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With Sunday Morning Edition. _WASHINGTON, D. C._ Published by The Evening Star Newspaper Company. SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN, President. B. M. McKELWAY, Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. . NEW YORK OFFICE: 420 Lexington Ave. CHICAGO OFFICE: 433 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier. Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday Monthly _1.50* Monthly _ 1.10* Monthly _ 45c Weekly _35c Weekly _ 25c Weekly _ 10c *10c additional for Night Final Edition. Rates by Moil—Payable in Advance. Anywhere in United States. Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday 1 year -18.00 1 year _11.50 1 year _7.50 6 months_... 9.50 6 months _6.00 6 months ..._4.00 1 month _ 1.60 1 month _ 1.10 1 month -70* telephone Sterling 5000. Entered at the Post Office, Washington, D. C., as second-class mail matter. _ Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republkation of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all A. P. news dispatches. A—6 *K Saturday, September 30, 1950 The Consumer Cannot Win The consumer stands to lose, one way or another, if the Public Utilities Commission orders a readjustment of rates for electricity supplied by the Potomac Elect ric Power Company to Capital Transit and the District Government. According to figures furnished the Commission by Pepco, individual light users have been the victims of a discriminatory rate system—one that permits Capital Transit and the District to buy electricity far below its cost of manufacture. In a six-month period these losses totaled $578,370, Pepco asserted, while household users of current were paying $857,276 above production cost. The power company’s figufes have been chal lenged for accuracy. They need careful checking by the PUC. But if they prove to be reasonably accurate, the conclusion is justified that small consumers have been carrying a share of the deficits caused by inadequate charges for street car operation and street lighting. This is manifestly unfair and should be corrected. But any correction of the inequitable rate schedule will hit the general public from other directions. Capital Transit already lias warned that any substantial increase in its power bill would necessitate another fare raise. And an increase in street lighting expenditures by the District eventually would have to come out of the pockets of the taxpayers. The prospect indicates that no matter where he is or what he does—the con sumer cannot win. New York's Police Shakeup The shakeup in the New York City police department ought to be extended to cover the strange crime-reporting system which has pre vailed there for some years. The system is so strange, in fact, that the Federal Bureau of Investigation has refused to publish New York’s crime statistics in :t6 official publication, Uniform Crime Reports. The FBI has explained this omission by a footnote: “Complete data not received.” Incomplete police reports can hide a lot of crime and give the public a false impression as to the efficiency of the police. And public complacency makes it easier for corrupting Influences to invade law enforcement. Residents of the Nation’s biggest city have been jarred from their complacency by the shocking revelations of a hard-hitting district attorney and a deep-digging grand jury. Testi mony of bribery of police on a million-dollars-a year scale has led to resignation of Police Com missioner O’Brien and appointment in his place of the colorful Thomas F. Murphy, prosecutor of Alger Hiss. If Mr. Murphy really is given the free hand promised him, there should be a thoroughgoing and interesting clean-up of the police department. A reorganization of the detective bureau already has begun. A drastic overhaul of the department’s crime-reporting policies is a necessary further step. New York’s insistence on compiling crime statistics in its own way has resulted in some incredible tabulations. Former Mayor O’Dwyer, in a comparison last year of crime in New York with that in other large cities, pointed out that the murder rate in other cities was twice that in New York, the robberies four times as numerous, and burglaries and larcenies more than 10 times as numerous. But he failed to state that the FBI branded the New York totals as incomplete. Comparisons with other city crime rates therefore were deceiving. There is reason to believe, in view of recent disclosures, that the deception practiced by the department was intentional. District Attorney Hogan and Police Commis sioner Murphy should take whatever steps are necessary to establish a system of honest crime reporting in New York City. The FBI undoubtedly would be willing to assist in this project, so that New York’s crime totals may be included in the Nation-wide reports released every six months. Confused Color Picture (TV) The Federal Communications Commission is finding that it is easier to decide what sort of color television the public should have than to provide it. The refusal of several leading TV set manufacturers to go along with the commission in its approval of a mechanical system of color television adds complications to an already com plicated situation. The FCC, after viewing numerous demonstra tions of rival color systems, reached the conclusion that the Columbia Broadcasting System’s revolv ing disc method of transmitting and receiving pictures in color was the best it had seen. But the CBS system has a disadvantage not present in the electronic tube methods of the Radio Corporation of America and Color Television, Incorporated, the two chief competitors of CBS in the color field. Whereas ordinary present-day sets can receive the RCA and CTI color broadcasts as black-and-white pictures, special alterations are needed to receive in black and white the CBS color transmissions. The FCC had asked all manufacturers to include these alterations in black-and-white sets henceforward, with a promise that if they did—and only if they did— the door would be held open for further consid eration of the electronic systems. Although RCA, Dumont and other producers have declined to co-operate in this plan, it is hard to believe that the FCC will carry out its threat to go ahead with adoption of the CBS method without further consideration of compet ing systems. Although it has been the consensus ot those who have viewed the rival demonstra tions- that electronically produced color is not as bright and stable as that produced by the whirling color wheel, con'lnued research is likely to improve the quality ol the electronic picluie'7. This research will go on, regardless of the FCC attitude, and the commission ought to keep an open mind toward, these developments,, with a view to giving the public the benefit promptly of any major improvement. Meanwhile, if CBS is permitted to carry out its plans for regular color broadcasts at an early date, TV set owners will have to decide for them selves whether to convert their present sets so as to receive CBS color—and thus miss black-and white programs (unless special switches also are installed)—or stick to black-and-white television on the regular channels. In short, the color TV outlook is as confused as a mechanically produced color picture would be on an ordinary black and-white receiver. Our Guard Must Stay Up • Though it is heart-warming, though it means that American and Allied arms are winning a great and significant victory under the flag of the United Nations, the news from Korea ought not to lead any of us into the wishful thought that now we can relax and return to business and life as usual. Nothing could be farther from the truth. Nothing could be less in keeping with the hard realities of this day and age. Nothing could be more helpful to the men of the Kremlin and their relentless conspiracy to spread their tyranny everywhere through direct and indirect aggression. For the fact is—as has been emphasized by President Truman and General Bradley, chair man of our Joint Chiefs of Staff—that the United States and the rest of the free world cannot let their guard down now without gravely endanger ing themselves. Winning the war in Korea represents only a phase of what we. must yet achieve if we are to be safe, if we are to prevent an all-out global conflict, or if we are to survive and win that conflict in case it cannot be pre vented. The defeat of the puppet North Korean Reds has not ended the towering menace of these times. That menace still casts its shadow in every direction, and to cope with it, to hold it in check and guard against its destroying our way of life, we must carry through with an unprecedented peacetime preparedness program in the years immediately ahead. The program is one of large and costly dimensions. It calls for billions of dollars in American armaments aid to our friends abroad. It calls for the creation, under the Atlantic Pact, of unified and greatly enlarged Allied defensive forces in free Europe. It calls for the dispatch of additional divisions of our troops to Western Germany. It calls for a far-reaching speed-up in our military production here at home. It calls for a sharp increase in the size of our Army, Navy and Air Force to a personnel level of at least 3 million men. It calls, in short, for the con version of our country into a kind of semiarmed camp, plus proportionate exertions by all powers in alliance with us. And it means, as far as our civilian society is concerned, much higher taxes, a complex of economic controls, and the imposi tion of numerous other individual and collective restraints for years to come. With victory on the way in Korea, all this may strike many Americans as unnecessary, and that feeling is likely to grow if the world at large seems to quiet down in the immediate future. Accordingly, no one should be surprised if the Russians, in line with their recent shift to more temperate behavior, now undertake to speak with increasing softness and to launch some kind of "peace” offensive. By so doing by easing tensions in trouble spots like Germany, by appearing to be conciliatory and by putting ori a show of moderation in general, they might hope to lull everybody into a false sens* of security and to play upon public psychology in such a way as to bring about a marked slowdown in the efforts now being made by the United States and the other Western Powers to build up collective defensive strength. Here is a danger to be guarded against. We must refuse to be hoodwinked by soft words or empty gestures. We must hold fast to the course that has been set. With everything that the years have taught us since the end of the Second World War, we must keep constantly in mind this major lesson: That if we do not look to our arms, if we do not get back at least part of the strength we senselessly threw away after 1945, we shall be inviting the Russians to walk all over us. Until they themselves disarm substantially, do away with their Iron Curtain, agree to atomic control, and otherwise demonstrate that they really want peace, we must continue to prepare for the worst. We cannot do less without risking our survival as a free nation. Regardless of Doomsday For some reason or other (nobody seems to know just why) the sun and the moon turned blue over the North Sea a few days ago. People In parts of the United Kingdom and Denmark saw it all very clearly—a more factual thing, apparently, than the flying saucers and translu cent bath tubs that have been said to be soaring about in our own American skies. Hardly less interesting than the phenomenon itself, however, was the reaction it caused among certain individ uals. Forgetting the old saying about ‘‘once in a blue moon” iwhich suggests that there have been such celestial hijinks in times past), they grew jittery and feared that the end of the world was at hand. And then what did they do? They rushed to their banks to draw out their money, determined to take it with them regardless of the oncoming doomsday. Whatever the psycho logists and psychiatrists may have to say about the property instinct or human conduct under stress, there can be no doubt that our race of bipeds has a lot of oddity in it. And perhaps that’s just as well: It tends to make life interesting by injecting a little absurdity into what might otherwise be an unbearably somber state of global affairs, with or without weird discolorations in the heavens above us. Exit of a Champion The new world’s heavyweight boxing cham pion says, graciously, that he hopes to be as great a champion as was Joe Louis. But Ezzard Charles probably is fully aware of the magnitude of the job of equalling the exploits of the fighter he defeated at Madison Square Garden—with an assist from Father Time. Few who saw the bruising contest, either at ringside or through televisidrty bfeileve that Charles could have de feated the Brown Bomber of a decade ago. Joe told reporters that after the first three or four rounds he realized he was “washed up.” Age was beginning to tell by then and its effects became increasingly noticeable as the rounds passed. It was saddening to those who had followed the remarkable career of the former Alabama cotton picker to see the change that two years of inaction and 36 birthday anniver saries had wrought in him. Joe Louis’ exit was edged with sentiment not only because he was a great fighter but a clean one—both in the ring and out of It. The Biq Chief From Ninth Street By George Kennedy NO ONE except a couple of cigar store Indians was in the office when the interviewer entered. But a voice, apparently coming from a private bath behind the opposite wall, immedi ately began to fi\l the room. ‘‘Just got off a train and I’m changing my shirt,” the voice said ‘‘Look around. Those cigar store Indians are registered with the office in the Department of the Interior that keeps track of genuine Americana. One was in front of the drug store of Dr. Keeley, at Dwight, 111. —the man who started the Keeley cure. The other is from an old Georgetown tobacco shop.” A minute later, George Preston Mar shall followed his voice into the room. He’s six feet two, weighs 206 pounds— the healthiest^ youngest-looking man of 54 you ever saw—hair parted a little to the right of center and slicked down just as it was in his high school days. ‘‘So you want me to talk about the Redskins,” the voice continued. "I can’t tell you why they are the most popular football team in the country. ‘‘Their popularity is- something you have to experience; you can’t just be told about it. If you want to find out about it, step in Sunday on the first game of the season at Griffith Stadium, against the Pittsburgh Steelers. “Wherever they play on the road they outdraw other visiting teams. During the war our gross for six games—box office alone, not counting the conces sions—was three quarters of a million dollars. “Here’s a hand that has sold a lot of tickets.” Mr. Marshall picked up from his desk an upright sculptured hand, life-size, with fingers outstretched as if to pass the ball. “It’s the hand of Sammy Baugh. A sculptor named Henry Lyon did it for me in Los Angeles. “The Redskins are a Washington in stitution! But Holiday Magazine runs a Washington edition and never men tions them. What do you think of that? “When a Redskin game is on the air it blocks out all opposition. Their Hooper rate is the highest in radio— higher than presidential speeches, in cluding those of the late Franklin D. Roosevelt. As many as 92 per cent of the radio sets in use have been found to be tuned in on the Redskin game. People here don’t realize that every Redskin game is broadcast in Boston and Hart ford and Atlanta—on 18 eastern stations in all and 10 FM stations. “The Redskins are the only profes sional football team with a successful song. You know ‘Hail to the Redskins.’ Barnee Breeskln, the leader of the Shore ham Orchestra, wrote the music. My wife—she was Corinne Griffith of the movies—wrote the words. It’s been pub lished by Leo Feist. Minnesota and Michigan and a score of high schools are using it with different lyrics. “And the fans! Just look at the pic tures on these walls. That’s Jesse Jones throwing out the first ball of our first Washington game. That was in 1937. He had never seen a football team until I got him interested. “Read the framed telegram over there. Never mind, I’ll read it for you. ‘Thank you for your wire of sympathy and best wishes for my recovery. I sincerely hope Sammy Baugh will slam his way to vic tory in every game of the season and lead the team to signal triumphs over its ad versaries. My. best wishes to you and every member of the Redskin team.’ Signed: ‘Carter Glass.’” “He used to motor in from Lynchburg every Sunday to see the Redskins play. Just look at these pictures of celebrities in attendance at the games. That’s Jimmy Byrnes and his wife. They were regulars. There’s Eisenhower. That was taken in 1945. He had just flown into New York that morning from Ger many—when he heard about the game he hurried here. That’s Gen. George Cattlett Marshall putting heavy wool socks over his wife’s shoes. It was one of the coldest Sundays we ever had for a Washington game. “That’s Bill Corum. You say you were working in New York in 1937? Then you must remember his lead on the ar rival of the Redskins when we beat the New York Giants and went on to the national championship. It was: ‘At the head cf a 150-piece brass ban® and 10, 000 fans, George Preston Marshall slipped unobtrusively into New York today.’ “There I am at Bailey’s Beach New port in 1925 lunching with Mrs. A. J. Drexel Biddle, Julian Sloan and Julian •Girard. That picture of me and Jack Hearst was taken in Havana. That’s I with Jimmy Walker just after arriving in Germany on the Bremen. That’s I and Buddy de Sylva. The couple arm and arm in the center of that picture is Tony Biddle and L There I am with George Vanderbilt and Eddie Ricken backer. “So you were in New York during the Roosevelt Raceway days? That story about the millionaire Washington laun dryman taken to the cleaners? Not a thing to it. I didn’t lose a nickel on the Roosevelt Raceway. I was just hired by a lot of millionaires to manage it. “Here's a picture of it. Look at. those turns. You could run around them faster than you could drive a car. What a crazy idea of a show! It was the most boring thing I ever watched. They lost about a million and a half in two seasons. “Why they picked me to run it, I don’t know. I never drove an automobile in my life. Used to have a chauffeur—now my wife drives me. “Reminds you of Tex Rickard and his 600 millionaires of the Madison Square Garden Club? I had more mil lionaires in on that Raceway than Tex Rickard ever thought of. Just look at this picture of my board of directors. “You say you come from Buffalo? I remember playing in vaudeville there in 1915 at Mike Shea’s theater in Court street. Yes. I did a lot of trouping. Still got a lot of the ham in me. But the theater doesn’t owe me anything. In 1919 I paid the first $20,000 on this building (the Palace Laundry building on Ninth street) from the profits of one season’s management of the old Belasco. “That’s when we started to branch out—branches all over town. I created the slogan ‘Long Live Linen’ and put it on every store front. Some one wrote a letter to The Star and said: ‘George Preston Marshall is a Communist. The signs mean ‘Long Live Lenin.’ ’’ Letters to The Star . * A pseudonym is permissible only when letter carries correct name * and address of writer. Please be brief. Is 'D. C.' Enough? I quite agree with the letter of Mrs. E. C. B„ “Improving Auto Tags,” pub lished in Tuesday night’s Star. The addi tion of Nation’s Capital” to our license plates would be a fine improvement. When my husband and I were touring out West last summer, we noticed the effec tive advertising the different States em ployed by the addition of descriptive phrases on their license plates; such as, “Colorful Colorado” for Colorado, “Land of Enchantment” for New Mexico, and the "Peach State” for Georgia. We stopped at a drive-in in California and the waitress asked us what “D. C.” stood for. She had thought we had come down from Canada, no doubt confusing D. C. with B. C. Mrs. Marshall K. Crawford. Calling Mr. Keneipp! In. a recent letter to The Star, Traffic Director George Keneipp ably and con vincingly argued for a traffic light at Fourteenth and D streets SW., where high-speed Virginia traffic enters the District. His own arguments should interest Mr. Keneipp in personally in specting another area where high-speed traffic enters the city, and to apply his seven criteria for traffic light control to the following condition: The Indianhead Freeway is an extra wide, two-lane, 50-mile-an-hour high way which comes into Washington from Southern Maryland, joining with South Capitol street at the District line. Just prior to entering the city, the Freeway becomes a four-lane divided highway, and at the intersection with Southern avenue this high-speed traffic is sup posed to slow down to 25 miles an hour, Three blocks from that intersection, cars on South Capitol street whiz by Pat terson Elementary Schocfl, where grade school children cross the street four times a day. Three blocks further on is a busy shopping center, with large stores on both sides of the street. There are also four churches on or near South Capitol street in that area. Then South Capitol street again becomes a four-lane divided highway with a supposed speed limit of 30 miles an hour. I leave it to the imagination of the reader to count how many drivers on South Capitol street, traveling either way, actually slow down to 25 miles an hour when passing the grade school, churches, or shopping center. Entering the city from the high-speed Indianhead Freeway, a driver is unchecked in his progress on South Capitol street until M street, where there is a traffic light— four miles from the District line. About three-fourths of a mile of that distance is through the congested area previously mentioned. Several deaths and numerous near accidents have already occurred. That more children have not been killed is due, not to the watchfullness of drivers passing through, but to the extreme vigilance of parents who are afraid to permit their children to cross South Capitol street unattended on their way to daily or Sunday school. How many more people must be al most hit. injured, or killed crossing that street before Mr. Keneipp’s seven criteria are met? How can a daily or even an hourly traffic count indicate that an agile and alert adult must wait up to ten minutes to cross that volume of traffic—and then sometimes have to jump out of the way of a speeding car which has appeared unexpectedly? A personal inspection of the area by Mr. Keneipp during various hours of the day and evening is certainly in order. Joseph Wegbreit. Mr. McLemore on Mr. Taft Why do you pay good money to serve up to your readers such tripe as Henry McLemore dishes out? I refer particu larly to his thing which cluttered up the overseas mails or wire service from Lon don anent Senator Taft, as published in your paper of September 21. When he tries to tell me that Gen. Marshall did more than anyone else to make this country victorious in World War II, I say to Mr. McLemore that he insults my in telligence as an average Star reader. When he tries to convince me that Sen ator Taft is ‘‘a starting, first string, varsity jerk,” I say to Mr. McLemore that in my opinion the shoe is on the other foot. Arthur L. Quinn. * ★ I want to express my indignation over the column of humorist Henry McLe more in his attack on Senator Taft. I think it is Mr. McLemore and not Sena tor Taft who has struck rock bottom. Senator Taft stated his objection to Gen. Marshall on the ground that the law was written to bar a military man from this post and he agreed with the law. I, personally, do not agree with the law and feel that a military man is best fitted for this position. However, Sena tor Taft has not just a right, but a duty to express himself. He was elected lor that purpose. I pray we may never become so domi nated by the Executive Branch that a legislator will be afraid to oppose a move made by the administration. These vicious attacks on an able and highly respected representative of the people seem aimed at the very heart of demo cratic government. They frighten me. Mother of Three Boys. 'Hell on Fits' Senator Mundt’s mention of the Demo crats as war-bringer-oners recalls a very ancient story. This one is recom mended to toastmasters and M. C.’s as of about the right vintage to be used on their Jobs: There was a physician who was no toriously ignorant of pills or ills, and particularly of their proper relationship one to the other. One of his neighbors was a reputable doctor of medicine and surgery. Each man was the father of a bright son, the two boys being intimate playmates. One day the son of the real doctor said, with a boy’s naivete, "How does your daddy get away with the practice of medicine? Everybody knows he has no educational equipment for the work.” “Well.” said the son of the phony medic; “when Pop gets hold of a case he doesn’t understand, which is most of the time, he gives the patient some thing to throw him into fits. And the old man is sure hell on fits!” Senator Mundt’s statement that the Democrats are certain to lead us into total war if continued in charge of the Government, is an application of the same quack principle. Strickland Gillilan. Crowded Bus In the cause of public safety I write the following experience during a 35 minute ride home on a W. M. & A. bus about 5:20 p.m. Tuesday. As the bus left the terminal at Eleventh street and Pennsylvania avenue, N.W., it was full, with people standing in the aisle. At each stop more and more people were taken on until passengers were even standing crowded up into the wind shield and on the step at the door of the bus. The passengers had moved to the rear of the bus and the bus was jammed! It was impossible for the driver to see anything to the righbof the bus. Thi§ is a terribly dangerous procedure, and steps should Be taken to see that it is corrected. We should not wait until another accident occurs and then cor rect matters. A. J. Bascolm. * This and That . . . By Charles E. Tracewell “FALLS CHURCH, Va. “Dear Sir: “A recent visit to the Atlantic Ocean’s most popular resort has given me a first hand knowledge of the habits of sea gulls. “I observed three separate kinds, the largest of which alighted on a sea wall, and seemed to be as large as an average duck, same coloring and blunt beak, while those I have seen in flight over the Potomac are no larger than pigeons. “The jetty extended a full city block into the ocean. The larger birds were seen there, gathering their food in flight; hundreds of smaller, darker specimens about the size of starlings seemed to gather their food from the surf as each wave washed up. * * “To the many who have inquired con cerning squirrels, I have some encour aging news, it being understood that those who cater to the birds do not wish to kill the squirrels but want to frighten them off long enough for the birds to get their share. “My brother-in-law, who maintains a window feeder, uses a glass water pistol about the size of a regular revolver, which shoots a stream of water about 25 feet. “I think this is very humane and keeps the squirrels at bay until the birds have fed. Hoping this will solve the squirrel problem, and assuring you that all of the younger set is still with us. including the catbird, thrush, thrasher and tewhee, I remain, ‘•Sincerely, O. E. C. Water birds are a study all by them selves. Here we have the herring gull and the ring-billed gull and occassionally some others. Down in the bay are the ospreys and others. Ospreys draw to their nests grackles, which feed upon the fish the ospreys bring to their young. Ospreys and grackles get along very well to gether. The herring gull is the most familiar along the entire Eastern coast. They follow the ships, looking for food. They will eat carrion as well as fresh fish, being a sort of aquatic vulture, in this respect. They are smart and will drop clams on the shore to open them. All of our local gulls like millipedes, even angle worms; that is why they flock to the green grass along shore and in some of the parks. They will fly to garbage cans, ’teven places where garbage may be dumped, as it was sometimes in the old day. Gulls often fly far inland, and follow the plow, to get worms. Gulls nave square tails, while terns do not, as a rule. Gulls fly with their bills nearly on a line with their bodies, while terns carry their bills pointed down. The gull is the one which alights on the water. The tern hovers and plunges for food. Gulls are marvelous flyers, being able to take advantage of every wind. People at sea often wonder if it is the same flock of gulls following them. They sometimes say it is impossible, it must be a new group, but the fact is that gulls are capable of long, long flights. California gulls love to eat field mice, and in doing so flew to Nevada. In Salt Lake City may be seen a monument to the California gulls which came from 1848 to 1850 to eat millions of crickets, and so save the crops. Gulls are wonderful “people,” and de serve all the protection we can give them. * * Using a water pistol on the squirrels and pigeons is not a bad idea. A bqtter one, however, is to put out enough food for all. Hungry creatures, spying and smelling good food, are going to eat it. They are “only one times one,” as the poet put it, and know no better. If enough food is given, there will be enough for all, and this in turn will save the human factor in the scene from be coming too excited about something that does not. rate a red face. After all, there are so many ills in the modern world that thoroughly deserve our attention, there is not much sense in becoming upset over squirrels, as long as they do not invade one’s house. That, as some homeowners have discovered, is a matter worth worrying over. The Political Mill Effort to Discredit Byrnes Seen Shaping Was 'Miserable Failure' Charge Matter of Timing? By Gould Lincoln Former Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, soon to be governor of South Carolina, is firmly convinced that he did not become a “miserable failure’* in the eyes of President Truman until June 18, 1949—a year and a half after he had left the State Department. That was the date on which Mr. Byrnes de livered a scathing attack upon the Tru man domestic program in an address at Washington and Lee University. Mr. Byrnes has made this plain to friends in commenting on Jonathan Daniels* new Truman book, in which Mr. Daniels quoted the President as having said: “He (Byrnes) failed miserably as Secretary of State and ran out on me when the going was very rough and when I needed him worst.” Mr. Dan iels gave no date for this presidential comment on Mr. Byrnes. However, his succeeding sentences seem to bear out Mr. Byrnes oelief that the “miserable failure” characterization of Byrnes fol lowed the Lexington (Va.) speech. They were: “His (Byrnes’) ‘bad heart’ has now left him when he has found that he made a bad guess. So he and old Baruch have joined the McCormicks, Hearsts and Scripps-Howards to discredit me. They will not succeed.” Today it looks very much as though Mr. Truman, with the aid of Mr. Daniels, has set out deliberately to discredit Mr. Byrnes, whose Democratic nomination for governor is tantamount to election. Mr. Byrnes as Governor of South Caro lina can be a potent voice in Southern Demociatic councils. Cordial Letters Recalled. The recollection of Mr. Byrnes is that following his retirement as Secretary of State—when the President wrote him in high praise of his work as head of that Department—he received a number of cordial letters from Mr. Truman, and in one of them the President asked his advice about a hard boiled foreign re lations speech Mr. Truman was to de liver. Further, Mr. Byrnes disagrees en tirely with the Daniels book “The Man of Independence” regarding Mr. Truman’s treatment of Byrnes on the presidential yacht Williamsburg, December 29, 1945, immediately after Mr. Byrnes’ return from the Moscow conference. In his book, Mr. Daniels says; "Certainly there was stern talk when Byrnes came up into the President’s lounge” and he quoted Mr. Truman as saying some time later; “Byrnes got the real riot act after Moscow. I told him our policy was not appeasement and not a one-way street.” The former Secretary of State insists that his welcome by the President on the Williamsburg was both cordial and enthusiastic: that he patted him on the back and said he liked Mr. Byrnes’ radio speecn delivered at the time. The ietter which Mr. Byrnes received fVom the President in June, 1949, to which Mr. Truman had added a post script: ‘ Now I understand how Caesar felt toward Brutus,” came about in the following way. Mr. Byrnes had written a letter to a Washington conimnist, deny ing there had been a sharp quarrel be tween the President and Mr. Byrnes. He sent a copy of that letter to the President. The President had dictated a letter in re ply to Mr. Byrnes, agreeing. He failed to maii it immediately. In the interim Mr. Byrnes made his speech at Washing ton and Lee University—and Mr. Tru man then added his postscript about Brutus and Caesar. To that postscript Mr. Byrnes has explained that he “did not regard himself as Brutus and “I hoped he would stop thinking of him self as Caesar because he certainly was. no Caesar.’ Marked Real Break. The Byrnes speech at Washington and Lee University was a humdinger, in which he commented: “If some of the new programs seriously proposed should be adopted, there is danger that the individual—whether farmer, worker, manufacturer, lawyer or doctor—will soon be an economic slave pulling an oar in the galley of state.” It marked a real break—and a final one—between Mr. Byrnes, who had been member of the House. Senator, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, assistant President and mobilizer in the Roosevelt admini stration and Secretary of State in that of President Truman, and the Truman Fair Deal program. When Mr. Byrnes announced he in tended to run for governor of South Carolina early this year, President Tru man was asked for comment at a press conference. The President’s only com ment was that Mr. Byrnes was a free ageist and could do as he damned pleaded. The bitter break between the two men who had once been friends has been sensationally emphasized by Mr. Daniels’ book. The President has declined all comment on the book and its contents —but he has not denied any of the remarks about Mr. Byrnes attributed to him by Mr. Daniels. To Mr. Byrnes the slur that he was a “miserable fail ure , coming from a man occupying the presit'ency of the United States—par ticularly after Mr. Byrnes’ long service in important offices—is naturally a harsh and bitter draught. Questions and Answers The Star's readers can get the answer to any question of fact by either writing The Evening Star information Bureau. 1200 1 street N.W. Washington 6. D. C.. and Inclosing 3 cents return postage, or by telephoning ST. SOOO. Extension 3 >8. By THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. Please name some of the most popular extracurricular activities in American schools.—A. H. A. Debating, athletics, drama, school journalism, photography, glee clubs, and bands are some of these activities. Q. Is it possible lor a criminal com pletely to cover up a crime because of wearing gloves?—R. L. W. A. It is true that while the use of gloves partly protects the criminal against leaving fingerprints, it is often possible to identify a gloved fingerprint. —G. T. On Airy Seas Blue morning-glory sailboats dance And sparkle in the early breeze. Eager to ride the bright expanse Of airy, unknown summer seas. But when at noon the wind-waves fail And. sunlight burns the leafy shore. The little fleet with crumpled sail Anchors outside the kitchen door. INEZ BARCLAY KIRBY.