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Mostly sunny today. Cloudy, cooler, some rain likely tonight and tomorrow. Low tonight near 50. (Full report on Page A-2.) Temperatures Today. Midnight, 63 6 a.m. 60 11 a.m. —.68 2 a.m. _.-64 8 a.m. 61 Noori_71 4 a.m. -._62 10 a.m. -—65 1 p.m. ___76 Late New York Markets, Page A-19. V Guide for Readers p»n Amusement — C-6 Classified B-2-9 Comics_D-12-13 Crossword_D-12 Editorial _A-10 Edit! Articles- A-ll rmtm Finance -A-19 Obituary _A-1Z Radio_D-ll Sports-C-l-4 Woman’s Sec._B-3-6 An Associated Press Newspaper_ 98th Year. No. 307. Phone ST. 5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1950—SEVENTY-FOUR PAGES. " ’ ’ ~ ' !— Rom* Delivery. Monthly Rates: Evening and Sunday, $1.80: ST f!T^NTS Evening only. $1.10; Sunday only. 46e; Night Final. lOo additional. ** J.VJ . 7 - Allies Struggle in Drenching Rain To Save Remnants of 2 Regiments In Red Trap in Northwest Korea U. N. Units Reel Under Enemy's Counterattack By the Associated Fress SEOUL. Korea, Nov. 3.—Allied forces struggled in a drenching rainstorm tonight to rescue rem nants of two trapped American regiments on the sagging United Nations line m Northwest Korea. The downpour hurt the Allies more than it did the resurgent Anti-Guerrilla Measures Get Top Priority in North Korea. Page B-12 Young Bride Learns Gl Listed as Wound ed by Error Is Now Dead. Page B-12 South Koreans Execute 27 for Hiding Reds. Page, A-6 U. N. Retains Initiative, Geh. MocArthur, Aide Declares. Page A-4 North Korean Reds and their Chinese Communist comrades. It meant potent U. N. airpower would be curtailed, if not stopped until the weather clears. A combined Chinese and Ko rean Red counterattack had sent the U. N. forces reeling back in virtually every sector of the flam ing Northwest front. The Reds, at one point, were only 47 miles north of their fallen capital of Pyongyang. Pulled Back 50 Miles. One American withdrawal—on the West Coast road—pulled a tank-led spearhead 50 miles back from its forward advance point 15 miles south of Red China’s Man churian border. After the downpour this evening. Allied forces neither advanced nor retreated. There was movement on the northwest front but Associated Press Correspondent Jack Mac Beth said United States 1st Corps spokesmen described it merely as “jockeying for position.” One unit of the South Korean 1st Division was reported in con tact with the enemy in the Unsan area. Army spokesmen did not elaborate. The Reds had dealt the Allies, serious blows throughout the area Much equipment was captured by, the Reds, including 13 American tanks. Marines on Offensive. Only United States Marines lm the northeast were on the of-1 fensi/e. And their thrust was blunted by a fierce Red encircling move. United States 8th Army head quarters called the situation "very serious.” A United States 1st! Corps spokesman said it was "not so good as ft could be and not as good as w-e would like it.” However, Gen. MacArthur’s spokesman in Tokyo described the main battle, around Unsan, as a large-scale enemy defensive ac-| tion and not a counteroffensive. Two United States Cavalry regi ments are cut off there. Sector Developments. These were the developments in the various sectors: West Coast—The United States 24th Division was forced to with draw as much as 50 road miles to Shong-Ju to avoid entrapment. British Commonwealth forces fell back there, too. The surprisingly strong Red counterattack in the Unsan area endangered their East ern (right) flank. Unsan Area—Elements of two United States 1st Cavalry Division regiments still were cut off south of Unsan, about 65 miles north of the captured North Korean capital of Pyongyang. The enemy knifed to within 2 miles of Kunu, .south of Unsan and 47 miles north of (Continued on Page A-4, Col. 1.) — Iran and Soviet Union Agree on Trade Pact By the Associated Press TEHERAN, Iran, Nov. 3.—Pre-j mier Ali Razmara announced to day that Iran and the Soviet Union have reached final agree ment on a $20 million barter trade treaty. Details will be kept secret until a formal announcement Monday. The trade pact was proposed by Russia last August as another step in the Soviet move to ease tefision on her Iranian border, which had heightened since the beginning of the Korean war. The agreement has been widely hailed by the leftist press here as a counter to the $25 million Amer ican loan to Iran recently ap proved by the Export-Import Bank. There were reports three weeks ago that Russia had threatened to break off the talks after Premier Razmara refused to allow the Russians to send in so-called trade experts to deal freely with Iranian merchants in the northern bor der provinces. Gen. Razmara reportedly stood firm and Russian Ambassador Ivan Sadchikov apparently dropped the demand. Gen. Razmara said the final details of the pact were ar ranged last night with Mr. Sad chikov. 1 I U. N. Approves Acheson's Plan For Veto-Free Peace System Soviet Amendments Aimed to Emasculate Resolution Lose by Big Majorities By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Nov. 3.—The United Nations General Assembly approved today Secretary of State' Acheson's plan for- a veto-free system of collective security on a world basis. Backers of the plan said i^ was designed to discourage any new Korean-type aggressions. It will prevent a freezing of U. N. peace preserving activities b'- a veto in the Security Council. The resolution calls l'or a peace patrol to check on the world’s troubled spots, the calling of emergency Assembly sessions on 24 hours’ notice and the ear-! marking and training of military units by member nations for U. N. use. By overwhelming majorities the Assembly voted down a series of Soviet amendments which would have emasculated the resolution. Earlier Canadian Foreign Min ister Lester B. Pearson criticized Andrei Y. Vishlnsky’s debating methods in the United Nations and told the Soviet Foreign Min ister, “This is the General As sembly and not a purge.” The Canadian referred to Mr. Vishinsky’s attack yesterday on American Delegate John Foster Dulles during the Assembly's de bate on the American-backed anti aggression program. Mr. Vishinsky called Mr. Dulles a warmonger and a falsifier of (See U. N., Page A-4.T French Forces Flee Their Last Important Red River Outpost Garrison Deserts Laokay, Heads for Area Occupied By Thai Tribesmen ly th« Associated Press SAIGON, Indo-China, Nov. 3.— The French have retreated from1 Laokay, their last fortress on their northwest frontier with Red China, a spokesman announced today. The garrison of about 1.200 Senegalese and Algerians from! -1 India Hints Tibetans Will Not Go to Peiping Unless Invasion Stops. Page A-8 Africa and Indo-Chinese colonial forces began pulling out Wednes day and completed evacuation of the important outpost on the Red River, 150 airline miles north west of Hanoi, yesterday. The troops were said to be making a fighting retreat toivard the west into mountainous coun try occupied by Thai tribesmen. Ho Chi Mmh's Moscow-backed Viet *Minh rebels were harassing the rear guard, but the withdrawal was reported to be progressing successfully. Mists Prevent Air Cover. Mists of the rainy season, how ever, blocked the French Air Force ! from furnishing the planned air cover for the retreat. A steady parade of warplanes roared off from Hanoi Air Base Wednesday, but fog grounded all planes by j yesterday. j-.aoKay nas Been isolated for months except for an airlift, and recently had been under a menac ing encircling attack by Commu nist-led guerrillas. Abandonment of the outpost had been predicted unofficially since the French began pulling back from their frontier line in Sep tember. But French officials had repeatedly denied any intention of giving it up. Today the withdrawal was de scribed as part of the general strategy of pulling in defense lines to hold the populous Red River delta and give French forces greater mobility to meet of i fensive threats. All major posts on the Chinese frontier except Moncay and Dinh lap on the eastern end of the line have now been surrendered. Retreat Dangerous Operation. Military observers regarded the retreat of the Laokay garrison as a delicate and dangerous opera tion. But the garrison was be lieved to have a better chance of escape through the mist-shrouded valleys and towering mountains than did the Caobang garrison, which was caught in a fatal en circlement several weeks ago ^rhile on the march. I The Thai people are considered more loyal to the French union ; than most Viet Namese The retreat was believed point ed southwest to Laichu, 60 miles from Laokay. Thence the column could continue toward T C''s, an other kingdom of the French Union, or turn southeast toward French lines north of Hanoi. The surrender of Laokay shrinks French frontier defenses to a 100-mile line anchored on ! Moncay on the Gulf of Tonkin, and leaves three of the four major j communication routes from Red China in the hands of Ho’s Viet Minh rebels. Late News Bulletin Chest Past Half-Way Mark The Washington area Com munity Chest drive passed the half-way mark today with new subscriptions of $275,000, bring ing the grand total to $2,182,474 —51 per cent of the $4,260,000 I goal I New York Campaign Is Biggest Puzzler 011950 Elections Impellitteri Candidacy And Hanley Letter Make Results Hard to Figure By Gould Lincoln Star Staff Correspondent NEW YORK, Nov. 3 —Prize Jig saw puzzle of the 1950 political campaign is New York. Try t® fit together the follow ing items and incidents, and come up with the right answer: 1. Gov. Dewey’s campaign for a third term to continue clean government. 2. The now widely known Han ley letter, written to Republican Representative W. Kingsland Macy, which the Democrats claim shows Gov.'Dewey a participant in a deal to “buy off” Lt. Gov. Joe R. Hanley, at the time a leading candidate for the Republican gubernatorial nomination. 3. The Impellitteri independent candidacy for mayor of New York which may cost the Democratic senator, Representative Walter A. 'Lynch and Senator Herbert Leh i man, many votes in the city which S is the chief Democratic strong hold. 4. The charges levelled by Gov. Dewey against his Democratic op ponent, that Mr. Lynch had shared with a law partner $134,000 in dividends from an oil company without paying “one dime in in come taxes,” and that Mr. Lynch sponsored in Congress legislation which would save speculators in stocks $575,000,000 in Federal taxes. 6. Senator Lehman’s letter to Alger Hiss, written when the lat ter first came under serious inves tigation, expressing sympathy and friendship. 6. The investigation into graft and racketeering in Brooklyn, in volving the New York police, which former Mayor and now Am bassador William O’Dwyer called a “witch hunt,” but has since turned up a lot of pay dirt, with Acting Mayor Vincent Impellit teri urging it on. Mayor’s Race Exciting. Of all these, the Impellitteri drive for the mayoralty is causing the greatest excitement and the most mystification in the big city. It’s the talk of the town, with the races for Governor and Senator pushed into the background. The Acting Mayor, who suc (Continued on Page A-5, Col. 5.) Belief Growing That 2 Assassins Were Inspired' Probers Appear to Be Breaking Down Collazo's Story Federal agents in Washington. jNew York and San Juan today appeared to be breaking down a | Puerto Rican terrorist’s story that he and a lone accomplice were solely to blame for the bloody at tempt to assassinate President Truman here Wednesday. Neither Secret Service agents nor Metropolitan police homicide President Shares Grief of Widow Whose Husband Died Defending Him. Page A-3 Truman Sums Up Assassination Attempt os All So Unnecessary. Page A-2 squad detectives are satisfied with Oscar Collazo’s statements that he and another Puerto Rican from New York had no help when they located the President in the Blair House and sought to blast their way inside with automatic pistols. It is generally believed that Col-i lazo and Griselio Torresola, whose bullet-pierced body remained un ; claimed at the District Morgue j today, were inspired by the violent i tactics of Puerto Rican National ists. 1 However, the wounded Collazo. | being held at Gallinger Hospital, for the murder of White House Policeman Leslie Coffelt, continues to deny that any fellow members of the Nationalist Party furnished them with information, plans or: money. He bad $76 in his wallet when shot near the Blair House: steps. Torresola's Widow Caught FBI agents and New York police were holding Torresola’s 22-year old widow, who - disappeared | from her hotel shortly after the arrest on conspiracy charges oi Collazo's wife, Rosa, 42, another ; Nationalist. In Puerto Rico up i to 400 arrests of Nationalists and Communists had been made The Department of Justice, it was learned today, has called up on the FBI to sift all political phases of the case in an effort to determine if the abortive as : sassination attempt is linked to a Puerto Rican Nationalist move- j ment in this country or Puerto1 ! Rico. | At the same time. United States, Attorney George Morris Fay said j he and his assistants would try to j present their first-degree murder !case against Collazo to the grand jury next week. The District code would hold Collazo guilty if con ! victed under the circumstances, (See SHOOTING, Page A-3.) $18,000 Taken From Safe At Coca-Cola Plan! Here The vault at the Coca Cola plant, 400 Seventh street S.W., was looted of at least $18,000 last night, Manager Frank A. Noel re ported to police today. Apparently opened by the com bination, the big safe yielded that amount in bills,-taken from money bags, but an undetermined amount of change, also in bags, was un touched, police 6aid. Police broadcasted a lookout for a cashier who has been with the film 15 years, but who failed to report for work today. Woman's Transplanted Kidney Found to Be Functioning Partly By th« Associated Press CHICAGO, Nov. 3.—A dead woman’s kidney transplanted ' June 17 into the body of a once | doomed woman is functioning, the surgeons who performed the unprecedented operation reported ! today. Their tests indicated, however, that its activity is below par. And they added that conclusions ‘‘are necessarily withheld until there is more evidence of the perma | nency of the graft.” The operation that may bring medical science to a new frontier —the successful transplant of whole human organs—was de-' scribed in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The “human guinea pig,” Mrs. Howard Tucker, 44, reported to day she feels "fine” and is able to carry on her usual household activities. Ten weeks after the operation she was able to take a 300-mile automobile trip to at tend a convention. For a week she participated freely in ban quets, dancing and other conven tion activities. .The doctors said other inves-1 tigators in this work have re ported there is no fundamental reason why organ transplantation should not ultimately become a practicable undertaking. “At this stage the matching of donor and host is not completely worked out,” they said, “but ef forts to match more closely donor and host by tissue-typing are being made with excellent results by workers at Presbyterian Hospital in Chicago.” In the kidney graft, the doctors made an effort to match tissue. The donor, a 49-year-old woman of the same blood type and physical build, had died 12 min utes earlier from a liver disorder. Mrs. Tucker was suffering from a progressive polycystic kidney conditions that had destroyed function in her left kidney and made her right kidney 90 per cent useless. Mrs. Tucker’s own right kidney kept her alive during the surgery. In subsequent tests a dye was injected into Mrs. Tucker’s blood stream. It showed the grafted kidney has taken hold and is working. I President Walks to Hospital To Visit 2 Wounded Guards ♦ __ Will Attend Rites At Arlington for Slain Police Private President Truman today visited two White House guards wounded in Wednesday's attempted assas sination at Blair House and made plans to attend the funeral of a third guard slain in the gun fight. Services for Pvt. Leslie Coffelt.l 40-year-old guard wno lost hte life in the Pennsylvania avenue; gun battle, will be held at the Port Myer Chapel at 11 am. to morrow. Burial will be in Arling ton Cemetery. President and Mrs. Truman will attend the rites before the Presi-i dent leaves for St. Louis where, i with security tightened, he is to make a political speech calling _<See FAMILIES. Page A-3.)_ Capital Transit Shifts Car Stop Near Blair House A busy street car transfer point was shifted from the immediate vicinity of the Blair House today in an ob vious effort to reduce rush- | hour crowds near the Presi dent’s temporary residence. Westbound passengers, probably beginning this after noon, will transfer to busses at Madison place, instead of at the former stop on Penn sylvania avenue just east of Jackson place. Stops for three connecting bus lines will remain in Jack son Place, north of the ave nue, the Capital Transit Co. announced. ■ ...—' '■ Widow of Assassin Seized in New York; Jury Probe Indicated Mrs. Torresola Is Taken Into Custody After FBI Finds Relief Rolls Clue By the Associated Press NEW YORK. Nov. 3.—Mrs. Car men Torresola, 21-year-old wife of Griselio Torresola. the slain assassin, was taken into custody last night, it was learned today. The young woman had been the object of an intensive FBI Arrest of 650 or More Expected in Puerto Rico. Poge A-5 search since her husband was felled by gunfire when he tried to storm Blair House in an attempt to kill President Truman Wednes day. It was reported Mrs. Torresola, who was taken to the Federal Women’s House of Detention, may be charged with conspiracy to in jure the President. Authoritative sources said that Mrs. Torresola was taken into cus today at 9 p.m. last night at her home. 202 West 103rd street. She was listed at the house of deten tion as Mrs. Carmen Otero, but there was no immediate explana tion for the discrepancy in namos. Traced Through Relief Rolls. The attractive young widow dis appeared yesterday along with her 6-month-old daughter. She van ished a few hours before FBI agents, tracing her through city relief rolls, went to the Torresola home to question her. What became of the woman's infant daughter was not learned immediately. Brought to the United States (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.) U. S. to Continue Opposing Seating Red China in U. N. By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, Nov. 3.—An American delegate said today the United States will continue to op pose seating Communist China in the United Nations. Ernest A. Gross so informed a U N. subcommittee. Other Amer ican sources reported the United States was deeply concerned over reports of Chinese Communist participation in the Korean fight ing. These sources said Washington does not have enough information on the reports to decide yet whether to bring the matter up in the Security Council. Mr. Gross made his statement to a subcommittee of the Special Political Committee studying the question of Chinese U. N. repre sentation. x $10,000 Fire Damages Cafe on Capitol Hill; Suspect Is Arrested Police Fire Eight Shots Before Capturing Youth With Money Bag The arrest of a 22-year-old dishwasher today after a hot chase during which police fired eight shots, led to the discovery that a $10,000 fire had been set deliberately in a Southeast res taurant an hour earlier. William Henry Harris, jr„ a col ored dishwasher who had been employed by Rector’s Restaurant for the past three years, was under arrest, was charged with house breaking, arson, and assault with a dangerous weapon on a police man, according to Detective Sergt. William W. Friel of the police safe squad. The dishwasher’s father, Wil liam Henry Harris, also was under arrest. He was charged with re ceiving two bottles of whisky al legedly stolen from the restaurant. The elder Harris’ address was given as the 500 block of D street S.E., while that of his sbff was listed as the 2100 block of New port place N.W. Mrs. Cookson, who has lived in the apartment over the restaurant ; for 20 years, was awakened by radiator noises. The series of events kept police and firemen hopping from 2 a.m. to daybreak. When it was all over and they had a chance to take a breath, things stood like this: Rector's Restaurant, 149 Inde pendence avenue S.E., suffered more than $10,000 damage and “only a miracle” prevented the place from blowing up. Firemen said the arsonist had opened gas jets in the kitchen before setting the fire in the basement. Four firemen were overcome by gas and smoke fumes and two were still in the hospital this morning. An elderly couple, Mr. and Mrs. William Cookson, had a narrow escape when they awoke in the night and were forced to flee down smoke-filled stairs from their apartment over the restaurant. Mrs. Cookson said the radiators were red hot and she realized something was wrong. She opened the door leading into the (See FIRE, Page A-5.) Whirlwind Hits Singapore SINGAPORE, Nov. 3 (IP).—A whirlwind struck the northeastern part of Singapore Island today, injuring 72 persons and making 200 families homeless. A 10-year old boy was lifted into the air and dropped into a canal, where a passerby rescued him. Andrew Howard, Jr., Prosecutor's Aide, Appointed Judge Gets Municipal Court Position Left Vacant By Smith's Death President Truman today named Andrew J. Howard, jr., colored, Assistant United States Attorney to be an associate judge of Mu nicipal Court. He will succeed Judge Emory B. Smith, who died at the outset of his 10-year term. The appoint ment will be subject to Senate confirmation and the formal nom ination will be sent to the Capitol after Congress resumes. The new judge has been serving as a Municipal Court prosecutor since 1942. He will be the second colored judge on the present bench, the other being Judge Ar mond W. Scott. Mr. Howard, 53, was bom at Alcorn College, Miss., where his father, the late Andrew J. How ard, was president. Came Here in 1916. Mr. Howard first came to Washington in 1916 to attend Howard University. He was a stu dent for two years, and then ill health forced him to drop his schooling. He went to Denver, ANDREW J. HOWARD, Jr. —Star Staff Photo. where he ran a butcher shop for eight years. Therf he returned to Washing Iton, took a job as a messenger in the Justice Department and continued his schooling at night. He received his law degree from Howard University in 1930. Judge Howard continued at the Justice Department until 1938, when he set up a law office at 512 Fifth street N.W. He was appointed to the United States attorney’s office here in 1942 and assigned to duty in Municipal Court. He has been at the Municipal Court ever since, and until his appointment was (See JUDGE, Page A-4.) Indian Plane Carrying 48 Feared Crashed in Alps By the Associated Press GENEVA, Switzerland, Nov. 3. —An Air India Constellation plane carrying 40 Lascar seamen and a crew of eight was long overdue here today on a flight from Bom bay to London, and may have crashed in an Alpine snowstorm. A spokesman for the line in London said the four-engined plane, chartered by a British shipping firm, was bringing the Lascar (East Indian) seamen to Britain to join a cargo ship. Airport officials estimated the plane had only enough fuel to keep it aloft until 2:30 p.m. GMT (9:30 a.m. EST). Authorities at Geneva Airport said the plane left Cairo at 1 a.m. GMT on a non-stop flight to Geneva, where it was due at 10:30 a.m. > Board of Trad? To Request D. C. Reorganization Bill Being Prepared For Presentation to Congress in January The Washington Board of Trade is working on a bill calling for a reorganization and streamlining of the present District Govern ment to be introduced when the 82d Congress convenes in January, it was learned today. The bill, whose details are still to be worked out, presumably will call for a shakeup of Washing ton’s complicated system of mu nicipal bureaus, boards and agen cies in an effort to increase effi ciency, cut expenses and avoid duplication of effort. No Home Rule Issue. The bill will not call for home rule in the sense of an elected city government. As described by Trade Board President Thornton W. Owen, it will aim at reform of the present commissioner form of government. However, Mr. Owen has expressed the conviction of the Board of Trade that "the time has come to adopt a more posi tive approach to the entire prob lem of home rule.” In the past, the Trade Board has opposed various bills provid ing for a popularly elected gov ernment here, while supporting the drive for national represen tation of District citizens in Con gress. The fight for a constitu tional amendment to send a District delegate to the House will be pushed vigorously during this session of Congress, Mr. Owen said. Tax Survey Launched. Speaking yesterday to the Washington Junior Chamber of Commerce, Mr. Owen said his organization has also launched a thorough study of the District'* Sales and Compensating Use Tax, in search of possible inequities in its operation since the tax be came law last year. The study is being made by the board’s municipal research and tax de partment, he said. Following the elections next Tuesday, plans will get under way for the biennial dinner for newly elected members of Con gress to be held in the Hotel Statler January *, Mr. Owen said. He added that the program in augurated in 1945, has proved ' valuable in bringing about a more cordial relationship between con gressmen and District citizens. : U.S. Credit to Argentina To Be Signed This Week i By th« Associated Press A formal agreement which will put into operation a $125 million credit to Argentina from the United States Export-Import Bank is due to be signed here this week. Two representatives of Argen tine banks arrived today to com plete the arrangements. The credit is designed to per mit Argentina to repay a backlog of commercial debts owed to American exporters. Quake in East Indies Felt Through Orient By fh« Associated Press Violent earth shocks felt over a wide area of the Orient yester day indicated an earthquake of major proportions has struck an I area of the East Indies, possibly ! somewhere in the vicinity of Timor. Shocks were reported from points as far apart as Darwin, Australia, and Hwa-Lien, Formosa, ! about 2,400 miles away. The Riverview Observatory at Sydney placed the center of the ! disturbances 2,300 miles north east of Sydney in the Banda Sea area. This would be in the vicinity of Timor, in Indonesia. The force of the shocks damaged seismographs at Jakarta (Indonesia) Central Meterological j Observatory. The observatory | said the readings were thus in j adequate, but indications were jthat the center of the quake was in the neighborhood of New Guinea. About 600 miles separates New Guinea and Timor in the Indies. Between the two is Amboina, scene of a violent earthquake and tidal wave October 8. The shocks in Darwin shook buildings in the city and else where in Northern Australia, but no serious damage was reported. Featured Reading Inside Today's Star VANISHING VOTERS—Politicians art up against a downward trend in voting when they call for a record turn-out next Tuesday, Crosby S. Noyes of The Star reports in reviewing census figures on balloting on Page A-10. EUROPE'S SOFT UNDERBELLY—Italy's middle-of-the-road government , is caught between the need to rush re forms and the pressure of practical politics, Blair Moody discovers as he continues his Mediterranean ^series on Page B-8.