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19-25 Group Can Meet
Armed Forces Need, Draff Officials Say By James Y. Newton Manpower needs of the armed forces in the foreseeable future can be met within the present 19 through 25 age group provided some of the eligibility restrictions are removed, a Selective Service spokesman said today. Col. Daniel O. Omer, Selective Service general counsel, said armed forces strength can be built up to i the new 3 million goal without un due trouble. But in order to main tain forces at that strength, he said,. new sources of manpower; must be found. He advvocated the following steps: 1. Relaxing and setting “more realistic standards” for induction of those in the 19 through 25 group who now- would be classified at 4-F or unfit for service. 2. Recalling of married non-1 fathers whose induction would not j result in hardship at home. 3. Making veterans of World War II in the present age group available for service just as they are now recalled in a reserve status. Talks to Farm Labor Leaders. Col. Omer addressed a special group of farm labor leaders who are holding a two-day meeting here under Government sponsor ship. Secretary of Lahpr Tobin and Secretary of Agriculture Brannan also spoke at the meeting which is being presided over by Robert C. Goodwin, director of the Labor Department’s Bureau of Employ ment Security. Col. Omer said that at the moment about 1.2 million men are needed to bring the armed forces up to 3 million. After reaching the present goal it will be neces sary to induct about 100,000 men a month in order to maintain full strength. That, he said, is where a pinch w’ill be put on manpower reserves. No Calls Over 35 Likely. Col. Omer told the farm labor leaders: 1. They should not ask for oc cupational deferments for men under 26 years. 2. They can expect about the same physical and mental stand ards for service that were worked out toward the end of the last war. 3. They can plan to retain all men in the 26-to-34-age group in the foreseeable future. 4. They can plan to retain the men over 35 indefinitely. Secretary Tobin warned that the manpower supply has become very short in most sections of the country with the total unemployed now estimated under 2 million. Mr. Brannan indicated there might be an increase in food pro- j duction goals soon. He said the Government probably would have to outline a program to “take! what we can out of the land and leave it in better shape if pos- : sible.” Hospitals (Continued From First Page.) j the rate of this airlift of patients is being increased steadily. An average of three big MATS planes arrive each day at Bolling Air Force Base with wounded des tined for Walter Reed Hospital and the Bethesda Naval Medi-I cal Center. Patients have been arriving at such a rate that Walter Reed has added 200 beds. Bethesda has al lotted the Army 150 beds and they are filled. To date, MATS has transported 419 wounded soldiers to Walter Reed and 109 to Bethesda. In addition, some 350 sick soldiers not actually wounded in battle, have been flown to Bolling by MATS and admitted to the two hospitals. Total Wounded Now 9,000. MATS has flown more than 8,000 war wounded to hospitals throughout the country, accord ing to Dr. Meiling. Casualties from the battle of Seoul will ac count for some of the injured, he 6aid, but a speedup in air evacua tion of wounded is designed pri marily to ease the load on hos pitals in Japan. The announced total of wounded to date in Korea is over 9,000. However, the published lists are running about a week behind actual casualties. Defense officials said they ex pected President Truman to ask for draft registration of physi cians and dentists this week and added they would probably ask Selective Service to induct about 2,000. r " ' ^ Give Your Child Security Start saving now for his future That little child of yours will grow up in a happier atmosphere when there are no money worries. You can save for a home, for his education and be prepared for any emergency — by building an insured savings account here. Sava at much as you can —a* often as you can. UVW6S & LOAITMM 1337 G Street N.W. RE. 5262 Br. Tokomo Pk. i NO TEARS SHED OVER THIS FIRE—Mount Joy, Pa.—Pupils of the Grandview School, near here, are all smiles as they sit amid desks and books removed from their 75-year-old one-room schoolhouse, burning briskly in the background, despite efforts of firemen from neighboring communities. The fire, of unde termined origin, destroyed the building, but all of the school’s 29 students were led to safety by their teacher. —AP Wirephoto. Inhabitants Group Censures Ban on Mixed Cast in Play A resolution censuring Mrs. Opal Corkery, principal of Anacostia High School, for her refusal to allow a racially mixed cast to present scenes from “Faith of Our Fathers” at the school, was adopt ed last night at a meeting of the Oldest Inhabitants, Inc., a Negro organization. The resolution also criticized School Supt. Hobart M. Corning for supporting Mrs. Corkery's action. Another resolution commended Dr. Walter E. Hager, president of Wilson Teachers College for his recommendation that the train ing of white and colored teachers be carried on in one institution. Another civic organization, the Consolidated Parent Group, called on Dr. Corning to explain his sup port of the ban. William O. Thomas, chairman of the group’s Investigating Committee, wrote Dr. Corning, “We ponder the possibil ity of your initiating a plan to remove all colored workers from white schools. Such "“would seem your objective in view of your, present stand.” ___ j Dentists in Bristol. England, complain that patients—for free dentistry—come late. Phone STerling 9400 JORDAN'S Comer 13th and G St*. N.W. Gurney Expects Post On Leaving Senate Senator Gurney, Republican, of South Dakota, who was defeated for renomination this year, expects to have a job in the Truman ad ministration when he quits Con gress in January. Leaving the White House late yesterday. Senator Gurney told re porters there was “complete un derstanding” with the President, but “nothing definite” has been worked out. Senator Gurney said he had told the President of his availability for “any job I can fill in the defense setup.” Senator Gurney, who was de feated in the Republican primary by Representative Case, was chair man of the Senate Armed Serv ice Committee in the 80th Con gress. There have been reports that he might succeed Stephen T. Early as Deputy Defense Secretary, but administration sources doubt this. Let’s be sensible. There Is no shortage of food in the United States. The President has stated there is no immediate prospect of rationing. So let's be sensible. Don’t hoard. 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AMERICAN AIRLINES'"' i 1,644 Women Called By Army Will Begin Duty by November 29 i The first women Army reservists called up since the Korean crisis began—1,644 of them—today were receiving orders to report for active duty. All those summoned are due to be in uniform by November 29 and all are to serve 21 months or such other period as is au thorized by law. The Army announced the call up yesterday. Affected are lieu tenants and captains in the Wom en’s Army Corps (WAC.) the Army Nurse Corps, the Women’s Medi cal Specialist Corps and WAC enlisted personnel. Orders went to 936 officers and 708 enlisted women. Of the offi cers, 650 are in the Nurse Corps, 141 (n the WAC and 145 in the Medical Specialist Corps. Single women without depend ents will be taken first. Married women with no dependents may be called later. The follbwing groups of women reservists have been excused. 1. Those with dependent chil dren under 18 years of age. 2. Nurses or medical specialists holding key teaching or adminis trative positions in hospitals or other institutions conducting training courses in their spe cialties. 3. Nurses or medical special ists whose recall might jeopardize the health of the community where they are employed. Hershey Holds Total Reiectionsln Draft Should Not Top 25% Campaign Committee Announced by Beall Representative Beall, Republi can, of Maryland yesterday an nounced appointment of his cam paign committee. Joseph W. Byron of Hagers town is chairman of the commit tee. Mr. Byron is a brother of the late Representative William D. Byron, Democrat, of Washing ton County. Other officers of the committee are Charles P. Wagman, Hagers town attorney, vice chairman, and Arthur J. Hilland, Bethesda, treasurer. Selective Service Director Lewis B. Hershey, a vociferous critic of the current high draft rejection rates, believes between 20 and 25 per cent should be the “maxi mum” rejection in a military draft. Gen. Hershey made this known in an interview with the weekly news magazine, U. S. News and World Report, released today. The general estimated “con structive” use could have been made of 60 or 70 per cent of World War II’s 4-Fs. He said he know of "a great many men whom we left entirely out of the armed forces during the war who could have made a great many contributions.” “Maybe they couldn't march, but marching is not done by all the armed forces,” he added. Hits “False Philosophy.” The draft chief took issue with what he called a “false philosophy” in selecting military personnel and said he has been trying to “preach for the last five years that some where between 20 and 25 per cent is the maximum that it’s ever fair to reject.” In July, the Army’s rejection rate was 58.2 per cent, but the figure dropped about 10 per cent last month. Gen. Hershey said he also feels that, of the several thousand men rejected by psychiatrists during the war, “about 60 per cent were faking.” In addition, the general said he feels the Army’s new mental qual ification tests, which alone re jected about 15 per cent of men examined in July, are “unrealis tic.” The general said he understands the test "is set up to apply where you are competing for a job. and that such a test might well fall down, if motivation is absent.” He added: “I don’t think it necessarily fol lows that because a person isn’t anxious to perhaps stop a busi ness . . . and to go off and fight is any criterion necessarily of what he does when he fights. I think the test is unrealistic be cause it was created for another purpose.” Quizzed on Age Limits. Asked about prospects of raising age limits for draftees, the gen eral strongly urged that the group from 19 through 25 be “exhausted” before moving any higher. If this Nation faces a “cold war” for a generation or so. he added, “we ought to avoid going above 26 at' any time.” While the question of college! student deferment is important ini the 19-25 age group, Gen. Heishey said, that problem is small com pared to those of dependency, oc cupational importance and less qualified physical conditions in higher ages. In addition, he said, a certain amount of stabilization is maintained, “if industry is sure they can have everyone above 26.” From an original pool of about 1.4 million 1-A men in the 19-25 age group, the draft director said, about 500,000 men might be avail able by next June. Voluntary en-j '' I . Ill I ! .11 j listment will sharply cut the num ber otherwise available for the draft, he pointed out. Must Cut Deferments. In order to bring and main tain the armed forces up to the 3-million strength cited by Presi dent Truman, however, Gen. Her shey stressed it will be necessary to eliminate deferment of men with dependents and wipe out the congressional exemption of vet erans under 26. Gen. Hershey also stressed that deferment of men with depend ents Is a threat to the future of a strong National Guard and re serve, since fathers in both these groups now are being called. “We are forced not only by try ing to develop new sources of manpower,” he declared, “but by not getting too far behind what our military is doing otherwise.” Explaining the system of occu pational deferment, Gen. Hershey said regulations provide that tha subject’s Job be essential and that he cannot be replaced. "Essentiality doesn’t amount to much these days,” he said, "but irreplacability is important.” And the decision of that factor, he ex plained. is one to be made by each local draft board. Oxford Wins Oxford University agricultural students won their first inter varsity plowing match against Cambridge by 121 points to 90, London reports. 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