asking not
to be named, quoted Mr. Hoover
as telling the group in a closed
session that he needs more funds
for additional agents to keep a
close check on these persons.
He said Mr. Hoover wants his
agents to be able “to put these
people to bed at night and get
them up in the morning” in
watching their activities.
President Truman asked Con
gress last week for $6 million to
finance increased FBI activity due
to “the changed international
The FBI told reporters then that
the money was needed to permit
hiring of 835 new agents and 1,218
new clerical workers.
The Senate committee called
Mr. Hoover before it to learn just
what he proposed to do with the
Mr. Hoover was reported to have
told the committee that a special
problem is posed by the fact that
half of the 12,000 dangerous Com
munists are American citizens,
many of them native bom.
He was quoted as saying it
would be up to the Justice Depart
ment to decide whether these per
sons could be arrested immediate
ly, as well as the aliens.
Senators said the 12,000 have
been listed by the FBI as the most
potentially “dangerous”—from a
national security standpoint—of
more than 50,000 known Commu
nists on which the FBI has been
keeping tabs.
Truman Visits
Marine League
And Gets Medal
Quick Trip Follows
Apology for Remarks
About Corps
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman today made
an unheralded visit to the Marine
Corps League convention and told
the delegates he hopes that “from
now on there never will be any
misunderstanding’’ between him
and the Marines.
The league gave him a standing
ovation and applauded furiously
Texts of President’s Talk and
Letter of Yesterday. Page A-3
as Mr. Truman received the or
ganization’s Distinguished Guest
The President’s quick trip to the
Statler Hotel convention followed
his apology to the Marine Corps
last night for dubbing it a Navy
“police force” and declaring its
“propaganda” almost equal to
Shortly after his appearance at
the Statler. Mr. Truman told his
weekly news conference that he
considered the Marine incident
Asked How He Feels.
At the outset of the conference,
a reporter in a joking reference to
today’s developments, asked the
President, “How do you feel this
The President expressed some
surprise at the question and an
swered that he feels all right.
The reporter responded that he
thought maybe the President felt
better now.
Mr. Truman retorted quickly
that he always feels good, added
that he was physically fit and
chuckled that anybody doubting
this can come and take a try.
Letter Started Controversy.
The President’s original critical
remarks about the Marines were
contained in a letter to Repre
sentative McDonough, Republican,
of California, who had written Mr.
Truman asking for representation
for the corps in the Joint Chiefs
of Staff.
The apology came after a storm
of criticism from all over the
country and from Marines fighting
in Korea.
The President went before the
convention this morning at a time
when many of the delegates were
unaware of his intention to visit
them. The first inkling that many
had of Mr. Truman’s presence was
when he walked into the hall in
company of Gen. Clifton B. Cates,
commandant of Marines, and Clay
Nixon, head of the Marine Corps
In a note of warning just before
Mr. Truman’s arrival, Mr. Nixon
had referred indirectly to the criti
cism the President’s letter had
evoked and said that incident
was ended.
Warns of “Wise-Cracks.”
At the same time he said that
in the ensuing proceeding—which
he did not describe—“any wise
cracking or smart talking will not
be tolerated.”
Gen. Cates introduced the Presi
dent, expressed the gratitude of
the Marines at the honor being
paid them, and added signifi
“We in the Marine Corps ad
mire courage: the people of the
United States admire courage—
especially personal courage.”
At the outset, the President
quipped that “I am happy to be
with you. You succeeded in en
ticing mfr over here,” and drew
another burst of applause.
Indirectly Refers to Furore.
In homey fashion, Mr. Truman
indirectly referred to the furore
he had caused and said that some
times incidents occur that “ap
pear to be almost the end of the
world when they happen,” but
that they turn out all right.
Then he told of his striving for
five years to promote peace and
added that this seemed to be on
the way until June 25 when the
Korean war started.
All that the United States could
do in that situation, he said, was
(Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.)
Late News
Airport Bill Signed
A bill authorizing a new $14
million airport for Washington
was signed by President Truman
today. The President’s request
for $2,150,000 to buy the land is
pending before Congress in the
supplemental appropriations bill.
Grunewald Denies Tapping
Henry W. Grunewald, so
called missing wire-tap witness,
told reporters before appearing
before the grand jury today that
he “knew absolutely nothing”
and had never had anything to
do with wire-tapping.
(Earlier Story on Page B-l.)
: i Ja&ust 29, /950 ^ %
' “.The Navy's police force. %
They have a propaganda machine
almost equal to Stalin's.*
Se/?fem&er 6,19& """■ ;
*1 sincerely regret the unfor
tunate choice of language which
I used. .. I am profoundly aware
of the munificent history of the
United States Marine Corps..."
They Always Come Out on Top!
Major Crimes Decline
Here in Year, While
National Total Rises
Police Annual Report
Shows 5.9% Decrease;
U. S. Figures Up 4.5%
The Police Department today
reported a sharp drop in major
crimes here compared with a na
tional increase in serious offenses.
The department's annual re
port, made public by the Com
missioners, showed that major
crimes reported to police here
during the 1950 fiscal year de
creased by 5.9 per cent under the
previous year.
This was compared with the na
tional crime picture last year,
showing a 4.5 per cent increase
in major crimes throughout the
Juvenile Criminals Active.
The report also noted that juve
niles committed 24.6 per cent of
all serious felonies in the District
during the past fiscal year.
As for the number of cases
cleared, the Commissioners were
told that the District's rate of
clearing up cases “far exceeds the
national average.” Of a total of
14,728 felonies reported, it was
noted. 9,218, or 62.5 per cent, were
The report cited a .4 per cent
in the clearances of major crimes
over the corresponding period in
the preceding year.
The department said that in
an effort to further curtail juve
nile delinquency an additional
summer camp (colored) of the
Metropolitan Police Boys’ Club
was opened at Scotland Beach,
Md., and an additional boys’ club
was established at 1001 Ninth
street S.E.
More Vice Arrests.
“A new system of reporting vice
complaints was inaugurated dur
ing the year With a view to main
taining a closer and more concen
trated effort in dealing with this
problem," the Commissioners
were advised. “Steps have been
taken to insure closer co-ordina
tion between the various depart
ment units in the investigation
and handling of these cases and
this has resulted in more efficient
Total arrests for the fiscal year
1949 were 239,593, as compared
(See POLICE, Page A-5.)
Bevin, Laden With Books,
Sails for United States
By th# Associated Press
Sept. 7.—Foreign Secertary Bevin,
totaing a stack of novels, sailed
for New York aboard the Queen
Mary today to attend a Western
Big Three Conference and the
United Nations General Assembly.
The 69-year-old diplomat, look
ing frail, took a pile of reading
matter, including Wild West
stories and detective thrillers, for
the five-day voyage. The liner
sailed In high winds after an
all-night gale that endangered
coastal shipping.
Belgium Gets 13 U. S. Tanks
ANTWERP, Belgium. Sept. 7
(IP).—Thirteen Sherman tanks
were unloaded from the freighter
American Councillor today for
deliver yto the Belgian Army.
They were the first tanks to
arrive under the Atlantic pact’s
Military Assistance Program.
Reds' Master Battle Plan Bared
By Captive, U. S. Officer Says
North Korean Lieutenant Tells of Attempt
To Take Taegu in Surprise Operation
By tK« AiiociaUd Pr*s*
TOKYO, Sept. 7.—Vital infor
mation on the Korean Reds’ mas
ter battle plan has been disclosed
by a captured officer, an American
intelligence officer said today.
He said the plan showed the
North Koreans hoped to take the
important communications center
of Taegu in a surprise operation
The officer, a lieutenant, was cap
tured in an attack against the
Red 15th Division.
He disclosed that, on August 22,
his division was ordered to join
the North Korean 1st, 3d and 13th
Divisions for a surprise power
drive toward Taegu through the
Waegwam and Kunwi corridors •
northwest of the city.
The intelligence officer quoted
the prisoner as saying the plan
was changed for two reasons: The
determined American resistance in
the so-called “Bowling Alley,”
where Red forces were knocked
about like tenpins, and because
of a report cocerning Yongchon.
Yongchon, 20 miles east of
Taegu, is an important highway
Junction city. It was retaken by
Americans Tuesday night after
being occupied for a time by Red
The lieutenant said his division
(See BATTLE PLAN, Page A-4.)
Navy Identifies Planes
That Downed Russian
As 2 Carrier Fighters
Spokesman Says Action
Took Place 30 Miles
From Center of Fleet
By the Associated Press
The Navy acknowledged today
that two of its fighter planes shot
down the Russian bomber off
Korea on Monday.
This was the first official word
that American planes knocked
Text of Soviet Note, Page A-4.
down the twin-engined Soviet
craft when, the United States
charges, it attempted to attack
United Nations naval forces.
At the time the incident was
first reported the State Depart
ment said the bomber ‘‘opened fire
upon a U. N. fighter patrol, which
returned its fire and shot it down.”
A Navy spokesman at a briefing
session for newsmen in the Pen
tagon identified the fighter planes
as two Navy Corsairs attached to
Task Force 77, composed of car
riers and supporting units.
Has No Data on Red Claims.
He said the Navy had no in
formation that would support the
Moscow claim that two other
Russian planes were in the vicin
ity or that 11 American fighters
took part in the brief fight.
Moscow also contended the de
stroyed bomber was on a training
flight and was unarmed.
The Navy spokesman said the
action took place about 30 miles
from the center of the task force.
The State Department announce
(See PLANE, Page A-3.)
U. N. Council Rejects
New Move by Malik
To Bar South Korean
Delegates Meet to Act
On Russian Resolution
Condemning Bombings
By th« Associated Press
Russia made another unsuccessful
effort today to exclude South
Korean Ambassador John M.
Chang from United Nations dis
cussions on Korea.
The Soviet move was made by
Jacob A. Malik, Russian delegate,
immediately after the Security
Council met at 11:17 a.m. to take
up a Soviet resolution seeking to
end what Russia calls “inhuman
and barbarous” bombing attacks
on North Korea.
Mr. Malik said this resolution
did not concern Chang in any
way, since the “Syngman Rhee
clique” and Gen. MacArthur are
not victims of the bombing but
aggressors and "have no place
Jebb Rule's for Chang.
Sir Gladwyn Jebb of _ Britain,
Council president, ruled that the
Council already had decided that
Mr. Chang had a right to take
part in the Korean discussions.
Mr. Malik said he disagreed with
the ruling, but he did not make
a formal challenge.
It was this issue of Korean
representation that tied up the
Council in a procedural stalemate
for the whole month of August,
while Mr. Malik was president.
The Council took up the Soviet i
(See U. N., Page A-5.) I
Truman Denies Major Setbacks,
Sees Front Recovery This Week
By the Associated Press
President Truman expressed
belief today that United Nations
forces in Korea will make up for
temporary setbacks before the
week is over.
He told a news conference that
there had been no material
change in the main front line
in Korea.
A reporter, mindful of reports
of setbacks at the front, asked
him ‘‘Since when.” Since the
last 10 days, Mr. Truman replied.
Another reporter commented
that a lot of people seem to think'
that ground was being lost by
U. N. troops under heavy attacks
by Red Korean forces.
Mr. Truman said the U. N.
troops were being pushed back
at certain points, that certain
points had crashed.
But, he said, the North Koreans
are being thrust back toward 1
their former lines and he felt
this object would be accom
plished before the week is ended.
He said he based his optimism
on his daily briefings by Gen.
Omar Bradley, chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, and was
not attempting to pose as an arm
chair strategist.
Fighting Severe
As GIs Battle
With Bayonets
48 Tanks Destroyed;
24th Division Gains
3V2 Miles at Kyongju
By Russell Brines
Associated Press Foreign Correspondent
TOKYO, Sept. 7.—Fresh Red
Korean attacks aimed at Taegu
with 50,000 troops were rolled
back by Allied troops today. The
Allies were braced for a major
blow at the important base city
in the center of the front.
Severe fighting raged all along
the 120-mile Korean front. Some
of it was fought by Marines and
doughboys in hrmd-to-hand com
bat with bayonets and clubbed
rifles. Both sides lost heavily.
Most of the 84 Russian-made
tanks the North Koreans threw
into the battle yesterday were
destroyed or damaged.
Allied aircraft were credited
with destroying 48 enemy tanks
and damaging 22 more in a rec
ord of 625 sorties. Seventeen
others had been knocked out yes
Two Red thrusts against Taegu
we stopped. One lunge was
halted 7 miles north of the rail
and supply center along the
Kumhwa “bowling alley” by
United States 1st Cavalry troop
ers. The other was smacked back
east of Yongchon. road junction
20 miles east of Taegu, by Allied
Communist commanders reck
lessly rushed great truck columns
carrying men and supplies toward
this major front.
Bloody Fighting Rages.
A. P. Correspondent Jack Mao
Both with the 1st Cavalry re
ported grim and bloody fighting
raging unabated today in the hill*
just north of Taegu.
First Cavalry foot troops stuck
j to their positions under heavy
enemy pressure, he said. In some
cases they had to turn their guns
| to the rear to fire on Red Korean
! infiltrators.
In one such instance, an esti
mated Red battalion slipped
1 through American lines on the
right flank.
Aircraft and artillery blasted
the Reds in ridge positions on tho
last row of hills north of Taegu.
Between these hills and Taegu
are flat ground, a good road and
well armed American soldiers.
Gen. Gay Visits Front.
Maj. Gen. Hobart Gay, 1st Cav
alry commander, visited his front
lines this afternoon. He' arrived
in time to see United States 5th
Air Force fighters pound enemy
positions atop & high hill 7 miles
north of Taegu.
“Oh, boy!” exclaimed the gen
eral. “Look at that! Those boys
are really working them over.”
For half an hour the planes
threw rockets, napalm fire bombs,
high-explosive bombs and ma
chine-gun fire at the enemy.
Shortly before nightfall a large
group of North Koreans was re
ported. running down the other
side of the mountain.
When the planes had finished
their attack, American artillery
opened up all along the row of
ridges over which the Reds were
trying to climb.
While the battle swirled at the
southern end of the Kumhwa
"bowling alley” other 1st Cavalry
units beat off two dawn attacks
two and four miles northeast of
Waegwan, 12 miles northwest of
Taegu. Waegwan already was in
enemy hands.
Yanks Drive 3.5 Miles.
On the Kyongju front, Asso
ciated Press Corespondent Bern
Price reported Red Koreans mass
ing at the rear of the deep wedge
driven itno the right flank of the
Allied war front.
Elements of the trail-blazing
United States 24th Division drove
3Vi miles north of Kyongju in a
counterattack. But the situation
(See KOREA, Page A-4.)
Stories Related
To Page I News
Relating to Korea.
Korean War Brings Vast Religious
Migration. Page A-12
Chinese Invasion of Paracels '
Reported Near. Page A-22
Relating to Spies.
French Seize 208 Foreign Reds
in New Drive. Page A-2
Relating to Marines.
Marine Corps League Cheers Tru
man on Visit. Page A-3
Truman-Marine Issue Drawn Into
Maryland Politics. Page A-4
Guide for Readers
After Dark C-5
Amusements A-24
Classified C-5-11
Comics B-18-19
Editorial A-18
Edit.Articles A-19
Finance A-27
Obituary A-26
Radio B-7
Sports C-l-4
Section B-3-8

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