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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 26, 1950, Image 19

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Attempt to Discredit
President of Korea
Being Made Here
Propaganda Likened
To Drive 5 Years Ago
Against Chiang Kai-Shek
By David Lawrence
There's an insidious propaganda
at work here to attempt to dis
credit Syngman Rhee, president
of the Republic of Korea. On the
surface, it resembles the propa
ganda which started five years
ago against Chiang Kai-shek and
ultimately resulted in the en
forced collapse of the Nationalist
regime in China.
One high American official who
is well aware that the propaganda
exists and resents it said today:
“Is the United States going to
get the reputation in Asia of help
ing a government to fight victori
ously against its external enemies
only to drop it like poison there
after?”
American aid, military and eco
nomic, went to Chiang Kai-shek
when he was helping to keep at
bay the Japanese armies on the
continent of Asia. But as soon as
Japan surrendered in 1945. the
effort to break down the Na
tionalist government began. From
this the Communists derived great
satisfaction. Indeed, it is not yet
established how much Communist
influence did infiltrate Washing
ton and produce this weakening
of American support for Chiang
Kai-shek.
Formally Recognized.
Today President Rhee stands as
the constitutionally elected execu
tive of this republic. His govern
ment has been formally recog
nized by the United States and by
the United Nations as the legiti
mately established government of
Korea. It has, moreover, been as
serted officially by the United
States that the 38th Parallel was
not a boundary of the republic
and that the U. N. recognized the
entire area of Korea as within the
jurisdiction of the government of
Korea.
But now skeptics are spreading
the word that Dr. Rhee is recog
nized only for South Korea, thus
endeavoring to perpetuate the
very Action that the Soviets
sought to implant with their cry
that the outbreak in Korea was
just a “civil war.” Under the con
stitution of Korea, Dr. Rhee’s
term doesn’t expire until 1952. He
is president of all Korea by vir
tue of an election that the U. N.
approved. He is not just presi
dent of the southern area. His
troops are in the north exercis
ing military control over the
northern region.
It is true that U. N. forces are
assisting the South Korean army
but this in no wise subtracts from
the sovereignty of the Korean
Republic. It is natural for the
U. N„ w'hich supervised the first
elections, to see to it that sup
plementary elections are held in
certain districts so that the peo
ple in North Korea who have been
coerced by the Communists now
can choose freely the men they
want to represent them in the
Korean national legislative body.
Strange Effort of Foes.
But this program of electing
members to vacancies in the Ko
rean congress has nothing to do
with the legitimacy of the pres
ent Korean government despite
the strange efforts of opponents
of Dr. Rhee in America to try
to give the impression that a new
election must be ordered.
The innuendoes refer to Dr.
Rhee as a “reactionary” and as op
posed to “agrarian reforms”—the
very same words that, curiously
enough, cropped up so frequently
when the State Department wras
being slowly but surely persuaded
to abandon Chiang Kai-shek a
few years ago.
The State Department has man
aged to prove to many fair-mind
ed people that whatever mistakes
it made in handling Chiang Kai
shek were conscientiously made
and without Communist inspira
tion, directly or indirectly. If
Dr. Rhee, however, now meets
the same fate at the hands of
the State Department that Chiang
Kai-shek did, the charges wall
certainly be renewed. If, despite
the sacrifices made by American
troops to fight Communist aggres
sion in Korea, the Communists
nevertheless win their point in
weakening Dr. Rhee and getting
help in that effort from .various
persons inside the American Gov
ernment, it will be a sad day for
American diplomacy. Dr. Rhee
needs staunch and unequivocal
support. His prestige in his own
country is at stake as word reaches
there that certain U. N. members
and perhaps the State Depart
ment are cool in their attitude.
(Reproduction Rights Reserved.)
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This Changing World
Hammer and Sickle Flag Due to Fly
Shortly From the ‘Roof of the World’
By Constantine Brown
The hammer and sickle flag will
fly shortly from the "roof of the
world.” A small force of Chinese
Communists, estimated at about
5 0,000 men.
now is advanc
ing on Tibet
from Chengtu
and is expected
to reach Lhasa,
the capital, in
a few weeks.
There will be
no opposition,
of course, to
the "liberation”
of the 3 million
nomads apd
Buddhist monks
who compose
the overwhelm- con.t.ntme uro»n.
ing majority of the population.
The only obstacles the Reds will
find in their path will be the high
and rugged mountain ranges. But
it is extremely doubtful that these
i will be defended.
Many Tibetans are armed,
principally with antique rifles, but
there is no such thing as an army.
Tibet enjoyed independence be
cause it has never been of com
mercial value to anybody. Strate
gically it has been of vast im
| portance to any power that aimed
eventually at descending on India,
j So long as there was a balance of
power between non-aggressive
I China and Britain, no threat ex
isted to the territories south of
Tibet.
i
March Long Expected.
The Chinese Communists’ march
into Tibet—on orders from Mos
cow—has been expected for some
| time. There have been repeated
I reports about such a move ever
since the Nationalist forces on the
Chinese mainland collapsed. The
only question in the subjugation
of the 3 million Tibetans by Mos
cow was the timing.
A master plan for the future
operations of the Kremlin in Asia
is reported to have been captured
when Pyongyang, Korean Red
capital, was occupied by our
forces. Tibet, together with Indo
china, Siam and Burma, was
| one objective named in the master
plan for Soviet operations in Asia.
The Tibetan move was men
i tioned as a sequel to the conquest
i of Viet Nam by Ho Chi Minh’s
troops, which are being trained
and supplied in China. This in
vasion is in full swing now and
shows every indication of success,
unless, of course, the United Na
tions decides to intervene with
its troops. That is to say, unless
we are instructed to send some
Marine and Army divisions to
that area.
While Tibetan affairs normally
would receive only scant attention
from the State and Defense De
partments, the advance of the
Communist forces into that moun
tain state has particular signifi
cance at this time. It shows us
definitely that while the Russians
are holding their fire in Europe,
and Andrei Vishinsky coos sweetly
about the blessings of peace at
Lake Success, the Kremlin is pro
ceeding with its plans to seize
Asia.
Fertile Ground In Indo-China.
Ho Chi Minh has found fertile
ground in Indo-China, where our
French friends have made so
many mistakes that they have lost
whatever support they could have
found among the definitely non
Communist Indo-Chinese masses.
Even their hand-picked head of
the Viet Nam state, former Em
peror Bao Dai, is not treated prop
erly by the petty colonial officials
whom Paris has sent to Indo
China.
For instance, the French resi
dent general in Saigon still oc
cupies the ancient royal palace
and as far as is known here, still
denies it to its rightful owner,
Bao Dai. This may appear to be a
small matter to the average
American. But it has created, and
still creates, bad feeling among
the natives.
The advance of the Viet Minh
troops has placed in their pos
session the whole area in the
north, recently evacuated by the
French troops. The Viet Minh ad
vance now has placed them 40
miles from the principal city of
Hanoi. The French are expected
to take their stand there. But
the forced departure of the French
troops from the blockhouses and
fortresses which guarded the bor
der, has brought the forces of Ho
Chi Minh to the borders of Thai
land and Burma.
They are not on those borders
in force yet. But communications
are all in their hands, and pres
sure could be brought to bear on
■ the peoples of those countries
without much trouble in the near
future.
On the Other Hand
Democratic Master Minds Afraid
Candidates Aren’t Scared Enough
By Lowell Mellett
This campaign gets more and
more curious. You are familiar
with the expression, “running
scared.’’ as applied to the candi
date who puts
everything he's
£ot into his
effort to be
elected on the
theory that
otherwise h e
may lose. Many
of the candi
dates for the
House and
Senate, repre
senting both
parties, are
running that
way this year.
Yet here in Lowt" Meiutt.
Washington some of the Demo
cratic master minds are sitting
scared, in the belief that some of
their candidates are not running
scared enough.
They remember how; it was two
years ago in the closing weeks of
i the campaign. Then they were
being besieged with letters, tele
grams, phone calls from candi
dates in all corners of the coun
try, asking for help, each candi
date seeming to consider his situ
ation more desperate than any
other. Many of the candidates
doubtless actually were surprised
when they found themselves
elected.
Few Appeals for Aid.
It's not like that this time.
Appeals for assistance are rela
tively few and conversations with
the candidates reveal more confi
dence than the master minds like
to see. The change since mid
summer has been so great that
tfce concern here in Washington
has to do with possible over-con
fidence. which, it is believed, had
something to do with the Repub
lican upset of '48.
In their own efforts to keep
the candidates worried and work
ing, the Democratic high com
mand is getting little co-opera
tion this year from the popular
opinion polls that played such
an interesting part in the elec
tion of two years ago. The scien
ONE NAME to remember
WWjtl YOU BUUSPI8IR IFS
I> J P J I I kj \ —J I J I S§
! ~ --
tific pulse feelers aren’t sticking
their necks out. not on a national
scale, although one has occa
sionally recorded the current
state of President Truman’s per
sonal popularity, finding that it
is bearing up well.
Reference was made the other
day to the fact that candidates
of both parties have been using
the votes of Vito Marcantonio,
radical New York Congressman,
as a sort of litmus test of an op
ponent’s Americanism. To the
degree that the candidate voted
as Marcantonio did in recent ses
sions of Congress, to that degree
he is called “red." To the degree
he voted the opposite way, he is
presumed to be true blue.
Find a Lot of Red.
So Republicans find a lot of red
in Democrats who voted along
with Vito on welfare measures,
and Democrats prove that Repub
licans have the hated color be
cause they joined the little New
Yorker in opposing the adminis
tration's anti-Communist foreign
policy. Vito has become an issue,
in this left-handed manner, even
as far away as California. There
the great burden of Representa
tive Richard Nixon’s campaign
against Representative Helen Ga
hagan Douglas for a seat in the
Senate is the alleged redness of
Mrs. Douglas. So Mrs. Douglas
is turning the tables by reading
! the roll call of Nixon votes that
parallel those of Marcantonio.
The handsome Congresswoman,
| incidentally, is said to be running
no worse than even with Repre
sentative Nixon, despite an almost
total lack of newspaper support
or even of newspaper publicity.
She is getting vigorous support
from national party spokesmen,
the latest of these being Joseph
Donohue, now a California hero
for his successful prosecution of
Harry Bridges. “In my opinion,”
Mr. Donohue declared in an ap
pearance on California television
sets this week, “there are few
people in America today who are
doing a more effective job of
thwarting and defeating Commu
jnists at home and abroad than
, Helen Gahagan Douglas.”
The most amusing twist given
the Marcantonio line thus far is
that in Ohio. Opponents of Sen
ator Taft are flooding the State
with a pamphlet “denying" that
he is a Red and printing the
roll call to show he voted with
| Marcantonio on foreign policy
! “only 85 per cent of the time.”
Complete Splection of *
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SERVING THE SERVICE FOR 31 YEARS
LOUIE
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—1 ...' * 1
I.._
Taft Now After Zeal
Keeps Up Campaign, Not to Win
Votes but to Get Voter to Polls
By Doris Fleeson
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Oct. 26.—
Senator Taft believes that a can
didate doesn’t attract new votes
in the closing weeks of a cam
paign, but that
he must con
tinue to pour It
on in order to
inspire his con
verts with the
zeal necessary
to get them to
the polls.
He has ap
parently worked
it here. Taft
supporters dis
cuss the elec
tion in terms of
a crusade, a
great volunteer Dorl* rie*,0B'
effort to get out the vote is under
way, especially among the women,
and the bandwagon psychology is
being exploited to the utmost.
Some quarters suggest that the
ballyhoo is perhaps being over
done and recall fearfully that the
high gloss of Thomas E. Dewey’s
1948 campaign created sympathy
for President Truman.
The labor leaders who have or
ganized, led and financed a thor
ough campaign directed at the
Taft record are tense, too. They
have got their people registered in
unusually large numbers. If they
can produce votes in like measure,
they are sure they will win.
In a last-minute drive for the
important farm vote, they are re
peatedly putting Murray Lincoln,
the anti-Taft registered Republi
can, who is important in the Farm
Bureau Federation, on the radio.
In 1944. Senator Taft came to the
cities with a 300,000 majority from
the rural areas; labor’s goal is to
cut that in half.
Farm Vote Is Puzzle.
Actually, the farm vote—as i
elsewhere in the Middle West—is1
a puzzle. The farmers aren’t com- j
plaining and it’s anybody’s guess
whether this contentment means
a return to Republicanism.
In another final irascible con
flict, the laborites are seeking to
make sure that Ohio’s new ballot
doesn’t lose them any votes.
For the first time, the State will
use the Massachusetts type ballot,
on which the offices are listed first,
no party symbols are used, and
it is necessary to make a separate
cross—or, with voting machines,
pull down a separate lever—for
each choice. The straight party
vote is thus eliminated and voting,
while more selective, is made more
difficult. Any change also is more
difficult for the voter the first time
around.
Fear Voters Will Tire.
The ballot in some cases does
appear formidable. For example,
in Cuyahoga County, a conscien
tious voter must make 46 crosses.
Here in Franklin County he can
get away with 23. In some places
there are also charter questions
on the ballot. Minor candidates
are groaning that most voters will
tire before getting to the offices
for which they are running.
What the Labor - Democratic
camp has asked for is a judicial
ruling that the voter can have
assistance in marking the ballot.
They admit frankly they have
straight party voters who are not
well educated and will find it hard
to conquer the new ballot alone.
This proposal is opposed by Re
publicans.
The new ballot will also irk that
large public both in and outside
Ohio which is eager to learn Mis
ter Republican’s fate. It is being
predicted here that, in the ab
sence of a landslide — which
neither side anticipates — the
Ohio returns cannot be had with
any finality until Wednesday
morning, perhaps Wednesday
noon.
(Released by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
On the Record
Step to Peace Gould Be Attained
By Neutralization of Germany
By Dorothy Thompson \
This column repeatedly has
warned that a Russian govern- j
j ment would not, and indeed could i
j not, permit the reconstruction in'
any form of a
: German Army
; in alliance
: with the At
lantic Powers.
Similarly, the
Atlantic com
munity should
not, and in
deed cannot,
tolerate the re
construction in
any form of a
German Army
in alliance
with the So- .
Viet Union. Dorothy Thompson. |
Either action, we have argued,
would lead to a general war. But
a step toward general pacifica
tion might be achieved by the
permanent neutralization of Ger
many, the unification of the
country on this basis, and with
mutual guaranties of non-inter
vention and German security, as
a permanent island* of peace be
tween the powers.
Protest Meets Denial.
Now the Western foreign min
isters have sent a formal protest’
to the Soviet government charg-i
ing that the Soviets are creating,
under the disguise of a police
force, a new German Army.
The Soviet government, in a
reply dated October 20, categori
cally has denied this, stating that
the East German peoples’ police
is so formed as to be in full con
formity with the directives of the
Potsdam Agreement.
The Soviets make a counter
charge that police formations in
the Western zones are, in fact,
military units, and that the West
ern powers openly envisage reviv
ing a German Army as well as
providing for the participation of
Western Germany in joint armed
forces.
The Soviet government con
cludes its note with the stark
statement, “The Soviet govern
ment will not tolerate such meas
ures of the governments of the
United States, Great Britain and
France.”
In short, this is the nearest
thing to an ultimatum yet issued
by the Soviet government.
At the last meeting of the West
ern foreign ministers in New
York, proposals to rearm Western
Germany—reportedly advanced by
the United States—were rejected
chiefly, according to reports, t)y
France. The question of the re
armament of Western Germany,
however, has been discussed copi
ously in the press and officialdom
of the West where the existence
of an East German army, com
posed of the police spearheaded
k
by mobile units or '‘Bereit
schaften,” is taken for granted.
Each Accusing the Other.
The attack of the North Korean
Army on the South Korean re
public pointed up the enormous
danger of a similar action in di
vided Germany where, it is
claimed, the same situation exists
—intense preparation in the East; i
defenselessness, except for Amer
ican, British and French units, in
the West.
In this exchange of notes, the
Soviet Union and the Atlantic
Powers each are accusing the
other of precisely the same thing.
If either or both accusations are
true, the Potsdam Agreement is
being violated. But the great ad
vantage in this airing of mutual
accusations is that they precede
action and throw the question
into the realm of ascertainable
fact.
This is, therefore, certainly an
issue that should be laid before
the United Nations immediately
as involving a possible threat to
the peace. The United States (or
France or Britain) immediately
should propose that a fact-finding
commission be sent to both zones
of Germany—with complete free
dom to move and interview per
sons at will—to ascertain without
prejudice the exact status of Ger
man rearmament in both zones,;
and the extent to which police
organizations in both zones com
ply with the Potsdam directives.
The test here is candor. Truth
can be tested only by the extent
to* which those who are accusing
each other are prepared to un
veil their actions to complete
light.
(Released hy the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
1
McLemore—
Finds Hurricane
Good for the Soul
By Henry McLemore
A hurricane is an unpleasmt
thing to go through, to say the
least, but one every once in a
while is good for the soul.
Honestly, I have a feeling that
the one we
had recently in
Florida was
sent by the
Lord to let
Floridians know
that life can’t
all be sunshine,
lolling on the
beach, picking
oranges in your
own backyard,
and watching
sheriffs connive
with gamblers.
When a wind
hits gale force, Henry McLemore
and then keeps on picking up
speed until it becomes a hurricane,!
it gives men and women a new
sense of values.
Very Likely to Worry.
When a man’s house starts tilt-,
ing so that the piano plays tag I
with him in the living room, he
is likely to worry about his own
skin, and the skins of those he1
cares about, and not about his
shares in Consolidated Solids, or
his alma mater’s ranking in the
national football standings.
When winds reach a spirited
gallop of 100 m.p.h., or better, and
start doing the things they do at
such a speed, a man realizes how
dependent he is on a lot of people
he ordinarily doesn’t think much
about. ? •
How long since you’ve stayed in
a house without electricity? Oh,
it’s terrible. For modem man the
hardship is comparable to any
thing suffered by the pioneers of
covered wagon days.
In fact, I believe I’d rather be
shot at by red Indians than grope
around a house w'ith a candle
that was constantly being blown
out, or w'hen it wasn’t out dripped
hot tallow all over me.
With the power off, the stove
wouldn’t work, the refrigerator
stopped refrigerating, the tele
phone was deader than Alexander
Graham Bell, and I couldn’t turn
on the radio to try to get the
cheerful news that somebody was
worse off than I was.
Neighbors Are No Help.
There was no such thing as
running over to a neighbor’s and
stealing a flashlight or a lantern,
for to poke your head out of doors
was to risk being blown to the
outskirts of Keokuk.
I have barked two or three
times since I got up this morning,
and I’ll tell you why. When we
Estate & Committee's Sale
FURNITURE
Groups and Odd Pieces
REFRIGERATORS-RADIOS
FIREPLACE FIXTURES
CHINA-ORNAMENTS-GLASS
Bv order Fannie Russell Andrews.
Committee: Washingtno Loan A
Trust Co.. Executor estate Deane C.
Howard and other Consignors.
BY AUCTION
at WESCHLER’S
905 E ST. N.W.
TOMORROW
commencing 9:30 A.M,
continuing until mid^afternoon
Groups for dinlnt. dinette, lirint
and bedrooms; twin and double
beds, eoil and box sprints, inner
sprint mattresses; china cases,
chests of drawers, dressers, utility
and kitchen cabinets; studio and
sofa beds, brass fireplace fixtures, D
tables, chairs and miscellaneous I
personal effects. p
had burned up every left-over
Christmas candle in the place we
decided to eat. It was as dark as
a chimney sweep’s ears but I
managed to open a can of corned
beef hash, which we ate cold, cov
ered with ketchup.
This morning the can of corned
beef hash was still on the pantry
shelf, but an empty can of dog
food was on the sink.
With the storm still going on
it was impossible to go to bed
because any second it might have
been necessary to put on our
water wings and head for dry
land.
Soon as normal service was
restored today I hopped to the
telephone and started calling. I
wanted to know how others fared
during the hurricane.
I could have slapped the faces
of those who told me they got by
with very little trouble.
Is that human nature, or is that
just me?
(Distributed by McNaught Syndicate. Inc.)
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