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Bradley Urges U. N.
Permanent Force to Keep World Peace By L. Edgar Prina Gen. Bradley last night called for a permanent United Nations armed force to keep the peace. In a brief address before the Federal Bar Association in the Hotel Statler, he declared: “For real peace, we must have a code of laws, international moral ity to respect it and a body to en force it.” The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said he hopes the U. N. will profit from the mistake of the League of Nations and give the world what is lacking for peace today—an international law enforcement body. Chief Justice Vinson, four other members of the Supreme Court and most of the chief judges of the United States Circuit Courts of Appeals were in the audience, which gathered to honor the ju dicial conference of the United States at dinner. Warns Against Appeasement. Gen. Bradley said that “no one can foresee how long it will take” to win the victory in Korea but added that “we hope we can now aee daylight.” After praising the GIs who bore the brunt of the early fighting, he referred the twin-pronged U. N. offensive and asserted: “Now we’re hitting back in combined action of all our services—all working as one team.” Gen. Bradley sounded a sharp warning against the dangers of appeasement and disarmament. "Appeasement can only lead to war, because it leads from one concession to another,” he said. As for the limitation of arma ments, the general declared: "Disarmament can no more lead to peace than the abolishment of the police force and courts can lead to domestic law and order.” World Backing. Declaring that in Korea “com munism for the first time resorted to open military attack to gain its aggressive ends,” Gen. Bradley said our decision to fight has gained for us the moral backing of the free world. Following Gen. Bradley to the speaker’s rostrum was Cody Fow ler of Tampa, Fla., the new pres ident of the American Bar Associ ation. Toastmaster for the eve ning was John A. Mclntire, Fed eral Bar Association head. French Quit Second j Indo-Chinese Ontfosf By the Associated Press SAIGON, Indo-China, Sept. 26.! —The French Army today an nounced the abandonment of a second outpost on the China Indo-China frontier—Pakha, com manding an entrance to the Red River delta. An official announcement said forces had been withdrawn from Pakha, which had been under attack by Communist-led Viet! Minh guerrillas, because ‘‘our in-; terest in this position is not worth j the sacrifice of human lives.” The Viet Minh attacked the post after overrunning a small Foreign Legion garrison to the east at Dongkhe, The French said later they would not try to hold Dong khe, which had been burned and abandoned by the guerrillas. Announcement of the abandon ment of Pakha came soon after a statement by the French military commander in the Far East, Gen.! Marcel Carpentier, that the Chi-| nese Communists were giving j more aid to the Viet Minh than the United States was supplying to the French forces. As a result, Gen. Carpentier said to an interview here, the Indo Chinese guerrillas "are capable of seizing the initiative momentarily st certain points.” HONOLULU, Sept. 26 UP).— Eight French warships refueled j in Pearl Harbor yesterday on their j way to reinforce French naval units in Indo-China. —------ ! Britain’s new jet fighter, the Hawker P 1081, flew 218 miles from Brussels to London in 21 minutes recently. THE SAME SILVERY MOON WASN’T LAST NIGHT—Favored by sharp, clear skies, Washingtonians who stayed through it from 8:30 p.m. to 2:13 a.m., had front seats for the lunar eclipse. With the clock of the old Post office Building at Twelfth and Penn sylvania avenue N.W. noting the time, various stages of the eclipse from start to total gray-out appear here. —Star Staff Photo by Randolph Routt. Eugene O'Neill's Son Kills Himself Over Broken Engagement By th« Associated Press WOODSTOCK, N. Y., Sept. 26.— Eugene O'Neill, Jr., 40-year-old son of the famous playwright, killed himself yesterday in a fit of de spondency after a broken en gagement. A classical student and a teacher of drama, litera ture and an cient Greek, he chose a form of suicide tradi tional with the Roman stoics. He sat in his bath and opened the veins of his wrist with a °’N*iu> Jr razor. Ulster County Coroner Ernest O. Kelly listed the death as a suicide. Before O'Neill died, the coroner said, he staggered downstairs. His body was found on the lower floor by a neighbor who came to call. The house is in an artists and writers’ community in the Catskill Mountains, north of New York City. Leaves Unsigned Note. State police, who searched the house later, said they found an unsigned note reading: “Never let it be said that O'Neill failed to empty a bottle. “Hail and farewell." Friends said Mr. O’Neill had been in deep depression since Ruth Lander, an artists’ agent, had broken off her engagement with him last Saturday. Married Several Times. The marriage was to have taken place next Saturday. Mr. O’Neill had been married and divorced several times. His mother is Mrs. George Pitt-Smith of Douglaston, Long Island, and his half-sister, Oona, is the wife of Comedian Charlie Chaplin. Mr. O’Neill graduated from Yale, earned a Ph. D„ and taught Greek there and at Princeton and Sarah Lawrence College. W ■■ ' ~ " . Eclipse Disappoints Scientists, \But Pleases Casual Observers The test of whether last night's total eclipse was a success de pended on where you were watch ing it. If you were one of thousands of Washington area residents who leaned from windows, stood on rooftops or just stopped in the street and gazed upward, your view of the moon as it fell in the earth’s shadow was virtually un impaired. Only waves of clouds near the end of the eclipse spo radically cut off a clear view. If you were among a handful of scientists gathered at the Naval Observatory, the results were generally good—but not perfect. Although the haze of smoke sweeping down the coast from Canadian forest fires failed to blot out the phenomenon com pletely as it did in some other Seaboard States, it did screen the moon somewhat. The screen, not visible to the naked eye, pre sented scientists from getting the j detail they wanted in pictures taken through high-powered tele scopes. Mountain Data Sought. As the moon gradually started to reappear from behind the earth's shadow, the cloud forma tions made picture-taking ex tremely difficult. The photos were made in an effort to get a more accurate out line of the mountains and valleys on the moon’s outer rim. The re sults will help in timing the rela tive movements of the moon and stars, necessary for ocean naviga tional data. Pictures were taken through the Observatory’s 26-inch telescope, which is more than half a century old, and a 40-inch reflector-mirror type instrument. A 12-inch tele scope also was used by scientists, but not for picture-taking. Nearly 60 guests, including school children and newspaper men, visited the site of the Ob servatory’s 26-inch telescope. But by midnight, when the moon had slowly started to reappear, only Dr. William Markowitz, staff scientist, remained at the instru ment in an effort to snatch pic tures when the clouds rolled away. Observers noted throughout the total part of the eclipse that a bright sliver of light was present The Weather Here and Over the Nation District of Columbia—Mostly fair with high in mid-60s this afternoon. Fair tonight with low about 50 in city and 44 in subur ban areas. Tomorrow some cloudi ness and warmer. Maryland and Virginia—Mostly fair with low around 40 in west and 45 to 50 in east portion to night. Tomorrow some cloudiness and warmer. Wind velocity at 11:30 o’clock this morning, 6 miles per hour; direction, south. Five-day Forecast for Washington and Vicinity, Sept. 26-Oct. 1. Temperature will average above normal, which for Washington is maximum 75 and minimum 55. Rain likely this week end may amount to one-fifth inch. District Medical Society rag weed pollen count for 24 hours ended 9 a.m. September 26, no grains per cubic yard of air. r r t [ y i It will rain tonight over the South Central States and over the Northwest section of the country. Except for considerable cloudiness over the New England States the remainder of the Nation will be generally fair. Rising temperatures will be noted from the Rockies eastward to the Atlantic. Somewhat cooler weather will be experienced in the Northern Plateau and North ern Rockies. —AP Wirephoto Map. « a River Report. (From United State* Engineers.) Q *Llv,cr cloudy at Harpers Ferry Harpers'^erry shenandoah cloudy at Humidity. (Readings at Washington Airport.) Yesterday Pet. Today. Pet. Noon ... 53 Midnight _81 t o m.- 60 8 a.m. _81 8 P.m.-76 10 ' a.m. _76 High and Low of Last 24 Hours. High, 59, at 2:20 p.m. Low, 46, at 6:30 a.m. Record Temperatures This Year. Highest. 96. on June 24. Lowest. 16. on March 3. Tide Tables. (Furnished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) _ . , Today Tomorrow Huh _8:07 a.m. 8:42 a.m. Low -2:27 a.m. 3:11a.m. High -8:28 p.m. 9:03 p.m. Low ...... 2:44p.m. 3:23p.m. Tha Bun and Moon. Rises. Sets. Sun, today _ 5:59 5:59 Sun, tomorrow_ 6:00 5:58 Moon, today . _ 6:11p.m. 5:20 a.m. Automobile lights must be turned on one-half hour after sunset. Precipitation. Monthly precipitation In Inches In the Capital (current month to date): Month. 1960. Avg. Record. January - 1.91 3.65 7.83 ’87 February - 2.72 3.37 6.84 ’84 March - 4.17 3.75 8.84 '91 April - 1.86 3.27 9.13 ’89 May - 5.76 3.70 10.69 ’89 June - 3.14 4.13 10.94 ’00 July _ 4.97 4.71 10.83 ’86 August -7.21 4.01 14.41 ’28 September _ 6.71 3.24 17.45 ’34 October - 2.84 8.81 '37 November __ 2.37 7.18 ’77 December Z_ 3.32 7.66 ’01 Temperatures in Various Cities. High Low. High. Low. Albuquerque 72 49 Miami ... _ 87 76 Atlantic City 55 4 8 Milwaukee 71 47 Atlanta- 74 49 New Orleans 86 73 Bismarck_ 84 55 New York 58 51 Boston _ 63 44 Norfolk 57 46 Chicago _ 08 43 Oklahoma C. 73 56 Cincinnati.. 66 37 Omaha 75 53 Detroit- 72 48 Phoenix . _ »8 03 El Paso ... 78 56 Pittsburgh 57 43 Galveston 84 67 Salt Lake C. 77 57 Harrisburg 50 47 San Antonio 72 05 Indianapolis 64 39 San Fr'oisco 72 58 Kansas City 72 51 Seattle_ 60 48 Los Aneeles. 77 55 Tampa_ 90 74 Louisville_ 70 43 Let’s be sensible. There is no shortage of food in the United States. The President has stated there is no immediate prospect of rationing. So let's be sensible. Don’t hoard. * at the top part of the shadow. Scientists guessed it was caused by a clear spot in the earth’s atmosphere. The smoke blown down from the North blacked out any view of the moon in New York, bring ing disappointment to scientists and television engineers, who had set up rooftop cameras to record the event for video screens. A woman in Bluefield, W. Va., where the overcast also was thick, called a newspaper office to ask if the eclipse had been postponed. Started at 8:20 P.M. Although the eclipse actually started at 8:20 p.m., when the ; moon started inching into the : earth’s outer shadow, no change could be noticed until 9:3116. j That was the actual moment when i the first of the dark shadow could | be seen. The moon was totally eclipsed | at 10:54 p.m., and remained in the earth’s shadow until 11:40 p.m. The moon was again in full view —barring cloud obstructions—at 1:02 ajn. Scientists said early-day astrol ogers started trying to figure the j regularity of eclipses about 500 ;B.C. Their predictions started getting accurate about 100 years | later, and it was then the science of astronomy began. The next total eclipse to be vis ible here will be on January 29, 1953. The last was in October, 1949. . Young Cattle Prices Higher in Baltimore Young cattle prices are moving toward new highs on the Balti more market. At the same time the Chicago market reported some high-choice loads of steers and yearlings bringing 33 to 33% cents a pound yesterday. This is about a cent above a week ago. In Baltimore, good and choice vealers and slaughter calves were selling from 33 to 36 cents a pound, about 3 cents more than a year ago. Some choice vealers were being held for 37 cents, indicating a further ease. In an unusual development, mostly good stock calves and feeder steers were selling for as much as 31 cents a pound, com I pared to a top price of 30 % cents I for mostly good fed steer yearlings. 1 Normally stock and feeder steers [ sell considerably below yearlings. -- - ^ % Central Union Mission Rally Tickets Are Free Tickets for the 66th anniversary rally of the Central Union Mission at 3 ,p.m. October 8 in Constitu tion Hall, may be obtained free at the mission, 613 C street N.W., or through Bible classes and churches. The Star yesterday incorrectly said they would be sold. 10 Per Cent Levy On TV Sales Goes Into Effect Nov. 1 I Prospective sellers and buyers of new television sets were con fused today by provisions of the new tax bill relating to the 10 per cent excise levy on sets. The confusion results from a provision in the tax bill which applies only to the TV tax. While most provisions in the bill were effective immediately, and the new withholding levy increase goes into effect next Sunday, the item relat ing to TV excises is different. It becomes effective on the first ' of the month following expiration of a 10-day period following the signing of the bill. President Tru man signed the bill Saturday, September 23. This would make the 10-day period expire after October 1 and the tax become effective November 1. A Baltic Defenses Sped By Reds, Paper Says By the Auociated Press STOCKHOLM. Sweden, Sept. 26. —A Swedish newspaper says Rus sia Is hurrying construction of an enormous Baltic coastal de fense line, including a triangle of fortified islands designed as a northern “Gibraltar.” An article in the newspaper Stockholms-Tidningen reported that Moscow is forging its “Baltic wall” all the way from Porkkala, the Soviet-held base in Finland, to Ruegen Island in the Southern Baltic Sea. The article was signed with the Russian name of “Capt. A. Sverd lov,” believed to be the pen name of a person the paper regards as a reliable informant. A series of bases for guided mis siles on the island of Oesel, out side the Bay of Riga, may be part of the bristling Baltic defenses, the article said. It added that between 12,000 to 15,000 workers—including “slave laborers”—are building fortifica tions on the southern part of the island. Business Federation OKs Rate increase for Pepco The Federation of Business Men’s Associations last night in dorsed a rate increase for the Po tomac Electric Power Co. The federation, meeting at the American Security and Trust Co. building, Fifteenth street and New York avenue N.W., passed a reso lution favoring rate increases cur rently asked by Pepco “provided the Public Utilities Commission feels that the amounts asked are not too large,” a federation spokesman said. In other action, the group de ferred for further study any ac tion on a bill in Congress which would require merchants to sell in “good faith” or suffer financial loss at court. The federation also indorsed a proposal of the Fed eration of Citizens Associations for establishment of a citizen’s advisory council to aid the Com missioners. The group asked that business organizations be repre sented on the council. Short Circuit Blows Up Two Manhole Covers Two manhole covers were blown 10 feet into the air early today on the Howard University grounds when a short circuit ignited ac cumulated gases In an electric power cable tunnel. No one was close by when the explosion occurred, but residents of the Sixth and Fairmont streets N.W. area reported they were awakened by the blast. Registration Forms Prepared for Reds, Few Expected to Sign Registration forms for Com munist-action and Communist front organizations and members of Communist-action groups were about ready for signing at the Justice Department today, but few if any signers were expected at this time. A spokesman for the Communist Party in the District said Chair man Roy H. Wood has announced that the party and its members here will not register under the new Communist-control law. Na tional Communist Party leaders also have indicated they will re fuse to register, at least until a final court test of the law. An official statement issued by the Communist Party here today described the law as “a legislative blueprint for American fascism." Called Completely Undemocratic. “The Communist Party of the District of Columbia will not reg ister under this fascistic law,” the statement declared. "We will give support to all who are working for the repeal of this completely un democratic and unconstitutional travesty upon American freedom.” The forms being prepared by the Justice Department will pro vide considerably more informa tion than the mere names of organizations and officers, it was learned. Under the law enacted last week over President Truman’s veto, Communist groups and fronts are supposed to register within 30 days. Because of provisions for hear ing and determination by a sub versive activities control board yet to be appointed by the Presi dent, most Communists are be lieved likely to refuse to sign un til a final decision not only by the board but by the courts. The registration statement will contain the name of the Commu nist-action or Communist-front organization, the address of its principal office and the name and last-known address of each indi vidual who within the previous 12 months was an officer. The functions of each office also are to be described. Financial Information Sought. The statement also is to provide for information “of all moneys received and expended, including; the sources from which received! and the purposes for which ex pended, by the organization” dur ing the previous 12 months. Communist-action organizations, in registering, also are supposed to give the name and last known address of each person who was a member at any time during the previous 12 months. Justice Department officials ex plained that the law also will re quire the department to handle “annual reports” by organizations that register. Such reports are to be filed by February 1. Reports to Be Kept Up to Date. They are to provide much the same information as would be contained in the original registra tion statement, but would have to be kept Up to date. In the case of Communist-action groups, the department is preparing regula tions for the keeping of "accurate records” of names and addresses of members. Another job the department will have to perform, it was explained, will be to send a written notice to every person listed as an officer or member of an organization that registers. That will give the per son an opportunity to deny, if he wishes, that he is an officer or member. ! Registers of Communist-front and Communist-action organiza tions are to be open to publie in spection, department officials said. But the law provides that names of persons listed as officers or members need not be made public for specified times, in some in stances as long as six months. This will enable the department to in vestigate claims of erroneous list ings. Maryland Party Leaders Charge U. S. Terrorism BALTIMORE, Sept. 26 UP).— Leaders of Maryland’s Communist ; Party contend that “terrorism being exercised over America” is responsible for the resignation of two party members. William B. Coleman and Arthur M. Schusterman of Cumberland, both quit the party after they were convicted and fined under a recently enacted Cumberland law which requires Communists to register. In a statement yesterday, Philip Frankfeld, chairman, and George A. Meyer, labor secretary of the party in Maryland and the Dis trict of Columbia, said the resig nations were “a sad commentary on the times we live in.” They added: “Courageous men have divorced themselves from their beliefs be cause of the terrorism being exer cised over America by the 1950 version of the Spanish inquisition (the antl-Communist bill passed by Congress Saturday) and Hit ler’s Gestapo.” PUZZLE CONTESTANTS COMPLETE BOOK OF 6-LETTER WORDS $3.00 Useful in all word-puzzle contests. This book will save you hours and days of weary dictionary hunting. Puzzle editors and professional con testants use these books. Book of 3,000 PICTURES, Price, $5.00 arranged according to subjects. Thus all birds in the book are in one group, animals in another, etc. This is the best book of its kind in the world. FREE: Specimen page from PICTURE ENCYCLOPEDIA of 24,000 illustrations. 1 - yZ Publishers Products Company Box 13, Brooklyn 4,iN. Y. •. * i '—6-.. ■ ■ ■ * k Maryland and Virginia -News in Brief W. R. Woodbury Named Falls Church Manager W. Rhodes Woodbury, 43, is the new city manager of Falls Church. He succeeds Roys S. Braden, one-time county-manager of Ar lington, who held the post on a temporary basis. The new appointee, named by the City Council last night, will assume his duties Monday. He was mana ger of Suffolk, Va„ until he resigned three months ago. Mr. Wood bury, a native Mr Woodbury, of Kentucky, studied civil engi neering at the University of Vir ginia and had been city manager at Harrisonburg, Williamsburg and Alta Vista, all in Virginia. * * * * Sewer Fight Planned Petitions calling for a referen dum in Arlington on a bond issue to finance a new sewage treatment plant were being prepared today. A special committee of lawyers, members of the Arlington-Fair fax Chapter, Izaak Walton League, is drafting the papers to be cir culated among voters for signing. The league is disturbed by Potomac River pollution, recently cited by Harold A. Kemp, sanitary engi neer for the District of Columbia. Arlington’s sewage plant improve ments would cost $2,617,000. * * * it Squirrel Upsets Church There was quite an uproar in the Victory Adventist Church at Monterey, Va., when the guest preacher reached the cli max of bis sermon. About that time a squirrel sauntered up the aisle, leaped to the pulpit and stood on the Bible before pouncing on the head of the Rev. L. S. Shires. The minister required first aid. —AP. * * * * Loses Cold Turkey Arlington, lacking sufficient cold storage facilities, has turned down 22,200 pounds of frozen tur keys offered free by the Govern ment from its surplus food stocks. School Supt. William E. Early said the school lunch program had until yesterday to accept 28, 200. but space for only 6,000 pounds could be found. This wouldn’t have happened, he said, if the county had a new ware house which school officials pur chased at auction in August. The trouble is, the county treasurer refused to sign the oheck and a suit now is in progress to com pel the treasurer, John Locke Green, to sign. Coolies Carry Cars In and Out of Nepal BOMBAY, India.—In the remote Himalayan country of Nepal, be tween India and Tibet, automo-: biles are carried out and brought: in by 60 to 120 coolies. No roads lead into the country, but there are roads inside it. On entering and leaving, a car is placed on a rig resembling a litter and the coolies carry it. A visit1 by outsiders is impossible without an official invitation from the Maharaja. Leesburg Girl of 13 Is Area's 8th Polio fatality This Year Polio has claimed its eighth life in the Washington area this year —13-year-old Sarah Ellen Clagett of Leesburg, Va. She died Sunday at Children’s Hospital, where she was admitted September 17. Meanwhile, 15 new cases of polio have been reported in the area, making a total of 329 for 1950. The Clagett girl, who died of bulbar polio, was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Vernon Clagett. Mr. Clagett is an employe of the J. T. Hirst Lumber Co. of Leesburg. She was an eighth-grade stu dent at Leesburg High School and was an active member of the Leesburg Presbyterian Church. Friends said she was a talented musician and had played the piano for Leesburg entertainments. Besides her parents, she is sur vived by two sisters, Peggy Ann, 17, and Mary Esther, 3. Services Tomorrow. Funeral services will be held at 3 p.m. tomorrow at Leesburg Presbyterian Church. Burial will be in Union Cemetery, Leesburg. Eight of the new cases were re ported by the District Health De partment, four by Montgomery County, two by Fairfax and one by the Prince Georges County Health Department. The added District cases, mak ing a total of 142, are: A 7-year-old colored boy from the 1000 block of Seventh street N.E.; a 5-year-old colored girl from the 3200 block of Thirteenth street N.W., a six-year-old white boy, of the 4500 block of Georgia avenue N.W., a 12-year-old girl from the 600 block of Chaplin street S.E.; a 3-year-old girl from the 400 block of Second street S.E., all at Children’s Hospital; a 16-year-old colored boy from the 1900 block of Ninth street N.W. and a 7-year-old colored boy from the 1500 block of Fifth street N.W. at Gallinger Hospital. Also a 42-year-old woman of the 6400 block of Eighth street N.D. who is at home. Four in Montgomery. The four new Montgomery County cases, making a 1950 total of 54, are: A 19-year-old boy from the 5500 block of Roosevelt street, Be thesda, at Gallinger Hospital; a 13-year-old boy from the 200 block of Normandy drive, Silver Spring; a 7-year-old boy from the 8000 block of Newell street. Silver Spring, and a 10-year-old girl from the 4700 block of Chestnut street, Bethesda, all at Children’s Hospital. The two new Fairfax cases, making a total so far this year of 41, are: A 32-year-old woman from j the 1600 block of Roberts lane, ! Falls Church, and a 14-year-old j boy of Route 5, Falls Church, both at Gallinger Hospital. Prince Georges' 56th case is a 6-year-old boy from the 6400 block of Elliott place, Hampshire Knolls, admitted to Children's Hospital. The Virginia Health Depart ment has reported a record-break ing toll of polio has passed the 800 mark today and is still climb ing. The department received re ports of 22 new cases raising the 1950 total to 807. The prev'r -s record of 758 cases was set lr. 1944. Young on Vacation Joseph Young is on vaca tion. The Federal Spotlight column will be resumed on October 10. The Federal Spot light radio progr./m, however, will continue to be heard reg ularly at 6:15 p.m. each Sat urday over WMAL, The Star station. j I No more luxurious way to Europe than on the largest, fastest, finest American-flag liner—the beautiful s.s. M • ylmeuca Veteran travelers hardest to please are the greatest admirers of the America. Comparing her superb service and cuisine . . . her extra-spacious accommodations ... the delightful entertainment and solid comfort she provides . . . they’ll tell you that no ship is the America's superior for ■ luxury travel... nowhere a more spiek-and-span, a more exciting ocean liner. °“ your next trip to Europe choose the America. You’ll tf w T n. -i