19-25 Group Can Meet
Armed Forces Need,
Draff Officials Say
By James Y. Newton
Manpower needs of the armed
forces in the foreseeable future
can be met within the present 19
through 25 age group provided
some of the eligibility restrictions
are removed, a Selective Service
spokesman said today.
Col. Daniel O. Omer, Selective
Service general counsel, said armed
forces strength can be built up to i
the new 3 million goal without un
due trouble. But in order to main
tain forces at that strength, he
said,. new sources of manpower;
must be found. He advvocated the
1. Relaxing and setting “more
realistic standards” for induction
of those in the 19 through 25
group who now- would be classified
at 4-F or unfit for service.
2. Recalling of married non-1
fathers whose induction would not j
result in hardship at home.
3. Making veterans of World
War II in the present age group
available for service just as they
are now recalled in a reserve
Talks to Farm Labor Leaders.
Col. Omer addressed a special
group of farm labor leaders who
are holding a two-day meeting
here under Government sponsor
Secretary of Lahpr Tobin and
Secretary of Agriculture Brannan
also spoke at the meeting which
is being presided over by Robert
C. Goodwin, director of the Labor
Department’s Bureau of Employ
Col. Omer said that at the
moment about 1.2 million men are
needed to bring the armed forces
up to 3 million. After reaching
the present goal it will be neces
sary to induct about 100,000 men
a month in order to maintain full
strength. That, he said, is where
a pinch w’ill be put on manpower
No Calls Over 35 Likely.
Col. Omer told the farm labor
1. They should not ask for oc
cupational deferments for men
under 26 years.
2. They can expect about the
same physical and mental stand
ards for service that were worked
out toward the end of the last war.
3. They can plan to retain all
men in the 26-to-34-age group in
the foreseeable future.
4. They can plan to retain the
men over 35 indefinitely.
Secretary Tobin warned that the
manpower supply has become very
short in most sections of the
country with the total unemployed
now estimated under 2 million.
Mr. Brannan indicated there
might be an increase in food pro- j
duction goals soon. He said the
Government probably would have
to outline a program to “take!
what we can out of the land and
leave it in better shape if pos- :
(Continued From First Page.) j
the rate of this airlift of patients
is being increased steadily.
An average of three big MATS
planes arrive each day at Bolling
Air Force Base with wounded des
tined for Walter Reed Hospital
and the Bethesda Naval Medi-I
Patients have been arriving at
such a rate that Walter Reed has
added 200 beds. Bethesda has al
lotted the Army 150 beds and
they are filled.
To date, MATS has transported
419 wounded soldiers to Walter
Reed and 109 to Bethesda. In
addition, some 350 sick soldiers
not actually wounded in battle,
have been flown to Bolling by
MATS and admitted to the two
Total Wounded Now 9,000.
MATS has flown more than
8,000 war wounded to hospitals
throughout the country, accord
ing to Dr. Meiling. Casualties
from the battle of Seoul will ac
count for some of the injured, he
6aid, but a speedup in air evacua
tion of wounded is designed pri
marily to ease the load on hos
pitals in Japan.
The announced total of wounded
to date in Korea is over 9,000.
However, the published lists are
running about a week behind
Defense officials said they ex
pected President Truman to ask
for draft registration of physi
cians and dentists this week and
added they would probably ask
Selective Service to induct about
r " ' ^
Start saving now
for his future
That little child of yours
will grow up in a happier
atmosphere when there are
no money worries. You can
save for a home, for his
education and be prepared
for any emergency — by
building an insured savings
Sava at much as you can
—a* often as you can.
UVW6S & LOAITMM
1337 G Street N.W.
RE. 5262 Br. Tokomo Pk.
NO TEARS SHED OVER THIS FIRE—Mount Joy, Pa.—Pupils of
the Grandview School, near here, are all smiles as they sit amid
desks and books removed from their 75-year-old one-room
schoolhouse, burning briskly in the background, despite efforts
of firemen from neighboring communities. The fire, of unde
termined origin, destroyed the building, but all of the school’s
29 students were led to safety by their teacher. —AP Wirephoto.
Inhabitants Group Censures
Ban on Mixed Cast in Play
A resolution censuring Mrs. Opal
Corkery, principal of Anacostia
High School, for her refusal to
allow a racially mixed cast to
present scenes from “Faith of Our
Fathers” at the school, was adopt
ed last night at a meeting of the
Oldest Inhabitants, Inc., a Negro
The resolution also criticized
School Supt. Hobart M. Corning
for supporting Mrs. Corkery's
Another resolution commended
Dr. Walter E. Hager, president of
Wilson Teachers College for his
recommendation that the train
ing of white and colored teachers
be carried on in one institution.
Another civic organization, the
Consolidated Parent Group, called
on Dr. Corning to explain his sup
port of the ban. William O.
Thomas, chairman of the group’s
Investigating Committee, wrote Dr.
Corning, “We ponder the possibil
ity of your initiating a plan to
remove all colored workers from
white schools. Such "“would seem
your objective in view of your,
Dentists in Bristol. England,
complain that patients—for free
Phone STerling 9400
Comer 13th and G St*. N.W.
Gurney Expects Post
On Leaving Senate
Senator Gurney, Republican, of
South Dakota, who was defeated
for renomination this year, expects
to have a job in the Truman ad
ministration when he quits Con
gress in January.
Leaving the White House late
yesterday. Senator Gurney told re
porters there was “complete un
derstanding” with the President,
but “nothing definite” has been
Senator Gurney said he had told
the President of his availability for
“any job I can fill in the defense
Senator Gurney, who was de
feated in the Republican primary
by Representative Case, was chair
man of the Senate Armed Serv
ice Committee in the 80th Con
There have been reports that
he might succeed Stephen T. Early
as Deputy Defense Secretary, but
administration sources doubt this.
Let’s be sensible. There Is no
shortage of food in the United
States. The President has stated
there is no immediate prospect of
rationing. So let's be sensible.
CLASSES START I
All warm, full or port tim» or*
approved under the e. I. Bill
If21 CONN. AVI. MAIN OFFICE
IT6T K ST. ANNEX
(Beoeon Bldg., IStli * K gt». N.W.)
RE. 1513 • RE. 3780
mcuirn s° |nexpen^ve
IHCflllU BY AMERICAN'S NEW
Save 50% of your return fare!
• With mildly cool nights and pleasantly warm days, Mexico
is by far your best vacation buy. Not only is your money
worth more "South of the Border,” but your travel dollar
buys so much more as well! Passengers
flying between Oct. 1st and Dec. 15th
or March 15th thru May 31st can save
5035 of their return trip fare. A gener
ous 15-day return trip limit is provided.
THE ONLY THRU SERVICE TO MEXICO CITY
For reservation* and information «all
EXccutiv* 2345 ar your nearest travel agon!
!. AMERICAN AIRLINES'"'
1,644 Women Called
By Army Will Begin
Duty by November 29
The first women Army reservists
called up since the Korean crisis
began—1,644 of them—today were
receiving orders to report for
All those summoned are due to
be in uniform by November 29
and all are to serve 21 months
or such other period as is au
thorized by law.
The Army announced the call
up yesterday. Affected are lieu
tenants and captains in the Wom
en’s Army Corps (WAC.) the Army
Nurse Corps, the Women’s Medi
cal Specialist Corps and WAC
Orders went to 936 officers and
708 enlisted women. Of the offi
cers, 650 are in the Nurse Corps,
141 (n the WAC and 145 in the
Medical Specialist Corps.
Single women without depend
ents will be taken first. Married
women with no dependents may
be called later.
The follbwing groups of women
reservists have been excused.
1. Those with dependent chil
dren under 18 years of age.
2. Nurses or medical specialists
holding key teaching or adminis
trative positions in hospitals or
other institutions conducting
training courses in their spe
3. Nurses or medical special
ists whose recall might jeopardize
the health of the community
where they are employed.
Hershey Holds Total Reiectionsln Draft Should Not Top 25%
Announced by Beall
Representative Beall, Republi
can, of Maryland yesterday an
nounced appointment of his cam
Joseph W. Byron of Hagers
town is chairman of the commit
tee. Mr. Byron is a brother of
the late Representative William
D. Byron, Democrat, of Washing
Other officers of the committee
are Charles P. Wagman, Hagers
town attorney, vice chairman, and
Arthur J. Hilland, Bethesda,
Selective Service Director Lewis
B. Hershey, a vociferous critic of
the current high draft rejection
rates, believes between 20 and 25
per cent should be the “maxi
mum” rejection in a military
Gen. Hershey made this known
in an interview with the weekly
news magazine, U. S. News and
World Report, released today.
The general estimated “con
structive” use could have been
made of 60 or 70 per cent of
World War II’s 4-Fs. He said he
know of "a great many men
whom we left entirely out of the
armed forces during the war who
could have made a great many
“Maybe they couldn't march,
but marching is not done by all
the armed forces,” he added.
Hits “False Philosophy.”
The draft chief took issue with
what he called a “false philosophy”
in selecting military personnel and
said he has been trying to “preach
for the last five years that some
where between 20 and 25 per cent
is the maximum that it’s ever fair
to reject.” In July, the Army’s
rejection rate was 58.2 per cent,
but the figure dropped about 10
per cent last month.
Gen. Hershey said he also feels
that, of the several thousand men
rejected by psychiatrists during
the war, “about 60 per cent were
In addition, the general said he
feels the Army’s new mental qual
ification tests, which alone re
jected about 15 per cent of men
examined in July, are “unrealis
The general said he understands
the test "is set up to apply where
you are competing for a job. and
that such a test might well fall
down, if motivation is absent.”
“I don’t think it necessarily fol
lows that because a person isn’t
anxious to perhaps stop a busi
ness . . . and to go off and fight
is any criterion necessarily of
what he does when he fights. I
think the test is unrealistic be
cause it was created for another
Quizzed on Age Limits.
Asked about prospects of raising
age limits for draftees, the gen
eral strongly urged that the group
from 19 through 25 be “exhausted”
before moving any higher. If this
Nation faces a “cold war” for a
generation or so. he added, “we
ought to avoid going above 26 at'
While the question of college!
student deferment is important ini
the 19-25 age group, Gen. Heishey
said, that problem is small com
pared to those of dependency, oc
cupational importance and less
qualified physical conditions in
higher ages. In addition, he said,
a certain amount of stabilization
is maintained, “if industry is sure
they can have everyone above 26.”
From an original pool of about
1.4 million 1-A men in the 19-25
age group, the draft director said,
about 500,000 men might be avail
able by next June. Voluntary en-j
'' I . Ill I ! .11 j
listment will sharply cut the num
ber otherwise available for the
draft, he pointed out.
Must Cut Deferments.
In order to bring and main
tain the armed forces up to the
3-million strength cited by Presi
dent Truman, however, Gen. Her
shey stressed it will be necessary
to eliminate deferment of men
with dependents and wipe out the
congressional exemption of vet
erans under 26.
Gen. Hershey also stressed that
deferment of men with depend
ents Is a threat to the future of a
strong National Guard and re
serve, since fathers in both these
groups now are being called.
“We are forced not only by try
ing to develop new sources of
manpower,” he declared, “but by
not getting too far behind what
our military is doing otherwise.”
Explaining the system of occu
pational deferment, Gen. Hershey
said regulations provide that tha
subject’s Job be essential and that
he cannot be replaced.
"Essentiality doesn’t amount to
much these days,” he said, "but
irreplacability is important.” And
the decision of that factor, he ex
plained. is one to be made by each
local draft board.
Oxford University agricultural
students won their first inter
varsity plowing match against
Cambridge by 121 points to 90,
London reports. The highest scor
er for Oxford was R. Pierce and
the second highest was P. S. D.
MUTUAL FEDERAL SAVINGS
and LOAN ASSOCIATION
425 7th St., S.W. Executive 1514
HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF SMOKERS, who tried
this test,, report in signed statements that. PHILIP MORRIS
is DEFINITELY LESS IRRITATING, DEFINITELY MILDER!
1... Light up a
Just take a puff-DONT inhale—and
s-l-o-w-l-y let the smoke come through
your nose. Easy, isn’t it? And NOW...
2... Light up your
Do exactly the same thing—DON'T
INHALE. Notice that bite, that sting?
Quite a difference from PHILIP MORRIS I
Other brands merely make claims—but Philip Morris Invites
you to compare, to judge, to decide for yourself.
Try this simple test. We believe that you, too, will agree . . .
Philip Morris is, indeed, America’s FINEST Ggarette!
MORE SMOKING PLEASURE!
xml | txt