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* . . -- _ * " ■■ ■ ..■■■ I, | A 04-1. V_ XT. a Home Delivery The. Evening and Sunday Star is delivered by carrier to all subscribers at $1.50 per month. Night Final Edition 10 cents additional. Telephone ST. 5000. An Associated Press Newspaper »oin i ear. i\o. zi4t. WASHINGTON, D. C., OCTOBER 1, 1950-166 PAGES ★ ssness. ten cents. Elsewhere 15 CENTS MacArthur Demands Reds Yield; South Korea Reported Invading; U.N. Urged to Bar Foe's Refuge' - A Communist Chief Says China Will Help Neighbors By Reiman Morin Associated Press Foreign Correspondent TOKYO, Sunday, Oct. 1.—Gen. MacArthur demanded today that the defeated North Korean Red army surrender unconditionally— or face destruction by United Na tions forces now at the 38th par allel. Unconfirmed reports reached United States 8th Army head Trumon Let 'Cot Out of Bog' Thursday About Surrender Call. Pages A-5' Liberated Americans Tell of Being Tricked Into Red Propaganda. Page A-4 Red 'Underground' Feared Developing as Soldiers Vanish. Page A-22 quarters that South Korean troops on the east coast already have, plunged one-fourth of a mile in- 1 to North Korea. Prom Communist China, the Peiping radio broadcast charges by the Red premier that the j United States is the aggressor in the Par East and warned that the [ Chinese Reds will not “supinely tolerate seeing their neighbors being savagely invaded by im perialists.” The bristling statement of Pre mier Chou En-lai expressed be lief the North Korean Reds ulti mately would win. Addressed to Red Chief. Gen. MacArthur’s statement was addressed to the Korean Red com mander, Kim H Sung. Beginning at noon (10 P. M.' E.S.T., Saturday), powerful Tokyo transmitters began hourly broad casts of Gen. MacArthur’s warn ing that “complete destruction of your armed forces and war-mak ing potential is inevitable.” I, He called on the North Koreans i to sin-render "in whatever part of 1 Korea situated” under “such mili tary supervision as I may direct.” ' He made no reference to the j possibility of crossing the 38ta j Parallel, but his demand that the ; enemy lay down his arms, , whether in North or South Korea, \ seemed to indicate that his forces i would cross the border if neces • ] sary to bring the war to an end The statement also demanded ! that the Reds immediately free ! all United Nations prisoners of 1 war and civilian internees. The last casualty report issued by the Defense Department in Wash-1: ington listed 3.959 American sol-! diers as missing through Septem ber 22. 3rd Division Named. The unofficial report that South Korean troops have crossed the ; border specified the republic's 3rd Division which reached the 38tii Parallel at the town of Ingu Fri day night. At an airbase in Southern Japan, United States Air Force sources said they heard reports the South Korean 17th regiment had crossed the 38th. Associated Press Correspondent Max Desfor at the air base said this report: could not be confirmed and added the Air Force sources . did not know where this reported crossing was made. The 17th regiment is the best known unit of the South Korean Army. A crack outfit, it won fame in thfe early days of the war as a “fire brigade” which was moved around the old Pusan perimeter to bolster the defense line when (See KOREA, Page A-4.> Pilot Dies in Crash; Sportswriter and Broadcaster Hurt By the Associated Press COLUMBUS, Ohio, Sept. 30.— Joe Williams. New York World Telegram and Sun sports writer, and Jaul Jonas, Mutual network broadcaster, were injured tonight, in a plane crash in which the pilot was killed. The plane was owned by Johnj W. Galbreath, president of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Williams was reported to have suffered head and spinal injuries. Jonas was treated in the hospital emergency room for cuts and bruises about the face and body. Killed was Roger Shook, private Pilot for Mr. Galbreath. Mr. Wil liams and Mr. Jonas were here for the Southern Methodist - Ohio State football game, and were taking off for New York from Mr. Galbreath’s private airport west of Columbus. Mr. Galbreath was ' not on the plane. Lester Scott, 47. of Forest Hills, N. Y., Madison Square Garden’s basketball publicity man, also in the plane, was uninjured Mr Scott said the plane had taken off when the ship sideslipped landed on its nose and caught fire. He said he and Mr. Wiiiiatns 58, and Mr. Jonas, 52, escaped through the emergency door but that “the pilot never had a chance." k l Text of Mac Arthur Demand Broadcast Calls on North Koreans To Surrender to Avoid Destruction Following is the text of Gen. MacArthur’s broadcast demand for the North Koreans to surrender: To the commander-in-chief, North Korean forces: The early and total defeat and complete destruction of your armed forces and war making potential is now inevitable. In order that the decisions of the United Nations may be carried out with a minimum of further loss of life and destruc tion of property, I, as the United Nations commander-in-chief, call upon you and the forces under your command, in whatever part of Korea situated, forthwith to lay down your arms and cease hostilities under such military supervision as I may direct and I call upon you at once to liberate all United Nations pris oners of war and civilian internees under your control and to make adequate provision for their protection, care, maintenance and immediate transportation to such places as I indicate. North Korean forces, including prisoners of war in the hands of the United Nations command, will continue to be given the care dictated by civilized custom and practice and permited to return to their homes as soon as practicable. I shall anticipate your early decision upon this opportunity to avoid the further useless shedding of blood and destruction of property. DOUGLAS MacARTHUR. Canada Frees Dollar From Devalued Peg; Fixed Parity Delayed Exchange Rate Will Be Determined by Demand, Finance Chief Says By tha Associated Press OTTOWA, Sept. 30. — Canada, with her gold and American dol lar reserves at an all-time high, I today freed the Canadian dollar from the devalued peg on which she fixed it a year ago. The move, anounced here by Finance Minister Douglas Abbott, came after last night’s temporary suspension of all foreign exchange dealings in this country. There had been speculation that this would mean closing the 9-cent gap between the Canadian and American dollars. Instead, Mr. Ab- r, bott said: “It has been decided not to - establish any new fixed parity for1; the Canadian dollar at this time, nor to prescribe any new official fixed rates of exchange. “Instead, rates of exchange will be determined by conditions of supply and demand for foreign currencies in Canada.” Figure Expected To Rise. Prior to Mr. Abbott’s announce- j ment, the Canadian dollar was worth about 91 cents in terms of the American dollar. When for-; eign exchange dealings are re-; sumed next week, this figure like ly will rise, probably continuing to the point at which both dol- j lars are of equal value. After that Canada’s dollar may taper off slightly. Big factors in favor of a rise of the Canadian dollar to virtual equality with American currency now that the peg has been re- j moved include the size of Canada’s i reserves and increased demands in the United States for Canadian products in connection with the defense program. In Washington, official Ameri can sources pointed out that to whatever extent the Canadian cur rency rises above present levels, the cost of Canadian goods to the United States will rise. However, they emphasized there is no sus ! picion under present circum stances that Canada is trying to take advantage of the United States defense effort. Gold Bonus to be Boosted. While not mentioned by Mr. Abbott, the possible indirect effect j which Canadian-American parity j might have on Canadian foreign | exchange in dealings with other countries may have been another (See CANADA, Page A-6.> , U. S. Alien Visa Rules Tightened, Including Curbs on U. N. Aides All Diplomatic Offices Abroad Will Enforce Provisions of New Law By Garnett D. Horner New visa regulations narrowing the doorway of America to sub versive aliens and supporters of foreign “isms”—Nazis and Fas cists as well as Communists—have been prepared by the State De partment. One •of the most significant ef fects of the new rules is to tighten restrictions against foreign spies and saboteurs entering this coun try under cover of work in con nection with the United Nations. The State Department instruc tions for its visa-issuing officials are expected to go out this week: to American diplomatic and con sular offices all over the world. They will put into effect those provisions of the anti-subversive law passed by Congress over President Truman’s veto a week) ago which were designed to close! legal loopholes through which subversive foreigners might get into the United States. Rules Extremely Complex. Only ambassadors, ministers and career diplomatic and consu lar officers of recognized foreign governments who are acceptable to- the President, and the members of their immediate families, are exempt from all the new restric tions. The rules are extremely com plex, with varying exemptions for other types of foreign officials. They were drafted by the State Department's Visa Division in light of all the “legislative history” as well as the exact wording of the controversial subversives control i law. One effect ©f the present inter pretation is that restrictions in the law against admission to the United States of members of any “totalitarian party” will not be applied to supporters of the Franco regime in Spain, the Peron government in Argentina or the Trujillo government in the Do minican Republic—all considered dictatorships by some Americans. Ban on Reds Is Not New. The State Department inter pretation, drawn from statements of the law’s sponsors, is that Con gress intended the “totalitarian party” restrictions to apply, for the time being at least, only to Communists, Nazis and Fascists. In practice, the ban against (See VISAS, Page A-5.) Truman Gives Medal of Honor To Missing Maj. Gen. Dean By the Associated Press By President Truman's personal! i order the Congressional Medal of Honor was awarded yesterday to Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, miss ing in action in Korea. It was the first Medal of Honor awarded in the Korean conflict. In citing the former command ing general of the 24th Infantry Division for “conspicuous gallant ry and intrepidity above and be yond the call of duty,” the Presi dent also took occasion to ac knowledge the debt of gratitude owed to the mud-smeared, un shaven foot-sloggers of the ground forces. In a statement accompanying the citation, Mr. Truman said: “Once again in our history, de spite all the wonders of modern science and the massive weight of the world’s industrial production, victory has been gained because of the man standing on the ground, sleeping in the mud and fighting face-to-face with a ruth less and determined foe who would n°t give up. ...” The specific acts for which the mUssing general was awarded the I a (Nation’s highest military uicoia jtion occurred on July 20 and 21, immediately before the fall of Taejon to the North Korean Com munists. The President’s citation said that Gen. Dean, as commander of troops untried in combat, re peatedly risked his life as an ex ample to his men. It recounted: “He personally and alone attacked an enemy tank while armed only with a hand grenade. He also directed the fire of his own tanks from an ex posed position with neither cover nor concealment while under ob served artillery and small arms fhe. “When the town of Taejon was finally overrun, he refused to in sure his own safety by leaving with the leading elements but re mained behind organizing his re treating forces, directing strag glers, and was last seen assisting the wounded to a place of safety.” While Gen. Dean has been listed as missing since July 21, there have been recent unconfirmed re ports that he may be imprisoned in North Korea. A U. S. Calls for Barrier to Any New Aggression By »H« Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, Sept. 30.— American Delegate Warren R. Austin pleaded with the United Nations today not to permit North Korean aggressor forces to take refuge behind the 38th parallel. He spoke before the General Assembly's Polii^al Committee several hours after delegates over rode a Soviet bloc filibuster which threw the committee into a shout ing, table-pounding chaos ended only by an unprecedented flve minute adjournment. With United Nations forces at the 38th Parallel which has sep arated the Soviet - dominated North Korea from the U. N.-spon sored Republic of Korea in the south, Mr. Austin declared oppor tunities for new acts of aggres sion should be removed. “The aggressor’s forces should not be permitted to have refuge behind an imaginary line because ! that would re-create the threat to the peace of Korea and of the world." Mr. Austin said. “The political aspect of the problem identified with the 38th Parallel becomes a matter of major con cern for the United Nations. The question of whether this artificial barrier shall remain removed, and whether the country shall be united now must be determined by the United Nations.” Korean Plans Expedited. Fast-moving decisions today in the U. N. relating to Korea and the Far East were: 1. The Political Committee, shoved Korean peace and unity plans ahead of all other business by a 46-to-0 vote. It defeated, 46 to 6, a Soviet move to invite North Koreans as well as South Koreans to the debate and ap proved 50 to 5 a Nationalist China proposal for only the South Ko reans to take part in the discus sions here. 2. The Security Council rejected a Russian demand that it call on the United States to stop air at tacks in Korea. The vote was 9 to 1 with Yugoslavia abstaining.1 The committee adjourned at 5:55 p.m. until 10:45 a.m. Monday with the Soviet bloc still to be heard from in the general dis cussion. Kenneth Younger, British min ister of state and chief delegate, opened the main Korean debate with a demand for a unified, in dependent and democratic all Korean government set up under the watch-care of a reorganized and more powerful U. N. Korean Commission. He said U. N. forces would not remain in Korea a day longer than necessary to achieve the aim of restoring international peace and security in that area. Authority Held Given. Foreign Secretary Carlos P. Romulo, the Philippines, backed Mr. Younger’s stand. On the point of permission for the U. N. forces to cross the 38th Parallel in pur suit of the fleeing North Koreans, Gen. Romulo said he believed the Security Council already had given sufficient authority. Gen. Romulo, Mr. Younger and delegates of Australia, Brazil, Cuba the Netherlands, Norway and Pakistan are sponsoring a res olution embodying Mr. Younger’s objectives. Even before the debate began. | Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky indicated the Russian bloc feels an^ settlement will be made harder because the North Koreans were not invited to the ; (Continued on Page A-7, Col. 3.1 -_____ Hull to Be 79 Tomorrow; Plans Quiet Celebration Former Secretary of State Cor dell Hull will be 79 years old tomorrow. He planned to spend the birth day quietly in his Wardman Park Hotel apartment. Mr. Hull resigned as Secretary of State six years ago in a state of exhaustion that kept him in Bethesda Naval Hospital for many months. He is in greatly improved health now. 100,000 Recruits to Be Sought 12,C- 0 Autos Tied Up For Civil Defense Setup Here By Traffic on Routes District Planning To Take Volunteers In Small Groups By Miriam Ottenberg More than 100,000 volunteers eventually will have to be recruited to staff Washington’s civil de fense forces, District officials esti mated last night. The District, however, is not going to rush into recruiting. Vol unteers will be enlisted in small enough groups to be trained or, in the case of professional people, as fast as plans are made to use them. So far only the Police Depart ment has started recruiting. The warden service is expected to be next on the list, followed by the I (See VOLUNTEERS, Page A-6.) States Aren't Waiting For Congress to Get Programs Underway By Howard W. Blakeslee Associated Press Science Editor NEW YORK, Sept. 30.—An As sociated Press roundup shows most of the United States already started on setting up civilian atom bomb defenses. ! Thirty-nine States report action, j This is a major change since a year ago when a similar Associ ated Press survey showed only four ! cities holding discussions. It is a still greater change from the ! attitude “there is no defense" which became popular soon after the first bombs. j The roundup shows a wide spread revival of thp spirit of civic (Continued on Page A-6, Col. 5.) Reputed Mafia Leader Accused of Perjury Before Senate Probers Kefauver to Recommend Indictment and Trial of DiGiovanni on Charge By th« Associated Press KANSAS CITY, Sept. 30.—Joe DiGiovanni. one of the reputed leaders of the Mafia in Kansas City, today was accused of giving i perjured testimony before the Senate Crime Investigating Com mittee. Chairman Kefauver told the witness he would recommend to | the United States district attorney that he be indicted and tried on such a charge. The committee chairman as sailed testimony given by the al leged secret Sicilian society leader j and wholesale liqubr dealer before ! the committee last July and again last night at an open hearing. Says He Can’t Remember. Frequently DiGiovanni answered questions by saying: “I don’t remember.” DiGiovanni denied he had ever been arrested for sending black hand extortion notes, for murder and for kidnaping. Today, however, he admitted he had been arrested on those charges. i Questioning of DiGiovanni com pleted the Crime Committee’s open hearings here and the Senate group prepared to move on to Chicago where interest in the in vestigation was heightened by the assassinations last Monday night of William Drury, 48, former police lieutentant, and Marvin Bas, 45, an attorney. The Chicago hearings are due to start Thursday. The slayings have not been | (See CRIME, Page A-3.) Vern Hansen, Popular As Radio Personality, Is Found Hanged WTOP Figure Had Been Under Physician's Care, Police Officials Report Vein Hansen, 39, master of ceremonies for Station WTOP’s “You’re the Top” and a widely known radio personality, was found hanged in his apartment, j VERN HANSEN, 1720 Queens lane, Arlington, yes terday afternoon. His body, with a, Venetian blipd cord looped over a pipe and knotted around his neck, was found in the bathroom by his wife. The Clarendon rescue squad tried for 15 minutes to revive him (See HANSEN, Page A-4.) Coming This Week in The Star FOR SPORT FANS—Beginning Wednesday complete coverage by The Star of the 1950 World Series by Sports Columnist Francis Stann, Baseball Writer Burton Hawkins and Sports Editor Charles M. Egan. Also action-packed pictures and features from the Associated Press. THE POLITICAL MILL—Gould Lincoln, The Star's political writer, leaves Wednesday on a Coast-to-Coast tour to report on important congressional and gubernatorial political battles in 15 crucial States. His articles will start appearing the end of the week. KNOW YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD—Another in the weekly series of articles on important Washington community areas by George Kennedy appears to morrow. "Kolorama" will be feotured. "MURDER IN HER HEART"—Another exciting mystery serial begins with the first of six daily installments tomorrow. Milton K. Oxaki is the author of "Murder in Her Heart" which relates how Detective Amos Ames helps a young woman bent on murdering a New York underworld character. MORE NEWS IN THE STAR—Every day The Star publishes more local, national and world news than any other Washington newspaper. For your best reading every day of the week subscribe to Washington's No. 1 newspaper—THE STAR. Evening and Sunday $1.50 per month (10 cents additional for night final edition). Phone Sterling 5000 now for efficient home delivery. A * To U. of Md. Stadium Jam Called One of Worst In Area History, Police Say Plan Is Sound The opening of the University of Maryland's new stadium yes terday resulted in one of the worst | traffic jams ever seen in the1 Washington area. With more than 43,000 persons packing the stadium to see Mary-1 _ I Picture of Congestion on University Lone Before Morylond-Novy Gome. Poge A-21 land beat Navy, motorists using University lane between Silver Spring and College Park took nearly two hours to make a trip which normally would have re quired 20 minutes. Although police admitted it was the worst tie-up in the commu nity's history, they contended it was due to the record influx of cars rather than to any defects in their traffic plan for the uni versity. They added they had received no complaints from motorists and were contemplating no major changes in the system Was Preferred Route. j University officials had recom mended University lane as a pre ferred route. As a result. Balti more boulevard, which runs along the front of the campus, was com paratively clear before the game But when the estimated 12,000 automobiles which had been tun neled onto the university grounds started leaving shortly after 4:30 p.m., it was jammed as badly as University lane. Coming or going, the story was the £ame for those motorists who; followed the university’s recom mendation to use University lane. It was one of congestion and de lay, of stalled cars and of moving at the rate of about a mile an hour. Cars were packed bumper to bumper along the road from New Hampshire avenue to the Sta dium, a distance of about 4 miles, and along a 2-mile stretch of Colesville road between Univer sity lane and Queens Chapel road. Many Parked Cars to Walk. Many motorists parked their cars near the Colesville road University lane intersection and walked the 1 % miles to the sta dium. Others complained they hadn’t seen a policeman on Uni versity lane between Silver Spring and College Park. State police claimed, however, that several of the 35 members of the State police force directing traffic in the area were assigned to University lane. Also helping out were 10 Prince Georges (See TRAFFIC, Page A-5.) Maryland Defeats Navy, 35-21, Dodgers Beat Phillies, 7-3 Maryland’s rebounding football team crashed back into the na tional spotlight yesterday while the Brooklyn Dodgers continued to dominate the baseball scene. The Terrapins walloped Navy, 35 to 21, at College Park before 43,836 • fans who turned out to watch the Terps dedicate their new stadium. Brooklyn’s 7-to-3 victory over the Phillies prolonged the Na tional League baseball pennant race and gave the Dodgers a chance to tie the staggering lead ers for the flag if they beat them again today in the final game of the regular schedule. Georgetown's gridmen were not as fortunate as Maryland, bowing to Penn State, 34 to 14. Virginia, after leading 7-0 at the half, faded and lost to Penn, 21 to 7. Notre Dame needed a touch down in the last 2\/2 minutes to A beat North Carolina's stubborn j Tar Heels, 14-7, running its un beaten streak to 39 games. Army’s long runs defeated Colgate, 28-0, marking the Cadets’ 21st game without defeat. Oklahoma won its 22d game in a row with an easy 28-to-0 victory over Boston College. Souther]} Methodist came from behind to whip Ohio State’s Rose Bowl champions, 32 to 27, and 'Michigan State upset Michigan, 14 to 7, before 97,239 fans, the day’s largest crowd. Texas out lasted Purdue in a touchdown marathon, 34-26. In racing, George D. Widener’s Battlefield won the rich futurity at Belmont Park, while The Pinch er scored in the Rowe Memorial Handicap, inaugural feature at Bowie. (Details in Sports Section.) D. C. Revenue Next Year Put At $132 Million Fowler's Estimate Is Record; Budget of $154 Million Asked With pending departmental budget requests totaling more than $154 million, Budget Officer Walter L. Fowler last night put the District’s revenue expectation for the year beginning next July 1 at a record $132.5 million. The estimated revenue for this year is $131.3 million. Next year’s revenue estimate in cludes an $8 million carryover Table Showing District Budget Requests. Poge A-7 from this fiscal year, $3.9 million to be borrowed from the Treasury for the water system expansion program, and $1.2 million which Congress cut from the Federal payment to the District this fis cal year. Already eliminated from Dis trict department heads’ budget requests for the new fiscal year— now totaling $154,079,326 — is $521,000 which had been included | in the Police Department’s esti mate for civil defense activities. No Civilian Defense Items. Mr. Fowler said that no civilian defense items will be considered ! in the department estimates at : present. Possibly, all civilian de fense needs will be lumped into a separate budget, but at any rata they will be considered at a later jdate. The 1952 revenue estimate in cludes an anticipated $12 million in the Highway Fund and $9.5 mil lion in the Water Fund, including $1 million Federal contribution and $3.9 to be borrowed. This year Congress cut the $12 million annual Federal payment to the District down to $10.8 mil lion. In estimating next year’s revenue, budget officials are an ticipating a full $12 million. Want To Maintain Surplus. The more than $21 million dif ference between what the depart ment heads would like to spend and what the District probably j will have to spend is only partially I indicative of how much paring i down the Commissioners w.11 do Ion the department estimates. Budget officials insist that a surplus should be maintained to | take care of any emergency de j mand which may come up. By the time mandatory pay in ! creases, the school construction and equipment program, the 40 hour-week for policemen and | other obligations are taken care of, there may be a couple of mil jlioa dollars to spare for improve | ment of service, they say. Congress has appropriated a to tal of $120,023,481 for this fiscal j year. This year's revenue includes a $10 million surplus from fiscal 1950, and the first full year’s re cepits from the new tax act. The | new taxes have exceeded expecta ; tions considerably. The 2 per cent sales tax is yielding some $13.5 million annually, as compared with expectations of $1 million a month, and the cigarette tax, $1.3 million where $800,000 had beep anticipated originally. $41,061,251 for Improvements. In their 1952 estimates, District department heads are seeking $41,061,251 for improvements to the city, and 1,615 new jobs which would cost $4,576,740. A total of $9,442,400 is proposed for expenditure on building, equip ; ping, improving and planning schools and acquiring school and playground sites. The Water Division and the Washington Aqueduct plan to spend $5,936,000 for expansion of , the water facilities, and the^High way Department proposes a capi tal outlay of $7,050,000. Other capital outlay requests include the following: Public Library. $879,220: Recre ation Department, $2,121,227: Fire | Department, $526,000; Health De jpartment and Hospitals, $2,364, i 233: Department of Corrections, $423,000; Public Welfare, $4,322, 1000; and Public Works, $6,997,171, including $4,806,146 for the Sewer Division. Departments asking the most new jobs are Health and Hospi tals, 674, including 395 for Gallin ger; the Police. 322; Schools, 225; Recreation, 79, and Public Wel fare. 78. Truman Boards Yacht For 8-Day Vacation By the Associated Press President Truman boarded the yacht Williamsburg yesterday for an eight-day rest cruise. It is his first vacation of such length since the Korean crisis de veloped in late June. The President and his party of staff members will sail in Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay waters on indefinite schedule. No land ings are planned and the partv is due back here next Saturday. Before boarding the yacht at the Naval Gun Factory in time for lunch, Mr. Truman signed 21 measures and vetoed two others. Technically, action on the latter two constituted pocket vetoes be cause Congress has adjourned. But Mr. Truman put his position, in writing on both. The President will be kept in formed of late developments abroad through special hourly news summaries prepared by the Department of Defense.