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South Koreans Gave
Warning 6 Weeks in * Advance, U. N. Is Told By (ha Associated Pens LAKE SUCCESS. Sept. 15.—The United Nations Korean Commis sion disclosed yesterday that South Korea’s intelligence chief had warned it six weeks in advance that a Communist attack was im minent. but that American offi cials disagreed. The disclosure was made in the 111-page annual report of the seven-nation commission to the General Assembly. The report held the North Ko rean regime completely to blame for the conflict and described the June 2 Sattack as an act of long premeditated and unprovoked ag gression. Reply to Russians. Replying to Russian charges that it was the South Koreans who first advanced across the 38th parallel, the report said: “The commission is unanimously of the opinion that no offensive could possibly have been launched across the parallel by the Repub lic of Korea. “The invasion of the territory of the Republic of Korea by the armed forces of North Korean authorities was an act of aggres sion initiated without warning and without provocation, execu tion of a carefully prepared plan.” Disparity Noted. The disparity between the views of United States and South Korean military intelligence dated back as far as last January, the report indicated. At that time, the commission said, the chief of staff of the South Korean armv reported the North Koreans had 175,000 men under arms and that it was only a matter of time be fore they would attack. It added, however, that Brig. Gen. W. L. Roberts, • chief of the United States Korean Military Advisory Group, disagreed with these estimates. He told the com mission the 100,000 strength of the South Korean army was at least equal to that of the North Korean army. On May 12, the chief of intelli gence of the Korean Army, Col. Chang Do Yong, told the com mission invasion was imminent. He said he based his conclusion on three things: Increased man power of the North Korean Army, massing of weil-trained troops in the vicinity of the Parallel and employment of guerrilla forces to! infiltrate and test the strength of South Korean defenses. 2 Officers Mentioned. The commission said it called in two officers from Gen. Roberts’ staff (identity not disclosed) and they did not agree “on the immi nence of any danger and again expressed confidence in the ability of the army of the republic to handle forces of the Northern regime in case of attack.” The commission is composed of representatives of India, Australia, China, El Salvador, France, the Philippines and Turkey. R. W. Williams, Baltimore, Named to Maritime Board President Truman yesterday nominated Robert Wood Williams, • Baltimore lawyer, to be a mem ber of the new Federal Maritime Board, for the term expiring June 30. 1954. Mr. Williams, 60, is a specialist in admiralty law and ^as warmly auported for the appointment by Baltimore shipping and shipbuild ing interests, it was said today at the office of Senator O'Conor, i Democrat, of Maryland, Senator Tydings, Democrat, of Maryland •Iso backs the appointment. Mr. Williams is a Democrat and has been active in Baltimore busi ness and civic affairs. He is a vice president of the Maritime Law Association of the United States. President Truman also nomi nated for reappointment Edgar Barnard Brossard, a veteran mem ber of the Tariff Commission. Mr. Brossard, 61, has been with the Tariff Commission since 1923 when he joined the agency as a staff economist. Two years later he was appointed to the commission itself. U. N. Accepts Offers of Aid In Korea From 15 Nations •y th« Associated Press The United Nations has ac cepted offers of aid in the Korean fighting from 15 member nations. Diplomatic authorities said yes terday the latest offers to be ac- ! cepted, after consultation with: Gen. Mac Arthur, were from the j Netherlands and Belgium. The Netherlands proposes to send a company of marines and a com pany of army volunteers to Korea. Belgium has offered a somewhat larger force. Twelve nations, aside from the United States, now have offered ground troops and some are on the scene or enroute. They in clude Britain, Canada, France, Greece, New Zealand, the Philip pines, Thailand and Turkey. In addition, offers of medical detachments have been accepted from India and Sweden and a fighter squadron is being supplied by the Union of South Africa. Norway is contributing naval forces. DAV Wants Gl Benefits Extended to All Servicemen •y A»ociot<d Press The Disabled American Veterans asked Congress yesterday to ex tend all World War II benefits to present members of the armed forces. The DAV submitted its proposal to Representative Rankin, Demo crat, of Mississippi, chairman of the House Veterans’ Committee. It asked that the July 25, 1947, cut-off date for most World War II benefits be eliminated, and that all members of the armed forces be given the same privileges pro vided World War II veterans. a « Limb Asks Elimination POf 38th Parallel as 'Thing of the Past' By IK* Associated Brass TOKYO. Sept. 15. —Foreign Minister B. C. Limb of the Re public of Korea, on his way to tell the United Nations of the Communist attack on his country, said today, “We must not lose sight of the importance of elim inating the 38th parallel.” Mr. Limb told a news conference that in the past on many occa sions people in control have paid so much attention to victory alone that they sometimes forgot what they were fighting for. “If we try to buy victory by stopping at the 38th parallel it will be a useless war.” he said. “If we leave the parallel as a dividing line, war will come again.” Line Called Thing of Past. He said the "38th parallel” is a thing of the past. Mr. Limb said he, of course, could not speak for the United Nations but as for South Korea, “We are determined to go beyond the 38th parallel.” He said he believed the Korean delegation named by President Syngman Rhee and the National Assembly would discuss these problems with the U. N. War Criminal Charge Laid. He said leaders of the North Korean war must be treated as war criminals, but the average Korean must be taught demo cratic ways. He thought it may take a long time to bring democ racy t0 those who have been in doctrinated by the Communists, but "we are patient people.” Mr. Limb said that under the Cairo agreement it was deter mined that Korea must be free, but under Yalta the world leaders said something else because “they thought then only of victory in the war.” The Foreign Minister said also his country must now begin thinking of reconstruction after the ravages of war and added, “We welcome foreign investment to develop our industries and natural resources on a fair basis.” He said his seven-member dele gation would discuss these prob lems with the U. N. and the United States. Southeast Citizens Hit College Merger The Southeast Citizens’ Asso ciation is opposing the consolida tion of Wilson and Miner Teach ers’ Colleges but in a different way from most of the other civic groups who have taken this stand. The difference was expressed by Paul R. Donley in these words, “Let's not do as so many of these meetings do. Let’s not just reso lute and then do nothing about It. Let’s go out and fight against it.” He did not suggest any line of action, however. Dr. Walter E. Hager, head of Wilson, suggested the merger in his annual report to Supt. of Schools Hobart M. Corning. Wil son is now used for white stu dents and Miner for colored. The group also heard com plaints that when members had requested that sidewalks in front of their houses be repaired, the city had simply' filled in the cracks with “black stuff.’' Several members reported their sidewalks now looked worse than they had before they were fixed. Nominations of officers were made for elections next month. Nominated were: John M. Cur ran. president; Donald Detweller, vice president; Miss Mildred Dob son, recording secretary; Mrs Elizabeth Draper, corresponding secretary; Norvell C. Pyne, treas urer; John V. Schmitt, sergeant at arms; Mr. Donley and Mrs. Hildegarde Christensen, delegates to the Federation of Citizens' Associations. The meeting was held in the Hine Junior High School, Seventh and C streets S.E. President Wil liam A. Maio presided. The electric shock of a torpedo fish can temporarily disable a man. ★★★★★★★★★★★★ UNIFORMS for THE NAVY UNIFORMS for THE ARMY 1 UNIFORMS for THE COAST GUARD UNIFORMS for U. S. Public Health Service I 906-908 7th St. N.W. Free Parking NA. 4312 ★★★★★★★★★★ McGrath Designates 3 Schools As Communist Party Adjuncts Three schools have been desig nated by Attorney General Mc Grath as “adjuncts of the Com munist Party.” They are: Boston School for Marxist Studies, at Boston. Joseph Weydemeyer School of Social Science, at St. Louis. Pacific Northwest Labor School, at Seattle. Seth W. Richardson, chairman of the Government’s Loyalty Re view Board, made public today Mr. McGrath's designation of the three schools, along with several other organizations. Mr. Richardson had asked Mr. McGrath whether the Boston and Seattle schools were to be con sidered as adjuncts of the Com munist Party. Mr. McGrath re plied: “A review of all the evidence available establishes that the Boston School for Marxist Studies is in fact an adjunct of the Com munist Party; likewise that the Pacific Northwest Labor School was in effect but another name for the previously designated Seattle Labor School, and that the Joseph Wedemeyer School for Social Science in St. Louis is like wise a Communist school.” Mr. Richardson also asked Mr. McGrath whether the previous designation of the International Workers’ Order as a Communist organization included, as well, the national group societies of the organization. Mr; McGrath said it did. To remove all doubt he specifically designated the fol lowing national group societies of the IWO; American-Russian Fraternal So ciety, Carpatho-Russian Peoples’ Society, Cervantes Fraternal So ciety. Croatian Benevolent Fra temity, Finnish-American Mutual Aid Society, Garibaldi American Fraternal Society, Hellenic-Amer ican Brotherhood, Hungarian Brotherhood, Jewish Peoples’ Fra ternal Order, Polonia Society of the IWO, Romanian-American Fraternal Society, Serbian-Amer ican Fraternal Society, Slovak Workers' Society, Ukrainian American Fraternal Union. Replying to another question, Mr. McGrath said the designa tion of the Communist Political Association and the Communist Party, United States of America, includes all State, local, regional and other subdivisions. Therefore, Mr. McGrath said, the Peoples’ Educational and Press Association of Texas and the Virginia League for Peoples' Education are included in the designation. Mr., Richardson had asked in particular about those two organizations. The Partido Del Pueblo of Pan ama, because of activities of its members in the Canal Zone, was placed on the Attorney General’s subversive list. Mr. McGrath said the organization is operating as the Communist Party in Pan ama. Mr. McGrath also designated the American Branch of the Fed eration of Greek Maritime Unions as a Communist organization. The Union of American Croa tians went on the list. Mr. Mc Grath said this was the new name i of the National Council of Amer icans of Croatian Descent, which was previously designated. Associated Klans of America was added to Klan groups pre viously designated as groups ad vocating violence. Those already listed were the Ku Klux Klan, the Association of Georgia Klans and the Original Southern Klans, Inc. Mr. McGrath said Associated Klans of America grew out of a merger of earlier Ku Klux Klan groups. The Klan groups are listed as “having adopted a policy of advo cating or approving the commis sion of acts of force or violence to deny others their rights under the Constitution.” ’ Biggest Pipeline HOUSTON. — Largest natural gas pipeline in the United States will run from the lower Texas Gulf coast to Chicago. It will be 1,400 miles long. An average watch ticks five times a second. Manila Press Pictures Aussies on Way to Korea By th* Astocioltd Pratt MANILA. Sept. 15.—Manila newspapers today published pic tures of Australian troops which they said were passing through the Philippines headed for Korea. The Bulletin’s pictures showed Australian soldiers arriving at Manila’s international airport on a Qantas Empire Airways plane from Darwin. The caption said the soldiers went on to Clark Air Force Base, headquarters of the United States 13th Air Force, where they were to be transported by American planes to the Korean battlefront. 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