Newspaper Page Text
Committee Approves Marshall Nomination 10-2
(Continued From First Page.) be made until this legsilation is approved by both the Senate and the House. The nomination, when it is submitted, will be considered by the Senate Armed Services Committee. There was no immediate com ment from Senators Knowland and Cain on their vote against the legislation. However, Senator Knowland had said before the meeting that he believed the com mittee should not be “rushed” into approving legislation which de parts from the traditional practice in this country of having a civilian at the head of the military estab lishment. McCarthy Criticizes Marshall. Senator McCarthy, Republican of Wisconsin, said in a statement that Gen. Marshall shouldn’t be confirmed unless and until he con vinces the Senate “that he has learned the facts of life about Communism since his disastrous mission to China.” In urging the legislation, Mr. Truman emphasized the present critical circumstances in the world and the need for a Secretary of Defense with Gen. Marshall's qualifications. The text of Mr. Truman’s letter: "My dear Mr. Chairman: “Attached is a draft of legisla tion which would permit Gen. George C. Marshall to serve as Secretary of Defense. I request that you lay this matter before your committee with a view to obtaining early and favorable ac tion by the Congress. * "I am a firm believer in the general principle that our defense establishment should be headed by a civilian. However, in view of the present critical circumstances and of Gen. Marshall’s unusual qualifications I believe that the national interest will be served best by making an exception in this case.” Thorough Study Planned. Senator Tydings said the com mittee would look into the whole matter including any alternative suggestion that may be offered. Congressional leaders looked for prompt action by both houses on the proposed legislation, with perhaps a slight flurry of opposi tion from administration foes. Then the Senate must confirm the nomination of Gen. Marshall to the new job, but that is re garded as no more than a for mality. Secretary Johnson’s imminent departure had been rumored since the end of last week, when aj highly-placed White House source said that the principal fund-raiser of the 1948 Truman campaign was on his way out because of an undercover fight with Secretary of State Acheson. In the customary exchange of letters with the President, made public at the White House at 6:35 o’clock last night, Mr. Johnson blamed his exodus on the “ene mies” he had made in 18 months in office. Normally, he said, this would have no effect, “but today, when American boys are laying down their lives in the cause of our na tional security and world peace, it seems to me that the country should have a Secretary of De fense who does not suffer under the handicap of • the enemies I have acquired during the 18 months I have served as a mem ber of your Cabinet.” Responding, Mr. Truman said that “in the terribly regrettable circumstances which have arisen, I feel that I must concur in your judgment and accept your prof fered resignation.” Mr. Johnson, 59, will leave the Pentagon next Tuesday. His resignation creates va cancies in the two top defense spots, since Deputy Secretary Stephen T. Early resigned yester day morning, effective September 30, to return to his post as vice president of Pullman Standard, Inc. Mr. Early had been trying since early spring to persuade Mr. Truman to permit him to leave. There were reports that Robert A. Lovett, a Republican who served under Gen. Marshall as Undersecretary of State, and who was Assistant Secretary of War for Air during World War II, might get the deputy’s spot. In replacing Secretary Johnson with Gen. Marshall—who now lives on a farm at Leesburg, Va„ and is serving in his second year as head of the Red Cross—Presi dent Truman is moving to allay a storm that for months has swirled about the administration. The retiring Defense Secretary fought with the top brass in the Navy over unification; was ac cused of trying to impose the military point of view on the con duct of this country’s foreign pol icy, and became the target of criti cism in and out of Congress for defense economies when American forces suffered repeated setbacks in Korea. According to the White House source who first tipped off the fact that Secretary Johnson was to be dropped, Mr. Truman was unmoved by the attacks on the secretary. In fact, the President repeatedly expressed confidence in Mr. Johnson, and only recently said that both he and Secretary Acheson, another target,, would be around as long as he stayed in the White House. But when the President got re ports that the Defense Secretary was carrying on an undercover campaign against Secretary Ache son, he was moved to act. While the Johnson-Acheson re lations were being debated, Repre sentative Tauriello, Democrat, of New York, demanded that Mr. Johnson resign, accusing him in one letter of dealing with gossip which led to the resignation of his predecessor as Defense Secretary, James V. Forrestal, who committed suicide a short while after quitting the cabinet. This letter brought a defense of Mr. Johnson from President Tru man, when the matter xame up at a news conference. James Roosevelt Involved. Actually, tfiere were portents of trouble before Mr. Johnson came into the cabinet on March 28, 1949. A wealthy West Virginia lawyer, who had also headed the American Legion, Mr. Johnson was Assistant Secretary of War in the Roosevelt cabinet a decade ago, but left after a battle with Secretary Harry Woodring over the issue of mobilization. There were stories then that Mr. Johnson had expected to be Secretary, and in that connection, there was an episode known only to intimates of the President. As the story went, Mr. Johnson said that James Roosevelt, eldest son of the President, had prom ised him the secretaryship. As the Woodring-Johnson feud flared, a presidential aide went to Mr. Roosevelt and asked what about it. The President said firmly that Mr. Johnson was not to be Secre tary. To begin with, he said, this country was faced with in volvement in World War II, and he proposed to appoint a Repub lican Secretary of War. He did just that in 1940, nam ing Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of War under President Taft, and Secretary of State under President Hoover, to head the War Depart ment. Mr. Woodring and Mr. Johnson got out. Reaction (Continued From First Page.) military. Some Republicans also expressed the view that Secretary Acheson and not Mr. Johnson should have been dropped from the cabinet. Seantor Tydings, Democrat, of Maryland, called the selection of Gen. Marshall “an excellent ap pointment in a critical time.” Gurney Approves Choice. Senator Lyndon Johnson, Dein-. ocrat, of Texas, said Gen. Mar shall is the “one man who led us to victory in World War n and he can unite American* in the preparedness effort that will be All Moscow Papers Prominently Play News About Marshall By Asiociated Pr«i» MOSCOW, Sept. 13.—All Moscow papers played promi nently today news of the ap pointment of Gen. George C. Marshall as United States Defense Secretary to succeed Louis Johnson. There was no editorial comment on this action, but Prime Minister Attlee’s dis closure to the House of Com mons yesterday that Britain is strengthening her armed forces in Germany got critical attention. A Tass dispatch from Lon don charged Mr. Attlee was trying to hide the “aggres sive character of the British Government’s intentions on the question of military serv ice.” necessary to avert World War HL” A Republican member and for mer chairman of the committee, Senator Gurney of South Dakota said: “Gen. Marshall is one man this country owes a lot and one man in whom it has complete con fidence.” ' Senator Cordon, Republican, of Oregon, commented that he didn’t know “where the President could find a better man than Gen. Marshall.” Senator Millikin of Colorado, chairman of the Senate Repub lican Conference, described Gen. Marshall as “certainly qualified” for the job. Russell, Sparkman Agree. Chairman Connally of the Sen ate Foreign Relations Committee called him “a splendid military man.” Senator Russell, Democrat, of Georgia, said he would not favor changing existing law for the civilian control of the military establishment for any person except Gen. Marshall in the pres ent circumstances. A similar view was expressed by Senator Spark man, Democrat, of Alabama, who said: "I still think we ought to keep in mind that the head of the Defense Department in normal times should be a civilian but these are not normal times and Marshall’s selection is a very happy choice.” Capehart Attack* Acheson. Others gave a clear indication that the appointment would not still the political attacks that have been waged against Mr. Acheson for many months. Senator Capehart, Republican, of Indiana commented that “the wrong man is resigning—it ought to be Acheson.” Senator Jenner, Republican, of Indiana said Mr. Johnson’s resig nation proves that “Acheson is still running the show.” "And now,” Senator Jenner add ed, “the President is calling on the man who went to China and recommended that the Commu nists be included in the (Chinese) government to direct our light against the Communists in Korea.” This was a reference to Gen. Marshall’s efforts to unify China while serving as American Am bassador there after the war. Texas Quads Pose Confusing Question On Joining Army By the Associated Press HOUSTON, Tex., Sept. 13.— The Perricone quadruplets pretty soon may be confusing some Army company clerk. They passed their draft physical and are going to ask that they serve together. But not in the infantry. TJiey hope it’s any branch but the walk ing one. Anthony, Bernard, Carl and Donald, 20—the Nation’s only male quadruplets — came from Beaumont yesterday for their physical. They’ll go from the induction center here to Fort Sill, Okla., in 30 to 60 days. And what about that poor com pany clerk? Well, suppose he's making up the K. P. list. He hits the wrong* leter on his typewriter. A. Perri cone may pull kitchen police when it should be B. Perricone. Or maybe it’ll be C. Or D. for C. or C. for B. See? B Exclusive Distributors of vHW Pratt & Lambert Products I It’s Easy to CAULK-O-SEAL K B Seal those cracks around doors and windows with B CAULK-O-SEAL—the caulking compound specified by B B architects and engineers. Never dries out, cracks or B 1 crumbles. Adheres to any surface. Makes your home K fl comfortable—lessens colds and doctor bills—keeps out B J dampness. Costs almost nothing and simple to do. B B Also available in Handy Load Cartridges that you merely B slip into a Caulking Gun. Phone us. Prompt, free delivery. B 1 BUTLER-fUHMt | B Over a Century of ^11^4 Specialization B B 609 C St., N. W^jj^MEtropolitan 01 SO B WISCONSIN PAINT CENTER B 7029 Wiscontin Ave. OLiver 3630 B Driver Is Fined $100 For Extensive Damage By the Associated Press WATSEKA. 111.—When Andy Kasalo drove through Watseka he caused a bit of commotion. Police man Gene Bricker said Kasalo’s car: Knocked down four telephone poles, broke a ipain cable and put 40 telephones out of order; c’-oke an oil pipe line; damaged an in dustrial sprinkler system and knocked down several traffic sisns. Kasalo told Police Magistrate Harry Littell he had had a couple of beers. He was fined $100 and costs. Irish Women Organize Although there are 220 business and professional women’s clubs in Great Britain, there never was one in Northern Ireland until re cently. Then Mrs. McCallum, president of the club in Ayr, Scot land, went to Belfast and formed one. The club’s aims include “the removal of sex discrimination and encouragement of women to real ize their responsibilities.” RESIGNS — Louis Johnson smiled at reporters as he left the White House yesterday shortly before his resignation as Defense Secretary was an nounced. —AP Photo. Biography (Continued From First Page.) said, and went upstairs to his of fice. There, flood lights had been turned on his desk, and in re sponse to photographers' sugges tions he opened his brief case, scanned a few papers and then looked up at the lenses. Back From Vacation. The bright lights revealed the healthy tan the 69-year-old re tired soldier acquired this sum mer. He recently returned from his first real vacation in years, fishing in Michigan. “I can’t see why you’re taking all these pictures after the hun dreds you’ve taken,” the general said, “except to prove that I’m not dead yet.” Red Cross officials emphasized that the general is not coming out of retirement—that he has worked like a beaver for their organization, traveling 35,000 miles on the job. He is expected to resign as Red Cross president, when he takes over the defense job. This is the third time since retiring as Army Chief of Staff that Gen. Marshall has answered President Truman’s call to high office. For him it means again giving up a retirement he cherished after playing a leading part in ham mering out a victory over Nazi Germany in World War n. It was characteristic of the 69 year-old soldier and statesman that he accepted the call—the country long since has learned that he places duty to his country above all else. The first call from retirement came soon after Gen. Marshall gave up his post as Army Chief of Staff a few months after the surrender of Japan. Accepted Post in China. He accepted Mr. Truman’s ap pointment as Ambasador to China and spent fruitless months in try ing to bring peace and unity to that troubled part of the world. He came home from that heart breaking and physically exhaust ing assignment to become Mr. Truman’s Secretary of State after the resignation of James F. Byrnes of South Carolina. In that position Gen. Marshall carried on with vigor and deter mination the high policy of stem ming the spread-of communism. He spoke out against Russia’s attitude and “brazen” propaganda and described them as the main obstacles to peace. He must have reflected, too, on this country’s mistake of too speedy a demobilization after HIT CHiSOW’S Complata Furniihingi for Hia Hama j|!' V?£t. «. '• WHEAT FINISH BIRCH , DESK AND CHAIR by Heywood-Wakefield 100.50 Specially Low - Priced I Mm M for both A classic example of practical, modern furniture by Heywood-Wakefield, nationally known for fine styling and craftsmanship. 44"x22". Chair seats upholstered in a good selection of colors, to harmo nize with your plan for color decor. CONVENIENT BUDGET TERMS HutchisanSt 2021 FOURTEENTH ST. N.W. FREE PARKING—Cor. 14th and W 5ts. N.W. (Toxaco Station) Open 9 AM. ’til 9 PM.—Saturday ’til t PM. k Engineer Says Train Was Late At Time of Troop Train Crash (Continued From First Page.) “not enough” at the first ap proach block before the stalled troop train. Mr. Eller guessed his speed at the time at 50 miles per hour. ICC regulations require that speed be reduced to 30 miles an hour at an approach block so the train can come to a complete stop at the next “stop and proceed” sign. The engineer testified he did not apply his service brake until he reached the “stop and proceed” signal near the crash scene. He said he did not apply his emer gency until he passed the signal. Saw Stalled Train. At about the time he passed the “stop and proceed” signal, Mr. Eller admitted he saw the stalled troop train. He said: “It was very close.” In reply to an ICC question as to whether both wayside and cab signals were working properly, the engineer murmured: "Yes.” Mr. Eller said he saw the flares and signals set out at the rear of the troop train by a flagman aboard the stopped train. He said he applied the emer gency brake immediately. Mr. Eller’s fireman, E. J. Kearns, testified Mr. Eller was “one of the most alert, capable men in railroad service.’’ Mr. Kearns said he saw the flagman of the stopped troop train standing just east of the automatic block signal. He testi fied the rear of the stalled train was about 50 car lengths beyond the flagman. Flagman Tells Story. W. G. Lancaster, 34, Pittsburgh, flagman aboard the troop train, told of his futile efforts to stop the “Spirit of St. Louis*’ before it crashed into the stalled troop train. Mr. Lancaster told the inquiry that the troop train had broken down 2Va miles east of Dennison, Ohio, before the two trains crashed. He said the first breakdown was caused when a steam line on the last car of the train became dis connected. He said that when he attempted to stop the troop train by pulling a signal cord, a valve broke be fore the signal was completed. The damage was repaired, Mr. Lancaster testified, and v,he train proceeded. Dropped a Fusee. The flagman said the trip was uneventful west of Dennison and added: "Approaching Wagner’s Crossing there was an emergency applica tion (of air). I dropped a fusee between two cars. "The steam line apparently dropped to the ground at the 20th (last) car and broke an air con nection, stopping the train.’’ He testified he got his equipment and went down the tracks behind the stopped train. He saw the “Spirit of St. Louis” “coming to ward us.” “I continued moving east (be hind the train) , using my red and white light as a red signal for the man on the Spirit of St. Louis to see and acknowledge. Swung Down Hard. “At that time I was back about six car-lengths from my train. “The original fusee was still burning and I swung down hard on the man (Spirit of St. Louis) with the red and white light. There was no acknowledgement. “I realized from the sound of the motors he was coming too fast. I proceeded to give him a atop signal with a lighted fusee. “By that time I was 10 lengths from the rear of my train. Thirty one (the Spirit of St. Louis) Was still three-eighths of a mile away. “I could see 31 plainly. “I threw the fusee up against* the man’s windshield on the en gineer’s side. “As I got away from him on ac count of the suction, I looked baek to see where the conductor and brakeman were. “I saw the stop and proceed signal at that time. “The first man on 31 I saw was the brakeman. He got off and said to me ‘we evidently hit some thing up there.’ “ ‘You sure did fellow,’ I said. ‘You hit a troop trail) up there.’ ” “Going back. I met an Army offi cer who asked for a white light. He went in and began handing down the injured. Some GIs standing around and I helped.” “What is your estimate of No. 31’s speed?” Mr. Lancaster was asked. “It passed me going 50 miles an hour," the brakeman replied. World War n and he sought then, as he has in the years since the war, to keep America military strong. “Diplomatic action, without (he backing of military strength in the present world,” he told the Senate Armed Services Committee in 1948, “can lead only to ap peasement.” Advanced Marshall Plan. 8eeking to build up democratic strength throughout the world, economic as well as military, Gen. Marshall advanced a program for European economic recovery that is still going on, fittingly enough, under the name of the “Marshall Plan.” He broached the idea in a Harvard University address in 1947, and that program, under the Economic Co-operation Adminis tration, has become a vital frame work for democratic effort in the "cold war.” He is credited, too, with being one of the original advocates of the North Atlantic Pact by which the Western world is being or ganized militarily, as the Mar shall Plan organized it economi cally, for defense against the Communist threat. Gen. Marshall served as Secre tary of State and resigned be cause of ill health. After recov ering from a serious operation he accepted appointment as chair man of the Red Cross and the important duties of supervising the far-flung activities of that or ganization. Kept Interest in World Affairs. He has kept an active Interest in military and diplomatic affairs and recently testified before a Senate committee to urge an ex panded Voice of America program to combat Soviet propaganda. Gen. Marshall has many friends in almost every official level and among the leading members of Congress. He is usually quiet and soft-spoken but Intimates know that he possesses a temper which, once aroused, can be devastating \ against those who have aroused his wrath. ” Described by President Truman as one of the great commanders of history, Oen. Marshall was bom in Uniontown, Pa., Decem ber 31, 1880. He is a decendant of the Rev. William Marshall, an uncle of the great Chief Justice John Marshall. He'was graduated from Virginia Military Institute in 1901 and en tered the Regular Army in Feb ruary, 1902. In the years since thep he has justified in every way the view of fellow officers that he “carried a star in his pocket.” That was the Army way of saying he was destined for high command. And that is the way it proved to be—that and the high sense of duty which has led him to undertake the difficult task of di recting this country’s new defense effort. Dopey Becomes Seppel It will be a slightly different version of Walt Disney’s “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” that Germans see for the first time in Cologne. Dialogue is in a South German dialect and of the seven dwarfs only Happy keeps his original name. Doc becomes Chef, Sneezy is Hatschi and Dopey bears the name of the traditional Bavarian clown Seppel. Humidifier Developed After two years of experimen tation, Ernst Barkus, an engineer of Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, has perfected a new type of hu midifier for increasing moisture content of the air. He has used it in tobacco bams where mois ture prevents damage to the leaf, and hopes to make one for use in coal mines, where moisture is necessary to prevent gas explo sions. High-Speed Night Car Tour Ends in Hyattsville Jail Cell A high-speed tour of suburban Prince Georges County, with a side trip to Washington, ended in a Jail cell at Hyattsville early to day for a Washington man. No travel agency was involved and there was an unplanned stop over at Sunnybrook. Police were certain the end of the trip at Seventh street and Mount Vernon place N.W. was unscheduled. While the tour was uncon ducted, it was not unescorted—as county and Bladensburg town police are prepared to testify in Hyattsville Police Court tomorrow. The tourist was listed by police as Richard W. Dickens, Jr., 24, of 4403 Quarles street N.E. Notations by his name on the register of public accommodations in Hyatts ville, explained all: He was charged with speeding 70 miles per hour; reckless driving by zig-zagging; operating without tags; unauthorized use, displaying tags issued to another automobile. Sergt. William Baxter of the Bladensburg police, reported he joined the tour about 2 a.m. on Defense highway. Split seconds and a mile later, Dickens’ car spun around on the road at Sun nybrook and the driver and an unidentified passenger got out. Sergt. Baxter, even with the help of County Policeman Joseph W. Vincent, couldn’t find either man. The sergeant took the tags off the car and called a wrecker. While the policemen were await ing the wrecker, Dickens Jumped out of the bushes, into the car and the second lap of the tour began. It seems that Sergt. Baxter hadn’t taken the keys along with the tags. Shots from Pvt. Vincent’s re volver added sound effects to the trip downtown, but no one wee hurt. District police joined in the arrest when Dickens halted the car and jumped out at Seventh street and Mount Vernon place N.W. Baby Boy Rescued Unharmed After Falling Into V/ell By.the Associated Press RAINIER, Oreg.. Sept. 13 — Forty townsmen dug in frentied relays last night to rescue, un harmed. a little boy from an abandoned well. Ronald Mysinger, 15 months old, fell from the porch of his suburban home here, late yester day afternoon. He rolled under . the house, built on low posts, and tumbled feet-first into the well. His mother, hearing his cries, called for help. Almost the entire population of this town of 1,500 turned out. Dr. M. A. Kenney lay prone for 2V2 hours feeding oxygen into the , well wljile men worked in. relays with pick and shovel, digging a parallel shaft outside the house. Ronald cried himself into ex hausted sleep an hour and a half after his fall 12 feet down into the 20-foot well. When his cries ceased, fear was felt by the work men, but Dr. Kenney, looking down with a flashlight, said he appeared all right. He was. The diggers, finishing their task by scooping out the earth by hand as they cut in un der the child, found him lodged on a bucket in the dry shaft. The parents, Mr. and Mrs. V. M. Mysinger, said they had not known the well was there. • . r; _ • ■ • . NotiMo introduce you to wonderful PYREX FLAMEWAREI — _I [ r l-qt. size, regularly 7*95L Special price only J 1 Vi-qt. size, regularly Special price only 1.89 2V* times as strong as ordinary ^ass't !2-qt. size, regularly Special price only 198 I Try these saucepans or any f °^er for 30 days*—_^ T°UR MONEY back »tt,d'; b”°' ^ w» . 1. “»‘^l PYREX FLAMEWARE PERCOLATOR 4-cup size $2.45 6-cup size >2.95 9-cup size >3.45 PYREX FLA ME WARE TEAPOT 6-cup size $1.95 PYREX FLA MEW'ARE DOUBLE BOILER lV4-qt. size S3.4S USE PYREX fLAMEWARE ONCE-AND YOU’LL ALWAYS USE IT1 Pyrex Flameware and Ovenware are backed by a two-year replacement offer againft heat breakage! • You can see what’s cooking with out lifting the lid. , • Use each piece a dozen ways. • Cook, serve, store in the same dish. e Easy to keep shining clean. NEW! Get won^er^u^ Pyrex Oven ware, too! j| PYREX CASSEROLE SET $2.95 1%-qt. covered casserole and four 7-oz. ramekins. Red or ydlow. Gift boxed. PYREX ROUND CAKE DISH.39* PYREX“FLAVOR-SAVER” PIE PLATE.59* PYREX COLOR BOWL SET I 4 bowls nest. ..$2.95 1 Buy at your nearest Pyrex Ware counter today! "Pym." m «• traSs-asrks het,I.K Mu Him Work* Mkf, N. I. a A Product of Coming GIom Wort* *: . ?