Newspaper Page Text
U. S. Detains 95 Aliens!
Under Anti-Red Law; Italy, Germany Protest By Hie Associated Press NEW YORK, Oct. 11.—The Fed eral Government seized 95 incom ing foreigners yesterday in a sweeping application of the new Internal Security Act that brought quick official protests from Italy; and Western Germany. In addition to the 95 sent to Ellis Island for investigation, al most the entire crews of the ships they came on—the Italian liners Vulcania and Italia—were ordered confined to their vessels by immi gration authorities. The moves were taken under part of the new law that bans entry—at the discretion of the Attorney General—to past and present members of Communist! and other ^ totalitarian groups. Ferguson Levels Charges. Senator Ferguson, Republican, of Michigan one of the law’s au thors, has accused the Truman administration of trying to sabo tage the measure by making it appear it would work undue hard ship. A protest came yesterday from the Home Line, operator of the Italia, which defended its seamen. “The Communists themselves could not have devised a more effective and potent instrument for propaganda among a people (the Italians' whose friendship we profess to seek,” the company said. “It is regrettable and mystifying to find that the first calculated and concerted action taken under the recently enacted anti-Com munist law should be directed against persons who are conced edly not in any way affiliated with or supporters of the Communist party. “The seamen are unwelcome, but the highest officials of the very governments that represent a real threat to our way of life are freely admitted to this country.”. Ambassador Objects. The Italian Ambassador in Washington, Alberto Tarchiani, objected likewise in a strong note to the State Department. He said the move violates the new United States-Italian treaty of friend ship and commerce. The Bonn Government of West ern Germany also protested through Consul General Heinz Krekeler, who said the action was providing Communists with dang erous ammunition against the United States. The detentions followed the pattern set in the first case last Friday when Friedrich Gulda, 20- j year-old Austrian concert pianist, was detained three days and or dered to leave after he makes one appearance, because he joined the Hitler Youth movement as a boy of 10. The grounds for detaining the seamen ftas that most had be longed to a former Fascist-dom inated maritime union. Detained To Be Questioned. Edward J. Shaughnessy, the district Director of Immigration, said the 95 will be questioned and reports sent to the Commissioner of Immigration in Washington for final action. During the Gulda detention, the §tate Department, in answer to an Austrian protest, said rules would be worked out shortly to handle such situations on a rou tine basis. Ferguson said the Attorney Gen eral has the power to admit such aliens if he considers them harm less. He accused the administra tion, which opposed the bill, of failing to use this discretionary power. Another alien, Czeslaw' Grzelak, vice president of the Gdynia America Line, left the United States today under an immigra tion service deportation order. He had been free on bail since De cember, and left on his line’s own ship, the M. S. Batory. Grzelak was accused of belonging to an organization that advocated vio lent overthrow of the Government.1 (Continued From First Page.) \ large enough to threaten domina tion. 8. An American commander or chief of staff or both. tThe names of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Lt. Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, now chief of staff to the United GIRL SCOUT OFFICERS IN THIS AREA—Pittsburgh.—Mrs. J. H. Lavenstein (second from right) of Petersburg, Va., the newly elected chairman of Region 3 of the Girl Scouts of America, poses with three other newly elected officers at the region’s 24th conference. They are (left to right): Mrs. E. Marshall Griffiths of Johnstown, Pa., second vice president; Margaret Sutton of New Brighton, Pa., secretary; Mrs. Lavenstein, and Mrs. Paul Porter of Washington, first vice presi dent. Region 3 includes Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and Washington. . —AP Wirephoto. States Joint Chiefs of Staff, are being mentioned.) 9. A single language for com mands—English. All of these points are being fa vorably considered as conditions to French acceptance of a prin ciple that is almost universally re garded as inevitable. The most anti-German and politically powerful member of the cabinet, Defense Minister Jules Moch, is expected to carry most or all of them to Washington when he goes to the crucial meeting of Defense Ministers October 29. Schuman Plan Accepted. By then it is expected that the historic Schuman plan, drafted by No. 1 French economic statesman Jean Monnet and accepted by nearly everyone (except the French, German, British and American steel industries) as the stroke of genius needed to trans form the role of Germany on the continent, will have been formally ratified. Without the Schuman plan, the German warmaking po tential might shortly exceed France’s, making any acceptance; by France “impossible.” By then the French Parliament' will have met, parliamentary re action will have had a chance to add to or alter the French formula, the urgency of having an adequate force to counter Russia will have been widely discussed. This reporter has checked per sonally and can report categori cally that all of the French condi tions listed above are acceptable to the German government of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer. Dr. Adenauer would balk, however, at a scheme spliting up German con tingents to below the division level, or anything else inviting the Germans on anything less than a j basis of full partnership. The fear of resurgent Germany, j however, is still strong in France. ' Many Frenchmen still fear the Germans more than the Russians.: This question of how the Allies can tap the greatest source of anti-Communist military man power in Europe without creating a Frankenstein’s monster of their old enemy is the most important facing the North Atlantic powers today. Force Short of Men. American top insiders point out that even including an as yet un determined number of German divisions, the force to be raised is still far short, even on paper, of the strength needed to stop the Red Army at the Elbe, or even the Rhine. Unless German divisions are formed, United States spokesmen say, there is simply nowhere to And the necessary troops unless the Europeans come up w'ith forces far in excess of anything they have offered so far. This they will have to do anyway, to reach the goal set for an adequate defense, even with German divisions included, unless the United States were to assume almost the whole load of defending the free continent, which is not going to happen. American military men point out that if the Soviets are not to sweep forward to quick victory, the Aghting would be in Germany. To pass up a big force of men whose fighting ability is proved— and have instead all around the Allied Army a sullen nation play ing both sides in the hope of joining the winner—does not make sense to them. Americans, of Course, are not proposing to recreate the German General Staff or a German Army as such. They want German di visions operating in a European Army under United States com mand. But French concern is not hard to understand in a nation invaded and devasted three times by Ger mans in 70 years. It was summed up this way by a leading French official: “German division? For every German division in our line we would have to put two or ttiree American divisions behind it in case it turned around to fight on the other side. A German with a gun in his hand simply can’t be trusted.” Frenchmen of this viewpoint think the ultimate danger to the free world lies in an alliance be tween a rearmed Germany and Soviet Russia. Neither side gagged at such a alliance in the Rib bentrop-Molotov pact just before the rape of Poland, they point out, and "it might happen again.” Moch Is Key Man. The key man in this picture is Defense Minister Moch. For eign Minister Schuman was re ported ready to agree to approxi mately the United States propo sition in New York but Moch, leading Socialist, who could throw' the French cabinet out of office by withdrawing his support, said absoultely no. , Later Moch was called to New York to talk with Secretary of Defense Marshall, Britisher Shin well and the foreign ministers. Word then flashed around the in side grapevine here that the French had accepted German participation in the defense of the West ‘‘in principle.” Moch asked that the crucial meeting of defense ministers, scheduled in Washington October 16 be de layed a fortnight. But Moch’s idea of ‘‘German participation” and the idea of other conferees is quite different. If he is now ready to go along with the creation of German units even approaching division size, it will be startling news to those who have talked with him most recently. Refusal of France to agree to this could blow up the whole movement, since the Ger mans say they w'on’t accept any less and American military men, considering language difficulties, different food tests and so on. doubt that smaller units would be practical. Moch not alone believes that French public opinion and the majority of Parlement is firmly set against assenting to German units that ever could fight France. He also is convinced that such a decision now under pressure might mean the final ruin of a nation of 40 million that lost 1,350,000 killed in World War I alone and cannot afford to be bled a third time. Moch’s associates point out that the French and their allies have been at odds before on German policy, and that France, while acquiring a reputation for being “difficult,” has prevented Allied blunders. For example, it was a French veto that stopped the rush to turn the Ruhr back to the Ger mans without adequate controls. Militarist Tradition. Moch & Co. say that German divisions would mean the return of the old militarist tradition to command them. They point out that in case of war the Allies will be co-operating with the under ground in satellite nations. Can you imagine, they ask, people en slaved in the aftermath of a war the Germans started, trusting German “liberators?” ine core oi tneir objection, however, is that Moch and his associates do not believe the Ger man divisions could be counted on. If the Allies started out win ning from the first (as they never have, even against the North Ko reans! and kept on winning, they say the Germans would be invalu able troops. But if the Russian army started to sweep forward, these Frenchmen feel the Ger mans would “turn around” and make a deal, insuring the defeat of the Allies, with the idea of tak ing care of the Russians later. The Moch group wants to merge German manpower in the Euro pean army and have, as so widely reported, accepted this “in princi ple.” But their idea is to use them in jobs, both skilled and un skilled, where they would not be heavily armed—in electronics, sig nal corps work, mine-laying, transportation and other indis pensable but easily controlled as signments. At least one very prominent French leader wants the principle of internationalism applied all through the army. He would have no national units, with French, Germans, English, Italians and others all fighting side by side in the same units. “That would be a real European army,” he said, “and it would end the fear of Germany forever.” Military men, however, take a dim view of this. They say it would not work. From this background is now emerging the new' “French form ula” of the Pleven government exclusively reported here. The presumption is that German di visions would be accepted. But Moch is a man of great force and determination. It was he who broke the Communist general strikes in 1947. FUEL OIL offers YOU . . . A Complete Fuel Oil Heating Service • The Highest Quality Fuel Oil • Weather Controlled Deliveries • Service on All Burners • Meter Printed Delivery Tickets • Large Bulk Plants Assure Prompt Delivery SALES and SERVICE THE AMAZING NEW M00El with the Seoled Thrift Unit Tbe is a 816 difference in Oil Burners We Invite Comparison Write or Call Now Colonial Fuel Oil 1709 De Sales St. N.W. ME. 1810 You have read "Your funds with us are insured to $10,000 by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corp., a perma nent agency of the United States Government." but you may have several accounls l By using a joint account a man and wife or any two per sons may invest a total of $30,000 and be fully covered under our insurance of ac counts. Each person in his own name holds a $10,000 account and the third $10,000 account is issued as a joint account. Open yours today! Columbia Federal Savings \ AND LOAN ASSOCIATION 730 Eleventh Street N.W., REpublic 7111 HOURS: 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Monday thru Thursday. I 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Friday MEMBER: Federal Savings and Loan \ Insurance Corporation I _1 National Symphony to Give 12 Concerts for Children Twelve concerts for children— seven of them free—are being planned by the National Sym phony Orchestra this season. The seven free programs will be presented in school audito riums under sponsorship of busi ness firms. They will be attended by groups from public, parochial and private schools. In addition, three concerts will be played in Constitution Hall. Series tickets ranging in price from 99 cents to $3.24 are avail able at the symphony box office, 1330 G street N.W., and National Symphony headquarters, 1727 K street N.W. The orchestra and Washington School of Ballet will combine forces to present “Hansel and Gretel” during the Christmas holidays, and “Cinderella” at Easter. Ballet Late Comers Object to Lockout, Force Entrance By the Associated Press ATLANTA, Oct. 11.—Maybe you are the one that is out of step if you don’t care for ballet. About 200 late comers to a ballet performance at the city audito rium found the door had been locked last night at the first strains of the introductory music. They were told they would have to wait about 40 minutes before they could be seated during an intermission. After 50 minutes tempers rose and a flying wedge of 10 ticket holders hit the door. The doorman and Bill Minor, the auditorium’s assistant mana ger, were sent sprawling amid voices raised to protesting levels. Dancers kept on with their pirouettes without batting an eye or stubbing a toe. 10,000 Jailed in Shanghai, Arrival in Formosa Says By the Associated Press TAIPEI, Oct. 11.—Newspapers today quoted an unidentified ar rival from Shanghai as saying 10, 000 persons had been arrested there by Chinese Communists since September 15. The traveler said Shanghai’s famous Ward Road jail—one of the largest in the world—was jammed with 4,000 prisoners. After the triumph of United Nations arms in Korea, the trav eler said, anti-Communists in Shanghai took heart. He said the wholesale arrests followed. Locked up were former Shanghai members of the municipal govern ment, members of the families of Nationalist government officials in Formosa, and the heads of hundreds of Chinese family groups. Danes to Teach Turks Heart, Lung Surgery COPENHAGEN.—A party of Danish surgical instructors, led by Prof. Erik Husfeldt, is preparing to go to Turkey to teach doctors there the art of heart and lung surgery. The World Health Or ganization will see that the Turks have the necessary surgical equip ment and Instruments at their disposal so that after the course of instruction they will be able to treat complicated heart and lung cases which until now they have had to give up as incurable. RESORTS. LAKE WORTH, FLA. GULF STREAM HOTEL Lake Worth, Florida Opens November ltith. Closes May Is*. Can accept some reservations for arrival November and December. Write for information and literature BOTH M STORES j OPEN THURSDAY NIGHTS 1319 F Street N.W. 3942 Minnesota Ave. N.E. Open Thurs. Nite 'til 8:30 Open Every Nite 'til 9 Mac Xachlan The Only HAT with the AIR-VAC Comfort fea ture . . . see it at the Y. M. S. Only MacLachlan has the AIR-VAC ... a wonderful feature that lets cooling breezes flow over your head. And that means comfort . . . real comfort. Enjoy the AIR VAC in a wide variety of styles, shapes and colors. $10, $15, $20 14 POINTS | of HAND 1 Tailoring.. 3 ...by GRAMERCY PARK 1ft give You a lot of SUIT 1ft at a fabulously Low Price $55 a$ ^ Imagine ... hand-tailoring at $55! That’s exactly ^ what you get with a GRAMERCY PARK Suit ... careful, precise hand-tailoring at 14 decisive c * c^jj points! This is a real bonus value . . . rare at the low price. This feature makes your suit ^ drape smoother, look smarter, and makes the cflj good looks last longer. This fall . . . look into ^ Gramercy Park. You’ll find a handsome selec ^ tion of all-wool worsteds in nailheads, sharkskins oflj and weaves. You’ll find your size. AndatYMS, ^ you’ll find that Gramercy Park is a grand in ^ vestment in smart looks. Charge Accounts Invited at Both Stores NOW ... TWO GREAT STORES to serve you better! * 8 ^ 39th Year at 1319 F St. N.W. 3942 Minnesota Ave. I\.E. °K afy FREE PARKING for over 500 Cars at Minnesota Ave. Store Bostonian Footsaver . . s17-95 The Formal ... a trim neat footsaver prized by conserva tive men. Brown or black Luxura calf. Featuring the famous Footsaver fit that feels like walking on air. Other Bostonian Shoes .... U4.9S to S20.9S