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Ramy, cool, high in upper 50s today. Cloudy, rain ending tonight, low 50. Tomorrow cloudy, cool. (Full report on Page A-2.) Temperatures Today. Midnight..62 6 a.m. .-57 11 a.m. ..56 2 a.m.-.61 8 a.m. ..56 Noon ..57 4 a.m. _.60 10 a.m. ._56 1 p.m.-.57 __Late New York Markets, Page A-23. Guide for Readers rifb Amusements --A-18 • Classified __B-12-16 Comics _B-18-19 Crossword _B-18 \ Editorial _A-12 Edit. Articles --A-13 rue | Finance _A-23 Obituary _A-14 Radio _B-17 Sports ,_A-19-21 Woman’s Section_B-3-7 An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 296. Phone ST. 5000 *★ S WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1950—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. Bom* Delivery. Monthly Rater; Evening and Sunday. SI 60; a» /"'iTT'T^rT'Q Evening only. $1.10; Sunday only. 45c: Night Final, lllc additional. V/JilXv J. ij U. S. Rounds Up Top Alien Reds As Truman Names Richardson To Head Subversive Controls Justice Department Acts Under New Security Statute BULLETIN President Truman today set np the new Subversive Activities Control Board provided by the Internal Security Act, naming Seth W. Richardson as head of the five-member group. Other appointees are: Peter Campbell Brown, special assistant to the Attorney General: former Re publican Representative Charles M. La Follette of Indiana, David J. Coddaire of Boston, a former member of the Maritime Com mission, and Dr. Kathryn Mc Hale of Logansport, Ind. Mr. Richardson will give up the chairmanship of the Loyalty Review Board. By tn« Associated Press The Justice Department today disclosed it has begun a roundup of top alien Communists in the United States, and has arrested 10. Those already in custody were described as “the most important" of about 86 persons scheduled for prompt pick up and deportation, if deportation is possible. Officials said the 10 are those who have been most active in the fields of Communist propaganda. For most, the arrests mark the first time the Justice Department has moved to deport them. However, the department said that many on the proposed de tention list of 86 are aliens pre viously ordered deported but who have not left the country. Roundup Nation-Wide. The roundup extends from coast to coast. The department acted under the new Internal Security Act. This law, enacted over President Tru man's veto, permits the Attorney General to keep subversive aliens against whom deportation is pend ing in custody for as long as six months. If the alien cannot be deported within that time, the law directs' that they be kept under close supervision by the immigration service. Heretofore, many aliens ordered deported have been able to remain free and in this country because of difficulty in getting any other nation to accept them. In the current pickups of per sons already ordered deported but still here, officials admitted frank ly that a prime objective is to spur the efforts of such persons to obtain travel papers from some country, anywhere in the world, willing to accept them. Can Be Jailed or Bonded. Under the new law, aliens who have been ordered to leave can be kept in custody or allowed liberty under bond at the Attor ney General's discretion. If he grants bond, it must be at least $500. If he withholds bond, the alien may seek freedom through habeas corpus proceed ings only by proving in court that the Attorney General has acted in an arbitrary or capricious man ner or has abused his discretion. Supreme Court Bars Quick Ober Law Ruling The Supreme Court today re fused to rule, before Election Day November 7, on a case attacking a section of Maryland’s Ober law. That law was passed in 1949 to combat subversive activities. The main issue in the current case is whether a candidate for Congress must sign a special loyalty oath required by the State. The Mary land Court of Appeals has ruled that a candidate for Governor must sign the oath, but candidates for Federal office need not do so. Louis Shub, a Progressive Party candidate for Governor, was kept off the November 7 general elec tion ballot when he refused to sign. Mr. Shub asked the Supreme Court to “advance and expedite” its hearing on the petition he re cently filed attacking constitu tionality of the Ober law. In a brief opinion, from which Chief Justice Vinson and Justices Black and Douglas dissented, the court today denied that request, but did not indicate whether it would agree to rule later on the validity of the law itself. % Ex-Greek Soldier Robbed of Savings For Artificial Legs By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Oct. 23.—A legless Greek Army veteran was robbed last night of $320 subsistence money which he needed to be fitted with artificial legs. The theft victim was Theoharris T. Raikoftaslis, 35, who lost both limbs while fighting against Com munist guerrillas in Macedonia. The former sergeant discovered the theft early today after being wheeled home from an amputees’ meeting. A window was open in the room he occupied with his wife, Eleni. The money had been secreted in a suitcase. 21 Massacre Si In Daring Push t Washington Officer Rescues Wounded In Red Territory By Don Whitehead Associated Press War Correspondent SUNCHON. North Korea, Oct. 23. — Survivors of the Sunchon tunnel massacre were saved be cause a brigadier general dared to push into Communist territory to check a report that American prisoners of war had been killed by North Korean.Reds. At least 68 American prisoners were slain by their Red guards Yank, 18, Tells How He Survived Death March Massacre. Page A-5 Friday night near the Sunchon railway tunnel, 10 miles north of here. They had been led from a train into nearby fields under the pre text that they were being taken to supper. The guards machine-gunned them. Sixty-six prisoners died on the spot. Two others died during the night of their wounds. At least 21, many of them wounded, lived through the hour-long mas sacre. Had Brig. Gen. Frank A. Allen jr.. of Washington and Cleveland not been so persistent many of the Supreme Court Gives Hearing to 11 Leaders Of Communist Party Oral Arguments Dec. 4 Will Be Restricted to Validity of Smith Act By Robert K. Wolsh The 11 Communist Party lead ers convicted of conspiracy to teach violent overthrow of the: Government, won a hearing be fore the Supreme Court today. The tribunal agreed to review their conviction and set December 4 for oral arguments. But. the is-' sue will be limited to constitution ality of the Smith Act which makes it a crime to advocate forcible overthrow of the Govern ment. Following a nine-.months trial in Federal Court in New York, the 11 men were found guilty by a jury and given prison terms and fines by Judge Harold R. Medina. Ten of the eleven are at liberty under bail ranging from $20,000 to $30,000 as result of an order by Justice Jackson last month. Dennis Serving Contempt Term. The defendants are Eugene Dennis, party secretary, who is serving a one-year jail sentence on a separate conviction for con tempt of Congress. John B. Wil liamson, Jacob Stachel, Robert Thompson, Benjamin J. Davis, Henry Winston. John Gates, Irv ing Potash, Gilbert Green, Carl Winter and Gus Hall. Thompson was sentenced to three years in prison, and the others to five years. All were fined $10,000. After the 11 Communist lead ers last month petitioned the Su preme Court to review their case, the Justice Department requested the court, in event of such a re view, to limit the issues to validity of the Smith Act. The defend ants had raised numerous other questions about the legality of their trial, and the conduct of Judge Medina. The Justice Department already has indicated that it will defend constitutionality of the Smith Act, and claimed that its application (See COMMUNISTS, Page A-14.1 400-Year Source of U. S. Power Found in Gas From Lignite By Howard W. Blokeslee Associated Press Science Editor GRAND FORKS. N. Dak.. Oct. 23.—A new source of power, big enough to operate American in dustry 400 years, was described to day at the University of North Dakota. The power source is a new gas .from lignite, perfected by the United States Bureau of Mines, in 'co-operation with the university. Lignite is a black, low-order coal, which is about 35 per cent j water The United States has 900 billion tons. That's one-quarter of all our coal still unmined. The Bureau of Mines today is putting the finishing work on a new $750,000 laboratory, the only exclusively lignite laboratory in ' the country, to answer industry's 1 technical questions. The cost al ready is low enough to compete with coal shipped long distances. Heading the work are Drs. A. C. Burr, John C. Holtz and W. H. Oppelt, for the bureau, and Dr. L. C. Harrington, for the univer sity. The secret of gas-making is a irvivors Saved >y Gen. Allen BRIG. GEN FRANK A. ALLEN, Jr. wounded undoubtedly would not have survived the bitterly cold night. (Gen. Allen, who served as public relations chief at Su preme Allied Headquarters in Europe during World War II, is a native of Cleveland, but owns a home here at 1421 North Twelfth street. Arlington. His wife now is in Tokyo. Two (Continued on Page A-3. Col. 1.) Truman Policy Based On Hiller Formula, Vishinsky Charges Tells U. N. Use of Force In Foreign Relations Is 'Guns Before Butter' Idea By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. 23.—So viet Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky charged today that President Truman's foreign policy is based on force and the samel “guns before butter’’ formula which Hitler followed. He attacked the President's speech in San Francisco last Tuesday following the President's return from his Wake Island con ference with Gen. MacArthur. That speech, Mr. Vishinsky said, “had no want of anti-Soviet sen timents” to back up plans for a new war and new sacrifices by taxpayers. ^ The Soviet Foreign Minister charged American officials had “aggressive designs beyond what they already are carrying out in various parts of the world.” Backs Peace Resolution. His references to President Tru man. made before the U. N. As sembly s Political Committee, came the day before Mr. Truman is scheduled to address the> United Nations. The President’s speech is expected to outline America’s views on the preserva tion of peace and the resistance of Korean-type aggressions. Mr. Vishinsky declared Russia's postwar policy is based on “the inevitable peaceful coexistence of the capitalistic and socialistic systems for a long, long time.” He spoke in support of a Russian resolution for “the strengthening of peace”—a document based on the Communist-sponsored Stock holm appeal. Referring to the Western World's demand that Russia express her desire for peace by deeds rather than words. Mr. Vishinsky said Russia already has shown her de sire for peace. Further deeds by her depend on other states try ing "to 'gain at least a minimum (See U. N„ Page A-6.) red-hot steel bottle, about 18 feet high and nearly 10 in diameter. The bottle has an inner lining, forming a corridor close to the red hot outer wall. This corridor is filled with high-pressure steam. Lignite, fed in at the bottle top, slides down the corridor. There, heat and steam convert most of the coal into gas, known to industry as water gas. This single bottle makes enough gas daily to furnish power for elec tricity to a town of 10,000. All except 15 per cent of the lignite turns into gases. The re mainder is not ashes; it's good fuel, better than raw lignite. The new gas has many uses besides burning. It can be con verted into gasoline. It will run a Diesel engine. It can make al cohol, ammonia, waxes, dyes and fats—even fats that human beings can eat. Raw lignite already is burned by North Dakota power plants. One problem is reducing the wa ter in the lignite. The Bureau of Mines here does this with steam. The steam pressure squeezes the coal until water can be seen run ning out. hk Korea Reds Flee Frantically in Allies'Advance South Koreans Due To Reach Manchuria Frontier Tomorrow By Leif Erickson Associated Press Foreign Correspondent SEOUL, Korea. Oct. 23.—South Korean forces swept within 50 miles or less of the Manchurian border today. Shattered remnants of the Red Korean army were fleeing fran Herndon Soldier Wounded in Korea by Hand Grenade. Page A-16 Mon Picked on Street to Form Govern ment tor Pyongyang. Page A-6 Admiral Soys Russian Talent Directed Korean Mine-Loying. Page A-3 tically toward the mountain tri angle north of Kanggye. It was there that the Red chieftain, Kim II Sung, carried out his guerrilla war against the Japanese before Russian occupation forces in stalled him as Premier of North Korea after World War II. Kanggye is about 20 miles from the border in the center of the peninsula. Three Republic of Korea divi sions were driving for the Man churian border to finish the four month wai. May Reach Yalu Tomorrow. Observers said the ROK's, who can make 30 miles a day in forced Bulk of U. S. Troops Likely to Be Out of Korea by Christmas TOKYO, Oct. 23 (CDN>.— Barring unforeseen develop ments, the bulk of the United States troops in Korea will be withdrawn to Tokyo before Christmas and some of them before Thanksgiving, it was learned here today. The quick collapse of the North Korean forces makes the presence of large Ameri can forces in Korea no longer necessary in the view' of mili tary leaders. It is believed that Republic of Korea forces are more than capable of mopping up re maining enemy resistance. marches, were capable of reaching the Yalu River on the border sometime tomorrow. (Gen. MacArthur's headquar ters in Tokyo was non-commit tal. A spokesman said only that the army “had several estimates of when Allied troops were ex pected to reach the Manchurian border.”) On the north bank of the river. Red China troops guard Manchuria. The desperate Red Koreans were fleeing northward so fast that they no longer could herd all their Allied prisoners along with them. Many POWs were escaping to the safety of Allied lines. Other prisoners were massacred by the Reds in a brutal last show of defiance. Sixty-six Americans were found machinegunned 40 miles nortlj of Pyongyang, the fallen Red capital. Two others died, but 21 survived the ruthless slaughter. Five hundred South Koreans were reported murdered at Yong hung, on North Korea's east coast. Reds Turn Inland. An Army intelligence officer in Tokyo said the Red Koreans had put up "no real organized resist ance in the last 24 hours.” Fleeing Reds were reported turning inland in their retreat be fore the advancing United Nations forces. These will not offer much de fense, a spokesman said. “With what we have learned already we can take care of those without any trouble.” The spokesman said American forces had learned much in as saulting the walled city north of Taegu in southeastern Korea. Air attacks 'will take care of them,” he explained. But ground (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 5.) Arlington Judge Voids Bond Issue for Pools Arlington Circuit Judge Walter T McCarthy today voided the county’s $500,000 swimming pool bond issue, which voters approved in a referendum August 1. His decision in a suit, brought by Arlington Treasurer John Locke Green, prohibits the county board from issuing the bonds. Reasons for the decision were not available immediately, as the written order in the case is still being prepared. Mr. Green’s suit contended, among other things, that the bond issue referendum was not in ac cordance with the law because it was held at a primary election. Court attaches said the final decision in the case was based on points that Mr. Green did not raise in his suit. The bond issue, which carried by a 35-vote margin, were to finance construction of at least three pools. Signatures on peti tions requesting the referendum were obtained largely by members of the Arlington Democratic Club. Mr. Green is a Republican. Guard Meeting Hears Proposal For Broad Program of Service New York General's Report Envisions Call For Units on Six-Month Rotational Tours By William J. Wheatley All National Guard divisions and combat units should be federal ized on a rotational basis for training periods of about six months’ duration, the opening ses sion of the National Guard Asso ciation conference was told today at the Mayflower Hotel. The proposal came from Brig. Gen. Hampton Anderson, com mander of the 42d Infantry Di vision of the New York National Guard and acting chief of staff of that State's National Guard or ganization. He presented a report of the association's Committee on Public Relations. Gen. Anderson said this rota tional policy should be followed pending enactment of some form of universal military training leg islation by the next Congress. “At the conclusion of these ac Civil Service Orders Army Not to By-pass Its Hiring Registers Several Field Installations Planned to Disregard Procedure, Mitchell Says The Civil Service Commission has ordered the Army Department not to by-pass regular civil service hiring registers in appointing new employes, it was disclosed today. Commission Chairman Harry B. Mitchell in' a letter to the Army Defense Agencies Fight for Freedom in Hiring New Employes. Pcge A-2 Department said the commission was advised that several Army field installations were planning to disregard the civil service job registers. Mr. Mitchell declared that such procedure would be in contraven tion of both the letter and spirit; of the Civil Service Act and the Veterans Preference Act of 1944 which the Commission has the re sponsibility of enforcing. Army Promises to Conform. In reply to the letter. Army per sonnel officials promised that they would see to it that the field in stallations in question would pro ceed by regular Civil Service pro cedures. The Defense agencies have been given authority to go outside reg ular Civil Service job registers in emergency cases, but Army per sonnel officials argued that some field installations needed abso lute freedom in hiring employes. In ordering the Army to observe regular hiring procedures, the Commission said that it would be willing to consider the depart ment's future personnel problems as they arise. The Commission expressed the view that the cur rent emergency hiring regulations were adequate for Army’s needs. Latest Incident in Wrangle. The incident was the latest in the current wrangle between de fense agencies and the commis sion over the defense offices’ re quest for more leeway in hiring employes. Several months ago the defense agencies were given authority to; make emergency indefinite ap pointments, but they were in structed to hire as many persons' as possible from established Civil Service job registers. The de fense offices were empowered to hire outside these registers only if no register was available for a: particular job or in case of a sudden emergency that required the immediate services of certain employes. The defense agencies are now arguing that in many instances they need complete authority to by-pass regular job registers in order to get the best qualified peo ple. tive training periods,” he pro posed. “such divisions and other units should be returned to their State status as units and not as individuals.” Gen. Anderson added: “Filler replacements for such National Guard units, upon com pletion of the six-month period, should be transferred to other units, regular or national guard, for the balance of their service obligation. “Under this plan it is estimated that over a period of two and half years all national guard units including divisions, will have completed six months active train ing and would then be returned to their home stations as units, with an adequate nucleus of their originally inducted members and prepared to receive their allotted (See GUARD. Page A-6.) U. 5. and Britain Seek 20 Ready Divisions In West Europe by '51 North Atlantic Meeting Here Tomorrow to Be Peace Showdown By Blair Moody North American Newspaper Alliance LONDON, Oct. 23.—A battle ready force of 20 to 25 Allied di visions in Western Europe by early next summer will be a ma jor goal of the United States at the momentous North Atlantic Military Conference opening in Washington tomorrow. This meeting will be the show down on whether the Western Truman Peace Plan Rebuffed by Moscow as 'Rude ond Ridiculous.' Page A-5' world means to make the sacrifices necessary to build strength ade-; quate to defend itself against Communist aggression—and in time. Now comes the moment to translate words into substance, generalities into guns. All pre vious meetings of the leading statesmen of the grand alliance for freedom—in New York, Paris, London. Washington and at way points—have been preliminary. The master plan for defense of the free world will be laid at this meeting, or probably not at all. Two Knotty Issues Impend. Two violently controversial is sues face the conference: 1. Whether, and how, German divisions can be knit into the force to be created in the next threeI years, on a basis France will ac cept. 2. Who pays for what? There is a decided trend in (Continued on Page A-6, Col. 5.) Fire Marshal Orders Probe of 2 Blazes at Negroes' New Home First Fire Extinguished By Neighbor; Family First of Race in Area A home, newly bought by a colored family in a white neigh borhood, caught fire twice last night and Fire Marshal Raymond C. Roberts today ordered a “thor uugh investigation.” Mr. Roberts described the fires as “suspicious.” The scene was a nine-room house at 716 Hamlin street NT., owned by Samuel Davis, 48, a colored bricklayer. A next-door neighbor, Jacques Brinkley, said today that he was returning home about 10 p.m when he saw a fire on the oper side porch of the house. He saic he ran up on the porch anc stamped it out. The burning ma terial, he said, appeared to be a clothes line. He said he thought no one was at home and did not notify any one. Calls Fire Department. A short time later, he reported he noticed a glare from the house. This time, he said, the fire was too big for him to handle alone and he called the Fire Depart ment. The fire burned the side and front of the house, scorched the inside wallpaper, damaged the front part jbf the roof and scorched furniture stored in the front room while the family was moving in. The fire marshal’s office said the investigators will try to locate a youth who is said to have told police he found a piece of gaso line-soaked rope near the scene of the first fire. The only occupant of the house at the time was Willie Macon, 30, a cousin of the owner who planned to live in the house with the Davis family and had moved in yesterday. Mr. and Mrs. Davis started moving in furniture last Tuesday but were not yet living in the house. Awakened by Sound. Mr. Macon said the roaring of the fire woke him and he ran some distance to a telephone to call the Fire Department. When he re turned. he said, firemen and po lice-summoned by Mr. Brinkley— were already on the scene. The (See FIRE, Page A-2.) Two Destroyer Escorts Transferred to Dutch By th« Associated Press BOSTON, Oct. 23.—Two United States destroyer escorts were transferred today to the Royal Netherlands Navy under the mu tual defense assistance program. The two vessels, the U. S. S. O’Neill and the U. S. S. Gufstaf son, both saw much service during World War II. Two other destroyer escorts re cently were transferred to the Netherlands at Boston. Universal Blood-Typing Urged As A-Bomb Defense Measure By the Associated Press i Efforts to determine the blood | type of every person in the Nation I —on a voluntary basis—were rec- j commended today as a civilian: defense measure. A division of the United States; Public Health Service recommend ed that the service as a whole, together with State and local health departments, “accept the responsibility for developing ef ficient, economical community programs” to meet that objective. “If atomic warfare, or even pombardment by high explosives, ■esulted in sudden and extensive pivilian 'casualties, the knowledge, 1 pn the part of most citizens, of heir blood type would result in saving the lives of many people.” i Civil Defense Committee of the Association of State and Terri torial Health Offices said. Meanwhile, the acting director of the Civil Defense office in the National Security Resources Board, James J. Wadsworth, said the nation’s Civil Defense must be organized on a neighbor-help neighbor basis. In a broadcast, Mr. Wadsworth said yesterday that the atom bomb has so multiplied civil defense oroblems that no one community :an expect to stock up all the squipment apd manpower it might oeed in an attack. The Association of State and rerritorial Health Officers opened i four-day meeting here today. Medical aspects of defense against itomic and bacteriological war are were up for discussion. Symington Calls light Controls Not Needed Yet Prefers Taxes, Credit Curbs, Allocations As First Weapons By Francis P. Douglas There is a good chance price and wage controls will be un necessary “if every one pitches in,” W. Stuart Symington, chair man of the National Security Re sources Board, said today. He added, “An awful lot of people do not think that in this Goodwin Appointed Chief of Office of Defense Monpower. Page A-6 gray mobilization period you i should put all the economy in a straight-jacket of direct control.” Mr. Symington also disclosed the establishment of a board to act as a sort of general staff for defense production. This board includes about 20 top Govern ment officials concerned with the economic mobilization. Would Tighten Taxes First. The NSRB chairman, answering questions at a news conference on jthe possibility of price and wage controls, said: “It would seem dangerous to me to put sweeping controls on the American econ omy, unless we first try other controls.” The other controls he mentioned were higher taxes, credit restric tions, and allocation of materials. He made it clear that he did not want to discuss the subject too deeply because the decisions were not his to make, but were Alan Valentine's. Mr. Valentine is the recently-appointed Economic Stabilization Administrator. Hardship Cases Protest Least. “It is beginning to look as if t everybody wants controls so long I as they do not affect him,” Mr. .; Symington said. “Those hurt the most are protesting least.” He 5 said he referred particularly to World War II widows with chil jjdren and those retired persons on fixed incomes. He said they really j get hit “by the lightening of the dollar." Asuea now long ne would give the indirect controls a trial run to avoid inflation, he said this would be known when it is ap parent whether business, labor, and the people generally "will work and play ball.” Mr. Symington said the NSRB had done its best to find out why prices, especially for raw ma terials, had gone up, especially where there have been no wage increases. He declined to say what the results of the investigation have been, but said the subject will be pursued by Congress. He pointed also to the high level of profits, which he said, were running in the third quar ter of the year higher than at any time in the history of the world. Mr. Symington said Mr. Valentine had been talking with people an over the country who had experi ence in the last war with direct controls. He added the warning the Nation's economy could be hurt by doing the wrong thing, General Staff Board Meets. The general staff board on de fense production and the economy has had several meetings—the last one last Wednesday. Mr. Symington said he thought it was a good idea to get together * in one room representatives of all the agencies that have any control over the economy. Also included are Fred J. Lawton, budget direc tor, and Leon H. Keyserling, chairman of the Council of Eco nomic Advisors. Mr. Symington also announced regulations covering accelerated amortization of plants built for the mobilization effort are ready for submission to President Tru man. He said businessmen asking au thority to write off emergency construction and thereby get tax benefits should make application to the NSRB, which woyld refer each matter to its appropriate agency. Civilian Aluminum Facing Cut Mr. Symington said he was meeting today with representa tives of the aluminum industry, but he did not explain who they were, or the purpose of the meet ing. This came on the heels of disclosure that there may be cuts in the amount of aluminum for civilian goods, in order to save the metal for airplane construc tion. The National Production Au thority is now working on orders <See CONTROLS. Page A-fi.) Featured Reading Inside Today's Star KNOW YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD—Stor Stoff Reporter George Kennedy visit* Southeost ond finds the eld home* picturesque in this least-publicized sec tion of old Washington. He describes his tour on Page B-1. NO. 1 DRAFT "SALESMAN"—Moj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, the Selective Service director, has become the tolk ingest man in town as he takes the draft story to the people, reports George Beveridge in a character study of the blunt general on Poge A-12. RED THREAT IN GERMANY-Th# Germon leaders ore the real enthusi asts for what amounts to a United States of Western Europe, reports Blair Moody in the seventh article in hi* series on new German problem* «* Page A-22.