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Sunny, high 70 today. Clear tonight, low 52 in city, 44 m suburbs. Tomorrow fair, a little warmer. (Full report on Page A-2.) Temperatures Toftay. Midnight, 56 6 a.m. _—47 11 a.m. 60 2 a.m. _—53 8 a.m. —49 Noon_65 4 a.m. 51 9 a.m. -—53 1 p.m. 67 Guide for Readers Pag* Amusements --A-11 Church News A-8-10 Classified ~ A-14-21 Comics -A-22-23 Editorial _A-6 Edit’l Articles _.A-7 Put Lost and Found.A-3 Obituary_A-4 Real Estate..B-l-10 Radio _:._.A-23 Sports_A-12-13 Society _A-7 An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 294. Phone ST. 5000 S ** WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1950—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. Home Delivery. Monthly Rates: Evening and Sunday. $1.50; S PFVTQ Evening only. $1.10; Sunday only. 45e; Night Final. 10c additional. ** ° South Koreans Racing to Border Of Manchuria to Bar Red Escape; French Give Up Big Frontier Area Roadblocks Bar Flight Along Main Highways By the Associated Press SEOUL. Korea, Oct. 21.—Allied troops rammed roadblocks tonight on all the main routes leading to Manchuria from the fallen Red Korean capital of Pyongyang. The war was in the mop-up phase. South Korean 6th Division troops and United States 1st Cav alrymen linked up with American paratroopers who jumped yester day in the Sunchon-Sukchon area 30 miles north of Pyongyang. Sunchon fell last night. There was fighting in the Sukchon area. The situation in the city wras not clear. But Gen. MacArthur'e head quarters said the daring parachute troops of the 11th Airborne Divi sion had sealed off 28,000 Reds. This was nearly half of the esti Red Koreans Transfer Capital to Manchuria Border, Radio Says By th« Associated Press TOKYO, Oct. 21.—A Ko rean Communist broadcast from Sinuiju—on the Man churian border—said today the Reds had established a refugee capital there. The broadcast was neard here at 7 p.m. (5 a.m., EST>. A “standing committee” of the Soviet-sponsored regime has decided to make Sinuiju the Red capital, the broadcast said. It added chat from now on it would be the ‘‘official” voice of Communist Korea. The Yalu River, which forms the border between North Korea and Red China’s Manchuria, flows into the Yellow Sea on the Korean peninsula’s west coast at j Sinuiju. mated 63,000 enemy troops still at large in the Redlands. Drive to Border Begun. With the fall of Pyongyang, the signal was given to South Koreans to drive for the Manchuria bor der. Five Republic of Korea divisions were 80 to 85 miles from the po litically touchy borders of Red China and nearby Soviet terri tory. Their- drive was gaining mo mentum eve’-y hour. Two ROK divisions, the 3d and Capital, were rolling north near the east coast. A United Nations 1st Corps spokesman said the capital in fantrymen sliced 30 miles north east of captured Hamhung today. They were 85 miles from Man churia and almost as close to Sov iet Siberia. In the west, three other ROK divisions were converging on the Sunchon-Sukchon area where American parachute troopers jumped yesterday in a daring ma neuver to cut off Red Korean rem nants north of Pyongyang. Reds Throw Down Arms. The South Korean 6th Division already had linked up with the paratroopers 80 miles south of the Manchuria border. Its position was athwart the two main escape routes to Manchuria. The 5th Air Force said aerial observers had spotted many enemy troops walking south on the Sunchon highway with their hands above their heads. The Reds apaprently had thrown down their arms. The South Koreans were driv ing north in hopes of rescuing American and South Korean prisoners whom the Reds were re <See KOREA, Page A-3.) Hurricane Fizzles Out After Missing Tampa By the Associated Press TAMPA, Fla,, Oct. 21.—A nui sance hurricane which failed to live up to advance billing fizzled out in a Florida wilderness today. The rich Tampa Bay resort area, once threatened with a possible knockout punch, escaped entirely. The Florida Highway Patrol said the storm hit inland just north of Cedar Key, the fishing village devastated by the Labor Day hur ricane. Winds were well below the 75 mile-an-hour minimum for a hur ricane. Appai ently the once threatening blow was breaking up harmlessly in the sparsely in habited section of swamps and woodland some 100 miles north of Tampa. For long hours the storm, rated at 75 to 90 miles an hour, was pointed at Tampa, largest city on the Florida west coast. Then It lost steam and veered north. Meteoroligist W. W. Talbott of the Tampa Weather Bureau said he believed a mass of dry air over this area caused the storm to disintegrate. 4 British Atomic Physicist's Flight Behind Iron Curtain Reported Rome Press Says Scientist Went to Poland; U. S. Writer Tells of Chase as Red Spy By th« Associated Press ROME, Oct. 21.—Rome newspa pers broke out In a rash of scare headlines today, reporting Italian born British atom scientist Bruno Pontecorvo had skipped behind the Iron Curtain. Swedish Airlines officials said he visited Stockholm last month and then flew to Finland. His father in Milan said he doubtless would be back in England on schedule in January. No one yet has been able to contact Pontecorvo, who became a British citizen during the war and worked on atom research proj ects in Canada and England. He came to Italy with his wife and three childrth recently for a va cation. Under their blackest headlines, Rome's leading morning newspa pers said the scientist and his family had departed anywhere from two weeks to a month ago on a Czech Airlines plane bound for Poland. These stories said he left with a Polish passport. Although none of the news papers named the source of their information, it had an official tone. They played up the fact that Pontecorvo had worked in Britain’s Harwell atomic energy research laboratory where Ger man-born Dr. Qlaus Fuchs had been a top official. Fuchs was convicted and jailed on charges of giving atomic secrets to the Russians. Then Swedish Airlines officials here reported that Pontecorvo and his family arrived in Stockholm September 1 and flew on the Hel (See SCIENTIST. Page A-5.) Bid for Peace Talks By Big 5 Approved By U. N. Committee Two Vishinsky Attempts To Gain Recognition for Red China Rebuffed BULLETIN LAKE SUCCESS (£>).—'The United Nations Political Com mittee today unanimously ap proved a resolution calling for big-power peace consultations after rebuffing two attempts by Andrei Y. Vishinsky to gain recognition for the Chinese Communist regime. LAKE SUCCESS. Oct. 21.—Rus sia’s Andrei Y. Vishinsky de manded today that the United Nations Political Committee steer clear of an “ostrich policy’’ and recognize the Communist regime as the government of china. The Soviet Foreign Minister spoke in committee debate on a revised resolution by Iraq and Syria recommending that the per manent members of the Security Council discuss their problems to gether. The United States, France and Britain have indicated their sup port of the resolution, but a clash came today when Mr. Vishinsky called on the committee to list the names of the powers in the resolution and to give China’s place to the Mao Tze-tung gov ernment. The Chinese National ists hold the U. N. seat. Says Reds Represent China. He said the facts are that the Communist regime in China— which he always refers to as the Chinese People’s Republic—repre sents China and should be listed among the great powers. He put an amendment to that effect be fore the committee. “Let’s not be like ants, like birds, or like ostriches, who seeing approaching danger, hide their heads under their wings,” he said. He said an “ostrich policy” is un acceptable and he insisted on naming the members. The Political Committee hoped to vote later today and the Iraq Syriar resolution calling for Big Five peace consultations. Lie Successor Discussed. Meanwhile, the Security Council met behind closed doors for an other round in the battle over who should be secretary-general. India has a compromise pro posal before the Council under which each of the 11 members would put two names in a secret ballot box. The Big Five then would knock out the names of (Continued on Page A-5, Col. 4.) Gobbi edegook Or English, Peanuts Make a Mouthful By the Associated Press ROGATE, England, Oct. 21.— The English language as she is spoke and administrative gobble degook got into politics today. In Britain, unground ground nuts are peanuts and ground groundnuts are peanut butter. This is a simple fact. But not to the government. C. F. H. Gough, a Conservative, quoted the following extract from a government order in a political speech last night: “In the nuts (unground) (other than groundnuts) order, the ex pression ‘nuts’ shall have reference to such nuts, other than ground nuts, as would, but for this amend ing order, not qualify as nuts (un ground ) (other than groundnuts) by reason of their not being nuts (unground).” All clear? Soviet Bloc Opens Parley on Western Plan to Arm Reich Follows Red Warning Against Militarizing Bonn German Areas By th« Associated Pres* PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Oct. 21—Following her sharp warning that she would not tolerate re militarization of Western Ger many, Russia met with her Eu ropean satellites today to discuss that explosive subject. The meeting was called by the Soviet Union, which sent Deputy Prime Minister V. M. Molotov as its spokesman. Mr. Molotov is a former Soviet Foreign Minister. Moscow radio and the official Czechoslovak news agency re ported the eight-nation meeting started yesterday. Deputy Prime Minister Zdenek Fierlinger of Czechoslovakia opened the confer ence and was elected chairman. Mr. Molotov flew In from Mos cow by special plane. Other foreign delegates had already ar rived and met him at Prague’s flag-decorated Razyne airport. There were Foreign Ministers Mincho Neychev of Bulgaria, Zyg munt Modzelewski of Poland, Gyula Kallai of Hungary, Ana Pauker of Romania, George Dert inger of Eastern Germany and V Natanajli, Albanian minister to Moscow. An official announcement in Prague said the ministers would “discuss questions which arose in connection with the decision of the New York conference of the three powers—France, Britain and the United States—September 19 which discussed the remili tarization of Germany.” (The Big Three foreign min isters announced September 19 they had agreed to strengthen Germany economically and de fensively and allow it a “mobile police force,” but there would be no resurrection of a German national army.) Only a few hours before the Prague conference, Russia made public the contents of identical notes sent to the United States, France and Britain, charging that the Western nations were reviving German military might in their zones. Western Charge Rejected. The notes rejected a Western charge that the People's Police of Communist-ruled East Germany actually is a military organization, and warned the Soviet Union would not tolerate revival of “the (See CONFERENCE, Page A-3.) 5 Reported Killed in Clash Of Reds, Uranium Miners By the Associated Press BERLIN, Oct. 21.—The United States High Commission news paper, Neue Zeitung, said today jfive persons were killed in a clash 'between uranium miners and So viet zone police at Johanngeor genstadt, Saxony. The report, unconfirmed by other information sources, said the incident occurred several days ago when the miners, returning home from work in a Russian-operated uranium concession, overloaded a train. The miners refused to obey a station master’s request to get off the roof of the railway cars and police opened fire, the paper said. After several miners had been wounded the miners seized the station master and four policemen and beat them to death, Neue Zeitung said. Langson Fortress Yielded in Move To 'Regroup' By Seymour Topping Associated Pross Foreign Correspondent SAIGON, Indo-China, Oct. 21.— French forces abandoned their frontier headquarters fortress at Langson today, leaving hundreds of square miles of Indo-China territory on the Chinese border wide open to the Communist-led rebels of Ho Chi Minh. Langson, held by the French for 78 years, guarded the main in vasion gateway into Indo-China from Communist China. Its aban donment swings wide the frontier door to permit the supply of Chi ! nese resources to the rebels and | the establishment of training bases for them in Red China. It was the sixth northern fron tier post from which the French have withdrawn in five weeks. They pulled out of Dongkhe Sep tember 16, Caobang October 3, Thatke October 10, Nacham Octo ber 16 and Dong Dang October 17. Implications Serious. The evacuation of Langson is full of unpleasant implications for the West. Among other things it means: 1. That the Communists now have full control of the border lands between Communist China and Indo-China to a depth of nearly 100 miles. 2. That the French have lost any immediate chance for a deci sive military victory to win con trol of this strategic southeastern land in Asia. 3. That the rebels have the space and the means in which and with which to prepare a full-scale military offensive against the principal remaining French for tresses farther south. The purely guerrilla phase of the Indo-China war in the north appears over. The Communist led Viet Minh now has a virtually impregnable mountainous base area with good connections across the China frontier for supply pur poses. Ho has a well-trained force with startling striking power, becoming habituated to victory. Regrouping Declared Aim. A French army communique said the Langston withdrawal was effected to permit the regrouping of French forces into new stra tegic mobile reserves. It declared the French will go on the offen sive as soon as this reorganization is completed. The communique said the with drawing French troops were fight ing “some engagements of minor importance.” The French air force was up in strength over the frontier to cover the French retreat. The communique did not state the destination of the Langson garrison, but merely indicated it was “toward new positions." The French now hold only Loa kay and Moncay on the western and eastern ends of the former French border defense line. French Troops Dig In. Military experts already have admitted that the frontier gar risons no longer are effective in their main function, that of stop ping traffic between the Viet Minh and the Chinese Communists, who (See INDO-CHINA, Page A-5.) V/SA FROM SPA/N NO 6000.. > 60 HOME/ / Good Thing the McCarran Bill Wasn't on the Books in 1492 20,000 Grid Fans Due To See Terps Battle N. C. State Today Fraternities, Sororities And ROTC Parade In Pre-Game Spectacle By Lewis F. Atchison Bowl-hopeful Maryland was to make its Southern Conference de but against battered North Caro lina State today at College Park in a home-coming day expected to attract more than 20,000 fans to the Terps’ new' stadium. The kickoff was scheduled for 2 p.rn Pregame activities began at 11 a.m. with a campus parade of floats decorated by Maryland sororities and fraternities, which also had their houses gaily be decked for the occasion. The floats also were scheduled to parade between halves of the football game at the stadium. Pregame Parade. An added feature was a pre game parade in the stadium, by Maryland’s 2,100 Air Force ROTC cadets. Elaborate preparations were made to duplicate the mili tary setting of games attended by the West Point Cadets and Annapolis Midshipmen. Maryland, still snaky from its narrow escape at underdog Georgetown’s hands last week, nevertheless was rated a three touchdown favorite over the Wolf pack. Terp victory hopes were raised by the return of Halfback Ed Modzelewski, who missed last week’s game because of injuries. Jack Targarona, the squad’s best punter. Tackle Bob Dean and Fullback Karney Scioscia. Maryland, riding high on the comeback trail after being up set by Georgia in its first game of the season, seemed to have too much balance, depth and power for North Carolina State. Coach Jim Tatum, however, feared his men might be looking beyond today’s game to next week's encounter with Duke, which is expected to be one of the Terps’ major tests in its bid for both the conference crown and a postseason engagement. State, coached by one-time All American Beattie Feathers, has a record showing only a 7-6 vic tory over Catawba against three setbacks. The Wolfpack's first (See MARYLAND. Page A-2.) Pope Receives McCloy CASTEL GANDOLFO, Italy, Oct. 21 (/P).—Pope Pius XII re ceived John J. McCloy, United States high commissioner in Ger many, and members of his family in private audience today. They are vacationing in Italy. Card From 'Evelyn' Irks Wife; Husband Sues Clothing Store By the Associated Press OKLAHOMA CITY, Oct. 21.— Barber Bert Stone told a district court that a postcard he received a year ago contained only a short message—but big enough to get him in a jam with his wife. He filed suit for $10,000 dam ages yesterday against Hall's Clothing, Inc. and Evelyn Wil liams, one of its credit department employes. The card said: “Dear Bert: Call me today. Ph. 2-7648. Evelyn.” Carmon C. Harris, Mr. Stone's attorney, said his client wasn’t at home when the postman delivered the card—but Mrs. Stone was. “Wnen Stone returned home, he found his wife pretty upset,” Mr. Harris told a reporter. The lawyer said Mr. Stone later learned it came from a clothing store and gave his wife that explanation. “She looked up the clothing store telephone number and it wasn’t the same.” Mr. Harris con tinued. “That didn’t help much.” He said the number on the card is an unlisted number at the store’s credit department. The lawyer said Evelyn answers the phone. Evelyn was described as the happily married mother of a daughter. Mr. Stone charged that the postal card implied he “was carry ing on a clandestine love affair with a woman named Evelyn.” The plaintiff said the card em barrassed him and reflected on his marital fidelity. A store spokesman said it was “surprising” the number of people who call Evelyn on receiving one of the cards—after other efforts I to reach them fail. I I Keneipp Suggests Publishing Driver Revocation List Regular publication of the names of persons whose driving permits have been revoked has been suggested to the Commis sioners by Traffic Director George E. Kneipp. Mr. Keneipp said he thought the practice might have a good effect on street safety, and might reduce unauthorized driving by persons who have had their per mits taken away. The traffic director, who is scheduled to confer with the city heads Tuesday, said he would put up to the Commissioners the pos sibility of having monthly or weekly lists prepared for release to the press. The idea came to him, Mr. Keneipp said, during a> visit to Rhode Island, where he noticed such a list in a newspaper. Of ficials there informed him they felt the practice had a good effect on safety, he added. Mr. Keneipp said he understood lists of revocations had been pub lished here in the past. Truman to Speak Nov. 1 At Dill Statue Unveiling By the Associated Press President Truman will speak at Ihe unveiling in Arlington Ceme tery of a statue of the late British Field Marshal Sir John Dill on November 1. i The White House said today the President will speak informally after remarks by Secretary of De fense Marshall and British Am bassador Sil Oliver Franks. The President will arrive at the cemetery around 3 p.m. and will I speak about 20 minutes later, j Chairman of the Arrangements I Committee for the ceremony is [Robert Woods Bliss, who also is j chairman of the Memorial Com | mittee. Funds for the statue were raised [by American friends and asso | dates of the World War II leader Senate Blankets, Pillows Destroyed in Oftice Fire A fire in the supply room of the Senate Office Building today destroyed a quantity of blankets and pillows reserved for sena torial use. Police said Victor Edler, assist ant procurement clerk, discovered the blaze at 8:25 o’clock this morning in the first-floor room in the northeast corner of the building. Damage was confined to the bedclothes kept there for the con venience of the Senators Smoke billowed down into the subway between the Senate Of fice Building and the Capitol, but police said there was no inter ruption in service. Elizabeth's Daughter Christened Princess Anne By the Associated Press LONDON, Oct. 21.—The 67-day old daughter of Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip was christened Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise of Edinburgh today by the Arch bishop of York. She will be known simply as Princess Anne. The baby is third in line of sue- ! cession to the British throne. Her j mother, Princess Elizabeth, is first, followed by Anne’s 2-year-old brother, Charles. Robbers Ignore Arms Law HONG KONG, Oct. 21 UP).—A new crown colony law went into effect yesterday making illegal use of arms punishable by death. Be fore nightfall three armed rob beries were reported. Thomas Is Replaced By Ward as Head Of Laborers' Local Executive Board Ousts Leader After Red Charge Is Aired Henry Thomas, president of Local 74 of the AFL Building Laborers' Union since June 17, 1948, was officially replaced by Hubert Ward at an “emergency meeting” last night of the Execu tive Board, officials said today, Mr. Thomas was previously tried and charged with Com munist leanings, but a member ship meeting Wednesday night broke up in confusion when the matter was debated. It will come up again at the November 1 mem bership meeting. Two board members claimed they were threatened by Thomas' adherents and followed after last night’s meeting of the board and they later sought police protec tion. They said ninth precinct police promised that scout car po licemen would keep an eye on their homes. Sampler Issues Statement. Thomas G. Sampler, the local's secretary - treasurer, announced that this statement was author ized by last night’s board meeting: “Under provisions of Article 5, Section 9 and Article 14, Section 6, the executive board of Local 74 orders that due to the emergency of not having a president for the local union, that Hubert Ward, vice president, is hereby declared president pro tempore of Local 74 and is authorized to act as president of Local 74 in con formity with Article 5, Section 2 of the constitution, except he shall not sign any official documents or checks until a decision is reached at the next regular meeting of the membership. I Thomas Actions Banned. “Henry Thomas, suspended president, is not to act or speak or do in any manner for Local 74 as its president until two-thirds of the membership present and voting overrides the decision of the trial board.” Mr. Sampler explained that in addition to himself, these board members were present: LeRoy Ford, recording secretary: Mr. Ward, who presided over the meeting; Roy Fambrough. Ray mond Jones and Richard Cross. Meanwhile. Mr. Thomas, who is standing pat and declares only the membership can oust him, was in his office with some of his friends at 523 New Jersey avenue N.W. He contends the “emer gency meeting” of the board was illegal because he was not present as a member. And he says he is keeping the key to his office and will occupy it. Threats Are Charged. Mr. Sampler charged today that Mr. Thomas’ friends threatened to “string up’’ board members. The secretary-treasurer contended that William Gray, business agent, was a principal mover in this. After he got into his car to drive home and picked up Mr. Ford, Mr. Sampler said he was followed by Mr. Gray and others to Third and E streets N.E. Mr. Sampler said he went to ninth police precinct and lodged a complaint. The basis of the charges against Mr. Thomas was that he used union funds to attend an alleged Communist-front organi zation, the Trade Union Confer ence for Negro Rights, in June at Chicago and conferred there with high-ranking Communists, Mr. Sampler declared. Mr. Thomas concedes he was a Communist, but said he got out of I (See UNION, Page A-3.) i Walter Bastian Named Judge to Succeed Bailey Republican Lawyer Appointed by Truman To District Court Walter M. Bastian, Washington born lawyer who has practiced here for 37 years, today was named a judge of District Court in a recess appointment by Presi dent Truman. Mr. Bastian, who is 59, will suc ceed Judge Jennings Bailey, whose retirement is effective November 1. Judge Bailey, 83, occupied the bench for 32 years before he an nounced his retirement Thursday. The new appointee is a Repub lican. Although the White House did not elaborate, Mr. Truman presumably will formally nominate Mr. Bastian for permanent ap pointment to the 15-judge bench when Congress reconvenes. Senate confirmation is required. Informed of his appointment to day. Mr. Bastian said. ‘‘I am nat urally very pleased. I shall do the very best I can to serve on the bench to the very best of my ability.” Bar Association Pleased. i Mr. Bastian lives at 2015 Plym outh street N.W. with his wife. They have two sons. Walter, jr., ; and David Charles, and one grand son. Walter III. John L. Laskey, president of the WALTER M. BAST IAN. District Bar Association last year, said he was “delighted” to hear of the appointment. He paid high tribute to Mr. Bastian's character and qualifications for a judgeship. Leroy H. McKinney, president of the Washington Bar Associa tion, an organization of Negro attorneys, emphasized “two among many” reasons why “this is a good appointment." Helps Balance Court. “Mr. Bastian is a Republican and his appointment tends to add a better balance on the court,” he | said. “Secondly, Mr. Bastian is a Washington lawyer and it is good to give recognition and representa tion to District attorneys.” A former president of the Dis trict Bar Association, Mr. Bastian just last month was named to the Board of Governors of the Ameri can Bar Association. He has long been a member of the District Court Committee on Admissions and Grievances, which supervises admissions of new members of the bar and acts on complaints against law practitioners. The tall, powerfully-built at torney has been a familiar figure in the courts here, where ha handled a practice consisting largely of civil actions. He graduated from Georgetown University in 1913 and was ad mitted to the District bar the same year. His career was inter rupted by World War I, in which he served as a lieutenant in chem ical warfare. Has Held Many Posts. Since that time he has been named to these public and privat* posts: President of the Board of Trus tees of National University, where he formerly taught law; member of the District Board of Draft Appeals during the last war, trus ; tee of YMCA, counsel for the : National Capital Sesquicentennial Commission, president of the Methodist Home for Children, trustee of Hamline Methodist Church, officer of the Columbia Historical Society and a director of the National Savings and Trust Co. Befoi-e being elected president of the District bar group in 1936, Mr. Bastian was treasurer for years. Later he served as treas urer of the American Bar Asso ciation and as a member of that national group's house of dele gates. Featured Reading Inside Today's Star MARYLAND POLITICS—The possi bility thot the Democrats' use of a year-old speech by Theodore R. Mc Kcldin, GOP candidate for Governor, may backfire against them is dis cussed by Star Staff Correspondent Alex R. Preston in today's report on Free State candidates on Page A-24. RED THREAT IN GERMANY—West Berlin s Moyor thinks his city is tho safest place in Europe, reports Blair Moody in the sixth installment of his series on the situation in Germany, on Poge A-5.