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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 21, 1950, Image 6

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a.
Downey to Let Nixon
Take Seat on Nov. 30,
Giving Him Seniority
Senator-elect Richard M. Nixon
of California will get seniority over
six, and possibly seven, other new
Republicans as a result of the de
cision of Democratic Senator
Downey to let Mr. Nixon take his
seat November 30 instead of Janu
ary 3.
Senator Downey did not try for
another term this year, and would
have stepped out of the Senate at
noon January 3. His generous of
fer to resign a month earlier will
mean a great deal to Mr. Nixon in
later years, since the Senate at
taches so much importance to
seniority in picking its leaders.
Mr. Nixon defeated Representa
tive Helen Gahagan Douglas, the
Democratic senatorial nominee, on
November 7, but under normal
circumstances would have begun
his term simultaneously with six
other new Republicans in Jan
uary.
May Also Outrank Carlson.
The are Senators-elect Dirk
sen of Illinois, Duff of Pennsyl
vania, Butler Maryland, Case of
South Dakota, Bennett of Utah
and Welker of Idaho.
Republican Gov. Frank Carlson
of Kansas is eligible to take his
Senate seat on November 27,
when the lame-duck session of
this Congress starts, because he
is filling out an unexpired term.
He has indicated to friends here
that he may not be able to come
to Washington until early in De
cember. If he waits that long
Mr. Nixon may also outrank him
in seniority.
Charles Watkins, veteran par
liamentary expert of the Senate,
said today that when a man is
appointed to the Senate his sen
iority starts from the day of his
appointment, and dispatches from
California report that Republican
Gov. Warren will appoint Mr.
Mixon as soon as Senator Downey
resigns.
Action Has Precedents.
Senator Downey’s action is not
: without precedent. The most re
cent similar case was in 1946
when former Democratic Senator
Hugh Mitchell, now a member of
the House, resigned from the
Senate on December 25 to let
Senator Harry Cain, Republican,
get the seniority benefit of taking
office before other newcomers in
January, 1947.
Back in 1933 the late Democratic1
Senator Hawes of Missouri, did:
the same thing to help his Demo
cratic successor, Bennett Champ
Clark. Former Senator Clark is
now a judge on the District of
Columbia Court of Appeals.
Two of the incoming Republican
; Senators — Case and Dirksen —
I have had service in the House.
Mr. Case still will be a member
of the House during the coming
short session. When a group of
new men enters the Senate at the
i same time, they are given senior
ity credit for former public serv
ice in the following order: 1, ex
Senators; 2, ex-Representatives,
and 3, ex-Governors. When sev
eral men with no prior public
service are sworn in the same day,
their seniority for committee as
signment is determined by draw
ing. Mr. Nixon also is a present
House member, but Senator Dow
ney’s move will give him Senate
seniority over other House mem
bers sworn in as Senators in Jan
uary.
Philippines Recalls
Commander in Korea
By th« Associated Press
MANILA. Nov. 21.—Lt. Col.
Mariano C. Azurin has been re
lieved as commander of Philip
pine forces in Korefa and ordered
home.
Defense Secretary Ramon Mag
saysay said today he took the
action after consultation with
Gen. MacArthur’s headquarters,
President Qulrino and Maj. Gen.
Mariano N. Castaneda, Philip
pine Army Chief of Staff.
“The relief of Col. Azurin was
wholly a Philippine action,” Mr.
, Magsaysay stressed in an inter
view.
He said Lt. Col. Dionisio Ojeda,
a United Nations observer, will re
place Col. Azurin. Col. Ojeda was
promoted today from the rank of
major.
Until Col. Ojeda reaches the
1,200 troops, Lt. Col. Gamaliel
i Manikan, former executive officer
of the Philippine 10th Battalion
Combat Team, will be in com
mand.
Girl Leaps to Her Death
In Mountain Crevasse
By th. Anociat.d Pr.<»
GARMISCH - PARTENKIRCH
EN, ^Germany, Nov. 21.—A girl
jumped to her death today in a
I 260-foot-deep crevasse from near
' the top of Germany’s highest
mountain.
German police said the 23-year
old girl, whom they did not name,
committed suicide presumably in
a fit of lover’s grief. Her jump
was observed by customs officials
from a mountain hut on the 9,700
foot-high Zugspitze.
Phhups
MILK OF MAGNESIA
THE SCENE IS A HOTEL LOBBY—Reno, Nev.—Grinning guests
wade through Truckee River flood waters in the lobby of the
plush Riverside Hotel here today. The water did untold damage
to hotels, business houses and private homes within two blocks
of the river on each side. —AP Wirephoto.
Floods
(Continued From First Page.)
45.7 feet at 8 a.m.—almost 8 feet
above flood stage and a new high.
But upstream at Folsom, the
Weather Bureau said, the river
was starting to recede after re
maining at a record 29.7-foot crest
for four hours. The heavy rain
in the hills had stopped and theie
was little more than a drizzle
there in the city.
The big Sacramento River, ^ith
its elaborate flood control facilities
in full operation, was running at
29.5 feet at Sacramento and rising
very slowly. Its danger point Is
above 30 feet.
More Rain Predicted.
The Weather Bureau at San
Francisco predicted “moderate to
heavy rain" for the High Sierra
today—the ninth straight day of
storms.
Reno, gaudy little city of
casinos and quickie divorces,
reeled under the Impact of the
flood. Muddy water raced through
the business district in a stream
three blocks wide, sweeping trees,
benches, cars in its rage.
The plush Riverside Hotel had
5 feet of water on its main floor.
The ultra swank Mapes Hotel’s
basement was flooded to the. ceil
ing. A 6-foot wall of water was
kept out of the lobby by sand
bags. Merchants reported thou
sands of dollars of damage to
Christmas merchandise stored in
flooded basements.
Highways Washed Out.
United Air Lines scheduled a
special plane to evacuate strand
ed travelers, but canceled it be
cause only two wanted out.
Both main highways to Cali
fornia, 40 and 60, were washed
out in places across the Sierra.
They were blocked by slides in
others.
Washouts between Reno and
Truckee, Calif., disrupted trans
continental rail traffic through
the divorce capital. Eastbound
trains were held at Truckee and
westward. Westbound trains were
held at Sparks, Nev.
However, Southern Pacific Rail
way crews expected to restore
washed-out roadbed today.
The Nevada National Guard
was called out to prevent looting
and keep residents from danger
zones.
All of the city’s eight bridges
across the Truckee were complete
ly under water.
Two big sewer mains over the
river on the east side of Reno
were broken.
Two Dead In Reno.
One man died as a result of the
Reno flood. He suffered a fatal
heart attack while attempting to
save the stock in the basement of
a department store threatened by
rising water.
The biggest threat in California
was in the Sutter-Yuba County
area. Dikes along the flooding
Bear River broke, sending streams
of water into the towns of Ham
monton and Marigold.
Sheriff’s officers reported a
number of Hammonton residents
had huddled in the upper stories
of an office building there. They
were in no immediate danger.
In the Marigold district scores
of persons were stranded on gold
dredging piles along the river.
They were reported to be safe. No
casualties were reported in the
Hammonton-Marigold area.
The current was too strong for
boats to maintain rescue opera
tions.
Full Equality Asked
In Western Defense
By German Socialist
By th« Associated Press
STRASBOURG, Prance, Nov.
21.—Karl Mommer, German So
cialist, demanded complete equal
ity with other nations as the price
of participation in joint Western
European defense at the General
Affairs Committee of the Euro
pean Consultative Assembly today.
Persons present at the closed
committee session of the unoffi
cial parliament said Mr. Mom
mer asserted Western Germany
must have complete political, eco
nomic and military equality with
in a real European organization
before she could contribute man
power to defense.
These informants explained that
by military equality he meant
German units in a European
army must be on an equal footing
with those of other nations,
though not necessarily in equal
numbers.
Want Defense on Elbe.
He declared “We want Europe
defended on the Elbe, not on the
Rhine. We do not want Germany
to become a scorched earth.”
Backed by his party’s victories
in state elections in Hesse and
Wuertemblrg-Baden last Sunday,
Mr. Mommer criticised the project
for *a European army presented
by Duncan Sandys, British Con
servative. German Socialists have
opposed raising a new German
army until the West has massed
enough troops to defend Western
Germany from any Soviet attack.
The Sandys project, still offi
cially a secret document, is re
ported to stress linking the
projected European army to the
Atlantic pact as a basis for com
mon defense. It would give con
trol of the army to the various
national defense ministers at pres
ent, rather than to a European
defense minister.
Purchasing Pool Proposed.
British Laborites and European
Socialists called on the United
States yesterday to help set up
an Atlantic purchasing pool to
beat down soaring living costs.
They framed a proposal for the
Assembly urging quick joint ac
tion by the Western governments
to slash commodity prices by bulk
buying.
British Laborite Maurice Edel
man, who helped draft the pro
posal said booming living costs
caused mainly by Western re
armamment “throw open the door
to communism.”
Richmond-New York
Flight Sets Record
By th« Associated Press
NEW YORK, Nov. 21.—Aided
by an 80-mile-an-hour tail wind,
the pilot of an Eastern Air Lines
twin-engine DC-3 flew the 293
miles from Richmond, Va., to La
Guardia Field yesterday in one
hour and 12 minutes air time.
The usual schedule for the flight
is an hour and 55 minutes.
The flight was said to be a rec
ord for this type of plane for the
company between these two cities,
but a spokesman for the airline
said no cc mparative flight times
were available.
The company representative
said that the plane averaged 244
miles an hour.

Baptist Convention
Adopts 1951 Budget
Totaling $176,500
The annual meeting of the Dis
trict Baptist Convention today
adopted a budget of $176,500 for
the coming year.
The budget will be allocated as
follows: District Baptist Conven
tion, $78,900; American Baptist
Convention and Southern Baptist
Convention, each $34,450, and for
joint administration and opera
tion fees, $28,700.
The meeting, 74th session of the
District Convention, also voted to
try to raise $84,000 above the
$176,500 voted. If the funds are
raised, they will be allocated as
follows: Church establishment.
$7,500; development of assembly
grounds, $6,500; obligation pay
ments, $10,000, and for the Amer
ican Convention and Southern
Convention, $5,000 each.
Debts May Be Wiped Out Soon.
George B. Fraser, treasurer, told
the gathering at Chevy Chase
Baptist Church that the debt on
the District Baptist Headquarters
Building at 1628 Sixteenth street
N.W. will be completely wiped out
within a few months. Mr. Fraser
noted that at this time last year
a debt of $56,000 was owed on
the building. The amount due
now is $2,066.
The treasurer also reported that
a total of $252,315 was raised dur
ing the past year for all purposes
of the local convention.
Dr. N. Chandler Stith, executive
secretary of the District Baptist
Convention, told the gathering this
morning that more than $2 mil
lion has been spent during the
past year by Washington Area
Baptist churches on new buildings
or renovation of old buildings.
He said further that both in
individual churches and in the
convention as a whole there has
been a consistent gain in member
ship and financial support.
Speakers Listed.
Tonight’s meeting will be ad
dressed by Dr. Wilbour E. Saun
ders of Colgate-Rochester Divinity
School and Dr. Everett Gill of the
Foreign Mission Board, Southern
Baptist Convention.
Dr. Clarence W. Cranford, pas
tor of Calvary Baptist Church,
told the gathering last night that
"if merely adding members to our
churches is our goal, our evangel
ism will fail. Our mission is to
carry the message to every per
son but we must work for a deep
ening of our commitment. The
trouble with the church in Amer
ica since the great awakening is
that it has tried to extend itself
institutionally rather than the
deepening of Christian characters
by commitment.’’
High Court in Virginia
Studies Holober Plea
ly H*» Attocialad Preu
RICHMOND, Va.. Nov. 21—The
Virginia Supreme Court of Ap
peals today studied, an appeal by
Carles Francis Holober, former1
Washington taxicab driver who
was sentence*, to death lor killing
his wife.'
If the court follows Its usual'
procedure, a decision will be re
turned at the next term.
Holober was convicted in Fair
fax County Circuit Court. His
counsel yesterday asked that the
verdict be reversed on the grounds
that he was Insane when he shot
his wife and buried her and their
10-month-old baby — the latter
still alive—at an abandoned Fair
fax County nudist camp In Feb
ruary, 1949.
Macyr Dewey Foe, Quits
County Chairmanship
■y Hw Atsociatad Preu
GREAT RIVER, N. Y.. Nov. 21—
Representative W. Kingsland
Macy, beaten for re-election in his
traditionally strong Republican
district, has resigned as Suffolk
County G. O. P. chairman, a post
he had held since 1926.
Mr. Macy, an intra-party foe of
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, announced
last night he was stepping out of
party leadership In the Eastern
Long Island county.
He was nosed out of his con
gressional seat at the November ’i
election by Ernest Greenwood, s
retired schoolmaster.
A recanvass, completed yester
day, showed that Mr. Greenwood
Democratic-Liberal Party nominee
won by 138 votes out of more than
150,000 cast.
Mr. Macy, who served four jrears
as Republican State chairman in
the 1930s, is rounding out his
second term in Congress.
The 61-year-old House member
has charged that some Republican
leaders didn’t work very hard for
his re-election.
45,000 Red Agents Rule China
U. N. Told by Nationalists
(Continued From First Page.)
he said, there were only some 395,
000 men operating against the
regime of Mao Tze-tung, but now
there are about 1,667,000. About
15 per cent of these, Dr. Tsiang
said, are Communist troops who
have swung their allegiance to
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.
The Nationalist delegate urged
the U. N. to create a special com
mission of inquiry to look into
Russia’s alleged aggression against
China and to report back to the
1951 Assembly. He said the mat
ter was urgent but that he real
ized a thorough, systematic study
is called for.
Dr. Tsiang charged that the
North Korean attack on South
Korea and .the Chinese Commu
nist invasion of Tibet were parts
of the same problem. He proposed
that the Assembly consider the
Tibetan question along with his
own charges of Soviet aggression
against China.
Gives Up Council Presidency.
Dr. Tsiang told reporters he was
prepared to step down as Decem
ber president of the Security
Council because he considers him
self an interested party in the
Formosa question which is ex
pected to be under discussion most
of the month.
Dr. Tsiang’s decision will elim
inate a touchy problem, since Rus
sia probably would object strenu
ously to having him in the chair.
The problem would have been fur
ther complicated by the presence
of the Chinese Communist dele
gation which is now en route t<
Lake Success to take part in th«
discussions.
Dr. Tsiang and the Communist
delegates are not expected to rec
ognize each other. The specific
question before the Security Coun
cil is the Peiping regime’s charge
that the presence of the United
States 7th Fleet in the Strait of
Formosa constitutes aggression
against China. The debate will
begin as soon as the Chinese Com
munists arrive here, probably Fri
day.
Russian Proposal Rejected.
The Assembly yesterday rejected
Russian conditions for co-operat
ing in the development of Secre
tary-General Trygve Lie’s 20-year
peace program. One of those con
ditions was Chinese Communist
representation in the U. N.
A nine-power resolution calling
on various U. N. organs to work
for development of Mr. Lie’s plan
was approved, 51 to 5, with Na
tionalist China abstaining. The
Soviet bloc cast the negative
votes.
At the heart of Mr. Lie’s pro
gram is a proposal that special
Security Council meetings, attend
ed by high level officials, work
through the years for an easing
of world tensions.
The Assembly’s 14-nation Steer
ing Committee met briefly, but
postponed action on El Salvador’s
request that the Tibet case be
added to the agenda. The com
mittee authorized Assembly Presi
dent Nasrollah Entezam of Iran
to fix its next meeting date.
Taxes
(Continued From First Page.)
the administration’s program, the
Demorcatic majority of the Tax
writing Committee held firm
against persistent Republican de
mands for consideration of pos
sible substitutes for an excess
profits tax. The committee is un
der a congressional mandate to
report an excess profits tax bill
“as soon as practicable” and Pres
ident Truman is urging action dur
ing the remaining short session
starting Monday.
Mr. Alvord’s views and those of
other business organizations were
presented as the committee
planned to wind up public hear
ings not later than tomorrow. It
hopes to have an excess profits bill
ready.for House consideration by
December 1.
“As the first step in preparing
to finance the military program,”
Mr. Alvord testified, “the adminis
tration and the Congress should
reduce non-military expenditures
by at least $6 billion.
“The administration and the
Congress should guard zealously
against waste, whether in the
military or non-military.”
Saying the taxation of “paper
profits” resulting from inflation is
a tax on capital and “must be
avoided,” the witness added:
“A Federal tax in excess of 50
per cent upon the normal profits
of corporations cannot be justi
fied, and -a 50 per cent rate can
be carried for only m limited
period pi time. There is no neces
sity for, and no justification of.
an excess profits tax applicable to
anv portion of 1950 or 1951.”
Mr. Alvord said the “conse
quences of Inflation are too grue
some to play with” and urged that
the military program be kept on a
pay-as-you-go basis for “as long
as possible.”
Despite the committee’s ban on
proposals for other forms of taxa
tion, Mr. Alvord offered for the
record the Chamber’s suggested
tax program adopted at a meeting
last Friday. It included^
1. An over-all 50 per cent cor
porate income tax rate estimated
to produce $2 billion a year.
2. Additional excise levies to
bring in another $5 billion. A
manufacturers ’excise or consumer
sales tax were suggested as pos
sible methods.
3. No increase in individual in
come tax rates, but possibly low
ered exemptions from the present
$600 for each individual.
Mr. Alvord offered numerous
suggestions about an excess profits
tax, if the Congress insists on con
sidering one at this time.
Another one of 19 witnesses
scheduled for testimony during
the day was Leo Cheme of New
York, executive secretary of the
Research Institute of America.
He testified that only 19 per cent
of America's businesses prefer an
excess profits tax as a means of
raising the additional revenue
needed for the defense program.
Mr. Cherne’s statement was
based on a survey of 30,000 busi
ness executives and professional
people. He said the survey showed
that an overwhelming proportion
of them favor higher corporate
rates in preference to an excess
profits tax.
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Belgians to Fight in Korea
BRUSSELS, Nov. 21 UP).—'The
Belgian battalion of about 900
volunteers for Korea is to leave
Belgium for Korea by mid-De
cember, It was announced today.
The troops will sail aboard the
Kamina, now being fitted as the
first army troop transport ship
ever to fly the Belgian flag.
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„ Defense Department
Changes System on
Wage Board Salaries
The Defense Department’s Per
sonnel Policy Board today an
nounced a new joint system of
administering the salaries of the
Government’s Wage Board em
ployes in the military agencies.
Pentagon officials said the new
system to be used by the Army,
Navy and Air Force departments
represented administrative changes
over the old one, and would have
little effect on employes’ salaries. „
Defense officials said the new
system would save administrative
expenses and eliminate the con
flicting methods formerly used by
the various defense bureaus.
The new system provides for
joint surveys by the Army, Navy
and Air Force departments in re
adjusting employes’ Salaries, in
stead of the separate surveys un
dertaken previously. Also, the sys
tem provides four steps to each
wage level, with the top rate desig
nated as a premium one to be
given to workers with exceptional
ability.
Under the old system the Navy
Department had three steps per
wage rate, while the Army and Air
Force Departments had five.
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