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Increasing cloudiness, high In mid-80s to day. Showers early tonight, low 50. Tomor row cloudy, cooler. iPull report on Page A-2.1 Midnight, 65 6 a.m. ___58 11 a.m. —71 2 a.m. 63 8 a.m. ...59 Noon-78 4 a.m. 61 10 a.m_66 1 p.m. _~81 Lotc New York Markets, Page A-31. Guide for Readers rm After Dark_B-20 Amusements B-22-23 Classified _—D-4-9 Comics_D-12-13 Editorial_A-22 Edit’l Articles..A-23 mwmm Finance __A-Sl Obituary_A-SO Radio.D-ll Sports_C-l-4 Woman’s Section_B-2-8 An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 806. Phone ST. 5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1950—SEVENTY-EIGHT PAGES. Rome Delivery, Monthly Ratee: evening and Sunday. $1.60; S' pTT'V’rpa evening only. $1.10; Sunday only. 45c: Might Final. 10c additional. ** \jjujx a ATTEMPTS TO SAVE TRAPPED GIs GIVEN UP __ . _ • I ; Truman Plotter Faces Execution; Puerto Rico Seizes Rebel Chiefs Move Smashed; Guard Bolstered At Blair House 8ecret Service Agents threw an 18-man guard around President Truman today as steps were taken for swift arraignment of the sur vivor in a two-man plot against the President's life yesterday. Although arrests continued in New York and Puerto Rico, Gov ernment officials said they were convinced that the conspiracy was local in nature and was completely equelched. One of the assassins. Griselio Torresola. of the Bronx, New York, died instantly in yesterday’s gun battle before the Blair House, temporary residence of the Tru emans. The other, Oscar Collazo, 37. also of the Bronx, was on the road to recovery from a bullet wound in the chest. Removed from Emergency to Gallinger Hospital for safekeeping under heavy guard, he was to be arraigned there this afternoon at 2 o'clock, by United States Attorney George Morris Fay and First Assistant United States Attorney John W. Fihelly. He was formally charged with murder last, night. Pnysicians said he was almost sure to recover and face trial for murder, punishable in the District by death in the electric chair. One Policeman Dead. Although arrangements outside courtrooms are rare, authorities said they saw no legal obstacles to conducting the hearing in Col lazo's ward, where he is being watched by four Government agents in a room with five or •ix other prisoner-patiehts. The assault on Blair House cost the life of one of five po licemen w’ho combatted the gun man and wounded two others. Both are now expected to recover. The two assassins, both Puerto Truman Feels 'Sick' Over Coffelt Slaying In Defending Him President Truman today scoffed at the thought that he was in any danger from the Puerto Rican revolu tionists who were shot down yesterday in an abortive at tempt on his life. “I wasn’t in any danger— never have been—but it was a terrible thing to have one of the finest fellows you ever knew murdered outright,” the President t-old reporters, in referring to Pvt. Leslie Cof felt. He added feelingly: "It just makes you sick.” "Puerto Rico,” the Presi dent continued, "has had the best treatment in this ad ministration it has ever had in its history. “They’ve got a free govern ment and their own govern ment.” Ricans, acted in the hope of first slaying President Truman and then precipitating a revolution in this country to abet the National ist cause of independence for Puerto Rico, Government officials said Collazo Admits Slaying Motive. Secret Service Chief U. E. Baughman quoted Collazo as say ing: “We came here for the ex press purpose of shooting the President.” Security further was strength ened around Collazo today when he was transferred by ambulance from Emergency to Gallinger where better guard facilities are available. Unshaven and his hair unruly, Collazo stared upward as he was (Bee SHOOTING, Page A-5.) Stories Related To the Shooting Picture Story of One Hour Yesterdoy at Bieir House. Poge A-7 (ketches of Men who Stopped Assassins at Blair House. Page A-8 Communists Express Their Party's Shock at Attack on Truman. Page A-3 Margaret Truman Is Upset But Doesn't Show It at Concert. Page A-3 Congress Told Two Months Ago of Rise i» Threats to Trumon. Poge A-5 Rookie Policeman Who Sewed in Nary Hos Narrow Escape. Poge A-3 Assassination Attempt Is First to Take jPloce ot White House. Page A-7 Who Is the Man Who Wrote the Letters Which Apparently Led the Assassins to Blair House? Page A-22 wit nesses Tell of Scampering to Safety During Shooting. Poge A-3 M. S. ond World Leaders Shocked at Attempt on President's Life. Page A-4 Collazo Tells of Plans to Kill Truman and Start Revolution By W. H. Shippen A detailed story of how he tried to shoot his way into the Blair House to assassinate President Truman and start a revolution to liberate his native Puerto Rico was given to interrogators today by Oscar Collazo, 37, of 173 Brook avenue, the Bronx. ■* Collazo was questioned at Emer gency Hospital last night when he revived from opiates administered by doctors treating him for a bullet wound in the left ahoulder. He was quizzed today In the jail ward at Gallinger Hospital, where he is under guard in a locked room with five other patients being held for police. The informal statements were taken by Secret Sendee agents and Washington homicide squad ! detectives in the presence of several witnesses. Collazo, how ever, has yet to make a formal | written statement and sign it. Officers who took Collazo’s voluntary statement gave this ac count of what he told them: He was born in Puerto Rico and ! came to this country with his par | ents at the age of two. He said in ; recent years he was employed as i a metal polisher in a New Rochelle (N. Y.) pocketbook manufacturing ! plant. Denies Communist Link. He denied that he was a Com munist and declared he met Gri selio Torresola only two weeks ago in the Puerto Rican colony of New York City. He said both were members of the Nationalist party of Puerto Rico and that they agreed that something should be done about their native country's effort to wdn its independence from the United ! States. After several conferences, he i said, the two ‘‘decided to take the | law into our own hands.” Collazo said Torresola bought ! two pistols, one a German Walther P-38 and the other a German Lu ger. He denied that he knew where his confederate got the guns. Used Assumed Names. The prisoner said Torresola gave him the P-38. The two then got on an afternoon train for Wash ington last Tuesday and arrived here at 7:30 p.m. They went to the Harris Hotel and pretended they were strangers to each other. They registered separately under assumed names and were assigned to different rooms. Collazo said he registered as An thony De Silva and his friend as Charles Gonzales. Yesterday after noon, they.met and took a taxi to seventeenth street and Pennsyl vania avenue N.W., shortly after 2 p m. Collazo walked up Pennsylvania avenue on the north sidewalk toward the Blair-Lee and Blair Houses and his companion walked up the sidewalk immediately in front of the White House. As Collazo approached the Blair House, his confederate crossed Pennsylvania avenue and arrived on the sidewalk behind him. Pistol Misfired on First Shot. Collazo said when he reached the guard box in front of the Blair House he pulled his auto matic and started to fire at a policeman. (This apparently was Officer Donald Birdzell.) Collazo said his pistol failed to fire on the first 6hot. He ejected the bad cartridge and emptied the clip at the guards. It contained nine additional shells. He said he put in a fresh clip and fired three shots from it. Most of his shots were directed at the officer who had run into the street to draw fire from Blair House, he said. The policeman dropped near the center of Pennsylvania avenue. He returned the fire from a prone position. Fired at Guard Box. Collazo said he then turned his gun on a m^a in the guard box at the Blair House. He was not sure if he hit this man. He didn’t know w'ho he was. The prisoner said neither he nor his companion was certain of the President's whereabouts at that time. They “just took a chance’’ that the President w'as in the Blair House, and they would encounter Mr. Truman there. Collazo denied that Pedro Al bizu Campos, leader of the Puerto Rican Nationalist extremists, had anything to do with his deter mination to kill the President. He and Torresola acted to seek independence in Puerto Rico be cause his native countrymen had been “enslaved” and the United States had made “tools” of Puerto Rican politicians. He pointed out repeatedly to questioners that America won its independence in the Revolution ary War. and it was his idea to start a similar revolution to lib erate his countrymen. Truman Goes for Usual Walk, Never Mentioning Gun Battle President Truman calmly went for his usual early morning walk today, showing no signs of worry about yesterday’s unsuccessful assassination attempt. Mr. Truman stepped out of the front door of Blair House at 7 a.m. and walked briskly down the canopied steps around w'hich guns were blazing only 17 hours earlier. Six Secret Service men closed in around the President as he reached the Pennsylvania avenue sidewalk, passing over the spot where police bullets dropped one of the two gunmen who had tried to shoot their way into the house j while he was taking an after lunch nap yesterday. Mr. Truman made no mention i of the incident. He walked down Pennsylvania avenue to East Ex ecutive avenue, turned south to circle the Washington Monument, walked back up West Executive avenue and turned into his White House office at 7:30 a.m. The President seemed to be the only one around not mindful of the fact that his life was in jeopardy yesterday—and might be again at any moment. Besides the Secret Service men walking with him, others trailed him in a slow-moving car. A panting group of newspaper reporters and photographers fol lowed along. The President told (See TRUMAN, Page A-4.) Nationalist, Red Leaders Arrested In Big Roundup By the Associated Press SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, Nov. 2 —Presidents of the Nationalist and Communist parties were locked up today in an island-wide roundup touched off by the Puerto Rican revolt and the attempt in Washington on the life of Presi dent Truman. Scores of others were falling into the government! net. Pedro Albizu Campos, president of the Nationalists, breathed de Complete Independence Is Goal of Puerto Rico Nationalists. Page A-4 fiance. Clad in blue pajamas and bedroom slippers, his face streaked with tears caused by police tear gas bombs used in his capture, the Nationalist leader insisted his role in the bloody events of this week i was a glorious one. The government, convinced that Communists helped spark the two day revolution in this island ter ritory of the United States, vowed to round up all important Com munists as well as Nationalists.! By noon they had 130 or more per sons in the net and the hunt was continuing. Red Link to Revolt Seen. i Gov. Luis Munoz Marin, the first elected chief executive of the; island, expressed himself as now! certain that the Communists were ! involved in the uprising. The at-! ! tack on President Truman in Washington, he said, made it clear, there was a connection “between these criminal Nationalist acts of the last few days and the Com munist policy in the world.” Albizu Campos was routed from his besieged home early this morn ing with tear gas bombs and sur rendered with his bodyguard. He staggered down from the second story of his home, tears stream ing down his face, screaming that; he had been blinded. But in jail, he recovered some of his composure, and when re porters came, he had this to say: “Greetings. I appreciate your visit. The fatherland is going through its glorious transfigura tion in complying with my his toric responsibilities. I believe It is my duty not to make any fur ther statements" Poses for Pictures. At first he refused to pose for pictures, but then he consented. The party strength of the Na : tionallsts is estimated at anywhere between 400 and 1,500 members, a minute proportion of the voters of the island territory whose people are United States citizens District Attorney Angel Viera Martinez said Albizu Campos is ; held for investigation. No charge will be filed until the investlga-' tion is complete. For a time after the arrest of! Albizu Campos, San Juan was vir tually under a state of siege, but the city gradually returned to normal this afternoon. Police had blocked roads in their hunt for ; Nationalists and Communists and required special police passes for those going through the lines. The Nationalist president had i been besieged in his home since Monday. ronce urm Leaders. i Albizu Campos and other Na tionalist and Communist leaders! were whisked to police headquar-! ters for intensive questioning. It was learned that some 600 Na-i tionalists and Communists in all were to be rounded up, 300 of them in the metropolitan San Juan area. Before noon, 130 Nationalists and Communists already had been rounded up, the police an nounced. A search of the Albizu Campos home, they said, un covered “numerous documents and lists,” three cases of ammuni- i l tion and three guns. The Govern ment predicted the roundup 1 would be completed within two ! days. Among those arrested were: The Communist Party presi dent, Cecil Andreu Iglesias. The Communist Party Secre tary, Juan Santos Rivera. The president of the General iSee PUERTO RICO, Page A-4.) 'A Strange Question/ Vishinsky Says When Asked About Shooting By the Associated Press NEW YORK. Nov. 2.— Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky was asked today if he had any comment on the attempted assassination of President Truman. Mr. Vishinsky looked at the newsmen, spread his hands in a gesture and said: “A strange question.” Then he walked on into the Assembly hall. It's an III Wind . . . j Virginia and Maryland Stand To Gain House Seats in Census 802,178 Final Total Population for D. C., With National Figure at 150,697,361 By Crosby S. Noyes Seven States including Mary land and Virginia stand to gain seats in the House of Representa tives and nine others will lose one or more of those they now hold as the result of the 1950 Census of Population, it was an nounced today. The final results of the 17th decennial count became official at Table of Official Population Figures by States and Regions. Page A-28 11 a m. when Secretary of Com-: merce Sawyer reported to Presi- j dent Truman that the population! of the United States was exactly 150,697.361, as of April 1 of this year. The total represents a growth of more than 19 million over the 1940 census—the largest population increase in the Na tion’s history. The final tabulation showed several significant changes from the preliminary totals announced: earlier. Among them was the population of the District which cracked the 800,000 mark, turning in a final total of 802,178 residents —several thousand above earlier tabulations. On the basis of the State count, (See CENSUS, Page A-6.) Three Puerto Ricans Seized in Collazo's New York Apartment One Arrested Identified As City's Leader of Nationalist Party BULLETIN NEW YORK UP).—Three men, one of whom is the self-pro claimed leader of the Puerto Rican nationalist movement in New York City, ."ere arrested by Secret Service agents today. They were seized at the apart ment of Oscar Collazo, one of the two men who tried to assas sinate President Truman. By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Nov. 2.—Mrs. Rosa Collazo, Bronx housewife whose husband tried to kill President Truman yesterday, was held in $50,000 bail today on a charge of> conspiracy in the assassination at tempt. The plump, 42-year-old Puerto Rican-born woman was arraigned before United States Commissioner Edward W. McDonald after ques tioning by Secret Service agents, j Lacking the bail money, she was placed in a cell. Her husband, 37-year-old Oscar Collazo, whom she described as a Puerto Rican revolutionist with: a burning zeal to gain the island's independence, was wounded in the gun battle outside the Presi dent's home. Mrs. Collazo was accused of conspiring with her husband and Griselio Torresola, who was slain in the assassination attempt, to (Continued on Page A-5, Col. 1.) Heat Wave's End Forecast Tonight With 15-Degree Dip The warm spell may bow out with scattered showers early to night ushering in a 15 to 20 degree drop in temperature by tomor row, the Weather Bureau pre dicted. The 83-degree November rec ord set in 1929 was broken by yes terday’s 85 degrees. A low tonight of about 50 was predicted, rising to about 65 to morrow. The District's Sanitation Divi sion, ever mindful of the coming winter, started placing rand boxes on heavily traveled streets despite the warm weather. The sand was placed at the foot of steep hills and other spots where ice may create a hazard. Connecticut G. 0. P. Hopes to Take Both Of Hot Senate Races Republicans Expected To Have Difficulty With McMahon, However By Gould Lincoln Star Staff Correspondent HARTFORD, Nov. 2.—Connec ticut is the prize package for which Republicans are striving in the present congressional cam paign. The State is electing two Sen ators next Tuesday and if the GOP candidates win, it will mean a gain of two Senate seats for the party. Both incumbents, Brien McMahon and William Benton, are Democrats. Senator McMahon, according to both Republicans and Demo crats, has a better chance of win ning than the two other topi candidates on the Democratic ticket. Gov. Chester Bowles, also running for re-election, and Sen ator Benton. The explanation ad vanced for this is that Senator! McMahon will get a lot of Re publican and independent votes. There appears justification for this supposition. Senator Mc Mahon has done many favors in Washington for Republicans, • See LINCOLN. Page A-3.> 40 Divisions by 1953 Is Atlantic Pact Goal For Western Europe Moch Reveals France Expects to Supply Half; Will Oppose Germans •y lh» Asiociated Preu French Defense Minister Jules Moch says the Atlantic pact na tions plan to have 40 divisions on ‘‘tha Western front” in Europe by 1953. He disclosed this goal last nighi during a news conference in which 15 Foreign Minister* Open Rome Porlej on European Army. Page A-2 he expressed the opinion that France will never drop its oppo sition to the inclusion of German military units as large as divi sions in Western Europe’s defense force. Mr. Moch told reporters that France will provide one-half of the ground units which the At lantic pact powers plan to station on Europe's Western front. He said that additional defense forces also are planned on Europe's Northern and Southern fronts. He gave no hint at the possible size of these forces. Predict* German Solution. Presumably the Western front would be primarily in Germany, the Northern front in Norway and Denmark and the Southern front in Italy. Mr. Moch expressed hope that the 12 Atlantic pact nations will be able to agree on a solution of the German rearmament question, despite the present deadlock be tween United States and French plans on that subject. Secretary of State Acheson predicted at an earlier conference that some way soon will be found to settle the issue. The French government wants to limit German military units to the smallest possible size. Mr. Moch personally favors the bat talion, including from 800 to 1,200 men. France wants such units incorporated in a European army, under a defense minister respon sible to a European assembly. The United States contends that divisions, up to around 20,000 (See DEFENSE, Page A-6.) George Bernard Shaw, 94, Dies; Century's Leading Playwright Frail Irish-Born Wit : Succumbs Peacefully After 26-Hour Coma By the Associated Press AYOT ST. LAWRENCE, Eng land, Nov. 2.—George Bernard Shaw, the century's most famous playwright, died today at the age of 94. The life of the frail old Irish-, born wit who massed a fortune by poking fun at the shortcom ings of this civilized age, flicked out at 4:59 a.m. (11:59 p.m.. EST,1 yesterday). A tumble in his garden Septem ber 10 while pruning a tree proved the undoing of the self-styled Na poleon of drama. He broke his left thigh bone and was taken to Luton Hospital to have the bones pinned together. A bladder ail (Continued on Page A-6, Col. 1.) GEORGE BERNARD SHAW. —AP Photo. Rescue of Yanks Fails in Reds' Suicide Sfand Troops Told to Escape; Some Already Succeed In Returning to Lines By th« Associated Press SEOUL, Korea, Nov. 2.—Ameri can cavalrymen tonight gave up a day-long fight to rescue the bulk of one 1st Cavalry Regiment surrounded by Communist forces in Northwest Korea. The trapped men were ordered to attempt a break-out on their own. They faced terrific odds— and grinning, furiously fighting Reds who turned captured Ameri can guns on the surrounded United States foot troopers. Some Americans already had escaped the trap. It was clamped shut last night by overwhelming Communist forces including Chi nese Red troops in strength. (The number trapped was not stated. A full-strength reg iment would be about 5,000 men, but casualties and escapes made, the number considerably smaller. A 1st Corps spokes man earlier mentioned the equivalent of a battalion, which would be about 1,000 men. Cut off Near Unsan. The regiment—one-third of the United States 1st Cavalry Divi sion—was cut off near a dry river bed 4 miles southwest of Unsan. This is the area where the Reds have made their strong est fight of the North Korean campaign. Unsan is <6 air miles north of Pyongyang, former Red Korean capital. Maj. Gen. Hobart R. Gay, di vision commander, said the regi ment had been “very badly hurt.’* A spokesman told Associated Press Correspondent Tom Lam bert the rescue team ran into a , “stonewall” of resistance. Americana who escaped the trapr 1 said there were many Chinese Reds in the enemy force. A Chinese prisoner said the Jforce included 3,000 Chinese Red ' soldiers. Chinese Termed “Crazy.” ... Correspondent Lambert, with , the division quoted an American j platoon sergeant as saying the I Chinese soldiers were “crazy.” The ! sergeant added: “They would stand right up in i front of you, laughing to beat .Hell. We killed them by the hundreds. Still they kept coming.’* That was a grim flashback to World War II banzai attack by ' drink-crazed Japanese. The Reds launched their attack at sunset against the 1st Cavalry Division's lead regiment. A spokes man said the regiment was spread out in a “pursuit situation.” Communist forces smashed at the Americans from the north, east and west. They were equipped with bazookas. Brown j ing automatic rifles, Thompson submachineguns • and “grease guns.” In two hours the escape road to the south was cut. Battle Rages All Night. The battle raged throughout the night. At daylight an Allied rescue team, including other 1st Cavalry Division units, set out on a rescue mission. It ran into heavy enemy Are at Yongsong, about 6 miles southwest of Unsan. Tank radios of the surrounded regiment, silent all morning, cama to life in the afternoon and di rected Allied w'arplanes in strikes at the enemy. But the rescue team could not break through. The Reds’ hot onslaught was their newest—and mightiest—in their redoubled fight to block ap proaches to the Korean-Manchuri an border. A United States 1st Corps spokesman said the situation was "very serious” in the entire north west sector. Mr. Lambert said the men who escaped were regrouping “in an atmosphere strikingly reminiscent of the early days of the Korean war when North Koreans were battering United States forces south of Seoul.” Many Amercans probably would never come back. There were the dead—one cavalry spokesman said the regiment had been decimated —and the wounded who would have trouble escaping. The Red offensive also had (Continued on Page A-6, Col. 6.) Featured Reading Inside Today's Star GENEROSITY IN ACTION—The teens can be a happy time, instead of a troubled one, for our boys and girls. The way to make it so is explained on Page 1-1. EUROPE'S SOFT UNDERBELLY—' Every man e sergeant" is the unspoken slogan as Italy trains its Army, Blair Moody reports from Rome in the latest of his Mediterranean area series on Page I-14.